Note: Where available, the PDF/Word icon below is provided to view the complete and fully formatted document
Disclaimer: The Parliamentary Library does not warrant the accuracy of closed captions. These are derived automatically from the broadcaster's signal.
ABC News 24 2pm News -

View in ParlView

(generated from captions) This program is not captioned. This program is live captioned by Ericsson Access Services.

Greens in crisis, the party loses a second Senator in as many weeks over dual citizenship.I apologise wholeheartedly for the damage and the embarrassment that this will cause that I take full responsibility for this oversight.

The biggest shake-up of national security in four decades as the Prime Minister unveils a new super ministry.Our security environment is evolving quickly, it is becoming more complex. We need a better structure to meet the challenge of the times.Searching for answers, the family of an Australian woman killed by a US policeman demand to know why she was shot. And a golden run for Australia at the para athletics championships in London.

Good afternoon, Ros Childs with ABC News. Deputy Greens leader Larissa Waters has resigned from the Senate after realising she has been ineligible to sit in Federal Parliament. Senator Waters was born in Canada and didn't renounce her dual citizenship when running for office. For more on this I am joined by political reporter Jane Norman in Canberra. It was an emotional Larissa Waters who made this announcement?Yes. It is an extraordinary situation. Larissa Waters is the second Greens Senator? Just a week to resign after finding out that she holds a dual citizenship. She was born in Canada to Australian parents. They migrated it Australia when she was 11 months old and she thought she had become naturalised but recently discovered, in the wake of Scott Ludlam's resignation last week, that the laws have changed in Canada and she wasn't able to just be naturalised. She had to physically renounce her citizenship. As it stands, she is a dual citizen with canned why and Australia meaning she is not eligible to sit in parliament. She sought urgent legal advice about the situation after Scott Ludlam resigned last week. He found out he held a New Zealand citizenship as well and says she was devastated to learn about that law change in Canada meaning she is ineligible to stand. She is the fourth Senator in the parliament to resign because of constitutional issues. Rod Culleton and Bob Day are the other senators who have fallen foul ofs. 44. She has been in the Senate for seven years and was visibly upset when announcing her resignation. Let's listen to what she said.I thought I was naturalised as a Australian and I had the choice at age 21 to choose whether to be a Canadian citizen and I chose not to but it seems that the law was changed a week after I was born and in fact I should have act yuvly renounced Canadian citizenship. I will now obviously do that and I just want to apologise to my party and to all of the wonderful Queenslanders that I have been so proud to represent in the last six years.What is her departure going to mean for the Greens then?They have got two Senate positions to replace. One in WA and one in Queensland. The process is once parliament resumes, this will be referred to the High Court to sort out. Because we have seen the situation, we know what is likely to happen. The next person on the 2016 Greens Queensland Senate ticket is likely to get this gig and that is a former politician by the name of Andrew Bartlett. He sat in the Senate up until 2008 and was with the Democrats at the time. He was a one time leader of that party. We don't know whether he wants this position but ultimately, it will be filled by another Greens candidate. Over the next few weeks, it should become clearer who that is. For Larissa Waters, she can renounce the citizenship which she said she would do today and run again. It is not the first time this has happened. Jackie Kelly, a Liberal member many years ago did that and ran for parliament again and was elected.On another subject, the Prime Minister today has announced a new super ministry?Yes, a major shake-up to a national security agencies with the formation of a new home affairs ministry. This new agency will be in place by 30 June next year. The head will be the existing Immigration Minister Peter Dutton who will assume control of border protection, ASIO and the AFP. The Prime Minister says this is the biggest shake-up to our national security agencies in 40 years and reflects the complex security environment we find ourselves in. He said this announcement is the result of years of planning and research and in his words, it is a logical next step to make. Let's listen to what Malcolm Turnbull said earlier.We need these reforms not because the system is broken but because our security environment is evolving quickly, it is becoming more complex, it is likely to remain so for the foreseeable future. We need a better structure to meet the challenge of the times.Malcolm Turnbull there announcing those big changes to national security agencies a little while ago on what has turned out to be a big day in politics here in Canberra.Thanks Jane. The Minneapolis police officer who shot dead Australian woman Justine Damond had just two years experience on the force. Lawyers for Mohammed Noor have released a statement saying he extends his condolences to Justine's family and that he takes their loss seriously. As the grieving continues, so too does the family's search for answers. Ben Knight reports from Minneapolis. With friends and family by his side, a devastated Don Damond paid tribute to his wife to be.The death of Justine is a loss to everyone who knew her. She touched so many people with her loving and generous heart. They were set to marry next month. It is difficult to fathom how to go forward without her in my life.The family say they are in the dark about why Justine was shot and killed by a police officer she had called for help on Saturday night. We have lost the dearest of people and we are desperate for information and piecing together Justine's last moments before the homicide would be a small comfort as we grieve this tragedy.New audio reveals the scramble by police shortly after the shooting.530 shots fired. Sergeant acknowledge shots fired and one down.Where is EMS on this?They are coming, rescue is coming.What no-one can fathom is just how this could have happened, how a woman could have walked out of her house, into the laneway, a brightly lit laneway with street lamps and motion sensor lights on most of the garages to talk to police in their car, without a weapon, easily seen and somehow end up shot dead.It could have been any one of us. It could have been any one of us calling the police, responding to a situation that we thought put other friends and neighbours in danger. I walk that alley multiple times a day. Have you walked it at night? Absolutely. I have two German shepherds, I walk it all the time. The officer who pulled the trigger is Mohammed Noor, the first Somali American officer in the district. Local reports say Justine Damond was dressed in her PJs talking to the driver of the police car when officer Noor shot her from the passenger seat. In a statement, Noor's lawyer said...

