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the cold for so long. Thanks.

This program is live captioned by Ericsson Access Services. Australia's new super ministry. The Government unveils the national security plan.

The family of a woman shot deadly police in Minneapolis demand to know why an officer opened fire. Piecing together Justine's last moments before the homicide would be a small comfort as we grieve this tragedy. Worse than a natural disaster - warnings a cyber attack on Australia could cost tens of billions of dollars. And in a golden run for Australia at the Para Athletics Championships in London. Ros Childs with ABC News. Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull has announced the creation of a new super ministry, bringing together Australia's national security responsibilities. The new Home Affairs ministry will be responsible for immigration, the Australian Border Force, the Australian Federal Police and ASIO. Our political joins us now live from Canberra. Take us through the changes.As expected, the Prime Minister has announced the cre resignation of the Home Affairs portfolio that will be in place by June 30 next year and headed up by Immigration Minister, Peter Dutton, who, as you said, will have responsibility for not only immigration, but Border Force, the AFP and the domestic spy agency, ASIO. Malcolm Turnbull says that this agency will mirror the UK's Home Office. It won't be like the US-style Department of Homeland Security. He's described this as the most significant reform to our National Security Agencies in 40 years and it reflects the complex security environment we found ourselves in. Let's take a listen to what Malcolm Turnbull had to say just a few minutes ago.We need these reforms, not because the system is broken, but because the security environment is evolving quickly, it's becoming more complex. It's likely to remain so for the foreseeable future. We need a better structure to meet the challenge of the times.What are the pit falling of this?Malcolm Turnbull says this is the result of years of planning and research and considered thought and theory, in his words. He say that is this will bring better coordination and cooperation of our law enforcement and National Security Agencies. The cooperate will be enhanced when ASIO, the AFP and border security all report to the one minister, rather than several ministers, as is currently the case. I guess the pit falls have been expressed by some national security experts who say that we're potentially putting excessive control in the hands of just one minister. As I mentioned, at the moment, these agencies are handled by several ministers, meaning that there is a contest of ideas around the Cabinet table. Now, ultimately there's only one person responsible for many of these decisions. The Government is conscious of that to an extent and made some changes around ASIO. ASIO has traditionally sat under Attorney-General George Brandis. But to ensure that there remains legal oversight and that there's no erosion of civil liberties once ASIO is under the control of the new home affairs minister. The Attorney-General will still be responsible for approving ministerial warrants. The Prime Minister went to great lengths to emphasise that the Attorney-General's role will be one of oversight and integrity. This is how George Brandis, the Attorney-General himself, described the changes.It does return or restore the Attorney-General's portfolio to its traditional orthodox, familiar function, as the first law officer of the Commonwealth.Attorney-General George Brandis there announcing alongside the Prime Minister the biggest changes to our national security architecture and agencies in more than 40 years. Thank you. Investigations are continuing into how Australian woman Justine Damond was shot dead by a police officer in the US city of Minneapolis. The 40-year-old called police to report an assault near her house late on Saturday night, and when police arrived, one officer fatally shot her. Our North America correspondent, Ben Knight, is in Minneapolis.This is quite literally the scene of the crime. The place where people from this community, and indeed, from across the city, have been bringing their tributes, you can see the flowers and signs and photo and even some dolls have been placed there in memory of Justine Damond. But also here in memory of other people who they say have been the victims of police violence in the city of Minneapolis. This case, though, is extremely unusual and so many questions to be answered. It was in this alleyway that Justine Damond was shot dead sometime near midnight on Saturday night. She had made a call to 911, to emergency services. Two police officers arrived. At some point, one of them shot her dead. Now, information is starting to come out about some of the details of that. Such as that the shot was fired by an officer from within the vehicle. Police confirmed that there was no weapon found anywhere near the scene of the crime - certainly not one that was owned about I anyone other than the police. So the American civil liberties union has weighed in saying that there are too many unanswered questions and the police need to answer as many questions as possible, such as why the officers did not turn on their body cameras and why the squad car camera, pointing forwards, which may not have captured the vision of what happened, but when police say that it didn't capture the vision, why was there no audio? And they want the 911 call to be revealed. The police know that they have questions on their hands. There are many police shootings here in Minneapolis. This one has created an enormous wave of concern. I've spoken to people from far away from this place who came here to talk about their concerns not just about the police relationship with the people here, but more specifically, the detail of the police training and the police culture. The police officer who fired the shot was a Somali American. His name was Mohammed Nur - the first Somali American to join the Minneapolis police force and