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(generated from captions) So, you know,
they just don't use fences. You could make a fortune here just
selling fences to the Australians. CHRIS: Last time I see Rosie was
the memorial back in the UK for Mia. She's took a massive part
of my life now. Right, I'm going to
go get this barbecue started. I feel like she's, like,
a mother-type figure. Like, bit of a guardian
kind of a thing, you know? That's kind of the way I see her. Yeah. I like it. I don't think a lot of people
are aware of what's going on
and what happens. I definitely wasn't. So I think it's important that,
you know, Rosie spreads the word. It's being built. I, I don't think
we're using the yellow and blue, but it's being built... But I think we're going to use
the Tom and Mia's Legacy logo. I'm heading home to the UK tomorrow, but I'm planning to return
to Australia in order to step up the campaign.

I've been through the wringer. I need a break now. Progress has been made,
in terms of the campaign. However, I woke up this morning and there's another account on
social media about a hostel in Bowen. Young people are in serious debt,
no work, dealing with asbestos
on the premises - really quite harrowing stuff. And sexual assault thrown in there
to boot, you know, so you can't say
that we've actually made any progress until these stories stop coming in. It's all still happening, and while it's all still happening,
I'm not prepared to stop.

# I heard there was
a secret chord # That David played,
and it pleased the Lord

# But you don't really
care for music, do ya?

# Well,
it goes like this # The fourth, the fifth # The minor fall,
the major lift # The baffled king
composing hallelujah

# Hallelujah

# Hallelujah

# Hallelujah # Hallelujah. #

MAN: From the moment Sam and I
arrived in Africa, you could tell that
it was really stressful for him. Sam, you gotta get your hand stamped. I don't wanna get my hand stamped!
No, no, no! You have to do it.
No! And it was also stressful for me. Never! Here I was in Africa,
for the first time myself, with a 14-year-old boy
on the autism spectrum. He was very agitated,
very distressed. I'm not going to talk to you.
(CRIES LOUDLY) I was actually starting
to have doubt, and thinking, "This is a stupid idea. "This is crazy.
This is not going to work."

And then...while we were still
in Cape Town, Sam did something. You're gonna talk
as long as you possibly can. He had this conversation with the woman who owned the hostel
we were staying in, and for the first time in his life, he prolonged a conversation
by himself. Have you...ever been to Australia? I have. He suddenly turned around to her
and said, "So, have you ever
been to Australia?"

I felt a tingle down my spine
when it happened.

And I realised
that the only reason he did it was we were providing him
so much more opportunity to do so.

I suddenly thought, "Maybe we're on to something.
Maybe this stuff can work."

But you wouldn't believe the amount of drama, personal anguish
and soul-searching it took for us to get here.

Captions by Ericsson Access Services Copyright Australian Broadcasting

Good evening, Louisa Rebgetz with an ABC News update. The family of an Australian woman shot dead by police in the United States are calling for answers. 40-year-old Justine Damond called Minneapolis police to report an assault near her house. She was shot by one of the officers. Australia's national security agencies are set for one of the biggest shake-ups in decades. The Prime Minister is expected to announce plans for a Home Office-style portfolio to combine ASIO, the Federal Police and Border Security. And an Australian couple are calling for a ban on peanuts on all airlines after their child had a mid-air emergency. He suffered a life-threatening allergic reaction onboard a flight from Singapore. To the weather: a possible late storm in Brisbane; 21 degrees in Sydney; a top of 12 degrees in Canberra; 14 degrees in Melbourne. Enjoy your evening, goodnight.

MAN: If I said to you
there's a social institution that involves 80 million people
in the United States, and it has documented
in its own records upwards of 10,000 victims
of child sexual abuse...

..perpetrated by somewhere
in the ballpark of 5,000 individuals working for that institution, and that some of those individuals
had upwards of 200 or 300 victims, you would say to me, "That's one of
the largest social crises in America "in the last century, "and I don't care what it costs
to clean up."

Welcome to Four Corners. Australia's groundbreaking
royal commission into the sexual abuse of children found that the highest number
of cases in religious organisations had occurred in the Catholic Church. That's just part of
a global phenomenon of abuse and cover-up over decades. If you've seen the film Spotlight, you'll know that it took
a dogged investigation by the Boston Globe newspaper to expose how the Catholic Church,
in that city, had covered up systemic abuse
of children by its priests. When the Boston stories
first broke in 2002, Lynne Abraham, the district attorney
in Philadelphia, began asking whether
the same sort of crimes had occurred in her own town. Her investigations
ultimately revealed one of the worst criminal cover-ups
in American history. Tonight's film,
directed by Anne MacGregor, tells the extraordinary story
of the team of lawyers fighting against the clock
of the statute of limitations to get justice for the hundreds of
victims of abuser priests, as the powerful Catholic hierarchy
in Philadelphia close ranks against them.

