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Inside North Korea -

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(generated from captions) I'm a do it like it ain't been done
# I'm a do it like it ain't been done like it ain't been done
# I'm a do it

and I get gold medals
# Both hands tied

and I'm breaking all records
# Make my mark

and you might get some
# Give a little

like it ain't been done
# I'm a do it

-(GIRLS CHEER)
-# Hey! #

Next week on Dateline...

5-6 million children underprivileged to have an IQ of 130.

She has an IQ of Apollo astronauts and her family don't realise that.

Captions by Ericsson Access Services. We have decided to expel

the Tokyo BBC correspondent
Rupert Wingfield-Hayes...

It's not how I expected
my trip to North Korea to end.

This is the country the regime hoped
I would show the world -

a modern, showpiece capital...

with loyal, happy subjects...

and a growing nuclear arsenal.

One more go, one more go.No.
One more go. One more go.

'Instead, I got detained,
interrogated and expelled.'

It's been pretty exhausting,
stressful.

What did I do to cause such offence?

And what does it say about
the way this country works?

So we've just landed at
Pyongyang International Airport

in North Korea.

This is one of the most isolated,
impoverished

and repressive places on earth,

and it's a place we still
know so little about.

I have been invited to accompany
a group of Nobel Prize winners,

including British biologist
Sir Richard Roberts.

They're here to meet with students
at the country's top universities.

It's not the first time
I've been here for the BBC.

12 years ago, I came in
from China, posing as a tourist.

We've been told we mustn't do
any filming from the train,

but we haven't been given
any reason why.

The poverty was stark.

Today, despite international
sanctions,

Pyongyang looks prosperous.

There are taxis on the streets,
new buildings

and something that was not allowed
back then - mobile phones.

So here we are, number 24.
This is our home for the next week.

We arrive at a compound
for visiting VIPs.

Well, this isn't what you really
think Pyongyang is going to look like

and, in fact, most of it doesn't.

This looks more like
an American suburb,

but just 100 metres away
is the gate.

Outside the gate are the bustling
streets of Pyongyang.

'I try to take a walk into town.'

So, yes, there's some frantic
waving going on.

Those are our minders.

'There are a team of them

'and their job is to accompany us
wherever we go.'

We were just going out to have
a little walk, that's all.

We're not going anywhere.

No, actually, she's inviting you.

She's waiting actually,
waiting for all of you.I see.

'One of the minders, Mr Kim,

'tells me a senior official
is at the guesthouse.'

Yes, we just have to go back
and get something...

'It turned out not to be true,
but my little stroll is over.'

The next morning,
we're taken to a giant tower

on the bank of the Taedong River.

So this is the tallest stone
tower in the world.

This is the memorial
to the Juche Ideal,

which is the sort of
central principle

of the Korean Workers' Party.

There are several of these
enormous, grandiose monuments

throughout Pyongyang,

and it's obligatory to visit
some of them when you come here.

The tower honours North Korea's
own version of communism,

a self-reliant nation
ruled by an all-powerful leader.

From the top, we can see
a massive event is under way.

For the first time in
nearly 40 years,

the regime is holding
a Workers' Party congress.

It's a big moment for the country's
young leader, Kim Jong-un.

When he succeeded his father
Kim Jong-il four years ago,

many predicted he would not last.

But he has not only survived,
he's consolidating power.

So far, he seems to be popular,

because people see
the economic growth.

Therefore, the young boy...

Well, he might appear comical
to us sometimes, to be frank,

but he is probably...

the most popular
North Korean leader

in the last, say, quarter century.

He has also been ruthless
in removing potential enemies.

One of his first moves

was to kill a number of top
officials and generals,

including his own uncle.

This defector fled the purge
and is now in South Korea.

TRANSLATION:The worst
of Kim Jong-un's policies

is his reign of terror and
treating his people harshly.

His father dealt with
faults or crimes in the military

with demotion
and soft punishment.

Now it is execution and purging.

The Nobel Prize winners
are here to promote dialogue

with this regime.

I want to ask Sir Richard
Roberts if he is worried

this trip might give it
more legitimacy.

