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Tuesday, 11 April 1961

Mr Bryant (WILLS, VICTORIA) t asked the Acting Prime Minister, upon notice -

Will he amplify the Prime Minister's reply to the question regarding educational, research and training activities within departments which I placed on the notice-paper on 1st September, 1960, by giving, in relation to each of the Departments of State, answers in detail to the following questions: -

(a)   What educational institutions are conducted by or for the department?

(b)   What is the function, staff and student strength of each institution?

(c)   What is the annual cost of each educational activity conducted by the department, and when was each introduced?

(d)   How are these educational activities of the department co-ordinated with other departments or State authorities?

(e)   How are the activities planned as regards scope and curriculum, and what departmental officer is responsible for their administration?

(f)   What legislative or other authority exists for these activities?

(g)   What research functions, not included in these activities, are carried out by or for the department?

(h)   What reports or other publications are available covering any of the department's educational activities?

(i)   What has been the cost of these activities in each year from and including "1944?

(j)   What educational activities, including correspondence classes, are conducted within the department for in-service training of departmental staff?

(k)   What scholarships, fellowships, bursaries and travel facilities, &c, are granted to officers of the department or to others by the department or by instrumentalities responsible to the Minister?

Mr Menzies - The answers to the' honorable member's questions are as follows: -

The information requested is shown for each Department of -State.

In relation to part (f) legislative authority has been shown where it is specifically related to training and educational facilities. In the main however the Public Service Act provides the authority.

With regard to part (i) training costs are often not itemized out from administrative costs and are therefore not always available. Wherever possible, however, information on costs has been given.

Department of Air.

(a)   The Royal Australian Air Force School, Penang, Malaya.

(b)   The function of the school is to provide education to second-year secondary level for children of the R.A.A.F. members serving in Malaya. The staff strengthof the school is seventeen and the student strength is 525.

(c)   The annual cost of the school is £51,000 and it commenced in . 1959.

(d)   The departments of education in Victoria and New South Wales make available teaching staff for the school and make regular inspections.

(e)   The activities of the school are planned by the departments of education in Victoria and New South Wales. The officer responsible is the First Assistant Secretary, Department of Air.

(f)   The school was established as a result of a Government decision.

(g)   Nil.

(h)   Nil.

(i)   £51,000 in 1959-60.

(j)   Normal in-servicetraining for civilians in the department and specialist courses in supervisory techniques, stores depot site management and control procedures, safety procedure, correspondence, supply and equipment requirement and procurement procedures, dictation techniques, instructional techniques; technical trainingin inspection administration, aerodynamics, gas turbines, metallurgy, and metrology. In addition, instruction is provided on a voluntary basis to temporary employees to assist them to qualify for entrance to the Fourth Divisionof the Commonwealth Public Service.

(k)   Nil.

Department of the Army.

(a)   to (i) Nil.

(j)   Normal in-service training for civilian staff.

(k)   Cadetships in engineering are offered.

Attorney-General's Department.

(a)   The Commonwealth Police Training Depot at North Head, Manly, New South Wales.

(b)   (i) The function of the depot is to provide training for Commonwealth law enforcement officers and for officers of the Commonwealth and State police forces 'and the New Zealand Police Force; (ii) The staff comprises a principal, three instructors,one registrar and three kitchen staff; (iii) Up to 22 students are in residence at any one time.

(c)   The depot was opened in October, 1960, and the estimated cost will be £25,000 per annum.

(d)   By liaison with appropriate departments and authorities and through discussion at the annual conference of Police Commissioners of Australia and New Zealand.

(e)   The principal is responsible for the courses conducted at the depot.

(f)   The establishment of the Depot was approved by the Government.

(g)   Nil.

(h)   Nil.

(i)   Not applicable - see (c) above.

(j)   Normal in-service training activities.

(k)   Cadetshipsin the PatentOffice are offered.

Department of Civil Aviation.

(a)   The educational (training) institutions conducted by the department are as follows: -

*Air Traffic Control School.

*AircraftSurveyors' School.

*Electrical Equipment School.

*Radio Technicians' School '(Melbourne).

Radio Technicians' Schools at Brisbane, Sydney, Adelaide and Perth.

Communications Officers' School (Sydney).

Fire Services Training School (Sydney).

Linemen's Training School (Sydney).

Diesel Engine and Mechanical Maintenance (Moorabbin). (* These are housed in the one building at Grattanstreet, Carlton and constitute one institution which is referred to as the Victoria-Tasmania Regional Training School.)

In addition to the above there are programmes of training of a non-technical nature designed to cater for the needs of management, supervisory, and clerical staff. These are referred to under 0). There are no educational institutions conducted for the department. However, it is the policy of the department to use an existing educational facility wherever it meets the training requirements of the department. Educational institutions used by the department are as follows: -

(i)   University of Melbourne - for short courses on such subjects as "'Operational Research " and " Fatigue and its influence on Engineering Design ".

(ii)   In addition - (a.) The University of Adelaide (Professor Willoughby) is provided with a yearly grant of £3,000 to conduct research into aerial systems and to provide post graduate training for selected departmental airways engineers. (b.) The University of New South Wales '(Professor Blunden) is providing training for a sectional airways engineer in the study of traffic engineering problems (A.T.C.).

(iii)   Royal Melbourne Technical College - for courses such as supply management, and for short terms training courses on technical subjects bearing on the work of the department.

(iv)   Swinburne Technical College - for training of certain selected maintenance staff in refrigeration and air conditioning.

(v)   Australian Institute of Management - for occasional short term courses pertaining to the work of the department.

(vi)   Training Schools and Courses conducted by the Airlines - T.A.A., Ansett-A.N.A., Q.E.A. - The department arranges training with these organizations for pilots and aircraft surveyors in the engineering aspects of new type aircraft. Conversion flying training for new type aircraft is also arranged for departmental -pilots. (b)-


(c)   The annual cost of each of the institutions referred to in question (a) is given below for the last three years.


It should be noted, however, that the above costs are not so much a cost of training as an integral part of the cost of providing the service concerned. For example, it would not be possible to provide a fire service without providing training in the techniques of fire fighting and of operating the necessary equipment. It is for this reason that the department when preparing its estimates includes the above costs as part of the administrative, maintenance or operational costs of the organization, i.e., it does not isolate them as far as in-service training is concerned. However for administrative purposes it does isolate the costs of training carried out by agencies external to the department, e.g., flying training and training at universities and technical colleges. Over the past three years this amount, expended under Division 262/0/12 of the Estimates has been as follows: -


(d)   The activities conducted by the department are mainly self-contained. Where necessary arrangements are made directly by the department, through its Training Branch, with the Commonwealth or State instrumentality. For example, as a result of an approach made by the Overseas Telecommunications Commission the department trains a small number of radio technicians for the O.T.C. Similarly, training has also been provided by the department for small numbers of staff from -

(i)   The Postmaster-General's Department in V.H.F. techniques and in diesel maintenance.

(ii)   the R.A.A.F. in air traffic control and aircraft fire fighting.

The department makes its own negotiations with the universities and technical colleges for any training it requires. (See answer to (a).)

(e)   The activities are planned by the Training Branch in close collaboration with officers of the technical and operational divisions concerned. The overall responsibility for the administration of training lies with the Inspector (Training) who is directly responsible to the Assistant DirectorGeneral (Administration).

