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Welcome to the program. Two

months after the crisis began

with estimates of the oil still

pouring into the Gulf of Mexico

now up to a staggering 60,000

barrels a day. President Barack

Obama has sworn to make the oil

giant BP pay for its

recklessness. He used his first

speech from the Oval Office to

try to defuse some of the

mounting pressure on his

presidency, seeking to reassure

Americans he's doing everything

he can to respond to the spill.

He's demanding that BP

establish a massive

compensation fund said to be

around $20 billion to be run by

an independent third

party. Meanwhile BP has been

accused in a congrenctional committee hearing of being more

interested in limiting its

liability than in the damage

it's doing to the Gulf and its

coastline. ABC North America correspondent Michael

Brissenden reports. Over the

course of the last 57 days the

BP oil spill has become the

worst environmental nightmare

in US history and the single

biggest political crisis faced

so far by the country's 44th

president. Make no mistake, we

will fight this spill with

everything we've got for as

long as it takes. This is the first sustained crisis he's

faced where it's gone on now

for a good two months or so.

There were individual bad days

here and there, there were

threats from the Taliban and

Afghanistan, there was the

health care negotiations on

the first one where it's going Capitol hill Hill but this is

on and on and the Government

really doesn't have an answer

for it. Oil is now washing up

in Florida, the fourth State to

be affected. And the residents

there are expressing a familiar

frustration and disbelief. We

can send people to the moon, we

should be able to do something

about this. Having stumbled at

his response for the first

month of this crisis Barack

Obama is playing catch up. He's

aware that while no-one seems

to know how to stop the oil

spewing into the Gulf, the

American public wants someone

to at least appear to be in

control of the situation and

that someone has to be him. A

lot of critics of the President

say he was caught flat footed,

that he didn't see this coming,

that he didn't have the

infrastructure in place.

History will decide that but

scrambling to try and figure clearly the White House is now

out how to look like they're

proactive. We're going to be

doing everything we can to make

sure the skimmer's out, the

booms are out and the response

to keep the ail offshore. In

the last two weeks the

President has made four trips

to the Gulf region. The latest

just hours before he delivered

the first Oval Office address

of his presidency. We will make

BP pay for the damage their

company has cost and we will do

whatever's necessary to help

the Gulf coast and its people

recover from this tragedy. In

the American political lexicon

an Oval Office speech is a rare occasion used to underscore significant and historic

events. The symbolism of this

one is clear, the President wants the American public to

believe he is lifting his

response to this crisis to

another level. I've talked to

shrimpers and fishermen who kont know how they're going to

support their families this

year. I've seen empty docks an

restaurants with fewer

customers even in areas where

the beaches are not yet

affected. I've talked to owners

of shops an hotels who wonder

when the tourists might start

coming back. The sadness and

the anger they feel is not just

about the money they've lost,

it's about a wrenching anxiety

that their way of life might be

lost. I refuse to let that

happen. You can see these

little balls. President Obama

also used the speech to assure

those left financially worse

off by the spill that they

would be compensated. Some of

those seeking compensation have

already been complaining about

BP's judgment of what is a

legitimate claim . And this

fund will not be controlled by

legitimate claims are paid out BP. In order to ensure that all

in a fair and timely manner the

account must and will be

administered by an independent

third party. Honk if you

support us. In recent weeks the

President has stepped up his

attack on BP but the company is

now being hammered hard all the

way from the Oval Office to the

prump. They said you was high

class, BP, that was just a lie

# Well you ain't never cut that

oil and you ain't no friend of

mine # Protests outside BP service stations are now common

but these operators are mostly

independent businesses where BP

itself is really feeling the

heat is in the congressional

hearing room and the criticism

has spread to the industry as a

whole. In the hearings today

all 5 oil company executives

were under fire for their

clusive and sloppy approach to

meeting safety

requirements. These 5 companies

have response plans that are

virtually identical. The plan s

cite identical response cape

abilities and tout identical,

ineffective equipment. In some

cases they use the exact same

words. We found that all of

these companies, not just BP,

made the exact same assurances.

