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(generated from captions) commentators believe if Labor

expected a boost in the polls,

then Mike Rann's determination

to stay on could cost

them. That really takes the gloss away from might've hoped for Labor, for

the Labor Party strategist s of

a honeymoon for the incoming

Jay Wetherill and his new

ministry. So since Friday, south Australians have been south

made aware they will have a new

premier. What hasn't been answered is when or why. So

it's interesting to watch this

pan out as it always is. A sort

of tragedy that sound surrounds

the long-term leader who now sees the dying days and how

We'll be back at the same time they actually handle that. And

tomorrow, but for now,

goodnight. Closed Captions by CSI This Program is Captioned Live # Theme music Hello, I'm Lisa McCune I have had the great honour and for the last five years of the Royal Australian Navy of working alongside members drama series Sea Patrol. in the making of the television a 70-year struggle Tonight's program is about truly heroic World War II sailors - to recognise the actions of two Teddy Sheean and Captain Hec Waller. reinvestigating their acts of bravery A Government enquiry is now what many see as a great injustice. with the chance to finally correct award for an act of bravery A Victoria Cross is the highest in wartime. It's a strange accident of history Navy has ever won a Victoria Cross. that no sailor of the Australian and no shortage of valour, There is no shortage of courage and I think they see an injustice

like it remedied. and they would very much

has been a bit of a folklore story The Teddy Sheean story and the northwest coast in Tasmania around Launceston probably for decades. in the last year or so I've become more interested with Garry Ivory because I've made a connection

who's a nephew of Teddy Sheean.

in the search for Teddy I've been involved for about just over 20 years now. Teddy Sheean was my uncle it was never talked about, and when we were growing up

that died in the war I just knew I had an uncle or that's what I thought. # THE LAST POST Lest we forget. I'm Teddy Sheean's nephew. Oh! It's really good to meet you. It's sort of a strange feeling, you feel very, very proud you get the sadness in it too. but also and what his shipmates went through. You start remembering what he did every time. That's what goes through my mind and on the seas NEWSREEL: All over Australia stands to arms, the flower of our manhood even their life, ready to offer everything they have, to guard you and yours. You have Teddy Sheean, who's joined for the war, who's a volunteer who is very sketchily trained and really has been trained and learning his craft as much by being on board Armidale who's joined for the war, in the ship's company. and learning from the others HMAS Armidale was just a corvette and a couple of anti aircraft guns. with a little pop gun up the front who's joined for the war, doing convoy escort, They were workhorses shooting at passing air craft occasionally hunting a submarine, they worked their guts out. that sort of thing, was by no means a glamorous ship But Armidale like so many Australian ships were, and she was trapped, I suppose, after the fall of Singapore. in the shambles From the families' point of view of the search for Teddy and the VC I think they class me as the leader and it's quite an honour to do that.

in the Royal Australian Navy. In April 1941 Teddy Sheean enlisted of the commissioning crew After various placements he was part for HMAS Armidale. alongside the HMAS Castlemaine, When I first went come in Victoria, the sister ship to Armidale closer to Teddy. it was a feeling that I was getting about it all. I feel a bit eerie

by this 90-year-old gentleman I was very, very fortunate to be met who I know as Bluey. and give me a display He went on the Oerlikon gun 90-year-old man doing these things and it was so amazing that this

with myself personally. that I struggled around the back. A strap came in around here, And he was full of knowledge, about how the Armidale was set out. and he explained a lot a plane around, like so. And that's how you would follow

there were 16 siblings In the Sheean family signed up for the armed forces - and out of the 16 there were six and his brother Thomas in the Navy four in the Army and Ted was the youngest and out of the six Ted out of them all and he was the only one that never made it home. and my Grandfather ever got over it. I don't think my Grandmother

'Just a few lines in answer I received yesterday. to your ever welcomed letter

of any of us not coming back, I don't think you need be frightened and best of wishes for the present. but I must say cheerio From your loving son, Ted.' the ship and the most junior He was the youngest fellow on but he wasn't meek,

about him he had a lot of get up and go and he was in fact quite outspoken in awe of authority. and in no way at all That was Teddy.

during the day in different places, We went about our work where I was a submarine detector, I on the bridge

Teddy elsewhere. we had what I call a gunner, On the Oerlikon, and the loader the number one man and Teddy was the loader. while the gun was firing. He was kept pretty busy On 1 December 1942 in an operation the Armidale had been involved

the Australian forces in Timor. in an attempt to resupply operation didn't go completely right For a number of reasons the by the Japanese and the Armidale was detected of Japanese aircraft. and attacked by overwhelming numbers on the port side, We were hit by a torpedo it was a very loud explosion immediately and it really doomed the ship because she took a list to port in that direction. and started leaning heavily over The captain very quickly gave the order to abandon ship which we did mighty quickly. When the Japanese attempted to machine gun the survivors in the water after they'd left the ship Sheean went back to one of the light anti-aircraft weapons, strapped himself to it and proceeded to engage the Japanese aircraft and that he continued to do so even as the ship went down, effectively sacrificing any real chance of survival. I stopped and turned around and looked and all I could see was the last bit of the stern of Armidale disappearing.