NARRATOR: This is Philadelphia,
city of brotherly love. It was founded in 1682
by William Penn, a Quaker who vowed the city
would be a place of religious tolerance and freedom. What a great city. The cradle of liberty,
the Liberty Bell, the Declaration of Independence, the birthplace of our country
right here, right in Philadelphia. How could you not love the city?

Today, Philadelphia's
1.5 million Catholics represent almost 40%
of the city's population. Its archdiocese is one of
the largest after Boston's, and both shared the same
dark secret for years.

It was 2002. The press was starting to break
the stories about Boston.

They had, like, 80 problem priests,
predator priests roaming around and people started asking,
"Well, if Boston has 80, "how many do we have?"

In April 2002, Philadelphia's archbishop,
Cardinal Anthony Bevilacqua, and other American cardinals were summoned to Rome for
an emergency summit with the Pope. The group later issued a statement
apologising to victims but failing to promise action
against clergy who abused them.

The Catholic Church
was very eager to argue and, in some sense, is still arguing that the real issue
in clergy sexual abuse is a few bad apples, that every institution in society
that provides children's services has incidents of child sexual abuse. There are going to be abusers
wherever you go. The real problem
in the Catholic Church is individual abusers
had upwards of 200 or 300 or, in one case, 800 victims. That's only possible because of
the institutional failure. On his return from Rome, Cardinal
Bevilacqua faced the press.

The cardinal said we no longer
have any suspected abusers - sexual abusers of children - in ministry
in the Archdiocese of Philadelphia.

He put out a PR statement
that we don't have a problem here. In contrast to how bad things
are in Boston, over 40 or 50 years
in the archdiocese, we've only had...and I think
his number was, like, 35 priests with a, you know, sex abuse problem. GALLAGHER: When Lynne Abraham
heard what he said, she said, "Well, wait a minute,
let's check our files. "If he said there was 35 cases,
how many did this office handle?"

Lynne Abraham, Philadelphia's
District Attorney, led a team of 600 prosecutors,
investigators and support staff in an office that prosecuted
75,000 criminal cases a year. This case was different. It was the first wide-scale
investigation of clergy sexual abuse after Boston's. In the criminal justice system, there's quite a bit of
record retention. I mean, you want to find out
what somebody had done before. So, we went back through
all the files and they only found one case. The police would not arrest a priest
if they knew he had done something. They would call the Archbishop
or the Church up and say, "Come get your guy." The thinking was
that the Church knew best, the Church could police its own, and since everybody involved
was Catholic - you know, the victims were Catholic,
the predators were Catholic, the police were all...usually
all Catholic - it was like a closed society. I know it doesn't make any sense
to an outsider, but that's the way it was.

District Attorney Lynne Abraham's
next step was to reach out
to Cardinal Bevilacqua.

ABRAHAM: You just don't stick your
thumb in the eye of the Church. You just, you go to them,
which I thought was appropriate, and say, "Look,
here's what we're doing. "We would like your cooperation." Now, we didn't meet
with the Cardinal - the Cardinal didn't want to
meet with us. We met with his lawyers. GALLAGHER: I mean, there was
successive meetings and finally, she said to them, "I am the chief enforcement officer, "law enforcement officer
in this area. "I have a responsibility, if you're
aware a crime's happened here, "I need to know from you
what happened." And they said,
"Well, we're not telling you." So I said, "Look,
you can resist me all you want. "I am gonna subpoena you, "I'm gonna drag you into court
every day "and you're gonna
have to tell a judge "why you won't release files "of people whom you know have
sexually abused little children. "You have to tell me that.
And you have to tell the judge that. "And we're gonna let
the judge decide."

Stonewalled by the archdiocese, Lynne Abraham and her team set out
to find a legal premise to persuade a judge
to call a grand jury. CIPRIANO: The detectives were
tracking child pornography being delivered to the convents
and to the rectories. And they seized the stuff,
brought it to a judge, showed the judge child pornography, said, "This stuff is being received
by priests at the rectories."

The judge was so upset
by what she saw that she approved the application
for a grand jury. Now the archdiocese challenged
the court on constitutional grounds. They claimed, you know,
violation of church and state and we had a very good judge
who ruled correctly that said, "No, this isn't,
this is an investigation of a crime. "It's not an investigation
of an organisation." The court's decision was a body blow
for the archdiocese. It meant that its secret archives would be open to scrutiny
by civil authorities for the first time.

The Catholic Church is probably the most highly bureaucratised
religion in the United States -
maybe in the world - with a very advanced
and sophisticated system of record keeping
and hierarchical control. And the result of that is, is that when there has been
sexual abuse that occurs, it's often documented
and it's often dealt with under the authority of a fairly well
organised administrative system.

