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(generated from captions) lunch time but there could

to 20mm in it. Again, the winds will be moderate east south-easterlies. If you're south-easterlies. If

using the sunrise as an alarm, it will rise at 6:37.

Sunday, it will really help

the late summer show at the Old

Parliament House rose gardens.

You know the name of this one,

Double Delight, probably the

most popular rose there is. Of

course I knew that! Thanks

Mark. Before we go a brief

recap of our top story tonight

- victims of the Christmas

Island ship wreck have been farewelled at a funeral service

in Sydney. Taxpayer funding for

funeral arrangments has led a rift in Coalition funeral arrangments has led to

that's ABC News. Stay with us

now for the '7:30 Report'. And

row can keep up with the latest

news at ABC online and I'll be

back with a news update at back with a news update at

8:30. Until then, good night. Captions by CSI.

Tonight on the 7.30 Report -

the high-flying businessman who beat skin cancer. One of the gifts of condition ser was to

make you really appreciate just

how precious life is. Ross

recovery and how he has Taylor's remarkable road to

boat. Just inspired others in the same

boat. Just sort of sat down and

said that's a great idea, but

you're the one who's gonna

along the drive this and I will help you

along the way. And celebrating Australia's most outrageous newspaper. It's bizarre and swrof beat and a little bit

wild.

Welcome to the program. I'm

Heather Ewart. A key question

to be explored by the inquiry

into Queensland's devastated

floods will be the release of water from Brisbane's Wivenhoe

Dam. And whether an early

release would've avoided

similar issue has emerged in southern New South Wales, whether the Snowy Hydro

Corporation has been accused of

releasing water in the midst of

floods late last year. floods late last

Documents obtained by the ABC

show that Snowy Hydro released

water from Lake Eucumbene to

generate electricity. Water

which flowed downstream into a

river system already near full capacity. While Snowy Hydro capacity.

denies any mismanagement, those

affected by the floods want answers. Just weeks was hit by widespread flooding southern New South Wales was

facing a flood crisis of its

own.

There was a huge volume of

water came down the river. Peter Luders is a cattle farmer

near Gundagai. The fast flowing

water destroyed fences pastures

and equipment but the worst was

the erosion. There is 15m of

eroded banks. The banks that

haven't eroded are very unsafe.

fences. We can get over putting up

fences. Most of us have put the

fences up already. Not an

issue. We can grow more

pasture. We can cover all of

these things, but we can't get our river banks back. Luders believe it wasn't just

rain that was responsible for

the flash flooding, but the

release of water from upstream

dams operated by Snowy dams operated by Snowy Hydro.

The local State MP says many in

her electorate affected by the

floods are angry. Honestly, if

there was no extra water

released from Snowy Hydro on December 8, then why won't the minister come out and show us

what the outflows actually were? Why hide behind commercial in confidence if they've got nothing to hide?

The snowy scheme is recognised

as Australia's largest

engineering feat. It's now run

by Snowy Hydro, which has a licence to capture, store and

divert water for towns, farmers

and the environment along the

Murray and Murrumbidgee Rivers,

as well as generate hydro Lech

trick power . It was put there

primarily for water management

and to provide a reserve

storage in times of drought.

At the top of the scheme sits

Lake Eucumbene. It's the

largest of Snowy's 16 dams and holds the equivalent of nine

Sydney Harbours. But at the

height of the recent floods,

water was still being moved out

of Lake Eucumbene through an underground tunnel network,

down the Tumut river and into a

series of dams already close to

overflowing. The basic rule of

river regulation or water

regulation, dam regulation is

that you keep the water in the

highest storages possible for

the longest possible time. Then you release it when it's

required. Retired Snowy

engineer Max Talbot says it

diverted out of Lake Eucumbene makes no sense for water to be

during a flood. We know that

Hume dam and Blowering are both

full or spilling. By adding

water to them from this dam

which is only 28% full, doesn't

seem to make a lot of sense and

that's where the locals are

mystified . Why are we still

releasing water from Lake

Eucumbene into already full

downstream storages? The Tumut River flows into the Murrumbidgee and in early

December, the river system was

under serious flood alert. under serious flood alert. One concerned Snowy Hydro employee

has provided the ABC with a

confidential operational chart

and data showing Lake

Eucumbene's levels during a

critical 24 hour period. The

7.30 Report has shown the data

to Max Talbot. On that day, we

saw a total of 80 out of Lake Eucumbene when

actually there should've been transferring water through the tunnels from Tumut, back into Lake Eucumbene. The tunnels from Tumut, Tumt Pond

confidential short shows on

Wednesday 8 December, the

lake's level dropped 6 cm.