A steady stream of friends and strangers have been visiting the scene to pay their respects to a woman they say radiated peace.I can't imagine the police shooting her, there would be nothing threatening about her body language. I have the same question everyone else has, why weren't the body cameras activated? I don't know the answer to that question and I am eager to find out.In a statement, the city's police chief described the death as tragic and asked for the investigation to be expedited to provide transparency.It is a terrible impact on the city, this is all over the world, people know that it is dangerous to come here and this is going to have a terrible impact on us. I wish I could tell them that it is not the way we are but it is.It is not one bad apple, it is the mentality in the police. I feel like in Minneapolis, this is supposed to be a progressive city. There will be a movement here, this is the bottom line. This will not stand.All most people here want to know is why?

know is why? KSTP Foreign Investment Review Board Gattive reporter Eric Chaloux is covering the story and he says police are facing greater scrutiny.Shock and outrage is a fair assessment of what is going on. A lot of people questioning the police procedures and what played out last night. We know that the officers involved in the shooting, only one fired their gun. We learn tonight from the county medical examiner that one bullet fatally struck Ms Damond in the abdomen. As you have been reporting as well, our sources are saying that the officer who fired his weapon, officer Noor was seated in the passenger seat firing, at least one of the shots right over his partner before the bullet fatally struck Ms Damond. We do know tonight here in the US that both of the officers have not been interviewed by the State agency here in Minnesota that investigates officer involved shootings.Crucial to this event has been the question of why the police body cameras were switched off. What have you managed to find out about that, what has been the police response to questions about that?The mayor of Minneapolis asking a lot of questions about that as well. Members of the Minneapolis city council are echoing the mayor's comments. In Minneapolis body cameras are very new. The way the policy is written is if the officer has to use force, the body camera must be turned on. The type of body cameras used by Minneapolis police don't automatically turn on when they are on the beat. They have to be turned on by that officer. We do know the specific ones that were recently purchased by Minneapolis have a 30 second backup time or to go back 30 seconds to the incident but we know the body cameras were not turned on. Body cameras are very new here in Minneapolis. The patrol SUV that the two officers were in is also equipped with a dashboard camera but the only way that camera starts to record is if the officers' lights and sirens were on. A lot of questions are being asked about this policy here in Minneapolis about body cameras and their usage. As I mentioned, the officer has to turn on the body cameras themselves if they feel threatened.What is the context of this event in terms of any ongoing debate about police shootings in other instances in Minneapolis itself?Here in the twin city, in the last two years, Minneapolis and in St Paul, there have been three fatal officer involved shootings here in the twin cities, nowhere else. We have been talking here in the newsroom have we been able to find any other city that has experienced so many fatal officer involved shootings that have generated such an outswell of emotion from the community. Last evening in Ms Damond's neighbourhood there were hundreds of people gathered for a vigil demanding answers. The other officer involved shootings we have had over the last years have led to protests and protesters marching on the interstate and shutting down the freeways here in Minneapolis. We are trying to get answers. This will be a long process here in the US, the State investigative agency will interview as many people as they can looking for video which will then be turned over into a county prosecutor to see if a crime was committed. A lot of people in the community where she lived, at City Hall are asking questions wanting to know what happened on Saturday evening.KSTP investigative reporter Eric Chaloux thanks you so much.