(f)   The Public Service Act

(g)   Nil.

(h)   The only printed document relating to the department's training activities is a pamphlet on the training of technicians-in-training.

(i)   See answer to (c).

(j)   Normal in-service training and specialist courses in management, supervision, clerical work, stores, safety, instructional methods and for finance officers and new entrants. Appenticeships are available.

(k)   Cadetships in engineering (civil, electronic, mechanical) and positions of trainee engineer for the training of professional engineers in civil, electrical, mechanical and aeronautical engineering are offered.

Department of Customs and Excise.

(a)   to (i) Nil.

(j)   Normal in-service administrative training and specialist courses in invoice examining, wharf examining, and preventative work.

(k)   Nil.

Department of Defence.

(a)   to (i) Nil.

(j)   Normal in-service training,

(k)   Nil.

Department of External Affairs.

(a)   to (i) Nil.

(j)   'Part-time formal training in diplomatic practice, economics and international law is conducted by officers of the Department of External Affairs and training in languages and Australian affairs is carried out at the School of General Studies, Australian National University, during the first year of appointment of diplomatic officers. Departmental and training courses are conducted for all officers, prior to overseas posting, in financial, administrative and consular procedure.

(k)   Nil.

Department of Health.

(a)   (i) The School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, (ii) The Institute of Child Health, (iii) The Commonwealth Acoustic Laboratories, as an incidental to its main functions, provides limited educational facilities for deaf children.

(b)   (i) The School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine provides teaching facilities in postgraduate, undergraduate and specialist studies and lectures at general annual courses, in the above fields. It also engages in comprehensive research into these subjects. Staff strength, including teaching, research and administrative workers, is presently 65. Student strength varies, but in 1958 lectures in Public Health were delivered to 228 students. (ii) The Institute of Child Health provides teaching facilities for post-graduate and under-graduate students and for other workers in the field of child health. It also engages in extensive research into problems of child health. Staff strength is approximately twelve. No details of student strength are readily available, (iii) Educational facilities for deaf children at Commonwealth Acoustic Laboratories are incidental to a main function of conducting tests on, and research into, the problems of the deaf child.

(c)   (i) and (ii) Departmental estimates for 1959-60 provided amounts of £108,560 and £26,580 for salary and administrative costs at the School of Public Health and Institute of Child Welfare, respectively. These services were first introduced at the University of Sydney in 1930 and 1948, respectively.

(d)   (i) and (ii) Co-ordinated within the University of Sydney's curriculum.

(e)   (i) and (ii) Director, School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine. The scope and curriculum of these activities are planned to fit within the framework of activities at the Medical School of the University of Sydney.

(f)   The National Health Act 1953-1959, section 9.

(g)   Apart from research carried out relating to the functions of the department, medical research in many fields is conducted at private research institutions under tire auspices- of the National Health and Medical Research Council. Lady Cowrie Child Centres receive annual grants towards their costs. Activities at these centres are directed towards establishing patterns in preschool training practices: and medical supervision and research material in the problems of child health.

(h)   (i) The: report of the Director-General of Health, 1956-58. (ii) Interim report of. the Director-General for the year 1959-60. (iii) Reports upon the " Work done under the Medical Research Endowment Act'" during' the year 1958, and' earlier years.

(i)   ; Dissection of departmental expenditure to calculate the cost of these activities is not practicable. (j). Training courses- in management techniques, general and financial administration are conducted in. the divisional offices and at the. Commonwealth Serum Laboratories, and' staff at the Commonwealth Acoustic Laboratories are trained in the administration of audiometric tests and the maintenance of. hearing aids. At the School of. Public. Health and Tropical Medicine medical officers attend for post-graduate training in the Diploma of Public Health and the' Diploma of Tropical 'Medicine' and Hygiene,, and' medical officers and biochemists are given training before taking up duty in the department's' health laboratories.

(k)   Professional officers of the department may from time to time be awarded scholarships or fellowships from organizations; such; as the World Health. Organization

Department of Immigration.

(a)   to (i)Nil.

(j)   Normal in-service training.

(k)   Nil.

Department of the Interior.

Information in terms ofitems (a) to (k) has been provided for each of the following institutions: -

1.   Education Section, Australian. Capital Territory Services. Branch.

2.   Australian Civil Defence Branch, Mount Macedon.,

3.   Central Training School (Meteorology).

4.   Australian Forestry School.

Excluding these the only question' which relates to the: department as a whole is (j). In this respect normal inservice training is provided, with specialist training, in public: relations and' for bushfire fighting' teams, &c, 1. (a) The Education Section; AustralianCapital Territory Services Branch.

(b)   Functions. - In administering public education in the Australian Capital Territory to provide. -

(i)   Education from Primary to Leaving Certificate standard in the Australian Capital Territory;

(ii)   Through pre-school centres, education to the Australian Pre-school Association standards;,

(iii)   Through the Canberra. Technical College, trade and post-trade courses; certificate, commerce, management and hobby courses..

Staff. - (i) 396 teachers and instructors, including 40 part-time teachers at the Technical College. (ii) Education section - 6.

Students. - 11,550 students enrolled in the Australian. Capital Territory.

(c)   (See Estimates of Expenditure for Year ending 30th June, 1961, Department of the Interior, pp. 70-72)-

(i)   Primary and secondary schools,, 1959-60: £432,993. Started- 1911

(ii)   Pre-school education 1959-60: £32,861.. Started- 1942.

(iii)   Canberra Technical College, 1959-60: £68,719. Started- 1925.

(iv)   Canberra University College, 1959-60: £338,530. Started 31st March, 1930; transferred to Australian National University 31st December,1960;

(d)   . By, agreement between the. Commonwealth and the. New South Wales Government, the New South Wales Department of Education and the New. South Wales Department of Technical. Education arrange the teaching services for the Australian. Capital Territory maintained public school's and the Canberra Technical College. The New South Wales Government is reimbursed by the Commonwealth for its services.

(e)   Instruction in the Australian Capital Territory follows the curricula' of the New South Wales. Department of Education and the Department of Technical. Education; The Assistant Secretary, Australian Capital Territory Services Branch, is responsible for education services in the Australian Capital Territory.

(f)   Education Ordinance and Education Regulations (1937-59);

(g)   No research in educations is undertaken by the section- research work is done by the New South Wales Department of Education.

(h)   No separate publications apart from pamphlets on pre-school activities are published by the department on education activities in the Australian Capital Territory;


Thistotal includes -

(i)   Private schools - Reimbursement of interest on capital borrowed for construction and extension of school buildings £24,065.

(ii)   Contribution towards cost of the Occupational Centre, Handicapped Children's Association- £5,000.

(iii)   Grants to Canberra University College from 1943-44 to 1959-60- £1,444,011.

(iv)   Transport of both private and public school children- £453,632.

(j)   Limited to on-the-job training.

(k)   (i) Kindergarten Teachers' Training Scholarship £11.000*



(b)   Function. - The study and conduct of courses in all aspects of civil defence including the training of instructors and key personnel for the several States and Commonwealth departments. The conduct of such trials and experiments in civil defence techniques and equipment as may be required from time to time.

Staff.- Establishment - 42. (Actual at 1st December, 1960-39).

Students. - The normal intake of students on each civil defence course is 30. Total student attendance to 1st December, 1960 - 4,125.

