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Good evening. Welcome to 'Lateline'. I'm Ali Moore. 1,000 workers lost their jobs today,
Australia's high dollar and cheaper overseas imports. The job cuts in the steel industry are not
expected, but again raise the question of how Australian manufacturing Australian manufacturing can
compete in the current environment, where the booming resource sector is pushing up costs. Unions
say local producers are being hurt by China keeping its currency artificially low giving its
exports an unfair advantage.

I understand why the union movement would be urging Chinese authorities to lift their exchange
rate, would help us if they did. The United States is a much bigger economy and has been seeking
exactly that from that from the Chinese authorities for a very long time and it's fine for the
union movement to add its voice to that.

Trade Minister Craig Emerson is our guest tonight. First our other headlines. It is indeed a hammer
blow for steel exports with BlueScope axing 1,000 jobs across two States. Canberra convoy. Truckies
drive into the nation's capital to protest against the carbon tax and a host of host of other
issues. And police confirm shoes found at the site where Daniel Morcombe was allegedly murdered
were the

Libyan rebels' representative joins Lateline

ALI MOORE, PRESENTER: Let's go to the US capital where I'm joined by Ali Aujali.

He's the diplomatic representative in Washington for Libya's National Transitional Council.

He was formerly Colonel Gaddafi's ambassador to the US until his defection in February.

Ali Aujali, welcome to the program and thanks for joining us on this historic day for your country.

ALI AUJALI, LIBYAN TRANSITIONAL COUNCIL: Thank you.

ALI MOORE: The speed of the rebels' advance on Tripoli appears to have caught many by surprise.
What are you hearing from Tripoli and in particular about the whereabouts of Colonel Gaddafi?

ALI AUJALI: Well, the - Tripoli - 95 per cent of Tripoli under the control of the TNC forces now. I
believe Gaddafi, he's in Libya, but nobody can confirm anything yet. But my information that he's
still in Libya.

ALI MOORE: What will happen to him?

ALI AUJALI: Well, we have to get him, we have to capture him. He has to face justice for what he
did for the Libyan people for the last 42 years. We must get him. If we don't get him, this is -
this will worry us for the long time. We have to get him.

If he's still in Libya, that's fine. But if he managed to get out of Libya, especially if he go to
Africa, that will be a very serious security issue for the Libyan people as we have a long border
with the African countries and this will be our concern.

ALI MOORE: And does the National Transitional Council want to deal with him yourselves or will you
hand him over to the international justice system?

ALI AUJALI: Well if you ask me personally, maybe I prefer to hand him to international court of
criminals, but I believe the Libyan people, they want to see Gaddafi present to justice in Libya.
And I think the Libyan people they have the right to do that. It is up to the Libyan people
completely.

I think even the TNC, they cannot decide this. It is up to the people what they do with Gaddafi.
Either they hand him to the ICC or they present him to the court in the Libyan system.

ALI MOORE: The rebel forces are a very disparate group, aren't they? I mean, they're made up of
former government ministers who have defected, of long-time opposition figures - there's a whole
range of political views. How much do they have in common beyond getting rid of Gaddafi?

ALI AUJALI: We have in common all the Libyans including the TNC that we establish a democratic
country in North Africa, to join the democratic international community. This is the most urgent
issue for us.

We want people to enjoy their wealth, which Gaddafi and his family been enjoying it for more than
four decades.

We want security, we want our dreams to come true, we want to enjoy democracy, we want to enjoy
freedom of speech, we want to observe human rights, we want to have a good international relations,
smooth relation with the world.

The Libyan diplomat, they suffer for the last 42 years. You don't know how much we are under
pressure. We have a most critical and tough job ever diplomat can carry.

And this is what they want. The young Libyan people, they sacrifice their lives for the democracy.
They want to see their children enjoy this which unfortunate my generation was not succeed to get
rid of Gaddafi. There many sacrifice, but unfortunately they were not enough to get rid of this
ugly regime.

ALI MOORE: At the same time though, and I guess we have seen it over the last couple of months, as
I said, this is a very disparate group and there is a very broad range of views - the secularists,
the socialists, the Islamists, the business people.

