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(generated from captions) Perth 34. Tomorrow in the

local region we'll see more

wide also spread rain and

storms. Cooma a top of 30

degree, Bega and Goulburn 29.

For Canberra, a partly cloudy

day, the chance of showers and

evening, a top of 30 degrees.

Sun will be up at 6.10, setting

again at just before 8.20. In

the longer term, the chance of

showers and storms continuing

right through next week, with

warmer daytime temperatures. That's ABC News. Stay with us

for the '7.30 Report'. You can

keep up with the latest news on

ABC News 24. Thanks for your company. Good night. Closed Captions by CSI This Program Is Captioned Live. Welcome to the program.

I'm Scott Bevan. Shortly we'll

be crossing to Victoria for the

latest on the floods but first

to Queensland. One in 18 people

there has now received a flood

assistance payment and today

the Premier Anna Bligh said the

Government had to consider all issues in order with floods in the future. Last

week, the city of Toowoomba witnessed deadly flash

flooding. The local council is

now defending its now defending its past questions are being asked if mitigation efforts but

too much emphasis has been

placed on development and not

enough on living safely with water. John Taylorer reports

from Toowoomba. It's a peaceful

sunny day in downtown Toowoomba

but just over a week ago on

this very spot, the heart of

one of Australia's inland cities turned into a

nightmare. A landslide of

water was just coming down

from every direction. streets, off parks, overland

Water. And the division reveals

how the residents of Toowoomba

were caught by surprise. The

city is about 700m above sea

level but is water-logged level but is water-logged from

weeks of rain when 160mm was

dumped in 30 minutes. The

result was chaos. Oh, my goodness. I think we thought

didn't matter. We were too

clever. We could tweet, we

could email. We were very

clever, we could fly through

the skies. We forgot we had to

co-exist by living on the

land. Heather Brown is a longtime journalistering now

farmer and thoroughbred breeder

on the outskirts of Toowoomba. After

After the flooding she examined

Toowoomba's east creek and west

creek to try and understand why

the flood was so devastating

compared with others in the past. There past. There were farms and were trees and more importantly

there was dirt and that

absorbed the water. Today we

have bitumen, we have cement and colour bond fences everywhere. She believes an

extreme weather event was made

worse by poor planning. I

think if you walk down the

creeks and have is a look at

the creeks, what's happened to

the creeks, they've created a

funnel effect. Those right back

in the headwaters, there's been

serious mitigation put in

place, we've put some dams and

lakes in to

throw down as it comes downhill

but I think when you start to

come closer they've done some

silly things histor ically like bending the shape bending the shape of the creek

and putting in English bridges, toilet blocks in front and

constantly was beingen funneled under and under the road. The

community is hisening to armchair experts who don't have expertise when we've got

qualified people who can design

the system. Peter Taylor is

shire council. He believes his

community is the victim of

extreme weather. This is not a

matter of infrastructure matter of infrastructure or

development. It's got nothing

to do with that. to do with that. The impact

here has been graphically shown

around the world, it is the

impacts of a severe event, unprecedented weather, torrential tropical downpours.

I'm a citizen of this town who

honestly believes a mother and

her children has the right to

go to a shop in safety or at

least with warnings to know of

any risk. Let us Donna and Jordan. Toowoomba

yesterday buried its flash

flood victims. Hundreds of

people attended the funeral of

mother Donna Rice and her 13-year-old son Justin who were

washed from the roof of their

car. Another son, Blake, was

res cued ed. All I can do is

thank you both and tell anyone

who'll listen how much I loved

you both and how special you are. My angels. The physical reminders of Toowoomba's flash flood are fast disapeering. Only last week this was a