The God Squad, as the team came to
be known, pressed their advantage, only now they ran up against canon
law, the church's legal system. WOMAN: Many religious institutions
have theological rules that forbid publication or letting out of
the religious group any bad news or any criminal behaviour
by those inside. So, there's what's called
in the Catholic Church, the rule against scandal. It is a rule, it's a canon law. You are not allowed
to tell outsiders about the behaviour of priests
with animals, children or other men at risk of excommunication. Did we get documents from them?
Yes, we got documents from them. Did we have to fight
for everything that we got? Yes. It was know,
it was a fight.

ABRAHAM: They tried to
strike a deal with us that we wouldn't use it
for prosecution. They would send us paperwork
that said, "We will only go so far
and no further." And we said, "Oh, no. Oh, no." So, the more they tried
to make deals with us, the more suspicious we became
to think that this is big, this is really big. So, what we started out
with something that might have been
relatively small got bigger because they started
to push back very, very, very aggressively.

During the investigation,
30 subpoenas were issued. The archdiocese was ordered
to hand over 45,000 documents. We had a file room
that was maybe 20 by 15 with files and boxes stacked. We had 200 boxes of stuff
that we went through. I remember just, like, opening up
the boxes, I'm, like, reading this, and you would put one file down
and then you read the next one and it was like, "Oh, my God." It was like being in
some sort of, like, weird library devoted to sex crimes.

The sordid content of the archives
was only one reason the US Council of Bishops
advised dioceses to find ways to protect archives
from civil discovery.

In Philadelphia, the archdiocese
divided personnel files into three. Those that contained sexual abuse
allegations were kept separately.

There was a secret archive room where they kept filing cabinets
where they kept all these files, OK? And that was in an office
where the secretary of clergy was, and it was apparently down the hall
from where Cardinal Bevilacqua was.

The secret archives were secret
even within the archdiocese. Only the Archbishop and some of
his managers had access to them. It was left to prosecutors to
analyse what they contained, and soon, patterns began to emerge. We'd get the archives file, read about the various complaints
that were against them, and then you would go and see his
history of his...his appointments. All these guys, none of them
stayed more than five years.

The names of those who complained
of abuse were in the files, but Lynne Abraham and her team suspected there were
many more victims and set out to find them. We made an announcement that we were
gonna conduct a grand jury looking into clergy sex abuse in...specifically
in the Roman Catholic Church, but we would take
any kind of complaint from anybody. We didn't care if they were Orthodox
Jews or Jehovah's Witness or... We didn't care who they were. But all of the complaints were
about Roman Catholic priests who had abused these people for long
periods of time and over decades.

So, we were talking to guys, late 20s
all the way up into their 70s and they all had, you know, kind of similar personal profiles,
so to speak, in the time after they were abused. So, you'd have a lot of divorces. You know, they couldn't
maintain a relationship. Alcoholism,
failure to maintain a job, um...drug abuse. All these victims
walk around with guilt because they think it was something
they did to cause this. "You were a child,"
I keep telling them. "You're an adult now,
but you were a child then. "He was an adult,
he knew what he was doing "and he knew it was wrong
and he went ahead and did it anyway. "And in that situation,
you have every right "and with your own courage
to tell us what happened." You know, the grown man would be
bawling his eyes out and, you know,
sort of talking about how his life had been ruined
and stuff so, you know, my response
was I would cry a lot of times too, you know, and then I'd go home
and drink a lot of whisky.

There are seldom witnesses to
the sexual abuse of children but prosecutors needed evidence to corroborate
alleged victims' testimony.

We would go out
to a particular parish and ask questions about a priest
that had allegations against him.

We would interview the priest
that had lived with him and had served with him
during the time that he was alleged to have,
you know, abused a child, and they would say... You know, some of them would say, "Yeah, we always thought that there
was something funny about Father X." Some of them
did report their concerns. Like, if you look through
the archives, there are actual cases
where priests said, "You know, this guy's acting
in a weird way with kids." But some of them didn't,
and when we asked, "Why didn't you?" they just said, you know,
"You just didn't do that."

MAN: I think the priesthood is
like any other closed society, that we create a culture
amongst ourselves, sometimes a language
amongst ourselves, jokes amongst ourselves, ritual amongst ourselves and certainly not just
in the priesthood in general, but the priesthood in Philadelphia because we all, for the most part,
have attended the same seminary. So, you come to grow up
with each other and so those relationships
last a long time. But a culture of,
uh...of brotherhood and, in some sense,
brotherhood at all costs.

During the investigation,
prosecutors hit a wall of silence. They needed help from an insider and someone told them
about Monsignor James E. Molloy, who worked at the heart
of the archdiocese between 1988 and 1994.