That's the equivalent of

releasing 6 million litres. The

day before, urgent flood alerts

were issued downstream. Despite this Executive denies any release

from Lake Eucumbene on the day

in question. Because we

anticipated the floods stopped releasing anything on

Wednesday.

Lake Eucumbene is a swampy

marsh. This man runs a lake's edge. At the moment

we're at about 28%, which is way in

way in the distance over there.

This is the main catchment. The headwaters for the Murray and

it the Murrumbidgee. This is where

it all starts. To end up now at

28%, 10% lower than what we

were the same time last year.

That's ludicrous when we've had

double the rain event. Snowy

Hydro won't provide any data on

the timing and size of its

water releases. On the commercial information. Snowy

Hydro's main source of income

is through hedging is through hedging contracts.

Which is effectively placing bets on future bets on future electricity

prices. It can do this because

it can generate large-scale

energy at short notice by releasing water to generate

hydroelectricity. A key concern is why Snowy Hydro continued to

generate power when ultimately

the water would spill over into

dams like this that were already at full capacity. Hugh

Sadler is an energy analyst

based in Canberra. He says

public data from the national

electricity market shows its biggest power station known biggest power station known as

Tumut 3 was operating on the

day Snowy Hydro says it had stopped releasing water. It

shows that the scheme as a

whole operated at fairly close

to available capacity for about

12 hours during the daylight

hours, I think. The data shows Snowy Hydro's biggest power

station known as Tumut 3 operating on the day Snowy

Hydro says it had stopped releasing

releasing water. They do seem

to have been generating

electricity when the spot price wasn't particularly

On the face of it it doesn't make economic sense to do

that. A Snowy Hydro spokesman

says it's completed its own

investigation, and that all

agencies worked well together

in what were extraordinary

circumstances. The New South

Wales Government is the major

stake holder in corporatised Snowy Hydro. New

South Wales Water Minister

Phillip Costa declined to

comment. But his department says Snowy Hydro's releases

didn't exacerbate flooding

during this event. We are

really concerned that releases

did happen during those floods

which of course led to the

escalation of the river an

additional 10m in some areas,

and the floods that washed

through Wagga Wagga through Adelong, through Tumut, these communities have suffered terribly as a result of those

floods. The didn't need to be that high,

because was this water released

or not by Snowy Hydro? These

are the Haynes that we need. these are the answers that we

need. Telstra announced today it

would start to deploy a faster

4G generation of wireless

broadband by the end of the year. Prompting immediate opposition claims that this

would further erode the viability of the government's

National Broadband Network. But

other communications experts say the two Internet

technologies are complementary,

with a fixed cable network

still able to deliver greater

capacity at faster speeds capacity at faster speeds than

wireless. I phones, laptops and

countless other mobile devices. It's an exploding, moving

market, all using wireless

broadband. We have 140 cafes in

CBDs using our solution. And we're currently connecting around around sort of 40,000-plus

on-line sessions per month.

Then there's the fixed national

broadband network, optical

fibre rolled out directly to the home the home or office all around

the country. The NBN business

case assumes that there will be

very little increase in the number of wireless-only households, and that's a very

optimistic assumption from

their point of their point of view. There isn't a technologies anywhere

who would who would support the argument

that a wireless network will replace a fibre network. A

week after Telstra on

terms to sell its fixed line

network to the National Broadband Network, today the

telco announced it will deploy next-generation mobile

technology or 4G into capital

cities by year's end. They have

seen how successful 3G is in

Australia and how many people

are jumping on the 3G network

for wireless broadband, 4G is huge improvement again in the

capacity and the quality of

broadband over the mobile knelt

work. So Telstra didn't need a

lot of convincing that this was a good deal. Telstra's competitor Optus is also

rolling out 4 G. Although corporate affairs director Maha

Krishnapillai says it will take

some time yet for either company to complete. A bit

premature to be talking about

those sort of services. those sort of services. They're

a few years away in reality. A

study into the NBN business

plan by consultants Greenhill Caliburn identifies the risks that trends towards mobile-centric broadband