that was a significant moment because this is a state with a high Somali population and the mayor decided it was worth a photo opportunity. But it hasn't gone well. Mohammed shs Nur had two complaints against him and now this investigation under way. The police chief put out a statement today saying that the pain and the anxiety of the community is understood and promising that this would be a quick investigation. But that's not within the power of police to say. This will be an independent investigation and there are many, many people here, who will be waiting anxiously for its results. KSTP investigative reporter joins us on the phone now from Minneapolis where he's been covering the story, Eric. What's the feeling in the community about what happened to Justine Damond?In the community where she lived, I think shock and outrage would be a rare assessment of what's going on. A lot of people questioning the police procedures and what exactly played out last night. We do know that the two officers involved in the shooting, only one of them fired their gun. We learned tonight from the county medical examiner that one bullet fatally stuck Ms Damond in the abdomen. As you've been reporting as well, our sources are saying that the officer fired his weapon, officer Nur was seen firing one of the shots right over his partner for the bullet fatally striking Ms Damond. We know tonight in the US that both of the officers have not yet been interviewed by the state agencies here in Minnesota that investigates officer-involved shootings.Also crucial to the event is the question of why the police body cameras were switched off. What have you managed to find out about that? What's been the police response to question abouts that? The mayor of Minneapolis asking a lot of questions about that as well. Members of the Minneapolis City Council echoing the mayor's comments. In Minneapolis, body cameras are very new. The way the policy is written is that if the officer has to use force, the body camera must be turned on. The type of body cameras used by Minneapolis police don't automatically turn on when they're on the beat. They have to be turned on by that officer. We do know that the specific ones that were recently purchased by Minneapolis do have a 30-second back-up time where it can go back 30 seconds to the incident, but we do know that the body cameras were not turned on. As I mentioned, body cameras are very new here in Minneapolis. The patrol SUV that these two officers were in is also equipped with a dashboard camera, but the only way that that camera starts recording is if the officers' lights and sirens were on. But a lot of questions being asked about this policy here in Minneapolis about cameras and their usage. But as I mentioned, the officer has to turn on the body cameras themselves if they feel threatened.And what's the context of this event in terms of any ongoing debate about police shootings and other instances in Minneapolis itself?Here in the Twin Cities, so in the last two years in Minneapolis and our neighbouring city of St Paul, there have been three fatal officer-involved shootings. Nowhere else. We've been talking here in the newsroom have we been able to find any other city which has so many officer-involved shootings which have generated such an outswelling of emotion from the community. Last evening, as you've been reporting here in Ms Damond's neighbourhood, there were hundreds of people gathered in a vigil demanding answers. The other officer-involved shootings in the last few years have led to protests and protesters mamping on the interstate and shutting down the -- marching on the interstate and shutting down the freeway here in Minneapolis. We're trying to get more answers. This is going to be a very long process here in the US. The state investigative agency will interview as many people as they can looking for video which will then be turned over to a county prosecutor to see if, indeed, a crime was committed. But a lot of people in the community where she lived, at City Hall, are asking questions and wanting to know what happened back on Saturday evening.KSTP reporter there on the ground in Minneapolis. Thank you so much.Pleasure. Here, the agency tasked with protecting Australians from rogue doctors insists it's making major changes to protect patients. 7:30 last night revealed a neurologyist sexually abused more than 100 male patients - the majority after the industry regulator was notified of his behaviour. The agency now say it is is taking action, but the ABC has spoken to patients and lawyers who say that's not been their experience. Here's our reporter with more. What have reporters been telling you?I've spoken to three families and a number of lawyers for this story but all of them have remarkably similar and equally heart breaking stories. If we look at the Monigal story. Tom Monigal has Terretts syndrome and he went to visit Andrew Churchyard. Andrew Churchyard sexually molest Tom on two occasions and Tom complained to the police and to APRA. What Tom and his family didn't know at the time is that the medical regulator already knew about Dr Churchyard's behaviour. It had a complaint on file from 2007, and in the years that followed, there were more than 100 men sexually abused by the neurologyist. Tom was among them and the vast majority happened after that initial 2007 notification. Now, Tom went to the regulator in 2015 to report exactly what happened. It did place some conditions on Dr Churchyard but allowed him to keep practising and it was after that, that Churchyard went on to sexually abuse another ten patients. So naturally, that's left Tom and his family feeling incredibly upset and angry that they'd made this notification that they say this sexual abuse needn't have happened to Tom or the other men involved. Now, Tom's parents are both doctors and he feels like he's got a position of advantage in this situation in that he knew how to navigate the system and they could help him out with this. And when you talk to Tom, he says he's trying to use that to make changes at APRA. Let's