SPADE: He was known as
the Vicar for Administration for Cardinal Bevilacqua. And so his job, essentially, was to handle these allegations of
child sex abuse as they came in.

Prosecutors travelled
to Sellersville, a small town 45 miles north-west
of Philadelphia where Monsignor Molloy
was now the pastor of St Agnes.

Knocked on the door,
he says, "Yeah, come in." I said, "Well, Father," I said,
"you know, "we want to talk about,
you know, your job." He says, "Yeah, I understand." I said, "Well, you don't want
an archdiocesan lawyer?" He says, "No,
I don't want a lawyer here." He says, "I want to tell you
what happened." He was the only one in the sort of
inner circle of the administration that actually sat down
and, you know, talked to us, talked to us without a lawyer,
you know, cooperated with us. Everybody else in the hierarchy
of the Church refused to talk to us. He was a good man. I mean,
he sat there and he told us... He says, "I knew these people
were predators. "I knew how bad they were. "And they kept telling me
to do this and do that, "and I decided
I wasn't gonna do it anymore."

Monsignor Molloy was able to give
the DA's team details about the archdiocese's procedures
for handling allegations of abuse.

He was extremely precise,
he was very organised. He was very detailed. Like, he was one of the ones... There were, like,
maybe 5-10 priests over the time period
that we looked at who would take notes
whenever a family came in to make an allegation
of sexual abuse, 'cause they would
interview the parents, and they would interview the kid
and so on and so forth, and I remember his note taking
as being... You know, it stood out
from the other priests as being, you know, detailed.

The information Monsignor Molloy
provided helped prosecutors, but they were up against
Cardinal Bevilacqua, a qualified civil and canon lawyer and a reluctant witness when he appeared
before the grand jury. The first two days, he said,
"I don't recall" 90 times. OK? 90 times. 90 times he doesn't recall. He's a man that's running
an institution, a corporation, a community of faith, and these horrendous crimes
are happening, and he doesn't recall? I can't believe that any bishop
or any cardinal archbishop would not know what's going on. Um, it's just...
it just doesn't work that way.

After two years of investigations, trawling through thousands
of documents and interviewing dozens of alleged
abusers and their victims, the grand jury's report
was released. It criticised
the archdiocese's procedures, its failure to report cases
to civil authorities, and it challenged
the Archbishop's claim that there were no more
than 35 priests credibly guilty of child sexual abuse
in the past 50 years. We received files
on 169 with allegations and I think, you know,
we knew there was a lot more there. We knew there were still people
in the priesthood who had been accused and maybe - in our
my mind - maybe credibly accused and so it was... For a long time, it was hard to just sort of sit on that...
that information.

ABRAHAM: The grand jury
only lasts for 18 months with the right of the court
to grant you another six months. And we hadn't finished our work
after two years, so we had to empanel
a second grand jury to begin where
the other grand jury left off. That second grand jury had to be
told everything that happened, line by line, word by word
in the first grand jury. WOMAN: They read the documents
that they have. They just read everything. Then they started to bring in
victims and witnesses, priests. They even brought in experts to give that
we would have knowledge. They wanted us to know
what a paedophile was. They wanted...
They didn't just want us to randomly figure out
what was going on. They gave us
a wealth of information so we knew what we were looking at.

John Salveson is the president of the Foundation to
Abolish Child Sexual Abuse. He became an advocate for victims after he was abused
by a Catholic priest, abuse that began while he was a
student and went on for seven years. MAN: I don't think I could have been
abused by, you know...

..almost anybody but a priest. That was...I never,
ever occurred to me, from the first day of the abuse, to tell someone
or to do something about it, 'cause he was a priest.

Prosecutors asked John Salveson
for his help to support other victims
who testified, and they asked him
to tell his own story. We were educating the...the people
in the Prosecutor's Office. We were also educating
the grand jurors. And I was early in that process -
that was a long grand jury - and there were people,
as I was talking, who were visibly upset
in that grand jury pool. They couldn't believe the things
I was telling them. When you're listening to
these grown people talk about this and you're seeing
these grown men cry, I mean, there was a lot of days that
we just watched the panel and we have tears just coming down because we have...we're sympathising
with these...these victims. I've been, you know,
in and out of therapy over 35 years and dealing with the trauma
of this issue, etc. I mean, what I want, I can't get. I wanna be the person I was the day
before I was abused by a priest. And that...that's just never
gonna happen. I can't imagine that
an adult would do that to a child and let alone a priest, somebody that this child is...
have in such high esteem, because the victims
that we talked to that, in addition to being molested, they couldn't get over the fact
it was the priest. And some of the cases stand out
to me, I will never forget.

