Note: Where available, the PDF/Word icon below is provided to view the complete and fully formatted document
Disclaimer: The Parliamentary Library does not warrant the accuracy of closed captions. These are derived automatically from the broadcaster's signal.
Compass -

View in ParlView

(generated from captions) You didn't hear him come in? the first thing I felt was...relief. When I saw him this morning

"It's over. It's finally over". I thought, You smashed his belongings, into the garden, you dragged the contents of his room you went to bed, you say. you set fire to the lot of it, Meanwhile, Major Hamilton was killed

which you'd just lit. and his body thrown onto the fire He wasn't a major, you know? He was a sergeant in the Pay Corps. that's all he ever was, a clerk. All those years in Africa, Mrs Hamilton? What happened? Why were you so angry yesterday, He was going back. he was going back. After everything he said And he was going to take everything. All the money we had. All the money he promised we'd have. I don't know where they stashed it. This is a lot of money. But George knew about these things. The creditors won't see a penny. did you, You thought it was a good idea,

for him to be involved in fraud? Why not? for leading an honest life? What did anyone ever give me George was lying to me. and go back to Africa. He was going to take every penny So you had to stop him. I didn't kill him. I'd have done it years ago. If I'd had the guts to kill him Still... ..someone stopped him. I can't say I'm sorry. But it wasn't me. She must have done it. You think Mrs Edmonton killed him? Mallory? Of course not. was getting some money out for her. She believed George going to see half of it. Though she was never No. It was her sister, Dr Sinclair. Mallory! Where are you, Mallory? KNOCK ON DOOR Sir. You better see this. Naomi had another car. We didn't know for the paint on Darwin's coat. The grey wouldn't be a bad match Finally, some evidence. material to a murder investigation I have reason to believe evidence is about to be destroyed, sir. GLASS SHATTERS No, Troy. Just breaking in. she left about half an hour ago. Neighbours said then drove straight off again. Came in, No, uniforms are there now. Surgery? DEVICE BEEPS

ELEANOR: Don't ignore me, Naomi. Naomi! It's George now, isn't it? I've pushed it out of my mind before. I mean, I couldn't believe that... Julian Shepherd. But I know and I have to know how Charles died. The police will be here, Naomi. about the things that I know? And how can I lie DIAL TONE "All very mysterious." but I know." "I pushed it out of my mind, that I wouldn't, Naomi? Did you really think No-one can prove anything. is dead, no-one can prove anything? I see. Now that Major Hamilton Do you hear yourself, Naomi? Mm. I hear that. People have died! Major Hamilton, Julian Shepherd, just to steal some eggs. that man who broke in you'd approve of that one. Oh. I thought

All those little chats with the Major looking after Charles. when you should have been I didn't have to. You didn't even like the man! a few crumbs from your table. We just wanted more than Did you kill Charles? you really cared? Oh, you're not telling me You never understood, did you? he'd been, the man I loved! I wanted to protect the man It was never just about money! always afford the prettiest things. A pretty speech, Mallory. You could I don't care about your life. Is there in my life you don't resent? now. I've got the money to live my own Oh. Oh, that's a turn-up. I never thought I'd see the day of your little sister. when you were afraid to disappear, as well as me. But what I need now is for you the main suspect in several murders. You see, you're going to be I don't dislike that. And if you're never seen again

that you got away with it - everybody will always believe the murders and the money. Oh. Very neat. Sorry, Naomi. I can't do that. your only sister? Oh. You're going to betray That's not nice. No...

When I said "disappear" to foreign shores and a new name. I didn't mean a flight It's the only way now. It's too late for that. What are you doing? Sorry. What are you doing?! No! No! No! BIRDS SHRIEK No! SHRIEKING INTENSIFIES Ah! Ah! Ah! No! (GASPS)


You take the house. WOMAN SCREAMS BIRD SHRIEKS Troy. Oh, yes. Any news on the car? from his clothes and I got this... Darwin's blood, threads Hi, Sarge. Sir. Hm. Hiya. I owe you a drink sometime. of what he got involved in Moorcroft was so afraid he delivered his whole network. Right. Great. I get off about... Well, I don't know when. But it depends what's happening.

Oi. You can get off about now. Oh, right. Cool. Cool? I mean, thank you, sir. OK. There we go, my lovely. BELL JINGLES OK. Is this an arrest? No. No, it's not. face a court at some point. But I guess you'll have to How is my sister? being as cooperative as you are. Well, let's just say she's not No. I help with the money But however much against her. I'm not going to testify I can't do that, I won't. I really did have no idea. To the birds? I'm just gonna say goodbye. I'll ever feel free again. I don't think But they can be. I wish that we could all just... away when the time comes.