have a listen.I think what's really helped me start to move forward is, rather than trying to see myself as a victim or even the term "survivor", I'd rather try to see myself as an advocate for changes that need to occur to stop this happening to other people. What's been the response from the medical regulator to this?The biggest criticisms are about a ra's lack -- APRA's lack of transparency and saying that they're prioritising doctors over the patients. The medical regulator says that it is making some changes and speeding how quickly it investigates complaints and communicating better with patients, it says. And it is also developing a policy about if it reports sexual abuse to police. That was one of the issues in this case. But all of the families and the lawyers that I spoke to say that they've heard about these changes in theory, but in practice, they're not seeing any of that in the way that APRA is handling their case. Thank you. The trial of a woman charged with murdering her baby daughter has begun in Newcastle in the New South Wales Hunter Valley. The 16-month-old died in 2001, and for legal reasons, both the accused and the child can't be named. With more, here's our reporter. What's happened there so far?Good afternoon. The crown prosecutor Les Carr, has been laying out what the Crown case will be during this 4-6 week trial. He said that the 44-year-old woman is accused of killing her baby daughter, disposing of the body and the body has never been found. He admitted that there is no direct evidence to prove murder. Instead, the Crown case is circumstantial. But he said that all of the circumstantial evidence is substantial. He said that the child was last seen in 2001 at Christmas time when she was around two years old and that she's been missing now for some 16 years. It would be her 18th birthday next month. Having already had three children taken away by child services, DoCS, as it was known then, the 44-year-old woman said that she was afraid that DoCS would take this little girl so, she started to tell people when people were saying - where is she? She said she's been sent away to live with another couple. But she wouldn't say who the couple was and where they lived and she would be very vague when pressed for details. And neighbours, health workers and friends, became very concerned. Police eventually began investigating in early 2004 when no-one had seen the child and were becoming increasingly concerned.So what do police believe happened to her?Well, police believe, according to the indictment, at least, that the little girl died sometime between September 2000 and December 2001. They do not believe the chams that she went to live with someone else. They've done extensive searches of medical databases and Medicare and immigration databases to see if there's any suggestion of where the little girl might be. They had a name for perhaps the woman of the couple that she might have gone turned
to live with, but that name has turned up with no results either looking for the little girl. They're also going to rely on some diary entries from the accused where she talks about the little girl now being an angel and also used the word "killed". More than 2,000 people have gathered in the Netherlands to remember family and friends killed when Ukraine three
flight MH 17 was shot down over Ukraine three years ago. 38 Australians were among the almost 300 victims. A memorial was unveiled as part of a special ceremony attended by the Dutch royal family. 298 trees have been planted near where flight MH 17 took off. One for every passenger killed when the plane was shot down. They now serve as a permanent memorial. The Dutch King and Queen were among 2,000 people at the unveiling ceremony. Our beloved son and brother, Jack Samuel O'Brien, 25 years.386 those who died were heading home to Australia.Our beautiful children Mo, 12, Eva, 10, and Otis, 8.A criminal investigation last year found the plane was brought down by a missile fired in territory held by pro-Russian rebels and identified around 100 possible suspects. Russia denies any involvement and has blocked efforts to try them in an international court. But Dutch authorities with international support are determined to bring the culprits to justice in the Netherlands. TRANSLATION: The foundation for the flight disaster for MH 17 won't sit still and won't be silent until the guilty have been brought to justice and have received their punishment. Three years on from the MH 17 disaster, the war in Ukraine drags on. International monitors record regular ceasefire violations and fear conditions could again erupt into full-scale war. The passengers from MH 17 are now at rest, but the number of war victims continues to grow. The battle to retake Marawi in the Philippines continues to drag on as thousands of evacuated children get on with life in other parts of the country. The government and aid agencies have set up a tent school in the nearby town. Students sit on the floor and separate classes are held in the morning and afternoon. At least 15 schools in Marawi have been destroyed in the fighting and while the military hopes to clear the city in two weeks, it will be at least six months before residents can return. A terminally ill man is challenging the UK Government to try to overturn the ban on assisted dying. Noel Conway has motor neurone disease and wants to choose when and where he dies without putting those who might help at risk of prosecution. The law in the UK, and in Australia, currently makes it illegal to help someone to die. Should there be a right to die? It's an issue which polarises opinion and keeps coming back to the High Court. The latest challenge comes from Noel Conway from shropshire who was too weak to attend the hearing. His wife, Carol, is the main career. Motor neurone disease means he increasingly relies on a ventilator. Once fit and active, his muscles are progressively wasting. He fears how he will die and wants a doctor to be allowed to give him a lethal dose of drugs.I want to be able to say goodbye to the people that I love at the right time. Not to be in a zombie-like condition. Suffering both physically and psychologically. That, to me, would be a living hell. It is only three years since the Supreme Court rejected a similar plea for a right to die from Tony Nicholson, for he was not considered to be terminally ill. The blanket ban on assisted dying has been challenged many times, and in every case, the courts have rejected the central argument that the current law breaches human rights by preventing people from having a dignified death. Mr Conway's lawyers argue that his challenge is different, as it applies to a narrow group of people - those who are terminally ill with less than six months to live and who have a settled wish to die. But those safeguards have already failed to persuade Parliament. It's only two years since MPs overwhelmingly rejected proposals to allow assisted dying. Baroness