One of those cases
was that of a girl called Ruth. Father Nicolas Cudemo sexually
assaulted Ruth for the first time when she was 10 years old. The next year, he began raping her. Afterward he would hear
her confession.

Then Ruth became pregnant. Catholic doctrine forbids abortion but that didn't stop Father Cudemo from organising the termination
of the pregnancy, nor escalating Ruth's abuse. I mean, she goes into this room and there are several priests
in this room and she realises immediately
what's going on.

She tries to run. She turns around
and tries to run out the room. They dragged her back by her feet.

Imagine, a 13-, 14-year-old girl
being dragged back by priests and raped by every one of them. And the Catholic Church,
you don't say... When you find out that victim,
you don't go and offer her help? You got to. How can these people
wear the collar?

Despite a number of allegations
against Father Cudemo, Cardinal Bevilacqua promoted him
as pastor to Philadelphia parishes not once but twice.

Jurors heard that Father Cudemo
was only removed after a number of victims threatened
to name the archbishop in a lawsuit. Afterward, the Archdiocese
issued a certificate stating that Father Cudemo was
a retired priest in good standing and able to serve in any parish
in the country. There were a lot of Catholics
within our group who had no idea that this was even going on, so for them to hear it
and then they wanted an explanation. They wanted a reason. "Tell us why.
Tell us why this happened. "Give us a reason.
Give us something." Though Cardinal Bevilacqua appeared
before the grand jury 10 times, he failed to give jurors
the answers they were after. GALLAGHER: For him to expect that
those people are gonna believe that he didn't remember this stuff? You don't remember... I mean, you know, the most
egregious thing that happened under your supervision,
these children being destroyed...

You don't remember that?

Cardinal Bevilacqua testified
for the last time on the 6th of February, 2004. He continued to deny knowing details
of allegations, saying that he relied on his managers
to deal with them. The investigators now returned
to questioning his right-hand man, Monsignor William J Lynn,
secretary for clergy. He supervised and transferred priests
around the Archdiocese, and he sent priests accused
of misconduct for treatment. SPADE: Meaning a wholly-owned
psychological treatment centre that was wholly owned
by the Archdiocese, so, in our opinion, there was
no chance that they were gonna get an independent, you know,
sort of reputable opinion about the danger
of that particular priest.

Monsignor Lynn confirmed that
he had no qualifications or training in psychology or psychiatry. Yet he repeatedly re-assigned abuser
clergy against the advice of experts who warned that
they were likely to abuse again. Because we know that paedophiles
don't stop with one child. They move on to the next child. And if the FBI is correct, many of
them have typically over 100 victims over the course of a lifetime. And even more horrifically, they don't stop abusing
in their 40s or their 50s. They abuse in their 60s,
70s and 80s. SORENSEN: By the time Cardinal
Bevilacqua and Monsignor Lynn were dealing with these issues, they knew the science said
these people would do it again. They weren't going to be
rehabilitated. They weren't just going
to go confess and feel bad and stop doing it.

Despite the Cardinal's claim that he
didn't know details of allegations, Monsignor Lynn testified
that the Cardinal was aware. 10 years earlier,
he sent him a list of priests he believed to be credibly guilty
of abuse. GALLAGHER: And there was discussions
about this list, and that's why we kept asking 'em
about it and Lynn knew that it existed, OK, and they just continued to hide it. Prosecutors had found proof
that the list existed, but not the list itself. For some reason, he'd written in
a document in another priest's file about this list of 35 priests,
and so it was very specific.

In a memo, Monsignor Lynn wrote, "Father Beisel and I
reviewed the 323 files "that are presently stored
in the secret archives. "Attached is a list of priests
who've been guilty of "or accused of sexual misconduct
with a minor."

He'd gone through and he'd made it
at a certain point of time and he spent a lot of time
on that list, so he knew what list we were
asking for and, you know, so he just had to say,
"I'll go look for it." Monsignor Lynn testified that
he couldn't recall making the list, who was on it or what happened to it. By April 2004, when the grand jury
hearings ended, the list which started the
investigation was still missing and Lynne Abraham and her team
suspected it wasn't the only document they hadn't received. It was tough, it was brutal,
it was very long searching and... get what we wanted. And you know what? In the end... This is really what
takes the cake for me. In the end, after the lawyers
and the church people swore that they had given us everything
they had in their secret archives, we found out it was a total lie. A total lie.

Over the next year, prosecutors pored over the evidence
they had gathered and considered the legal options
to bring the guilty to justice.

We got evidence of something
that was horrific. A horrific cover-up of, you know,
systemic crime over decades. You know, you wonder why it has been
going on for so long and it took a while. It's because nobody wants to face
such a horrendous crime. Nobody wants to believe that
that happened. Nobody want to believe that the guys
that are running your church or running your Boy Scout troop
would do something like this, but these men are out there.

