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ABC News Special: 9/11 Remembered -

View in ParlView

(generated from captions) (Taps played). You're watching live pictures of

pictures of the September 11

memorial service at New York's

Ground Zero on this the 10th anniversary of the terror

attacks on the United States.

Hello, I'm Ali Moore. We now

welcome ABC1 viewers to our

coverage of 9/11 Remembered.

Our Our correspondent Scott

Bevan is in New York above

Ground Zero. Scott, there are

those who would like to see

that name pass into

history. Indeed, Ali. Good

morning or good evening there. Mayor Michael Bloomberg has

said in comments, press

comments, that he would like to

special place in New York and

to all around the world, to be known as known as the National September

11 Memorial, not as Ground

Zero. For those who have lived

with this every day for 10

years, that will be hard to

change, to take out of the

vocabulary and out of their

hearts. The ceremony in which

that memorial will be officially dedicated has begun.

We saw the papers come in a moment ago including fire

brigade papers from the New York

York fire department and a of those guys along with two

Australian firefighters and

there was also going to be

coming up moments of coming up moments of silence,

including Bloomberg holding a citywide moment of silence.

There will be a success of moments of silence acknowledging each moment that the tragedy unfolded, this succession

succession of tragedies. There

will also be speeches,

readings, readings from

President's Obama and Bush,

George W Bush, who of course

was presiding on that day 10 years ago. There will also be musical performances ranging from a cello performance from Yo-Yo Ma to performance from Yo-Yo Ma to a

proud New Yorker Paul Simon who

will be playing the sounds of

silence. That's probably a

very appropriate song given the silence that will be pervading

here during the ceremony.

Let's have a look at some of

the pictures that are coming in

from Ground Zero with this ceremony.

(Sings) # Oh say, you can

see by the dawn's early light, so proudly see by the dawn's early light, so proudly we hail that the twilight's last

Oh, say, does that star

spank gelled banner yet wave.

Over the land of the free Over the home of the brave. Of the brave.

APPLAUSE.

Quick march.

Scott Bevan in New York, you

can take us through what's

happening now and what we can

expect during this service?

Ali, we just heard from the

Brook lend youth chorus with an extraordinary rendition of

National Anthem and the spans r

strains of the Star Spangled Banner washed over The World

Trade Centre site and came up

10 stories to where all of us

were. It was just

extraordinary. The pipes and

drums have marched in and led

around the site and in a moment we'll be hearing from Mayor

Michael Bloomberg and he will

be calling for a citywide

moment of silence.

and most significant will be at

8.46 and 40 seconds, precisely

the time the first plane hit

the tower. Morning turned into the black questions of nights.

Since then we've lived in

sunshine and in shadow although

we can never unsee what

happened here, we can also see

that children who lost their parents have grown into young adults, grandchildren have been

born and good service have taken root to

honour those we loved and lost.

In all the years that Americans

have looked to these ceremonies we have shared both we have shared both words and

silences. The words of writers

and poets have helped express

what is in our hearts. The

silences have given us a chance

to reflect and remember. In

remembrance of all those who

died in New York in 1993 and

2001, at the Pentagon, and in the fields Pennsylvania, the fields near Shanksville Pennsylvania, please join in

observing our first moment of

silence. ( (Bell tolls).

God is our refuge and

strength. A very present help

in trouble. Therefore, we will

not fear even though the earth

be removed and though the mountains be carried

midst of the sea. Although its

water roar and be troubled

although the mountains shake with its swelling, there's a river, the stream shall made

glad the city of God. The holy place of the tabor in of

the most high. God is in the

midst of her. She shall not be

moved. God shall help her just

at the break of at the break of dawn. The

nations raged, the king

documents were moved, he

uttered his voice, the earth

melted. The Lord melted. The Lord of hosts is

with us. The God of Jacob our with us. The God of Jacob is

our refuge. Come, behold, the

works of the Lord who has made

desolations in the earth. He

makes wars cease to the end of

the earth. He breaks the bow

and cuts the spear in two, he

burns the chariot in fire. Be

still and know that I am God.

I will be exalted among the nations, I will be exalted in

the earths. The Lord of hosts

is with us, the God of Jacob is

our refuge. They our refuge. They were our

neighbours, our friends, our

husbands, wives, brothers, sisters children and parents. They were the ones who rushed

in to help. 2,98 3 innocent

men, women and children.

have asked their families to

come here to speak the names

out loud to remind each of us

about the person we lost in New

York, in Washington and

Pennsylvania. They each had a

face, a story, a life cut short

from under them. As we listen, let us recall the words of

Shakespeare. Let us not

measure our sorrow by their

worth for then it will have no

end. Gordon AAMATH junior,.

ABAD. Maree Rose ABAB. Andrew

Anthony ABATI. Vincent Paul

ABATI. Lawrence Christopher

ABEL. Abraham. William F

Abraham son. Richard Anthony

AC IT O. Henry Bernard

Ackerman. Paul. Christian

Adams. Donald lee Roy Adams.

Patrick Adams. Shannon Patrick Adams. Shannon Lewis Adams. Stephen George

Adams. Christie A. So begins

the reading of the names, a

process that will take hours.

The US President Barak Obama

provided an overture to this

process with a reading of a

passage from Psalm 41. Family

members will be reading out the

names

attacks of 2001 and in the

bombing of the World Trade

Center in 1993. To put into

context how harrowing this day is to endure for those

families, we need to go back to the moment that American

Airlines Flight 11 hit the

North Tower and what happened

next. On the morning of

September 11th, 2001, four

groups of terrorists boarded

four separate flights intent on crashing them. The moment of

first impact came at 8.46 am.

