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This program is live captioned by Ericsson Access Services. The gas industry hits back at the Government's plan to restrict gas exports. The Prime Minister insists he had no other choice.Today we have taken decisive action to protect Australian jobs.

Turkey targets hundreds of alleged Australian extremists in the battle against the Islamic State group. A father and son found alive after le nights lost in the Tasmanian wilderness. And a truck driver to spend at least three years in jail for a crash that left two people seriously injured.

Good afternoon. You are watching ABC News. I am Nicole Chettle. The Prime Minister has vowed that gas prices will come down after the Government's dramatic intervention in the market. The Coalition says it will cap gas exports if Australian households and businesses continue to face shortages and sky-high prices. Let's go now to political reporter Stephen Dziedzic in Canberra. The Prime Minister is staring down Australia's gas giants. It is ridiculous for us to be on the edge of becoming the largest LNG exporter in the world and not to have enough gas for our businesses, for our households.The nation's producing more gas than ever, but there are still supply shortages and prices remain buoyant. That is partly because local suppliers are locked into export contracts and are selling it overseas, often at lower prices.Now, that is utterly unacceptable. Australian demand, Australian businesses, Australian jobs, Australian families have to come first.Now, the Coalition will block exports unless the industry supplies enough gas to meet Australia's needs and the Prime Minister's promising that will drive down wholesale prices.It will be cheaper than the prices that are being offered now. People are being offered prices of $20 a jig gig jewel. It should be around half that or less.It didn't mean that the bills would be halved but the opposition pounced.The gas companies won't verify Mr Turnbull's extravagant promises of halving gas prices, well then Turnbull has to answer to the Australian people. They weren't convinced this solution would work.We don't make sure that we have enough scotch fillet in the supermarket by telling farmers they can't sell their beef or cattle to overseas market, right?In the long-term they said that state governments need to stop blocking gas exploration and boost supply.In Victoria, where there is a huge amount of gas, you have a Labor Government which will not allow even conventional gas exploration and development.The energy joint Santos responded cautiously, promising from now on it will supply more gas to the Australian market than it exports, but the industry is still deeply unhappy with today's decision, calling it "alarming" and "unprecedented".We are facing the prospect we will have to find up to $480 billion to supply gas into the market between now and 2030. So anything that creates political risk and uncertainty is not welcomed by investorschAnd experts warn that a legal battle could be brewing.Once you unleash this tiger, you never know where it might end up. They may very well find they want to take legal action and I guess that is what we just don't know yet.The Coalition believes this is the post powerful weapon it has to bend the gas industry to its will and to bring prices down. But, the gas market is complex and unpredictable. Analysts say that the Prime Minister should be very cautious before making any promises on gas prices.

The ABC has obtained exclusive information that Turkey has hundreds of suspected Australian Jihadists on its no-entry watch-list. A senior Turkish official has told the ABC more than 420 Australians are on the list used to block foreigners from travelling via Turkey to Syria and Iraq. The official also revealed details of Australia's efforts to bring the notorious Australian Jihadist NeilpastPrakash to justice. Middle East correspondent Matt Brown reports from the Turkish capital, Ankara. NeilpastPrakash was one of the Islamic State Group's best-known recruiters. He's been detained in Turkey since crossing the border from Syria in October last year and he's been prosecuted for membership of a terrorist organisation, but a senior Turkish official says that Turkey also has started proceedings to extra diet Prakash and would prefer he be tried if Australia. A potential breakthrough for the Federal Government.Well, the Turkish Government is very aware of our interest in this case. If we were to prosecute anybody for those crimes - and I won't comment on the individual, if you like - but if we were to prosecute anyone for those terrorism crimes, the penalties in Australia are as severe as they can be - life imprisonment.The Turkish official told the ABC Prakash was picked up as part of a broader intelligence effort, an effort that is proving crucial, as the so-called caliphate classes under attack by the US-led coalition in Iraq and Syria. They say that Turkey's terrorism watch-list now includes the names of around 420 suspected Australian Jihadists. 21 have been deported since 2015.I can't comment on the specific intelligence they have or the way they work their intelligence, but if we had information in Australia about somebody we thought threatened Turkish national security, then obviously we would talk to the Turks about that.The ABC has also confirmed that two other suspected Jihadists detained last year are still being held in Turkey. One of them has refused contact with Australian officials.

