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7.30 Report -

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(generated from captions) the day rallying support for

the flood levy. Julia Gillard

is urging Parliament to pass

the measure quickly so reconstruction can get under way. And there are growing

concerns over the health of former South African president

Nelson Mandela. The 92-year-old has spent two

nights in hospital amid

speculation he has a collapsed

lung. That's ABC News, and you

can keep up with the latest

news at ABC News online news at ABC News online and ABC

News 24 and follow

Twitter at ABC News ACT. Have a great weekend. Goodnight. Closed Captions by CSI This Program Is Captioned Live.

flood Welcome to the program. The

flood levy proposal is only a

day old but as the Federal

Government begins the big sell

it's already facing some major

hurdles. Under the scheme from

July, most Australians would

pay between 1 and

extra income tax to raise $12.8

billion. In --

$1.8 billion in a levy the

Prime Minister says will be for

one year only of the Opposition Leader Tony Abbott

as labelled it lazy as unnecessary, but Julia Gillard

still has to get it through the Parliament. And needs the support of the independents.

Tony Windsor wants a permanent natural disaster fund and I

spoke to him earlier today. Why

are you calling for a permanent

disaster fund? For many years I've believed in extreme natural disasters we

need a national response to

them rather than aned a hack responses we tend to get from time to time depending on the profile of the event, the electoral cycle and some

political attention. Is it

your view the funding in the

past the funding for l natural

disasters haven't worked

well? Even though there has

been a State

relationship in terms of been a State and federal

disaster response in the past,

Minister, in terms of normal

natural occurrences, floods and

fires and things, we do have a

response mechanism that works

of these extreme climatic most of the time. But in

events, we can't get ourselves

in a position where we have to

re-examine the budgetary cycle

we every time one occurs. I think

we need to put in place some

sort of revolving sovereign

fund that's there, maybe - so

irrespective of the politics of

the day there are certain criteria that could be accessible in terms of accessible in terms of these

extreme events. Does your

support depend on getting that permanent disaster relief fund? I want to look at the

detail of what the Prime

Minister is proposing. I want to talk to others in the

Parliament. I will have an open

mind whilst the debate's on and

then make a decision. I am not

making a decision a fortnight going to fall into the trap of

before we have the debate. I

think that'd be improper as

well as probably foolish. The

is a one-off, the conditions Prime Minister has been quite

are clear. So can't you give

some indication of whether you would support that levy? I can't, because I haven't seen

the detail of the proposal. I

which the Queensland haven't seen the criteria under

reconstruction authority will

actually work. I haven't seen a

newspaper today. No doubt

they'd have all the activities

in it. I just can't stop my

normal work because the Prime Minister makes an announcement.

have I will take some time when I

have the time to look at all the fine print in terms of

this. And I don't

seen all the fine print yet. So

regrettably, in terms of people

wanting to know where I'm

going, I don't know where I'm

going yet and I think it'd be

improper of me to go anywhere

until I see the fine print. The Prime Minister has said

this needs to happen quickly.

Rebuilding must get under way

soon. Are you prepared to go

along with it on that basis

even if you don't get the

permanent fund? The levy doesn't start to until July 1 and presumably

won't be collected until the

following year. We're 18 months

from the collection of it. So

even though there's some

urgency to get some of the planning and I'd urge a little

bit of caution in terms of

rebuilding embarking on some massive

rebuilding program in the next

fortnight I think we want to do

a bit of planning about where

some of these structures might've been inappropriately

built in the first place. I

don't think there's that degree

of urgency out there in the

arena at the moment. And the government can do this other

ways. My information is that

the only reason this will be

coming before the Parliament is

the imposition of a levy. It

could be done through could be done through operating

a deficit or borrowing, could

be done through a whole range

of ways that could actually pay

the bill which won't occur for

probably 12 or 18 months

anyway. So I don't see that

undue haste is reason why I

making a decision on this should be drop everything and

within a day of the

convinced that what has been announcement. So

devised is going to work, you

any promise of that permanent could vote for it, even without

disaster fund? I could vote for

it. I might not vote for it. I haven't made a decision on

that. Regrettably, I'm not

going to make it on your

for talking to us. OK, thanks. program. Tony Windsor, thanks

The support of another independent, Bob Katter from the seat of Kennedy in North

Queensland, is also in doubt.