American airlines Flight 11

with 92 people on board

into the North Tower of the

World Trade Center in Lower

Manhattan. At first, shock.

The smoke billowed into the clear New

clear New York sky. Less than

20 minutes later, at 9.02 am

when live cameras were trained

on the burning building, a second plain, United Airlines flight 175 flight 175 with 65 people on board flew into the second

tower. Oh my God. Oh my God.

I was just standing here

watching The World Trade Centre

after the first plane hit. I after the first plane hit. I

just saw a second plane come in

from the south and hit halfway

between the bottom and the top

of the tower. It's got to be a

terrorist attack. I can't tell you

you anything more than that. I saw the plane hit the

building. There was panic on

the streets. People couldn't comprehend the scene There's people jumping out of

windows. I seen at least 14

people jumping not of the

windows. It's horrific. I can't believe this is happening. We saw smoke

coming out and everybody started running out. We saw

the plane on the other side of

the building. There was smoke

everywhere. Impeachment are jumping out the windows. City

authorities shut down access to

Manhattan. All bridges tunnels and surrounding airports were

closed. US President George W

Bush was on a school visit Florida. At 9.05 am he was

told America is under attack.

He soon addressed the media. I've ordered that the

full resources of the Federal Government go to help the victims and their families. And to conduct a

full-scale investigation to

hunt down and to find those

folks who committed this act. Terrorism against our

nation will not stand. But then

the nation's capital came under attack. At 9.37 am another hijacked plane, American

Airlines Flight 77, with 64

people on board, crashed into

the Pentagon. The nerve centre

of the US armed forces. There's a lot of confusion here at the

Pentagon. It appears that an

aircraft of some sort did hit

the side of the Pentagon. The

west front. Australia's Prime

Minister, John Howard, was

staying nearby. He was among

the foreign dignitaries who

were scrambled to safety by

security staff. The White House House was evacuated and vice-president Dick Cheney was

moved to an underground bunker. Fearing

Fearing further attacks at 9.45

am US authorities shut down American airspace, grounding

all flights. All airports across the country, every

Airport in the United States

has been shut down. As news of

the Pentagon attack filtered

through events in New York took

a harrowing turn. At 9.at am, the South Tower of the World collapse. The whole side has

chanced. The whole building

has collapsed. The whole

building as collapsed? The building collapse building collapse the. There's

been a huge explosion. We can

see a billowing smoke rising

almost like a mushroom cloud. Debris consumed the

surrounding streets, downtown

Manhattan was choked with dust

and smoke. There was more to

come. At 10.0 3 am United

Flight 93 with 44 people on

board crashed into a field subject of Pittsburgh. It later emerged the hijackers

downed the plane when passengers had fought back. It

was thought they were intending

another strike on the capital.

At 10.28 am the North Tower of the World Trade Center crumbled

before a stunned global

audience. You can see perhaps

the second tower, the front tower, the

tower, the top portion of which is collapsing. Good Lord. A

huge column of smoke filled the

void where The World Trade

Centre had stood. There are

no words. This is just a

horrific scene and a horrific

moment. In the space of a

couple of hours nearly 3000

people died. The majority civilians from more than 70

countries. Later that day, President George W Bush again

addressed the nation. Make no mistake, the United States will

hunt down and punish those

responsible for these cowardly

acts. We will help acts. We will help them. We

will support actions they take

to properly retaliate. The

so-called War on Terror had begun. Indeed the War on Terror

had begun. Joining me in the

studio tonight it James Fallows national correspondent for the magazine The Atlantic. James,

you've written a lot about the war

started like the one in

Afghanistan after 9/11. Do

Americans consider those wars

justified? I think probably like people in Australia and much of the word much of the word they draw

distinctions in a couple of

month after the 9/11 attacks

there was unity in the US about

the need to go into

Afghanistan. By six month or so when it became clear the

administration was planning to

go also into Iraq that's when the difference of opinion began. I

began. I think opinion polls suggest now most people think

it was a mistake to

I think most people feel it I think most people feel it was

necessary to have gone in there

and question is now 10 years

later what's the proper next

step to take. Do Americans step to take. Do Americans feel any safer? That's a whole more

complicated question. You

could argue that most effective

remnant of the 9/11 attacks 10

years ago for attackers is a

general mood of fearful less in

the American public. There's a

debate whether the proper

response is to be braver or re

sill yen or hunger down more.

The US very much increased any

travellers who have been there

recently. It is interesting you

noted that President Obama read

a Psalm and in fact there had

been a great emphasis on no

religious figures no religious involvement in the

commemoration as we've seen it so farment how significant do

you think it was? It was a art full compromise. Michael

Bloomberg laid down the play

law he want the not to have religious figures on the

podium. To have the president

of the United States read an

old testament passage was a

very elegant way to finesse

that disagreement. Going back

to the wars and looking in relation to this

commemoration, public support

has been waning as you said

yourself. Do you think this

commemoration, this reminder of

why will have impact on

support? I think it will have

the proper effect of having

people remember what happened

and honouring those who

suffered and died, but it

doesn't necessarily resolve any

of the disagreements about what

was the right way to

respond. James Fallows we'll

come back to you later. Many

thanks. We will continue to

cross live to the reading of

the names in New York

throughout this program. also bring you more stories

from those deeply affected by

the attacks. Among the most amazing at story of Genelle

Guzman-McMillan. She was at work in the North Tower of the

world trade centre when world trade centre when the

first plane hit.

I remember being on the 64th floor of the World Trade

Center. I was at my desk. was talking with my co-worker Suzanne

Suzanne and in the conversation

the building shook. I got up.