Teddy bought down one plane and possibly another two.

And he was last seen continuing to try and work the weapon

as the ship went down. What went through his mind we will of course never know.

Even as the Armidale was sinking beneath the waves, the tracer bullets kept firing up. I have got no doubt when he strapped himself into that gun he knew there was no return, he knew he was going to die. It was quite a sad...sight because... ..we had just lost our ship and our home

and I knew quite a lot of shipmates.

So many people lost their lives. Out of the 149 people on board there were 49 survivors. We got together, the survivors and we started to construct a raft. Some of the group on the raft managed to patch up a life boat, got into it and were rescued eight days later. Those that stayed on the raft vanished, never seen again. I think the Navy is proud of Hec Waller and Teddy Sheean in different ways because they represent the two key strands of the Naval experience in war. There was a thought in those days that a naval officer should be married to the Navy and his ship first and his wife second. So it was quite unusual to be married at the age of 23 for a young officer. Hec had two boys, Michael and John. He was clearly a doting father and family man. I don't specifically remember him going to sea or coming back but certainly father was at sea for a large fraction of my life. But his absence is greatly relieved by looking at the sketches that he did, he sent home in letters. Hec Waller was Australia's finest fighting Naval Captain, beyond doubt. Hec had had enormous success in the Mediterranean in 1941. Returning to Australia, he assumed command of the cruiser Perth

and rapidly worked the ship up to becoming again very efficient, but he was tired. According to accounts, such as his personal steward, he was quite a sick man.

And the ship's doctor would try and drug him up as much as possible. I've just had your Sunday letter darling.

Yes, the news is bad, and worse this morning. I expect at last we will try a bit of hitting below the belt one day, instead of trying to fight Marquis of Queensberry rules all the time. Good to hear the parsley is up and that I have been exonerated from all blame. Love ever darling in haste - Hec. After the fall of Singapore, there was a last ditch effort to protect

what were then called the Dutch East Indies, now modern Indonesia and that was a combination of efforts, between the remaining British forces, the remaining American forces, the Australians and the Dutch. It was a scratch effort - inadequate land forces, very limited naval forces and completely inadequate air forces. NEWSREEL: Recognisance pilots have to fly Moth Minors - flying coffins. Perth was sent up from Australia to take part largely for political reasons - it made no military or naval sense whatsoever to send her.

Waller must have known that he was being sent into a fight that he had little or no hope of winning and probably of no hope of returning from. On the night of February 28 it was a calm night, moonlit, good fighting weather, and Perth ran into this Japanese invasion force of cruisers, destroyers, huge numbers of transports. (Guns blast) Hec gave the order to break through. His act of gallantry in turning his ship into the face of that wall of Japanese naval might was beyond courageous, beyond brave, it was heroic. The Perth was just on the verge of getting away when the ammunition ran out. One torpedo would do the ship in - in fact four hit the ship, all told. She was firing practice shells and star shells which illuminate the sea but don't do any damage. There was the blood and gore of dead men floating in the water, there were wounded men, crying for help and struggling for survival. There were men unharmed but still desperatly clinging to a bit of wreckage or whatever they could. I think Hec Waller was very calm that night. There was no question he was the captain in command, he was never giving up hope until the ship was so badly damaged that it was clear there was nowhere to go. Waller was standing on the bridge looking over to the foredeck to the focsle and he turned to his officers and said, 'get off the bridge.' that was the last seen of Hec Waller, this silent figure staring down at the silent guns below him. Why did he do it? He could have left the ship. What was he thinking? He had a wife and two boys back home to live for. Did he believe that he should go down with the ship as captains did in legend?