The covers of the 5 response

plans are different colours,

but the content is 90%

identical. Like BP, three other

companies include references to

protecting walruses which have

not called the Gulf of Mexico

home for 3 million years. All

the oil companies have

inadequate response plans to

major oil spills in the Gulf

but BP is still the main

focus. The burden, the

responsibility is on your shoulders. You had the

technology, you were able

through your expertise to make

this determination and I do

believe that it's either

deliberate deception or gross incompetence.. Honing in on

BP's early underestimate of the

amount of oil spilling from the

well Democrat Edward Markey

repeatedly called for BP's

chief executive to apologise to

the people. BP, he said was

its liability than the more interested in containing

liveability on the Gul ch On

the day you are ready to

apologise. What's that? On the

day you are ready to apologise

that is the day that we can

begin to move forward and put

together the kinds of plans

that make sure this never

happens again. It was BP's

spill but it was America's

ocean. But as more than one

president has noted, oil is

also America's addiction and Barack Obama clearly hopes to

use this spill as a political

circuit breaker to secure

support for his contentious

climate bill. Last year the

House of Representatives acted

on these principles by passing

a strong and comprehensive

energy and climate bill, a bill

that finally makes clean energy

the profitable kind of energy

for America's businesses. Now

there are costs associated with

this transition and there's

some who believe that we can't

afford those costs right now. I

say we can't afford not to

change how we produce and use

energy because long-term costs

to our economy, our national

security and our environment

are far greater. The President

says the current containment

strategy should capture 90% of

the oil over the next few

weeks. But his political

problems won't be over until

the well is completely capped

because no amount of boom can

contain the anger now spreading

faster, deeper and wider than

the spill itself. Michael

Brissenden reporting from

Washington. With the Greens

increasingly likely to hold the

power of bns - the balance of

power sorry, in the Senate

after the next election,

they're about to announce

controversial legislation that

would have profound impacts on

forest products. At issue is

whether it should be deemed

clean and green in the eyes of

government to generate

electricity by burning timber

or waste timber, from both

native forests and plantation

timber. The renewable energy

targets set by government and

tradeable renewable energy

certificates are driving a

surge of investment interest in

wood-based biomass energy in

Australia and overseas looking for big new commercial

opportunities in the logging

and wood chipping of native

fore s - forests. Song for

koalas, in the spotted gum

forests of NSW' far south coast

a new anti-logging front has

formed. Since the local timber

mill, one of Australia's

largest, began singing the

praise of a new craze they call

carbon recycling. Burning wood

to produce so-called biomass

energy to supply electricity to

the district of Eden. To take

the waste that we currently

produce as part of our process

of producing wood chips and

turn that into

power. Suggestion is this will

utilise wood waste that would

otherwise be burnt anyway, a

common practice in native

forest logging. That same

argument was also presented by

the industry with respect to

chip exporting through 70s and

'8 #0s and that chip exporting

was just a sensible utilisation

of the waste and we look at

where the industry is today,

Australia wide, 80% of our

native forest log cut is wood

chipped primarily for export. Conservationists are

good at conspiracy

theories. Controlled by Japan's

Nippon paper group, fibre paper

exports last year shipd 90

tonnes of wood chip from Eden

to Japan and Taiwan for pulp

and paper production. Today the

mill remains quietly confident of winning State Government

approval for a wood-fired power

plant despite fierce resistance

led locally by a familiar face

of Australian fashion. The

saddest thing about that area

is it's been over logged for so

long and the wildlife is

disappearing. Our koalas, we've

just found we've got 30 to 50

in Mumbala State forest, that's

all they could find in 17,000

trees. By using biomass we're

basically returning to the

atmosphere the CO2 that was

originally absorbed to make

that wood so the Kyoto protocol

recognises it as carbon

neutral. In fact the carbon

emissions from a wood - from

native forest wood-fired power

would be several times worse

than the dirtiest brown coal

fired power. This is no local

skirmish. The timber industry's

claim that the Kyoto protocol, albeit controversially, has

deemed the burning of forest

timber carbon neutral is

irrefutable and so is echo ing across Australia's power

industry and the corridors of

power, indeed across the globe

in the rush to renewable energy

which is only further fueling

local interest. For example, in

the proud old Victorian timber

town of Orbost on the banks of

the Snowy River. The best solar

generator we have is the

conversion of sunlight into

some fibre product like trees

and by burning those trees,

creating a process to release

the stored energy, you can

actually get a virtually a

clossed cycle zero brns in the

carbon cycle simply by

consuming fibre that comes from

plantation or indeed is a waste

product from native forest. In

is the thin edge of the wedge.