(c)   Officially opened, 2nd July, 1956. Maintenance and operating costs, excluding directorate costs- 1956-57, £129,715 (influence of capital works); 1957-58, £95,064; 1958-59, £101,612; 1959-60, £96,712.

(d)   Proposals for the planning and development of civil defence policy by the various State and Commonwealth authorities is guided by the teachings and techniques of the Civil Defence School. Students who qualify by examination are recognized by the Commonwealth as competent instructors on civil defence in the States. Students numbering 475 have now qualified as instructors in various sections of a Civil Defence Corps. When nominating students, the various authorities are asked to select those likely to be concerned with the organization or administration of some aspect of civil defence, or whose work will be affected toy civil defence requirements. Preference is given to State and local government nominations.

(e)   The schedule of civil defence courses is planned by the Civil Defence Directorate at least six months in advance after due consideration of views expressed by the school, the several State civil defence authorities, students, policy, holiday breaks and experience generally of present desirable type courses. Thesyllabus, prepared in advance for each individual course, follows a standard pattern but it is, of course, varied from time to time in the light of experience and circumstances. The set school questions to students on specialized study -periods are appropriately framed for the particular profession or callingrepresented. Particularly valuable information has been gained from study period conclusions. These are also passed on to State authorities. Subject to policy, and with responsibility to the Directorate, the Commandant of the school is responsible for giving effect to approved civil defence teachings and techniques, and for the general conduct of the school.

(f)   Administrative responsibility for the Commonwealth Government's policy on civil defence is vested in the Department of the Interior.

(g)   None. Instructional staff members keep abreast of current developments in civil defence from overseas literature, books, &c, regularly supplied, on aspects of civil defence.

(h)   Nopublications are available. Students are issued with precis of lectures during the courses.

(i)   See answer (c) above. 0') Not applicable.

(k)   None. 3. (a) The Central Training School, Bureau of Meteorology, Melbourne.

(b)   Functions: -

(i)   Train meteorologists, weather officers, weather observers and observers (radio) for service within the Bureau of Meteorology.

(ii)   Train overseas students as meteorologists under theColombo Plan and the Australian International Award Scheme.

(iii)   Train meteorologists, weather observers and observers '(radio), for service with Australian National Antarctic Research Expedition.

(iv)   Supervise the practical work in meteoro- logy of university cadets of the Bureau of Meteorology during vacation periods.

(v)   Conduct lectures and practical work in meteorological 'subjects in conjunction with the Royal Melbourne Technical College for cadets of the Bureau of Meteorology, studying for the Diploma of Applied Physics (Meteorology).

(vi)   Provide lectures and examiners in meteorological subjects for Department of Civil Aviation examinations forsenior commercial pilots, flight navigators and airline transport pilots.

(vii)   Provide examiners in meteorological subjects for Department of Civil Aviation examinations conducted Tor commercial pilots and communications officers.

(viii)   Supervise the training course and syllabi of R.A.A.F. pilots and navigators studying meteorology,

(ix)   Provide lectures for Postmaster-General's Department clerks,Department of Civil Aviation groundsmen, port meteorological agents and other personnel, who are to carry out special meteorological observations for the Bureau of Meteorology.

(x)   Provide technical information for television talks, radio broadcasts, schools, &c.

Training Staff.- Eight.

Students. - While numbers vary during any year for particular courses, the average for 1960 was 61.

(c)   Large scale training activities commenced in 1937 with the establishment of field staff. Operating costs for 1959-60, £45,000.

(d)   The educational activities of the Bureau of Meteorology are co-ordinated with other departments and authorities by inter-departmental agreements. The Supervising Meteorologist, Central Training School, is responsible to the Assistant Director (Administration) for carrying out this liaison work in accordance with policies determined by the Director of Meteorology.

(e)   The aim of the school is to provide for the meteorological requirements of the Australian public whilst conforming to the standards of the World Meteorological Organization. The scope and curriculum of training varies with the purpose of the particular educational activity. Thus, in the professional courses, personnel are trained in the techniques needed for meteorological analysis and forecasting. They are also provided with the necessary theoretical background which, at a later stage, will enable them to carry out meteorological research projects. In the courses for technicians, the curricula are designed to develop skills, which are required for making accurate meteorological observations and servicing special scientific equipment. The aim of this work is to accumulate data, which will be of value not only for general forecasting, but also for research in problems associated with hydrometeorology, agro-meteorology, aeronautical meteorology, fire-control &c. Finally, the curricula for the external courses are designed to integrate the meteorological lectures with the particular needs of the organizations involved. The Supervising Meteorologist, Central Training School, is responsible for the scope of the educational activities and the curricula.

(f)   The Meteorology Act No. 6 of 1955, section 7-(l)(d).

(g)   The Meteorological Section of the Chair of Natural Philosophy at the Melbourne University conducts research in addition to its educational activity. The Commonwealth contributes £6,000 per annum to this section, vide Division No. 632/04 of the approved Estimates under Department of the Interior.

(h)   The curriculum of meteorological training is laid down in paper Met. 48/1466 of 28th November, 1958. A report, Met. 50/834 of 2nd November, 1960, entitled "Meteorological Education" covers the research programme and details of the professional courses conducted by the Commonwealth Bureau of Meteorology. A brochure entitled " Make Meteorology your Career" summarizes the most important aspects of the internal educational programme. A formal report is furnished by the Central Training School at the conclusion of each training course.


These amounts include training staff salaries and operating overheads, but exclude trainees' salaries.

(j)   The Central Training School conducts inservice training for meteorologists, weather officers, observer and observer (radio). Courses are also conducted for advanced forecasting, refresher courses and conversion courses. Assistants (Bureau of Meteorology) can qualify for promotion with on-the-job training. Practical training is given at divisional offices in the capital cities. Correspondence courses in theoretical meteorology are available from the Central Training School, which conducts the examinations for the promotion of assistants.

(k)   None. 4. (a) The Australian Foresty School. (Attached to the department through the Forestry and Timber Bureau.)

(b)   Function. To provide the third and fourth years of the degree course in forestry given by Australian universities. The school is, in effect, a part of each university under the various university regulations governing degrees in forestry. In addition to the formal third and fourth years of the degree course in forestry, the school gives specialized undergraduate and postgraduate courses to foresters from Australia and overseas.

Staff. There are six permanent and two parttime lecturers on the school staff. Members of the research divisions of the Forestry and Timber Bureau and Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization lecture to students as part of the curriculum.

Students. The total number of students in the school varies between 40 and 80; half the number comprises each of the third and fourth years.

(c)   The Australian Forestry School commenced in 1926. Annual cost for 1959-60 was £44,000 (approximately). See para (i).

(d)   The school is a co-operative venture between the Commonwealth Government, the forest services of the States and the universities of the States.

(e)   The activities of the school are planned by the Board of Higher Forestry Education which is a statutory advisory body established under the Forestry and Timber Bureau Act. The administration of the school is under a principal, responsible to the Director-General of the Forestry and Timber Bureau.

(f)   Forestry and Timber Bureau Act 1930-1946.

(g)   Lecturers of the school, as members of a teaching institution at university standard, undertake personal research into various aspects of forestry to improve the content of the courses and the value of their instruction. The Forestry and Timber Bureau conducts research divisions in forest management, silviculture, and timber supply economics.