I don't know what it's like. in the supermarket before. I've never even seen it set the right sort of mood. I thought it would Mm. It's not bad. No, it's very good. What is it? Ostrich. I thought you wanted to see the animals, not eat them. (LAUGHS) I do. But it was the only thing I could find that was African. Well, I say African. The ostrich farm was just outside Cheltenham. The wine is south African. Cheers. Joyce, what have you done? Since you were never going to look seriously at the brochures... ..I took the dates and Cully did it. We're booked. We're going to Botswana in April. Here's to our holiday. Joyce... It looks as if these people are sitting on top of an elephant. That's right. It's an elephant-back safari. Won't it be wonderful? Cheers. Closed Captions by CSI

? Theme music ? FLUTE MUSIC GERALDINE: On any given Sunday, the banks of Sydney's Nepean River are transformed into a scene from the ancient world. (Music continues) WOMAN: We always find it difficult to explain our religion, because nobody heard about it. We always... To relate to it, we always say we are the follower of the John the Baptist, because that's the closest they can get to. Mandaeans are followers of one of the oldest religions in the world. MAN: Many, many similarity between Mandaeism and all religion in the world, I think, because the Mandaeans is very old. Mandaeans predate Christianity, and are relative newcomers to Australia. But as a people, they're in danger of dying out, because Mandaeans can only marry Mandaeans. MAN 1: If you get married to someone not Mandaean, like some parents are really, really strict, some parents are alright, but... you're going to have problems. MAN 2: Survival is something, I believe, we have dealt with for thousands of years. We're not new to that. And the question is not just Australia. How can Mandaeans survive in Australia? It's how can Mandaeans survive in the world? (Indistinct chanting) (Bird chirps)

(Indistinct conversations) The story of the Mandaeans' survival into the modern world is little short of a miracle. A tiny religious sect, dating back to ancient times, today there are only 70,000 Mandaeans worldwide. And about 5,000 of them now live in Sydney, in the south-west suburb of Liverpool.

Yay! (Clanging) Reem is 18, and it's a big day for her and her friends. They've just finished their final high school exam. REEM: Coming here changed everything - changed the way we used to live, lifestyle, and the way we think. When Reem arrived here six years ago, she couldn't speak English. She's now one of the new generation of Mandaeans, creating a different life for her people. (Car engine revs) My parents love to have us being something in the future. She always tell me something in the future. Hello. Hello, darling.

How are you? How are you going? Good. Good? Yeah, very good. Thank you. Congratulations. Hi. Congratulations. Thank you. Ah! You finished. Reem's family came from Iraq in 2004 as refugees. Her father Farous had a successful career as a ship's captain, and her mother Azma was a businesswoman. In Australia, they're studying English, and their daughters go to school. Today the family is celebrating Reem finishing her studies. (Indistinct conversation) Oh, yeah! You need to learn Arabic. Please. I don't want a lot. This is for you 'cause, today, you finish your HSC, and, uh, start a new life and, also, I hope to be something in your life. Something very good. I am happy for you. (All laugh) Mandaeans originated in Iraq and Iran. As water is central to their religious rituals, most of them lived by the rivers and marshes. Mandaeans are mysterious and often misunderstood. Neither Muslim, Christian or Jewish, they've been persecuted throughout time for their difference. Always they target the Mandaeans because it's a soft target. They kidnap them or torture them and... try to ask for ransoms or, you know... threatening them that if they do not convert to Islam, for example, that they are either to be killed or to... leave Iraq. To make matters worse, Saddam Hussein's regime forced Mandaeans to fight in recent conflicts even though their faith forbids it. Mandaeans are pacifist people. It's not allowed to join any kind of army or fighting. Part of Mandaean belief system,