We looked at each other. I walked to wards the window and

I could see the papers in the

sky, like, you know, what

happened? Some people were

saying that the plane hit the

building but I was definitely

thinking a small aeroplane, a

Manhattan plane hit the

building. I made a couple of phone calls. I called my boyfriend at the time. didn't see anything unusual and

one of my co-workers was on the phone and they phone and they were talking

with the police and they told

us to stay put and everything

is going to be okay. We were

there until over an hour in the

64th floor deciding if to go,

you know, if we should stay.

We decided to take the

staircase. We headed down. We

made it down to the 13th

staircase and that's staircase and that's when the

building collapsed with me on

the staircase. It is nearing

9.0 3 local time in New York 17

minutes after the first crash,

another plane flew into the second tower of the World Trade

Center. The moment of impact

was caught by many cameras

trained on the burning North

Tower. United flight 175 had

65 people on board, 56

passengers and nine crew.

Debris from the plane landed up

to 6 blocks away from the

tower. The flight had taken

off from Boston and heading to Los Angeles. It was

only after this plane crashed

into the South Tower that it

became obvious this was not an accident but part of a carefully coordinated carefully coordinated act of terrorism. We'll take

you... David M beret. David

Shelby Berry. Joseph John

Berry. William Reid. Sympathy

D bedly. Carolyn BUG: Edward

Fang BEA. Paul Michael bear. Bella JBUCAN. S HIMM. Peter

Alexander Beale felled.

William G bigger. Brian Eugene My brother-in-law Stephen Howard burger. We miss

you. There's not a day that

goes by that we don't think of

you. You'll always be in our hearts. We love you. My

brother, William Reid we will always remember always remember you. Mark

Bingham. Carl Vincent bee

knee. Gary Eugene bird.

Joshua David burn. Grj John

bishop. Chris Romeo. Geoffrey

Donald.

(Bell tolls).

President Lincoln not only understood the heart break of

his country, he also understood

the cost of sacrifice and

reached out to console those in

sorrow. In the fall of 18 64

he learned that a widow

lost five sons in the civil

lost five sons in the civil war

and he wrote her this letter:

dear madam. I have been shown in the files of the war department a statement of the

general of Massachuesetts that

you're the mother of five sons

who have died gloriously on the field of battle. I feel how

weak and fruitless must be any

words of mine which should

attempt to bee guile you from

the grief of a loss so overwhelming. But I cannot

refrain from tendering to you

the consolation that may be

found in the thanks of the

republic, they died to save. I pray that our heavenly father

may a sarj the anguish of your bereavement and leave you only the

loved and lost and the solemn

pride that must be yours to

have laid so costly a sacrifice

on the altar of pre- freedom. Yours very sincerely and respectfully, Abraham Lincoln.

APPLAUSE

My name is Peter

words of another President, the

words of loss from another historical moment in America

and for the world and the words of loss travel through

years through the generations.

That was George W Bush speaking

as the long process of the

reading of the victims' names

continues. You're watching the live commemoration ceremony in

New York for the victims New York for the victims of

9/11 and the bombing of the

World Trade Center in 1993.

Shortly, an honour guard will

ceremonially open the way for

families to begin their way to

go on to the plaza, on to this

Memorial Plaza that has taken

shape over the past few months.

The memorial will feature the

names of the 2,98 3 men, women

and children who were killed in

those attacks. Given the

number of names, how did the curators of

where to place each name? Is there a particular order? there a particular order? Ali,

as you can imagine, this was an

incredibly complex and

emotionally fraught process

that was done. The names were

to be and have been inscribed into bronze parapets that are

around the perimeter of these

water fall fed pools that have been constructed into the

footprints of the Twin Towers. The names have not The names have not been written

alphabetically or Cronulla

logic in accordance with how

the events unfolded. The

designers thought that wouldn't

make much sense and highlight

some and maybe not give prominence to others. What's

been done is that the designers

with their colleagues have

worked out a combination of

mathematics and they've also looked at emotional attachments. Therefore, some

have been grouped with their co-workers or next to their fellow passengers on those hijacked

Scott. Scott will join us

again later in the program.

Let's return now to the commemoration ceremony under

way in New York.

Geoffrey Donald B IT NER. Albert black man

Albert black junior. Christopher Joseph

Blackwell. Car Suzanne

Blair. Harry blanding junior. Janicebly junior. Janicebly BLAIN EY. Craig Michael black. Rita BLOW. BLOW. Richard Middleton blood

junior. Michael Andrew BACARDI. John-Paul BOCCI. My father, James Patrick burger.

We love you dad. Anaemic Alan

and mum will never forget

I miss you. You're forever in

our hearts. Rest in peace. our hearts. Rest in

Michael L. Susan L. Francis.

Bruce Douglas BA UN. Nicholas

Andrew B den. Lawrence

Francis. Vincent MBALLIN.

My father George John

bishop. We love you dad. My dad firefighter Christopher Joseph Blackwell, rescue 3.

NDFI. Christine. Gerry JBORG.

Carol Maree BOUCHARD. Francis BORDEA. Thomas Harold BOUDIN. Donna M Bowen. Kimberley S

bowers. Nicole bowers. Larry

Bowman. Sean Edward Bowman

junior. Kevin L bowser. Gary R

box. My kid brother, Michael,

who we love you and

Marty. Good bless. My father

who will always hold a special

place in my heart. I love and

miss you daddy. Pamela BOYCE. Michael Boyle. Alfred J broker. Kevin hue Bracken. Sandy Bradshaw. David Brian Brady. Alexander

Nicholas W. Daniel Raymond

brand field. David Reid.