(h)   Calendar and annual report.

(i)   Separate costs for the school are not available. The costs of the activities for each year from and including 1944 are included in the published estimates for the Forestry and Timber Bureau for each of those years, but the Bureau estimates include other activities besides education and research.

(j)   Not applicable.

(k)   Commonwealth forestry scholarships to attend the school are awarded by the Minister on the recommendation of the Director-General, Forestry and Timber Bureau.

Department of Labour and National Service,

(a)   to (i) Nil.

(j)   Normal in-service training with some special training to assist typists, stenographers and employment office staff.

(k)   Nil.

Department of National Development.

(a)   to(j)) Nil.

(k)   Cadetships in geology or geophysics are offered.

Department of the Navy.

(a)   to (i) Nil.

(j)   Normal in-service training. Apprenticeships are available.

(k)   A limited number of university "free places " on a part time basis are granted each year to enable officers employed under the Naval Defence Act to study for university degrees. Cadetships in naval armament supply are offered.

Postmaster-General's Department.

1.   (a), (b), (c). During 1959-60 the following institutions were conducted on more or less a permanent basis: -

(i)   Technician Training School.

Schools are established in all States to train staff in the methods of installing and maintaining telecommunications equipment used by the department in providing telephone, telegraph and radio facilities. Prior to 1929, trainees attended technical colleges or other approved institutions, but by that date it was becoming increasingly evident that developments in the telecommunication field were drawing away from the type of course conducted by the colleges and institutions. Those institutions were geared more toward heavy direct and alternating current working, whereas telecommunication work was developing toward light currents and high frequencies. Consequently, much of the subject-matter included in technical college courses was redundant so far as departmental requirements were concerned, and, in the years between 1929 and 1954, departmental training facilities were extended and attendance at technical colleges progressively reduced. Since 1954, the complete training course for technicians-in-training has been conducted within the department, and this has permitted of a reduction in the theory content of the course by eliminating all matters not directly related to telecommunication practices.

Trainees are selected from within and without the service in the age group from over 15 to under 18 years. Selection has been made on a 50-50 basis from the two fields of recruitment, but this procedure is currently under review.

The training course is conducted over a period of five years. First year trainees attend the school on a full-time basis, while second, third and fourth year trainees attend, respectively, for 336, 336 and 147 hours annually, with the balance of their time 'being devoted to on-the-job instruction in the field. Fifth year trainees receive fulltime on-the-job training - more in the nature of an apprentice - and do not attend the school.

As at 30th June, 1960, the following techniciansintraining were " on course ": -


In addition, 100 adult trainees were attending the schools for special short courses varying in duration from one to eighteen weeks.

The overall number of instructors employed as at 30th June, 1960, was 320. The Public Service Board has prescribed that departmental instructors employed at technician-in-training schools shall control a maximum number of trainees as indicated hereunder -


For other short courses of practical instruction the number controlled is eight. Where practicable, having regard to the number of trainees requiring tuition in the various technical fields, the above grouping is adhered to, except where the number of trainees in a particular field is insufficient to fill a complete group. However, in such cases instructors are required to control more than one group if practicable.

The cost of conducting technicians-in-training schools in 1959-60 was £1,539,358, which includes an amount of £1,321,666 for the salaries paid to instructors and trainees.

(ii)   Lineman Training School.

Schools are established in all States to train staff to install and maintain aerial lines and underground cables associated with telecommunications equipment. These schools were established initially in 1938, to overcome deficiencies resulting from the practice whereby appointments to the lines staff had been made invariably from men experienced, although seldom systematically trained. in line work. It had been necessary also for training in special sections of the work, such as cable jointing, to be undertaken in the officers' own time at. institutions, where classes were available.

Trainees, are selected from within and without the service in the age group of 16 years 6 months to 19 years 6 months. In. the past, priority has been given to persons from, within the service but this procedure is currently, under review.

The. training course, is. conducted over a period of two years, and, as. at 30th June, I960; 633 linemen-in-training, were "on. course".. In addition!, selected' linemen attend, special, short-term courses varying in duration from, one day to ten weeks, and, as at 30th June, 1960, 250 of these officers were also attending the schools.

Linemen-in-training undertake a two-year training course; During the first, year when instruction is related, mainly to cable work, trainees spend 25 weeks in. the. school and receive on-the-job- tuition for the remainder, of. the time. The second year is devoted chiefly, to aerial work with 19 weeks being spent in the. school and the remainder on the job. During the. periods in which on-the-job training is received, trainees are visited by instructors from the schools who spend approximately 20 minutes per week with each trainee.

At 30th June, 1960, the overall number of instructors was 138. Because instruction is mainly of a practical nature, the maximum number of trainees per instructor as- prescribed by the Public Service Board is largely in keeping with that laid down for the practical section of technicians' training. Details are as follows: -

Pole inspection 6:1

Aerial construction 8 : 1

Cable jointing 12 : 1

Conduit construction 12 : 1

Transport and mechanical aids 12 : 1. After taking into account non-instructional time allowed for class preparation, setting and marking examinations, staff conferences; &c, and provision for supervisory staff, the average ratio of trainees, per instruct©! is in the vicinity of 6 : 1-, which corresponds to the ratio, obtaining as at 30th June, 1960.

The cost of conducting these schools in- 1959-60 was. £943,680), which includes, an amount, of £730,026 for salaries paid to instructors and trainees. (iii> Postal Clerk Training School.

Schools are established in all States to train staff in postal,, telegraph and telephone activities undertaken at post offices, and also in those services provided at post offices on behalf of other departments and instrumentalities. These schools were established initially in 1944, and, except for the years 1958 and. 1959, have been conducted each year since then. Prior to 1944, officers were required to obtain the necessary qualifications in their own time and at their own expense, but telegraph equipment and books of instruction were made- available: by the department at the officer's local post office:

The- training course, reintroduced at the beginning of. I960 following, ai two-year break, now provides for a period of training of 32 weeks. Half of this-, time: is spent in' the- class-room and half is devoted to- on-the-job training, at selectedpost offices.

During the 1960 calendar year, 425 trainees attended the schools, where the; total instructional staff was 32, or the equivalent of one instructor to every thirteen trainees.

The cost of conducting these schools in 1960 was estimated at £233,000, which includes an amount o£ £200,000 for salaries paid to instructors and trainees. (iv)- Mau. Officer Training School.

Schools for training mail officers have been established in all States since 1930 (New South Wales and Victoria), 1937' (Queensland and South Australia) and 1946 (Western Australia and Tasmania). Ifr some States there have been periods when the schools have been closed temporarily, but ali schools have been functioning during 1960. Training is given in mail handling and sorting- operations.

Class-room training is conducted over a period of eight weeks, but the overall duration of each course is extended slightly- on occasions to permit of a small amount of on-the-job training being incorporated.

During the 1959-60 financial year a total of 1,350 trainees passed through the schools. As at 30th June, I960; 189 trainees were " on course " and the number of instructors employed was. nine, or the equivalent of one instructor to every 21 trainees.

The cost of conducting these: schools in 1959- 60 was £155,605, which includes an amount of £154,532 for the salaries paid to instructors and trainees.

(v)   Telephonist Training School.