We are going live to Sydney now where the Treasurer Scott Morrison is having a media conference after his prebudget speech a short time ago.Then obviously, they are assets which return and pay for themselves over time. But, if you are borrowing money to spend on everyday expenditure, then in your own household experience, you foe that doesn't end well.What about education?Go on.Is that a good debt? If debt is run up for which will increase the capacity of the -- Everyday expenditure is everyday expenditure. Food is everyday expenditure. If you are borrowing money to buy food every week, that is not sustainable either.Some investment --It is important. It is very important to eat every day. I probably do a bit too much of it. It is very important. What we are talking about here, Peter, it is not saying that particular areas of expenditure are not important. Of course they are very important. Medicare expenditure is important. Education expenditure is important. That is why you need to ensure that your current expenditure can be met by your current earnings as a government and that you ensure the dollars that you Britain in, each year from the taxpayer, can cover the ex pens that you are meeting every da I and, importantly, on education and health and things like that. For junior capital investments and things of that nature, just like in your own private, personal experience or in business's experience. Then you can leverage your balance sheet to make investments in those areas. In the past people have said all can debts back. There are Somdet that you can acquire that can actually pay for itself over time when you vest it in things that Boss productivity, that grow the economy in particular and have an income stream that come back on them. Education and health expenditure is incredibly important and that is what with our taxes should pay for.What if some of those capital investments are a flap? Don't you risk the private sector --No, I think I covered that inside.Passionately about the importance of having to move over. (INAUDIBLE)

Announcements will be in the Budget when it comes to all of these issues, be I just restate what I said inside. I mean, the debate that has been held around housing has often forgotten and neglected the people you are referring to. People who rent on low incomes. They are always very close to my mine when I think about these issues and have been over a very long period of time. I am no stranger to those issues. They are incredible organisations. Anglicare is one. Shelter, Common Ground. These organisations do phenominal work, particularly in the area of homelessness. When I was in the UK earlier this year, one of the key differences between their affordable housing sector and ours is the housing associations are very large organisations with big balance sheets that can play a significant role in meeting the demands for low-cost accommodation. We don't have that same institutional capacity here. We don't have the same flow of institutional capital going into those types of investments, or foreign investments for that matter. US and Canadian pension funds are investing. Australian superannuation funds are investing in UK affordable housing. So these issues are very close to my mind and attention as we prepare for the Budget. What that demonstrates is I am interested in trying to relieve the pressure across the spectrum of housing. Now, the Commonwealth Games can't do all of that on its own. So much of it has to do with working with the state and territory governments and local governments on planning issues and councils and infrastructure. No one level of government can address this issue in isolation, but we all must work together to try and address it. There were specific examples in that report, though, like more social housing, raising rent assistance. Are they things we might see in the Budget?The Budget is on May 9th. The likes of the Australian company Santos, it might be dire consequences for them if government intervention in the market takes place. What if this policy runs an Australian company like Santos out of business?What this policy is about is a fail-safe for Australian electricity consumers. That is what it is. This is Australian gas and it is needed for Australian users. What this does is provide a fail-safe in the system to deliver that gas where it is needed domestically. I think this is an important announcement by the Prime Minister. I obviously have been part of its workings through the energy subcommittee in Cabinet. We have a Prime Minister who understands how to deal with the America nations of how our energy markets work and he's very conscious of the issues that need to be carefully addressed here and this is a fail-safe measure, one that I think will greatly assist, combined with all of the other measures. I mean, we have got inquiries with the ACCC and to gas prisons, we have got other work being done by the Productivity Commission, we have work being done on trying to improve competition across all of these sectors and get the regulations right. There is, again, it is like housing, there is in one solution. Whether it is the pump hydro initiatives that the Prime Minister has clearly articulated atY or other projects like this or these regulatory measures as fail-safes, where they are required, you need a well thought-through comprehensive response which is exactly what the Prime Minister is articulating because he wants to take the increasing pressure off these prices for Australian families and businesses.Is good -- this good and bad debt messages does this mean you will fund projects like badgeries creek?People shouldn't think anything from what I am saying. We need to understand debt better. When parolecy proposals and expenditure submissions are here, we need to understand the debt consequences of those. We need to ensure that when we think through where we spend taxpayers' money that the consequences of that are thought out and you can't do that if you ignore the public debt interest and debt consequences of how you spend money in the various areas of government. You can't disconnect those things. What I am simply doing is ensuring a budget discipline that keeps the budget on the right track, ensures that our focus of the money the government brings in from taxpayers, first goes to ensure essential services, like hospitals, like schools, like Medicare, is getting that support. That we don't allow our expenditure to grow out of control and then we have to borrow on the nation's credit card to pay for everyday expenditure. That is a bad principle. It is one that we have to get out of the habit of doing and that is why we need to bring the budget back to balance and then put the country on a much stronger median-term position where we are paying down debt and ensure we can Britain things back to where they were when the Coalition last saw a positive position on a balance and a positive position when it came to debt and that was under Peter Costello. Thank you very much.That was the federal Treasurer Scott Morrisson addressing the media after his recent prebudget speech. But, in other news, the Trump Administration has told lawmakers it will apply economic and diplomatic pressure on North Korea to dismantle its nuclear weapons program. The entire US Senate was summoned to the White House for the extraordinary briefing. The administration has said that all options are on the table, but today signalled a willingness to exhaust non-military avenues. North America correspondent Conor Duffy reports. A Washington DC tour like no other. 100 US senators bussed down Pennsylvania And yew to the White House to hear the President's plans to stop Morcombe's nuclear weapons programs.It was a sobering briefing where it was clear just how much thought and planning is going into preparing military options if called for and a diplomatic strategy that strikes me as clear and well proportions to the threat.There is no move yet for war and no specific military proposals were put to the senators.I was reassured that the Trump Administration secretary Tillerson and others are consulting all of our allies in the region and China to reduce the likelihood of a miscalculation and misunderstanding. The briefing was led by Defence Secretary Jim Mattius and Rex Tillerson. They reduced a joint statement saying that tightening sanctions and pursuing diplomatic measures were the focus - for now. The US is trying to take away some of North Korea's leverage by introducing a missile defence system in South Korea. The top US commander in the Asia-Pacific told Congress hardway had been used to South Korea and a missile defence shield should be active within days.President Trump and Secretary Mattius have mad clear that all options are on the tict. We want to bring Kim Jong Un to his senses and not his knees.The Australian Foreign Affairs Minister is a long way from the Korean Peninsula, meeting a key NATO ally Estonia, but with tensions rising in our region, Julie Bishop is watching developments closer to home.The United States and South Korea are allies they have decided to take defensive measures.With more American hardware rolling in and war games along the border, the Trump Administration is sending a clear message to North Korea about what could come next should diplomacy fail.