OK, and it's my job as a prosecutor and as someone that does work
to hopefully protect the community - it's our job,
if the truth is there, to expose it.

The grand jury's findings
were devastating. Many felt that the image of the city
of brotherly love had been tarnished by its most influential institution, the Catholic Archdiocese.

What we're talking about
is child rape. Children as young as 10 or 11 years
of age - both boys and girls - were forcefully, illegally
penetrated by grown clergymen. Our children were used
as masturbation tools or for disgusting acts
of sexual sadomasochism. I was shocked. It was huge. I was shocked because
it was so sickening and, you know, I was shocked by
how many perpetrators there were. I was shocked by how long
it had gone on and by how many people knew about it
and didn't do anything. I am deeply saddened to say, wounded to acknowledge,
that the evidence is clear that this reaches the top,
the very top of our Archdiocese. It is almost unthinkable
that anyone learning of such abuse would let it continue. But that's just what the leaders
of the Philadelphia Archdiocese did. They were confronted time and again
with parishioners' complaints, and sometimes even admissions
by clergy themselves that they had indeed forcibly
sexually assaulted children. But they chose not to stop it because they didn't want
the scandal. They didn't want to, quote, "hurt
the Church's good name" - end quote. CIPRIANO: Archbishops,
over 40 years, had orchestrated
a successful cover-up that kept 63 abuser priests
out of jail who had raped and molested
hundreds of innocent children.

The 2005 grand jury report was widely
regarded as a comprehensive account of clergy sexual abuse and cover-up. It set a benchmark for
investigations of its kind. Archdiocese went nuts. They accused me
of being, you know, anti-Catholic. Well, that's gonna help.
"Oh, she's anti-Catholic." SPADE: Huge number of the detectives
and prosecutors that were investigating this case
were Catholics and, you know, not just Catholics in, you know,
sort of philosophically, they were Catholics
that went to mass, you know, like, at least once a week
if not more.

The report was denounced
by Cardinal Rigali who succeeded Cardinal Bevilacqua
as archbishop. So, there on the front page
of the local paper is a great big black headline - "Cardinal Says
Don't Read The Report." Well, of course, when the cardinal
said, "Don't read the report," everybody read the report. ARRINGTON: We expected them
to be humble enough to say, "We made a mistake.
We messed up here." But they didn't do that. They kinda still wanted to
protect them, their self, you know, rather than...the kids still were
not a problem for them, like... "So what, these kids are hurting." You know,
"We have to protect ourselves." SALVESON: I always thought the Church thought
this was a moral issue. I always thought that they...

That's why everything they did
made no sense to me. I mean, why would they do all these
things? This is a moral issue. And when I realised that they
didn't treat it as a moral issue, they treated it as
a risk management issue, then everything they do
makes perfect sense. Makes perfect sense. But through the lens of morality,
it makes no sense. The Archdiocese released
a 70-page response on the same day. It described the grand jury report
as lurid, reckless rhetoric, unfair and inaccurate. District Attorney Lynne Abraham
hit back. Rather than deal with the substance
of this report, the church leaders
attack the grand jury process. If they think that
we have falsified one thing, release the documents to the public. Let the press
and the public review them in their entirety, not through the filter of us
or anybody else.

Lynne Abraham had taken
the unprecedented decision to publish the names
of 63 of the 171 clergy who were identified
as credibly guilty, along with details of some of
the acts of depravity they committed. GALLAGHER: I was the gatekeeper, OK. I was the one that decided which
priests' names went into that report and the only priests that are
in that report are priests who we could have gone into trial
and prosecuted and presented overwhelming
evidence of their guilt. It was important for victims
and for society to get out the names
of predator priests who had sexually abused
young boys and young girls. I think the courts
were very sensitive to the fact that
this had to come out. There isn't one priest
named in the 2005 report that has come forward
and said or proven that what we put in that report
isn't correct. Not one.

This revelation of Catholic
clergy abuse within the Church must have devastated
all those priests who never engaged in sexual abuse
of little children. It had to be a it is
on any person of any faith when you find that some of your own,
whom you believed in and trusted, did something terrible. TURLISH: We're supposed to be
a light on the mountain top. That's what the gospel says.

And we - the Catholic Church, the
hierarchy of the Catholic Church - didn't do what the gospel mandated
them to do, protect the children.

Two grand juries
had exposed the failings of the Philadelphia Archdiocese, but it also revealed that law
enforcement and other agencies did not fulfil their duty of care
to society's most vulnerable. And despite evidence Lynne Abraham
had uncovered, the justice system
would fail children too. Regrettably, the perpetrators
of these crimes and the people who protected them will never face the criminal
penalties that they deserve. That is not because the grand jurors
didn't want to file charges and have us arrest
and prosecute them. It is because we couldn't do so primarily because of the statute
of limitations in Pennsylvania.

