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(generated from captions) This program is not captioned. This program is live captioned by Ericsson Access Services. Today - the fiance of an Australian woman shot dead by police in the US demands answers... Piecing together Justine's last moments before the homicide would be a small comfort as we grieve this tragedy.

Cabinet set to debate a plan for a new domestic security super-ministry. Warnings a cyberattack could cost Australia five times more than one of the country's most damaging natural disasters. And - a golden run for Australia at the para-athletics championships in London. Hello, and welcome to Mornings. I'm Joe O'Brien. The weather:

Investigations are continuing into how Australian woman Justine Damond was shot dead by a police officer in the US city of Minneapolis. The 40-year-old called police to report an assault near her house late on Saturday night, and when police arrived, one officer fatally shot her. North America correspondent Ben Knight is in Minneapolis. This is quite literally the scene of the crime - the place where people from this community and, indeed, from across the city, have been bringing their tributes. You can see there are flowers, signs, photos, even some dolls that have been placed there in memory of Justine Damond - but also, as you can see down here, in memory of other people who they say have been the victims of police violence here in the city of Minneapolis. This case, though, is extremely unusual, and so many questions to be answered. It was in this alleyway just here that Justine Damond was shot dead some time near midnight on Saturday night. She had made a call to 911, to Emergency Services. Two police officers arrived. At some point, one of them shot her dead. Now, information is starting to come out about some of the details of that - such as that the shot was fired by an officer from within the vehicle. Police investigators have confirmed that there was no weapon found anywhere near the scene of the crime - certainly not one that was owned by anyone other than the police, so Justine Damond was unarmed. The American Civil Liberties Union have, in fact, weighed in, and says there are too many unanswered questions here, and that police need to release as much information as possible - such as why the officers did not turn on their body cameras, and why the squad car's camera - pointing forwards, which may not have captured the vision of what happened - but when police say it didn't capture the incident, why was there no audio? And why is there nothing there that can help to explain what happened? They want the 911 call to be released. The police here know that they have a problem on their hands. Police shootings are not new in Minneapolis - this one has created an enormous wave of concern across the city. I've spoken to people today from far away from this place who came here to talk about their concerns over not just the police relationship with the people here, but more specifically, the details of the police training and the police culture. The police officer who fired the shot was a Somali-American. His name is Mohamed Noor. In fact, he was the first Somali-American to join the Minneapolis Police Force. That was a significant moment, because this state has a very high Somali-American population. In fact, the mayor thought it was worth the photo opportunity. But it hasn't gone well - Mohamed Noor already has two complaints against him this year, and now a major investigation under way. The police chief put out a statement today saying that the pain and the anxiety of the community is understood, and promising that this would be a quick investigation. But that's not within the power of police to say. This will be an independent investigation. There are many, many people here who will be waiting anxiously for its results. Ben Knight reporting there a little earlier. Just in the last half-hour, in fact, some audio has been released, so police have released a recording of the radio transmission between the officers - this is in the aftermath of the shooting. It goes for around three minutes. We're going to play all of it. Let's take a all of it. Let's take a listen.024, female behind the building...5:30, shots fired... Code 3 Washburn and 51st Street, down.Copy. 53rd Street... Correction, 51st. Sergeant, do you acknowledge one down at Washburn?Copy.Copy, 502. 506 as well.Copy, 506. ... Copy. 530.Copy, 530. Administering CPR. 530, north of alleyway 51st Washburn, east side.Copy, north of the alley. East side. 520, within. 530, are you Code 4 for medical? 530, Code 4 for medical.530, Code 4 for medical.530, there are no suspects at large.Copy, 530. No suspects at large.520 - where is EMS on this?EMS is coming. Rescue is coming.502 - behind me at 53rd and Oliver.Next squad in traffic at 51st and 02 - I have 51st and Washburn right here.501...504 - alley blocked off on the very north side, off 50th, please.502 on scene.Copy, 502 on scene. (SIREN WAILS) 55-02 of arriving on the block. 52-02 arriving on the block. Information for precinct for sergeant to acknowledge the shots of -- sound of shots fired. 119, 33rd Street West, two shots heard from the east... Copy, 505.541.541.We heard a sound from the station. Those are probably aerial fireworks. Copy, 541. No shots - possibly fireworks.505...505...? Requesting...505, last communication was broken. 505, came in broken.505 - requesting response as to the squad tied up with the shooting.Copy request for response cars. Response cars for 911 working towards the scene.For now, they can come to us, and 911 calls. If we need them, they'll go to the scene. For now, 901's the response.Copy, 55.F29 call me, please.Car 9 - I'm on the way out to Washburn.502 - I see...505 Precinct - 3 and shootings right now... We are still shootings right now... We are still