is not to harm life - to preserve life, to protect life. When American forces invaded in 2003, there were around 60,000 Mandaeans in Iraq. Many were killed, caught in crossfire, and kidnapped. Tens of thousands fled. Today, there are less than 5,000 Mandaeans in Iraq. The rest are scattered across the world, where they remain passionate about their identity, instilled at an early age. I went to school - I think I was in year one - and they teach religion there. So... When I went to the religion class, they gave me Qur'an. I took it, so I went home. And I showed the books to my mum and stuff and she goes to me, 'Take it back to them and say, like, you are not Muslim, you are Mandaean.' So that's the day I knew I was Mandaean. (Chuckles) You know. You see, this is a silver jar. Mmm. Saif grew up in a middle-class family in Baghdad. For ladies? Yep. For women. His father, Karim, was an antique collector, who, like many Mandaeans, experienced persecution firsthand. And they took me into the gaol and they put me there about... ..45 days. And very bad situation. It was a terrifying experience for the whole family, not least for Saif, who was only nine years old. The day that he came back, I remember that very well, I will never forget. Oh, I was so happy, you know? I went inside and hugged him and kissed him, and... that was amazing. Yeah. Fearing for the safety of his family, Karim decided to leave Iraq. They arrived here as refugees in 1998 and were taken to Villawood Detention Centre. Yeah, we had to pay a lot of money to get here, so we paid someone, they took us to Thailand and stuff and then we came to Australia - by plane, though, not by boat. And when we came to Villawood Detention Centre, it's like a gaol. So we were shocked. Three months in gaol. The family was issued permanent visas and began their new life in Australia. Australia for me is a paradise. It's a dream. Because... I feel freedom. I speak what I want. I do what I... My children... My happiness is from my children. If they are happy, I am happy too. (Chatter in foreign language) Assia, Imad and their sons were one of the first Mandaean families to come to Australia in 1992. Educated and middle-class, they too experienced persecution in Iraq from the military regime and Islamic extremists. We have extremists, they discriminate against Mandaeans. We do have Muslim friends and they are just... uh, we lived with them. But some extremists, that's what make Mandaeans' lives difficult. When they say we are dirty, we don't touch you, we don't eat with you, or we don't drink with you, we don't socialise with you, in a way, to put pressure on the Mandaeans, especially the younger ones. If they don't feel like part of the community, they feel isolated. Imad and Assia looked for a country that would suit their skills and offer a safe life for them and their two young sons.

They were accepted in Australia under the skilled migrant scheme. Many think how to get out of the country, and we thought, with our faith, we can stick as a family, we will survive. That's the boss in our mind. It's not easy. You start... things from the beginning, to dig out, to find some kind of establishment for yourself. And who's going to cook? You or Jimmy? I see myself as very much Australian. I've lived a great majority of my life in Australia. Their eldest son, Alan, also went to university, and he's now a school teacher. While Alan's family is not devout, Mandaeans throughout the world hold strong to their cultural roots. A traditional Mandaean family are very contemporary in their thinking and also very traditional at the same time. Mandaean is not only religion. Mandaean is culture as well. Identity as well, for us. So... it's good to keep this identity, and Australia encourages kind of multicultural society. (All speak foreign language) Mandaeans claim they're descended from Aram. They revere Noah as their first prophet and John the Baptist as their last and most significant prophet. Baptism is central to the Mandaean faith. Once every Sunday for the devout. The baptism, it is a new life and a new birth. That is a spiritual thing. When immersed in the fresh, flowing water, Mandaeans connect with God. The priest says prayers for forgiveness and spiritual cleansing. The ceremonial robes called the rasta are symbols of purity and light. Baptism is something that is very... I believe, is very sacred and very personal. It's a family occasion, you go down on Sunday, and you get baptised in the river and you go home. It's maybe like for example going and watching a sporting event, or watching your kids play football or soccer.

This ritual has survived unchanged for more than 2,000 years. But young Mandaeans have some very modern-day concerns about the river. Mandaeans used to get baptised in the river a long, long time ago. The reason - it was the cleanest water. Nowadays, I think river waters are the dirtiest, you know. Like, it's got petrol... It's so dirty. You might step on fish or something. You don't know. And crabs, maybe, will be there. And, you know, like chhk, chhk. But you had to do it at that time. You had to be baptised. So wherever we go, we do it. Mandaeans have their own holy book called the Ginza, a collection of religious writings, hymns and songs. The Ginza is divided into right and left, representing the material world and the afterworld, good and evil, light and darkness. (Chants in Mandaic) The right Ginza talk about... mostly about life, while the left Ginza talk about death. So life and death in a circle. Everything returns to its original state. To its origin. To God. (Chants in Mandaic) Mandaeans have their own ancient language. It is a Semitic, Aramaic language called Mandaic. It's an ancient form of Aramaic. (Chants in Mandaic) And we believe that this language is a holy language, which contains the mystery of creation. Of all the religious writings in the Ginza, one strict rule binds all Mandaeans by birth. Mandaeans must marry Mandaeans.