How difficult is it going to be to keep everyone together united with a single purpose now that
you've achieved the goal, or appear to have achieved the goal, of getting rid of Gaddafi?

ALI AUJALI: No, I don't - I cannot really agree with you to say they are disparate. They are not
disparate.

This is what we want to see in Libya: diversity among our society. We've been ruled by Gaddafi, by
one mind, by one theory, by one thoughts, by one man. This is have to be changed, the socialists,
the Islamists, the (inaudible) - all of them, they must participate to build the Libyan society.

That's what we want to do. This is why Libya is backward, this is why Libya they don't enjoy their
wealth, because we have only one man, he decide our future, he can put you out and he can put you
down. That's the era of this regime is over.

ALI MOORE: How deep is that appetite for democracy among the Libyan people?

ALI AUJALI: They are very hungry. They're very hungry for democracy. Imagine that the people that
cannot express their own ideas on the paper or on the internet. You can be arrested if you
criticise the government, if you criticise the regime. And this is part of our life.

We are not only live by water and bread, no. This is not - this is not now it is things which
people you cannot prevent from enjoying it. This is our right, the Libyan people, they have to
enjoy their freedom, they have to speak, they have to make their futures. And they have - we must
have opposition, we must have a government, we must have a discussion.

We have to train our people for the atmosphere of democracy. Young generation, now, the one who
born in 1969, now he's 42 years of age. He's not really young now. Then at least they have more
time to enjoy more than I do.

ALI MOORE: As you say, you have to train your people for the atmosphere of democracy. I guess that
sort of highlights the enormity of the task, and plus just physically you now have a country where
the economy is in turmoil, public services have been damaged.

What happens next? When does the Transitional Council, or how quickly can the Transitional Council,
actually set up the structures of government?

ALI AUJALI: They have a road map now. After Tripoli now has been controlled by the revolutionaries,
now the TNC, they have to go through Tripoli, they have the draft of the Constitution, they have to
elect a conference, they have to elect the - set up the system to make the ready country for the
election.

Then we have the road map and the draft constitution which is really put in details what we should
do. And I have a great trust in the TNC. They are very honest people. They are very well-organise.
They learn a lot from what happening from February. You see the takeover of Tripoli; it is amazing.
Nobody can believe that Tripoli will be under the control of the TNC in less than one day, with the
very minimum of casualties.

ALI MOORE: Well indeed. When you defected in February, did you have any thought that it could come
as quickly as it did?

ALI AUJALI: Oh, oh, I really - I was really desperate when I resigned because Gaddafi's regime was
in Libya for four decades. I was very sure that would not be an easy issue to get rid of him, and
would not be simple and the price will be very costly.

And I believe Gaddafi, he will never give up. He will never come out to the people and they said,
"Yes, I am sorry. I didn't treat you well and I leave you alone." He will never do this.

Until now, he is still fighting, he is still killing people. Do you think he's killing people
thinking that he - thinking that he will re-control Tripoli or Benghazi or other - no, just
revenge, just - this man he touch completely - he has no touch with reality. He doesn't know what
it looks like, what happening with him.

His last speeches he's telling the people to go out in the street. He want one million Libyans to
push out the revolutionary from the capital. I think something wrong with him completely from his -
mentally wrong with him, I'm sure.

ALI MOORE: Well Ali Aujali, your country faces many challenges and thank you so much for talking
with us this evening and we look forward to talking with you again.

ALI AUJALI: Thank you for Australian support.

High dollar blamed for steel downturn

ALI MOORE, PRESENTER: Moves by BlueScope Steel to cut 1,000 jobs in New South Wales and Victoria
have raised serious concerns about the future of some of Australia's manufacturing sector.

The high Australian dollar is being blamed for the downturn and unions say mining companies need to
stop buying cheap steel from China.

John Stewart reports.

JOHN STEWART, REPORTER: After losing $1 billion in the past year, BlueScope Steel today announced
its days of being a steel exporter are over.

PAUL O'MALLEY, BLUESCOPE CEO: We are facing significant structural change in the global steel
industry and macro-economic factors as an Australian manufacturer are such that we can't continue
to be a steel exporter from Australia.