The trial of a woman charged with murdering her baby daughter has begun in Newcastle in the New South Wales Hunter Valley. The 16-month-old died in 2001 and for legal reasons, the accused and the child can't be named. Here is Mazoe Ford.The Crown prosecutor Les Carr has been laying out the Crown case during this 4-6 week trial. He said the 44-year-old woman is accused of killing her baby daughter, disposing of the body and that that body has never been found. He admitted there is no direct evidence to prove murder, instead the Crown case is circumstantial. He said that the circumstances and all of the circumstantial evidence is substantial. He said the child was last seen in 2001 at Christmas time when she was around two years old and she has been missing for some 16 years. It would be her 18th birthday next month. Having already had three children taken away by child services, DOCS as it was known then, the 44-year-old woman told people she was afraid DOCS would take this little girl so she started to tell people, when people were saying "Where is she? " "They have sent her away to live with another couple" but wouldn't say who the couple was and where they lived and she was vague when pressed for details and neighbours, health workers and friends became very concerned. Police began investigating in early 2004 when no-one had seen the child and were becoming increasingly concerned.What do police believe happened to her?Police believe, according to the indictment at least, that this little girl died sometime between December 2000 and December 2001. They don't believe this woman's claims that she has gone to live with other people. They have done extensive searches of education databases, school databases, Medicare, immigration databases even to see if there is any suggestion of where this little girl might be. They had a name for perhaps the woman of the couple that she might have gone to live with but that name has turned up no results either looking for the little girl. They will going to rely on diary entries from the accused where she talks about the little girl being an angel and has used the word "Killed" also.Thanks Mazoe. The top stories on ABC News - Greens Senator Larissa Waters says she is resigning from parliament after discovering she has dual citizenship. She was born in Canada and came to Australia as a baby. The Prime Minister has announced the creation of a super ministry to look after national security. It will be modelled on the UK's home office. The US police officer who fatally shot Australian woman Justine Damond has released a statement through his lawyer, sending his condolences to her family.

The agency tasked with protecting Australians from rogue doctors insists it is making major changes to protect patients. 7.30 last night revealed a neurologist sexually abused more than 100 male patients, the majority after the industry regulator was notified of his behaviour. The agency says it is now taking action but the ABC has spoken to patients and lawyers who say that hasn't been their experience. Here is Ashlynne McGhee.I have spoken to three families and a number of lawyers for this story and all of them have remarkably similar but remarkably different tales and they are all equally heartbreaking. If we look at Tom Monegal. He was 19 years old in 2015, he has Tourettes syndrome and he went to visit a Melbourne neurologist, Andrew Churchyard. Tom was sexually abused on two occasions and Tom complained to police and APRA about what happened but what Tom and his family didn't know at that time was that the medical regulator knew about Dr Churchyard's behaviour. It had a complaint on file from 2007 and in the years that followed there were more than 100 men sexually abused by the neurologist. Tom was among them and the vast majority happened after that initial 2007 notification. Tom went to the regulator in 2015 to report exactly what happened. It placed some conditions on Dr Churchyard but allowed him to keep practising. It was after that that Churyhyard went on to sexually abuse another 10 patients. That has left Tom and his family feeling incredibly upset and angry that they made this notification that they say this sexual abuse need not have happened to Tom or the other men involved. Tom's parents are both doctors and he feels like he has got a position of advantage in this situation in that he knew how to navigate the system and they could help him out with it. When you talk to Tom, he says he is trying to use that to make changes at APRA. Let's listen in.I think what is helped me start to move forward a bit is, sort of rather than trying to see myself as a victim or even the term "Survivor" I would rather try and see myself as an advocate for the changes that really need to occur to stop this from happening to other people. What has been the response from the medical regulator to this? The biggest criticisms are about APRA's lack of transparency and the fact that patients say they are prioritising doctors over the safety of patients. The medical regulator says it is making some major changes, it is speeding up how quickly it investigates complaints. It is communicating better with patients it says and it is developing a policy about if it reports sexual abuse to police. That was one of the issues in this case. All of the families and the lawyers that I spoke to say they have heard about these changes in theory but in practice, they are not seeing any of that in the way that APRA's handling their cases.

