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Thursday, 11 October 1956

Mr CALWELL - The honorable member for New England (Mr. Drummond), who has been there several times, has a full appreciation of the possibilities of the Territory and of what more we might try to do there.

Perhaps I can offer a few observations to the Minister, i do not think it is wise to encourage the children of the people of Papua and New Guinea to go to the mainland for their education, if we can provide secondary schools for them in their own country. 1 believe that we ought to do as much in that way as is possible. What the honorable member for Reid said about the technical school that we saw outside Rabaul was not an exaggeration. What we saw there, as well as what we saw outside

Samarai. near Milne Bay, was remarkable indeed. Boys who have never had any real basic education have been turned into tradesmen. They are building vessels under the supervision of our people and are doing extraordinarily well. It may be only a a dream now, but I think university colleges at Port Moresby and Rabaul could become a reality. At the moment, we are sending the bright boys and girls indigenous to the area to Samoa and other places to be educated as doctors and medical attendants. They say that they would much prefer to be educated in their own country. I believe that the Australian School of Pacific Administration ought not to be located in Sydney. It ought to be located in the area which it is intended to serve, but I understand that some of the leading people in that organization say that they will not go to Port Moresby and Rabaul to live. The highlands of New Guinea and Papua are places where any person of European descent could live, or at least take a vacation to build up his or her energies after the stress and strain of living in the more tropical, low-lying areas.

Mr Pearce - But there would be no real advantage, would there, in having this establishment located in the highlands?

Mr CALWELL - The school would be operating on the spot. The work that is being done in Sydney now is based upon the reports of people who go to New Guinea and Papua to obtain information about the conditions there.

Mr Pearce - But the work does not cover only New Guinea and Papua.

Mr CALWELL - That is the principal portion of the Pacific area in which we are interested, and that is where this school should be located.

I wish to say a few words about the United Nations missions that come to the Territory and report upon the work of the administration there. We could do what South Africa did in regard to German West Africa, and terminate our trusteeship. At times, I am irritated by reports made by some of these missions, although I must admit that the last one was reasonably fair. Some of these missions include among their members persons who have not the least knowledge of or interest in the Territory. Some of them are least fitted to tell us, for instance, when we should terminate our trusteeship. Just imagine the representatives of such young, virile democracies as Syria and San Domingo telling us how the Australian Government should administer its mandate in Papua and New Guinea! Every government in Australia's history has a proud record of administration of this Territory, and our record compares favorably with those of some of the countries from which come the persons who criticize us. In 1954, it was reported that the representatives of the United Nations missions would not travel in single-engined aircraft. They demanded aircraft with at least two engines. Practically every one who is doing a job in New Guinea flies in single-engined aircraft and takes whatever risks are associated with such flying. The honorable member for Watson, who has been to New Guinea, knows that the best planes operating there are DC3's, and we have now been told that those aircraft are not safe enough for the Duke of Edinburgh. That may well be so, but most of the people living in New Guinea consider the DC3 as we consider the Super Constellation.

I read in the last report made by a United Nations mission some criticism made by representatives of Britain and France, among other countries. Our record in regard to New Guinea is better than the record of Britain in regard to the British Solomon Islands, and it is better than the record of France in regard to New Caledonia. If they were not colonial territories of those two nations, Britain and France would be subject to a good deal of criticism regarding their administration, and the criticism could be made very much more severe than any that could be justifiably levelled against us.

Nevertheless, we are glad that United Nations representatives come to see what is being done. For my part, 1 object to the manner in which some of the newly established democracies of Asia and Africa presume to tell us what we ought to do in administering our mandated territories.

Mr Opperman - They come out fighting amongst themselves.

Mr CALWELL - Of course they do, and if members of this Parliament had the opportunity to meet the leaders of the indigenous peoples of Papua and New Guinea they would realize that those men know the problems of the Territory and are most willing to co-operate. Simogun said to me, " Why don't you see the Minister and arrange for Vuiua and me to be sent to the United Nations, where we could tell those people to mind their own business? We are perfectly satisfied with what is being done for us. No one else could do better, and we appreciate all that has been done ". I met these two gentlemen-

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