Note: Where available, the PDF/Word icon below is provided to view the complete and fully formatted document
Disclaimer: The Parliamentary Library does not warrant the accuracy of closed captions. These are derived automatically from the broadcaster's signal.
Foreign Correspondent -

View in ParlView

(generated from captions) Coral Brown is one of those who

didn't want to see a therapist for her depression. Talking to

a stranger, it is hard to tell

them what your problem is and

why you're in this depression. I only went the

was was it. But since joining

the choir a couple of months

ago she says her illness is

under control. This is helping

me a lot. Coming and joining up

with people and singing. So I feel really well now. For teenager Renetta Byra

just being part of the group

has boosted her self-esteem. Where I come from

is just a little community up

north. It's just all drugs and

alcohol and it's just a bad

place to live. I can't really

trust no-one.

ashamed coming down here,

coming to work and singing has

been the positive outcome for me.

Roger Knox has no doubt the

program is helping his fellow

choir mates. He hasn't asked

them, he says he doesn't need

to. I see it. I see it. In

their faces. I can see that.

Brightness. I can see the love. I can see going. That's what I see.

SONG: # Coo -ee #

That's the program for

tonight. We will be back at the

same time tomorrow, but for now, goodnight.

Closed Captions by CSI This Program is Captioned Live (Rock music plays) that if I'm interested, I guess you've just got to think if I'm fascinated, also will want to know more. there's a chance that people at home It's a very privileged job. through Australian eyes. It's important to see the world

a new place I've never been before. I get really excited by going to you find it's really horrible. Often when you get there, at the story I thought, When we first started to look how are we ever going to get him? was an international scoop, And to get that

around the world. and it made headlines small town in rural South Australia I come from a really and as a kid growing up, I don't know, what was going on in the world. I was just always fascinated about for my grandfather's 90th birthday I was home a few months ago

that I think probably and I said to him holding hands with my grandpa. my journalism career started wandering around the neighbourhood I was about two or three and we were and I remember saying to my poppa, in everyone's letter boxes.' 'Let's look to see who had mail and who didn't. I wanted to sort of look behind

'You're a real stickybeak,' And he said, and I said, 'Oh, yeah.' I remember him saying, what was going on, I think, So I kind of always wanted to know holding Poppa's hand. even from that early age that I wanted to be a journalist, I was about 21 when I decided

for that and one of the driving reasons an engineering degree was that I was doing and realised that I was hopeless. (Grunts) to have a real job. I never really wanted

to tell stories I just wanted to be able

about what other people were doing. for people who have real jobs I have great admiration build stuff, you know, and do stuff, you know,

I just couldn't do it myself. in Bathurst, in NSW, I was at boarding school was Damien Parer. and one of the most famous old boys

of the marines combat camera. REPORTER: Parer covered the exploits As usual, to get these shots, than the men he was filming. he was more exposed first Oscar award for his documentary Damien Parer won Australia's on Kokoda in World War II. on Australian troops fighting One of them took this shot of Parer activities barely a mile away. preparing to film Japanese and a number of photos of him And one of his cameras were on display at our school and I decided at a very young age I wanted to go out and do. that this was the sort of thing made in the 1970s, MASH was a very black comedy in the 1950s in the Korean War. basically a surgical team in a tent outspoken and witty. And they were all incredibly at the start of this year What we walked into in Afghanistan was the 2010 equivalent of that. I was, I was absolutely floored. (Helicopter radio blares) television can be, I know how much of a construct particularly TV dramas, TV comedies, yet here was something what I'd grown up with in the 1970s, that approximated although without the laughs. to laugh about in there. There was absolutely nothing Nothing. how people react What hasn't changed is how humans, under extreme stress. under prolonged stress, to save lives Not only are they trying their lives are at risk as well but occasionally, you know, week in week out, is extraordinary. and doing that day in day out, intensive care, We provide 21st-Century

that would otherwise die. critical care for patients I mean, there's no way around, would have died. some of these people Mark Corcoran: Too many soldiers remote battlefields wounded on Afghanistan's were bleeding to death at the big military hospitals. before reaching surgery So last year, much closer to the fight, army surgical teams were moved to beat the golden hour. a general medical term The golden hour is basically following someone being wounded, describing the first hour shot, blown up in combat. in which time most lives are saved. Because it's that critical first hour You're kind of like this, (Agonised screaming) this gets fractured, dislocated... protecting yourself, were actually from West Point. A lot of the people in our story of the American military elite, They were the elite well, this may not go too well so initially I was thinking, because, you know, the official Pentagon line we'll get very much on how this war is being conducted. I couldn't have been so wrong. (Soldiers laugh) Matt Hueman is a career officer and the army. passionate about surgery the direction of the war. But he now openly questions that it's always been communicated I'm not sure understand what we're doing here. in a way that all of us can that we have an overall endpoint It's not clear to me that makes sense to me and if it doesn't make sense to me to the average soldier then does it make sense who's going out there and risking their life? And these were serving officers, speaking from the heart, but prepared to say it on camera. Saying the sorts of things that if you had interviewed an Australian officer, they would probably be court martialled for, or certainly disciplined for. They were incredibly outspoken, not only about what they were doing, but on the conduct of the war and their fears for the future. Because this was at the start of the year

