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Friday, 25 September 1970

Mr Whitlam asked the Minister representing the Minister for Civil Aviation, upon notice:

What steps are being taken to secure South Australian laws complementary to the Crimes (Aircraft) Act 1963.

Mr Swartz (DARLING DOWNS, QUEENSLAND) (Minister for National Development) - The Minister for Civil Aviation has provided the following answer to the honourable member's question:

In May of this year, the mention of the Honourable, the Premier of South Australia was again drawn to the importance and significance of early adoption of legislation complementary to the Crimes (Aircraft) Act. In July, we were informed by the Premier that the introduction of such legislation had been approved -and that it would be available for the forthcoming session, subject to parliamentary time being available.

Pre-school Children (Question No. 1646)

Mr Les Johnson (HUGHES, NEW SOUTH WALES) asked the Minister for

Education and Science, upon notice:

(1)   What is the estimated number of children of pre-school age

(a)   in each State,

(b)   in the Australian Capital Territory,

(c)   in the Northern Territory and

(d)   enrolled in (i) each State, (ii) the Australian Capital Territory and (iii) the Northern Territory.

(2)   What is the per capita expenditure on preschool education in:

(a)   each State,

(b)   the Australian Capital Territory and

(c)   the Northern Territory.

Mr N H Bowen (PARRAMATTA, NEW SOUTH WALES) en - The answer to the honourable member's question is as follows:

(1)   (a) (b) (c) It is difficult to define exactly the number of children of pre-school age. This would normally include the number of children aged 3 and 4 years but can also include a number of 5 year olds who are not yet enrolled at primary schools. The following table shows the number of children in the population aged 3 and 4 together with estimates of the numbers of 5 year olds not enrolled at primary school at June 1970. The size of the latter category will, of course, vary during the school year depending on enrolment policies at primary schools.


(1)   (d) (i) (ii) (iii) It has been assumed that this part of the question relates to enrolments in preschools in each State and Territory.

Pre-school centres in Australia may be divided into the following categories:

(a)   Government pre-school centres maintained by State Governments and by the Commonwealth Government in the two Territories. (b} Non-government pre-school centres -

(i)   'Affiliated' centres which receive grants from State Governments through organisations such as the Kindergarten

Union, all of which are affiliated to and accept the standards laid down by the Australian Pre-School Association.

(c)   'Unaffiliated' centres, most of which do not receive financial assistance. A large proportion of these centres provide mainly child care rather than pre-school education facilities.

The following table shows details of enrolments in government and 'affiliated' pre-school centres ((a) and (b) above) only, in each State and Territory.


(a)   Excludes pre-schools for Aboriginal children which had approximately 750 enrolments in 1969.

Source: Australian Pre-School Association and Department of Education and Science.

Note: Because of the diversity of pre-school activity in each State and the differing methods and timing of counting enrolments, it cannot be assumed that the figures shown above are directly comparable from State to State.

(2)   (a) No comprehensive information is available to enable the calculation of realistic expenditures per head of population on pre-school education in each State. In most States pre-school education is largely financed through fees paid by parents and other fund raising activities but with the assistance of grants in aid to affiliated preschool associations from the State Governments.

(b)   and (c) Government expenditure per head of population on pre-school education in the Australian Capital Territory and the Northern Territory (excluding aboriginal pre-schools) in the 1969-70 financial year was:


Thesefigures include both recurrent and capital costs but exclude the costs of training teachers. They also exclude costs of land acquisition and site development as well as fees and other contributions by parents.

Australian Road System' (Question No. 1450)

Mr Whitlam asked the Minister for

Shipping and Transport, upon notice:

Has a decision yet been made whether to publish the document 'Australian Road System' which he received on 30th April 1969 (Hansard 26th September 1969. page 21 14).

Mr Sinclair - The answer to the honourable member's question is as follows:

Following consultations with the State Road and Highway Ministers I have now approved that a limited edition of the report be published. The report will not be offered for sale, but will be made available, on request, to people working in the road planning field. A copy will be placed in the Parliamentary Library for the information of interested members.

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