networks could also have have significant

significant long-term implications for NBN fibre offerings. This claim

this wireless is going to

replace fixed fibre networks

and destroy the business case

of the National Broadband Network is simply a misleading campaign by Tony Abbott because he doesn't understand that wireless

wireless networks the more

people that use them, the

slower they get. And the

further you stand from the tower, the slower the broadband

gets. But of course you can

install more base stations and

you can supplement it with, you

know, extra cells, wi-fi know, extra cells, wi-fi cells

if you like. So there are many

techniques for increase ing the

capacity of wireless networks. Communications expert

Paul Budde agrees the two

technologies are quite different and complement each other. The capacity that the

wireless network has to offer is

is such that if you start

sharing big applications like

video, etc., with lots of

people, the quality of the

network goes down very, very,

very, very rapidly. So you do need a fixed network for good

quality and privacy security.

The US is investing $10 billion

on wireless broadband. But according to Paul Budde who

worked as a consultant to the Obama administration, that's

simply Plan B. If you go back a

year ago, then you will she

that Obama's talking about

fibre to the home, he is talking about talking about 100 megabit

networks and it has a plan for

that. But unfortunately, the

Congress didn't allow them to

move forward with that plan, so

the second best option is the

wireless plan and the wireless

plan in America is mainly

focused on remote and rural areas. Chris Coughlan warns

that the increasingly popular

wireless is also limited by

both distance and number of

users. The further you get from

the base station, the slower it

gets. If you look at generally

there are people in scattered

in this wireless network, the shared capacity in shared capacity in that network

is only around about 50 to 70%

of the peak

through-put. Wireless networks

are fantastic for I guess

mobility and other things like

that. But they're very complementary. complementary. They're quite different, they have different features an functionality, so

no, I don't think it's a threat

to the National Broadband

Network. Wireless will be a complementary service and will

grow I suspect quite rapidly in

years to come. This one here is

a ... Back in the street

cafes, this man has no doubts that whatever that whatever the mix of technology, Australian Internet

usage can only grow. You never

know what's around the corner

and what new device will emerge

. When we launched our business even things like the iPhone and iPad didn't exist, let alone all the other Smartphones that

have come in their wake. We

have seen significant spikes as

each of these new consumer

devices that's wi-fi enabled

has come on-line. Being

diagnosed with a melanoma is an

all too common reality for baby boomers boomers who spent their

childhoods basking in the harsh

Australian sun. For high flying Perth

Perth businessman Ross Taylor,

it was a devastating and potentially deadly blow. But

also a wake-up call that's seen him rebalance his life. 17

years after we first met Ross

Taylor on the 7.30 Report, he's

now cancer free, and using his

remarkable story of recovery to

inspire others tackling the

disease. Ross Taylor enjoys

nothing more than an

early-morning swim at Perth's

Cottesloe Beach. Smothered in

suncream and wearing a rash vest, he's not taking any

chances in the West Australian

sun. It gave him a melanoma 17

years ago and almost cost him

his life. One of the gifts of

cancer was to make you really

appreciate just how precious

life is. It has an incredible

way of making you not sweat the small small stuff. The 7.30 Report

first met Ross Taylor in 1994,

when he was in his early 40s,

and had just been diagnosed

with cancer. I was on

in Jakarta, having a shower,

and under the shower I noticed

a lump under what is my lymph

gland under my arm, about the size of a very large marble.

The international businessman

and former surf life saver had

just returned from Asia to

begin a punishing regime of

chemo and radiotherapy to rid his his body of melanoma and the

secondary cancers that came with it. The prognosis wasn't

really good. My oncologist had

told me that with the chemotherapy and the radiotherapy and surgery, my

prognosis probably a 50/50 chance for the first

year. Having come from a

nursing background, I was well

aware that secondary melanoma

was not such a good thing to

have. I really did believe that

maybe this disease would probably take admits at first, he was in

denial about the seriousness of

his illness. I was sitting up

in my bed connected to the

chemotherapy drugs, and I chemotherapy drugs, and I was

still trading in rock phosphate

fertilisers to Asia. And my wife Catherine was running

around living the cancer

journey and I think the

catalyst for this change really

came about when one day she

walked into the hospital room

and said to me, I'm going

for this cancer journey to you.