The US President has proposed corporate tax cuts of more than 50%, a change his administration says will spur economic growth. A radical overhaul would cut the top income tax rate from almost 40 to 35% and slash the number of personal income tax brackets from 7 to 3.Our objective is to make US businesses the most competitive in the world. Under the Trump plan we will have a massive tax cut for businesses and massive tax reform in simplification.If approved, the top corporate tax rate would drop from 35 to 15%. Administration officials didn't address questions on how the proposal would affect government revenue or debt. A truck driver, who ploughed into cars at an intersection on Sydney's Northern Beaches in 2014, has been sentenced to a minimum three years' jail. He was found guilty of two counts of dangerous driving causing serious injury. Here is reporter Karl Hoerr. Well, the accident happened back in 2014, as you mentioned. I was a 22-tonne truck, which was almost fully laden and it was headed down a steep decline heading down what Reina Road at the intersection of Pit Water Road at Dee Why. At the time the truck at the top of the hill should have been doing 20km/h. Instead, it was doing 40 so double that and by the time it had got towards the bottom of the hill just before the impact, it was doing around 65km/h. So it was in the wrong gear and the driver had failed to engage the exhaust brake as well and in sentencing him to a minimum three years' jail today Judge Debora Payne said it was a gross departure from the standards that could be expected from a responsible truck driver and it was not a case of just a momentary lapse in judgement.And the judge also delivered some quite pointed remarks about Mr Nissan's remorse. What was said there?That's right, Nicole. Judge Payne said that Nissan had not taken responsibility for his actions and she did not believe that his remorse was genuine. Of course, the judge had found him guilty of those two charges of dangerous driving causing serious injury and those injuries were inflicted on two people. They were, in fact, police officers inside a civilian car that happened to be waiting at that intersection, but a number of other cars were also caught up in the crash and in total six people were injured. But, from the judge's perspective, she didn't believe that Nissan had shown remorse for his actions, which, of course, would go to his prospects for rehabilitation and she found that the only sentence appropriate was one of full-time imprisonment and she also disqualified his licence for two years.And, the accident saw a number of people injured. Did the court hear anything about how they have recovered since the crash?That's right. A number of people were injured, including those two people I mentioned earlier and one of those officers, Amy Champion was actually in court today. She has been recovering, but of course the injuries were substantial and all think she is back at work now. She believes that the sentence - or she was pleased with the sentence, and she was relieved that this was all over. She also was pleased an't the fact that Nissan will be disquality fid from driving for two years.That is court reporter Karl Hoerr there in Sydney. Dairy farmers are still feeling the pain a year after the country's biggest milk processors slashed prices below the cost of production. The country went into crisis when the cut was announced and said they would have to pay back money they had already received. It has cost family businesses a lot of money, not to mention the significant emotional toll.We had just completed probably three months prior, just bought the neighbour's farm, budget more cows to milk. Had looked at ramping up production and put staff on. We were doing everything that the industry asked us to do with the hope of a high milk price and then everything was just taken away from us. I really had to make really good decisions for our business and my husband was quite stressed and depressed as well. I was having to take on the roles of helping to run the farm more than I had, plus making decisions around money that wasn't there that we had already spent, which was really hard. At the time they dropped the milk price I did a cash-flow budget last week and we are down $149,000. That is a lot of money.For the year?So far. At the time it was --We are just going to leave that story there for a moment to go live to Melbourne where Danni Roche, the former Hockeyroo great is challenging John Coates for the AOC presidency.Promoting and upholding the spirit of the Olympic movement. The AOC has commissioned an independent review into specific allegations made by its media directored, an internal investigation into workplace culture. I believe both matters need to be investigated independently, transparency and urgently, so that the AOC can get back to what its core business is of supporting sports and athletes. I am happy to take questions. REPORTER: (INAUDIBLE) That is a matter for John Coates. Should he resign?That is a matter for John Coates. REPORTER: The comments that were attributed to him about the ...I have enormous respect for paralympians. I have been to their dinners and admire watching them on television. As far as I am concerned, those comments are most unsatisfactory, just inappropriate. Are you concerned that any investigation might be a wipe-out in relation to the commission?Sorry? Any investigation would be a whitewash, are you concerned about that at all?My concern is that the investigations need to be done by independent parties and they need to be done in an urgent manner and addressed very thoroughly.