Jane Campbell, a disability rights campaigner, says that changing the law would have horrific ramifications.This case has not become law because it will burden disabled people across the country who will not feel safe without the protection of a law that says it is wrong to assist somebody to die. Noel Conway's health is falting and he knows he may die before his case is settled. The High Court will reserve its judgement until October and it may then go all the way to the Supreme Court. Last week, a democratic Congressman tabled articles of impeachment against US President Donald Trump. It's more of a stunt than a serious development, but it's raised questions as to whether Donald Trump will become the 3rd President to be impeached. The CEO of the US study centre, Simon jackman, has been assessing the prospects and the process involved.Impeachment is, if you will, the an analogy for criminal law, an indictment. Impeachment is a majority vote from the House of Representatives. The matter would go on to the Senate of the ut states where then it goes on to a legal character. There is actually a trial in the Senate and you need a two thirds vote of the Senate to remove a President from office at the end of that trial. It is difficult to see when the process gets started how an impeachment would get to the floor of the House of Representatives let alone a two thirds vote in there. Richard Nixon and Bill Clinton faced hostile congresses. Congress was in control of the opposite party. Donald Trump doesn't have that problem. He's got Republican control of both house and Senate and the issue is that - do those majorities hold? And for now, the answer would be yes. Donald Trump's approval rating, as low as it is in the general population, remains as 85% among Republicans. And while that number holds, he faces no real political threat at all - at least from impeachment. The first thing you've got to remember - they have primary contests coming up ahead of the mid-terms. And you have to think - it is a very brave Republican who looks at Donald Trump with an approval rating of 85% and says - let's bring on impeachment and how that will play in their primary constituency. For that reason, I think it is unlikely to happen. The next big marker here is probably the midtem elections. One -- mid-term elections. One is possibly if the Democrats took back the House of Representatives. At that point, there could be some traction for this in the house. Then there's still the issue of two thirds vote required in the Senate. So the point here is that under the circumstances here, it's never happened in American political history Nixon resigned and Clinton had 67% approval ratings and could stare the whole thing down and everybody just needs to lower the temperature on impeachment talk and understand the political realities here. I think we're in a different age to the Nixon impeachment. One of the things about the Nixon matter is the way that the New York Times, the Washington Post and the Walter Kronkite, were still the arbit o -- arbitors of talking to the American public. I can't believe that the polarised media climate in the broader electorate means that what would it take to shake Republican faith in Donald Trump? What will it take to drive that approval rating of 85% down to the 50% approval rating that Richard Nixon had among Republicans on the eve of impeachment proceedings against him. Finance news now and here's Rachel Pupazzoni. Rio Tinto is shipping less iron ore this year?It's released some information to the market that it is cutting its shipment expectations for the year 2017. It expects to ship about 10 million tonnes less than previously forecast, so that's down to 330 million tonnes for the year. It's blaming bad weather, but it's made the most of that bad weather by increasing its ongoing work to modernise the rail haulage lines in the Pilbara. Rio is the second largest iron ore and had 78 million tonnes for the June quarter, which was also below analyst expectations. And just having a look at the market, Rio stocks are around about 0.5% on the back of this news.And weak production here has taken a -- wheat production here has taken a big hit?It's down 20% by some forecasts for the year. Australia's wheat producing regions have received less than half of the average typical rainfall for the April-June quarter. The market predicts a crop between 19-21 million tonnes. If we look globally, it's equally a bleak picture - one of the worst heat waves is devastating wheat crops in Europe and the output in the United States is tumbling due to hot and dry weather. Australia has steadily lost its market share in recent years to the Ukraine and to Russian exporters and analysts fear that we could lose our place. We're currently ranked number four in terms of exporting around the world.And how are the markets doing?If we take a look at how the markets are going in lunch time trade. The Australian share market is coming under pressure with the mining sector. One of the only bright spots in the broad-based sell off.

Overseas and Asian markets mixed today off the back of strong GDP figure out of China.

The Australian dollar has returned back to the greenback.