and they all knew that it was going to get much, much worse.

And they've been proved correct during the course of this year. Sally Sara: I can't really explain why but Afghanistan's, for me, one of the most important and one of my favourite places that we report from even though it's probably one of the most dangerous. People have been through a lot there. You know, think of Nabila and her mother. Her mother wandered around for 17 years carrying Nabila on her back trying to get just basic help, just trying to get a wheelchair, some assistance for her daughter, so I feel really strongly for people like that. Khania has never had a pair of sneakers before. It's hard to know if the shoes are more exciting than the prospect of a new leg.

But these tiny lights are not just for show back in the village. They'll help Khania to know whether he's walking evenly. He'd lost his leg in a landmine blast in January and had been through months of hell of surgery. Watching this little boy come back to life, going from being a patient back into a normal little kid I think was probably the greatest joy of this story. You're doing very well! Every day I come and I think it must be a different boy. You're walking so different! I said to Wayne the cameraman, 'Have a look at this,' and you could see Khania was play fighting with some of the young men and some of the older boys

and just doing what a kid should be doing, rough housing with them and it was wonderful just watching him come back to life

as a little boy and when we finally got to see the story, yeah, I cried when I watched that, it was, yeah, really emotional. What you notice about this place is that almost everyone working here has a disability. Most of the staff are former patients, so those helping the amputees are amputees. Good boy, alright, you be a good fellow down there. You look after your dad, won't you? I guess as a journalist it's also personally uplifting. We do a lot of stories where there is no light, you know. The conditions for people are very bleak.

There's no help, there's no assistance, so with a story like this to watch people rise above what had happened and have a chance, not just to spend an hour or two with them, but we were with them over a couple of weeks, was fantastic. The characters, without exception, in this story were, you know, very inspiring. It was just a joy to spend time with them. # Stop and stare

# I think I'm moving but I don't know where # Yeah, I know that everyone gets scared # I've become what I can't be # Ooh # Stop and stare # I think I'm moving but I don't know where # Yeah, I know that everyone gets scared # I've become what I can't be # Oh, do you see what I see? # Michael Brissenden: One of the things that strikes me about Washington and did from the moment I arrived was that this was, on a per capita basis, the biggest black city in the country and there was the first black President sitting at the heart of this city and the experience of the black population was something that a lot of white people never really confronted. And it's a part of of the city that I really wanted to explore. They call DC Chocolate City and Go-Go is the sound track of the chocolate city.

It's the heartbeat of the city. It is the fabric of the culture of the people who live here.

In fact there's a couple of shots in the story where we're inside clubs, where there's 1,500 people there

and there's myself and Louie the cameraman and we're the only two white people there. This is a huge cultural phenomenon in the city that is distinctly and solely African American. (Sirens wail) There really is two cities here. There is an African American city and there is a white city and the two really don't mix very much at all. I need a place to live, you're supposed to be helping me find a place to live, you need to be the mayor again. Before Barack Obama came to town, this was the black man who galvanised, mobilised and inspired his community... Love you! Love you! ..the deeply flawed and controversial former Mayor, Marion Barry. What you got in there? Lemonade. I need me some of that! We walked down the street with Marion Barry

and the traffic stopped. He is the mayor for life! And people got off buses and people came up and hugged him and people you know were high-fiving him and you know, 'We want you back man, we want you back,' you know, 'You're the man'. That's the man right there. And this was totally authentic, totally unscripted. You're just going, 'This is gold.' I mean we couldn't have asked for better really as a demonstration of his place in the black community in Washington. I'm trying to show the people in Australia our disparity between the white community and black community. Despite everything he's been through, his prison term, he's filmed on tape smoking crack with a former girlfriend in a hotel room. If anyone perhaps in politics should be sidelined by all that I mean, it's him, but the importance of him as a figure, political figure in Washington, was just underlined by this experience of walking out in the street with him.

I'm gonna call you up and take you to a Go-Go.