raging river. This is what we've seen on international

television and around the world

where cars are going upside

down through this creek. For

the Toowoomba mayor, this side

is also proof of good planning

undertaken by the council for

many years. Making improvements to the drainage

right throughout the city and following a plan designed by

engineers, it did work. It

worked but worked for a 1 in 100-year event not a 1 in

the flood detention basins 500-year event. This is one of

council has Flannagan is the council's

director of water services and

has helped over many years to

create a system designed to

take into account Toowoomba's

environment and history. He

can't change where historic

buildings were built close to

the strategy has been to help the creeks in the city heart so

water through the CBD by using

so-called detention basins so-called detention

upstream. I suggest if these detention basins weren't here

in the shape they were, and

they worked well, there would

have been at bigger flood in

all things Black Saturday the CBD. My first thought was

because a series of things came

together which was a storm that

moved up the catchment and secondly a catchment basically

saturated and a queped catchment and as a result a lot

of run-off which had to go

Toowoomba with an environmental somewhere. Dr Jerry works

consultancy vuve involved in

mine site rehabilitation. He's

an expert in how water moves

over the environment and believes drainage is believes drainage is often not

given enough emphasis when

developmenterise approved. I

think sometimes nature can be a

sleeping giant and this is an

example where the power of

water was unleash ed on an

urban environment and it

consequences were strongly

felt. What happened in

Toowoomba and why? What might prevent tin the future examined by Queensland's

commission of inquiry. What's

by certain is the city was caught

by surprise and two people

died. You can't build for one

in 500 years. The event is

extreme that detention basins

would fill the whole city. What

would we do? Relocate the

city? Maybe it's a clarion

call, a wake-up call for

communities, for individuals to

say perhaps we need to change a

little bit how we live and how

we view things. John Taylor reporting from the response to this flood

crisis has been underpinned by

the largest military deployment

for a natural disaster since

Cyclone Tracy. What's known as

joint task force Operation Queensland Flood Assist is

helping with the recovery.

Heading this team of army, navy

and Air Force members is Brigadier Paul McLachlan. Kathy

McLeish joined him on a flight

to flood-affected area today

and filed this eight days ago, Operation

Queensland Flood Assist

comprised 223 personnel. Just

over a week later, Brigadier

Paul McLachlan, the commander of

of the joint military task

force, is in command of 1900

troops. It's one of the largest

deployments ever mounted for an

Australian disaster. It's shocking to see the that's actually occurred. On

this flight in a navy Sea King

helicopter, he's flying over flood-devastated parts of

Central Queensland, travelling

to cond mine where soldiers and to cond mine where soldiers and

equipment arrived yesterday. Condamine's a bit of a tough

story and a fantastic commune,

there's No Doubt about it.

Flooded already once this time

and then two days after

cleaning up down they went again so we people in from the second 14th

light horse regiment, cavalry

organisation from out of

Enoggera here. Is there any structural problem s? I'd say

so by the look of it. The water's ran straight

underneath. I guess the

engineers will tell? That's

probably about right. Which

one's ours? This one where the

red car is. Got about 20 blokes

in there. She was 40 years old. It's all totalled. Soldiers are cleaning

mud and debris from Reynold and

Margaret's home. They can

certainly use the help. Hard

to look at it and thing, "What

am I going to do with it?"

Absolutely wonderful. It's the

second time their home's been

flooded in three weeks and it's

taking a heavy toll. How do you keep going? Well, you just

don't look over your shoulder,

keep... Major transport links

have been cut throughout the

region and that's having a

flow-on effect. We've got a

rural industry and an energy

sector that can't move at the

moment. We need dollars through

businesses to keep the economy

going. The joint army, navy

and Air Force effort is supporting local authorities, providing helicopters,

Hercules, heavy transport, mine sweepers to clear shipping channels. We're working

closely with the coordination centres. They're setting our priorities and

we're falling in and helping

the people that are already on

the ground from the State authorities. Brigadier

McLachlan says the response

from the troops has been from the troops has been heartfelt. What happened to you blokes? Did you recalled? Yes, recalled from

leave but most of us anyway

when we're on leave we're

either in Brisbane helping out friends or just going down around the streets and

helping. Some of the helping. Some of the units

deployed through the State have recently returned from

Afghanistan. Some of the units

were recalled. Initially we

tried to leave the guys that

had been home with their

families and most of them had

put up their hand and almost

demanded to and in so there's

quite a few people who are only recently returned from

Afghanistan out helping the

people Queensland. Brigadier

McLachlan says the troops may

be trained for battle but

they've been moved by the

devastation in Lockyer Valley.

On this flight he's On this flight he's taking in

an aerial view of the town of

Grantham. You've just got to

have a look at the town of

Granthams as we flew over.

It's a disaster spot. It's in

our country, 25 minutes by

helicopter one's hitting hard for us. Most

of us are local and it's having a big effect. Troops are deployed there, assisting with search and rescue,

accommodation, clean-up and recovery. We've had about 230

people there for a while

assisting the Queensland police

with the search task but because we've established a relationship with the township

we're going to transition those guys that are in there at the

moment over into the recovery role to help the local

community clean up. You see the

footage and it is a mess. As the joint task force

is scaled back, specialist

personnel will be left in

place, including engineers experienced in

devastated infrastructure and psychologists

psychologists who usually work

with soldiers affected by war

zones. While we're needed and

while we're responding to the

emergency and helping vital

tasks during the recovery,

we'll stay out. It's shocking to see the damage that's

actually occurred. The thing

that I'm really taking way from

it is the cooperative spirit

between every single agency

just to get the stuff done.