JOHN STEWART: BlueScope's CEO says the high dollar has made Australian steel far less attractive to
overseas customers and the rising international demand for Australian minerals has also made local
steel production far less profitable.

PAUL O'MALLEY: As a steel producer at the turn of the millennium we were paying about $20 a tonne
for iron ore and $25 a tonne for coking coal. Today we are paying over $300 a tonne for coking coal
and close to $200 a tonne for iron ore."

JOHN STEWART: 3,000 people are employed at BlueScope in Port Kembla south of Sydney. Eight hundred
of them will lose their jobs.

RISTO TANCEVSKI, STEEL WORKER: People are going to find struggle. They're going to find struggle
big time. I feel sorry for people with a lot younger families than myself.

JOHN STEWART: Another 200 jobs will go at the Western Port steel mill at Hastings, east of
Melbourne. And more jobs will be lost through the flow-on effects to contractors.

HILDA RACHID, CAFE OWNER: If you go into all of the shops, I would say, they going to tell that's
going to affect each one of us. Because this area depends on BlueScope.

GRAHAM PITTOCK, MAYOR OF MORNINGTON PENINSULA: We're obviously disappointed. We're also going to
lose probably 50 contracts, 50 contractors work, so it might turn into 300 jobs.

JOHN STEWART: The Government has reacted by setting up a $30 million fund to encourage new
businesses and jobs in the Illawarra and Mornington Peninsula. The NSW Government has also chipped
in.

And the Federal Government will release $100 million early from the carbon tax compensation package
and help workers re-train.

JULIA GILLARD, PRIME MINISTER: We've also determined to make available $10 million worth of
services and support to the individual workers involved. We want to make sure that people do get
the services and support they need to help them get the next opportunity, the next job, the next
change in their life.

JOHN STEWART: The Opposition says the Government could help BlueScope by scrapping the carbon tax.

TONY ABBOTT, OPPOSITION LEADER: Why is she making a bad situation worse by introducing a carbon tax
at the worst possible time, and isn't the best rescue package for the whole economy just to dump
this toxic tax?

JOHN STEWART: Unions say the artificially low Chinese yuan means imported Chinese steel is cheaper
than the local product and mining companies are buying it rather than Australian steel.

PAUL HOWES, AUSTRALIAN WORKERS UNION: This is the dark side of the resource boom. The workers
behind me are the victims of the resource boom. That's why things like a mineral resources rent tax
makes sense. That's why having procurement policies putting pressure on Australian resource
companies to use Australian componentry and materials makes sense.

JOHN STEWART: Mining magnate Gina Rinehart has reportedly sourced railway tracks for a large
project from China rather than buying Australian steel.

The Treasurer says there is room for Australian mining companies to buy more local steel, but it's
unfair to expect companies to buy all of their steel here.

WAYNE SWAN, TREASURER: I also know that it is unrealistic to expect that these major projects won't
be sourcing a significant amount of product from overseas, because they are very big investments.

JOHN STEWART: BlueScope shares ended the day almost six per cent down.

John Stewart, Lateline.

Trucker protest becomes catch-all rally

ALI MOORE, PRESENTER: A catch-all protest against the Government turned into a media circus this
afternoon when a high-profile broadcaster took aim at members of the Canberra press gallery.

Alan Jones was the headline act at a rally of about 500 protestors from across regional Australia.

Political correspondent Tom Iggulden reports from Canberra.

TOM IGGULDEN, REPORTER: The pre-dawn assault on Capital Hill. A truck convoy drawn from all over
regional Australia rumbled into the parliamentary precinct, doing laps of Parliament House and the
road that runs by The Lodge. The drivers had much to protest about.

RALLY SPEAKER: We believe the Federal Government is failing to protect our borders.

RALLY SPEAKER II: And we have our politicians allowing the sale of our agricultural land to
overseas government investors.

TOM IGGULDEN: When the spoken word wouldn't do ...

RALLY SPEAKER III: The cost of living just continues to go up.

TOM IGGULDEN: ... the protest turned to song.