The statute of limitations
had expired on every case
the grand jury investigated. Victims were denied justice while abuser clergy, and the
institution that protected them, were off the hook. People were blown away by it and there was, you know,
a lot of righteous indignation that someone should go down
for this. Did I want to prosecute
the Cardinal? You bet. Did I want to prosecute Lynn and everybody else
in the Church hierarchy? I certainly did. But if you don't have the law
on your side, as I saw it, and if you don't have victims
who fall within the relevant statute of limitations,
you couldn't do it. There's no question about this -
this is a crime. Regardless of how the statutes
are written in Pennsylvania or any other state, this is a crime
to cover up sexual abuse of children and then take those predators
and move them to another location and have them do it
over and over again.

The design of Pennsylvania's
State House was inspired by St Peter's
Basilica in Rome. Its dome soars above the city
of Harrisburg - the heart of the state's politics. And it was where District Attorney
Lynne Abraham turned after the release
of the grand jury report.

Roman Catholics who are in the
legislature didn't want to believe, as I didn't want to believe,
that this was so widespread, so deep and so ingrained
in our priesthood as our sex abuse investigation
discovered. HAMILTON: It seems to me
a no-brainer that you're going to increase safety
for children and make it harder for
the paedophiles to succeed, but there are groups
that are adamantly opposed to either lengthening the statute
of limitations or eliminating them. And the most active group that
has sunk the most money into it would be the Roman Catholic bishops
in each state. Historically, the Church had the
most powerful lobby in Harrisburg and so, you know, there's
a lot of Catholic legislators, so, basically,
they just bent them to their will. There were some legislators
prepared to fight for reforms which would get victims justice
and shift the cost of abuse to those who made it happen. Representative Mark Rozzi
was one of them. He had firsthand knowledge
of clergy abuse. He was raped by a Catholic priest
when he was 12 and didn't tell anyone for 26 years. I've forgiven my perpetrator,
but I can never forgive the diocese because they knew about it. They were moving this guy around
all over the place. You know, and then bringing him
to my school so he could rape me and abuse a ton of other boys. Bullshit. You know, that's not acceptable. You need to be held accountable. And, you know, they say, "Well, why do you have to go through
the civil courts for this?" Well, because we can't do anything
criminally because, you know,
the United States Supreme Court said retroactive criminal suits are
illegal but civil suits are fine. So, the only way that we can go
after them is through the civil courts and sometimes, that's the only
thing they understand is when they have to pay. It's estimated that
the Roman Catholic Church in America has so far paid out nearly $4 billion
in compensation to victims of clergy sexual abuse. LYTTON: This has been an expensive
way to reform the Catholic Church. But if I said to you, there's a social institution that involves 80 million people
in the United States and it has documented
in its own records upwards of 10,000 victims
of child sexual abuse perpetrated by somewhere in
the ballpark of 5,000 individuals working for that institution, and that some of those individuals had upwards of 200-300 victims, you would say to me, "That's one of
the largest social crises in America "in the last century, and I don't
care what it cost to clean up."

A year after Lynne Abraham
headed to Harrisburg, legislators voted to extend
the criminal statute of limitations from 30 to 50 years and extended the law's reach
to hold accountable those who covered up abuse.

Lynne Abraham left office
in January 2010. If the grand jury investigations
she spearheaded weren't able to bring
any prosecutions at the time, they would now.

The DA's office was still holding
those documents from the first grand jury, and we went back and referred
to those...the documents from the first grand jury, to the extent that they showed
that Monsignor Lynn had a pattern of not dealing
with the predator priests. ABRAHAM: And so the present
District Attorney decided to prosecute
Monsignor Lynn because, as the secretary
for the clergy, and as the right-hand man
of the then Cardinal Bevilacqua he was the one who was in charge
of investigating child abuse allegations. He was just, like,
the lowest level guy. If you were going to string up
people in the Archdiocese, you know, it'd be months
before you got to Monsignor Lynn because there were so many bishops,
you know, and pervert priests that needed to be hung. Cardinal Bevilacqua, now aged 88,
was ordered to testify at Monsignor Lynn's trial, but died the night before
he was due to appear in court.

So, he went from the biggest problem
that the Archdiocese had, the moment he died, he then became
the solution to all their problems because the defence
in the Lynn case, everybody stood up and said,
"Bevilacqua did it." 12 days after the Cardinal's death, the Archdiocese released Monsignor
Lynn's list of abuser priests.

His list, the court was told,
was discovered in a locked safe
in Archdiocese headquarters.