It has been three years since Malaysia Airlines flight MH17 was shot down over eastern Ukraine killing all on board. A memorial has been unveiled in the Netherlands in memory of the victims who came from 17 countries, including Australia. The Dutch royal family gathered with friends and relatives of those killed for a commemoration ceremony near Amsterdam's Schipol airport. 298 trees have been planted near where flight MH17 took off, one for every passenger killed when the plane was shot down. They now serve as a permanent memorial. The Dutch King and Queen were among 2000 people at the unveiling ceremony. Our beloved son and brother, Jack Samuel O'Brien, 25 years.38 of those who died were heading home to Australia.Our beautiful children, Mo, 12, Evie, 10, and Otis, 8.A criminal investigation last year found the plane was brought down by a missile fired in territory held by pro-Russian rebels and identified around 100 possible suspects. Russia denies any involvement and has blocked efforts to try them in an international court but Dutch authorities, with international support, are determined to bring the culprits to justice in the Netherlands. TRANSLATION: The foundation flight disaster MH17 won't sit still and won't be silent until the guilty have been brought to justice and have received their punishment. Three years on from the MH17 disaster, the war in Ukraine drags on. International monitors record regular cease fire violations and fear conditions could again erupt into full scale war. The passengers from MH17 are now at rest but the number of war victims continues to grow.

We will take you live to Sydney where Greens leader Richard Di Natale is about to speak.

Let me start by saying I am gutted by today's announcement coming just a few days after Scott's announcement. Larissa has been an incredible representative for the people of Queensland and indeed for the nation. She has been a wonderful Deputy and her departure is deeply saddening. It is unprecedented to have the resignation of two such outstanding people from this parliament, two leaders of such integrity, such honesty, two people who have done the Greens and indeed this nation proud. This was an innocent mistake. Larissa acted quickly as soon as he knew about it and she has paid a high price for this. She has had to lose a job that she deeply loves because she is so committed to the things that we are all committed to. To tackling dangerous climate change, she has been an advocate for the environment. She has been a force of nature when it comes to her campaign against the polluting Adani coal mine. She has been a role model for women and mothers right across the country and we have seen that only in recent weeks in the Australian parliament. She has been a role model when it comes to taking a stand against the vested interests who corrupt our democracy. She has represented the people of Queensland with passion, with commitment, with dedication and it is with great sadness that we lose an outstanding member of parliament and that I lose a dear friend. I am sad to see Larissa go but I know she will be back. Whether it be inside or outside the parliament, she has got a lot of unfinished business and I know we haven't seen the last of Larissa Waters. Let me just say that the last few weeks have shown that we need to improve the way we manage our party processes. When I joined this party almost 20 years ago, we were a small organisation. We ran on the smell of an oily rag. We have grown to a party that represents over a million voters who voted Greens at the last election, tens of thousands of members, supporters who have given blood, sweat and tears for this party. I know today many will be frustrated, I share your frustration. I have immediately spoken to our two national co-conveners and we are committed to a thorough root and branch review so that we strengthen our governance, improve our internal processes and we make sure that this never happens again. We are a party that is committed to making sure that we take on vested interests in the parliament, that we ensure that we stop that Adani mine, that we get rid of those people languishing in offshore detention centres and bring them here. That we end political donations, that we make sure that we start tackling inequality and give young kids and opportunity to buy their first home. We are absolutely committed to making sure that, as a result of what has just happened, we strengthen our internal party processes and come out of this bigger and stronger and better and we can be a voice for those many thousands of Australians who desperately want us to succeed. Happy to take questions. REPORTER: Are there any other members of the parliamentary party or future candidates who have been worn overseas?No, I don't believe so. In the light of this, we have ensured that we check and double-check that everybody else is not in this situation and the last thing I want to be doing is standing here again with another announcement.Do you see this as a failure of the Greens vetting processes?There is no question here - I won't sugar coat it, we need to make sure that our internal party processes are up to the challenge. We have grown from the very small organisations to the third major political force in Australian parliament. We have to improve our governance. We have to strengthen our internal processes and we have to make sure that this doesn't happen again.Two senators have now gone down as a result of links to countries that they don't really have