Note: Where available, the PDF/Word icon below is provided to view the complete and fully formatted document
Disclaimer: The Parliamentary Library does not warrant the accuracy of closed captions. These are derived automatically from the broadcaster's signal.
7.30 Report -

View in ParlViewView other Segments

(generated from captions) There's still plenty of cloud linked back to a tropical low over the Top End and there is also frontal cloud over the south-east and the corner of WAA front and associated trough is crossing through eastern New South Wales today triggering just a few showers and storms in our region. will settle down as a high pressure ridge passes south although a over the weekend. might bring further showers

Shepherd has accused Japanese 9 anti-whaling

whalers of deliberately ramming and sinking one of its boats in the Southern Ocean. That's ABC News. Stay with us for find the latest headlines 24 Report coming up next. Can you

hours a day at ABC Online. Closed Captions by CSI Tonight on the 7:30 Report

- the deadly new threat to

Africa's elephants. It is

probably more probably moing to

to China than anywhere

international smuggling else. The crackdown on

cartels. These people are armed

with AK-47s. What a victory for

Australia. And the great escape

- how Australia pulled off one

of cricket's greatest

combaevenlth We hung on to our

catches and the boys bowled

beautifully. It's an amazing

Test win for us. Close This Program is Captioned Live.

Welcome to the program. I'm

Chris Uhlmann. Those stories

shortly but first a spot light

on the nation's roads. Last

accidents involving heavy year, 243 people were killed in

vehicles, with a spate of horror fatalities in the

Christmas-New Year holiday

period. There are half a

million registered trucks

carrying 10 million tonnes of

freight across the country each

year. This compares with only 1

million tonnes by rail.

Although trucks can't Although trucks can't solely be

blamed for road toll there are

now calls to reduce the amount

of freight carvying on highway,

especially vehicles carrying

hazardous m Bow hazardous materials. Tracy

Bowden reports.

It's said that without trucks

Australiry more Australia stops. Trucks carry

more than 90% of freight

between Sydney and Melbourne

and 80% between Sydney and Brisbane. Thousands of trucks

travel the roads between the

major cities every day. Really,

we're seeing more and more

trucks competing more road

space and motorists quite often

quite rightly are fearful when

they have to share the road

with extremely large truck,

B-doubles or have to B-doubles o r have

them on country B-doubles or have to overtake

them on country roads. More

than 70 people have been killed on Australian roads this

summer, and some of the summer, and some of the morific acci horrific accidents have

involved trucks. Now a number

of transport and consumer

groups are calling for

Commonwealth action. We're asking for

Commonwealth and State

governments to amend their dangerous goods legislation so

that it bans the transportation

of dangerous goods by road. Bob

Nanva from the Rail, Tram and

Bus Union says transporting

dangerous goods by rail is not

only logical but practical. One

freight train can take 150 semi

trailers off our roads. It is

abun dantly clear that if we abun dantly clear that if

can take them off our roads we

will make them a much safer

place for families to get from

A to B. I don't think it's

practical to have all hazardous

material taken off the road. I

that. It is not have had some people suggesting

that. It is not possible. It

has to be delivered to

locations without rail. We

need to change regulations

particularly to make road

transport pay a greater share

of the cost, make more level playing field between

rail and road. Professor Bill

Russell from the Australasian

centre from governance and

management of urban transport

at Melbourne University says

governments should be work rg

harder to get petroleum and

diesel freight off Australia's

highways. We have the

infrastructure basically in

place in most towns and cities

and in the fuel terminalings in

Sydney, Melbourne and Bris Sydney, Melbourne and Brisbane.