To me, it was a total smoking gun. Monsignor Lynn said
he took it to a meeting and Cardinal Bevilacqua whisked it
away and he never saw it again. Well, I don't believe
that's the case. Other documents belonging
to Monsignor Lynn were also found in the safe - more evidence that could have helped
prosecutors get to the truth 10 years sooner. So, even though we had
subpoenas for all the evidence and even though the Archdiocese
and their lawyers swore that they had given us everything,
it was an absolute falsehood. They hadn't given us everything. They hid -
wilfully, deliberately, hid - thousands of pages of documents
from us so we couldn't even find out even
more dirty secrets of the Church. The Archdiocese's lawyers claimed the
list was proof that Monsignor Lynn tried to do something
about abuser clergy. But it was too late to ask the one
person who would know the truth. Monsignor Malloy died
six years before. But in 1994, he wrote a note
on a memo from Cardinal Bevilacqua. It read, "I shredded, in the presence of
Reverend Joseph R Cistone, "four copies of the lists
from the secret archives. "This action was taken on the basis
of a directive I received "from Cardinal Bevilacqua."

He told me many, many times
that documents had not been shredded and, you know, that everything
that he was giving us was everything that there was and so when those...that letter
that came out, I thought, "Wow,
I wonder if Monsignor... "I guess Monsignor Malloy
wasn't completely straight with me."

They swore they would be loyal
to the Church and their bishop and they...did that. They did that, you know,
no matter what. On the 22nd of June, 2013, Monsignor Lynn was sentenced
to serve 3-6 years in prison. He became the first senior church
official to be convicted in connection with the clergy
sexual abuse scandal. And the one guy who goes to jail
never touched a kid and, you know, just was not
responsible in any meaningful way for how the Church conducted itself. I mean, was he a part of it? Sure.

WALSH: Moving priests and not making
just settlements with families and not being honest with parish
communities, didn't help the Church. Now we're dealing with the backlash of the number of people
who have left the Church, or young people who just see us
lacking integrity and may never come back to church. GALLAGHER: There's no other way
to sugar-coat it. They concealed it. They hid it. Because it was gonna cause
what has happened in the Church. The Church is falling apart. My church, that I raised
my children in, is slowly dying a slow death
in the United States and throughout the world. This has never been
about the Church for us. This has been about paedophiles
and people who cover them up and it just so happens
to be the Church was... know,
wrote the book on the cover-up. I thought that bringing these
horrible allegations to light, exposing them to the fresh air, letting everybody know
that this great Church is built on a foundation
that's crumbling underneath it, maybe they'll take some time
to change things. Maybe they'll recognise that
these victims are truly victims. They're not making it up.
They're not going after the Church. It's the Church
that has victimised them.

Monsignor Lynn served three years
of his sentence before his conviction was overturned due to errors made
by the prosecutors. In March this year, the courts
in Philadelphia cleared the way for the 66-year-old
priest to face retrial.

Next week, we investigate
who's benefitting from the billions of dollars
in taxpayers' money being poured into rescuing
the Murray-Darling river system. See you then.

Captions by Ericsson Access Services Copyright Australian Broadcasting

If the material covered in this story has raised
any issues of concern for you, you can contact
one of these services.

This program is live captioned by Ericsson Access Services.

At the bottom of the world tonight,
a colossal iceberg, one of the largest ever measured,
has broken away. The one-trillion tonne
chunk of ice, roughly the size of Bali, has split from the
Larsen C Ice Shelf in Antarctica. Hello, I'm Paul Barry,
welcome to Media Watch. And that sounds like
really shocking news. But scientists can't agree whether
this huge breakaway iceberg is or is not related to
man-made global warming. And on a rather more trivial level it seems the media
can't even agree how big it is: How big is big? A68, as it's likely to be called
by the scientist who identified it, is a trillion tonnes
and 5800 square kilometres. Now the iceberg is around
1 million tonnes and 6800 kilometres,
square kilometres, in surface area. And an iceberg measuring more
than 3000 square kilometres is about to break off from one of the largest floating
ice shelves in Antarctica. So, let's try comparing
the size of the iceberg with something more familiar. Here's Associate Professor
David Suggett on ABC News 24 having a try: If you can imagine
this mass chunk of ice, it's pretty much the size of Wales. Well, no, it's not. Try one quarter of the size. Any more ideas?

Ah, a bit smaller than that! Try again.

That's more like it. Anyone else? Bigger than the size of Bali! And it's around
half the size of Sydney. Twice the size of the ACT, so, just to give you some
perspective of how large it is. Well, hooray. And just for the record,
it's 5800sq km and it weighs 1 trillion tonnes,
which is, um... very heavy. But now let's go to
some scary shopping news,