SINGER: Take your toxic tax and let us be. Enough's enough ...

TOM IGGULDEN: The issues ranged from the small ...

RALLY SPEAKER IV: We need truth in labelling from this government and we need it now.

TOM IGGULDEN: ... to the very big.

RALLY SPEAKER V: The United Nations environmental program in terms of the deaths is in the same
league of Earth's worst mass murderers as Hitler, Stalin and Mao.

ALAN JONES, RADIO BROADCASTER: For all of this we've got a carbon tax. And that's what you're
concerned about, isn't it?

TOM IGGULDEN: Less than 200 trucks and 500 protestors took part, thousands less than organisers had
predicted.

TONY ABBOTT, OPPOSITION LEADER: There are hundreds of you here; there are thousands of you who
would like to be here and there are millions of you who are sick of being ripped off by a bad
government.

TOM IGGULDEN: The Government made fun of the lower-than-expected turnout.

ANTHONY ALBANESE, TRANSPORT MINISTER: The Convoy of No Consequence, Mr Speaker.

TOM IGGULDEN: But the headline act had his own theory.

ALAN JONES: These people can't get in. There are thousands - someone and will someone in the
Gillard Government tell us who gave the instructions. ... I do ask the media who are here to
objectively report this. There are two kilometres of trucks have been stopped at the ACT border.

TOM IGGULDEN: Some media did objectively report that police hadn't stopped anyone at the border. In
fact they'd provided an escort to some drivers.

Mr Jones turned on a Sky News reporter who took the police's word over his.

ALAN JONES: That's the fellow over there. Come on. Come on, get over here and explain yourself.

TOM IGGULDEN: And a Fairfax reporter says Mr Jones called her a grub when she asked him if he'd
been paid to appear at the rally.

As the trucks continued to circle, their horns didn't have it all their own way. A bicycle rally
organised by Greenpeace attracted almost as many vehicles as the truck rally.

Their message was more focused, arguing in favour of the carbon tax.

But inside Parliament, questions are still being asked about Labor MP Craig Thomson.

The Opposition tried to get an answer from Labor powerbroker Senator Mark Arbib about whether he
arranged for a cash gift to Mr Thomson from the Labor Party to bail him out of his legal bills, but
that drew a blank.

The Opposition's now pushing NSW Police to open an investigation into Mr Thomson about whether he
used a union credit card to pay for prostitutes before he became a member of Parliament.

GEORGE BRANDIS, SHADOW ATTORNEY-GENERAL: I am this afternoon writing to Mr Scipione, the Police
commissioner.

TOM IGGULDEN: The heat is still slowly being turned up on Mr Thomson.

Tom Iggulden, Lateline.

Trade Minister Emerson joins Lateline

ALI MOORE, PRESENTER: After today's job cuts in the steel industry, the Minister for Trade, Craig
Emerson, joined me from our Canberra studio a short time ago.

Craig Emerson, welcome to Lateline.

CRAIG EMERSON, TRADE MINISTER: Thanks very much.

ALI MOORE: A thousand jobs lost today at BlueScope. There have been hundreds lost before. In effect
is the Government powerless to stop these jobs going? Business will go where the product is
cheapest.

CRAIG EMERSON: It is a product in fact of the high exchange rate, which itself is a consequence of
Australia's booming mining sector.

This is the classic two-speed economy where our booming mining sector is actually driving the value
of the dollar up, but that of course is a burden for our export-oriented manufacturers and those
that seek to compete against imports.

So, I guess it's a market price and it has its economic consequences. What can we do about that?
Well we won't be refixing the exchange rate, which was last fixed back in 1983, but we can do what
we can to reduce business cost, to invest in skills, to invest in research and development and in
infrastructure and that's what we're doing.

ALI MOORE: How much of what's happening in Australia is because of what's happening in China and
indeed the fact that the Chinese government doesn't float its yuan? The unions here certainly say
that the Chinese have an unfair advantage because the yuan is kept artificially low.

CRAIG EMERSON: Well I think the fundamentals are that China has a voracious appetite for Australian
minerals and energy resources because of its rapid industrialisation and its rapid urbanisation as
people move from paddy fields into factories and from country areas into towns and cities.