anymore. Do you think the rules are fair and is there room to relax them so that this sort of thing doesn't happen again?Let me just say a few things about that. The world today is different to the world that was conceived - to the world that was there when the provision in the constitution was conceived. People travel a lot. We have got many Australians who were born overseas, indeed many born to foreign nationals. I don't want to make any excuses about what happened. We had two individuals who made a mistake. It was a stuff-up. There is absolutely no other way of describing it. We had our internal party processes who failed to pick this up. We need to make sure that we are up to the challenge of representing those many millions of people who count on us and that is what we are going to do. We are now going to conduct a thorough root and branch review of our internal processes so that we come out of this stronger and better and make sure we continue fighting for all those things that we know people want us to fight on.Senators Whish-Wilson and McKim were both born overseas. Have they had their status double-checked?Yes, they have and I am assured they are fine. When did you first become aware of Senator Waters' issue?On Friday night.You heard about Scott Ludlam's issue a couple of days before -Yes.Did you find out at the same time -No, on the back of Senator Ludlam, everybody was encouraged to check their status. Senators Waters, who is diligent, she has explained her personal circumstances. When it became aware that it wasn't as she understood them, we immediately took action to verify her own circumstances and then we became aware that in fact she was a dual national.She only found out herself on Friday when she started to look into it?That is my understanding, yes. (INAUDIBLE QUESTION) That will be a question for Larissa. As far as I am concerned, I would welcome her back to the parliament with open arms. She is an incredible person. She is somebody who has represented the people of Queensland with such passion. She has made such an enormous contribution to the Australian parliament. She is a passionate warrior for the environment. Her history as an environmental lawyer and then in the parliament as the voice for the environment in the Australian parliament is something we will desperately miss and from my perspective, and I am sure I am speaking on behalf of every single member and supporter of the Greens, we hope she comes back.Is Andrew Barr just an understudy then? Ultimately it is a question for Larissa to decide what her future holds. I know Senator Bartlett will make a great contribution. He has history and experience in the Senate. He is somebody who has shown a great commitment to the Greens over many years and we welcome the contribution that Andrew Bartlett will make if indeed it does turn out as we expect and that on the basis of a countback he becomes the next Senator for Queensland.Do you think an exclusive allegiance to Australia is necessary for a Senator?I just want to say we don't want to make excuses for what happened. That is something that I think in time people will look at, the circumstances of surrounding Larissa are clear. Born to Australian parents, somebody who was 11 months old when she came to the country. We all know the rules as they stand and we had two individuals who made an oversight and are paying for it. They are paying a high price for it. We had our internal processes who didn't pick this up. That is for us, it is importantly to acknowledge. The challenge has been laid down to us in the Greens. We have to work together to make sure we strengthen our governance to improve our internal party processes to make sure this doesn't happen again. We have a responsibility here. My responsibility is to those people who have entrusted us to fight on about.
all the things that we all care about. That is front and foremost for me. The responsibility that I take as the leader of the Australian Greens and they can rest assured that we are taking immediate action to make sure that we do not face these circumstances again and that indeed we are a party that is stronger and better because of the challenges we have recently had to face.Recently, you have had infighting with Lee Rhiannon and now you have lost two of your more high profile senators. How difficult has this month been for the party and yourself as leader?It has been a terrible month, there is no other way of sugar coating it. To lose two people like Scott Ludlam and Senator Larissa Waters, these are two of the most outstanding people, not just in the parliament but I would say in politics anywhere in the country. They are people of the highest integrity, intellect, commitment, they have been not just a support to me personally but they have been absolute warriors on so many issues. The loss of Scott and Larissa Waters leaves a gaping hole in the parliament. We have got some very strong replacements for them if indeed the situation works out as we expect it to. We are very sad to lose them and I think it is a great loss for the country as well.Greens leader Richard Di Natale speaking about the resignation of Deputy Greens Leader Larissa Waters today after she discovered she held dual citizenship. She was born in Canada. Greens Senator Scott Ludlam stepped down last week for the snam reason. He was born in New Zealand. Richard Di Natale said the Greens need to change the way they manage the party's processes and there will be a root and branch review as a result.

