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Wednesday, 22 March 1961

Sir GARFIELD BARWICK - I can well understand Mr. Chamberlain wishing that he had the Prime Minister leading his party. Unfortunately, Mr. Chamberlain's statement was not in accordance with the facts. I said in this House a few days ago that the policy of this country with respect to the recognition of Communist China and its seating in the United Nations had not altered. I repeat that. But I think it is very important to call the attention of the House again to the several distinctions that have to be observed in considering this matter. It is one thing to bring Communist China to the conference table to discuss disarmament outside the United Nations. I remind the House that the ten-nation committee on disarmament is a body outside the United Nations, although it has undertaken to report to the United Nations. Recognition of Communist China in the juristic sense is a different thing again. The Australian Labour Party tries to make this a simple issue, but it is not. Communist China will not accept recognition unless it has control of Formosa - unless we put the whole of the Formosan people under its control. We say again that we will not be a party to that.

The seating of Communist China in the United Nations is a different thing again, and this raises quite involved questions. At the present time, the United Nations seat ot China, as referred to in the United Nations Charter, is occupied by the Republic of China. The question strictly is not one of admitting China to the United Nations. It is a question of turning out Formosa in order to put Communist China in. Chen Yi, the Foreign Minister of Communist China, a few days ago made it quite plain in a statement - he was emphatic - that he would not entertain as a solution the recognition of two Chinas. Until some such thing is worked out, the seating of Communist China and its recognition by the United Nations are separate and quite different issues, apart from the question of recognition in the juristic sense, and, of course, quite apart again from trade, which does not rest on recognition or a seat in the United Nations, or on the admission of Communist China to the disarmament committee.

I would like to conclude by saying quite emphatically that Mr. Chamberlain's view, that the Formosans are expendable, is not the view of this Government.

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