Michelle Renee Bradding. Linda

bravo. Ronald Michael. Edward

A Brennan the third. Frank H Brennan. Brennan. My father, Sean

Edward Bowman junior. We love

and miss you dad. My father

Michael G Jacobs, we love and miss you very much,

dad. Michael E Brennan. Peter Brennan. Thomas Moore Brennan. Daniel J. You're

watching 9/11 Remembered live

on ABC1 and ABC News 24. If

you want to see the reading of

the names at the ceremony in New follow the commemoration

service via our webstream. Go

to abc.net.au/news and follow the links.

Mum as travelling pretty

much a retirement trip. She worked with the Australian Red Cross

Cross for almost 30 years. woman. This was a trip she'd

always wanted to make and it

was exciting for her. She was

doing the Canadian Rockies and

she was going to Alaska and

seeing parts of the United

States that she hadn't seen before. She was on the home. before. She was on the way

home. She wasn't far from

coming home. She was leaving

Washington which was her last stop in the United States

before she would go through

Hawaii and then home again.

She checked out of her hotel,

got on the plane, she was supposed

supposed to get supposed to get on, and that ended up crashing into the

Pentagon. The reading of the names continues in New names continues in New York, Washington is preparing to

pause to mark the moment the

Pentagon was hit. James Fallows was in Washington that

day. Before I ask you about

that particular day, I want to

talk about the reading of the

names. It is quite

extraordinary, isn't it, when

you listen to the names and the

range of backgrounds they

represent. It is incredible.

Chinese names, Russian names, Irish

Irish names, there's every kind

of names. It reminds me very Times did for a full overafter

attacks where they ran a little

biography of almost every

person who died there. What

was so impressive was the

sampling of the word there.

Most were Americans but almost

every nation was represented in

some way. I think there's been

a re miner of that. As there

is also on the Vietnam veterans

wall there is at diversity of

Americans there, but what a

broad range of humanity was affected by this event. Of course you were

course you were in Washington

that day. Much of this focus

has been on New York. It was extraordinary that

to strike at the very heart of

national security before 9/11

that must have been absolutely

unthinkable. It was. I actually just moved back to Washington the day before after three

of the US. My wife and I have

settled in. We saw what was

happening in New York on the TV

that morning and DC as the

plane came to the Pentagon the

phones went down in Washington.

I spent to the rest of the day walking threw down town Washington walking to the

Pentagon and seeing what was

happening. What was that like?

At that point the tragedy, the entire horror hadn't finished unfolding? I think it was the same for

people all around the world.

There was no way to measure what we were seeing. It was

additional complicated in DC.

The phone lines were out. Cell

phone networks were swamped.

The normal phones were out for

several hours. TV and radio were the only sources of information for the people. Did you have a real sense of what

could possibly happen next? No. The Pentagon by the time

I was out of the house trying

to see things, Pentagon which I

could see from our house had been

what the next step could be.

If you had within the space of

an hour, two major buildings in

New York and the Pentagon being hit, it was very hard

hit, it was very hard to imagine what the next hour or

the next day might the next day might bring. What has this done particularly

hitting the Pentagon, to

national security policy? I

think the whole event has made national security policy very much tighter for both better

and worse ways within DC. 9 Pentagon strangely it is a if it never happened. Within a

couple of weeks it was hard to see any the Pentagon. Since the scale of human catastrophe was much

smaller in the Pentagon than in

New York and the whole effect

on the city was less than in New York, I think there's a

sense that this was a New York

felt this in every fibre of its

being. In Washington it was a

event contained and

reconstructed as quickly as possible. Yet, you say you had

to go down and have a look at

it. Were many like you? The

streets of downtown Washington I drove as far as I could

toward the downtown. I got out of my car and walking. People had some need

to see what was going on. Especially in Washington there were so many government employees, so many journalists, so many people who thought if

things were happening in New

York, it would be likely it would be coming

would be coming to Washington

too and indeed there already had been this plane at the Pentagon. This changed the

psyche of Americans, didn't it?

You read about the days and the weeks weeks following what happened

in New York. Much more broadly

than that. I think that this is

one of the main issues the US

is still debating 10 years late

answer has been very rising. Some construct and destructive ways over these years. There are people who

say that the US has reacted too

strongly. It has dwelt

on this terrible attack and

let's basic confidence be

challenged or turned into a

more cowering nantion that it should. There are other people

who say that's nonsense we need

to be prepared as we can be. There's a regional element to

this. By the time six or eight

months had passed, people in

the mid west and the West Coast were thinking were thinking this is an east coast fever and east coast phenomenon. The whole nation

was attacked, but New York was the place which was marked

forever after. I think in the rest of the nation there was

not quite that same lasting

imprint. I would imagine there

would p that could have happened to us. Therefore but

for the grace of God. Sure.