Classroom training of telephonists is conducted in schools located in each capital city and, on occasions, in major provincial centres such as Newcastle and Launceston. The schools were established prior to the second world war and are conducted either continuously or periodically as determined by staffing requirements.. During 1959-60, schools were conducted continuously in Sydney, Melbourne and Adelaide, and for varying periods in other capital cities, for the purpose of instructing new staff in. telephone switchboard operating techniques and procedures.

As a general rule, training is given over a period of six weeks, and,, during 1959-60, 970 girls passed through the training schools. As at 30th June, I960,, 52 trainees were " on course " and the number of instructors was eight, or the equivalent of one instructor to every six trainees.

The cost of conducting these schools in 1959- 60 was £95,092, which includes an amount of £78,066 for the salaries paid to instructors and trainees.

(vi)   Phonogram Operator Training School.

Classroom training of phonogram- operators is conducted in schools located in each capital etty except Hobart. These schools were established in 1944 due to the necessity to recruit phonogram operators from sources other than the permanent ranks of the department. Prior to that date partial training was given, but the method of instruction depended upon the facilities available, and in some cases . no extended training was possible before the employee undertook phonogram duties.

During 1959-60, a school was conducted continuously in Melbourne, and for varying periods in other capital cities, for the purpose of instructing new staff in techniques and procedures associated with the receipt and transmission of phonograms and other telegraph traffic transmitted by telephone..

Training is given over a period of five weeks, and'; during 1959-60, 169 trainees passed through the schools. As at 30th June, 1960, 28 trainees were " on course " and the number of instructors was three, or the equivalent of one instructor to every nine trainees.

The cost of conducting these schools in 1959-60 was estimated at £13,000, which includes an amount of £12,750 for the salaries paid to instructors and trainees.

(vii)   Accounting Machinist Training School.

Since 1956, schools have been established in New South Wales and Victoria to instruct girl's from all departments in the operation of a basic type accounting machine. In Victoria, trainees are also taught touch typing up to approximately 20 words per minute to fit them for subsequent advancement to the more complex type accounting machines having a typewriter keyboard incorporated, but in New South Wales typing instruction is received in the Typist-in-Training School conducted by the Public Service Inspector. In other States; girls desirous of advancement to positions of accounting machinist attend evening classes conducted; by the Postal Institute. Advantage is taken in all States of any free tuition offered by business houses and, on occasions, where a course has been conducted by the Public Service Inspector, this department has participated.

In the schools conducted in New South Wales and Victoria, training is. given over a period of fifteen weeks, accounting machine only, and 24 weeks, accounting machine and typing, respectively. Trainees spend' less than 50 per cent of their time in the classroom, the remainder being spent on-the-job where practical training is arranged if possible.

During 1959-60, 121 trainees passed through the schools. As at 30th June,1960, 30. trainees were " on course. " and the number of instructresses was two, or the equivalent of one instructress to every fifteen trainees.

The cost of conducting these schools in 1959-60 was £9,609,. which includes an amount of £8,270 for the; salaries paid; to instructresses and trainees.

(d)   Wherever possible training facilities are shared with other departments. The training schools for accounting machinists in New South Wales and Victoria are attended by trainees from all departments in these States-, the local Public Service Inspector's office being the co-ordinator.

(e)   The training schools listed above have been functioning for many years for the purpose of producing operatives qualified to. perforin efficiently the duties of the position to which promotion or advancement will be made. At the outset, the curriculum of each course was designed to teach the basic knowledge and skills required in this direction and. over subsequent years, each curriculum has been revised regularly to ensure that training has kept pace with changing conditions and, industrial awards, &c., influencing the duties actually performed on the job.

Training; policy in respect of techniciansintraining and linemen-in-training. is. determined within the central administration of the Engineering Division, and passed to State administrators where the schools; are actually located. Training activities in the States are controlled by a divisional engineer, and each school is under the direct charge of a senior instructor.

Training policy in respect of the nonengineering schools shown is determined in the central administration by the Principal Training Officer, Personnel Branch, in conjunction with the division or branch head concerned, and implemented in State training schools by the Senior Training. Officer, Personnel, Branch, in co-operation with", the State head of branch. Each school is directly controlled by a training officer or instructor/ instructress.

(f)   Public Service Act.

(g)   Continued research into the methods of selecting: trainees for entry into the department's, training schools is conducted with the aim. of reducing the costs of staff wastage during training.

(h)   Concise information regarding departmental training activities is given in the following publications: -

Annual report of the Postmaster-General.

Public Service Board's annual report to Parliament.

Annual report of the Personnel Branch, PostmasterGeneral's Department.

Bi-monthly Bulletin produced by the Engirneering Division, Postmaster-General's Department.

During 1950, a committee constituted by the Public Service Board to inquire into technical training in the Postmaster-General's Department produced' a report on the nature and scope of training given to technicians-in-training and linemenintraining, to that date.

(i)   In showing training costs each year since 1944, the cost of conducting the department's permanent training institutions has been combined with other training costs and listed "H " under the functional headings of -

(a)   Engineering and technical.

(b)   Postal.

(c)   Telephone.

(d)   Telegraph.

(e)   General

The training costs for other years do not relate only to those courses conducted during 1959-60. Since1944,. there has been a number of training schemes conducted to meet specific needs over certain periods, but these have been discontinued as warranted by circumstances. The figures shown represent training costs actually incurred in each of those years covering permanent training institutions, certain short-term or part-time training courses, and fees, paid to outside authorities for training given to departmental staff. Where an officer attends a part-time training course, of, for example, one or two hours weekly over, several weeks, his. salary during these short training periods is. debited against his, normal branch classification account and not against training costs.. Nevertheless,, a cost control system has been introduced over recent years which provides for an assessment and control of training costs in respect of each designation group where parttime, or short-term training is involved.


(j)   Normal in-service training, specialist training in post office management, public relations, foremanship, correspondence, stores, procedures, safety, &c, and for inspectors, supervisors (mail) and traffic officers, &c. Apprenticeships are available.

A limited general education service including correspondence courses is available through branches of the Postal Institute established in all States. The institute receives some assistance from the department but it is mainly a staff organization and the charge to students covers instructors' fees. Courses are conducted for employees sitting for the clerical or intermediate certificate examinations or to enable staff to qualify for promotion or advancement as typist, accounting machinist, senior technician, &c.

(k)   Cadetships in engineering are offered.

Department of Primary Industry.

(a)   to (i) Nil.

(j)   Normal in-service training.

(k)   Cadetships in veterinary science and agricultural science are offered.

Prime Minister's Department.

(a)   to (i) Nil.

(j)   The department makes use of the Public Service Board's course.