checking on the first and third.raphyOK, so that was released just in the last half-hour or so. The police involved in this call-out where an Australian woman - Justine Damond - was shot dead in Minneapolis over the weekend - you can hear there the police on the scene communicating with police radio control back on base. That was after, in the immediate aftermath, of the shooting itself. The officers there saying that CPR had begun on Justine Damond, calling for medical support, saying there were no suspects around, and also that there had been fireworks of some sort in the area. So there hasn't been a lot of information released by police at this stage but, from what the locals are saying, it sounds like this has been a tragic mistake. But the police investigation, or the external investigation, into just what happened has begun. The mayor and everyone there is hoping for a lot more information from police to shed light on exactly what went so wrong here with this Australian woman Justine Damond being shot dead by police on Saturday night. We'll bring you any more developments on that story as they come through today. The Federal Government is expected to announce a shake-up of the nation's national security agencies to bring them under a new UK-style Home Office mega-portfolio. The issue has divided Cabinet and security experts have warned the merger could carry risks. Political reporter Jane Norman joins us now from Canberra. Jane, good morning. Does it sound like this is going ahead?Joe, we know Cabinet is expected to discuss the issue this morning. It does look increasingly likely that this new super-agency will be going ahead. It'll be a merger of the domestic spy agency ASIO, Federal Police, Immigration and border security. We understand at this stage, it's likely to be sort of a UK-style Home Office model, led by Immigration Minister Peter Dutton. It is a highly contentious issue - it's not a new idea. It has been sort of, um, floated for years under various governments, but those pushing for it now believe that having this kind of super-agency will better coordinate and improve our response to any possible terrorist incident, but there are those in Cabinet firmly against it - they believe the system works just fine as it is, and to use the old phrase, "If it ain't broke, don't fix it." Yesterday, we actually saw Justice Minister Michael Keenan, who is not in Cabinet but has responsibility for the AFP, make the case against it, saying, Joe, that Australians are well-served by the arrangements we have in place at the moment.So how big a shift would this be?Well, huge for ASIO, because since the agency was established, it has always been under the Attorney-General's control. That's because ASIO hasn't really been seen as a law enforcement agency - it's an intelligence agency that gathers information and then informs law enforcement activities. It has always been under the Attorney-General. The big question is - if it's shifted under the Immigration Minister, or whatever the new title is - be it Home Affairs or Homeland Security - will the notion of civil liberties be balanced with the law enforcement aspect? That legal oversight issue of ASIO is possibly the biggest shift. It could also prompt, this new agency, a ministerial reshuffle. Because, as I mentioned, the Attorney-General currently has responsibility for ASIO, as well as the AFP, so there'd be a kind of dimmunition, I suppose, of George Brandis's role. Adding into that mix, there have been rumours for a long time that he will take up a diplomatic posting at some point this year. So that could trigger a ministerial reshuffle.What's the wisdom of this politically for the Prime Minister - risking kind of splits within Cabinet on an issue where there's clear division, even within the Australian security community, about going ahead with this?Well, I think, at the moment, there haven't been many people sort of publicly advocating this model. So we need to get, obviously, more information from the Government about exactly what's behind it. We know the Prime Minister was recently in the UK, which has a Home Office. We've heard from security experts today who have discussed things like, if Australia has a Manchester-style terrorist attack, then perhaps it would be wise to have one minister in control or coordinating the entire response. But then, there is obviously the politics of this too - Peter Dutton, the Immigration Minister, is a leading conservative. His support is very valuable to the Prime Minister, and keeping Malcolm Turnbull in that leadership role. There have been suggestions it is a bit of a power grab by Peter Dutton in that, you know, this is being set up, in some way, to placate him. But to give the Government the benefit of the doubt, we will have to wait and see what their rationale is should this all go ahead as we expect.Jane Norman reporting there from Canberra. John Blaxland is an ANU security and intelligence expert who's co-written The Official History Of ASIO. He joins us now from Bangkok in Thailand. John Blaxland, welcome. Is there a need to reorganise the way Australia approaches domestic security?Thanks for having me on the show, Joe. I must admit, I don't find the arguments compelling. In fact, I haven't heard the arguments. There is rumour that this is about improved efficiency and coordination, but there is a price to be paid for improved efficiency. We need to remember, in having written about ASIO, I know that the separation of powers and keeping ASIO separate from police functions and being accountable to the Attorney-General has actually been something - it's been hotly contested, a subject of considerable reforms over a number of years, and is actually quite refined today.Ah, sorry, go ahead...I was just going to say - so when we think about, ah, making significant changes, it's important to - while we