And it's really a question of

reinstating and recommissions

that infrastructure and that infrastructure and perhaps

acquiring new rolling

stock. Last year, Shell

decided to stop using rail to

transport petrol from its

transport ps Sydney

Sydney refinery to three

regional centres. The change

follow add decision by the NSW

Government to cut a 1.2 cent a

litre subsidy for moving

freight by rail. Shell declined

the 7:30 Report's request for

an interview. It says the

decision is not related to the

subsidy but was about subsidy but I efficienc efficiency. If companies want

to pursue profits rather than

what is in the best interests

of road users, then we are

saying Governments have an

obligation to step in and pull

them into line and this's what this legislation will them into ls what this le

achieve. What the Federal

Government is doing is make ing a

a massive investment in rail

freight and that massive

investment in rail freight is

required because of the

concerns that you have concerns that you have just

raced, that many goods

transported by road might be

better off being transported by

rail. Rail in the past was not that reliable. But Federal

Government spent $2.5 billion

in upgrading the tracks between

Melbourne and Sydney and we

really needed to change the whole expectations of business

and the community that we've

got to use rail got to use rail more. Jill Lewis from the Australian

trucking soi, says it's -

Trucking Association says it's

wrong to blame trucks or wrong to blame trucks or their

drives for the majority of accidents and points out accidents and points out that

changing the transport is a changing the transport is plexish

complexish issue We need all modes of transport to come

together sotegy that together so we have a strategy

that takes us into the future

that will deliver safety that will deliver safety and

certainly an enhance our productivity because that's what Australia needs. And

according to the NSW according to the NSW Police,

despite the disastrous roal despite the disastrous road

toll in recent week, there is

no evidence that trucks are

playing a greater role in

fatalities. Certain ly at this

stage we haven't seen stage we haven't seen an

increase in truck related increase ind fatalit fatalities in the last fatalities in the last four or

five years frxs a statistical

point of view we haven't seen that occurring in that occurring in NSW 69 That

may be the case but it's

estimated that over the next

decade the demand for freight

transport in Australia will

double. Haiking the nation's

roads - maiging the nation's

roads even more crowded.

Congestion and safety issues

associated with big trucks are

going to really grow in all going to really grow in all the

eastern States and government

reality needs to be much more proactive in supporting the rail sector over the next few

years. Tracy Bowden Tracy Bowden with that

report. It might seem like report. It might seem like an

eon ago but only a month has

passed since Tony Abbott

emerged as lead over the

Liberal Party - its third two years and time two years and time is against

him. This is an election him. This is an election year

and even if it runs to term he

has 10 month s to convince

Australians that he is a better

choice to lead than the apparently unsinkable Prime Minister. I spoke with Tony Abbott late this evening. Tony

Abbott, if the Coalition can't

run itself, why should the

country trust you to run it? We

can run ourselves and this's

been evident over the last four

week. But you're the third

leader in two years. And you

only got up with half the party

vote. Yes, but, as Senator

Committee kneelry Committee kneelry famously

said, a one vote win is a land

slide in politics. Now I think

everything has changed since 1 December. Have you wasted the

last two year, the Coalition,

that is? I think we've that is? I think we've gone

through a necessary period of introspection. I now THE introspection. I now THE think

we have got our act together. We're holding the Government to account and we're developing

incredible policies. It is

realistic to think that we can

win the next election. The

country is going fairly well

after the greatest financial

crisis to hit since the Great

Depression. So where do you

beat Kevin Rudd? I think people

also understand that Kevin Rudd

is all talk and no action. Do

they? And I think people

understand that, sure, he

hasn't mucked all that much up

economically but that is

because he had a

because he had a tremendous

legacy to work with. He has

managed to turn a $20 billion

surplus into a $30 million

deficit in just 12 months. He has managed to turn a

Government that was massively

in surplus into a Government

that is massive in deficit. So

he has done a lot wrong. But I

take your point - compared to

other countries we have cruised

through the global financial

crisis. And surely the

Government can take some credit

for that. You say they've spent

all this money but they all this money but they did

that to prop up the economy and

it worked. Yes, but there is it worked. is always a

always a bill to be paid. And

in pretending that there is no

cost to this I think the people understand that Kevin Rudd basically conning them. But you

would have spent money as well.