I believe the investigations should be conducted independently and I believe that independence should be done from an external party.Does that mean you think that shouldn't be overseen?I believe it should be done by external party and I believe that could be - that could either perceived or real put Matt in a compromising position. My view is it should be done by an external, independent party.What specifically made you come out today and speak rather than previously about the whole situation?Because you guys keep ringing me.Anything el in particular?And I need to have the time. The reason for holding the press conference today is because I am trying to spend as much times a I can where things are important, which is spending time talking about the sport on where they would like to see the future of the Australian Olympic commity and what their tunes are and what their concerns are.Is what are they saying to you?I have promised every sport I will keep conversations that I have with them confidential, but what I can say is there a is very strong momentum for change.A lot of the complaints we have heard about so far seem to involve mainly positions of authority, held by foams, from your point of view (INAUDIBLE) My view of sport in Australia there are some fabulous both men and women involved in sport. With regard to the Australian Olympic Committee, there is also some very good men and women currently on the board. REPORTER: (INAUDIBLE)

Have you been able to satisfy you could overcome those hurdles?So, there has been a clause proposed by Hockey Australia around an honorary president. This satisfies the requirements of the IOC for John to maintain all of his international roles.Is it coincident tal timing that all of -- co interdental timing that all of this is coming out a week before the budget?The people that have come out have made their own decisions. As far as timing, that is nothing to do with me.Do you think the allegations, is it healthy
(INAUDIBLE) I don't think anyone in sport likes to see these allegations that have been made, me included. No-one likes to see sport on the front pages of the paper for the wrong reasons. Most of us that work in sport are volunteers, are passionate about sport and it is actually not about administrators. It is about athletes. It shouldn't be about administrators. That is a matter for them.Can you give us an idea when the investigation will begin?I have no detail, no.Have you been asked when it might happen or did you ask that question?No, I haven't asked the question. I am not on the AOC board. That is up to the AOC board right now. I am not aware of it and have no detail on that.Considering whether they vote for you in light of these allegations (INAUDIBLE) ... I think what is important for the sports to continue is how they want sport to look like in the next four years. What my message is, is around collaboration with the sports, with the peak bodies if Australian sport, to bring cohesion back into sport, so that Australian sport can collaborate and thrive again.It is said there are maybe one or two votes
(INAUDIBLE) What...I can say is I believe there is a very strong momentum for change and many sports are telling me that they do want change. Many sports are also telling me, they are very concerned around the allegations that have been presented in the last few weeks.