That is the latest from the finance desk. Thank you. Now for sports news with Shannon. So Roger Federer moves into world number three with new rankings out. He's doing prety well?And this is with him starting the season on world number 17 rankings. So he has just gone up remarkably. But after winning his 8th Wimbledon title as well, he's actually climbed from 5th to 3rd in the world. This is an extraordinary man that has come back from injury and lay off last year. 35 years of age. Next month, he could potentially become world number one and he would be the onliest man to do that as well. The US Open starts on August 28 and all eyes on that and to see what he can do. This is after claiming Wimbledon only days ago, but also winning the Australian Open as well. So that's the news for him. Australia's Nick Kyrgios remains in 20th. But Bernard Tomic has slipped down ten places to 69th in the world. There's also a new world number one in the females - Czech Karolina Pliskova has taken over as world number one and the best female ranked Australian is Daria Gavrilova and he's down to 24th in the world. What a remarkable year. Roger Federer, 17th and now 3rd. Next month could be reclaiming his world number one ranking, which he gave up to Novak Djokovic back in 2012. So it's a remarkable time for him.Absolutely, OK now, a successful day for Australia at the World Para Athletics championships. They're under way in London and the site where the 2012 Olympics were so the first time that a big competition has returned there as well. There's a 37-strong Australian team at the Para Olympic World Athletics championships and tomorrow, Scott Riordan has remarkably won his Third World title in a row. This is in the T-42 classification in the 100 metres. An astonishing achievement and no other male has done that in the T-42. Two more golds including James Turner who broke the world record for the second straight day. He won it in the heats and then came out and beat the record in the 200 metres T-36. So well done there to Scott Riordan on the screen there. A huge pressure there but three world titles in a row. Absolutely phenomenal. Also a silver medal for Erin Leaver and Maddison Deronisi o, in the women's 1,500m. 25 medals will be decided overnight tonight and let's hope a few more Aussies are there. A great big win for the Proteas in the UK?This is a huge win. Talking about South Africa defeating England at Trent Bridge. It hasn't happened in 52 years, a test win for the Proteas there. It was the way that they did it. They did it within 45 overs and a day and a half to spare. They absolutely thrashed England and won by 340 runs in the end. It was a day where the Proteas took full advantage. It wasn't a good time for Joe Root, it is his first time as captain in his second game in charge that he has had a loss. He is one from one. They were thrashed in their second test at Trent Bridge. The home side was bowled out for just 133 runs. Remarkable when you think of how well England do at home. If we get the Ashes coming to Australia, we can sigh a bit of relief as England aren't doing too well. I know everyone is having lunch and we didn't want to show this but Kelly Slater has broken his foot in two places after being crushed by a wave and getting his foot stuck on his surf board. He is out of the J bay Open.Thanks Shannon. A look at the national weather now...

The top stories on ABC News - the Prime Minister has announced the creation of a super ministry to look after national security. Under the changes, ASIO, Federal Police and Border Force will report to a new home affairs ministry and Peter Dutton will be in charge. Malcolm Turnbull says the new ministry is modelled on the UK's home office and he says it creates a better structure to meet the challenge of the times. The US police officer who fatally shot Justine Damond has released a statement through his lawyer. In it he extends his condolences to her family and says he joined the police force to protect the people he serves. Ms Damond was shot after she called police to report what she believed was a sexual assault near her home. Insurance market Lloyds of London has warned a major cyber attack could cost Australia five times more than one of our most damaging natural disasters. Nigel Phair from the Centre for Internet Safety says while that modelling is far-fetched, organisations are struggling to quantify the risk of a cyber attack. He says it is important to raise awareness across all industries. And James Turner has broken the world record for the second straight day, winning the 200m T36 at the world para ath medics championships in London. Scott Reardon won his third straight world title in the 100m T42. The Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull has announced the creation of a super ministry to bring together Australia's national security responsibilities. The new home affairs ministry will be responsible for immigration, the Australian Border Force, the Australian Federal Police and the domestic spy agency ASIO. Current Immigration Minister Peter Dutton will be the new minister for for home affairs. Mr Turnbull says terrorist tactics are changing so the Government needs to change as well.I have decided to establish a home affairs