That's why in the couple of

weeks in the attack there was a

sense of solidarity around the world. New Yorkers, many of

them can remember the way their

life was different forever

after and for weeks and weeks

there was dust on people's

apartment or on their bodies

and New York really was marked in a in a way that people there

won't ever forget. People in

California, in Texas; it is more a theoretical matter to

them now. They pass the

political effects off it at

oppose this visceral thing it is for New Yorkers. I wonder

how difficult that makes it for politicians?

politicians? Yes. Everything

about this is makes mow add fire the restraint of the ceremony. It

is being presented as a

commemoration for those from

around the world who suffered

and died and the families whose survivors we're seeing who were

touched forever as possessed to

all the disharmony that exists

about all the various reactions in the last 10 years. James

Fallows, many thanks. Thank you . Former Prime Minister John

Howard was in Washington the

day the Pentagon was hit. US

security was quick to rush him

to safety, but despite his personal fear, determination to stand side by side with then US President

George W Bush in the fight

against terrorism. Here Mr

Howard recounts that

experience. My recollection experience. My recollection is

very vivid. I remember the

shock and disbelief because it came with no warning from

nowhere. It was not in any

context of a growing tension

between the United States and Al Qaeda. It was just an extraordinary brutal

unjustified unforgive beible

event. It took everybody by

surprise. Interestingly enough the other recollection I have is that everybody reacted very

calmly. They knew something

quite event changing had

happened, but people were calm

and that's a very vivid

recollection I have. My

message is twofold. This could

go on for some time fight against terrorism. I

said on 12 September 2001 just

as the Cold War lasted a very

long time and defined several

generations, so the fight against terrorism against terrorism could last a

very long time and define several

several generations. It is not

like a conventional war. We

tend to think of wars in terms

of declarations and armies

running across board a loss of

live and an un conditional

surrender. WW1 and

is not like that. It is a

border less war, a different

thing altogether. The other

message I think is that

difficult though the last 10

years has been, it could have

been much worse if the West had

not taken the measures that it

did. We've spent a lot of

money on security. We've spent

a lot of money on intelligence,

but it's been worthwhile. We

have foiled further terrorist

attacks. Al Qaeda is not as strong an organisation

was 10 years ago. We've formed

some very valuable partnerships

with countries like Indonesia

in our own region to fight

terrorism. It is terrorism. It is easy to point out the difficulties. It is

easy to say we've got a corrupt

government in Afghanistan, we

do, but it is easy to say we've

got a difficult situation in

Pakistan and that is true. On

the other hand, we have made

progress and if we'd not done

the thing that we've done,

there would have been a loss of life and we would be worse off. Former Prime Minister John Howard there.

Let's return now to the commemoration ceremony under

miss and we love you. Your

Eugene Clark. Gregory Alan

Clark. Man knee lee Roy Clark. Sarah Anne Clark. Thomas

R Clark. Christopher Robert

Clarke. Donna Maree Clarke. Kevin Francis Cleary.

Rachael Emma Clarke. Michael J

Rachael Emma Clarke. Michael J Clarke. James D clear. And my

mother. We love and miss you,

mum, rest in peace. And my father port

Lieutenant Robert D si. RI.

Jessica and I love you and miss

you. We know you're you. We know you're always

looking down on us. Geoffrey W cloud. Susan Maree Clyne. Stephen cokely. Geoffrey

Alan Coal. Patricia A Cody. Daniel Michael coffee. Jason Matthew coffee. Lawrence G S Cohen. Joseph quon. Mark Joseph. Stephen J Christopher

Michael. Kevin Colbert. Michelle Colbert. Keith Coleman. Scott Thomas Coleman. My husband

Benjamin Keith Clark. We miss

you we love you

always be in our prayers. My

uncle. We all love you. Liam

Joseph Cologne. Robert D Joseph Cologne. Robert D Colin. Robert J Coal. Gene

Maree Colin. John Michael

Collins. Firefighter. Michael L Collins. Thomas L Collins. Thomas Joseph Collins. Geoffrey Coleman. Patricia Maria. Linda M Cohen. Saul E Cologne. Ronald Edward comber. Albert CONDED. Denise Connolly. Susan P

Colin. Returning to how events

unfolded on the morning of

September 11, 2001, chaos was taking reign in New York another hijacked plane heading for another American landmark. At 9.37 American

Airlines Flight 77 crashed into

the Pentagon. The impact was

captured by a security camera.

All 64 people on board were

killed including the hijackers

and the six crew. Nearly twice

as many, 125 people, were

killed inside the building.

The plane had taken off earlier

from Washington Dulles Airport

and was heading to Los Angeles.

All 184 Victoria r victims of

this attacks not including the

five terrorists at the Pentagon memorial. AB

correspondent Jane Cowan is in

Washington and she joins us now. You

how Washington is expected to

remember the moment when Flight

77 crashed into the Pentagon,

something everyone would have

thought unthinkable? There's a memorial service here at the

Pentagon for about 700 people,

mostly people directly

connected to the events of that

day. They're family members

who loved loufd survivors, members of the

military. There will be

comments made by the US vice-president here Joe Biden, also the new Secretary of Defence Leon Panetta and America's America's senior uniform military officer the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff

Admiral Mike Mullen. There

will be a minute of silence at

9.37 here the exact moment the

plane went into the Pentagon. The president Barack Obama and

the first lad I did will arrive

here six hours time from now

where they will also wreath after the President's

also gone through the field in

Pennsylvania in Shanksville

where the other flight went

down. Later on in the day they

will thereville be a concert for for hope, they're calling at

the Kennedy centre where the president will make comments. You've spoken to

people and families who have

been visiting the memorial.

How important is today's commemoration for them? It is

a bit of a strange thing.

People have mixed feelings

obviously about this for people

two lost loved they're living with this loss

every day. When it comes to

commemorations like this, some

people find them valuable.

They obviously very keen to remember those that they lost.

There are mixed feelings. Some

people avoid them completely.

Some people have not come back here to the Pentagon where

their loved ones died. Others still

still work here and they come

here and walk inside the building every

building every day of their lives. Perhaps more than some

of the other memorials in New

York and in Pennsylvania that are still taking one has for a long time now

been still part of people

avenuery day lives. Overand

over again the mess isn't I got

from talking to people who were

involved is that they want to remember this by living good lives and honouring those who

are lost in that way rather

than continually overand over

every year focusing on the violent of that one day. US

authorities in the lead up to

this commemoration warned of a

credible but unconfirmed terror

threat ahead of the various for security arrangements?