(k)   The Commonwealth Literary Fund awards fellowships to persons who have proved their capacity to do creative work in the field of literature. These fellowships are awarded to persons who have submitted proposals for a literary project. At present the value of a fellowship is approximately £1,000 and usually three are awarded each year. The purpose of the fellow ship is to enable the writer to devote sufficient time to complete the project for which the fellowship was granted. The fund also assists in the publication of some manuscripts which have outstanding literary merit. Literary quality is the dominant criterion in providing such help. Insofar as scholastic works can and do on occasion have literary merit, the fund's activities in this particular field have some significance in education and research. The Office of Education is concerned with activities in a number of educational fields but does not itself conduct any educational institutions or carry out any programmes of training. The office was created by the Education Act of 1945 and its estimated expenditure for 1960-61 is £222,600. The office is concerned with international relations in education, language work and migrant education programmes, the provision of information and advice on aspects of Australian education and with the secretariat work of the Commonwealth Scholarships Board and the National Advisory Committee for Unesco. It also plays a part in the administration of training schemes for students from overseas, e.g., training under the Colombo Plan. In carrying out these functions the office works in very close co-operation with other government departments and with State education departments. This is particularly so with migrant education, the administration of the Commonwealth Scholarship Scheme and the various international training schemes. The office also has the responsibility for expenditure on the Commonwealth Scholarship Scheme, estimated at £2,487,000 in 1960-61; the scheme of Commonwealth co-operation in education, estimated at £50,000 in 1961; and the

Australian International Awards Scheme, estimated at £28,000 in 1960-61.

Public Service Board.

(a)   The Public Service Board, as the central personnel authority for the Commonwealth Public Service, has a general responsibility for training and educational matters in the service. The nature of the board's participation or control varies with the scheme in question,but as far as possible, departments are encouraged to provide their own training in accordance with their individual requirements. To this extent, the board exercises a general oversight over departmental training, acting as an adviser and providing assistance as required. In addition, the board provides training for departmental officers in a number of specialized and general fields, arranges conferences of training staff, provides a central information service on training matters and conducts a variety of educational schemes. These activities are directed, as with a number of other functions of the board, towards improving the overall efficiency of the service but are not administered through any special educational institution. The following organizations and schemes can be distinguished: -

(i)   The Training Section, which is responsible for service-wide training, as well as Colombo Plan and United Nations training. The latter is treated as a separate scheme under (vii) below.

(ii)   University Free Place Scheme - full and part-time.

(iii)   Post-graduate scholarships - Australia and overseas.

(iv)   Financial assistance for (a) short courses; (b) study projects, Australia and overseas.

(v)   Research fellowships at Australian National University.

(vi)   Typist-in-training schools at Sydney, Melbourne, Hobart, Canberra and Darwin.

(vii)   Colombo Plan and United Nations training.

(b)   (i) The functions of the Training Section (Commonwealth Service training) include -

(1)   Provision of central courses for departmental officers in a number of specialized and general fields of Public Service management (e.g. general administration, personnel and establishment, supply and stores, organization and methods, automatic data processing systems, &c). Representatives from Commonwealth statutory authorities are also invited to attend these short courses.

(2)   Advice and assistance to departments in the organization of their internal training programmes to ensure that their training activities arecarried out efficiently.

There are seventeen training staff in the board's central and State offices, engaged on in-service training, apart from Colombo Plan activities. There are also four officers with combined training and recruitment duties. Student strength at the board's major courses for the financial year 1959-60 was 400, excluding the various ad hoc courses - new entrants, supervisors, counter staff, &c. A list of the principal courses conducted during that year and the student strength for each is given under (c).

(ii)   The University Free Place Scheme permits selected permanent officers of the Third Division, and officers qualified for transfer to that division, to undertake full-time final year or part-time university courses, which must be appropriate to the work of the department and the service. At present, 159 officers are being assisted financially by the board in this way, and of these, seven are full-time students.

(iii)   The post-graduate scholarship scheme provides opportunities for officers to participate in post-graduate studies in Australia and overseas for periods up to two years. Studies may consist of formal courses at universities or other institutions. This year, nine officers are studying under this scheme.

(iv)   Financial assistance is provided to officers undertaking short courses of a specialized nature at the request of their department. The board also grants financial assistance to officers proceeding on leave without pay to do post-graduate work, where the emoluments otherwise available are inadequate. In determining these grants, the Board takes into account the value of the proposed study to the service. During 1960, approval was given to about 40 officers to undertake short courses and to ten officers to engage in study projects under various fellowships or scholarships such as Fulbright awards, Carnegie grants, Commonwealth Fund fellowships, Ac.

(v)   Fellowships at the Australian National University are available for one year to senior officers of substantial experience who would benefit from a period of reading and supervised writing on a research topic. The primary purpose of the fellowships is not to enable officers to obtain a higher degree, but to provide them with the opportunity to make a worth-while contribution to a particular field of research. Such research, chosen by the fellow in conjunction with his department and the university, must be of interest and benefit to both the university and the Commonwealth Service. Three fellowships will be available in 1961.

(vi)   The typists-in-training schools provide for the full-time training of typists and stenographers for the Commonwealth Service. The student strength at the various centres at 30th June, 1960, was -


Teaching staff at Sydney is four, and at Darwin one. In Hobart, staff is supplied by the Technical College and the board makes a contribution to cost. In Canberra, staff is supplied by the Technical College under the control of the Department of the Interior.

(vii)   The Colombo Plan and United Nations section of the board's staff provides training in most phases of government administration for fellows visiting Australia under the Colombo Plan and other international technical assistance schemes. Training facilities are provided through the 'various 'Commonwealth and State departments and the local government authorities. There are .fifteen full-time training officers in the ,board's central and State offices engaged on this training. .During .the financial year 1959-60, 185 fellows completed their training, and at the end df that period 'there are "306 -active cases, -that is, on course or being 'negotiated.

(c)   (i) Residential and other courses conducted by the board during the year 1959-60 are listed -in the table below, which also shows the student strength, and the year -in which each course was -introduced.


In addition to the above programme, 'the board's central and State offices provide short courses for new entrants to the Service in the smaller departments and branches.

The total direct cost of all training activities undertaken by the Training Section, including assistance to departments, for the year '1959-60, was as .follows: -


(ii)   The university free-place scheme was introduced on a sma'll scale in 1928. The cost of the scheme in 1960 is £5)600 for payment of university fees.

(iii)   The post-graduate scholarship scheme was introduced in 1937 but suspended at the outbreak of war until 1948. The cost of the .scheme in I960 is £5,600 for travelling expenses and university fees.

(iv)   The financial assistance scheme commenced in 1949. The cost of the scheme in 1960 is £6,700 -to cover fees for attendance at specialized courses.

(v)   The cost of the Australian .National University fellowships is borne by the Australian National University. The fellowship scheme was instituted in 1959. (vfl The .cost of the typist-in-training scheme for 1960 is '£28,500, consisting of salaries for instructors and trainees and miscellaneous expenses such as -stationery -and materials. (The scheme was introduced in the States in 1949 and in Darwin in 1956.

(vii)   The Colombo Plan training scheme was introduced in 1951. The total salaries of fulltime staff on Colombo Plan and United Nations training for 1959-60 was £20,985 which was borne by the Department of External Affairs.

(d)   (i) The board's central training programme covers the common areas of public service management. This programme is 'therefore complementary to training conducted in departments. Co-ordination is arranged through inspections and the normal administrative processes, as well as through conferences of all senior training staff of the service, held at regular intervals. Departments are invited to nominate officers for attendance at the board's central courses. Within limits, officers from the State Public Service as well as from statutory authorities, private organizations, and overseas countries, through the Colombo Plan, are .invited to participate regularly in the board's higher administrative courses. By special arrangement between the State and Commonwealth Public Service Commissioners, courses are held from time to time in which officers from all the Australian Public Services participate. The first of these was a course for assistant secretaries held in 1957 and the most recent was held in 1959 for senior administrative officers.