But as soon as I try,
our minders step in to stop me.

You are going to have to let us
do our job, OK?

LAUGHING:Ya, ya, ya.

I'm not asking to film
the military,

I am asking to film the Nobel
laureates who are visiting.

We are just going to do a little
interview with them.

I spent a lot of time in the
Soviet Union during the Cold War,

and there I know that talking
to people and letting them know

what was going on
in the rest of the world

was important to them, and maybe
that can be important here too.

Just two more minutes. It's OK.
One minute, one minute.

Ready to go.Yeah, but they're not
going to go without us.

'Sir Richard tells me his wife
didn't want him to come.'

She felt we would probably be used
for propaganda purposes,

in ways that were inappropriate.

Which, to an extent, you will.

Of course.We're not the only camera
crew following you.

Right, and that's fine.

I am not here to
help the North Koreans

gain some respect
in the world necessarily,

unless they do something good.

Have to hurry, it's the lunchtime.

Two o'clock is the lunchtime,
to the hospital.

OK.For the children.
We have to go, hurry.OK.

Our next stop is Pyongyang's new
children's hospital, opened in 2013.

This place is impressive -
clean and modern.

But we see very few patients.

We are shown children exercising
on adult gym equipment.

None of them
looks particularly sick.

THEY READ ALOUD IN KOREAN

Next door, another group
is in class.

Again, the girls
look remarkably well.

One of the professors
tries to find out more.

She doesn't have to stand,
I am just curious

why she is in the hospital,
why she is here.

WOMAN ASKS QUESTION IN KOREAN

GIRL REPEATS HERSELF

And you arefriends, together?

MAN TRANSLATES

Yeah."Yeah, we are friends."

But you didn't know one another
before you came to the hospital?

That is right.
Wonderful. So, you see...

It all feels a bit staged,
but it's impossible to tell.

So we ask to see children
being treated by doctors.

The answer is no.

Since we are in
children's hospital,

we have to respect the rules
and regulations of this hospital.

I hope you understand that.

So this is the real difficulty
in North Korea,

trying to get an idea of what's real
and what's not.

Everywhere we've been in this
hospital,

well, it looks like a set-up,

like it has been pre-scripted,
it's a performance for us.

It's impressive, there's modern
equipment, it's clean, it's modern,

but how much of it is real
and how much does it represent

the reality of
the rest of this country?

We just don't know.

Later, Sir Richard Roberts
WAS allowed

to return here without us.

After the trip,
I asked him what he had seen.

There were a lot of people,
a lot of patients,

a lot of activity
in the hospital.

We went over to the diagnostic labs
and that was all rather good too.

It was fairly primitive,
but I think everything we saw,

they had done extremely well,

given the limitations

that the sanctions have necessarily
imposed on them.

But defectors say outside Pyongyang,
hospitals look nothing like this.

Choi Joo Yeon recently escaped

from North Korea's
third largest city Chongjin.

TRANSLATION:It's like night
and day when you compare

Pyongyang and Chongjin.

We do have hospitals,
but compared to Pyongyang,

they areold and lack equipment.

Medical care is supposed to be free,

but you have to
give the doctors money,

and the hospitals haveno medicines.

So you have to buy medicine.

etched into your memories.
MAN: We are moments

THEY SCREAM

It's Sunday afternoon at
the Rungna People's Pleasure Ground,

and the place is packed.

Is this going to be scary?

IN ENGLISH:

Here we go, good luck.

I've got my foot to the floor!

Hey, leave me alone!

When I was last here,
there was nothing like this.

Since Kim Jong-un took power,
several of these new funfairs

and water parks have
gone up in the capital.

So how was it? How was it?

I have taken this several times,
but each time I have the...

I am always exciting!Yeah?Woohoo!

So can I ask,
where did you learn English?

Oh, I am a student
of Kim Il-sung University.

Kim Il-sung University?Yeah.

Hello.

'And he's not alone.'

Do you speak English?

Where'd you learn English?

I am studying in
Kim Il-sung University.

In Kim Il-sung University?Yes.
What subject are you studying?