have, in many instances, looked to the UK for inspiration, we have actually, by now, developed and refined our own set of mechanisms. We're a federal constitutional nation, we're not the unitary monarchy of the United Kingdom. We have a system whereby states and federal authorities have separate functions and separate responsibilities that are complementary, and we have mechanisms in place that are very highly refined, and they've been refined following a series of trials, errors, adjustments and reforms dating back to the Hilton Hotelal bombing in February 1978, if not before. So we have, today, a system in place that is not quite the Home Office model of the UK, but has a lot of collegiality, has a lot of connected... ..collegiality - it's actually pretty refined, pretty sophisticated, and it has delivered, for the Australian people, a proactive, assertive, yet restrained approach to national security. I think that's something worth preserving.Are there positives, though, in the British experience that could be adapted for Australia? Look, the British experience is clearly positive for the British. But the point is that we haven't ever had a Home Office. They have for a long, long time. We have developed an alternative model that works for us. So, yes, you can say what the British are doing works, but that's in Britain. We are a country that actually has - on many levels - looked more to North America, particularly the United States and Canada - for role models in arranging division of responsibility between federal and state, security and police bodies. That's something that's pretty highly refined. You know, I think we've got a bit of a colonial cringe going on here - feeling that we've got to, you know, doff our leds to the UK model here when, in fact, what we have in Australia is arguably the world's best standard in terms of the ability of agencies to work collegially with a degree of contestability, with accountability and with collegiality to get the job done. We've seen that time and time again. We've seen it in Melbourne, we've seen it in Sydney, we've seen it in the response to a whole spectrum of security challenges that have been nipped in the bud, effectively by very close cooperation between these agencies. That cooperation hasn't happened by accident. It is the product of a long set of reforms, of committed people plugged in very closely interacting with liaison arrangements and formalised procedures for these agencies to cooperate effectively together. Why would we...What is the danger in reshaping the organisational approach to this, creating a new ministry overseeing border security, Federal Police and ASIO? I've heard you this morning talking about the possible corrosive effects...? Indeed. The problem is - the way it's constructed at the moment is there is a strong incentive for people

and, even respectfully critical of other ideas. If all of these various bodies and agencies are put under one body, under one person, one minister and one secretary - and this is not about individual personalities, this is not a political point I'm trying to make here - this is an organisational point about what's best for Australia. If you do that, there is a potential for that contestability, for that challenging of ideas, the development of new ideas, to be stifled. If this super-portfolio was created, would Peter Dutton be the right man for the job? Or would any person be the right person for this job, considering your concerns? Well, my concern is that this is too much power, too much responsibility, for really any one ministry. I think that this is something that is appropriately shared between ministries, between ministers, and between departments and agencies. It's working. It's working for very good reasons. I'm not wanting to make this about Peter Dutton - this is about a conceptual model that is unnecessary given what we already have that's highly refined, that's delivering the goods for the Australian people.OK. John Blaxland, thanks for talking to us this morning from Bangkok. Police have arrested a man over the death of a woman in Melbourne's north overnight. Police say they were called to a house in Lalor just before 1:00 when they found the woman's body. A man in his 40s is now in custody. Police say the pair knew each other. A man has been charged over the shooting death of a dress-maker in Melbourne's west last month. The Phong Vuong was found dead inside his Deer Park home on June 26. Detectives believe he may have been killed up to 11 days before he was discovered by neighbours. Police have charged a 35-year-old man with the murder and say a 45-year-old man is assisting with inquiries. It's three years since Malaysia Airlines Flight MH17 was shot down over eastern Ukraine, killing 298 people. It was the worst single loss of life in the conflict between Russian-backed separatists and the government in Kiev. A ceasefire in the region isn't holding, as rebels who want closer ties to Moscow battled the Ukrainian armed forces in mainly Russian-speaking areas. High summer and, at first, the land looks at peace... Although very quickly, we walk into the war... Here, you follow in the steps of those who know the safest paths. Like Eliena Makrinshock. 50 years old, she joined the army when the war began.

The sprint to cover - that is the hallmark of all the world's war zones... This was once a thriving industrial zone. Now, mangled by shell fire.

The long silences of a half-hearted ceasefire are suddenly shattered. (GUNFIRE) Thousands of shells have landed here. This unexploded rocket detonated by Ukrainian troops. There is a grim humour here - the bullet placed next to the Bible. This army is hardened now, after three years of war. Bolstered by local soldiers whose homes lie beyond the bridge where the territory of the Russian-backed forces begins. That big building to the left?