(ii)   Departmental officers are selected for university free places by a selection committee consisting of a representative each of the Public Service Board, the Department and the university.

(iii)   Selection for post-graduate scholarships and study projects is by .a selection committee COnsisting :of a representative each of the Public

Service Board,theDepartment of the Treasury and the Commonwealth Office of Education.

(iv)   For short courses where an officer undertakes a short course of a special nature at the request of a department, the full cost of the course may be met by the department provided the cost does not exceed £20 for any one person and the time off involved does not exceed five hours per week. Where anofficer undertakes a short course of study in his own time, which the department considers would substantially increase his efficiency, consideration will be given by the board to a refund of half of the fees provided the cost of the course does not exceed £20.

(v)   Applicants for fellowships must first obtain sponsorship from their departments. By sponsoring an officer, departments indicate their willingness to release him for the period of the fellowship and pay him full salary during that period. Departments then submit their nominations, which are considered by a selection committee, comprising representatives of the university, the Department of the Treasury and the Public Service Board.

(vi)   Co-ordination of typists-in-training activities is solely a matter for the board.

(vii)   In the field of government administration the training of all Colombo Plan and United Nations fellows is co-ordinated by the board, and training programmes are arranged in appropriate Commonwealth and State departments, statutory authorities and local government bodies.

(e)   (i) All in-service training programmes are designed with the broad objective of promoting greater efficiency in the service. The scope of training programmes, both board's and departmental training, is based essentially on the needs of officers at various levels and throughout all stages of their careers. In general, training programmes aim 'to improve an officer's knowledge, skills and attitudes, as well as to prepare staff for higher responsibilities according to their aptitudes and talent.

(ii)   to (v) The scope and curriculum of courses for officers selected to undertake university work at both undergraduate and post-graduate levels are set down by the particular university attended. For short courses, the scope and curriculum vary with the course chosen and range over a wide field such as draughtsmanship, data processing and work simplificataion.

(vi)   Typists-in-training courses are designed to provide a general training in the skills of typing - 30 to 35 words a minute - and shorthand - 80 words a minute - in the shortest possible time.

(vii)   Colombo Plan and United Nations' training is based on the specific needs as expressed in the nomination papers submitted to the board. In general, visiting fellows are nominated individually or in small groups to undertakea specific training course, as well as training on the job.

(f)   Section 17 of the Public Service Act is the board's authority for all these educational and training -activities affecting the service as a whole. Colombo Plan training activities stem from the original agreement entered into by the countries participating in the Colombo Plan; the general level of training activities is determined by the Department of External Affairs and provided for in the annual Estimates submitted to Parliament each year.

(g)   None at present.

(h)   The board's -annualreports give an account of its training and educational activities during each financial -year. Special training publications include: -

(1)   Programmes for each training course conducted; (2)Training handbooks,of which the following are now available: -

Career Service.


Operation of the Registry.

Records and Archives Management.

Serving the Public.

Better Teaching (a handbook for guest lecturers).

Tricks of the Trade (a handbook for typists).

Work Improvement.

Training Officers' Guide.

(3)   'Documents ona wide variety of subjects in the general field of Public Service management;

(4)   O. and M. Manual - for practising O. and M. officers.

Notifications are published in the "Commonwealth Gazette" from time to time covering the specific scholarships and educational schemes.

(i)   (i) As thetraining section is an integral part of the board's organization, a separate statement of all costs 'for the section's activities is not available. However, the direct costs, including salaries of full-time training staff, for in-service training and associated activity have been obtained for a sample number of years over the period mentioned, to -enable the trend of expenditure to be understood. These costs are -


(ii)   to (v) Detailed costs of the board' s educationalscheme are not avaliable before 1951. Since then actual expenditures by the board have been -


(vi)   Costs of the typists-in-training 'schemes are not available before 1956. Since then the -expenditures by the board have been-


(vii)   Colombo Plan training activities are financed from Colombo Plan funds through the Department of External Affairs. (See (c) for details of salaries in 1959-60.)

(j)   No training or educational activity is conducted specially for the board's staff. The board's officers participate, on the same basis as those of departments, in the training programme provided annually by the board for the Commonwealth Service as a whole.

(k)   See previous answers. In addition to the scholarship and other schemes administered by the board, use is made of such institutions as the Australian Administrative Staff College, the Melbourne University Summer School of Business Administration, short courses of the Australian Institute of Management, technical colleges, institutes of technology, Ac. The Australian National University has provided fellowships which have been available to members of the Commonwealth Public Service and overseas fellowships made available by the Fulbright, Harkness, Carnegie, Rockefeller and other foundations have also been used. The board also determines the conditions governing the award of a number of cadetships in various university faculties. The type of cadetship, number selected in 1959-60 and the number of cadets in training at 30th June, 1960, are detailed on page 14 of the Public Service Board's thirty-sixth report

The board also has an overall responsibility for determining conditions of, and administering Commonwealth Service cadetships. Actual daytoday administration of the cadets-in-training is, however a function of those individual departments which have the board's approval for cadetships in their respective organizations.

Most of the currently approved cadetships are provided for purposes of training in professional designations and require completion of a university degree or a recognized technical college diploma as part of the approved course. Cadetships in all fields of engineering are regularly available in the Postmaster-General's Department and the Departments of Civil Aviation, Supply and Works. Cadetships requiring completion of a science or allied degree or diploma are normally available in the following departments for the fields of study indicated -

Health- Biochemistry.

Supply - Chemistry, physics and other fields relating to defence science.

Interior - Meteorology and surveying.

Primary Industry- Veterinary science.

In addition to these a variety of cadetships in other departments provide for completion of professional qualifications in the following areas: -

Works - Architecture and quantity surveying.

Health- Medicine.

National Development - Geology and geophysics.

Territories - Agriculture.

Attorney-General's - Science or engineering as relating to examination of patents.

Cadetships not in the specifically technical fields, but which require completion of a specified degree or diploma, include-

(a)   Cadet education officers in the Commonwealth Office of Education who are required to have or obtain a degree in any one of a number of faculties and to complete a diploma of education;

(b)   Cadets (Statistics) who are required to complete an honours degree in one or more of the fields of statistics, mathematics or economics, together with departmental training and instruction in the Bureau of Census and Statistics; and

(c)   Cadets (Agricultural Economics) who as from the beginning of 1961 are being recruited for the division of Agricultural Economics, Department of Primary Industry, to complete a degree course in agricultural economics or a directly related field together with departmental training and instruction.

(d)   Recruitment to position of cadet (Personnel) and cadet draftsman has now ceased, although there are still cadets in training.

The types of cadetships available, the number selected in 1959-60 and the number of cadetsintraining at the 30th June, 1960, are detailed on page 14 of the Public Service Board's Thirty-sixth Report.

Repatriation Department

(a)   In the New South Wales, Victorian and Queensland regions of this department training schools have been established at repatriation general hospitals for the training of student nurses. At repatriation general hospitals in New South Wales, Victoria and Western Australia, schools also exist for the training of nursing aides.