We visited recently cities with 10 million or more people in them, one with 30 million people by
2020. China will have 93 cities bigger than the size of Sydney at that time. So that's what's
really ...

ALI MOORE: But how is that connected to the cost of its exports?

CRAIG EMERSON: That's what's driving fundamentally the demand for minerals and that then is driving
up the exchange rate. Now we can argue about the appropriate level of the Chinese currency, but the
fundamentals are what's driving the high dollar.

ALI MOORE: But do you agree though with the unions, with Paul Howes from the Australian Workers
Union, who says the Chinese have an unfair advantage because they keep their exchange rate
artificially low? The yuan is not free-floated.

CRAIG EMERSON: It is true that the yuan is not a freely floating currency. Australia would have a
bit more of a competitive advantage if the yuan were appreciated. The authorities have actually
done that to a limited extent and one of the reasons that they do that is because it helps control
inflation in China, which has hit 6.5 per cent.

ALI MOORE: But they've done, what, 3 per cent, 4 per cent appreciation over the past year. Is that
enough, and realistically, can Australia do anything to try and encourage them to do any more?

CRAIG EMERSON: Yeah, sure, well, look, I'm not a market analyst who magically knows what the
equilibrium exchange rate is in a free market when it's not a free market.

I understand why the union movement would be urging the Chinese authorities to lift their exchange
rate. It would help us if they did. The United States is a much bigger economy and has been seeking
exactly that from the Chinese authorities for a very long time, and it's fine for the union
movement to add its voice to that. If that happened ...

ALI MOORE: Will you be adding the Government's voice?

CRAIG EMERSON: Well, we make these points, but it's not something that we make as an argument each
and every day. What we make as an argument each and every day, including on my trip to China, is
let's both build the relationship in minerals and energy, but also diversify the relationship into
services and where we can be competitive in manufacturing as well.

ALI MOORE: The chairman of BlueScope Steel, Graham Kraehe, made the point on 7.30 tonight that
resources projects, and in his words, even government jobs, are using European or Asian
specifications that exclude local manufacturers.

Is he right and should there be a requirement that specifications for tenders should be in a way
that Australian producers can compete?

CRAIG EMERSON: Oh, well, wherever that's possible, that's what we would want to see. And in fact we
have an active program of helping Australian manufacturers and equipment suppliers to compete for
these sorts of projects. It's not perfect. Nothing can ever be perfect.

ALI MOORE: But is he right that often there are specifications that are European or Asian that
exclude local manufacturers?

CRAIG EMERSON: Well, I actually don't, you know, view these specifications. I'm giving you an
honest answer. If Mr Kraehe or company executives say that, I don't have reason to doubt it.

What I can do is work as a member of the Government, of Cabinet to ensure that we give our
Australian suppliers the best possible chance without moving into the arena of compulsory
obligations in terms of percentages of local content. And to the credit of many, including most in
the union movement, they're not actually seeking a guarantee of minimum local content, they're
seeking an opportunity to compete, which is fair enough.

ALI MOORE: The Government's brought forward around $100 million of assistance that was part of the
whole carbon tax arrangement. Will that leave the industry potentially short when the carbon tax
does take effect?

CRAIG EMERSON: No, and this is something that obviously is in the interests of the industry to - at
this time. Obviously we feel for the families that are affected by the decisions that were
announced today, but this is an understanding that has been reached with the industry.

They fully understand that we're bringing some of these funds forward. It's not a net addition to
the total of funds that are available under the scheme, but this is something that is suitable for
them and suitable for the Government.

So that's why we're doing it: we're seeking to cushion the blow, if you like, but without getting
into a highly protectionist stance here. The industry isn't asking for that, and nor is the
industry by the way saying that this is due to putting a price on carbon. It's actually due to the
high Australian dollar.

ALI MOORE: Craig Emerson, if your credit card was used by someone to pay for prostitutes, or indeed
any other service, would you want to know who it was? If your signature had apparently been forged,
would you report it to police?