The top stories on ABC News - Greens Senator Larissa Waters is resigning from parliament because of issues over her citizenship. She was born in Canada to Australian parents and says she didn't realise she was a dual citizen. Last Friday Scott Ludlam resigned after discovering he held dual New Zealand citizenship. The Prime Minister has announced the creation of a new super ministry to look after national security. Under the changes ASIO, Federal Police and Border Force will report to a new home affairs ministry and Peter Dutton will be in charge. Malcolm Turnbull says the new ministry is modelled on the UK's home office and he says it creates a better structure to meet the challenge of the times. The US police officer who fatally shot Australian woman Justine Damond has released a statement through his lawyer. He extends his condolences to her family and says he joined the police force to protect the people he serves. Ms Damond was shot after she called police to report what she believed was a sexual assault near her home. And James Turner has broken the world record for the second straight day winning the 200m T36 at the world para athletics championships in London. Scott Reardon won his third straight world title in the 100m T42.

More now on our top story, the resignation of Greens Senator Larissa Waters due to her holding dual citizenship. Josh Bavas joins us from Brisbane now. Larissa is now the second Greens Senator to resign in less than a week?That is right. It was just a short time ago she held a press conference here out the front of Queensland parliament. She said she made the discovery after getting some lawyers to investigate her situation after following her colleague's revelations last week. She says it was discovered she was in fact a dual Canadian citizen. She came out to Australia when she was 11 months old and said her parents told her if she wanted to seek out Canadian citizenship she had to do so before she was 21. It seems it was under the wrong information that she thought she was automatically no longer a Canadian citizen and said it was right up until this point that she had no idea of that situation. She is going to be standing down. The Greens convener, Andrew Bartlett, a former Australian Democrat, he is No.2 on the Greens ticket and he is expected to take her place. Larissa Waters said this comes as a shock to her and she took full responsibility. She said she blamed the party in no way at all and she thanked her supporters for her time, the last six years she has been an advocate campaigner against the Adani mine, she led the campaign against dumping some of that dredge spoil just off the coast of Queensland. She was one of the lead campaigners in the debate to decriminalise abortion up here and in May she became the first female politician to breast feed in Australian parliament. She said all of this comes as a shock now that she has to stand down.Does she plan to stand again in the future?She wouldn't rule that out. She said she would have to see what the next chapter holds for her. She does have the children. She said she will look to them as her first priority but wouldn't rule out returning at some point.Thanks Josh. Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull has announced the creation of a super ministry to bring together Australia's national security responsibilities. The new home affairs ministry will be responsible for immigration, the Australian Border Force, the Australian Federal Police and the domestic spy agency ASIO. Current Immigration Minister Peter Dutton will be the new minister for home affairs. Mr Turnbull says terrorist tactics are changing so the Government needs to change as well. I have decided to establish a home affairs portfolio of Australia's immigration, border protection and domestic security agencies. The new portfolio will be similar to the United Kingdom's home office arrangement, a federation, if you will, of border and security agencies. Let me be clear, this is not a United States-style Department of Homeland Security. The agencies will retain their current statutory independence which is such a vital aspect of our Australian system. The operational agencies will include ASIO, the Australian Federal Police, the Australian Border Force, the Australian Criminal Intelligence Commission, the Australian Transaction Reports and Analysis Centre, or AUSTRAC, and the office of transport security. They will be supported by a central department that will oversee policy and strategic planning and the coordination of the operational response to the threats we face. Importantly, ASIO, AFP and Australian Border Force will all report directly to the Home Affairs Minister. This will ensure that these three important agencies have direct reporting into the cabinet. The Home Affairs Minister will have two ministers working to him on the security side and the immigration side. We need these reforms not because the system is broken but because our security environment is evolving quickly, it is becoming more complex, it is likely to remain so for the foreseeable future. We need a better structure to meet the challenge of the times. That is why we are adopting a model which is closer to the British home office than the large scale American Homeland Security department. I want to stress we are taking the best elements of our intelligence and national security community and making them better. As terrorists evolve their methods, we have to evolve our responses.Rory Metcalfe from the ANU says the creation of a home affairs super ministry could be beneficial, providing the AFP and ASIO maintain their independence.On balance, we need to look pretty open mindedly about it and look at the potential benefits. We form of our national security architecture is something we need to revisit. The devil will be in the detail in the way this is implemented over the next 12 months.One of the major elements of the controversial change is that the Attorney-General will lose responsibility for ASIO and the AFP. It will go to the new minister. What is your view on that?That is an important question and I think there are two factors here that need to be addressed in whatever arrangements finally emerge. One is that the AFP and ASIO need to absolutely retain their statutory independence, their operational independence. Secondly, this needs to be accompanied by very strong oversight provisions, including potentially from the Attorney-General. There is no reason why the Attorney-General can't be responsible for warrants under this new arrangement. There is no reason why the new arrangement can't be accompanied by a stronger resourcing of the Inspector-General of Intelligence and Security. It goes to how this is implemented and how we guard against this new super ministry having extraordinary power. It is a huge department now, isn't it? Will that bring its own problems?It depends the extent to which it is a department rather than a ministry. If you look at the scale of the immigration and border protection department, that is an enormous number of public servants doing lots of difficult and important work already. It depends on the communication, the flexibility with which all of these agencies are knitted together. I think what is going to be critical is the quality and communication of the offices of the relevant ministers rather than necessarily the rank and file of the department. Do you think that communication between those officers will improve under this new model?It is going to have to be very good, regardless of how it has been in the past. The relationship between the Home Affairs Minister and the Home Affairs Minister and the Attorney-General, between their offices and between the leadership of their agencies and organisations, that is where we are going to see whether this new system works or not.Is the establishment of this ministry an admission that there were problems with the old model, that things were being missed?I think that the way the Prime Minister put it is broadly right, that is that the system wasn't broken but that we are seeing such change