There are proposals like this

right around the country so

this is really a test case.

This is a case for the Federal

Government now to step in and

say enough is enough. The native forests of Australia

have to be protected as carbon

stores and for their bio

diversity. What is happening to

the forestry industry today is

a serious problem of over

supply in hard wood ships

because we have both a native

forest resource and a very

rapidly maturing hard wood

plantation resource. The native

forest part of the industry

who's being displaced in this

competition for the hard wood

chip market, the native forest

part of the industry is

scrambling for new product

opportunities for the native

forest resource. Meantime the

commercial interest is rapidly

rising. In central Victoria

Australian papers' Maryville

pulp and paper mill, the nation's largest, also

controlled by Nippon Paper has

expressed its interest in

selling biomass electricity

using waste wood and wood

residues from its wood chip,

indeed the recent findings of

the Federal Government convened

pulp and paper industry

strategy group identified the

production of biomass energy as

a new growth opportunity,

suggesting native forests were

vital to achieve this growth. Companies in Europe

that are hungry for biomass are

now competing with the pulp and

paper manufacturers for

resource. It's the biggest

source of renewable energy in

Europe currently. And most of

comes from native that might, I add, that mostly

forests. What's really drive

ing this interest is State and

Federal Government renewable

energy targets and government

authorisisation of saleable

renewable energy ticket. Near

Lithgow in NSW one of the

country's biggest coal-fired

power plants, the 1,000 mega

watt wa lair rang which powers

over 2,000 homes is investing

to substitute 20% or more of

coal it burns with pemlets made from dry compacted wood chips

to be sourced from its own plantations. For each megawatt

hour that we generate of

renewable energy we can receive

a renewable energy certificate

and those can be sold on the

market and that - the price of

the renewable energy

certificates is around about

the same as the price of

electricity. So it doubles the

revenue side of the equation

and then of course there has

been some discussion about an

ETS coming in at some time in

the future. We would actually

need both the emissions trading

scheme and the renewable energy

target scheme to be in place to

get this project up. The renewable energy certificates

would - could constitute up to

50% of the income stream.

Though many environmentalists

question the accepted wisdom of

burning any trees in the

current climate and so

releasing their stored carbon

into the atmosphere. They are

particularly incensed that

tradeable renewable energy

certificates can be issued for

native forest timber if it's a

by-product of a higher value

use. Nah is a massive loophole

for the wood chip industry and

they will be looking right into

that loophole now. I have moved

twice in the Senate to remove

that loophole and will be

doing so in the period before the parliament rises for the

winter session because it's

critical that that is removed.

We need both the Government and

the Coalition to now say they

will not accept the burning of

native forests for renewable

energy. That point is

contentious enough. But a

bigger question looms larger

over this industry, which might

really ruffle feathers. Do

Australia's wood chip exporters

from native forests see a

commercial opportunity here to

turn wood chips into wood

Pellets to fuel the furnaces of

foreign power plants. Yeah,

there could be and that's the

irony of it is that as far as I

can see there's no barriers to us exporting wood for someone

else to burn in their power

plant overseas. There's going

to be a trade in what used to

be a product going to pulp and

paper that may now go to power

generation. That report from

business editor Greg Hoy. This

week two separate events will

throw a spotlight on

Australia's corruption fighting

bodies. Tomorrow Queensland's Crime and Misconduct Commission

will table its long f awaited

report on the way pris handled

the death in custody of Palm

Island man Cameroon Doomadgee

and today in Melbourne came

another mortifying chapter for Victoria's Office of Police

Integrity over its sensational

hearings of 2007. After months

of investigations and untold

air hours of telephone

recordings the OPI only

succeeded in laying purgery and

disclose ure charges against

one man, the former police

liaison office whore pleaded

guilty. Today even those

charges were dropped. What can

be learnt from Victoria's well

publicised stumbles about how

to fight police corruption.