The trenches of a European war... With a front line more than 400km long... The ceasefire allows men to dig close to rebel lines. There's some protection, but it's not a place to stand tall and draw attention. We're at the furthest point forward now in the Ukrainian positions. These trenches are just between 40 and 50 yards from the Russian-backed forces on the other side, just over a wall here. That's why nobody speaks loudly in this place. You can get a sense of how precarious it is by looking at the sniper who's positioned here. He's scanning - he's watching - for any movement on the other side that could threaten the men who are digging these trenches. What does all this tell you? It tells you it's about permanence, that this war has grounded to a stalemate. That means untold suffering, particularly for the civilian population. In a country whose war has become a brutal stalemate, Jenia has learned too young, too cruelly the fragility of human life. In Italy, questions are being raised about the safety of Rome's metro, after footage emerged of a woman being dragged along a platform by a train. The woman, from Belarus, was trying to leave the train at the last minute when her bag became caught. Italian mead I assays she's broken bones from the incident. The train driver was caught on camera eating before driving away. The driver has denied being reckless. He's under investigation, although authorities have not taken disciplinary action against him. Last week, a democratic Congressman tabled articles of impeachment against US President Donald Trump. It's more of a stunt than a serious development, but how real is the prospect of Donald Trump becoming the third president to be impeached? The CEO of the US Studies Centre Simon Jackman has been hitting the books to look at the process involved.Impeachment it is, if you will, indictment - impeachment is a majority vote of the House of Representatives. The matter would then go on to the Senate of the United States, where then it takes on a much more legal character. There actually is a trial in the Senate, and you need a two-thirds vote of the Senate to remove a President from office at the endf that trial. It's even difficult to see how the process gets started - how an impeachment vote would get to the floor of the House of Representatives in the first place, let alone a two-thirds vote in the Senate. Richard Nixon and Bill Clinton, for that matter, faced hostile Congresss, if you will. Congresss in the control of the opposite party. Donald Trump doesn't have that problem. He's got Republican control of both House and Senate. The issue is - do those majorities hold? For now, the answer would be yes - Donald Trump's approval rating, as low as it is in the general population, remains at 85% among Republicans. While that number holds, he faces no real political threat at all - at least not from impeachment. The first thing you've got to remember - they have primary contests coming up ahead of the mid-terms. You've got to think it's a very brave Republican who looks at a Donald Trump with an approval rating of 85% and says, "Let's bring on impeachment!" - how that will play in their primary constituency. For that reason, I think it's unlikely to happen. The next big marker here is probably the mid-term elections. One pathway, possible pathway, might be if Democrats took back the House of Representatives. At that point, there may be some traction for this - at least in the House. Then you've still got the issue of two-thirds vote required in the Senate. I think the point here is that - understand the circumstances here. It's never happened in American political history. Nixon resigned. Clinton had 67%-70% approval ratings and could stare the whole thing down. I think everybody needs to lower the temperature on impeachment talk and understand the political realities here. I think we're in a different age to the Nixon impeachment. One of the things about the Nixon matter was the way that I think the New York Times, the Washington Post, Walter Cronkite - the networks were still the arbiters of truth and could shock middle America that these allegations against the president could possibly be credible. I can't help but think we're in a different environment now, where the polarised media climate - mirroring polarisation in the broader electorate - means, what would it take to shake Republican faith in Donald Trump? What will it take to drive that approval rating of 85% down to the 50% approval rating that Richard Nixon had among Republicans on the eve of impeachment proceedings against him? Simon Jackman there. Australian firefighters are flying out to Canada today to help local authorities tackle more than 140 fires. The operation will last for up to 42 days. Reporter Sarah Collard joins us from Perth. How many Aussies are heading out to Canada?Morning, Joe. Well, there's about 50 who are heading out tomorrow morning from Sydney.OK. And what are they going to be doing? They'll be fighting fires in British Columbia. As you know, that fire has been raging there, going into its third week, with thousands of hectares burning and many people being evacuated from their homes. Yeah. And so where are the firefighters coming from - just WA, or all over Australia?They're coming from Perth, yeah.Yeah. OK! Good stuff. Sarah Collard reporting there from Perth. Time now for a check of the weather. It's a very good morning to Nate Byrne. Nate, g'day! There's some great pictures around of the fog in Brisbane this morning. Have you got any for us?There is, Joe. I certainly do - on Twitter. Firstly, the RACX:

Eh, that's only OK...Bit of a misty morning! My personal favourite, though, is from the ABC's own Mark Willesee:


Look, Look, it caused a few delays for some domestic flights. Nothing affecting international flights at all. That fog is lifting now - the visibility is back up at the airport. By midmorning, all of the fog should have cleared. There was a little bit of chaos this morning on the roads in Brisbane, though. It coincided with strike activity for the buses as well. Fun all 'round for Brisbane!Yesterday we were talking about those damaging winds in South Australia. They were hitting more than 100km/h at Neptune Island.Correct, yes.You were suggesting yesterday maybe the most of it might be over by last night?I was waiting for that!It's really slow-moving, huh?I thought you were going to give me a spray!I would never give you a spray!Let's have a look at the weather warning now:

That low has been very slow-moving through yesterday. After I was finished on air with you, Joe, it looked like it slowed down quite significantly. This is the current warning area - it is still current for parts of South Australia. We're looking at winds, again, in the 50km/h to 65km/h range. Peak gusts around 90km/h. Neptune Island, again, has recorded the largest gust this morning - 93km/h just after 7:22. That's 50 knots, for those of you who know the old money and like to sail around. But everywhere else, we're looking at peak gusts at the moment around 60km/h. But that should develop through today. Best advice at the moment - it should be moved on by tomorrow. Fingers crossed we'll see conditions start to ease there.Can you explain for us why it's such a relatively confined area there, defined in yellow, as to where these really strong winds are hitting? Presumably the system is moving east and those winds are going to be affecting more areas to the east of where it is now?Yeah, that's correct. The system is moving east. The winds are all westerly. They're coming in over the ocean. There's a lot of fetch there, a lot of fetch - that just means there's a lot of clear space for the winds to blow before they get interrupted. Once they hit land, you end up with turbulence and all sorts of things that start to interrupt those winds. The winds are mostly happening at height as well. It's mostly elevated areas that are affected, or places where there are thunderstorms, which mix the winds down from up above. As we move further in, the thunderstorms are coming off further inland. There's not as much to interrupt those winds, to bring them down from high elevations.Right. So is there anything that's going to happen over the coming days in, say, Victoria and the Snowies with the strong winds?Look, at the moment, there is also a warning current for the New South Wales Alps. That's above 1,900m, and the wind feels stronger there, looking at gusts over 120km/h, potentially. We'll see those winds start to move into New South Wales and Queensland from tomorrow. Not sure if we'll see any warnings, though - I'll keep an eye out and, of course, I'll keep you updated.OK. And around the states and territories today - what's happening in Emerald in Central Queensland today?We will. First of all, let's take a look at the satellite picture. This is the system that's causing all those winds and rainy conditions right across the south-east today. We will see that move through to the east later on today. Another front is approaching the south-west.

The top stories today: The fiance of an Australian woman shot dead by police in the US says he's devastated. Justine Damond was shot dead in Minneapolis after two officers responded to a report of a possible assault. She was due to marry next month and her partner, Don Damond, says he and her family are desperate for information. Federal Cabinet will meet today to consider a super-ministry where they oversee ASIO and the ADF. It is likely to be styled on Britain's Home Office. Visiting the UK last week, Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull said that the Government was looking to improve the country's law enforcement and security agencies. There are warnings that a cyber attack on Australia could cost five times more than one of the country's most damaging natural disasters. Sydney university say there's been more than 100,000 levels of cyber crime and more than 23,000 reported in the last six months. And Australia has won two more medals on day two of the World Para-Athletics championships. James Turner broke a rrd for the second day straight to win the T-36 and Scott Riordan won the T-32. The distraught fiance of a man shot dead pli by police in minute -- by police in Minnesota says he's heartbroken. Media reports say that she was shot through the door of the police car by a junior officer named Mohammed Nur. There are investigations because the body cameras weren't turned on. Don Damond has criticised police for the lack of information given to the family.Our hearts are broken and we are utterly devastated by the loss of Justine. As you know, it was Justine who called 911 on Saturday evening reporting what she believed was an active sexual assault occurring nearby. Sadly, her family and I have been provided with almost no additional information. From law enforcement, regarding what happened after police arrived. We've lost the dearest of people and we're desperate for information. Piecing together Justine's last moments before the homicide would be a small comfort as we grieve this tragedy. The death of Justine is a loss to everyone who knew her. She touched so many people with her loving and generous heart. She was a teacher to so many in living a life of openness, love and kindness. Our lives are forever changed as a result of knowing her. She was so kind and so darn funny. She made us all laugh with her great wit and her humour. It is difficult to fathom how to go forward without her in my life. Don Damond speaking there in Minneapolis a couple of hours ago. Since then, police have released some audio and it's audio from after the incident and it's police on the scene calling back on the radio to their base and speaking to the radio control there. It doesn't really throw any light on just what happened there. It goes through the calls saying that they were performing CPR. They called for medical help. But they also said that there had been fireworks in the area. And Minneapolis Police chief has just issued a statement saying, "I want to acknowledge the pain and frustration that family and community members have following the fatal officer-involved