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Tuesday, 1 May 1973
Page: 1537


Mr Lynch asked the Minister for Immigration, upon notice:

(1)   Did he state that the concept of citizenship should be taught in schools.

(2)   In which (a) States and (b) Territories of the Commonwealth is the concept of citizenship not taught.


Mr Grassby - The answer to the honourable member's question is as follows:

(1)   Yes.

(2)   The concept of citizenship is currently taught in schools in all States and Territories of the Commonwealth. However what I would wish to see are new courses of instruction developed which would be related more closely to the present-day nature of Australian society in all its aspects and emphasising particularly our responsibility towards the environment.

Introduction of 4 Weeks Leave with 5 Weeks Pay (Question No. 113)


Mr Lynch asked the Minister for Labour, upon notice:

(1)   What increase in (a) the national wages bill and (b) unit labour costs will be caused by the introduction of 4 weeks leave with 5 weeks pay.

(2)   What increase in (a) the national wages bill and (b) unit labour costs will be caused by the introduction of 4 weeks leave with 5 weeks pay in the (i) Commonwealth Public Service, (ii) motor vehicle industry, (iii) fuel and power industries, (iv) iron and steel industries, (v) stevedoring industry, (vi) building and construction industry and (vii) retailing industry.

(3)   Can he say what the inflationary effects will be in respect of parts (1) and (2).


Mr Clyde Cameron (HINDMARSH, SOUTH AUSTRALIA) - I am informed that the answer to the honourable member's question is as follows:

(1)   There is insufficient data available to permit a precise estimate to be made of the cost of introducing 4 weeks leave with 5 weeks pay. Any estimate of the cost necessarily depends on the assumptions adopted. If one assumes no effect on labour productivity then, depending on the method adopted to compensate for the loss of production and the basis of annual leave remuneration, the effect on the introduction of 4 weeks leave with an additional weeks pay would be to increase unit labour costs and the national wages bill by between 3.3 per cent and 5.6 per cent. In terms of the present wages bill this approach places the money cost in the range S720m to $l,230m. However these estimates completely ignore any favourable effect on productivity and may therefore grossly over-estimate the extent of the impact.

(2)   Using similar assumptions to those used in making estimates in (1) above, the answer to (i)(a) is $50m and to (0(b) is 0.2 per cent. The extent of available information on the wages bill and structure of earnings in the industries mentioned in (ii) to (vii) does not enable the formulation of any useful estimates for these industries.

(3)   In view of the answers to parts (1) and (2) and the uncertain relationship between unit labour costs and prices it is not possible to make a meaningful assessment of the inflationary impact. However, it is considered any impact would be within the economic capacity of the community.







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