in the international and the domestic security environment, the national security environment that we have to be adapting. From my own perspective, I would argue that there are issues, such as for example foreign influence and foreign interference. We have seen what happened in the US with Russian interference last year. We need new arrangements because it is not clear which agency or department owns that issue. Same with cyber security, same with counter-terrorism. An ideal implementation of this new arrangement would be finally those new issues have a home. That is the upside and that is what we have to look to to make the most of now.The bottom line is whether these changes will improve security and keep the public safer, how will this reorganisation do that?One of the arguments that has been made is that against the need for change is that so far the Australian security community has been successful in thwarting a large number of terrorist attacks and a large number of risks and threats to our national security but there is no guarantee of continued success and unfortunately, in counter-terrorism, we only have to fail once for it to be a major security and indeed political crisis. There is a sense that the risks and the threats are evolving quickly and therefore we need to be exceptional in the way we review our security architecture. There is an outpouring of support in Minneapolis for the family of Justine Damond who was shot by a policeman over the weekend. One of her friends says the Australian was a good natured person and she is confounded why police thought she could be a threat.She worked with animals. They trusted her and they felt empathy. That is what I saw in her right away. I thought I gotta meet her. I loved her. This is a person I wanted to be friends with. It is a big loss for me. My friend had come over and said "Joan, did you hear there was a shooting in your neighbourhood? " And we had been up north and didn't hear about the media. They said it is a block away and it is an Australian woman. I knew right away it was Justine. It breaks my heart. It is not only a loss for people but all the animals she loved. We need people to care about other people. This was a lovely person. I can't imagine the police shooting her. There would be nothing threatening about her body language. She will live on in our hearts. She mad a big difference for animals.You don't think she would have been or presented as a threat? Heavens no, oh God no. I am sure you have heard that from other people. She had just this very centred, happy presence that we all read in each other. A lot of our communication is nonverbal. I would assume police would understand that. This is insane that this woman has to die because she is truly a victim of this police State, wow call it a police State. Inside I feel like in Minneapolis, this is supposed to be a progressive city. I think there will be a movement here. This is the bottom line. This will not stand. A lovely person like that and there would be no way you could interpret her body language as being threatening.US President Donald Trump is believed to have intervened to allow a team of young women from Afghanistan to take part in an international robotics competition in Washington. The six teenagers arrived at the last minute after being twice rejected for US visas, most likely over fears they wouldn't return home. The young women built their robot in just two weeks with little time to test it. They are among more than 150 teams competing with most having months to prepare. The robots have to sort blue and orange balls and place them in different locations. Despite some setbacks, the Afghan team scored well in the first rounds and have three more matches to go. The battle to retake Marawi in the Philippines continues to drag on as thousands of evacuated children get on with life in other parts of the country. The Government and aid agencies have set up a tent school in a nearby town. Students sit on the floor and separate classes are held in the morning and afternoon. At least 15 schools in Marawi have been destroyed in the fighting and while the military hopes to clear the city in two weeks, it will be at least six months before residents can return. Social media is dominating the way Australians use their phones with people checking their Facebook and messaging apps more than ever. The latest state of mobile report by Yahoo's mobile analytics arm Flurry tracked more than 55,000 applications across 29 million devices. Here to discuss the results here is the director of Flurry Analytics. Which apps do we use the most here in Australia?Users in Australia have overwhelmingly declared that the social and messaging applications are dominating their time here on their Smartphones. Second to that are music and media and entertainment application and then third are gaming applications.What do we use the social apps for in the main? Social apps have moved beyond just a function to communicate with your friends and family, towards a means to discover content, distribute concept and create content. Whenever you or your family is going into an app like Snapchat or Instagram and putting content there, you have become a content creator.Did you look at how much time we spend on the apps?Yes, the average US consumer spends five hours a day on their Smartphones. We think the Australian market mirrors that behaviour. We have dedicated a lot of our time to Smartphones here in Australia.Geographically users in Sydney and Melbourne are the most addicted, is that right?Yes. We think that population density mirrors where a lot of the activity is coming from. Sydney and Melbourne are driving a lot of the Smartphone activity here in Australia.Is this activity on Smartphones or on tablets?Users have adopted what we call phablets, the larger phones like the iPhone 7 plus and between 2016 and 2017, phablets became dominant in this country. People stopped purchasing or purchasing fewer tablet devices and medium phones in favour of consolidating all activity to that larger device. What is the critical mass of app usage and are we close to that here? Yes. If you think about how much more time can you actually give to a Smartphone, if we are giving about five hours a day, so for people building apps, you have to think about new and exciting ways to engage a user. In order to grow and engage them, you have to think of exciting ways to captivate their attention.What sort of apps can we expect in the future?We will continue to see a consolidation of all of our time into the social and messaging applications. We see tonnes of growth in the retail space. Users are more comfortable spending money on their mobile devices and purchasing things there and we see the rise of health and fitness applications so the population here is so fit, they are finding a tonne of value in those health and fitness apps in order to track their activity.We are not using mobiles anymore to make phone calls, are we?That is a small element but we have diversified the use considerably and are doing almost every aspect and managing every aspect of our lives on those devices.Artificial intelligence, will that play a role in the future? I think so. An app developer what they are building for has expanded so far beyond just a Smartphone and you see the rise of voice first devices like Amazon Alexir and Google Home.What is that element? When you speak to the device and they are able to interpret perhaps your intention or what you want. There are engineers all around the world building that functionality in order to understand me as a human and how I can communicate with that. At a certain point are app categories cannibal licing each other, what does that mean?For the first five or six years of the mobile app revolution, people were still developing habits around the phones and developing the habit to download applications. We have hit critical mass of usage. Most people have a Smartphone or multiple devices. In order for you to grow as an app developer and a company, you need to steal away time from other applications.Thanks Chris.

