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Friday, 5 June 1970

Mr Scholes asked the Minister for Primary Industry, upon notice: (0 On how many occasions and for nhat reason have Australian exports of meat products to the United Slates of America been slopped or restricted during the past 5 years.

(2)   What was the estimated cost lo Australia of these restrictions.

(3)   Have any United States exports of primary products suffered similar temporary lass of access to the Australian market in the same period.

Mr Anthony - The answer to thc honourable member's question is as follows:

(I)   The present restriction on the importation of Australian mutton into the United Slates is the first general restriction imposed because of standards of slaughtering and* inspection. The United Slates authorities over the past 5 years have, however, requested that a number of individual meatworks be removed from the list of establishments approved for the purpose of supplying meat lo the United States of America, because the meatworks in question were considered not to comply in all respects with the United States requirements. In most cases, requests for re-registration have ultimately been- granted following action taken to meet the particular circumstances which teo* lo deregistration, lt is a requirement of legislation administered by the United Slates Department of Agriculture that foreign establishments supplying meat shipped to the United States ot America be registered with that Department. A prerequisite of registration is that the establishment meets standards prescribed by the United States of America. Restriction- for reasons other than non-compliance wilh U.S.D.A. inspection standards have arisen because of the operation of the United States legislation, under which imports of fresh chilled or frozen beef, veal, mutton and' goat meat may be subject to quotas in any calendar year should the United States Secretary of Agriculture estimate that imports of these meats, during a calendar year, exceed by 10% or more a 'permitted let el' which is calculated by a formula in the legislation. When it was considered that there was a danger of quotas being triggered1 in 1968 and 1969 all major suppliers, including Australia, agreed to limit shipments. Voluntary restraints were agreed to by those suppliers and these were «et at a level above those that would have been set had quotas been introduced but below the level which would have triggered quotas. In order to avoid exceeding the restraint level shipments for 1968 arrival were suspended between late September ami midNovember 1968. In 1969 limitations were placed on the amount each individual exporter could ship to the United Stales between August and midNovember 1969 for the same reason.

(2)   lt would be impossible to determine whether any cost was incurred as a result of voluntary restrictions' on exports of Australian beef and veal to the United States in late 1968 and 1969.

(3)   No.

I titer national Affairs: United Nations (Question Na. 1122)

Dr Klugman asked the Minister for External Affairs, upon notice:

(1)   Have the German Federal Republic and the German Democratic Republic applied for membership of (he United Nations and in ils special organisations.

(2)   Has Australia supported these applications; if nol, why not.

Mr McMahon - The answer to the honourable member's question is as follows:

(1)   The Federal Republic of Germany has not applied for membership of the United Nations, lt is, however, a member of all thirteen United Nations Specialised Agencies and of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT, and of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). The East German authorities applied for membership of the United Nations in i960, but the application was not formally considered. They hare also applied, unsuccessfully, for membership of several United Nations Specialised Agencies.

(2)   Australia has supported past applications by the Federal Republic of Germany for membership of United Nations Specialised Agencies. Australia docs not recognise the» German regime, and thus has not supported applications by it for membership of the United Nations and its Specialised Agencies.

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