Mary Gearin reports. Former

police media liaison Stephen

Linnell could walk away from

court with his name clear bud

that of the Office of Police Integrity has once again come

in for a battering . Millions and millions of dollars have

been spent and it transspires

the case collapses for the most

trivial of reasons and for the most incomp hence of

reasons. It is clear that the

OPI model has failed. As it's

turned out its first major

prosecution has been

characterised by failure with a

capital F. It's no doubt a blow

to the confidence in the OPI, I

think we have to recognise that

but I think it's still possible

for the OPI to turn that around

if it learns the lessons from

this episode. When the

successful sports journalist

joined Victoria police he was

sucked into its vicious back

room politics. Former

assistance commissioner Noel Ashby was his friend and mentor, at the time

conversations between the two

were caught on tapes aired by

the OPI. I had a thousand

conversations a day. Yeah,

yeah. And the answer is look, I

might have. I don't know, I

can't remember. Hey, you may

have. After denying in closed

hearings Mr Linnell eventually

admitted that he leaked

information to Mr Ashby about

Operation Briars which was

looking into alleged police

leaks in a murder

investigation. Mr Linnell had

been inadvertently tipped off

by now Commissioner Simon

Overland and thrashed out in

alleged in some quaut tors have the media last week and that is

led to the collapse of the

entire operation. Mr Linnell's

charges have been dropped on

the same technicality that lead

to the failure of the case

against Mr Ashby, that somehow

the paperwork was bungle and

the OPI investigator wasn't

properly appointed to the

hearings. Mr Ashby now says civil action could follow this

whole affair. There is advice

being obtained at the moment

from a number of sources and

certainly that is an option at

the moment. What does all this

mean for the future of the

beleaguered OPI? As it stands,

the body will be preserved and

rolled into the new Victorian

integrity and anti-corruption

commission, or VIACC. The OPI

will be part of that but will

is some further refinements. If

the OPI is rolled into VIACC in

its current format we'll be

having the same problems in 12

months, 2 years time. President

of the Australian Council of

Civil Liberties Terry owe

Gorman says the OPI shares a fundamental flaw with

misconduct commission, that Queensland's crime and

police are investigating police

from within the same

force. Where you have police

working in the OPI as part of

the oversight model, supposedly

investigating other police,

that model is broke, it doesn't

work. It's broke in Queensland,

it's broke in Victoria, it has

to be fixed up in both

states. Mr O-Gorman's Victorian

based counterpart disagreers. Michael Pearce

says it was an outsider who,

was it turns out inadequate ly,

sworn in as chief investigator

for the 2007 hearings. I can

see some basis for outsiders

but I'm not convinced

corruption that wide spread that there aren't people who

are capable to carry out those investigations. While it shows

the OPI needs to lift its game

to comply with strickted legal

requirements to justify its

wide powers it doesn't mean the

OPI needs major reform This

appears to have been a simple

clerical error, just a straight

forward human error. It doesn't

seem to me to be indicative of any deep seated problem within

the OPI. Has the OPI done

enough to justify its

existence? Probably not yet but

it hasn't been there that long

and I think we should be a

little bit more patient. In

recent days there have been

calls for an inquiry into how

the OPI treated the evidence of

Chief Commissioner overland.