Uh...
HER FRIENDS LAUGH

It's difficult. Finance?

Finance.Finance.

I study in Kim Il-sung University.

You also study in Kim Il-sung
University?Yes, yes.

This park seems to be full of
students from Kim Il-sung University.

Have they been brought in
for our benefit?

Again, it's impossible to know.

Even here, it's hard to tell

how much this represents
the reality of life here,

whether this is a bubble,
Pyongyang is a bubble,

and these people are from the elite.

PEOPLE ON RIDE SCREAM

'We spot something our minder
doesn't want us to film -

'a hot dog stand.'

Ya, ya, ya, let us go.

'It seems we have stumbled on a bit
of North Korean free enterprise.'

He just wants to
film the hot dog cooking.

'But why are they
trying to hide it?'

They are really afraid
to admit any change,

because any official admission
of a serious ideological change

might be politically destabilising,

so they pretend that they are still
living in theold Stalinist state.

But private enterprise IS being
allowed to flourish,

especially outside the capital.

This secretly shot video

shows a market
close to the Chinese border.

These markets are,
in theory, still illegal,

but they're essential
for survival,

to prevent a return to
the terrible famines of the 1990s.

TRANSLATION:I was born in 1993.

That's when thenational rations
stopped

and because of that a lot of people
died from starvation.

People didn't know
how to survive, but now,

they've learnt by becoming merchants
and trading in markets.

But still, living
conditions are not good,

so you have to fight forsurvival.

After three days,
our first report on the trip

is broadcast on the BBC.

North Korea is making
last-minute preparations

'for a once-in-a-generation congress
of its ruling elite.'

It didn't take long
for our hosts to react.

They called us to a meeting.

They were very angry that
I'd described the hospital

as being "set up" and
that I'd referred to

the young people we'd met at
the funfair as being

"children of the elite".

The greatest anger was caused
by a headline written back in London

that wrongly used the words
"fake doctors".

It was quickly changed,
but the damage was done.

The Nobel Prize winners
became very concerned.

The North Koreans told them
their trip was now in jeopardy.

The first reaction
that they had was that

they would not want
you to do any further filming.

It wasn't clear,at least to us,

to what extent they were
going to try to be

co-operative in our visit.

But cooperation does continue

and the next day, we're taken to
Kim Il-sung University,

named after
the current leader's grandfather.

The performances are a display of
loyalty to the Kim family dynasty.

This number - Young People
Be Loyal To Our Party.

THEY SING IN KOREAN

I had a good schooling,
we had public libraries...

Sir Richard Roberts
is answering questions

from students whose English
is impressively fluent.

My question is, when was
the happiest time of
your life as a scientist?

LAUGHTER
Very personal question.

He feels free to speak his mind.

Kids need to be creative,
they need to do their own thing,

shouldn't listen
to the adults too much.

The adults often don't know
what is best for you.

Very often...

But how free are these students
to think for themselves?

I think, outside the DPRK,
we think that it's very restricted,

what you're able to read,
for example, science journals,

science and nature and access
to the internet,

so I'm just curious, what's it like?

No, we have free access
to read all the books,

almost all the books
from the outside world.

Have you got access
to the internet?

We have many chances
to get to the internet.

And you can read...

You can go on Google and look up
things in English?

Oh, yes, Google, yeah, right.

Next door is the university's
shiny new computer lab.

12 years ago,
there was no internet here,

so what can they access now?

So can we put in bbc.co.uk?

'The excuses begin immediately.'

So this one's busy?Yes.

So there's another one we
can look at?Yes, OK.

OK, we'll go and look at this one.

What subject are you studying?

Computer technology?

'If anybody knows how to use
the internet, this guy should.'

Uh, intra...Yeah, intranet.

So the server is not working.

'But the minders insist the system
is just temporarily down.'

Very busy.Internet Explorer?
What explorer is it?

Across the room, Sir Richard Roberts
is asking the same question.

I'm just trying to find out
how accessible stuff is,

because if you're a scientist,
these days,

if you don't have access
to the internet, you're dead.

NUMBERS DIAL ON PHONE

If these students DO have access
to the internet,

then it is
very tightly controlled.