The Coalition backed the first

stimulus package? Yes, which stimulus pach was about

was about a quart ore TV size

of the second stimulus package,

which we opposed. And it

appears to have done the

trick. But at high price. trick. But at high price. If

you look across the Tasman, New

Zealand has done just as Zealand has done just as well

it seems as Australia without

going into anything like the

same level of debt and defsies

that we have. You say the

Government has done nothing but

they've completely remade the

industrial relations system, to

national ise the system of

awards is something that your

gonlt didn't attempt. And as gonlt didn't attempt. Aneather Heather Ridout said in today's

paper they need to be extremely

careful they don't despite the

flexibility that the flexibility that the Keating

and the Howard Government put

into our workplace into our workplace system and

which have been responsible for

us getting through the global

financial crisis without the massive increase in

unemployment which other

countries have suffered. The

economy needed - needed

flexibility but everyone wanted

fairness. Sure WorkChoices was fairness. S was a

a mistake. It's dead. It's

buried. But the test was at the by the former Government by the former Government and

there's no going back by this Coalition to the excesses of

the former policies. Is

WorkChoices dead and buried?

You said at your first press

conference that the phrase

WorkChoices was dead. Is the

idea dead as well? Of course it

is. What we do need, though, is

freedom as well as fairness in

our workplaces, l. What we need

is freedom from union bullying

and that's certainly the

Coalition's policy will be

designed to ensure. Do you

think the science on climate

change is crap? This's not quite what I said. Certain quite what I said. Certain ly

the science is not nearly as

settled as the wild excel ots -

zealot s say. But, look, we

will be releasing a strong will be releasing a strong and effective climate change effective climate change policy

in just a few weeks.Ly ask you

to restrain your impatience and

wait to see what we up with. Do

you believe that man half made

global warming is a fact? In

the end this is not a question

of belief, it is a question of belief, it is a question of

fact. I keep saying that we

need more facts an less faith

in this whole argument. We

should take prude yentd repre-

cautions against - prudent

precautions against credible threats. What we threats. What we shouldn't do

is impose a great is impose a great big tax on the necessities of daily

life. That's why our life. That's why our policy

will make sense in a way that

the Government's the Government's policy doesn't. But it won't be cost

free. Of course it won't free. Of course it won't be cost free but nevertheless dl

is a lot that you can do to

reduce emission and immove reduce emission and immove the

environment that will fund

itself. So it won't be a great

big tax, it might be a

immediate yam-sized tach. What

we will do is fund sensible action, direct action on the

environment from the budge net

the ordinary way. But that

might mean you might have to

change some regulation s an

will impose cost on people. But

what we are not going to do is

to impose a great big tax on

daily life that won't improve

the environment. Do you think

you will be credible on climate

change? Clearly the electorate change? Clearly the electorateomethi wants something done about

this. And I think the this. And I think the Coalition

in Government, both under Mr

Howard and Mr Fraser, were very

credible in Federal terms on

the environment. And I intend

to maintain a strong record in

practical environmentalism. I

guard myself - regard myself as an environmentalist. My first

action in Government was to

create the Green corps which mobilised thousand of young

people fr for people fr for Federal environmental rezeration work and the interesting thing about the Rudd Government the Rudd Government sit's

basically wasted its first two

years when it comes to

environmental problems here in

Australia that we can actually

make a difference to because of

its pre occupation with climate

change. Will you really change. Will you really turn

back the boats of refugee s? We

will take strong action on border security. Now, border security. Now, that is not something turning not something turning boats

back is not something that you

would do lightly or necessarily

frequently, but you've got to

have that option at your

disposal. What if they sink

their boats? Well we would their boats? Well we would look

at each circumstance, each

situation on its own merits but

you've got to have the option

and what you have to understand

is that John Howard found a

problem, created a collusion,

Mr Rudd found a solution and

created a problem. Is 2,800

refugees a crisis. Do you refugees a crisis. Do you lly

really need to launch a

campaign against these campaign ag I people? A

people? And I understand that

the individuals themselves are

in many case s decent people

seek k a better life. But

sovereign countries have to

control their own boardsers.

They cannot be ex posed to They canwhat amounts to peaceful invasion.

