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Wednesday, 3 May 1961

Mr Clyde Cameron (HINDMARSH, SOUTH AUSTRALIA) - It has been the policy of the Labour Party for years that the natives of Australia should be given the right to vote. I remind the honorable member for Canning (Mr. Hamilton) that the Labour Party has pledged its adherence to principles enunciated by the United Nations. Article 55 of the United Nations Charter says -

.   . the United Nations shall promote:

(c)   universal respect for, and observance of, human rights and fundamental freedoms for all without distinction as to race, sex, language, or religion.

That is a principle to which the Australian Labour Party has adhered for many years. Article 56 of the United Nations Charter, which the Labour Party endorses, says -

All Members pledge themselves to take joint and separate action in co-operation with the Organization for the achievement of the purposes set forth in Article 55.

Mr Hamilton - When was that drawn up?

Mr Clyde Cameron (HINDMARSH, SOUTH AUSTRALIA) - I would like to remind the honorable member for Canning, who is shortly, I understand, to retire from this Parliament, and who I also am given to understand will contest a State seat against the Liberal member in his district - and 1 wish him well - that Article 21 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights states -

1.   Everyone has the right to take part in the government of his country, directly or through freely chosen representatives.

2.   Everyone has the right of equal access to the public service in his country.

3.   The will of the people shall be the basis of the authority of government; this will shall be expressed in periodic and genuine elections which shall be by universal and equal suffrage and shall be held by secret vote or by equivalent free voting procedures.

As a matter of fact, it is worth mentioning before we go further on the matter of the aborigines that the Universal Declaration of Human Rights of the United Nations has still not been implemented in South Australia in respect of people who are looked upon as of European origin. It is not true to say that in South Australia we have the right of free and equal voting. The seats are so gerrymandered that the people living in the areas of South Australia which normally vote Liberal, the farming communities-

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