CRAIG EMERSON: Well, I know that you're talking about Craig Thomson here and Craig Thomson has had
a number of allegations made against him. He has denied them. He's said that these allegations are
untrue. And in any event I would point out that there's no suggestion of criminality here.

And I know that the Coalition gets very excited about the idea of somehow forcing Craig Thomson to
resign from Parliament. There's absolutely no reason to do that. The only reason that this is a
source of great excitement for them is that they think this might be an easy way to The Lodge. Well
I can tell them it's not.

ALI MOORE: But minister, a credit card voucher's been tendered to the Supreme Court. It's in Craig
Thomson's name. It's got his driver's licence number on the back and apparently his signature,
though he says it wasn't him. So do you agree that if Mr Thomson is telling the truth, then someone
has committed an offence because forging a signature is a criminal activity?

CRAIG EMERSON: Yeah, well, I don't think there's a criminal allegation against Mr Thomson. I
haven't heard even Senator George Brandis make that. And these ...

ALI MOORE: But are you surprised this case hasn't been referred to the police?

CRAIG EMERSON: But let's just get this in perspective. This is a set of alleged activities that
allegedly occurred before Mr Thomson became a member of Parliament. Now, I wouldn't want to be
judged on everything that I did from the age of 18 through to 44 when I joined the Parliament.

ALI MOORE: Sure, but this is not an alleged activity, this is a credit card voucher that has his -
apparently has his signature on it and he says it's not his. So, something's gone wrong there,
hasn't it? And why is there not a police investigation into it? This voucher exists and it
apparently has his name on it and he says it's not him.

CRAIG EMERSON: Obviously that's a matter for the police, and it's not a matter for politicians to
determine whether there is a basis for any police investigation. Indeed, there is no suggestion
that there is a police investigation.

And I think we'd get into pretty tricky times if we actually got into a situation where the
Coalition wants to be, and that is to write to the police and tell them they must conduct an
investigation. There's this quaint notion of the separation of powers which we should respect.

ALI MOORE: Sure, but I go back to the point that there is a - but there is ...

CRAIG EMERSON: Well let's respect the separation of powers and not have politicians telling the
police what they should do. And that's what the Coalition is seeking to do.

ALI MOORE: But in this case Craig Thomson would be the aggrieved party, he would be the victim,
wouldn't he? There is a credit card voucher which was his credit card, it has his apparent
signature on it and it wasn't him. Isn't that a matter that we need some clarification on? If it
wasn't him, who was it? Whose union funds - or who from the union was doing it? Who was using this
card?

CRAIG EMERSON: Well that's a matter for Craig Thomson in his capacity as then a member, in fact a
leading member of a trade union. Those allegations and those claims ...

ALI MOORE: But doesn't it go to the issue and his ability and his fitness to hold office now?

CRAIG EMERSON: Why? Could you explain to me the basis in which he should resign from the
Parliament? I actually think it's an outrageous proposition that someone who has alleged to have
done something - well you just asked me.

ALI MOORE: I didn't suggest he should resign from Parliament at all. I'm enquiring as to why
there's not an investigation.

CRAIG EMERSON: No, no, you just asked me doesn't this mean he's not fit for Parliament or doesn't
this question his fitness for Parliament? No, it doesn't. No, it doesn't. The basis upon whether
someone is fit for Parliament or not is whether they've committed and been found guilty of a
criminal offence with a penalty of a year or more in jail, whether that penalty is applied or not.

Now let's get to the application of such a standard. We have on the Coalition side a senator who is
alleged to have engaged in criminal activity, who's been charged with criminal activity and the
Labor Government has never called for that person to quit Parliament, nor have we ever called for
that person to relinquish her position as a chair of a committee. Now, isn't that a fundamental
difference?

ALI MOORE: But isn't the point there is a transparent legal process in that particular instance.
That person who has been charged has been charged officially by police.

CRAIG EMERSON: Yes.

ALI MOORE: The legal process has begun. There's no question of signatures being forged by unknown
people.

CRAIG EMERSON: Well - and what's the suggestion of illegality or criminality on the part of Craig
Thomson? None. None. I'm just simply saying ...