He's agreed to the levy in

principle, but imposed a number of Windsor he wants ongoing

funding for victims of natural

disasters. He also believes the North Queensland victims of

flooding in 2009 shouldn't be

forgotten. And has called for

funding for farmers in the same

region affected by heavy

Bob Katter in Townsville late rainfall in 20 10 I spoke to

today. Will you support the government's flood package? Um

... yeah, I think that the time

has come for us to move in this

direction. And I think the

government has made a right decision here. But conditions that I'm laying down

will be very difficult, I

think, for the government to

meet. But unless they're met

then I'm not going along with

represent North Queensland. We it. You gotta understand that I

might only have three quarters

people up here, whereas of a million to a million

south-east Queensland has 3 million. But we had the most

intensive flooding in northern

Australian history. You could

fly from Ingham near

Townsville, all the way across

to Burke town on the Territory

border in the Gulf, except for the Great Dividing Range the aeroplane. It was scary. I

mean people were left, 700

people were stranded at Karumba

with rising floodwaters. They don't even have a

Only little dinghies to get

out. We got no coverage, we got nothing off the government.

There was three days of bitter, vicious fighting before we could even get a helicopter.

There was no airstrip there at

the time. You expect me to say

oh yes, we're all gonna pay

money up there in North

Queensland to look after

people, by the State and Federal

Government quite frankly in our

period of great trial. But I

wanted to be an ongoing fund.

It will be reduced in

dramatically. The tax will go

down to almost nothing, but it

will now be a continuous fund,

and it will be objective. Not

for the politicians to run around like Santa Claus when

these things occur, and take

advantage of the situation to

get themselves re-elected by

hand-outs and when there's no

population and no political benefit then the people get

nothing, because that's what's been happening up to date. So

we're not gonna wear that. I

don't think the other people

representing regional areas

will be buying that at all. So

that's the sort of conditions

that I'm laying down for it.

I'm not gonna come into it,

unless I get some guarantee

that the people I represent are

gonna get treated that way in

the future. I want to be very

clear here. You're saying that

you will not vote for this

current government package

unless there is a guarantee of

a permanent

say that you never say never in

politics. You take as hard and

as strong a bargaining position as possible and then you've got

to make your decision at the

end, which way you go. So I'll

cross that bridge when I come

to it. At present moment, if I

had to make the decision now,

unless it met those terms,

three terms and conditions I've

laid down and unless the Treasurer continues and God

bless him for it, down the

pathway of having a look at

some sort of Development Bank

type approach in the Australian

economy, not just to prevent us from going backwards but to

enable us to go forward. They're called development

banks. Unless we get

undertakings on those four

issues, then I would see it as

very difficult for me

for it. And I think to some

degree it would be letting down

the people that I represent who were treated so shabbily in

2009 in much worse conditions,

bad as they their the south-east corner, much worse

it was for us. You're a

Queenslander. There are many

Queenslanders suffering at the

moment and will in the future

because of this current flood

crisis. How do you think they

would feel process that might get help

under way and funds under way

quickly? I think that we're a

Christian people, our basic

belief system comes from that, love your neighbour and look

after each other and I'm for

it. I said right from the start

that I'm for it. But if you're

saying to me that I'm going to

agree to a principle here and legislation here that will give

one group of people that and

deprive the other group of

people of ever getting access

to that money in the future,

then no I'm not going to do

that. Why

disallow my people to get any

help in the future? If the

world goes on the way it is ,

what happens is we get no help

and the big cities get all

the help. And you know, I am

voting, I am not going to vote

that my area will not get

assistance when it's in trouble

next time. Bob Katter, thanks

for speaking to us. God bless

all the listeners. In economic

terms the Queensland floods are

the biggest natural disaster in Australia's history, put at around

the State's most important

industries like mining and agriculture have been affected,

and also many small and medium-sized businesses. Entrepreneurs and corporate leaders are warning that coming

back from the crisis won't be

quick or easy. Riverlife is a

small business. Offering

adventure and fun on the

Brisbane River and its

surrounds. But what the river

gives, it tried to take away. The immediate impact was

pretty huge. First of all, we had

had to remove all our stock and all our equipment and get it

all to higher ground, and

secure everything secure everything we owned.

The river's now long stopped raging, and the business is

tallying its losses. Although

we were up and operating pretty quickly, people aren't coming

in the droves that they usually

come at this time of year. For

this company, and others,

there's an image problem. The television was pretty wild, and

of course it is going to scare

a lot of people off. It's a

great sound bite. The size of

France and Germany are under

water. And of course that's a

massive amount of water. But the reality is Queensland is

almost the size of Europe as a

whole, which means there's a massive amount that wasn't

under water. It's that

perception challenge we've got

to now deal with. Images of

Queensland's flood crisis have

been viewed around the world.