Security is noticeably tighter

in the capital here. I stepped

out of my house in Washington this morning and this morning and saw two police cars before I'd moved one minute down the street. There

are roads block off everywhere.

Police are working longer

shifts than usual. There are

more police on duty. There

have been bomb sniffer dogs in

the subway. There have been flyovers by military

helicopters. That's something I going to the supermarket that

that had started. Police are

responding to leads that they

have about suspicious activity.

That has increased as the public becomes increasingly

vigilant. They've also been

towing cars that are left in

inappropriate places. That

sort of thing. Some of this of course was already planned to

coincide with this anniversary,

but some of it is extra and

this is a place that is one of

the most protected cities in

the world as it is. Indeed. It

has to be said that of course security around national monuments has all been

a very different story before

9/11 and what it is now. Jane Cowan in Washington many thanks. We'll take you back to

you commemoration service in

Washington is where we're going

to take you. That's where the

city will observe the time that American Airlines Flight 77 struck the Pentagon. Generation

after generation you have led

and blessed America. In that dark day 10 years ago you were

with us in the mid of heartache

light of freedom shining in our

own hearts. We gather this day

on this 10th anniversary to

remember the people and events

of September 11. The

that mourn them with loss.

Lord God, open our hearts Lord God, open our hearts today

and every day to pay tribute to

those who have kied. We'll

remember to honour those who

rendered a with such courage and compassion. Remember those

who served in the day that

followed and serve on frontlines

frontlines of freedom. We

covet your presence. Remind us

that truly are you our hope

years to come. We ask this and

pray as always in your holy

name. A men. Please be seated.

seated. 10 years ago at 9.37

am. Pent was attacked. Join

us in observing a moment of

silence to remember those who

perished. (Sings) # Amazing Grace how sweet the sound that saved a wretch like me. I was once lost but now I'm found, was blind but now I see. It was

grace that brought my heart to you and raised my fear (Sings) # Through many day dangers, toil and snares, I

(Amazing Grace).

(Sings) # The Lord has

brought his good to

Amazing Grace how sweet the

sound that saved a wretch sound that saved a wretch like

me. I was once lost but me. I was once lost but now now I'm found, was blind now I'm found, was blind but now I see. Ladies and gentlemen, the

Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Admiral Michael Mullen. Mr Vice-president, Mr Secretary, distinguished guests

and most especially friends and loved once of those

killed near this spot on this

day back in 2001. Good day back in 2001. Good

morning, and welcome. Let me

begin by offering on behalf of

the 2.2 million men and women

who wear the uniform of the

United States armed forces by passing my deepest passing my deepest condolences

to you for the lost you

suffered and the grief you

still endure. No music, no

tongue can express, no prayer

alone may dampen the yearning

that must fire yet inside that must fire yet inside you.

Lives ended in this place,

dreams were shattered, futures

were instantly altered, hopes

were tragically dashed. You

come here, we all come here, to

remember those hopes and to

mourn and to honour. But the

greatest honour we bestow, greatest honour we bestow, the

finest tribute we pay, lies not

in our gathering, it lies in

our hearts, it lies in our

deeds. It lies in the manner

in which and the degree to

which we have preserved the

very ideals that others tried to kill when they killed

innocent men, women and

children. I was struck by the words of a young woman who just

wrote a letter to her dead

father, a firefighter killed at

the World Trade Center. Dear

dad, she said, I still feel

your presence. You are with me

every day. You inspire me to

live my life to help others and

to be grateful for each moment.

I don't know what the next ten

years will bring, but I do that I have enough strength,

wisdom and support to take on

anything. She remains proud

of her father Alan and the

sacrifice he made so others

need not and she has committed

herself to proving worthy of

that sacrifice. Her's is truly

the greatest monument. The

most enduring memorial, as it

is with all of is with all of you. You, the

families, have shown the rest

of us the way, quietly

honouring the memory of your

loved ones by how you live what you do. It is in the

children and grandchildren with

major league dreams, the

college degrees earned, the

businesses started, the wedding

celebrated, that h the charity

given and the love and laughter shared, these are the things

the terrorists could not

eradicate. They could bring

down the walls, but they could

not bring down America. They

could kill our citizens, but they could not kill our

citizenship. In that spirit

and with that pride, a whole new generation has been

inspired to serve, many of them

in uniform. Indeed, from this

place of wrath and

America's military ventured

forth as the long arm and

clenched fist of an angry

nation at war. We've remained

at war ever since visiting on

our enemies the vengeance they

were due and providing for the

American people the common

defence they demand. Two

million men and women have

deployed to combat since 9/11,

volunteers all, some of them

knew a colleague killed here some of them were schoolers on that day, all of

them have remained dedicated to

making sure a day like that

never happens again. They've

done this with great skill and

bravery, but they've also done

it with a realisation learned

over time and at great cost

that sometimes we defend best

our national interests when we

help others defend their own. And that

We've returned now to the

live pictures of the reading of

the names of the commemoration

service at Ground Zero in New York.

York. Prior to that, we were in Washington at the memorial

service being held there to

mark the moment that American

Airlines Flight 77 struck the

Pentagon and you were hearing speaker the Chairman of the

Joint Chiefs of Staff, Mike

Mullen. With me in is James Fallows from The

Atlantic magazine. James, that

speech by Mike Mullen was noteworthy because of noteworthy because of course speeches have not been part of

the New York commemoration. Yes. We were

talking a few minutesing about how striking it was in New York

with the current President and

the past President there and the

the mayor and all the other

political dignitaries, the foe

cus was sclus live on the family ties et cetera. It was

striking to me to hear Mullen, a politically very

sophisticated character, has

been very effective chairman of

the joint chiefs, making a political speech than we'd

heard in New York. It is

natural,ers it is at the

Pentagon, he's head of the

uniformed services of the

United States and he was making

at face value saying this was a

time to honour people who have served especially in uniform.