The truth is that we have to wait strong action to secure

the boarders. Mr Rudd has sig

sing edly failed to do. So if we're in Government, look at us

on our report. We will take

strong action. I am in favour strong action. I am in f

of proposal foreign investment,

what I am not in favour is of

nationalisation of nationalisation of Australian

industries and if I don't

support Australian Government

ownership of Australian industries under most

circumstances, I would

certainly be pretty wary about

Chinese government ownership of

Australian businesses. This But Australian businesses. Thit

that is the way the investment

comes. Do you want that or

not? A's why we are have not? A's why we are have to

take a sensible and balance -

balance add approach to

this. Kevin Rudd says that he

wants a big Australia. Is that

what you want to see? I want to

see a strong Australia. I see a strong Australia. I want

to see Australian families

looking to the future with

confidence and I think that

families look to the future

with confidence will tend to

have more kids. Am all in

favour of that. If I also want favour oant Australia

Australia to continue to be a

country which is welcoming to

migrants, people have got to

understand that when they come

here they're joining our team.

But with Australian families

looking to month have looking to month have more

kids, and a continued sensible

immigration policy in

Australia's national interests

I think will be a bigger

countries in the years to

come. We know what you are

against. What are you for? What would Australia with Tony Abbott in charge look

like? Perhaps some people in

some doubt ought to read my

book Battleline s - For those

who don't have the time. If you

look at the book what you will look at theu will see

see is that I want to see an

Australia which has more

confidence, hor strength, more

prosperity but in particular I

want to see a fair go for

families. I want to see more patient-centred health care. I

want to see more patient power

in our health system that means

local boards running hospitals. local boards running hospit

I want to see more parent power

in our education system. That

means loek am boards having

more influence over schools. I

am in favour of democracy and

of empowering the Australian public. You look public. udd by

by contrast, what he likes is by contrast is big

big bureaucracy, big unions an

great big taxes. Finally, Kevin

Rudd is it personal between

Rudd is it personal between you

and him. You don't seem to and him. You don't seem to like

him very much? He is my opponent. He might be the best

bloke in the country, he might bloke in the country, hee

be a fantastic author of

children's book bus the fact is

he is my opponent so I am not

in the business of looking at

his good prernal quality. I am

in the business his poor in the business of expose ing his poor political his poor political quats. Tony Abbott, thank you. Thank,

Chris. It's been two decades

since the global ivory since the global ivory trade

was banned yet there are new

fears that illegal poaching is

becoming more rampant. Between becoming moetween 2008

2008 and 2009, the volume 2008 and 2009, the volume of

illegal ivory seized dubilityss

and observers say this's gist

the tip of the iceberg. Most f

it comes from Africa. Sam

Farmer travelled to witness the

poach ing first hand. And a

warning, viewers may find some

of the follow ing images

disturbing. This baby elephant

lived for movement it died of

dehydration after poachers

killed itself mother. Killed to exploit its ivory. In the last year the international price

has jumped to more than has jumped to more than $1,000

Aus kilo. Prompt ing an

unprecedented wave of poaching unprecedented wave of poacoss

across the continent. With a

pair of tusks weigh ing up to

50 kilo, each 50 kilo, each elephant represents a fortune, a temptation for many too great

to ignore. Less than a mile

away, a giant bull elephant

lies in a pool of maggots. He

is just one of 37,000 African elephants slaughtered for their

tusks each year. Two decades

ago, trade ing ivory was banned

worldwide but last year the law

was ae lxed - relaxed, allowing

lowing government stockpiles to

be sold off. Dr Esmond Bradley

Martin has been monitoring the

illegal ivory trade for the

past 30 years. It is probably

more ivory going illegally more ivory going illegally to

China than any other country in

the world. I think there is a

link between the number of

Chinese that have come into

Africa recently and elephant

and ivory purchasing. For

instance, I in around 2001 will

was something like 71,000

Chinese working in Africa. Chinese working in Africa. Now

the figure is well over 500,000

and we know the Chinese has

been caught all over fraibling

and in Kenya they've been and in Keny caught

caught coming in with ivory.