For sports news here is Shannon Byrne with more on the latest tennis rankings that have seen Roger Federer move up to No.3 in the world.He has just gone up remarkably. After winning his 8th Wimbledon title, he has climbed from fifth to third in the world. This is an extraordinary man that has come back from injury and layoff last year. 35 years of age, next month he would become world No.1 and he would be the oldest man to do that as well. The US Open starts on 28 August. All eyes on that to see what he can do, this is after claiming Wimbledon only days ago but winning the Australian Open as well. That is the news for him. Australia's Nick Kyrgios remains in 20th. Bernard Tomic has slipped down 10 places to 69th in the world. There is a new world No.1 in the women's, Czech Karolina Pliskova has taken over as world No.1 and our best female ranked Australian is Daria Gavrilova and she is down to 24th in the world. What a remarkable year - Roger Federer, 17th and now third and next month could reclaim his world No.1 ranking which she gave up to Novak Djokovic in 2012. It is a remarkable time for him.A successful day for Australia at the world para athletics championships? They are underway in London. The site where the 2012 Olympics were, the first time that a big competition has returned there as well. A 37-strong Australian team at the para Olympic World Athletics Championships. Tomorrow Scott Reardon has remarkably won his third world title in a row. This is a huge achievement for him in the T42 classification in the 100m. No other male has achieved that in the T42 as well. Two more golds including 21-year-old James Turner who broke the world record for the second straight day. Won in his heats and came out and beat that record again in the 200m T36. Well done there to Scott Reardon on your screen. Three world titles in a row. A silver medal for long jumper Erin Cleaver and Maddison Debrosio won a bronze medal.A great big win for the Proteas in the UK?Yes, this is a huge win. Talking about South Africa defeating England at Trent Bridge. It hasn't happened in 52 years a test win for the Proteas as you say there. It was the way that they did it. They actually did it within 45 overs and a day and a half to spare. They absolutely thrashed England and won by 340 runs in the end. It was a day where the Proteas took full advantage. It wasn't a good time for Joe Root who is - it is his first time as captain in his second game in charge that he has had the loss. He is one from one. They were thrashed in the second test at Trent Bridge. The home side was bowled out for 133 runs. Remarkable when you think of how well England do at home. If we get the Ashes coming to Australia, we can sigh relief as England aren't doing too well. I know everyone is having lunch. We didn't want to show but Kelly Slater has broken his foot in two places after being crushed by a wave and getting his foot stuck on his surf board. He is out of the J-Bay Open. Thanks Shannon. Time for the weather, here is Nate Byrne.On the satellite picture, we have a low pressure system making its way east to the south-east of the country. That is causing some windy and wet conditions for the south-eastern States. In the west, a front is approaching the south-west corner. That will start to impact from this afternoon and this evening and throughout tomorrow. As we look ahead to tomorrow, you will see the rain continuing for the south-west corner. Showers clearing from SA and some just sticking around in Victoria and New South Wales. The capitals for tomorrow...

The snail racing championships have been held in the UK. More than 150 snails took part in the Gastropod Games at Norfolk in eastern England. The championships have been running since the 1960s. Each slimy race to the edge of the circular table begins with a cool ready, steady, slow. This year's winner was Larry, rewarded with a silver Tankard stuffed with leafy lettuce leaves. That is ABC News for now. I am Ros Childs. Thanks for joining us.

This program is not captioned.