Assuring everybody it's now over, and safe,

The statutory body, Tourism

Queensland, has launched a

campaign to tell Australia and

the world that the State is

open for business and needs the

business. It's not just in the areas areas that were hit by the

floods. It's the perception

that has hit all the other

areas, the phones stopped

ringing around about Boxing Day

and the challenge for us is how

do we get that phone ringing

again as quickly as possible? The effects of the

flooding however, run as widely

through the economy as water

did through the State. We now face a massive task. The early estimates of

the cost of that task in just

rebuilding what we have lost is

around $5 billion. We need

to get ready for the to get ready for the economic roller-coaster. We will dip and

then we will soar. Our growth

rate for next year will in fact

be revised upwards as all that activity combines together.

This is going to be a wild

economic ride. One of the most immediate shocks to the economy

has been the disruption to mining. It's been calculateed

that the resources sector in 2009/10 injected $707 into

Queensland every second through

wages, business purchases and

community payments. Losses are

now being put at $2.3 billion,

and rising. Last time I looked,

about 85% of Queensland's 57

coal mines were either not

producing or were impaired by large quantities of water on

their mine sites. So that's a big For industry leaders like

Michael Roche, this has been an

unprecedented crisis. Never

have so many mines been forced

so close for so long. He government regulate ors to help

mines discharge as much water

as quickly and as safely as

possible. We're calling on the

State Government to look at

this as an industry-wide

emergency. Let's get rid of this water now, because what

we're worried about is if we

get another cyclone or another

series of major wet events, we may place at risk

mines discharging water into

the environment in an

uncontrolled way. So let's get

rid of the water now in a

controlled manner, rather controlled manner, rather than risk unchromed releases

following another cyclone.

Another pillar of the economy to be hit is agriculture. There's no telling

the bill. It will be between 1

and $2 billion which are

massive numbers. For farmers

it's been particularly cruel. Not long Not long ago, many were yearning for rain. We've

actually had 10 years of drought. And that drought more

or less ended about 18 months ago. And so ago. And so our seasons have just turned right around.

Linton Brimblecombe is a fourth generation

generation farmer in the flood

ravaged Lockyer Valley. About a

metre of water went over this paddock. Now, he's left with weeds. The Lockyer Valley's

main production season is winter. Our summer production

isn't great. So a lot of our country was ready for that

winter cropping. Ploughed ground essentially. So once that water swept across it, we

were losing that topsoil.

Across the Lockyer Valley, and

large swathes of the State,

farmers are trying to recover.

Mending fences. Laser levelling

paddocks and more. paddocks and more. But Linton Brimblecombe says many have

been pushed to the edge. Emotionally and

financially, yes. I've been talking to week who are saying if they

cannot produce a crop this

summer they will be out of

business. But for all of the

challenges that are confronting

industry and small businesses in the aftermath flooding, there's also an

optimism. We're a determined

lot. We are working hard at

getting back on our feet. I am

confident that the Lockyer

Valley will be doing its part for food production for winter

cropping this year. Every

farmer that I'm talking to is

out there working on paddocks. Last week, Lizzie

Loel was cleaning her Brisbane

River-front restaurant after

floodwaters swept through. There were lines of

mirrors and so that you could reflect the river. But we don't

want to look at the river

today. We'll be friends with it

again in a week or so. It's

a massive loss of the both of

our restaurants went down. For

eight days or something like

that. Snichl the restaurant is

still shut and is being

repaired but in the meantime,

operations and staff have merged with a nearby sister restaurant. This has been a

dreadful ordeal. Hopefully

within a year we will be able

to say did that really happen?

I hope. That's the plan. John

Taylor with that report. Last

year, the world was bracing for

a swine flu pandemic prompting

the Australian Government to

buy 21 million doses of flu vaccine, enough for the entire

population. But just over 9

million were dispensed, almost 4 million

were sent overseas, leaving almost

almost 8 million doses on the

shelf. They're now past their

use-by date and will have to be destroyed. In Britain a different story is unfolding.

