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Tuesday, 26 October 1971
Page: 2495


Mr N H Bowen (PARRAMATTA, NEW SOUTH WALES) (Minister for Foreign Affairs) - by leave - As we have made plain for many months and as we have asserted in the speeches delivered on Australia's behalf in the General Assembly and by the resolutions we have co-sponsored, we have supported the representation of the People's Republic of China in the General Assembly and their occupation of the seat on the Security Council. We are therefore pleased that the People's Republic of China will now be enabled to be represented in the United Nations and take the seat on the Security Council. A vote was taken at the United Nations General Assembly on Monday - they are 15 hours behind us - first on the question whether priority should be accorded to the non-expulsion resolution which Australia and 21 other countries were co-sponsoring. The vote was in favour of according priority for the vole on this resolution before the vote was taken on the Albanian resolution. The result of the vote was 61 in favour, 53 against with 15 abstentions. A vote was then taken on the non-expulsion resolution of which Australia was co-sponsor. The result was that this motion was lost, with 55 votes in favour, 59 against and 15 abstentions.

A motion was moved by the leader of the American delegation to divide the Albanian resolution for the purpose of the vote. This was ruled out of order by the President of the Assembly and this ruling was supported by a vote of the Assembly. A vote was then taken on the Albanian resolution and this was carried by 76 in favour, 35 against, and 17 abstentions. Australia voted against this resolution. In view of the vote on the Albanian resoluion no vote will now be taken on the dual representation resolution of which Australia was also co-sponsor with 18 other countries, and which in its terms would have provided for the representation of the People's Republic of China and its taking the seat on the Security Council and would also have provided for the continued representation of the Republic of China. I will seek to table copies of each of the substantive resolutions referred to at the conclusion of my statement. Honourable members have been aware of the general nature of these resolutions.


Mr Whitlam - Would you like leave to incorporate them now? That means that they will appear in Hansard.


Mr N H Bowen (PARRAMATTA, NEW SOUTH WALES) - Yes, I seek leave to incorporate them in Hansard.

Mr DEPUTY SPEAKER (Mr Halletf)

Is leave granted? There being no objection leave is granted. (The documents read as follows):

RESTORATION OF THE LAWFUL RIGHTS OF THE PRC IN THE UN ALBANIAN RESOLUTION

Submitted on 15 July, 1971

Albania, Algeria, Burma, Ceylon, Congo (Brazzaville), Cuba, Equatorial Guinea, Guinea, Iraq, Mali, Mauritania, Nepal, Pakistan, Romania, Somalia, Southern Yemen, Sudan, Syria, United Republic of Tanzania, Yemen, Yugoslavia, and Zambia

The General Assembly,

Recalling the principles of the Charter of the United Nations,

Considering that the restoration of the lawful rights of the People's Republic of China is essential both for the protection of the Charter of the United Nations and or the cause that the United Nations must serve under the Charter,

Recognising that the representatives of the Government of the People's Republic of China are the only lawful representatives of China to the United Nations and that the People's Republic of China is one of the five permanent members of the Security Council,

Decides to restore all its rights to the People's Republic of China and to recognise the representatives of its Government as the only legitimate representatives of China to the United Nations, and to expel forthwith the representatives of Chiang Kai-shek from the place which they unlawfully occupy at the United Nations and in all the organisations related to it.

Annex

REPRESENTATION OF CHINA IN THE UN IMPORTANT QUESTION' DRAFT RESOLUTION

Submitted on 22 September, 1971

Australia, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Fiji, Gambia, Haiti, Honduras, Japan, Lesolho, Liberia, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Philippines, Swaziland, Thailand, United Slates, Uruguay, Bolivia, Guatemala and Mauritius

The General Assembly,

Recalling the provisions of the Charter,

Decides that any proposal in the General Assembly which would result in depriving the Republic of China of representation in the United Nations is an important question under Article 18 of the Charter.

Annex

REPRESENTATION OF CHINA IN THE UNITED NATIONS

DUAL REPRESENTATION' DRAFT RESOLUTION

Submitted on 22nd September 1971

Australia, Chad, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Honduras, Japan, Fiji, Gambia, Haiti, Lesotho, New Zealand, Philippines, Swaziland, Thailand, United States, Uruguay, Liberia, Bolivia and Mauritius

The General Assembly,

Having considered the item entitled the Representation of China in the United Nations,

Noting that since the founding of the United Nations, fundamental changes have occurred in China,

Having regard for the existing factual situation.

Noting that the Republic of China has been continuously represented as a member of the United Nations since 1945,

Believing that the People's Republic of China should be represented in the United Nations,

Recalling that Article 1, paragraph 4, of the Charter of the United Nations establishes the United Nations as a centre for harmonising the actions of nations,

Believing that an equitable resolution of this problem should be sought in the light of the above mentioned considerations and without prejudice to the eventual settlement of the conflicting claims involved,

1.   Hereby affirms the right of representation of the People's Republic of China and recommends that it be seated as one of the five permanent members of the Security Council;

2.   Affirms the continued right of representation of the Republic of China;

3.   Recommends that all United Nations bodies and the specialised agencies take into account the provision of this resolution in deciding the question of Chinese representation.


Mr Whitlam - Have you particulars concerning the voting?


Mr N H Bowen (PARRAMATTA, NEW SOUTH WALES) - Do you mean the individual countries?


Mr Whitlam - Yes.


Mr N H Bowen (PARRAMATTA, NEW SOUTH WALES) - I have not got the information. I will get it and supply it to you. In the course of the debate on the

Albanian resolution andprior to thevote being taken, the Foreign Minister of the Republic of China, Mr Chow Shu-kai, announced that his Government would take no further part in the business of the

United Nations General Assembly. It is a disappointment to us that the collective decision of the United Nations membership should result in the Republic of China losing its place in the world organisation.

The Government of the Republic of China remains in effective control of Taiwan, as the Government of the People's Republic also controls the mainland of China. The authority of either in their respective territories is not altered by this decision. We recognise, however, that the People's Republic of China claims sovereignty over Taiwan, and the Republic of China claims sovereignty over Taiwan and the Mainland. We do not expect an early resolution of these conflicting claims. But our great and continuing desire is to see all countries in the region live in peace and we shall, in our policies, continue our efforts towards that end. We shall continue pursuit of our dialogue with the People's Republic of China, with a view to the progressive normalisation of our relations with it.







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