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(generated from captions) (Theme music) (Child speaks local language) (Man speaks local language) After four and five electric shocks, he will forget his dreams, he will forget his childhood, he will forget each and everything. Hello there. the work of three people Thanks for joining us as we follow but with one aim - working in very different countries stolen or sold into slavery. to rescue and rehabilitate children That's modern slavery. story that we've chosen to screen, It's a staggering and little-known for the Abolition of Slavery. in the lead-up to International Day It falls on 2nd December. in this story The three people featured from a faith perspective, all approach their work are just remarkable. and their efforts is from the children themselves. But the most powerful testimony of Africa These shores were the last glimpse for more than a million slaves across the sea. shipped to a brutal new existence after the slave trade was outlawed, Today, 200 years these same West African shores... people are still bought and sold near ..and around the world. enslaved at any given time today... As many as 12 million people are ..many of them children. in three corners of the world... Three committed individuals a multi-billion dollar business ..fighting to derail under globalisation - that's flourished the buying and selling of children. on the youngest and most vulnerable. Today's slave traders prey are sold into slavery every day. In this remote part of Togo, children that a better life is possible, Many don't believe Symphorienne Kessougni until they meet sanctuary and safety, and discover that she offers them after helping them to escape. (Sings hymn) these former child slaves Symphorienne tries to reunite but that's not always possible. with their families by herself. She is now raising 17 children My name is... (Speaks name) to care for their children Parents who can't afford to a better life want to believe they're offering them with a distant relative when they send the children to live who promises they'll do small chores or hand them over to a broker or job training. in exchange for school fees The reality is much different. long hours, The boys are forced to work and farms. hauling heavy loads at markets and abused as domestic servants. The girls are exploited Jacob ran away from a family or keep him in school. that couldn't afford to feed him he's vulnerable to the slave traders. He's been living on the streets where a famous musician. He dreams of becoming (Continues prayer) India, Sunitha Krishnan works in Hyderabad, a key transit and destination point sold into sexual slavery. for women and children price that will be paid for her body. The younger the girl, the higher the the main bus terminal Her offices are just above to help young girls where her staff regularly intervenes into leaving their hometowns who have been tricked they are forced into sexual slavery. and coming to the city where I was sitting in a bus stop. 'Where are you going?' A guy came to me and asked me, I told him, 'I don't know. I don't know where to go. I left my house. to go to my house.' I'm just getting afraid I'll give you a job.' He told me, 'Will you come with me? Hindu goddesses are venerated in India, and Bollywood film stars deified from poor families are not as valued. but many young girls They sometimes end up in brothels, by Sunitha's team. like Manisha who was later rescued seven years before. I have come from Chennai I've been sold by a man. told me, 'You have to do this work.' Daily, they used to beat me and only inside. They don't let us to go out, like a jail. Two years we were inside It was very hard to live there. we see only hell. When we do prostitution, I'll die in this prostitution only. I didn't have any hope. I thought youngest at the highest risk. Extreme poverty places Pakistan's brokers deceived poor families For years, into selling their tiniest boys the United Arab Emirates, the UAE. and sending them to would live with wealthy families They promised that the children and receive an education. to become camel jockeys. Instead, the boys were forced dates back thousands of years This sport of sheikhs is a 20th century development. but using young camel jockeys many boys suffered permanent damage Strapped onto the animals, used to keep them on the camels. from electric shocks has rescued dozens of boys Attorney Ansar Burney in the UAE. from primitive desert stables Pakistan's days of martial law, A political prisoner during Ansar says the experience drove him for those who have no voice. to become an advocate of the rescued children. These are some these four children. We rescued them from UAE, Two these and these two are... villages in central Pakistan. Most of the boys come from isolated their children because of poverty. The parents are selling or three or four kids, If they have two they will sell two or three of them for themselves. just to get some food what was happening there. I saw from my own eyes Then nobody was going to believe me. these evidences. Then I started making if you will meet these sheikhs, Because if you go and no such thing in our country.' they will say 'No, there is I can prove it now. I will show you some of the... ..see some of the... ..cassettes. for child camel jockeys, These all are how they were working there, how they were living in UAE, how they were in private prisons