There's growing anger about a

shortage of flu vaccine amid a

rising death toll from the virus.

virus. Three-year-old Lana as

she should be. A happy, healthy

Christmas, swine flu struck her down. Her doctor father and

nurse mother could do nothing

but watch in horror has their

daughter slipped away in just

two days. A simple flu

vaccination might've saved

her. I don't know how they can

say that my child ... wasn't

worth having a few pound worth

of a vaccine that could've ultimately saved

Which it could have. During

last year's pandemic, the

government offered all under 5s

the flu vaccine for free. Not

this year. Only those with underlying

underlying health problems were

seen at sufficient risk. The

expert advice was that the best

thing that we could do was to

target vaccination at those

children and indeed pregnant

women and other people who've

got risk factors. If we can stop them getting ill, that's

with the restricted vaccination

list, there's been a shortage

of vaccine. Supplies in some

parts of the UK have simply run

out. The government has had to

dip into its strategic reserves

after doctors complained they

couldn't meet demand. If your doctor wouldn't or couldn't

supply you with a vaccine the

other simple way to get one was

to come to a place like, this

the local pharmacy. You could

get it simply over the counter.

That was until people started

getting scared and rushing

places like this, then the government moved

up everything that was left. In the Intensive Care Unit at

London's royal Brompton

hospital, the surge in H1N1 cases has cases has so far been manageable, but what is different is the increased

demand for these machines. Specialised equipment that

reoxygenates blood for patients whose lung function has collapsed. We've certainly seen

a more rapid increase in those

people requiring this sort of

support for the doctors prepare for even

more cases, the race is on to unlock the swine flu's disturbing

disturbing hallmarks. Why is it a relatively mild illness a relatively mild illness for

most, and yet deadly for an age

group that's not normally so vulnerable to the flu? Anyone who works in hospital medicine

will be struck at the moment by

the number of young people we

are seeing admitted with flu.

Questions researchers Dr Jake

Dunning is determined to answer. He is part trying to fit together the pieces of a deadly puzzle. Flu

is normally an illness that hospitalises elderly people, so

seeing pregnant women who are

incredibly sick, asthmatic s,

but also people with no

underlying health problems is

very striking. And a number of

those end up on intensive care

and die. Flu viruses can spread

... While the UK government

has rerun TV ads, encouraging

good hygiene for those with the

flu, it was decided that unlike

last year, it would only target at-risk groups vaccinations. Those with

underlying health problems. A decision the opposition implies

has cost lives. The people whom

we wish to vaccinate are people in at-risk groups and the over

65s. They have been contacted

directly through gp surgeries.

There is no point having a

campaign for the general

population. Beyond the

political blame game are stark

medical realities. While the

death toll is still relatively

low, doctors on the front line are worried about the long-term

trend. The third of the

patients in our study are going into into intensive care, and we

know that quite a high

proportion of those may

actually not survive. So we're

very concerned about the

situation that we have now.

And that may mean a

new strategies in the future,

especially when it comes to

vaccination. I think it does

imply a big rethink in terms of

who gets vaccinated, which of

the target age groups, what are

the risk factors we need to

anticipate in terms of

vaccination for future seasonal

vaccines which will be directed predominantly against

and its derivatives. It's all

too late Forlana Armeen, a

victim, say of her parents. Of

a van sin nation policy that

saved money but cost lives. The

high rate of imprisonment among

Pacific Islanders in particular

Tongans has alarm bells

ringing. Community leaders say

that too many young men are

turning to violence and

destroying their futures. And

that's prompted these leaders

to take matters into their own from south-west Sydney and

Tonga. The 172 islands of Tonga spread across spread across the Pacific Ocean

are more than 3,000 kilometres

from Australia. On a gloomy

afternoon in south-west Sydney,

the tropical paradise feels

even further away. This is home

to the second largest

population of Tongans in Australia. The rate is almost 30%, and youth unemployment even higher. When

I first came out here, it was

hard. I had to fit in, like,

through bashing people and that

so they can leave me so they can leave me alone. 19-year-old Kinahoy has already

spent almost a year in jail.

That's found guilty of five charges, including assault,

break and enter and home

invasion. Nothing to do, no job, just hang around with the

boys. He is one of the growing

number of Tongan men who are

finding themselves in trouble

with the law. Last year, people

born in Tonga had the highest

imprisonment rate in Australian

jails. I'm hearing it within

the sort of judicial education

programs that I'm running. I'm

certainly hearing it from

magistrates and from judges.

Who themselves, though, are

saying something needs to be done. social worker with Mission done. Dr Jioji Ravulo is a

Australia and deals with men

like this on a daily basis.

He's just released a report

looking at why Pacific

Islanders and in particular

Tongans are developing these anti-social behaviours. We anti-social behaviours. We also found that a lot of young people felt that they were

being profiled or picked on by police. Like, for example,

Pacific young people generally

hang in groups. groups. That's a reflection of

the culture. We're very community orientated. Because

Pacific young people are by

people, they're nature bigger than many other


Now some authorities are

looking to Tonga for answers to

the problem. The overlying

factor is that the violence

appears to be generational in

that sense. Dad was involved in

school fights and grandad and this competitive edge, and

I think we've got to leave the

competitiveness on the field.