portfolio of Australia's immigration, border protection and domestic security agencies. The new portfolio will be similar to the United Kingdom's home office arrangement, a federation, if you will, of border and security agencies. Let me be clear, this is not a United States-style Department of Homeland Security. The agencies will retain their current statutory independence which is such a vital aspect of our Australian system. The operational agencies will include ASIO, the Australian Federal Police, the Australian Border Force, the Australian Criminal Intelligence Commission, the Australian Transaction Reports and Analysis Centre or AUSTRAC and the office of transport security. They will be supported by a central department that will oversee policy an strategic planning and the coordination of the operational response to the threats we face. Importantly, ASIO, AFP and Australian Border Force will all report directly to the Home Affairs Minister. This will ensure that these three important agencies have direct reporting into the cabinet. The Home Affairs Minister will have two ministers working to him on security side and the immigration side. We need these reforms not because the system is broken but because our security environment is evolving quickly, it is becoming more complex. It is likely to remain so for the foreseeable future. We need a better structure to meet the challenge of the times. That is why we are adopting a model which is closer to the British home office than the large scale American Homeland Security department. I want to stress we are taking the best elements of our intelligence and national security community and making them better. As terrorists evolve their methods, we have to evolve our responses.Minneapolis police have ordered an external and independent investigation into the circumstances that led to the fatal shooting of an Australian woman on Saturday. Justine Damond called police after hearing a possible assault taking place in an alley behind her home. The 40-year-old was shot dead as she approached the patrol car in which officer Mohammed Noor was sitting. The force have released a recording of the radio transmissions between the officers and a controller in the aftermath of the shooting.024 Washburn avenue south, female screaming behind the building. 530 shots fired. EMS code Washburn and 51st Street.Shots fired at Wark burn and 53rd Street, correction 51st. Sergeant to acknowledge suspect and one down at Washburn.530, doing CPR.530 there are no suspects at large.Copy 530 no suspects at large.Ms Damond's fiance has thanked family and friends from around the world for the amazing outpouring of love and support.She was a teacher to so many in living a life of openness, love and kindness. Our lives are forever changed as a result of knowing her. She was so kind and so darn funny, she made us all laugh with her great wit and her humour. It is difficult to fathom how to go forward without her in my life.

There are warnings that a cyber attack on Australia could cost five times more than one of the country's most damaging natural disasters. Lloyds of London estimates a major cyber attack on infrastructure could cost the economy up to $53 billion, that is five times that of the 2011 Queensland floods. Cyber security expert at the Centre for Internet Safety, Nigel Phair, says organisations need to be more concerned about smaller scale attacks than those modelled in the Lloyds report.We look at the report that has come out from Lloyds, some of the modelling is a bit far-fetched but that is not to take away from the fact that this is a serious matter and organisations are struggling with quantifying the risk let alone putting a dollar value to a cyber attack that will hit them. What is far fetched about it?The scale of the attack. Most organisations need to worry about much smaller things, whether that is a ransomware attack, whether that is an investment or similar scam. An employee stealing data, that type of thing, rather than a big cloud-based attack which was modelled in their scenario.Is there a likelihood that this could eventually happen, that terrorists or whoever wanted to inflict harm or a Government that wanted to inflict harm could organise a cyber attack on such a scale that it would take out major infrastructure across the country for quite a period of time? Certainly we don't want to be asleep at the wheel for such a scenario to take place. Organisations need to be prepared in their business continuity planning to look at such a scenario and think to themselves should it happen? There is every chance it could happen to some degree, that what are they going to do to recover and how resilient an organisation are they?If you say there is every chance it could happen to some degree, why do you also say this is far-fetched?The scale of it. It might happen on an individual organisational level, not across the economy sector as was modelled by Lloyds.What is to stop it happening across an economic sector?We do have some degree of sophistication in Australia when it comes to cyber security. We have a level of preparedness. When it got to that level of scale that a number of things would jump into place that would stop the reverberation across the economy.