What I'm concerned about
is that they can't be honest

about the fact that they only have
limited access.

For them to pretend that they do
have complete access is silly.

Information is becoming
harder to control.

Defectors say
the internet and foreign media

are now a serious threat
to the regime.

These secretly filmed
pictures show North Koreans

watching a South Korean TV drama.

Vast numbers of DVDs are
being smuggled in from China.

TRANSLATION:The way
we learn about life overseas

is that we
watch a lot of soap operas.

They're smuggled
into North Korea with other items.

They make us wonder why North Korea
can't produce such things itself.

It makes us doubt ourselves.

TRANSLATION:I watched a lot
of South Korean soaps

and US movies when
I was in North Korea.

I remember feelingreally tense.

In the old days, the punishment
was a few months in prison.

But after Kim Jong-untook over,

it could mean execution.

According to
North Korean state media,

dozens have been executed
for watching foreign TV.

DRAMATIC FANFARE

It's the evening performance
at the Pyongyang Children's Palace.

CHILDREN SING

Even here the children are taught

they must be constantly
prepared for war.

Tonight, they're celebrating
the latest missile launch.

Kim Jong-un is determined

his country will become
a full nuclear power.

In June, the country tested one of
these - a Musudan ballistic missile.

Within a decade, North Korea's aim

is to have nuclear weapons capable
of hitting the United States.

When I was at Kim Il-sung
University,

I asked one of the students
why it's so important.

I just wanted to ask you...

Can you not stand in the shot,
can you stand back a bit?

Why do you think
the DPRK needs nuclear weapons?

IN ENGLISH:

So when...

Sorry to interrupt you.

THEY SPEAK IN KOREAN

Thank you.

They will have a few dozen missiles
armed with nuclear warheads,

located in their kind of silos

or protected facilities across
the country and aimed at

the major American cities,

but probably maybe cities in
South Korea, Japan and China.

More than 50% of the hard cash
in North Korea

is poured into nuclear programme,

because they believe that
only this nuclear arsenal

can defend North Korean regime
and its political system.

MARCHING BAND PLAYS

If nuclear weapons are
one pillar of regime survival,

the other is
the cult of the Kim dynasty.

While we were in Pyongyang, hundreds
of thousands joined this parade

to celebrate
the Workers' Party Congress.

My minders show the same reverence

in front of a statue of Kim
Jong-un's father, Kim Jong-il,

and I'm expected to do so too.

Our minder, Mr Kim here,

said I'm not allowed to
put my hands in my pockets,

because this is a sacred site

and that's the reverence that
the Kim family is treated with here.

Just wanted to have one more go.
No, no.One more go.

No, no.One more go. One more go...

'I don't know what I've said wrong,
but it appears I've crossed a line.'

What's... What's so sensitive?

Is it because you think
I'm saying something disrespectful

about your former president?

Bit.A bit.

'We're taken into a building
and told we can't leave

'until we've deleted the material.

'It seems I've committed
a serious offence.'

TRANSLATION:The North Korean regime
is like a religion.

People are brainwashed
from birth to death,

so it's hard for them to realise.

North Korea has managed to survive
based on loyalty,

supported by this religion,
but it's different now.

Now it's a reign of terror

and it's fear that allows
North Korea to survive.

In fact, we had not deleted
the material of the statue incident

and in our next broadcast
we decide to use some of it.

This time
our minders were much more angry.

They burst into our villa uninvited,
red in the face,

and they were shouting.
They said, "Let's not play games."

It's now the final day of our trip

and we're at the Pyongyang University
of Science and Technology.

Our minders are now openly hostile.

IN ENGLISH:

From this point, we're not allowed
to do any more filming.

The next day, we're due to go home.

With some relief,
we head to the airport.

But at Passport Control,
I'm seized by border guards

and driven back into the capital.

This is video shot by
North Korean state security agents

inside the interrogation room.

You can see how disoriented
I look and scared.

They've taken me away from my team,
isolated me in this hotel

and then the interrogation began.

One played the good cop,
one played the bad cop

and then they presented
the evidence against me.