shooting on Saturday night. This is clearly a tragic death. I also want to assure you that I understand why so many people have so many questions at this point." He goes on to say, "I have many of the same questions and it is why we immediately asked for an external and independent investigation into the officer-involved shooting death. I asked for the investigation to be expedited to provide transparency and to answer as many questions as quickly as we can". That is from the Minneapolis police chief there. But as you can understand, there are those grieving family members who want those questions answered as soon as possible. Malcolm Turnbull is expected to make a captain's call in Cabinet today paving the way for a new super ministry. The department, styled along the lines of the UK's Home Office will bring together ASIO and Federal Police. Despite opposition from several senior ministers, a counterterror expert with the Australian Strategic Policy Institute, Jacinta Carroll, says that departments are often reviewed. The way that we have law enforcement agencies organised has been the subject of a fairly constant review since 9/11, including some formal large scale reviews. And of course, there is - to be released, we're told possibly tomorrow is the latest review of how Australia's intelligence agencies are working together. It's not unusual for the Government to be seriously considering - have we got the best arrangement? What's interesting in this one, of course, is that the idea of having the Australian Security Search Organisation, ASIO, removed from being under the Attorney-General's direction, would be a stark change. That would be the first time in the history of the organisation that ASIO isn't under the first law officer of the Commonwealth in making decisions about very intrusive powers, while at the same time, under the direction of the person who is responsible for protecting civil liberties. And that is probably the most contentious piece about the proposal being put forward, because the delicate balance has been at the basis of decisions from the 1940s. The establishment of ASIO in 1949 and, of course, Royal Commissions held into ASIO and intelligence and security. The other decision, it appears, or the discussion about bringing law enforcement and immigration closer together is one that's come up many times. All of these agencies do work well together. So it's not that contentious, but it might have been a bumpy ride because, of course, immigration and Border Force have only recently come together. And what we're hearing about the proposal is that the standard immigration tasks wouldn't be part of this Newport folio -- new portfolio. We're not hearing a lot about the changing roles of agencies but there is a strong legal basis and a strong history for putting a security intelligence service under the direction of the Attorney-General, and absolutely, it's about oversight and checks and balances. And that's all something that has been very seriously considered, and we've heard the Attorney-General, George Brandis, talk about that. And of course, we're hearing also that there are different views in Cabinet about it. So the checks and balances and oversight don't just reside, of course, with the Attorney-General. We have an Inspector-General of Intelligence and Security. We have parliamentary joint committees and so on. But that's probably one of the things outside the intelligence agencies that we're hearing, politically, is that there's not been an identified need for a significant change in relation to the intelligence agency. And what we're hearing about the intelligence agency review report also is that it wasn't suggesting substantive change. But look, the other side of it is that there's been some discussion of a super-department. But really, what's come out today, and the devil will be in the detail when the announcement is made, is that it's really look at having a ministry portfolio, which is very much the way most of these agencies operate already. And just trying to enhance that. Humans aren't the only species that engage in risky behaviours when they consume unnatural substances. A study has found coral reef fish act almost like they're drunk and make poor life decisions when exposed to petroleum based oil. Researchers say even small amounts of the substance can change their behaviour so much, that it damages already delicate coral reef ecosystems. James Cook University researcher Dr Jodie Rummer led that report and joins us now. Explain to us how you came to these conclusions?Good morning, Joe. So we've just been finishing a big study, four of us from here in Australia, Norway and the United States. And we were investigating the effects of oil-based products, such as what would be found in oil that we're using in our cars, but also coal products, on the effects of larval coral reef fishes.So what was the set-up of the study? Were you doing it in tanks or labs? How did you set it up?We set up the study in the northern Great Barrier Reef in Lizard Island Research Station. This is an area that's press teen and we wouldn't expect any pollution from industrial activity. Quite a pristine area. And we developed a small little coral reef mesochosms. Four different reefs for the fish to choose. We looked for them to look at four different habitats and look for clean water or the oil-exposed. And the oil-exposed fish were choosing open water conditions or even just piles of coral rubble, instead of proper complex coral reef habitats. So we think that this might make them less likely to survive a predator attack. So this is less likely for them to have shelter.And we've lost the light on you for a second there. But thank you for not skipping a beat in that and sticking with us! So just so I understand it, you actually did this study on the reef itself? It wasn't in the lab? Well, we were working right there on the reef, bringing fish that we caught in light traps. So these are fish that are just hatched, maybe two weeks in the open ocean. And ready to settle on coral reefs. And