More now on the creation of the so-called super ministry that will combine border security, the Federal Police and the domestic spy agency ASIO. Here is Rory Medcalf from ANU's National Security College. Do you think this is a good idea?On balance, I think we need to look open-mindedly about it and look at the potential benefits. Certainly, reform of our national security architecture is something we need to keep revisiting. The devil will be in the detail in the way this is implemented over the next 12 months. One of the major elements of the change that is controversial is that the Attorney-General will lose responsibility for ASIO and the AFP. It will go to the new minister. What is your view on that?That is an important question. I think there are two factors here that need to be addressed in whatever arrangements finally emerge. One is that the AFP and ASIO need to absolutely retain their statutory independence, their operational independence. Secondly, this needs to be accompanied by a very strong oversight provision, including potentially from the Attorney-General. There is no reason why the Attorney-General can't be responsible for warrants under this new arrangement. There is no reason why the new arrangement can't be accompanied by a stronger resourcing of the Inspector-General of Intelligence and Security. It goes to how this is implemented and how we guard against this new super ministry really having extraordinary power.It is a huge department now. Will that bring its own problems?It depends how much - the extent to which it is a department rather than a ministry. If you look at the scale of the immigration and border protection department, that is already an enormous number of public servants doing lots of difficult important work. It depends on the communication, the flexibility with which all of these agencies are knitted together. I think what will be critical is the quality and the communication of the officers of the relevant ministers rather than necessarily the rank and file of the department.Do you think that communication between those officers will improve under this new model? It is going to have to be very good, regardless of how it has been in the past. I think the relationship between the Home Affairs Minister and the Home Affairs Minister and the Attorney-General, between their offices and between the leadership of their agencies and organisations, that is where we are going to see whether this new system works or not.Is the establishment of this ministry an admission that there were problems with the old model, that things were being missed?I think the way the Prime Minister put it is broadly right, that is that the system wasn't broken but that we are seeing such change in the international and the domestic security environment, the national security environment that we have to be adapting. From my own perspective, I would argue there are issues such as, for example, foreign influence and foreign interference. We have seen what happened in the US with Russian interference last year, where we need new arrangements because it is not clear which agency or department owns that issue. Same with cyber security and counter-terrorism. An ideal implementation of this new arrangement would be finally those new issues have a home. That is the upside and that is what we have to look to to make the most of now.The bottom line is whether these changes will improve security and keep the public safer. How will this reorganisation do that?I think one of the arguments that has been made is that - against the need for change is that so far the Australian security community is being successful in thwarting a large number of terrorist attacks and risks and threats to our national security. There is no guarantee of continued success and unfortunately, in counter-terrorism, we only have to fail once for it to be a major security and indeed political crisis. There is a sense that the risks and the threats are evolving quickly and therefore we need to be exceptional in the way that we review our security architecture. Thanks for joining us.

You probably heard of drug courts but did you know that Adelaide is home to a gamblers court? A legal forum specifically designed to deal with criminal offenders with a gambling addiction. Last week Damien Carrick from RN's Law Report visited thekm/h, the first of its kind in Australia, probably only the second in the world. He joys us now, how does the court work?It forms part of the Adelaide Magistrates Court. It doesn't hear serious indictable offences but it does hear cases involving offences which could lead up to one years imprisonment. To qualify for the program, you have to first plead guilty to the offences and, secondly, there needs to be a nexus between the offending and the gambling addiction. The majority of cases heard in this forum are theft and property cases which often involve employers and the other big category is welfare cheating. It is a 6-month program and the offenders regularly come back before the magistrate and report on how they are doing in gambling rehab. If they are successful at the end of the 6-month period then they avoid the prison sentence. It is a win/win. What rehab does the court provide? It is cognitive behaviour therapy. The offender goes in and sits down with initially photos of their favourite pokie and they add in the noise and the lights. Apparently at the gambling therapy centre at Flinders University in Adelaide, they have simulated pokie machines even. What is very interesting is that in the drug courts they have urine tests. They can test whether or not you are taking drugs and the treatment is effective. With gambling, there is no black and white test. What has happened is the counsellors have twOpd a new test or new measure for this program. That involves strapping heart monitors to the offenders as they walk through gambling venues and see if they are still being aroused as they walk through the centres. It is a fascinating development in terms of the counselling.Is the court a success?It is early days and the numbers are small but, according to the presiding magistrate, Brett Dixon, he says of the 25-30 people who have been through the program, nobody has relapsed. The SA office of problem gambling, it has just had an independent audit or an evaluation done of the court. It says yes, while the numbers are low and what have you, on the basis of that report it is describing it as a stunning success.Thanks Damien. Efforts to rebuild the wild population of Tasmanian devils are showing positive signs. More than 100 healthy devils have been relocated to the wild in Tasmania over the past few years. Here is Annah Fromberg who is at the Bonorong Wildlife Sanctuary outside Hobart. What is the latest monitoring showing?The latest monitoring is showing some really exciting