how they were on slavery, in Saudi Arabia, in the UAE. in Oman, in Qatar, in Kuwait, sad stories. So these are the evidences I have, The sheikhs and their agents from other people. are buying these children like animals. And they were buying these children these are our children. These are not animals, far better than the young jockeys Ansar says the camels are treated to keep them underweight. who are fed saltwater Many lost much more than weight. After bouncing on the back of the camels each day, the boys' sex organs are often damaged or permanently destroyed. A lot of this has to do with the improper exercise of power where human beings want to have power over other human beings. But it also provides a kind of perverse pleasure for people. Globalisation has opened up new avenues for those who profit from buying and selling children. Today's slave traders are well organised. People sold in one part of the world can now cheaply be transported to an entirely different city or country where they quickly learn that the promises of a better life were lies. Young girls in India are often tricked by someone they know, rather than a stranger. It's usually someone from her hometown who holds out this promise of a bright future. Zahira was an uneducated teenager when she was deceived by an acquaintance who then sold her to a brothel owner. She fought back until she was tortured. I rescued a girl from Goa. She's just 12. She was trafficked at the age of eight. She told us that she was kept in a room for eight days with a snake, she was beaten black and blue everywhere except for her vagina 'til she said, 'Yes, I will prostitute.' I can tell you a million stories of this painfully... Sunitha, a former Hindu nun, has earned the respect of Indian leaders. She operates 17 schools for former child slaves and the children of sex slaves and works with businesses and the government to protect other young girls. She believes in working within the system and out on the streets. Things started becoming rough when I started actually rescuing girls. I've been beaten up more than 14 times in my life. My eardrum is broken. I can't hear from my right ear. My hand is completely disfigured, it's shapeless, it's got different sizes, it goes like that. The organised criminal syndicates are far better organised than the anti-trafficking groups. We need to go a long way. My anger keeps me alive, pushing me, pushing me and pushing me not to stop in the face of adversities, in the face of our hurdles, in the face of absolute frustrations, my anger pushes me to do, do and do. These are children who are trafficked, already trafficked, and they have been rescued from different brothel situations or sex tourism or pornography. Some of the children whom we have identified the families, the families don't want them back because they are all HIV positive. So this is another group of children who have already gone through trauma, already gone through a lot of violations and they then come to us. Our rescue team has been instrumental in getting each of these children out of different situations of sexual slavery. (Speaks in Hindi) Chlorination. CHILDREN: Chlorination. OK? Desiltation. CHILDREN: Desiltation. De... De... Desil... ..sil... ..tation. ..tation. Trafficking is not just a problem of India and Hyderabad, it's a global problem. It's happening in the United States It's a problem of New York, it's a problem of Washington. It's a problem of everywhere. Pakistan's slave traders buy children and sell false dreams to parents who desperately want to believe them. A man will go in a good vehicle and he will pose himself like a sheikh and he will promise to the parents that he needs some of the children to take them to UAE or other Middle Eastern country and will give them a good education. (Men speak in Urdu) Now we are at a place of an agent who took away dozens of children from this village. He run away from the area because of the fear that the people will come, the parents of these missing children will come and they will beat him. So he locked his house and run away. Six-year-old Ashraf was reunited with his family after spending several years as a tiny jockey in Dubai. He was in Dubai for three years as child camel jockey. At the time when he was just only two and a half years old. And last year he came back from UAE. After four and five electric shocks, he will forget his childhood, he will forget his dreams. He will forget each and everything. When these children, underage children will come back to Pakistan and other parts of the Asian countries, they should, they need immediately, they need psychiatrists, psychiatric help. They need doctor, they need little bit education. They need health care. You can see the bruises, and the bone was broken. These sheikhs should pay compensation to these children. This is the right of these children. Slave traders in Togo are able to easily smuggle their young captives into neighbouring countries. Tanty and Amavi were very young when they were deceived into travelling across the border from Togo to Benin for work. The girls were never paid for the domestic work they did in Benin. They made the mistake of trusting a neighbour who was herself enslaved. It's a common recruiting tactic. The workers are allowed to return home just long enough to convince others to join them. They are usually threatened into perpetuating this lie. With Symphorienne's help, the girls escaped