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Thursday, 1 August 1946

Mr FADDEN (Darling DownsLeader of the Australian Country party) (2:35 AM) . - Could it have been imagined that an honorable member possessing any knowledge of the coal industry, or even the most ignorant layman, would say that the by-products from coal to which honorable members have referred are imaginary, and are at present being wasted because they "go up the flue " ? Let us consider some of the most obvious by-products of the coal industry. Is any tar made in Australia ? If there is, what is the source of it? . Is it a by-product of the coal industry? Then there are heavy and light naphtha, benzine, pitch, carbolic oil, creosote oil, and fertilizers. We know that at the very foundation of the fertilizer industry, in Australia there is a by-product from coal which is recovered and commerciallized. It is with the fertilizer industry that the Australian 'Country party is most, concerned. We know very well that during the war very many rural industries, particularly the wheat industry, suffered enormously on account of their inability to obtain sufficient supplies of fertilizers. The prospects of the fertilizer industry in Australia are excellent. Does the Government intend to take means to control that important industry?. This definition appears to be innocent, but it must be' examined critically by honorable members on this side of the chamber. One could mention other important by-products. I need refer only to fertilizers,, tar, dyes, disinfectants and explosives. Other synthetic products could be related to by-products from coal. We are not prepared to" hand over to the Government the control of these important industries, by accepting this apparently innocent definition.

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