Part of taking responsibility meant reluctantly joining meant reluctantly joining a cancer support group. It was cancer support group. It was a

confronting experience for a

high-flying businessman, but he

believes it was pivotal to his

recovery. I think the first

lady I met there was a lady

named Kathy Brown. She had

exactly the same type of cancer

as I had. And the prognosis was

about the same and yet she was

over 4.5 years out. And I

wow, you know, if that lady can

do this, so can I. He didn't

want to want to join in with the group

with people who were all

suffering with cancer but he

then started to open up and

really embrace the whole

program. Ross Taylor did his

research. He started a regular

meditation and exercise regime,

and cleaned up his diet with a

focus on fresh juice. Then he

left the rest to his

try to cure me. What I would do

with the help of my wife and

the people who cared for me was

to embark on a program to in a

holistic sense try holistic sense try and bring my

life in a general health sense

into complete harmony. The

path to recovery was no picnic for Ross Taylor's family.

They're rock solid today but

the ordeal took a toll on his

teenage daughter who ran away

from home. So you went a bit

off the rails? I did, when I was 13. I was 13. I ran away to Albany.

And when I was 15, I went to And when I was 15, I went to

Melbourne for a year. And that wasn't the easiest time for

me. Ross Taylor is now cancer

free, and trying to share the

lessons he has learned with other cancer sufferers like

Clinton Heal who was diagnosed

with melanoma at just 22. The

young West Australian of the year says Ross Taylor

encouraged him to give something back to the community. It's his mentorship

that made me think maybe I

could do something for others in the same situation. I had

the thought of making a web

site with information to start with. And he sort of sat down

and said, you know, that's great idea, but you're the one

who's gonna drive this and I

will help you along the way. Ross has always wanted to

give back. He really is the

true philanthropist in the true

sense. He quietly behind the

scenes will help anybody and reach out and give support. In

a cruel twist, the Taylors are

now grappling with another

cancer diagnosis. Their

terminal brain tumour. He is

now living in the family's

Perth home and they're using

everything they've learned to

help him. There help him. There has to be a

reason for haul this. I'm sure

just meeting Nick, him coming

to our family was almost fate

in itself, you know. Because

what better family for him to

come to than a family who knows

so much about cancer. Despite

his ordeal, Ross Taylor's

written several books about

living with cancer and donated

the hundreds of thousands of

dollars in proceeds to charity.

He is cautiously optimistic

about his prognosis grateful for his new

perspective on life. I avoid

using words like, you know, yes

I've beaten cancer after 17

years because I have 75,000

billion cells in my body. I

don't really know whether some

of them are cancerous or not.

All I know is at the moment,

myself and I'm very blessed

with my family, we live a very

vibrant life. And I think that's been that's been an amazing journey. For years, the Northern Territory 'News' and

its sister paper the Territorian have dominated Darwin's newspaper markets. The

NT News has also become known

well beyond the Territory's

borders, for its larger than life front pages about crocodiles and UFOs. The colourful headlines a v

attracted fans and also

critics, who say Darwin's only daily should provide more serious

serious reading. But

News argues it's giving readers

what they want. Sara Everingham

reports. It's bizarre and offbeat and

a little bit wild and I think

that's great.

Our job is definitely to

present the news, but I don't

think it's written anywhere

that we have to be boring when we do it.

It's not every day a

newspaper is the subject of an

art exhibition. But

the NT News is being celebrated

as a Northern Territory cultural icon. It's a deliberately entertaining newspaper,

especially the front page.

Our front pages are often

absolute classics. That go

around the world. Because

they're presented in not just a

newsy way but in an artistic

way. The twilight zone section. UFOs, spacecraft. UFOs. Space

rockets. Seven UFOs invaded Top

End. For years Darwin resident

Tony Rutter has been front page posters as souvenirs of life in the Top End. The NT

News hones in on a number of

aspects of the Territory that

have Darwin and the Top End in

particular, that you don't find

so much elsewhere.

The NT News first went to print in the Cold War, when Darwin's

only newspaper was the union-run northern Standard. The Commonwealth was concerned at the

concerned at the time about the

very strong pro-Communist line

which the Northern Standard was taking.

But within months of the Northern Territory 'News' going

to print, the 'Standard' folded

and for decades the NT News has

been the sole daily paper in Darwin. It started out as a

small-time paper, but was soon

snapped up by an up-and-coming

media proprietor called Rupert

Murdoch, who's retained control

ever since. In the early years

the NT News was synonymous with

the activist editor Jim

Bowditch who seemed to make

headlines as often as he wrote

them. He was a great crusading

editor. He took up particular

causes. He was very interested

in, for example, pushing for the Northern Territory to have

greater powers of self-government.