Not in the streets of Tonga.

Not in the streets of Nuku'alofa. Chris Kelley took over the job as police commander almost two years

ago. A number of Tongans in

Australia and New Zealand or

occupations such as being the States gravitate towards

bouncers or working in

nightclubs and things like

that, where there's always a

confrontational situation, and pretty big built race anyway. maybe, you know, they are a

And maybe that's a contributing

factor. He was brought in to

help control Tonga's crime

. In 2006, the police force was

heavily criticised for not

being able to control a major

riot in the topical Nuku'alofa.

You know, in the last six

years we've had 21 murders here

in Tonga. I think that's high

for a population that we have

and particular ly in one area

where there is 40,000 people,

21 murders, it's quite

high. But you won't hear many Tongans talk about the problems

with violence. There have been many Tongans who have told us many Tongans who have

that they believe the reason the violence is controlled here

is because of the strict family

someone structure that exists when

someone does something wrong

they are shunned by society and

their family. But in Australia,

without those extended family

networks and constraints put on

them, young Tongan men often find themselves on the wrong

side of the law. Moving out to

a new country, only us parents

and them, they miss something. They need somebody the parents to look them. This couple have the parents to look after

first-hand experience with

violence. They moved to

Australia 20 years ago to give

their three sons more opportunities. But they were

forced to move back last year

because their youngest son was

deported after serving time in

prison in Australia for

grievous bodily harm and assault. In Tonga, uncle, aunts assault.

and grand parents play a large

role in helping keep teenage

boys away from drugs and

alcohol. There should be a

program, you know, for the kids

and the youth to run together

with other programs. Then it will look properly for the interests of the youth. Back in Australia, that's exactly what

Tongan leaders are now trying to do in south-west Sydney. We have

have an elders group out there that meetings. And we also train

them in a management role of

their community and they

actually take on responsibility

for even some

their youth. Weekly meetings

are now being held to discuss

the problems with violence. A

community that wants to reach

out and help young men. We

something different from what bring them and teach them

has been come inside here, the only

rules we have here enforcing is respect. If they can't have respect for authority and parents and elders, surely they

can't have respect for can't have respect for

themselves. That's the program

for tonight and the week. We

will be back at the same time

on Monday but for now, goodnight.

Closed Captions by CSI a family's yachting holiday of a lifetime takes a dangerous turn. He's lapsing in and out of consciousness, is that correct? Eight-year-old BJ has a badly fractured arm. Don't look at it. MAN: It's OK, mate. his only chance of emergency care. And the crew of Rescue 521 are The right side of his chest I think. has taken the brunt of the injury, And drama unfolds in midair. at all. I got nothing coming out of this with catastrophic injuries As a 31-year-old motorcyclist for specialist treatment. needs to get to Brisbane Doesn't look fantastic, does he? police, nurses and doctors work with fire and rescue, ambulance, to save lives. Townsville and Cairns, Working from bases in Brisbane, 7 days a week. they're on call 24 hours a day, of Rescue 500 are on their way In Southern Queensland, the crew to pick up a badly injured motorcyclist and fly him to specialist spinal care. We departed Archerfield at 1555, with six POB. Two hours, ten minutes endurance for Toowoomba Hospital. The man is in Toowoomba Hospital, about 100km to the south-west, and air transport is the safest and quickest way to get him to Brisbane. WOMAN, ON RADIO: Roger that. We have notified security. Fantastic. Thank you. Talk to you later. Bye. The medical team on board are CareFlight doctor Marianne Kirrane and intensive care paramedic Paul Everett. Only been 13 minutes out. That weather ahead - I might slip under it. Originally from the UK, Marianne is using her experience with Rescue 500 to work towards a qualification as a specialist in emergency trauma care. It's such a varied speciality. You never know what you're going to get through the door. The patients are always critically ill, and you can take a patient who's on death's door and give them a second chance at life. Paul Everett has 16 years experience working in ambulance and helicopter rescue. Between shifts with Rescue 500, he's studying to become an emergency care physician. I'm very proud of my paramedic heritage, but it seems like a natural thing just to study medicine and move on to something where I can influence my patients to a greater degree. Because a major spinal injury is involved, the task facing Rescue 500's medical team will be delicate.