Thank you.Thank you.That was Danni Roche, the AOC presidential challenger specking there in Melbourne. Let's go to finance news now and here is reporter Alicia Barry. Alicia, Network Ten is in financial strife?Certainly is, Nicole. The network has been struggling for quite a while in what is a weak television advertising market at the moment. Today, Ten Network has released its half-year results and posted a $232 million half-year loss. It says now its future is really dependent on refinancing it loans. The network has a $200 million loan guaranteed by the News Corp cochairman Lachlan Murdoch, along with businessman Bruce Gordon and casino magnate James Packer. That loan is due to expire in September. Ten is seeking to renew or upgrade its current borrowings and until that happens there, is a bit of uncertainty about the group's ability to continue as an ongoing concern and, not surprisingly, shareholders are very unnerved by this. Shares in the Ten Network have fallen as much as 21% to a record low of 35 cents. The last time I looked, before coming into the studio, they were down around 16% or so at 37 cents.And there are some fresh figures out from Wesfarmers today. What are they looking like?Nicole, Wesfarmers has released its first-quarter sales results and it owns Bunnings, Coles, Target, office works. It has seen mixed results. Food and liquor sales at Coles missed analysts' expectations and were much slower, in terms of growth than they have been in previous quarters and now analysts are tipping that Woolworths will perhaps beat Coles when it announces its own sales in a few week's time. Bunnings, not surprisingly, remains the stand-out with higher total sales growth up 7.7% in the quarter and that is sliekly helped by the demise of Woolworths hardware store Masters. Sales were very soft in the department store sector with Kmart underperforming and very big drops in the sales in Target. It really is shrinking at quite a dramatic pace and that is as consumers cut back on their discretionary spending.So how is the state of the market today? We're seeing the Australian share market edge very slightly higher, but it has been a fairly flat session through most of the day after a session through most of the day
after a lacklustre after a lacklustre session on Wall Street overnight. Right now, energy stocks have been losing ground, particularly with the gas sector taking focus today and that is offsetting the banks and goldminers, which are posting gains. Right now we are seeing the winners triumph and the All Ords is up around a 10th of a per cent or so-and-so is the ASX 200 index. A negative start to trade with Japan leading the losses. There are losses across the Chinese markets now. On Wall Street, there was a retreat overnight. Investors there are unhappy about the lack of detail in the bhous tax plan and many were disappointed to see that tax -- state taxes may no longer be tax deductible.

Thanks very much for that, Alicia.