and are now learning to become seamstresses in Togo. She encourages former captives to speak out about how they were tricked to prevent others from being deceived. Symphorienne visits the local markets each week, reaching out to the young cart boys. Forced to haul loads weighing more than a hundred pounds, these boys are regularly injured and abused. It takes Symphorienne many months and many visits to earn the trust of these children who have been deceived and devalued. After convincing parents she won't report them to authorities, Symphorienne manages to reunite many children with families who regret letting them go. We are coming from Karachi and at present we are in Multan going to Dera Gazhi Khan to meet a family who lost their child while he was on slavery as child camel jockey in UAE. Ansar keeps track of the young boys rescued from the camel races. He regularly makes the 12-hour drive to central Pakistan to see how they are adjusting. As-Salamu Alaykum. A broker convinced the Hussein family to send two of their sons to Dubai. They were paid a small sum of money and assured that the boys would have better lives there, working as shepherds. Only one son returned home. This is Mr Hussein, Mohammed Hussein, his first wife, his second wife. He is Multazar, the brother of deceased Kaleem. Now we are in a graveyard at the grave of Mohammed Kaleem who died in the legs of camel while he was working as child camel jockey in Dubai. These children are their enjoyment, their miseries are their enjoyment. The sheikhs enjoy the miseries of these unfortunate children. Good morning! Good morning! Good morning! Good morning... Each of these children has seen the worst side of humanity. In spite of that, the amount of love they give you back, it's an amazing amount. She just came to me six months back, this little one. Now, this is Balamani. (Both speak in Hindi) What is your name? My name is... My name is... ..Balamani. ..Balamani. So this one was found to be on a railway track. Lying there in a very rude, mutilated kind of a situation. Of course, we know for sure that she was raped, but who raped her? How did she come about being there? How many people must have raped her, we have no clue. I just cannot digest the brutality that happens to them. Where is that element called faith and trust in all these brutalities? How can humanity sustain its trust factor if we as humankind remain silent about these brutes? there is real tolerance to others. I dream of a world where there is no child who gets abused and therefore will not become an abuser tomorrow. (Speaks in Hindi) Fighting this colossal evil requires fortitude and faith. I particularly feel that I have a very personal relationship with my God. And he tells me every Wednesday what is going to happen for the week. It's a very private ritual, it's my faith. I don't break coconuts every Wednesday. My Ganesha is combined with my Koran. They go together. He's my God because he is like me, very temperamental, very egoistic, very dominating. And very, I would say, loving too. He knows when to take care and when you should not. When I pray to God, I never say, remove my obstacles. I always say, give me strength to face the obstacles. Hallelujah! Amen! Praise the Lord! Hallelujah! Hallelujah! Amen! ? Holy ghost ALL: ? Holy, holy, holy, holy ghost ? Holy ghost ? God then takes control. ? Sometimes I pray to God to save these children. Most of the time I receive phone calls that 'Mr Burney, what are you doing? This is Islamic country and you are doing wrong, you are giving bad name to Islam or the Islamic countries.' I say I have nothing to do with religion. I will have to save the children. I will have to do something for humanity. If they are killing human beings, innocent human beings, they are not Muslims. Human dignity, inherent human dignity, is absolutely fundamental to this issue, which is why you need a faith perspective because in the end, human dignity has to be based on the view that all human beings, whoever they may be, have been created in God's image. What is it that gives them a dignity that cannot be taken away from them? And that question cannot be answered in economic or utilitarian terms, it has to be answered spiritually. ? Holy spirit ? Take control ? 'Cause I'm walking along the way... ? New children arrive at Symphorienne's door each week. Many are left by local officials who find them on the streets, and who can't offer them the healthcare, the attention or the schooling that Symphorienne offers. Symphorienne is convinced that providing education to Africa's children is the key to ending slavery. Given a chance to be children again, these former slaves spend most of their time studying. Symphorienne has set up several small farming businesses to fund the school fees for the children she's raising... well as others living with foster families... ..and those reunited with their own families. Israel escaped from a labour farm where he was forced to work long hours in the fields. Just four years old at the time, he managed to bring his little sister Dorcas with him when he escaped. He's not more than three years old. These all children are camel jockeys and they are in a private prison. They are in Pakistan now. I brought them back to Pakistan. See this boy? He was in UAE for three years. These all were rescued by me. The boys who make it home are still vulnerable. With little access to aftercare or education, they