results for the wild devil recovery program which began in 2014. It is all about trying to rebuild the wild population which has been decimated by the devil facial tumour disease. Over the past 20 years, it is estimated that between 85-95% of the population has been wiped out. To try and ensure its survival, researchers have been immunising devils and transporting them into the wild and over the past three years, 125 healthy devils have been relocated to four sites around Tasmania and the latest monitoring at Stoney Head in the north of the State has shown not only are these devils surviving the relocation, they are settling into their new homes, putting on weight and they are breeding. Researchers over the past few weeks were able to capture a second generation wild devil that had three young in its pouch. They are describing that as a major milestone. They are saying not only are the Devies breeding but there is an influx of genetic diversity into that area, giving evolution a chance.It is not all good news though?No, there have been some setbacks. At some of the other sites around Tasmania, a number of devils have been hit by cars. That has been disappointing. At Stoney Head in the north, researchers captured three devils that had small tumours. They are saying that that is definitely a set back but they will now work to analyse why those three devils were susceptible to the disease and work on modifying the vaccination to ensure it is fully protective. Researchers remain confident for the survival of the species.Thanks Anna. Fans of the hit TV show Game of Thrones were left angry and frustrated yesterday when the streaming platform of Foxtel crashed under the weight of people tuning in to watch the premiere of season 7. The show is a popular target for illegal downloads and many people who had signed up to watch yesterday are now threatening to watch future episodes illegally. Here is Steve Molk from the media web site Decider TV. How big a fail is this for Foxtel?This is a disaster. A PR disaster if nothing else to have a situation where a very hotly anticipated show such as Game of Thrones, something they hung their promotion of their new platform on, for it to fall over at the first hurdle is diabolical.Was signing up to Foxtel the only way for fans in Australia to legally watch the show? Yes, the only way to access Game of Thrones in Australia is via Foxtel and part of their new streaming platform, Foxtel, it became a selling point because it was so much cheaper than the traditional satellite or cable service.This didn't just happen in Australia, did it?HBO did experience this problem. HBO are the television organisation in the US that make Game of Thrones. They had similar problems, however, Foxtel's issues were unrelated. They may have been exactly the same problem, a huge demand and a lack of being able to supply but Foxtel's problems aren't related or linked to the issues faced by HBO.Foxtel will have lost viewers then as a result of this?There is no question that there was a lot of people that signed up for Foxtel now willing to give it a go, willing to do their bit, do it legally and to have it not work precisely at the time that they wanted it to work is going to be very difficult to woo them back. Do you think part of the attraction to signing up to watch on Foxtel specifically that viewers will be sharing the experience with so many other people and in these days of on demand shows, there is an appeal in knowing you are part of a community watching the same thing at the same time?It is probably the last great appointment television that we have other than sport. Game of Thrones comes to us, it is delivered twice a day when it premieres at 11 o'clock in the morning simulcast with the east coast of the US and then a prime time repeat at night. It is very few people that get to watch that episode during the day. When it comes to the evening of the episode of a Game of Thrones episode being available, lots of people are keen to watch it at the same time, either with just the people in their house or in their room or to share the social experience of watching Game of Thrones.Are you a big fan of the show? Have you seen last night's episode?Yes, I was very impressed with how it came together. A great story in its penultimate season. We are in for one hell of a ride.I am yet to be hooked. I feel some binge watching coming on. Thanks Steve. Time for the weather, here is Nate Byrne.On the satellite picture, we have a low pressure system making its way east to the south-east of the country. That is causing windy and wet and wet conditions for the south-eastern States. In the west, a front is approaching the south-west corner. That will start impacting from this afternoon and this evening and throughout tomorrow. As we look ahead to tomorrow, you will see the rain continuing for the south-west corner. Showers clearing from SA and some just sticking around in Victoria and New South Wales. The capitals for tomorrow...

A Queensland cat has had one of his nine lives spared thanks to a bottle of vodka. The feline was on the brink of death after eating poison but was kept alive and a little woozy by the antidote. It is odd for a black cat to be this lucky. The feline was found outside a tyre shop with just a whisker to live after swallowing antifreeze.He couldn't stand or lift his head. He was hypo termic and having convulsions. Having trouble breathing.Rushed to the RSPCA quick thinking staff found an unusual treatment.The antidote is intravenous ethanol or vodka. It just so happened that one of our nurses had a bottle of vodka laying around. We were able to administer it just in time to saver his life. The cat given the stiff drink via a drip to break down the poison as well as plenty of fluids to help with the hangover.He was off his rocker. He was having a jolly good time.The RSPCA says it is unsure if the cat, now named Tipsy, was intentionally poisoned.He could have been outside a tyre company and maybe there was antifreeze just been left around. We simply don't know. Tipsy is lucky to be alive but unfortunately, he is not microchipped. The RSPCA is now looking for his owners or he will be put up for adoption. He is expected to make a full recovery.

Here is something to put your morning run to shame, amid turquoise lakes and towering peaks in Italy, competitors from 27 nations geared up for a post card looking marathon. It is not your ordinary run, over 55km runners will tackle intense terrain, featuring a 4km vertical climb reaching an altitude of 3,000m. The sky running World Series takes competitors all around the world and claims to represent the peak of outdoor running, defined by altitude. The fastest time was 6 hours, 51 minutes set by a man from Nepal. That is ABC News for now. I am Ros Childs. Thanks for joining us. Have a great afternoon.