(b)   The function of the nursing training schools in repatriation general hospitals is to prepare student nurses through lectures, demonstrations and practical experience to fulfil the conditions laid down by the State Nurses Registration Board to qualify for the General Nurses Certificate. The course is of three years' duration in Victoria and Queensland, four years in New South Wales. The function of the Nursing Aide Training School is to prepare student nursing aides through lecture and practical experience to fulfil the conditions laid down by the State Nurses Registration Board to qualify for registration as nursing aide. The course is of twelve months' duration in all States. As at 30th September,1960, the staff and student strength of each institution was -


(c)   Training schools for nurses were established in Victoria and New South Wales in 1948, in Western Australia in 1949 and in Queensland in 1951. The Western Australian school which catered solely for male nurses was closed in March, 1960. Training schools for nursing aides were established in New South Wales, Victoria and Western Australia in 1959. Of the total costs of repatriation general hospitals involved in the training of nurses and nursing aides, the amounts allocated from the training vote for the year ended 30th June, 1960, were -


(d)   The syllabus and conditions of training for nurses and nursing aides are laid down by the State nurses' boards. These boards also register hospitals as recognized training institutions, inspect training and examine candidates for final registration as a trained general nurse or nursing aide.

(e)   The curriculum is planned in relation to the syllabus laid down by the State Nurses' Board. Within the institution, a tutor sister, who is responsible to the matron, is responsible for the training of nurses and nursing aides. Staff assistance is provided according to the training responsibility and student strength. General administration is the responsibility of the Branch Training Officer, and policy matters are determined by the Central Training Unit in conjunction with the Principal Medical Officer.

(f)   The Nurses' registration acts and regulations as passed by the various State Parliaments, govern the training of nurses and nursing aides.

(g)   The department has not endowed outside research bodies to carry out assignments directly related to the education of nurses or nursing aides in repatriation general hospitals. The colleges of nursing do, however, carry out research into this aspect and the department is kept informed of their activities. Departmental research in this field has been limited to recruitment, selection and wastage matters.

(h)   The annual report of the Repatriation Com mission to Parliament contains information on the department's educational activities carried out during the period of the report.

(i)   The training of nurses in repatriation institutions did not commence until 1948 in Victoria and New South Wales, 1949 in Western Australia and 1951 in Queensland. Nursing aide training commenced in 1959. Costs of each of these courses for the years since the establishment of the training are not readily available.

(j)   Normal in-service training. Specialized courses includeeffective letter writing,public relations, typing and shorthand improvement, dictation techniques, efficient reading, techniques of work simplification, clinical meetings, conferences, Post-graduate week-ends and short courses cater for the training needs of the professional, semiprofessional and technical staff groups.

(k)   Particular scholarships granted to the department are -

(i)   Four places at the College of Nursing, Australia, and the New South Wales College of Nursing for departmental nursing sisters to study for the Tutor Sisters' Diploma, certificate course in Ward Management and the Diploma of Nursing Administration.

(ii)   One place at the University of New South Wales to undertake the certificate course in Hospital Administration.

Department of Social Services.

(a)   (i) Nil.

(j)   Normal in-service training. Specialized courses for stenographers, correspondence clerks, counter staff, unemployment and sickness benefits assessors, pensions examiners.

(k)   Nil.

Department of Supply.

(a)   (0 Nil.

(j)   Normal in-service training. Specialized courses in work simplification, safety, dictation techniques and correspondence, improved reading methods, engineering supply cataloguing, TWI programmes in departmental factories. Apprenticeships are available.

(k)   Since 1948, the department has conducted a training programme whereby a number of professional officers have been sent overseas for training and experience not available in Australia, which has direct application to the activities of the department. Generally, the selected officers - approximately twelve per year - have been sent to the United Kingdom and attached for a period of one year, occasionally two years, to research establishments, including universities and, in some cases, to commercial undertakings. Cadetships in mechanical, electrical, electronic, metallurgical, chemical and aeronautical engineering, chemistry and defence science are offered.

Taxation Branch.

(a)   (i) Nil.

(j)   Normal in-service training. Specialized courses in income tax assessing, investigation, instalment inspection.

(k)   Cadetships in valuation are offered.

Department of Territories.

(a)   (i) Fifteen public schools in the Northern Territory.

(ii)   Seventeen special primary schools for semiprimitive aboriginal children in the Northern Territory.

(iii)   Australian School of Pacific Administration.

(b)   (i) Provision of general education of children to secondary standard; 120; 3380. (ii) Provision of special form of primary education for semi-primitive aboriginal children; 36; 883. (iii) Provision of training courses required for work in the Territory of Papua and New Guinea and the Northern Territory; 16 full time- total of 428 during1960, most of whom attended short orientation courses for work in Papua and New Guinea.

(c)   (i) £254,984 in 1959-60, excluding capital works expenditure; 1877- Commonwealth responsibility since 1911. (ii) £36,441 in 1959-60, excluding capital works and services and teachers' salaries; 1950. (iii) £41,380 in 1959-60; 1946- formerly Army School of Civil Affairs, established 1945.

(d)   (i) Only co-ordination required is with South Australian Education Department. This department staffs the schools and supervises their operation (ii.) Not applicable, (iii) Coordination with the New South Wales Department of Education, which provides part of the courses for trainee teachers and cadet education officers given at the school is primarily the responsibility of the Principal.

(e)   (i) The curriculum of the South Australian Education Department is followed; Supervisor of Education for the Northern Territory, an officer appointed by the South Australian Education Department, (ii) A special syllabus designed for the schools by the Commonwealth Office of Education is followed. This is. adjusted as required by. the. Northern Territory Welfare Branch; Director of Welfare, under the direction of the Administrator. (iii) The courses and curricula are planned by the School Council, which has the function of. advising the Minister on this; the Principal of the School (0 (i) Education Ordinance 1957-1959. (ii)

Welfare Ordinance 1953-1960. (iii) Papua and New Guinea Act 1949-1960. Australian School of Pacific Administration Regulations.

(g)   No special research agency has been established within the department or for its purposes. Research related to the policies and functions of the department is carried out in the normal course of administration as required.

(h)   (i) and (ii) Northern Territory annual reports, (iii) None. (i)-


(j)   Normal in-service training.

(k)   (a) Northern Territory students who live more than 10 miles from the nearest school are eligible for a boarding allowance of £80 per annum plus an annual return, fare. There are also twelve intermediate bursaries awarded, each year, valued at £40 per annum, book allowances for all junior secondary students of £8 per annum, and £9 per annum for post-intermediate students. Since the beginning of this year, twelve leaving honours scholarships per annum are being granted to Territory students wishing to undertake a leaving honours year in South Australia. The scholarships, which are competitive, are awarded on the results of the South Australian leaving certificate examination. The leaving honours scholarships are additional to the present boarding allowance of £80 per annum, and are valued at £50 per annum, subject to a means test. The Commonwealth also meets the cost of one return air fare, NorthernTerritory-Adelaide, per student per annum. (b) Up to three free places in the Australian School of Pacific Administration are offered each year to qualified mission teachers from Papua and New Guinea to enable them to undertake a teacher training course.

Department of Trade.

(a)   to (i) Nil.

(j)   Normal in-servicetraining.

(k)   Nil.

Department of the Treasury.

(a)   to (i) Nil.

(j)   Normal in-service training.

(k)   Cadetships in statistics are offered.

Department of Works.

(a)   to (i) Nil.

(j)   Normal in-service training; specialized courses in work simplification, communications, staff reporting, safety, public relations. Apprenticeships are available.

(k)   Cadetships are offered in architecture, civil, mechanical and electrical' engineering and quantity surveying.

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