Jim Bowditch took up causes

both on and off the page. When

three mall lay pearl divers

intervened in the story and faced deportation he

helped hide the men authorities. That one was in helped hide the men from

the hands of the unions. And I

think we reflected that. And

the unions were very much

left-leaning. And on the whole,

he was very much a reflection

of the Northern Territory at the time.

But after Darwin was struck

by Cyclone Tracy, one of

Australia's worst natural

disasters, a new era at the

paper began. The paper took it

as one of its causes to be

involved in the re rebuilding

of Darwin and in the rebuilding

saw it. of a new society there as we

Today, the front page is more likely to feature

crocodiles than politics. 20 or

25 years ago, the newspaper took itself

took itself more seriously. We

still take ourselves seriously

to a certain extent in that we

run many of the so-called heavy

stories, they're just not on the front page. The long-time

NT News journalist Nigel Adlam says the newspaper is now more

in touch with its readers than ever. If

ever. If you just give us some details, just gimme a rundown. But some argue the

newspaper is clinging to an

outdated image of Darwin. It's

a sophisticated city. Still raw

in many ways. But a

sophisticated city with a sophisticated intelligent

population who like to do some

serious reading. So I think it's lifted its game somewhat

but I think there is a bit to

go in terms of providing

informed discussion in the newspaper. I wouldn't be so

pompous and pre-10 sthus as to

say Northern Territory 'News'

is a newspaper of record. It

doesn't try to be. But it's

still a very Northern Territory

of that. Like it or not, the

NT News is now part of the

cultural fabric of the Northern

Territory. I hope the newspaper

itself continues to provide

that kind of local thought, local theme, for some time.

Sara Everingham report from

for tonight. Next, 'Foreign the Top End. That's the program

Correspondent' goes inside the

uprising in Egypt, alongside a remarkable and tomorrow, but for now, protest leader. We're back

goodnight. Closed Captions by CSI This Program is Captioned Live. Hello, I'm Mark Corcoran on assignment in the Egyptian capital Cairo and this is Foreign Correspondent. It's been an almighty tug of war - who'd simply had enough a dogged, determined people

and a beligerant leader digging in. but it was a hell of a ride. In the end, the people prevailed, it would end well. And it didn't always look like peaks and troughs of this drama We've been following the extreme with a remarkable young woman.

an extraordinary feat Her part in the protest has been of endurance and will. at the same time. So beautiful and so ugly we have the right to be people We are not animals, and to hold our heads high. in the maelstrom of this uprising And in getting swept up I've nearly lost my voice. So, please excuse the croakiness as we present our story tonight - Salma's Revolution. of 18 million people, In this immense urban jungle to just one place - all roads now lead Cairo's Tahrir Square. Tahrir means liberation. We're here in the chaos through this erratic revolution. to chart a course who may play a role in the future. And to seek out those are hoping Well, this is what Egyptians will be Hosni Mubarak's day of reckoning. Organisors are planning for more than a million protestors to gather here in Tahrir Square regard as the last pharaoh of Egypt. to peacefully depose the man they (Chanting) to be seen today. The police are nowhere very much in control, It's still the army down these narrow channels they're herding everyone and handing out flyers to the people, every right to protest. saying that they have And the list of grievances 30-year reign is long - against President Hosni Mubarak's outrageous corruption, rising poverty, and endemic police brutality. rigged elections than protest. Today the mood is more party in driving this spontaneous revolt. And women play a prominent role 33-year-old Salma el Tarzi Until last month, was an independent documentary maker. on the 25th. I physically became involved I saw the demonstration in the street, I went down and never came back until now, never went home. She's abandoned her camera and embraced the mantle of revolutionary, now a de facto leader through sheer force of personality. Basically, this is our group. It's a group of people who met by coincidence three days ago. They're drawn from all walks of life. Muslim and Christian. Secular and the devout. Professionals and factory workers. police response It was the typically brutal to Salma's first day of protest

which spurred her into action. the ground so the capsule explodes What they do is they shoot on

they just fill your body. and all the BB metal points This is Hassan, my brother. Yeah. Your brother? Yes, with a shotgun. You were hit by the police, were you?