Articles I had written
for the BBC website.

They claimed the words "grim-faced"

meant I thought
Korean people were ugly

and that a "barked" order showed
I thought they had voices like dogs.

These are my interrogators and they
now threaten to put me on trial.

The one on the left tells me
he prosecuted this man, Kenneth Bae,

a Korean-American who spent two
years in a North Korean prison camp.

Would the same now happen to me?

After ten hours, my boss finds out
where I'm being held

and negotiations begin.

We agree
I'll write a letter apologising

to the North Korean people
for the offence I have caused.

Finally, at 3.30,
the interrogation ends.

But for two more days, I am
prevented from leaving the country.

Then we're told
there will be an official statement.

HE SPEAKS IN KOREAN

We have decided to expel
the Tokyo BBC correspondent

Rupert Wingfield-Hayes from
the territory of the DPRK

and we are going to
never admit him again.

They say I've insulted the Kim
dynasty and the North Korean people.

But compared to some,
I'm getting off lightly.

Three other Westerners
are still in prison here.

I'm leaving.

It's been pretty exhausting,
stressful, um, and...

I'll be very happy
when I'm on that plane.

I think our main surprise was that
that had not happened earlier,

because the North Koreans
were very upset with you.

But I think you must have been aware

that this sort of thing
does happen in North Korea.

You criticised Kim Jong-un
inside North Korea, in Pyongyang.

And in the area that their power
works, in the area they control,

so you were expelled from Pyongyang.

We're not going to make
any statements now...

'By the time we land in Beijing,

'news of my expulsion
has been flashed around the world.'

..but just relieved to be out.

'Pyongyang has published
my apology letter to humiliate me

'and to show other journalists
the danger of stepping out of line.'

REPORTERS ASK QUESTIONS

Sorry, guys.

A few weeks later,
I'm in South Korea,

heading towards
the border with the north.

As long as
Kim Jong-un remains in power,

this border post will be
as close as I can get.

I didn't go to North Korea
to try and get into trouble

or to insult the leadership.

I went to try and understand
how the country works,

to try and see
beyond the normal facade.

Instead, what I found is that facade
is bigger and more elaborate

than I had ever thought.

SINGING

Pyongyang's giant shows of unity
mask a deep insecurity.

North Korea's economy is improving,

but life for most here remains harsh.

Many now know they are poorer
and less free

than people in South Korea
and even China.

The cult of the Kim dynasty
is unchallenged,

but is maintained through fear,

backed up by nuclear weapons.

Captions (c) SBS Australia 2017

This program is live captioned by Ericsson Access Services. Tonight on The Feed. Why is the Commonwealth Games struggling to find a host city, and is can Michael Hing save themThere's better been a better time for you to host an event that hark bes back to a bygone era. What is it like to live with a broken brain? Not just relearning how to walk and talk, but how to feel. This Bulldog can be very helpful with that.I'm not the only one with anxiety and fears and depression. Even animals have fears. And it's the triumphant rush of 2016's open good news story, Boaty McBoatface is back, but how? Well, The Feed starts now.

Direct from SBS studios, my name is Marc Fennell.And my name is Laura Murphy-Oates. And that means you are watching The Feed for Tuesday, 14th March. Also coming up, Coopers Brewery have issued an apology for what is it called? Biblegate? Beerghazi. But first, the South Australian government is going to spend half a billion to solve their energy crisis. This is a crisis that is emerging in the National Electricity Market. People expect the South Australian government to step up and take control. And we're doing it with this plan.Instead of paying existing power plants to stay open, they plan to build and run its own brand spanking new gas-fired power plant. The state's energy minister will get greater powers to control supply, including ordering them to switch on and keep supplying. In a move straight out of Elon Musk's play book, the state will build Australia's largest battery storage reserve.There is no future in coal.The state owned gas plant is designed to stabilise South Australia's energy supplies can can be switched on in cases of emergency.The National Electricity Market is broken because no-one wants to invest in new generation. We have accepted that.The Premier says the changes won't be an extra cash grab from consumers. There's a lot of serious discussions to have