Hello. Hello! I really like the idea of someone marrying someone from their culture, because it's easier. What's up, dude? Saif met his fiance Reem four years ago, shortly after she'd arrived from Iraq. You finished it forever! Yeah, but it doesn't feel like... I looked at her. Wow, she's beautiful, you know. He looked at me and he was like this to me. You know? And I looked at him, and I was like, yeah, look at him, he's so show-off. The looks is not everything. Beautiful what's inside you as well. So when I know a person, I have to get to know them really well, and it takes time. (Chattering) After their first meeting, Reem and Saif got to know each other better at a picnic organised by the Mandaean community. They're held regularly, and there's always a bit of matchmaking going on. Some of my mates, they have already relationships. Some of them, they don't. Like, for me, I try to help. It might be the perfect person for you. It's good to meet people, It's good to, like, you know, to get to know more people. The more people you know, the easier to get the perfect one. It's Mandaean New Year's Eve, which falls in the middle of the year. After three days of fasting and remaining indoors, the community is ready to party. This new generation of Mandaeans is experiencing freedoms their parents never had back in Iraq. My dad was, like, a bit strict because he really cared about us. So he wanted us to be..., alright, you know. Because the other boys would look at us and say, 'Ooh, look at them, they're wearing this and that.' When I came here, it's totally different. Like, I could do whatever I want. Like... When I ask my parents, definitely, for their permission. You know, like... wear whatever you want to wear. Go out, have fun with your friends. You do whatever you want to do. I trust you, and I believe in you. Most of them that I actually know have been born here, they know no other world. They don't know... ..what it is to live in a different culture. So, for example, if they went to Iraq and we reversed the roles, they would find that as a foreign place and not here in Australia. A lot has changed for Mandaeans, but one rule is holding fast. Mandaeans must marry within their community, and, if they don't, there can be consequences. You, for example, cannot participate um... actively as a Mandaean within the community. Now, then you have the social factor. You have some families that, for example, do accept that and, for example, keep socialising to you and talking to you, and you might have some families or people that will never speak to you again and completely exile you out of... the social community, because, religiously, it is exile. My parents, yeah, they are strict. As I told you, if I was going to get married to a non-Mandaean, it would be really difficult for me. I speak to them about Mandaean and I show them... about Mandaean, and I tell them, if you choose the Mandaean, is more relationship between us, is better. Saif's parents met the Mandaean way - at a family gathering. Not good. That is everything else. One buddy. (Laughs) One soul, sorry. Two in one body. Two in one body. Yep, one soul. One day... Her family, his family. Because I not good English. (Mumbles in foreign language) Uh, invite us. Invite us and we go there, and he see me, he saw me. And... uh, I see him. I saw him. And I love... I loved, but don't speak anything in the first... Meeting. No, yeah. I not speak anything. Yeah. And after that, my heart... I don't like it. (Chuckles) (Laughs) Karim and Zahur married in 1974 in Baghdad. In traditional Mandaean weddings, husband and wife don't kiss - they seal their vows in a different way. We sat back to back as that... Yeah. With the rasta. And they clap our hands together. (Giggles) To be... uh, the bodies... To the soul be one. Mum and Dad are lovely because they're really supportive. What? When Saif decided to propose to Reem, he opted to break with tradition.

In Iraq or still in here, like Mandaeans always have to bring your whole family, maybe, it depends. The whole family goes over your house, and then you have to dress up and be ready. Like, the priest come to your house with people and... they come into the house. They say, 'OK, we want your daughter.' So Saif put a lot of thought and planning into how he would pop the question. He did it alone. We have a special place, we go there. The cage. I call it the cage. Here it is. Yeah. Our place. (Chuckles) (Giggles) And there, this place... It's the park next to the Opera House. Occasionally sit there, talk, it's really romantic. And that's where I proposed to her. I was thinking how am I going to do it? But this is the place. I went on one knee and I done it, you know? I was like... in shock. She was shocked. What are you doing? Get up. And I remember there was a guy on a bike, and he was looking like this, and he was clapping when I am holding the... Well, I prayed really hard to get someone like Dad, and he is. He has a kind heart. I think marriage is totally different, you know. So you go from one life to another. I can't wait until we start our new life. This rented warehouse in an industrial area in Liverpool symbolises another change to tradition. This is where the community have recently opened their new Mandi, a traditional Mandaean temple. Here, they've created a modern-style pool with clean, fresh running water. The river will always be an essential part of Mandaean life, but now they have a new way to worship. Yes, our people is very happy... this Mandi. And they are coming every Sunday. I was so relieved. It was great to have the Mandi. It's a bit of change to a better thing. I strongly feel that it's going to open the door to the youth, it's much more intimate. It's much more cleaner in terms of the facilities, and you can go down there