That's appropriate in his role,

but there was more a political

undertone to it than we had

heard elsewhere, saying we've

been at war and angry nation

for these past 10 years and we was surprising to me. We talked earlier about the fact you were

in Washington the day that this

happened. You went down and

you had a look at the Pentagon. Did

Did it frighten you? I was

saying when we were off camera, found myself strangely not

frightened during that day in

Washington. Just amazed and

wondering what could possibly

happen next. In the couple of

weeks after that when there

were scarce, that didn't affect

me personally. It was a few

months later I was surprised

when you told me year later the Washington

sniper episode happened, I and

many people in DC why

physically frightened for about

a three week period a three week period people were

being randomly shopped as they

went shopping in shopping

malls. That was the first time

I began to feel some actual

menace. It makes you think if

terrorists had a shrewder

understanding of the make up of

modern consumer society, they would be going for more

shopping malls and that sort of

part of routine life part of routine life as opposed

to this big trophy targets of was the most of all. Did it

really changes live for those

in Washington like in New York?

The sniper episode did. The

attacks of September changed life certainly in a

political way. American policy

was very different from that

time afterwards. In terms of

the feel of your life, I think

it didn't affect many people's

psyche so much as it did in New

York when many people you knew

more people had been killed the physical

physical mark on the city was

more. The main change in DC state aspects of being in

Washington. You use to be able

to drive past the White House,

approach the capital buildings, get in and get in and out of government

buildings. Those days are gone. Days locked up and

buttoned down place now as your correspondent was

saying. That's obviously a very physical enduring legacy, if you

you like. What do you think in

a less practical way has been

the enduring legacy? . I think

that is very much in dispute in the United States. There are

people who say and vice-president Chaney has been

interviewed in the last day or two say his administration did

exactly the right thing. All

the steps they imposed

internally in term of home land security, the things they did

extentnally from the war in

Iraq to began Guantanamo those

kept the world safe. There are many other

many other people who would say

the nature of America has been

affected in a way we night use this

this 10th anniversary to try to

redress. There is I think... It New York ceremony we're not

getting into a very live and

fundamental debate going on how the

the tune states has been

changed by these 10 years. When

you say affected in a particular way. Do you mean

that terrorism became the dominant force fighting

terrorism. ? I think there was

a couple of year period after

9/11 attacks where large

numbers of people said that the

challenge for the United States

for the foreseeable future

would be the war against

terror. I never believed that myself. I was saying this one of many threats. It is a big complicated world. There are rising powers, there are economic

economic issues, there are environmental challenges, it is

one of many threats that a

great nation need to deal with. I

I think that debate hear quite as much now, the

existential threat existential threat rhetoric. So

much has been poured into so

much money, so many lives have

been lost into dealing with the threat of terror. Yes. How do

you withdraw from that? That

is the question that the

inherors, leaders of all the western countries are trying to figure

figure out. President Obama to

his credit seems to be his credit seems to be managing

some kind of backing off from

the commitment in Iraq. It has

proven surprisingly most

difficult of all for him to

undo the Guantanamo end end

campment. He outlawed enhance tr

tr gation torture to be used against cap tipses of United States. Undoing that legal

regime has been a harder

thing. What are do you think

are the other challenges, if you like, that rated as the challenge and

really there should be other

challenges there, what are they

and how do they work their way

into a list? If we were to

think of the perhaps

incalculable, in the trillions

of dollars the United States

and allied countries have spent

in Iraq and Afghanistan and on

homeland security, if that had

not been committed that way,

what it might mean on economic

stability around the world, on

dealing with climate issues,

which I think are going to be a

major challenge for all of our countries in the next generation, dealing equality and inequality, every

society around the world, I've been living in China for a long

time, having these polarising sources that strain the possession fabric everywhere.

You could have entirely without

the 9/11 attacks draw up a big

list of things all of us would

demand our biggest and best he

was fors. Those are still there. Do you believe America

would have been safe, as has

been noted by many. There has

been no attack on America in

the past 10 years? . There is

a a I debate that we could

spend many hours going was again the Iraq war because

I thought on balance it made

the US less safe rather than

more safe in terms of the

commitment it would involve for many, many years and all the

hostility it might engender.

I'm glad as you are glad that Australia, Australia, the US, most

countries have not had any

major attack in the last 10

years, but the question is is

this the optimal way we could

have defended ourselves that

we'll debate for a long time. We're debating it

tonight. Thank you again.

You're watching 9/11 Remembered

live on ABC1 and ABC News 24.

If you would like to see the readings of the names at the ceremony in New York

uninterrupted you can follow

the commemoration service via

our webstream. Just go to

abc.net.au/news and follow the

links. Certainly, in the months

straight after it, the city was

completely

walked in any part of the city

and you saw the photographs of

missing people and the flowers

and the candles, and if you

went anywhere really below Houston for the months

afterwards, the smell from the

site was overwhelming. It was

a burning smell that lasted for

weeks. I think at the time

they said New York will never

be the same again and I think

the towers are missing,

obviously for people who lost a

family member it is never the same

same again, but I have been

back since

I thought New York was always a

fantastic place with really

warm engaging people and I

think it is pretty much the

same. It certainly hasn't lost any

any of its optimism. We return

now to the commemoration

ceremony under way at the National September 11 Memorial

in New York. Gerard J Duffie. Michael Joseph

Duffie. Tom Thomas W Duffie. Jackie Duggan. Patrick

Dunn. Gale Dunn-Jones. Christopher Joseph Dunn. Richard Anthony Dunstan.