Brissenden: That'd be great. When we turned up to film the interview, there was this other film crew there, a couple of young black guys who were shooting a fly-on-the-wall reality program featuring Marion Barry, but as we were soon to discover it wasn't actually a reality program because as Marion Barry said to me, 'You know in America reality television isn't real, you know that,' so this was all staged. Andre, I'm in the middle of a - I don't care!

His chief of staff burst into the room - and they started going on with this almost scripted performance... I'm not gonna deal with it! ..and then here he was, we were doing an interview, there was another crew shooting us shooting the interview, and then we were part of the reality television thing that was being made that wasn't real. Andre! I told you, chill out man! No, I'm not gonna chill out. Do I have to get up and physically make you get out of here? No, you gonna talk to me about this! No, I'm not gonna talk to you. At the end of it, it was quite a bizarre experience. Brissenden: Can we continue with our interview? I don't care about your damned interview! (Door slams) Mark Willacy: It's a story that I suppose the Japanese press were interested in as I say because of the fact that these two activists weren't some knockabouts from New Zealand or Australia. They were Japanese. Two young Japanese taking on their own culture. (Motor revs) Junichi Sato is the other half of the so-called 'Tokyo Two'.

They're Japanese Greenpeace activists who say they've exposed deep-seated corruption inside their country's highly controversial scientific whaling program. Junichi Sato: It's almost two years since I got arrested

and now it's coming to the end. I think it's worth it because we could put spotlights

on the corruption of the whaling industry, which nobody had ever done. They tracked whale meat being smuggled off a Japanese scientific research boat and then they unveiled it to the press and said, look, this is the proof we needed that there is corruption, endemic corruption inside Japan's whaling program. They then handed that meat on to the prosecutors, the prosecutors said they would investigate. But instead of the crewmen being arrested for theft, these two young Greenpeace activists were instead arrested and faced criminal charges of theft. They were the ones who became the story and instead the crewmen who were allegedly stealing thousands and thousands of dollars worth of valuable cuts of whale meat got off scot free. The Tokyo Two's journey started with this man, a former crew member onboard Japan's flagship whaling vessel, the Nisshin Maru. In a highly sensitive and secretive industry, he blew the whistle on crew mates who he says

were stealing whale meat from the scientific whaling program. And what we uncovered were two whistle blowers, men without with about 50 years combined experience on board whaling ships who said that corruption existed basically at every level

within the program. And to get that was an international scoop and it made headlines around the world. A lot of Japanese don't really get the Australian position on whaling. They say well look, you kill cows, you know, you eat lots of meat, this is just meat for us, it's a giant fish. For the whalers' point of view, we travel to the former whaling town of Muroto. At 78, Tomohisa Nagaoka is an old man of the sea and like Hemingway's salt-soaked protagonist, he's battled some giants of the deep. So they think that Australians are probably a little bit hypocritical about this issue. In Japan, there tends to be walls,

you have to penetrate the walls of culture and tradition and secrecy in some cases. You really need to be based here and to understand the culture and have really good people behind the scenes too - who work with you. It really took us weeks and weeks to win over the confidence of these two whistleblowers. So, without those people on the ground, the people we work with every day, our Japanese staff, there is no story. Mary Ann Jolley: Well our story on Wikileaks really came about after they put out the Collateral Murder video. And what we wanted to know was who they were, what their motivation was, were they activists, were they actually journalists, who were they? Skyping in from Australia, Julian Assange, the co-founder of wikileaks.org. Every organisation rests upon a mountain of secrets. Leaking is inherently an anti-authoritarian act,

it's inherently an anarchist act. To actually get Julian Assange to let you film him doing anything was almost impossible. You know one night we spent almost two hours trying to persuade him just to go outside and walk up and down the street. It was incredibly difficult. And also he plays the piano,

but to get him to play the piano was impossible. We almost got him there a couple of times, but finally he just refused because he was concerned that we were somehow going to manipulate it into making it look like he was behind a computer and hacking. REPORTER: For the past three years WikiLeaks has challenged governments everywhere, outing human rights violations in Guantanamo Bay, exposing political murders in Africa and banks laundering money through off shore tax havens. WikiLeaks has hit the political left and right and won media awards from Amnesty International and the Economist magazine. Naturally enough, WikiLeaks is very guarded and difficult to track down. I was with one of the Wikileaks workers here in Australia. We just basically went up and down in this lift and as people walked in we'd stop talking or start talking about the weather and then as people went out we'd go down again, we'd start talking about these documents that were going to come out.