then we did the investigation right there in the labatory at the research station.And so, what concentrations of oil are you looking at here?Can you repeat that, please?What kind of concentrations of oil were you putting in the water that led to the actions by the fish?That's the thing. Most of these types of studies are looking at letal concentrations. And we did see mortality as we exposed fish for longer durations. But the concentrations we were looking at would be like just a couple of drops in a swimming pool. So very low concentrations. Concentration that is are even found in some industrialised areas around the reef already, which is alarming.So this could also affect fish around O'Meara even as and places -- marinas and places like that? Absolutely, we need to think about industrial activities around the coral reefs and what they do to larvae coral reef fish. This is a time when the immune system is just starting to develop. The organs are just starting to develop and they're particularly sensitive.And so, how should we then approach things like, even tourist boats visiting reef areas and offloading tourists in these spots? And the things that they could be putting into the water there?Great question. And these are absolutely just more pieces of the puzzle that we need to be putting together and being more mineful of what goes into the water around our coral reef ecosystems and in the oceans and marina ecosystems worldwide.OK, thank you so much for talking to us from Townsville and sticking with us through the technical issue.Thank you so much. There are new warnings that a cyber attack on Australia could cost five times more than one of the country's most damaging natural disasters. Lloyds of London estimates a major cyber attack on infrastructure could cost the economy up to $53 billion. That's five times that of the 2011 Queensland floods. The birth place of reggae and artists like Bob Marley, Jamaica, has a rich musical heritage. In recent years, it's been hijacked by a violent brand of homophobia, and as tonight's Foreign Correspondent finds out, a new generation of artists is starting to change all that. # When there's no fire in your eyes hen # Atana, known as the strong one, is one of Jamaica's current success stories. She follows rastafarian studies, excement when it comes to judging people on their sexuality. Rastafarian is unconditional love, fighting for rights of the people. For the poor, the sick, the elderly, the needily. That's what rasta is about. Loving and caring and sharing. # With no fire in your eyes # And if you want to get de sire # You need to know the drive... Everyone has a right to decide his own destiny. Bob Marley even put it in a song. Right! That's a serious statement. It needs to be followed. All judgement needs to be left up. # Can't stop the way I feel for you # My love has no boundary... I think that the younger generation now has decided, OK, I'm just going to be myself. # The way that we're shining and hoping and praying... I have many gay friends and I know their personalities. I'm not saying that it is for everybody, because everybody is not as strong as they are. But they're not worried. I have confidence, I have faith. And I know that they'll be alright. # The loving that we have # Will lead us mash living for you # The ride of correction # Will give us correction # Away from the eden for children # And cast out the way... You can see tonight's Foreign Correspondent on ABC TV at 9:20. A Queensland cat has had one of the nine lives spared thanks to a bottle of vodka. The feline was on the brink of death thanks to some anti-freeze. It's odd for a black cat to be this lucky. The feline was found outside a tyre shop with just a whisker to live after swallowing anti-freeze. He couldn't stand, he couldn't lift his head. He was hypothermic and having convulsions.Rushed to the RSPCA, quick-thinking staff had an unusual treatment.The antidote is intravneous ethynol, or vodka. It just so happened that one of our nurses had a bottle of vodka laying around so we were able to save its life.The cat given the stiff drink via a drip to break down the poison, as well as plenty of fluids to help with the hangover.Oh, he was off his rocker! He was having a jolly good time! The RSPCA says it's unsure if the cat, now named Tipsy, was intentionally poisoned.It could actually be, in this case, that he was outside a tyre company and maybe there was some anti-freeze just been left around. We just simply don't know.Tipsy is very lucky to be alive, but unfortunately, he's not microchiped. The RSPCA is now looking for his owners, or he'll be put up for adoption. He's expected to make a full recovery. Off his rocker! Good on you, Tipsy. Paul Kennedy joins us with a look at today's sport. Talk us through the terrific performances at the Para spn athletics championships.James Turner is one that's won gold in the last few hours for Australia. He was in the sprints and the 200 metres. Came home very, very quickly.That's a huge margin.Sprinting through the field. The men's 200 metres. He is a champion from Rio and he's champion from Rio and he's the world's best. And there's Scott Riordan break the hearts of the locals. He was the favourite. He won it in Rio and he's won three world titles in a row now. His girlfriend, Vanessa Lowe was commentating at the time and... time and... That's not her! And declared that she was going to... That would be controversial, Paul! Could have been. But just another supporter from the Team Australia. But Vanessa Lowe is also a gold medallist from Rio and the partner of Scott Riordan. Special comments and then just said that she was going down to give him going down to give him a hug. Let's take a listen.Four major championship titles over 100 metres for Scott Riordan. Champion again. He just knows how to perform when it counts. He let's the performance do the talking. He doesn't get involved in the media or forever. But he just needs what he needs to do and I'm going to run and give that guy a rug.Leave the commentary box and go down. That's Scott Riordan's other half you're hearing down. That's Scott Riordan's other