Patrick Thomas Dwyer. Joseph

Anthony. John Bruce eagle

son. Edward T air heart. Robert Douglas Eaton. Dean Phillip. Margaret Ruth Ackerman. My brother Simon. My

uncle firefighter David Paul.

Uncle Dave we love you and we

miss you and we'll never forget you. Paul Robert. Barbara G Edwards. Dennis Michael Edwards. Michael Hardy Edwards. Christine Egan. Lisa Egan. Martin J Egan junior. Michael Egan. Martin

Egan. Lisa car

Adam Michael J. Markio self

Ellis. Valley silver

Ellis. My dad by Edward D Simone the third. There's not

a day that goes by that I don't

think about you. You will

always be my best friend and

hero. I love you with all my heart and I couldn't have ever

asked for a greater daddy than you. And my brother, Bobby

Felix, our hope, our strength,

our love forever. We miss you. Albert William. Robert

R. Edgar Hendrix Emery junior. Christopher Epps. Irwin egger. William John

Irwin. Sarah. Jose. Linda.

Richard JCUGAGO. My brother-in-law first officer

lee Roy homer. My son. My lovely mother. My

beautiful sister. My mother . My (Bell tolls). Nicole Carol Miller. (Bell tolls).

Our brother, Lewis Joseph

Mackie II. (Bell tolls) Donald Arthur Peterson. (Bell Mackie

Jean Hoadley Peterson. (Bell

tolls) Mark David

(Bell tolls) Christine Anne

Snyder. (Bell tolls) Snyder. (Bell tolls) John Talignani. (Bell

Today, as you look over the walls of remembrance, we want

to share with you the words of

the poet Mary Lee Hall, who

wrote, turn again to life. If I should die should die and leave you here awhile, be not like others saw

undone who keep long vigil by

the silent dust. For my sake, turn again to life and smile.

Nerving thy heart and trembling

hand to do something to comfort other

other hearts than thine.

Complete these dear unfinished tasks of mine and I perchance

may therein comfort you.

(Plays "Amazing Grace")

(Plays "Amazing Grace")

APPLAUSE Bell tolls) The

bells tolling across New York

City to mark the lives lost on

United airlines flight 93,

which crashed in a field near Shanksville, Pennsylvania,

south of Pittsburgh. It is

thought its target was another Washington landmark. It later emerged passengers on the plane

fought back and the plane

crashed when they tried to

break into the cockpit. It

didn't take long for the world

to realise that the man behind the terrorist

bin Laden. The hunt for the Al

Qaeda leader ended on 2 May

this year, when US special

forces stormed his commound in

Pakistan and shot him dead. On

that day the world's media were

sent into overdrive when US

President Barack Obama called a press conference for midnight

US time. The 'New York Times' posted that Osama bin Laden had

been killed and half an hour

later President Barack Obama

confirmed the news, ending the

almost 10 year hunt for the

world's most wanted man. We

can say to the families who

have lost loved ones to Al

Qaeda's terror that justice has been

been done. The CIA tracked a courier to Osama bin Laden's Barack Obama ordered operation

Neptune spear. The us

Government hailed it a success,

but it didn't all go to plan. A helicopter helicopter was destroyed at the

site after it failed to take off and the Pakistani

Government wasn't pleased it wasn't notified. Osama bin Laden may be dead but the

campaigns against terror

continue. ABC correspondent

Sally Sara is based in

Afghanistan and joins me from

Kabul. Just to underline the fact that

it's not been a good day for allied forces, with an attack

on a NATO compound. That's

right. In the past 24 right. In the past 24 hours,

there's been a suicide truck

bomb attack on a combat outpost

in a privilegeons. The figures

have been changing throughout

the day, but NATO says two

people were killed in the attack, more than 90 were injured, including more than 50

US soldiersment a very powerful

blast and a powerful of the capabilities of insurgents in Afghanistan, insurgents in Afghanistan, 10

years on from September 11.

years on from September 11. Is today's anniversary being

marked in Afghanistan? Does it

mean anything to the Afghan

people? There have been

ceremonies on Coalition

military bases around the

country and also at the US

embassy. The ceremonies have

taken place at small combat

outposts up to the main

headquarters in Kabul. For Afghan citizens, for many of

them this is not a significant

day. It's been a quiet day in Kabul. It's important to remember the make-up of Afghanistan's population, often there

pictures of men with beard, but

more than half the population

here is made up of children.

Many Afghans weren't even born

when the attacks happened or

were small children who weren't

away. The youthful nation, this

is the focus for those trying

to rebuild the country and trying to have stability and opportunity

who make up the majority of the

population in Afghanistan. Indeed, 9/11 may have been

where it all began, but Osama

bin Laden is dead and

killed in Pakistan, not

Afghanistan. It's a very

different landscape now to the

one 10 years ago, isn't it?

It is. It's a very challenging

landscape, particularly for the

US-led Coalition, to try to

come up with a strategy of how to deal with Pakistan. There

are some concerns about whether

Pakistan has been an ally complicit in some of the acts

that have unfolded, and whether

it has the capability to fight against insurgents and extremists without the help of

the US led Coalition. It's ironic that the killing of Osama bin Laden by US forces

has further strained relations

between Pakistan and the United

States, but that country will

become even more important as

US forces begin to withdraw

from Afghanistan as planned