Was it quite simply that he was blown away by the next shell that arrived or the next bit of shrapnel? Nobody will ever know because that last glimpse of him was all we have of this stark figure lit by the glare of search lights with his hands on the bridge rail looking down. At the time I was nine and Michael was 14. I was in Kooyongkoot Road walking home and there was Mum standing there and she said, 'the Perth has not responded to a radio message.' There were not too many emotions nor from my grandfather who was living with us and next door. After all he'd lost his youngest son. There was no emotion. Perhaps they didn't want to upset us. Hec Waller's death was a tragedy for the Australian Navy and I think it was a tragedy for Australia

because I have little doubt that he would have gone on to head the Navy and I think he would have been a powerful influence for the good of the navy And I think he would have made a wider contribution to the nation. Maybe being killed suddenly maybe was the best thing in a set of bad circumstances. There were just over 300 people left the ship more or less unscathed. And many of them got ashore. They were all captured. I can only think that the Japanese looked at these people, and said, 'Ah, here's free labour' that, of course, in part was the work on the Burma railway. Anyone who had witnessed Waller's bravery spent the next three years in a Japanese prison camp

so they weren't actually writing recommendations for valour at that time. I think the reason why no Victoria Crosses were awarded, particularly for this period - to be fair to a hard-pressed and undermanned naval staff -

is that there were so many other things on their mind and in the case of the Perth, the stories were so confused, so uncertain, that is it was very difficult to develop proper citations because the Victoria Cross is very rigorous. One of the survivors from Perth went to Navy office and started to tell the story of the Perth and the prisoners and everything they said, 'Oh, let sleeping dogs lie, Owen. Go away, we don't want to know you.' And then he said, 'Yeah, that's all very well, what about a VC for Hec?' And they didn't even reply, which again I think is staggering and that's where the VC rested for a very long time. We believe that Waller and Sheean are people who are worthy of memory and I'm particularly happy that we have ships at sea and submarines named after the people who we think matter to the Navy's history. (Bosun's whistle) ..Lieutenant Commander Owen and Chief Petty Office Costello on behalf of HMAS Sheean and the Royal Australian Navy. The history of each of our submarines is something that we take very seriously and we instil that in our junior sailors when they first join - and indeed our junior officers when they first join the submarine. So one of the things when they earn their Dolphin Badge, part of their training is learning the history behind the name of the ship. So, yeah, we certainly take it very seriously. As far as we're aware, HMAS Sheean is the only vessel in the Commonwealth navies - which is obviously us and the British navies - that has been named after a junior sailor so that in itself is a remarkable honour. Waller and Sheean and some others - they created a tradition for Australian sailors. So, the navy today is proud of its history and its traditions, honours them and I think we would very much like a couple of Victoria Crosses to go with it. The Victoria Cross is made from metal from bronzed cannon captured from the Russians during the Crimean War, they keep one of the things, I think, in the Tower of London and every time they need a Victoria Cross they chip another bit off it. There's quite a bit of me who's wanting to do this for Garry Ivory. He is really dedicated, he's a selfless individual. He is so devoted to pursing this VC for his family and for the name of Teddy Sheean. Hey! How are you, mate? Great to have you in parliament house. Previous efforts have been instigated to recognise Teddy Sheean through the parliament as a one-off effort but I thought, no, strategically that hasn't worked, what's another way? Now, this is very important, because they're independant adult witnesses and I believe the tribunal will put a lot of weight on this material. This sort of evidence is gold. And I thought an independent, objective review should be undertaken because Teddy Sheean - in my view -

would clearly come through in any such review. (Bagpipes play) The last week - few weeks or so have been the best I've felt about it all and I'm starting to get excited, I've never - we've been knocked back before and but this time I feel we've got the answers, we've got everything in place and hopefully they will listen and give us what Teddy duly deserved, a Victoria Cross. Captain Hec Waller has also been nominated as one of the 13 that's under review by the Awards and Honours Tribunal. Clearly he has evidence to support his claim for and on behalf of his crew and his ship, the HMAS Perth. Waller and Sheean are preeminent and it's kind of a nice balance, isn't it? One is the gilded career Naval officer, steeped in the history and tradition, and the other, is a kid from Tasmania, country Tasmania, who joined up for the war to fight for king and country as it then was. Two very different sides of the same naval penny. We'd like to get the Victoria Cross while we've still got some of the Armidale survivors still around. The very fact, just on 69 years later,

the survivors - and there are four of us now - are still doing the same thing. Telling somebody we think it's not too late to reward him with a nation's highest award for valour. I suppose it's courage if you do something in the conscious knowledge that it may kill you. I suspect that both Waller and Sheean met that standard. It wasn't in either case the act of a fool, it was the act of a brave man.

# THOMAS MOORE: The Minstral Boy Closed Captions by CSI This Program is Captioned Live.

Good evening. Virginia Haussegger

with an ABC News update. The inquiry into with an ABC News update. The inquy

with an ABC News update. The inquiry into the Aueensland floods has come

up with 175 recommendations to help deal up with 175 reco?> 6?ions to help

up with 175 recommendations to help deal with a similar catastrophe. The

interim report focuses on Brisbane's

interim report focuses on Brisbane's Wivenhoe Dam as the state's most