Everybody's putting their egos in their pock xts looking at

what needs to be done for the

people affected by the tragedy.

They're at the forefront of

everyone's mind. In Victoria, floodwaters continue to threaten communities throughout

the State. There are now 22

recovery and relief centres up

and running. Despite no rain in recent days, emergency crews are number of levees, including the

ones protecting the towns of Kerang and Dimboola where homes

are being evacuated. Just north

of Dimboola, the town of

Jeparit is next to face the torrent and I spoke to local

councillor Michael Gawith today.

today. Councillor Michael

Gawith, thanks for your time. A

lot of the preparations have

been taking place around the community of Jeparit. What sort

of preps are going on. What sort of flood ring you

preparing for? It's been a hive of activity today, Scott.

They've been preparing with

scand bags all those

preliminary things that need to

be done and we're preparing for a quite reasonable river event.

They're talking about a one in

100 and a bit river event, so

that's higher than we've had here for quite significant

amount of time. We had about a

one in 70 event in '74 and we

had about a one in 100 event in

1956 so there's been extensive sandbagging going

today. The volunteers have laid over 7,000 sandbags. 200

volunteers in total. So what

sort of sort of properties are being

sandbagged and how many? We've

sandbagged about eight houses

and we've done lot of work down

in the Wimera Mallee pioneer

museum which is in a beautiful

setting but it's adjacent to

the river so very vulnerable

and they've had to shift all

the motorised machinery the motorised machinery to higher ground and shipping containers in there

and emptied all the homesteads

and the town buildings in there,

there, the old shops and the

like and the halls, taken all the artefacts and antiques and

everything out of there and

stored them in shipping

containers and we're shifting

them to higher ground as well.

You live in what a

predominantly an agricultural

area, what effect has flooding

had on production and crops there? Around this area here,

the river's still within its

flood plain, it hasn't gone out

of its flood plain the crops have been harvested

in this area so that's having little effect on the

agricultural area. Where it's gone out into the flood plains

that are farmed, it puts good

moisture credits down in there

for future years. As far as agriculture goes, no real

damage in this part of the

world. Ecology, looking

further ahead, what does it mean for those significant

lakes in that area around

there? Absolutely, this is a very significant

the environment goes. This is a

heritage river behind me now,

the Wimera river. The runs into

lake Hindmarsh, the largest natural fresh-water lake in Victoria. This country here's

been crying out for rain and a

decent river run now for 14

years and it's really gonna

turn the place back to life and

you can probably see some of

the dead trees and everything

behind me and they've all died

in the droughts but all the

islands and the backwaters are

all connected now and inundated

with water so that will set new growth growing so farz the environment goes it's picture

perfect. So silver lining down

the track but clouds for now

and Michael Gawith from Hindmarsh shire Hindmarsh shire council, I wish

you and your community well.

Thank you. The Prime Minister

has been traversing both

flood-ravaged states,

announcing financial support

for victims and committing to a

huge repair bill but where will

the money come from? Late

today I spoke to Julia Gillard

in our Canberra studio. Prime Minister, thanks for tonight. My pleasure. While

the floods are ongoing and the damage bill just keeps mounting, there have been

estimates reported of up to $30 billion for Queensland and then

of course there's the other

states, the other area s.

What's the latest estimates in

regards to damage and lost production you'reworking with?

We don't know what the damage

bill is for rebuilding

infrastructure yet and we won't

be able to know with clarity

for some time. We do have to wait

to see what's underneath but

this is a major economic crisis

in impact from the floods. Everybody's talked about Everybody's talked about 1974,

comparisons for the actual

floodwater. What we've got to

remember is that in 1974,

Queensland was a far smaller

part of our national economy

than it is now. Around 14%

then, around 19% now and Queensland contributes about

25% of our exports so a flood

crisis in Queensland has major economic impacts around the

nation. Even if no-one is

certain of the amount yet, you

do know, what everyone knows,

it is going to be huge and the

lion's share of that cost will

be borne by the Commonwealth.

Now, in light of that, what

economic reason do you have for

pushing on for a Budget surplus

for 2012/2013? Well, put

simply, the economic reason our economy will be running at

close to full capacity at that

period of time. We are facing a

big repair bill for Queensland and we are facing economic consequences of the

floodwaters. To take an

example, Queensland's supplies

80% of our coking coal, the

coking coal that comes out of

Australia. It exports $100

million of it a day and 40

mines, around about, haven't

been able to work during the

understood, so, yes, this having an impact but we've got

to remember our economy is

strong with a large pipeline of

investment cominging through.