The top stories on ABC News: The Federal Opposition says the Prime Minister needs to explain his claim that gas prices could half if exports are restricted. The Coalition has decided to impose export limits on gas to ensure there are no domestic shortages. From July, it intends to regulate, so that it could force producers to boost supplies for Australian users before they are allowed to export. Turkey has the names of more than 420 Australians who are on a terrorism watch-list. Turkey's prosecuting Australian Islamic State group recruiter NeilpastPrakash on terrorism charges, but it also has started the process to extra diet him to Australia. Two people missing in Tasmania's south-west remote wilderness for three days have been found alive. Police held grave concerns for the wellbeing John Ward and his 13-year-old son, Stephen. The pair were reported missing after failing to return home from a camping trip on Tuesday night in Strathgordon. A Sydney truck driver has been ordered to spend at least three years in jail for a crash that left two people seriously injured in 2014. 42-year-old Sanrad Nissan disobeyed warning signs about a deep descent in Dee Why. It failed to negotiate a corner. Returning now to our top story of the Federal Government's decision to restrict gas exports if there is a shortage within Australia. For more, here is the Resources within Australia. For more, here is
the Resources Minister Senator Matt Canavan.Look, we have designed the measure, Nicole, to be very targeted, to be targeted at times in Australia where there is an identified shortfall and we will seek to establish whether in is a shortfall or not through advice from the ACCC or the energy market operator. We will obviously be taking advice on the needs of industry, the pressures facing households. This measure is intended to ensure that we have a strong manufacturing sector in this country, that we maintain our domestic security and the tens of thousands of jobs that exist in heavy manufacturing in related industries, can be sustained and we can can make our own domestic security in tact first before we export to other countries.But just seven weeks ago you dismissed the idea of this policy saying it would be like preventing a farmer selling scotch fillet to overseas supermarkets. What has chained there?What I also said in those quotes, you have just mentioned, is it is not an ideal policy. We didn't want to be here, Nicole. The ideal policy would be for the market to work. We are seeing high prices in Australia and normally, of course, in such a market you would expect supply to come online, but because of various bans at state and territory level on gas development, including a ridiculous ban in Victoria which has been safely used for more than 100 years, we are not seeing the market or supply response we are seeing. You take your scotch fillet example, if the price is high you get more farmers producing the product, but we can't have that in Australia because of the state and territory bans. We aren't going to stand idly by as a government and watch people go to work in the manufacturing sector all because of short-sighted policies at state and territory level.Speaking of your criticism of the states and territories, are you going to be putting more pressure on the likes of Victoria, for instance, to expand their gas production and exploration?Yes. We already as a government strongly said to them what we expect. We already as a Federal Government offered a gas, comprehensive gas supply strategy with support for scientific and environmental information. We are working on more measures to develop gas development in Australia, but of course the gas resources of Victoria, I am sure in Victoria are the Victorian government's resource so we don't have the direct leaver in Victoria. We can only encourage and offer. We can only try to work with those states and territories that are doing the right thing and that is what we are doing with the Queensland and NSW Governments, through work that the CSIRO works with them closely to try and develop those resources. We do need them as a country and we need them to support our manufacturing industry and to support the farming sector. We were at Australia's only fertiliser plant in Australia with the Prime Minister this morning and that is important for our food security.The mflagged lower gas prices as much as half of the current level that should flow through to consumers. When even will that happen?It should be very clear what the Prime Minister was referring to was some of the offers we are seeing at the moment, where gas price s can be up to $20 a gig jewel. That is double what we see overseas in Asia at the moment - just a bit over double. We want to ensure through what we are doing here that prices here in Australia fairly reflect international prices, which are about half of some of the offers we're seeing? The market. A lot of the offers at those sort of prices are not being taken up because the price is way too high for people. The price does need to come down to make sure we can ensure our domestic energy security.The Australian Workers' Union has today said that under this decision it will still level Australian producers paying more than industry in Asia and that this is a bandaid solution. What is your response to that?Well, look, I'll happily discuss with the Australian Workers' Union their views and their response. I think others in the sector have welcomed this decision, including the Australian Industry Group. They have called it "new hope" for the manufacturing sector and we met with a range of manufacturers this morning that warmly welcomed the Government's decision here. This is an important step for our resources sector. As I say, it is not something that we would have preferred to have don't. It is - we are contemplating using the powers we have under the Customs Act, which are rarely used but are used from time to time to guarantee our energy security. So I think the government has acted increedibly speedily here in the last few months. We received the Australian energy market operator's report only in March, identifying a potential shortfall in our gas market. We have met with the gas producers twice since then to try to discuss these issues and find a way forward. While we have made some progress, we have come to the conclusion as a government we need this policy in or back pocket to ensure the gas security going forward.The Prime Minister was talking about good debt and bad debt. Do you think the debt incurred on infrastructure is good debt and is that a useful distinction to draw?Well, look, I think it is very important to ensure that as a country we don't seek to put our bills on the credit card, so to speak. We should not be speaking to put the ongoing expenses of government on an annual basis on the burden of future generations. That is not a good way of approaching things and, in that sense, it is bad debt because we are asking our children and grandchildren to pay for the benefits that we receive today. The difference with infrastructure that you have raised is those investments are, of course, intended to benefit ourselves, but also future generations as well. So there is often at times a rationale to spread the costs of that over generations and potentially take on debt for that. That is a better way of financing government expenditure and good debt, if you like.Senator Matt Canavan, we will leave it there. Thank you for joining us today.Thank there. Thank you for joining us