are in danger of being exploited all over again. When we brought these children back to Pakistan, these mullahs starting contacting the families of these children. And they started taking these children to madrasas and said that we will give them food because these are poor, poor people. Mullahs said that 'OK, we will give them food, we will give them education' and like that. One of the challenges for the government of Pakistan is to provide adequate education, training, empowerment for its poor. The alternative that we have seen is very dangerous indeed. It's not just about trafficking and bonded labour, it is actually the destabilising of the whole region and indeed other parts of the world. Despite discouraging statistics, there is change and there is hope. Ansar's strategy goes beyond rescuing the young boys. He's been a driving force behind diplomatic efforts to stop using children as camel jockeys. The UAE has now outlawed the use of jockeys under age 18. That day was a day of paradise for me, when I heard that all the sheikhs are going to close this use of underage children as jockeys. I will never forget that day. Lightweight mechanical jockeys have replaced the tiny human riders. Trainers now use a remote control system to direct the prized animals around the track. But the future of several thousand young boys who spent their childhoods tied to the camels is not so clear. I am trying to get some funds from international bodies to establish a good shelter home. And this is good for United States and Europe as well... ..because you are saving the future. The UAE has committed $9 million to help the former camel jockeys. Several hundred boys have now been returned home. But there are still questions about how many boys were actually sold and how many might still be missing. If they are ready to clean this menace from their country, then it's OK, I will be grateful to them. Because I have no enmity with these sheikhs if they will do good job, if they will do something good for these children, they are my friends. But if not, I am their enemy. Restoring those who have been enslaved is complicated. For Sunitha, helping girls create a new identity involves teaching them job skills so they can support themselves. Around 75 young girls came together and started their own collective enterprise, which is a small-scale industry where the girls make all kind of printing and stationery materials. They make wooden furniture, they make steel furniture. They're doing carpentry, they're doing printing, they're doing book binding. What's very unique about this enterprise is the fact that 80% of the customers are not aware that these girls come from that background. For reintegration, this part plays a very important role. Imagine you are working for a year and you are earning 3,000 rupees per month. It becomes a huge amount. So this works as, like, restoring your identity. You are no more a survivor, you are someone who is working here. Now I'm doing carpenter work. I work in wood. With wood, we make chairs, tables and all. The life they had lived is a life where they were forced for each and everything. But here, choice is given. Slowly they open up, they speak. So they become a very normal beings which they were not. A number of our girls have taken rooms outside, rented apartments and they're staying on their own. Now I'm working, I'm having my own money. I pay my rent, I stay in my house. I buy rice. I buy everything, whatever I want. I am very happy because I am living a very, very good life. Nobody can touch me like. I can stand on my legs. Like that, yeah. Nobody can touch me, any guy. Except my husband. (Laughs) Sunitha tries to create a new family for these girls who can't or won't return home. The youngest are able to enjoy being children for the first time. The older girls savour the freedom to create their own futures. The children throughout the year save for this party. They save their small savings. (Speaks in Hindi) CHILDREN: Yes. They make their small savings and this savings is put for this party. And this day they fast for children of their kind, that every child should benefit from this kind of a program. And they pray for all other children of the world who are more deprived and they fast for them and they break their fast praying that things across the world will be a better place to go. Sunitha also acts as matchmaker, finding husbands for these once exploited girls. Many girls who are rejected by their own families are eventually married by Prajwala to either grooms of their choices or we find grooms for them. I saw her and I thought that I will ask her, 'Do you want to marry me?' I am not a saviour, I am not involved in charity. I want change. I want people to be partners in change. I'm having now a new life because my old life was in hell. Now I'm in a new life in heaven. New lives, transformed through grace and the gritty determination of three extraordinary individuals. Still missing, tens of thousands of other children. Children who have been sold. Children whose stories will never be told. Closed Captions by CSI - Jacqui Mapoon because that is our last program for this year. But watch out for our Christmas special - Sounds Like Christmas. In the meantime, I do hope you enjoy the lead-up to Christmas. We'll be returning in the new year, bigger and better than ever, with a raft of great programs. So until then, goodnight. Closed Captions by CSI