That means by 2012/13, our

economy will be running hot and

when your economy's running hot, that's the right time to

be having a Budget surplus and

saving for the future. But

Prime Minister, business,

financial and union leaders are

now raising doubts about

sticking to the Budget surplus

timetable and a couple I spoke

to earlier today said that if you do hold steadfastly to that

timetable, it's for political,

not any good economic reasons, so therefore why not reconsider it. It it. It is for a good economic

reads scpn that's why. It's the

right way to have our Budget

position, given where the economy will be at that time.

Let's remember strong economy,

we came out of the global

financial crisis strong and an

economy that was running or

tending to run close to full capacity. doing in those circumstances is

to have a Budget surplus.

That's why we had determined

that we would bring the Budget

to surplus in 2012/13. But if economists and business leaders, Prime Minister, are

saying, "We don't have to stick

to this. This can roll over. We

don't have to steadfastly stick to this timetable," then surely

they'd be saying that with they'd be saying that with some basis. Well, I've got to respectfully disagree. As Prime

Minister, what I'm saying to

the nation is we will Queensland and we will bring

the Budget to surplus in

2012/13 because that's what our

economy will require. Now that

does mean we face does mean we face a number of

tough choices and I am working

on making those tough choices

right now. Let's talk about a couple

couple of those potential tough choices. Our Government until

now hasn't ruled out a flood

levy. Will you rule it out

now? This is going to require

some difficult decisions. There

will be spending cutbacks and there may also be there may also be a levy. I am

working on those decisions now

and when I'm able to I will

announce them at the

appropriate time. We obviously

have more work to do. We don't have the total damage bill yet

but I want to be very blunt

with Australians, we have a lot

of flood damage to repair in

Queensland. There will be some

economic effects on GDP growth,

short-term effect on inflation

with food prices and the like

but our economy is strong and we will get we will get through this by

pulling together the same way we got through the global

financial crisis, by pulling

together. The economist Saul Eslake believes Eslake believes before looking

at more taxes that Government spend

spend ing should be seriously

reviewed, the cutbacks and

reigning in in certain areas

ranging from the Pharmaceutical

Benefits Scheme to the first

home owners grant. Do you know

yet what areas you will be

looking at and will you, in priority, cut back before you

look at a levy or a tax? There will certainly be

spending cutbacks. I'm not in a

position tonight to detail to

you the areas. I am working on

that now. Working of course

with Treasurer Wayne Swan and

my Federal colleagues on those

decisions, but there will be

spending cutbacks and there may

also be a levy. So maybe both?

Well, I've put it as plainly as

I possibly can. There will be spending cutbacks and there may

also be a levy. We are obviously working

decisions now as we work with

our Queensland colleagues to classify the bill for infrastructure rebuilding. At

the same time of course the same time of course we're seeing floodwaters in Victoria

and they're right in the midst

of battling those floodwaters

and there may well be infrastructure rebuilding that

needs to be done after those floodwaters recede. Prime

Minister, in terms of funding

for the rebuilding, what about Tony Abbott's idea of scrapping the national broadband network and using some

I have seen this suggested and

this is a misunderstanding of

the way in which the national

broadband network is being

financed. The national

broadband network is an

investment which will end up

earning interest money

effectively for taxpayers.

We've got to be able to deal

with the consequences of floods

as well as do the big economic

reforms necessary for this

nation's future and building the infrastructure we need for

the future

Prime necessary economic reform.

Prime Minister, a major issue

that has arisen out of these

floods is that of insurance.

widening among people who widening among Frustration is deepening and

thought they had flood cover and evidently don't. Just how

committed are you to ensuring

that there is a clearer

standardised definition of

flood in policies, without it

being used as a reason to hike

premiums? My colleague Wayne Swan and assistant

with the insurance industry,

they've been doing that from

the point of view of prevailing

upon them to show the same

spirit of generosity in this

flood crisis as Australians have shown to each other so we're certainly putting that

message to the insurance

industry and, yes, this issue

has been raised about

standardising what it means to

be flooded, hit by floodwaters,

so that's something that the

Government is considering but

circumstance right for people who are in this

obviously we do want to send a

message to the insurance

industry to be on the side of

generosity on this occasion. I

think Australians expect that. Prime Minister Julia

your time tonight. Thank Gillard, thanks so much for

you. He's been called the

greatest cyclist in road racing

history but now the glittering

career of Armstronger is ending. This week, the 7-time

winner of the Tour De France is

competing in his final

international event by riding in the Tour Down Lance Armstrong has played

almost every road in the almost every road in the sport. Underdog, hero and villain. And