today.Thank you, there. Thank you for joining us
today.Thank you, Nicole. today.Thank you, Nicole.The lawyer for the Corrections Minister John Elfink said that his client has been a standing target for months. He was sacked in the wake of the ABC's Four Corners program. Here is Nancy Notson in Darwin.He is former Minister for Corrections in the important and was presiding as minister while so many of these issues and allegations we have heard over the past few months happened. So the 2014 gassing incident, allegations of mistreatment within the centre, issues with guards apparently taking photos of detainees and about detainees being kept in isolation for long periods of time. So he lost his job as Corrections Minister shortly after the ABC's Four Corners report aired. He was defending guards and their actions at the time. So of course he's a person of much interest in this and, as the inquiry turns its attention from detainee guards within the centre, to those who were in charge of the system and those behind it, his evidence will be extremely important today and in the coming days.There was a bit of delay today. Mr Elfink giving that evidence.There was. This morning we have been listening to a lot of different arguments for, say, an hour-and-a-half or so where they were trying to determine When should and shouldn't be alin today's evidence. He wrote a lengthy statement with a bunch of an neck Chers to go with that. There was a lot of questions if we could allow these things to be included. Comments from Hansard, which of course is the official NT parliament recordings. That was eventually allowed by Commissioner Margaret White but said that any cross-examination on issues to do with Hansard would need to tread very carefully because there are prohibitions on being able to challenge that. There were issues raised in his statement that are still embargoed at this point. He made some comments about the Four Corners report and there were questions and arguments stating that perhaps this would be - it was totally irrelevant and be a sideshow to which Commissioner Margaret White said, yes, she would definitely need to consider that and we are not sure if we will be hearing more about that in the evidence to come.And we have heard that his council said he was, indeed, a standing target. What did he mean by that?So, he was the minister at the time that all of this was happening and of course there has been a lot of pressure on this. The Four Corners report, that then prompted the royal commission from the Prime Minister. So if you are the minister in charge of that, you would be facing a lot of pressure, a lot of scrutiny from the community, from everywhere and his lawyer was arguing this morning that, in fact, he has been the target for m some period of time so this is what he had to say.Where those criticisms are just and found to be sustainable, he will wear them and wishes to support the royal commission, but he's been a standing target for six months and evidence which identifies the fact that he took action, which is utterly inconsistent with how he or his government has been portrayed in various stages was, in my submission, a relevant fact. Absolutely, we will follow your updates throughout the day. Nancy Notson, thank you very much for joining us. Let's go live to Strath Gordon in Tasmania where police are holding a news conference after they found a father and son bushwalker who were missing.It is 2 degrees up here. Would have been Kohlerksr where they were and they have been out for three nights in wet clothing. Not ideal conditions to spend a night out without a tent or suitable equipment.Is there any indication they sought refuge in any way?From what we can gather, they built a small shelter in a location. They have been able to protect themselves somewhat from the elements, from the heavy rain that we had. They still did become wet and dap. In that shelter, but that is most likely saved their lives. They had the smarts to build something like that and keep themselves out of the weather.So how did the crews actually find them?We inserted a walking party of two members. One was an SES member who was a volunteer and the other was a Tasmanian bushwalker. They wuked from this remote location back to a position we thought they may have again missing from. As a result of walking across there, they have heard them off the track, located them and coordinated the response with the helicopter the get them out.Is there any clarity as to how they got lost? Did they walk off the track --We don't know at this stage. We have obviously got to debrief at the moment and we will know more when they are in a better condition to talk about it.Did they have water?There is plenty of water out there with the rain and the rivers. They indicated that they actually located some food. It is quite common for food drops to be put along remote tracks like this when people embark on lengthy bushwalks, they arrange for food to be placed a at locations by an air asset and they were lucky enough to come across something like that. I am not sure what they consumed out of it but they indicate they'd found some food.Given the shelt Erebus Motorsport and finding of food, how lucky do you think they are still here today?I am amazed they are back here.Chris, you have been here the whole day running the search. How did you feel when you heard the news and how are you feeling now?It is obviously exciting. You put a plan into place. You try and locate what you are looking nor and, in these circumstances, we were looking for a 42-year-old man and his son. We have family here who want us to find them, we want to find them all and to have a plan and put it in place and have volunteers to offer up their own time and resources to come out and help you execute that plan for it to come off, it is fantastic.What was the family's reaction when they found out they had been found? I know we were all pretty surprised?Yeah, obviously they were optimistic all along, but a few tears and they are happy now. They are having a good chat to them now. Hopefully head back to Hobart later on tonight and talk about the adventure they have had.I think they thought they were going to be booked. We pulled them off with blue lights. It was a wonderful moment. It is a nice moment to be involved in, to be honest. To take mum back to hubby and back to her son and watch the embrace and obviously - who knows what was going through their heads out there -- to be involved in that emotion with them, that is fantastic.You were saying this morning it was first tile --Do I think that will be the last.A pretty interesting introduction there?Yeah. We said all along they didn't have the best equipment, but obviously they are quite intelligence and they have bunkered down and they have got themselves some sort of shelter, which is fantastic and the fact that they have made that shelter is potentially saved their lives.Do we know if they thought they were going to be found or they had given up? They haven't said. I guess they were hopeful. They had helicopters above them. They haven't indicated if they heard any walkers. I doubt think did in the location they were in. They would have certainly heard and seen the helicopters for the two days the night.Any lessons to be learnt here for less-experienced bushwalkers?I guess they did the right thing enter nothing the log book, entering the walk they were doing and when they anticipated their return. Do a bit of research fingerprint