Mind you, they were still being very cryptic

about what those documents were going to be, so even in a lift, underground, with no mobile phones on, they were still paranoid that somebody would find out. Julian Assange: What we want to create is a system where there is guaranteed free press across the world, the entire world. That every individual in the world has the ability to publish material that is meaningful. Any journalist is going to be excited by getting hold of information that's going to expose lies. That's what we inherently do. And to be around somebody who is driven by that and really passionate about it, it was quite inspiring.

# I'm like a bird, I'll only fly away # I don't know where my soul is # I don't know where my home is # And baby all I need for you to know is # I'm like a bird, I'll only fly away # I don't know where my soul is...#

Eric Campbell: One of the odd things about this job of going to different countries and showing what's going on is that in much of the world that we travel to, it's illegal to go and show what's happening that's contrary to the official image. Dubai in the United Arab Emirates is one such place. conservative Islamic country, Dubai is a state of the the United Arab Emirates. fill with a United Nations But every night its clubs of rich fun-seekers.

Iraq and Saudi Arabia Arabs come from neighbouring they could never do at home. to do things to make money from the Arabs, Businessmen come from the West to make money from everyone. women come from Russia and Asia for this middle eastern boomtown, It's been a wild few years but for many, the party's over. You go up into what is now towering over the desert the world's tallest building and you think, why? they're short of land, I mean it's not like Hong Kong or something it's not like they're to build, but up. where there is nowhere else Hello, hello, thank you, wow! of Dubai's achievement, It's not just the peak as the height of its folly. many critics see it of the empty desert It gives a panoramic view and the abandoned building sites. and many expatriates, But for Emiratis it was something to celebrate. was back in business. A sign that Dubai of 900 apartments there, Well 9 months on,

like 825 are empty. I think something can't get their money out, People who bought into this boom they can't get out and if they owe money, and they can get trapped there, it is like a giant desert jail. Markus Lee and his wife Julie. We came across an Australian couple, Really nice people, you couldn't imagine I mean the sort of people being in this situation. Markus was working for a company with another company that was involved in business dispute was arrested over a transaction and he suddenly, without warning,

no profit from that he'd basically made for 9 months. and he was thrown in jail for his day in court, He's still waiting for two years. but they've been trapped there died in Australia. Two weeks ago, Markus Lee's father He couldn't go to the funeral. in this terrible nightmare Their lives are on hold but wait and there's nothing they can do they'll have justice. and hope that eventually On the outside it looks great, under the surface it's not, it seems very friendly and open,

it's quite the opposite in fact. for Dubai, When you get a filming permit of all the things you can film, they give you a list and it's all the tourist attractions. What you're not allowed to film who make up most of the population. is the poor South Asian workers a group of Bangladeshi workers. Now we went down and interviewed Yes. So this is where you all sleep? 18 people. How many people? Yes. 18 people in this room? They can't leave the country had seized their passports because their former employers to sell them back to them. and were trying So they were just trapped there. a police car pulls up When we came out of the dormitory, the police station and we're taken down filming illegally. and told we have been is to the story. As a journalist your main loyalty You have to show what's going on. there are a lot of laws In places like Dubai proper journalism to actually stop you doing tell the story. and in the end we have to, you know, to the audience. Your responsibility is (Fireworks crackle) (Cheering)

Grooming. What's he doing?

OK. All clean? What do you reckon?

Closed Captions by CSI

This Program is Captioned Live.

Good evening. Virginia Haussegger

with an ABC News update. The strong

Aussie dollar is playing havoc with

the Federal Government's finances.

It's wiped $10 billion from the

Treasury's books, but the Government

says it can still return the budget

to surplus by 2012 - 2013 and that's

falling unemployment. Around due to faster economic growth and

falling unemployment. Around 20,000

people have fled from Burma into

Thailand to escape fighting between

the army and anti-government rebels. Thailand to escape fighting between

The violence erupted after Burma's

junta claimed

junta claimed a landslide victory in junta claimed a landslide victory

last weekend's elections. The

authorites may send the refugees fighting has now eased and Thai

over the order. An emotional Joel authorites may send the refugees back

thi Monaghan quit the Canberra Raiders

s this afternoon before the club could

sack him. Monaghan's NRL career came

to an end after the circulation of

obscene photo. He hopes to continue to an end after the circulation of an

League. his career in the English Super

in League. There was a memorial service

in Sydney today for the woman describe

described as one of the greatest

singers of the last century. 2,000

Dame Joan Sutherland's fans packed singers of the last century. 2,000 of

the

the Opera House today to farewell La

Stupenda and give her one last

standing ovation. To Canberra's

weather - some showers and storms

about, with a low of 12 and high of

26. Sydney - 26. Melbourne - 26

Adelaide - 27. More news in an hour.