The Chinese have been carve ing

ivory for over 7,000 years and

until recently only the

middle-class people can middle-class people can buy it.

In what has been described as

many as the new colonialism and

in defiance of the global recession, China's trade with

Africa sored to more than $100

billion. A figure that is

expected to grow by a further

80% ner year. If you look at

the & all the poaching

incidents taking place in east

Africa it's where the Werners

are. There is - within are. The

truth is 50% of truth is 50% of ivory poach ing

in Kenya takes place within a

20-mile radius of Chinese road

building projects. Yet the Kenyan wildlife service, a

Government body that aspires to

be a world leader, be a world leader, seems

hesitant to point the finger at

the Chinese. At this moment I

don't want to categorically say

that I am involved but once that I am involved but once we

are through, once we crack the

kartem we will now be able to

tell you who is responsible for

the buying of the ivory . It

cannot be in conjunction with

the wildlife authorities. So

some extent we are in

control. But that is not the

view held by many of the

conservation groups. They feel

they have little choice but to

protect what elfables they are

and are now operating their own

private patrols an preparing to

respond in force. This is one

of Kenya's most effective

anti-poaching u - unit, a

70-strong heavy armed team with

a mandate of protesting 100,000

achers in Kenna. They're on

high alert after losing 52

elfian nts the last two years

and are responding to a tip-off

an elephant poacher is an eleph I operating operating nearby. Everybody

outside the conserviancy has a

weapon. Enk. They are now

starting to bring their weapons

inside the conservatory and it

is very risky because these

people are shoot without asking

any questions. We've had a

plane shot at. So these people

are very well armed - G 3s, A

K4 7s because the price of

Avery is - rivesy 12,000

KG. The doubt is pushing as

many as 23 million people many as 23 million people to

the brink of starvation. Crops

have failed, tens of thousands

of battle and of battle and goats have died

and international appeals

remain underfunded. This is

just one of the many child

feeding facing sstate er aid

cross the region, providing

welcome yet tempry relief. But

for adults poaching is the most

attractive option available.

Else innon was orphaneded as a

young boy and started poaching.

Last month he was caught red

handed but was offered a pardon

in exchange of becoming a member of a private

anti-poaching unit. He describe

s how he kill ed the elephants.

TRANSLATION: I took about an

arrow and dipped the head of

the arrow in strong poison and

I strike it at its rib cage and

it dies within minutes. He then

sells the ivory to a local

broker, who pass it on to a

Chinese tradiner Mombasa. 134

Chinese nationals have been

arrested in Africa trying to

smuggle illegal ivory back home

and in the last few - this haul

is the largest ever discovered is the largest ever discov

on Kenyan soil, 703 kilos. It

was found in a car driven by

these two men and owned by an

ex Kenyan member of Parliament.

The ex-MP has denied it's his

car, despite proof of

ownership. The drivers were

forced to pay a fine of $250 forced to pay a fine of $2 which

US, which stands as small

deterrent. If poaching

continues at current levels, experts predict the extinction

of elephants across most of sub

Saharan Africa within the next

15 years. Without a concerted

international effort to stem

the resurgence of ivory

poaching, images like this will

soon become a thing of the

past. And finally the glorious

uncertainty of sport - when play began this morning in play began this morning in the second Test between Australia

and Pakistan few people gave

the homeside any chance of

victory. Ricky Ponting men were

placed precarely with only a

slender 80-run lead and

Pakistan yet to bat bat but by

day's ends they had pulled off

one of the best comeback's in

one of the best comeback'st

Test history winning by 36

runs. I spoke earlier to Jim runs. I spoim Maxwell a

Maxwell at the SCG. When Maxwell u got

got to the ground this got to the ground this morning

how did you rate Australia's

chances? Ant 50 to 1

probably! I don't think they

really had much chance. It was

the unless. And the un less

happened because Siddle and

Hussey got in and they made a

score. Last night we were

saying maybe 120, 130 they could defend that but it just

didn't look likely last night

that they'd everyone get to

that position. They stole the

game! Did Australia win this

game or did Pakistan lose it? Pakistan slaughtered it? Pakistan slaughtered it.