you are going to embark on a walk like the Western Arthurs, you need experience and to be well prepared. There is plenty of information on the internet about the walks in Tasmania. Plenty of people you can talk to. Do a bit of research before you embark on walks like this.Were they found on the track, near the track?Not far off the track. A location called Nine Mile Correct. Along the Arthur Plains, within our search area. We were restricted by putting in not personnel until today and as a result of putting in those not personnel, they located them. How far is it from where we are now? As the ce flies, I couldn't tell you, but about 15k along the track. So where you start the track AHewon Camp Ground, you head along the track and cross over Junction Creek which is where we centred our searches on and then you head in a north-easterly directions along the Arthur Plains and they were located there at Nine Mile Creek.Is this a career-first for you?In this length of time to have someone out in these conditions for this long, yeah. It is, yep. (INAUDIBLE) We know they spent yesterday in a correct bed so they may not have been as visible in the creek bed. I think they had a conversation about the situation they were in today and decided to find a bit of higher ground. Somehow they found something reflective as well which obviously assisted. From what I can gather, they have left some equipment on the track and that has been picked up by walkers who have alerted them to that area. They have done a bit of searching, a bit of vocal, obviously yelling, and they have got a response and tracked them down and located them.What did they use to make a shelter?From what I can gather it was just tea tree, shrubs, bushes, anything they could find out there.You have probably already answered this. What condition are they in?The son is medically fine and dad is suffering mild hypothermia.Wow. Thank you. That is police updating the media on the fate of two bush Walkers who had been missing for days in remote Tasmania. We know now that a man is suffering from mild hypothermia, but they are both expected to make a recovery. But now it is time for our regular look at the world of science and this week we are looking at waste or perhaps, more importantly, how to deal with it. Here is RN's Robin Williams from the Science Show.Marvellous work from Deakin University. If you imagine those piles of absolutely terrible garbage that you see piled up, imagine, say, in jack ta in one of those waterways or I have seen stuff in Mexico that seems to go on forever, they could bundle that up, mix it and turn it into fibre, which then through a 3-D printer, run by solar power, could produce tools and that is what Deakin announced this week, which I think is very exiting stuff whereby you can then have small industries going for, say, island countries, such as in the Solomons. Honiara is going to be where they do some of the experimentation. If you can turn waste into 3-D-printed tools or bits of textiles that you want, it is a wonderful solution. So you make money through waste.Some of those tools could be used for plumbing, for instance, and accessing the water.Absolutely anything. So you have cleaned up the water and you have got something that is the basis for industry as well as sale. If you apply that wonder any simple technology which is being pioneered around the country, we have got Deakin University and also in Wollongong 3-D printing - they do 3-D printing of body parts in Wollongong, would you believe? That is not waste. (LAUGHS) No, absolutely. The ABC is turning its focus to wasteful May. What can you tell us about that? Well, starting with the Science Show next week, we are talking about e-waste, which as the University of NSW Venus Walah, the professor of engineering there, has indicated that you have got 5, 087,000 tonnes of e paes each year. If you imagined a field with 780,000 cars, that is the amount of e-waste we have in Australia each year and much of it is exported to third world countries transporting toxic waste. Instead of that, you can mine it, as they do at the University of NSW, getting precious minerals out, which are more available in that sense than mining the ore. So, that is radio. That is next week. Then we have got the television is going to have one of those seasons, rather they have a season of bullying and a season of star dust, looking at the stars, so waste will come up in May with several programs showing how we can take a part. If you look at the figures - 25% of our food is threaten away. Billions of dollars, $25 billion at least of food is threaten away. We keep hearing about plastics and ways in which we are clogging up the oceans - how to do something about that as well.A fascinating story about caterpillars eating plastic and in this case it is notes inially a bad thing.I find that really lovely. All of this week the news has been coming out with Deakin University and this one from Cambridge. There is an Italian woman who keeps bees noticed that some of the caterpillars that got into the his were chewing up the plastic bags. They are doing it not so much just by chewing, but using enzymes that decom pose the plastic and produce material that you can then have relatively harmless, not like the kind of plastic beating that you get with make-up. So they are hoping not just to mobilise several million caterpillars, which might be slightly difficult, but instead to use the enzyme, the chemical way of decom posing the plastic to get rid of a trillion bag as year, I think there are 7 trillion bags in the ocean. It is just a disaster that feeds to be looked at. Whether you can clean them up in the ocean and put them in a pile and hand them over to some industry recycling them. Nonetheless, waste is the name of the game this month coming.Thank you for joining us. Scientists say that a new database shows the frequency of reef bleaching events is ate times higher than in the late 90's. A team of researchers from Australia and can za compiling data from bleaching events from reefs around the world. Before the 1990s there were 250 records of bleaching, compared to 7,000 instances of bleaching since then. An unusually dense super bloom of wildflowers that has been sprouting up across California is now visible from space. Fields across southern parts of the state have been carpeted with vivid blooms which are mainly orange, California puppies. Throughout winter and spring, rainfall is essential for a good season. It is time now to check the weather season. It is time now to check the
weather with Nate Byrne. weather with Nate Byrne. Starting with this satellite picture we have cloud in the north that is society waited with a topical low that is bringing woundy conditions to the north west. A gale force win warning for the north coast of Tiwis. On the sin not ticks, cold air will be up in the south-eastern states and even into the south of Queensland. Let's look at what the weather is doing for you today:

for the north

The clouds will clear. That is thanks to a broad ridge. The temperatures for tomorrow:

Four white tiger cubs have been unveiled at the White Zoo in Austria. The healthy cubs, named Falco, Toto, Mia and Malzic were born a month ago to Harley, a 6-year-old tigeress originally from France. The babies will stay at the zoo for another year before being donated to other zoos. That is the latest from ABC News. I am Nicole Chettle. Thanks for watching.

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