with his retirement, many are pondering whether his greatest

legacy is as an athlete or legacy is as an athlete or a

cancer survivor. Mike Sexton

reports. This week, SA is cycle

heaven as many of the world's

best riders tussle in the tour

down under in front of crowds

of more than 100,000

spectators. The awareness and understanding of understanding of the sport by

the general public is at an

all-time high. While those at

the 41 of this stellarer field

are concentrating on their tyres and times, they owe a

in debt to an American well back

in the field and racing in his

last international event. As

Lance Armstrong retires, he

leaves as the biggest name in a

global sport, a long way from the provincialal European

circuit he began competing in

as a chunky teenager from confidenterse you could say a

bit of arrogance, especially in

the early days. He had little knowledge of the culture of cycling and didn't know who the world champion was

and didn't care because he knew

he would be the next world

champion. If Armstrong had a

big mouth, he backed it up with

a bigger cardiovascular system.

His enormous lung capacity

powered him to the top of

cycling. His story's been told remarkable. Aged 25, he was over and over but remains

diagnosed with testicular

cancer that had clawed through

his lungs and into his brain.

That he beat the disease and

returned to cycling was inspirational enough, but when

he did he won the gruelling

Tour De France a record seven

times in a row. He put his

fist on the table and say, "I'm

going to win this Tour De

France or I'm going to win this

championship. You guys come

ride." The story was with me and we'll have a

irresistible and suddenly

wanted to watch. Sponsorship primetime American audiences

poured in and all riders earned more. We more. We revolution ised the

way people trained, the way

they assemble teams, the way

they build morale on the teams, the way they preview the

courses, the way they race.

there are untold parts in the But there are some who believe

story. In a sport rocked by

doping scandals, Armstrong

hasn't been immune to

he's never tested positive to a

drug test. I'm not going to

dance around the fact that

there's been plenty of

reality is that we came with a questions about that but the

whole new approach. The latest allegations come from former team-mate Floyd Landis who was

stripped of his 2006 Tour De

France win with drug use. One

man willing to back Armstrong

is Patrick Jonker who was in

the American's team and says he

never saw the champ take

thing anything. It would be a good

investigation because once this

wrapped up there will be no more doubts in Lance

Armstrong's authenticity in his 7 Tour De France victories. There's No Doubt

Tour De France has inspired

many men and women to get back

in the saddle but carries also what he believes is an

obligation of the cured,

through helping others facing cancer

through his foundation. One is

Ashley Moore who beat neck

cancer and founded a 280-strong

cycling team as an off shoot of a group that advocates behalf of cancer patients.

What we're about is get people

involved in their treatment and

are well again to perhaps decision-making and once they

contribute back to share those experiences so that the health

system can be improved And

today we're on the top of is

second storey, there are two

more storeys to go. This is

going to be an open-plan

centre. $28 million worth. The

Live Strong foundation has lent its name to a anew cancer

research centre being built by

the South Australian

Government. We will save lives

but it tarts with buildings

like this, with events like

this, with people and passion

like this. After the speeches,

Lance Armstrong and Ashley

Moore shared a private memory.

That was some ride. That's

because two days before this the Cancer Voices team were on

a run when they were joined by

a new member. I like your

bike. Very cool.

to know this group and, you

know, there's certain people

come along that have a real

impact on other people's lives

and I think Ashley's one of those people. those people. As they cycled,

the toll started to tell on

Ashley Moore. Late last year

cancer returned, this time to

his lungs, and he needed a

gentle hand from a friend to

complete the ride. You brought

100 of your friends from Cancer

Voices SA and the sprint into Glenelg, Ashley absolutely

schooled us. Lance inspires

people to fight the disease and

do the best they can to survive

and he shows that no matter how

always hope and you can turn bad those odds are, there's

those odds around. As Lance

Armstrong rides off from

international cycling, there

are some who believe his future

but is in triathlons or politics

but his legacy is the

inspiration of his story and

the aspiration to make a

difference. I think it would

be a mistake for me to think

back on the stuff I did on the

bike when I have things in

bigger than that. Mike Sexton front of me that are much

reporting from Adelaide. Before

we go, a correction to John

Taylor's Toowoomba flood Taylor's Toowoomba flood story. 13-year-old Jordan Rice died in

the flood. We apologise for any

distress to his family. That's

the program for tonight.

Tomorrow night at 7:30, Leigh

Sales will host a community

forum from Brisbane to discuss the

the aftermath of the Queensland floods. We'll be back at the

same time on Monday but for now

goodnight. Let's go. On. (Scanner beeps) Alright. Good boy. Noel Fitzpatrick is a pioneering veterinary surgeon. He's pushing the boundaries of both animal and human medicine. Give a cat two new feet? (Clicks fingers) Done. Noel is a medical engineer.