ALI MOORE: But obviously someone forged the signature. I'm not saying it was Craig Thomson, but his
signature was there and he says it wasn't him.

CRAIG EMERSON: If crimes were committed around Australia, it's not the responsibility of the
federal parliamentary Labor Party - if crimes were committed around Australia, before someone came
into Parliament, to then take action and ask Mr Thomson to resign from Parliament.

Sorry. Out of luck. We're not going to do it. What we simply want to do is have the application of
one standard, not two. Mr Abbott has a double standard.

ALI MOORE: So you see no issue here that needs to at least be clarified as to what actually
happened with this credit card?

CRAIG EMERSON: Well Mr Thomson has provided his version of events and we accept that version of
events. We have no reason other than to accept that version of events.

But if we're going to get on to matters of criminality, then there is a Coalition senator that Mr
Abbott has not said should even stand aside from a parliamentary committee of which she chairs, let
alone leave the Parliament, which is the standard they seek to apply to Mr Thomson, who has no
criminal allegations against him whatsoever.

ALI MOORE: Craig Emerson, many thanks for joining Lateline.

CRAIG EMERSON: Thank you very much.

Another digger has died in Afghanistan . He's the 29th Australian killed in the war and the eighth
this year. The Defence Chief released details of the incident in Canberra a short time ago. He
short time ago. He said an improvised explosive blew up alongside the soldier's patrol, 85
kilometres north east of 85 kilometres north east of the main Australian base in Tarin Kowt.

The soldier was seriously wounded and received immediate first aid from his patrol mates, before an
aeromedical team transferred him to medical facility in Tarin Kowt where he received further
medical treatment. Unfortunately, the soldier died from his wounds shortly after arrival. The
soldier was a respected member of the Townsville-based 2nd Battalion the Royal Australian Regiment.
Although this was his first deployment to deployment to Afghanistan, he had previously served in
East

Australian soldier killed in Afghanistan

ALI MOORE, PRESENTER: Another digger has died in Afghanistan.

He's the 29th Australian killed in the war and the eighth this year.

The Defence chief released details of the incident in Canberra a short time ago. He said an
improvised explosive blew up alongside the soldier's patrol, 85 kilometres north-east of the main
Australian base in Tarin Kowt.

DAVID HURLEY, DEFENCE CHIEF: The soldier was seriously wounded and received immediate first aid
from his patrol mates before an aeromedical team transferred him to the Role 2 medical facility in
Tarin Kowt where he received further medical treatment.

Unfortunately, the soldier died from his wounds shortly after arrival. The soldier was a respected
member of the Townsville-based 2nd Battalion, the Royal Australian Regiment.

Although this was his first deployment to Afghanistan, he had previously served in East Timor in
2009. He deployed to Afghanistan with MTF3 in June.

ALI MOORE: Australia's Defence chief there.

High Court hears claim against offshore processing

ALI MOORE, PRESENTER: In Canberra, a full bench of the High Court of Australia has begun hearing a
landmark case challenging the legality of sending asylum seekers for processing offshore.

Today, the court allowed the Human Rights Commission to intervene in the case brought on behalf of
the first detainees due to be sent to Malaysia.

There were small protests in Canberra and in Melbourne, where people marched to Immigration
Department offices accusing the Federal Government of denying detainees' human rights.

'JT', MALAYSIAN STUDENT: Malaysia has one of the worst human rights abuse record towards refugees.
They lock up thousands of refugees.

ALI MOORE: The High Court will continue hearing the case tomorrow.

Shoe breakthrough in Morcombe search

ALI MOORE, PRESENTER: Police have confirmed that a pair of shoes found in the Sunshine Coast
hinterland were the same brand worn by Daniel Morcombe when he disappeared.

Searchers are scouring a site for clues to the teenager's fate after the arrest of a 41-year-old
Perth man last week.

Late yesterday, three human bones were uncovered.

BRUCE MORCOMBE, FATHER: We choked with emotion being the possibility that it is Daniel, and of
course we're really hopeful that it is.

ALI MOORE: The bones and shoes will be forensically tested and it could take several weeks to
determine whether they belong to the missing teenager.

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