Michael Pearce says the

organisation is a victim of

factional fighting still going

on within police ranks, being

played out in the

media. There's no doubt that

there is a very deep cultural divide within the Victoria

Police. We have the reactionary

old guard people and then there

are the reformers, the OPI is

seen as a target of the old

guard, they are doing

everything they can to

undermine the OPI. Terry

O'Gorman says the factional

fighting is the precise reason

why the OPI must recruit

outsiders. That way you will

get a proper investigation,

that way investigations won't

be sabotaged by one police

faction accusing another police

faction of wrong doing. As

Stephen Linnell starts to move

on with his life and career,

the OPI had no comment. Mary

Gearin reporting from

Melbourne. 18 years ago a

former gymnast set up a small

after school program for

country kids wanting to learn

circus skim - skills. The

Mullumbimby based spaghetti

circus has expanded to the tune

of 300 plus young people

enrolled an its own performance

troupe. The 14 members of that

troupe age from 13 to 25 are

about to take off on a European

tour with a series of performances including an

international festival in

London. Spaghetti, spaghetti,

spaghetti, spaghetti! It's the

count down to opening night in

Mullumbimby. Have fun, have

fun. These young circus

performers are about to stage

the premier of their show

'Teenager'. It's just bright

and colourful and fun and it's

a bit naughty and out

there. Although the spaghetti

circus has been performing in

northern NSW for nearly 20

years, tonight's performance is

special because this is the

show these country teenagers

are taking to Europe. Are Are

you nervous? No, I'm really

excited. I reckon after these 8

shows we have in Mullumbimby

we'll be so prepared. The

Spaghetti Sur kus was set up

ton outskirs of this small

northern NSW town in the early

1990s but former gymnast Leonie

Mills. It was really creating

something for local kids, to

make them feel good about where they are, being little country

kids and a lot of kids were

disadvantage ed by distance to

travel and high itin rancy rate

and things like that and it was

great, it just took off

really. Leonie Mills got the

project off the ground with a small grant under a disadvantaged schools

program. And I wanted something

for my kids that was non-competitive that was

perhaps not as stressful as

what it was when I was at

gymnastics and it was for all

kids so it doesn't matter if

you're fat or you had two heads

or 3 legs you could still do

circus because it was for

everyone really. There's

something for everyone and it's

a very tolerant art form. Two

weeks an we're going to be in

Europe, flying to Europe. For

the past 5 years the circus has

been under the artistic

direction of former

professional dancer Simon

Adams. I want you to set your

props so it's all calm. He says

the circus has come of age with

an invitation to perform at the

International jap p Youth Circus Festival in London. How

do you get a troupe in

Mullumbimby to get invited to

show in London? That's a good

question. Albert and Friends

family circus that has been

established 50, 60 years in UK

came out on a reconnaissance to

view all the Australian youth

Kir sus and came up here and

loved what we did and a month

later said we'd love you to

come over. One of the reasons

why Spaghetti Circus caught the

eye of the London Festival was

the use of this apparatus known

as a teeter board. What's so

special about that? It's

dangerous. I can see

that. We're one of the few

circuses in Australia that do

teeter board. There's only us

and the Fruit Flies that do

teeter board. For some of these

young performers the trip to

Europe is the result of a

lifetime's work. I've been

training with the circus since

I was about 2 years old. 2

years old? Yes, I just went

along once with my

mum. 18-year-old Willow Darling

is not sure if she wants to be a professional performer but

she hopes the overseas trip will help her make up her

mind. And you want to stay on

after the tour? Yeah, I want to

just be performing maybe under

a different name because I've

only been performing in

Spaghetti Circus and lit be

exciting to do something

else. What do you hope to get

out of European trip? I don't

know, lots of fun, good times,

good experience, never been out

of Australia before so pretty

excited. Welcome everybody,

come in. This evening

Mullumbimby locals are getting

their first chance to see the

show destined for Europe. We'll

be leaving in two weeks exactly

so I hope you enjoy the show. APPLAUSE

It's been the dream

forever, of course, to

eventually have it go all the

way through from these little

kids, from 6 months old to the international performing

troupe. It's just like the ultimate success story as far

as I'm concerned. APPLAUSE

Mullumbimby to London, quite a

trip. That's the program for

tonight. We'll be back at the same time tomorrow, but for now, goodnight. Closed Captions by CSI

THEME MUSIC 'Tonight on The New Inventors: should become tennis rackets, why cricket bats go fishing and increase your reach, you can play all on your own.' and soccer APPLAUSE G'day, I'm James O'Loghlin, it's an all-kicking, all-hitting, and tonight, running and jumping show, as we meet a team of inventors and improve who are all trying to change and participate in sport. the ways in which we play is a bit sporty, First to our panel - two-thirds of it indeed. one-third of it is very sporty, science journalist Bernie Hobbs, They are engineer James Bradfield Moody, and between them, our special guest judge, who at just 16, became the youngest person ever to represent Australia in TWO separate sports. And she still plays for Australia in national cricket and soccer teams. Haven't seen many men do that. Please welcome Ellyse Perry! Ellyse, there you were, in the Twenty20 cricket final, and New Zealand needed 14 off the last over and you had to bowl it. What I want to know and I don't understand this, you didn't just buckle. is why under that pressure, from the ground, Well, I summed up my exit options just far too big to escape from... and I figured that the ground was AUDIENCE LAUGH the amount of time that I had, to be given the ball. so it was actually a real thrill this is a great thrill at the time? But did you feel "Oh, I'm a bit scared." Or did you just feel, I thought, "Wow. Yeah, I did, actually, to win a World Cup." This is a chance for us That was what went through my head, I could really screw this up rather than "Oh, my gosh, and we could lose." really, really well, So I knew we'd been fielding