Absolutely slaughtered it. Some

bereft captaincy from Mohammed

Usuf who didn't attack either

batsman at the start. They

didn't get the idea of bowling

short to him for a couple of

hours an then when they did

Umar Akmal dropped the catch

down the leg side. So it was a huge missed opportunity huge missed opportunity by

Pakistan even having been set

176 on a pitch that wads pretty

true, their batting imploded in

the face of some spirited Australian bowling and Australian I fielding.

fielding. That was a big factor

in the game. Australia caught almost everything that went

their way and Pakistan dropped

too many chances through their

wicketkeeper and that helped

Australia. It was an astonishing Australian Victoria

I have and Pakistan's inexperience, whatever you want

to call it, lack of high

quality leadership, was all

apparent there unfortunately on

the final day. And they true

the game away really. It is a

cliche to say that catches win cliche to ses win matches

matches but Australia took some

spectacular ones. Brad Haddin

is down the legside, it wasn't

a particularly memorandumable

ball from Johnson. It was one

of nine he took in the in game

and the one that Nathan Hauritz

took. The ball almost took. The ball almost went

through him like the meteor

coming back from Mohammed Isu

furkz that was the crucial

wicket was Australia was trying

to keep the pressure up. From

the siem Mohammed Usuf went

they were a pretty good chance

even though Umar Akmal played

very. We Australia didn't miss

a chance. Some of Australia's

weaknesses were exposed in this

Test, particularly how they

when the ball moves. They're

probably not the only ones.

There it is fair to say that we

don't often get conditions like

that in a Test match. And that in a Test match. And I

think you'd find that most

teams playing in those

conditions be dismissed. Maybe

not for - not as many, maybe

more than Australia. But when

the ball moves around these

days most of the teams get out,

they go hard at the ball,

they're not used to lying and

being Judiious. They like to

attack and that's great to

watch. But it requires more

patience and skill about know

ing when to leave and when to

play if you're going to flai.

Australia got through to win Australin the game

the game but there are a few

gods on their side today. Isn't

it great to see the ball

movinging around and bowlers on

top because we've gotten used

to games where the batsman are

on top. We want more pitches

like this one at the SCG gsh a

bit of grass, an opportunity

for there to be an equal contest between bat and the

ball. This is one of the issues

that Test cricket has been

facing in recent times. High

scoring series on the sub

continent. It is not a good continent. It is not a gook

look for the people. But here

in Australia you would have to in Australi say for

say for the most part we're

producing pitchers that do get

results over five days. This

this was very much the result

pitch - it had pace and bounce. How did you feel at the

ends of the day and how do you

rate this win? It was a

wonderful win. You look at it

from the Australian view point to come back from where they to come back from where the

were and to win says a lot

about the character and the

quality of the side. You can't deny ponting on that score

he continued to improve hiss he continued to improve hirall overall wing record in Test

match cricket. Tact clir he may

not always get it right but not always get it right but he

has a spirited side and a lot

of belief in his players. It

was an astonish ing to see them

clinch the series and from here

you'd imagine they would make a

clean sweep of it in

Hobart. Great day, great call.

Thank you. Pleasure. That's

stumps for this program but we

will be back at the same time tomorrow night. For tomorrow night. For now,

goodnight.

Closed Captions by CSI Yours? Fine. Ben, do you remember the time when we used to ask about each other's days and actually care about the answer? I say "yes" here, don't I? I'm serious. Yeees, of course I remember. I remember coming home from work and no matter what sort of day I had, you'd spend ages asking me how it went. And I'd, I'd do the same for you. God, those conversations used to drag. You're not kidding. Ben, do you think we're becoming too safe as a couple? Too predictable? Speak for yourself, I'm a lone wolf, a maverick, wild card. I don't play by society's rules, I... You're making crumpets? Ooh. Why can't you admit it? We're both settling into a comfortable...