have your sacred one-on-one time, if that's what you so desire, without, maybe, being surrounded by people and speeding boats and people, you know, maybe looking at you. It loses the moment. The thing that I don't like is you have to drink from the water. In the Mandi, in the pool, it's a good thing, because it's not going to be dirty, and you know the water, you can look at it, you can actually see the floor there, and it's really clear. That's why we have to change. Even, like, religion, cultural stuff, they have to change with time. To tell you the truth, my truth, I am with the Mandaean community and stuff, but, personally, personal, I don't believe in religion. When I came here to Australia, um... when I met Saif, which he didn't want to, like, be really religious, you know. He was, like... Something from the past, you know. And I said, 'No, when you keep something from the past, it'll be really, um...' It's like a treasure for me. I believe it's a culture, you know, that stay together for thousands of years. And it's great how they stay together. Because once you go out...'s extinct, you know, it's gone. The religion will go, it will disappear. (All chant) I'm proud of it because we kept on going, which I'm going to teach my kids, because it's a really valuable thing. I can't resist being Mandaean. Next week on Compass... Max has always been a Bali boy. (Both speak foreign language) He's lived in Australia, but he prefers it here. For most mothers, organising a lavish wedding is stressful enough, but what if your son is a Balinese royal prince? MAN: Balinese weddings are different to anywhere in the world. It's... it's kind of a mixture between animistic and Buddhist and Hindu beliefs. If a royal marries a royal, you get carried on the shoulders of your helpers. But if you marry someone who's not from the royal family, you have to walk, so we've all walked. WOMAN: We're all quite good at swapping between cultures. Bali High Wedding. It's next Sunday on Compass. So, until then, goodnight. Closed Captions by CSI THEME MUSIC CHEERING AND APPLAUSE Hello, I'm Andrew Hansen and welcome to Strictly Speaking, the show where the contestants can talk under water, which is how I first envisioned the programme before they halved the budget. Tonight's clash of the tongue-twisting titans is between a Sunshine Coast surfer studying law, a school teacher and mother of four, and an Iraqi refugee who enjoys a hit of cricket. Each speaker gives two speeches, a show and tell speech they've brought with them and an impromptu one which they'll have to cope with on the spot. Tonight's winner rides the glass elevator up to the finals where they'll fight Vermicious Knids to become Australia's best speaker. Last night a genie granted me three wishes and they came true in the form of these perfect judges. First, it's that white witch of wit, Jean Kittson. Whoa! CHEERING AND APPLAUSE Joining her is God's spokesman on earth bathed in a shaft of pure sunlight, it's His Holiness, Father Bob Maguire. CHEERING AND APPLAUSE And finally, the playwright of such erudition, I feel smarter just looking in the direction of his head. Please welcome Michael Gurr. CHEERING AND APPLAUSE Now, Winston Churchill used to practise his speeches to his dog. Oh! Silly old drunk. How do you practise, Jean? I go over and over and over my speech so I mutter it. I mutter it at the hairdresser's when I'm getting my hair done, I just mutter, mutter, mutter. No wonder people steer clear of you in the street. Yeah. (LAUGHS) LAUGHTER Father Bob, do you spend much time preparing? I prefer dot points, preferably one. And I don't prepare finally until the last minute when I come in and see the audience, and I look at the audience and that is my preparation by imagining that I'm going to enjoy myself and so are they! LAUGHTER Michael, what was Churchill's greatest asset? He wrote all of his speeches in the bath and used to spend most of his working day naked. Really? Well, let's not keep our speakers waiting now. It's the prepared speech round. First out of the gate tonight is a full-time uni student who says young people are the voice of the future. I'm Taylor Bunnag, I've from the Sunshine Coast and I'm doing a double degree, journalism and law, at the Queensland University Of Technology. I've been involved in a lot of public speaking. I started when I was around 14 years of age, in Grade Eight. I went to Nambour State High School last year like Kevin Rudd. I was a member of the debating team like Kevin Rudd, and I had an interest in politics so we do have similarities. I hope I'm better looking, though. LAUGHTER Oh, Mr Rudd would be seething with jealousy, if he had emotions. Please welcome Rudd's successor, Taylor Bunnag and his speech, No Money, No Worries. CHEERING AND APPLAUSE

When I was 13, I had two goals. The first, get to 14, the second, learn how to talk to girls - without hyperventilating. So, you can forgive me for being a little surprised when I saw a young girl reading a book entitled, Rich Dad, Poor Dad, A Guide To Wealth Creation. And it got me thinking, have we become so obsessed with money that even our 13-year-olds are making it their number one priority? Have we become so obsessed with money that it's no longer the forces of Mother Nature that make this world go round and round? No, no, no. It's money. Cold hard cash. What's so good about this money thing anyway? You can't eat it. Smells a little funny. And it's not loyal to you. This $10 note right here, it's probably been in more back pockets than most politicians. LAUGHTER So, if money's that bad, then what's so good about it? If the global financial crisis has taught us anything,