half you're hearing there, Vanessa Lowe.Good stuff there, lots of love at the track there.Gee, they fly, and it makes you think, like Oscar Pistorius was the most famous one who ended up being in the Olympic Games, and it makes you think when the next one is going to come through because they fly.Technology is great now, and the athletes are is great now, and the athletes are
world class. So you put those two things together with different blades and of course, James Turner is in another division there. But Scott Riordan with the blades there and you can see the guy at the top there, he was flying home as well there. Take nothing away from those athletes. They're well prepared and they execute on the big stage and Riordan is one of Australia's best now. One of Australia's great chances and as chances and as his partner said, he doesn't get involved in the hoopla around the sport but just gets it done. And Isis Holt won gold yesterday as well.You've interviewed her a couple of times? She's been on the show a couple of times. She's come into News Breakfast and done some work experience. She wants to be a journalist when she gets older so she's a big fan of our program and we're even bigger fans of her. At 16, she's reclaimed the world title - or won it again. She won silver in the Rio Paralympics, so she's going very well over there. The Australian team on a bit of a high.And it was a lay day in the Tour de France but that meant that journos had a chance to chat to Chris Froome about the incident the other day.He lost his wheel and he admitted that he thought it was going to be dire straits for him when that happened. He had to chase under the other general classification contenders T remains to see how much it will take out of him. There are six stages to go after the lay day, as you call it. And don't they look relaxed when they don't have to get on the bike and climb up a mountain in the Tour de France. Here's Chris Froome.A good five or ten minutes there that I thought - this is just... Knowing the pace that AG 2 were setting going into the climb. I was standing on the side of the road with my teammate trying to change wheels. I thought that that was potentially game over. If I didn't reach that front group by the top of that climb, I don't believe that I would have made it to the finish line in yellow.Still in his gear and on the stationary bike on his day off, and I this I that's one of the reasons I'll never compete in the Tour de France. If I was given a lay day in the middle of all of that action... You wouldn't be anywhere near a bike?I would be pizza and feet up and watching some ABC i view.Not an elite athlete! So only about a week left?Six stages to go. Keeping in mind that the last stage is ceremonial. So five days of racing. One includes another big mountain stage, so they will go hell for leather at each other at that particular point. And also, the time trial on the weekend. The time trail, I think, is the penultimate stage and that may very well decide it if they can't decide it in the mountains. There's about five guys all bunched together at the top. Froome is under pressure, but still showing the dogged determination. Just wish Richie Porte would have been there.The Tour de France with without Richie has taken the eadge off of it.What's the latest in the cricket World Cup?The Australians are getting ready for the semifinal, but I can bring you some other cricket news this morning and that is that the England team, the bloke's team, which will tour Australia and play in the Ashes series, pending some sort of contractual progression there with the players getting paid, they've been whipped by South Africa last night by some 320 runs. We'll keep it in perspective because they whipped South Africa in the first test and now the Proteas have come back and they've really bowled the English team out very cheaply, twice. And last night, they won it in four days. That was at Trent Bridge. I think they're going to the Oval next.So if the Ashes don't happen, it would have been a cake walk anyway?Well, we'll see. But there's a big question mark over the English batting and we've got some good bowlers.We'll leave it there. Thank you. Time for a check of the Time for a check of the weather with Nate. A severe weather warning current for damaging winds for parts of South Australia and for the New South Wales Alps today. That's in South Australia for winds around 50km/h to 65km/h. Peak gusts around 90km/h. In the Alps, windier conditions above 1,900 metres with gusts getting all the way over 120km and sustained winds above 80km/h. Let's have a look at what's causing it. It's all thanks to a low pressure system in the south-east of the country causing showers along with the windy conditions and continuing to move east as the next cold front approaches the south-west corner. Taking a look around the states:

cheers, Nate! Stick with us on the ABC News channel. Going for a short break now. We'll be back soon. We'll chat to an internet expert about the warning from Lloyds of London that if there was a major cyber attack on Australia it could cost five times what Cyclone Debbie cost to the nation. So yeah, we'll be having a chat to Nigel Fair, the director for the internet centre at the University of Canberra in the next ten minutes or so. Stick with us on the ABC News channel.

Today - the fiance of the Australian woman shot dead by police in Minnesota says the family is being Minnesota says the family is being
kept in the dark. Piecing together Justine's last moments before the homicide would be a small comfort as we grieve this tragedy.

Cabinet to debate plans for a super-ministry, combining the AFP, border security and ASIO. Worse than a natural disaster - warnings a cyberattack on Australia could cost tens of billions of dollars. And - Australia wins two more gold medals at the World Para Athletics Championships in London. Hello, and welcome to Mornings. I'm Joe O'Brien. The weather:

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