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in regular communication with our counterparts on that. We have no indication of any change in that regard and I don't expect there to be. As I've said, we have an issue in this context in the military context. We are working very hard to overcome that and to restore the relationship. Thanks very much, ladies and gentlemen. Don't get too wet.

This program is live captioned by Ericsson Access Services. Hello and welcome. That was a live media conference from Sydney with the Defence Minister, Marise Payne, in response to Indonesia's shock announcement to suspend military cooperation with Australia. Excuse me. The Defence Minister has said throughout the day Australia has not recruited Indonesian soldiers. Training in Australia as spies in the wake of this shock suspension of military cooperation. She said an inquiry will ensue after this. Let's cross live now for the latest on this. Can you please go through the details as to what the Defence Minister went through then?Look, that's the second time we've heard from the Defence Minister this morning. She has provided a few more details about when the Australian Government first knew about this and what the row is actually all about. Now, she said it's an unfortunate incident and that tukrd over some training material that was on display at the SES headquarters in Perth. That is where Indonesia's troops train with the SAS. Now she did confirm the material in question is about the Indonesian province of West Papua and it had caused concern to one of the Indonesian officers back in November who raised it with his superiors. They've raised it with Australia. She said an inquiry is under way. There were some earlier concerns raised by an Indonesian army chief about Australia potentially recruiting Indonesian soldiers training here as spies. The Defence Minister has repeatedly this morning dismissed that concern and outright denied it on ABC Radio and said that is not the case.We heard during that media conference that the Minister said that the relationship between the two countries is still constructive. That's exact leal right. Listening to some of the language she used there, it would appear that Australian Defence officials behind the scenes are scrambling to repair this relationship. So spoke about taking this concern very seriously. She said this relationship is of particular importance to her. She said that she regrets that this has happened and that the training material needs to be culturally appropriate. She said she will personally ensure that is the case. And that the offending material has been removed. So we hear Marise Payne's language and the Defence Minister's language very much wanting to repair this very important relationship with Indonesia. Let's listen to what she had to say in that press conference. I think if you understand that the concerns were raised through TNI and then back to the Australian military at the end of November and then the beginning of December. The chief of the Indonesian military wrote to the CDF on December 9, I think. The chief of Army here in Australia instituted an inquiry. The inquiry is under wa. It's had to receive information from the Australian and Indonesian side. To be fair I think you would appreciate we have had the Christmas and New Year period as well. But it is very close to finalisation. When that is finalised we'll go back to the Indonesians with that and proceed from there.So when exactly did the Government first find out about Indonesian suspending military cooperation with Australia?Look, that's a very good question. Our defence reporter spoke to senior military officials yesterday who were taken completely by surprise at this announcement. But Marise Payne in that press conference indicated that she knew about this issue back in November. We know that. Then she also said there were some early indications that the relationship would be suspended. She pointed to a few things. One of them was the cancellation of a visit by some staff college students to Australia and she expressed doubt or concern that perhaps the multilateral military exercises with Indonesia may not go ahead. So it seems like while sthe didn't answer the questions specifically it seems like Australia may have had some early indications that things were heading this way.Before we let you go, is there any idea of the timing of this inquiry?Look, she's been at pains today to say it is very close to completion and she expects to notify the Indonesians of the outcome very soon. We don't have an exact time frame but you would imagine given the escalation in this situation that there would certainly be placing this as a matter of the highest priority.Thank you very much. Police in PNG have defended their treatment of two asylum seekers who were injured during an arrest on New Year's Eve. The men say they were badly beaten and are now terrified of staying on Manus Island. The bruising on these men is plain to see. The Iranian asylum seekers say their injuries are a result of a severe beating by Papua New Guinea police. TRANSLATION: I tried to cover my face to protect it but they pulled my hands open so they could hit me in the face. TRANSLATION: When he punched me in the face I felt a bad dislocation in my nose. It was very painful. I became dizzy and I put my head down. I looked down and my pants were filled with blood.The two men were hurt while being arrested on New Year's Eve. Police say they were intoxicated and abusive. They've been charged with being drunk and disorderly and resisting arrest.The two known refugees from thiran nationality were drunk and walking along the main road, causing nuisance to the public.The Manus Island police commander says police used reasonable force to make the arrest.They were so violent at the time that the police had to use reasonable force to get them on to the police vehicle and bring them to the police station.Police say they're dealing with an increasing number of incidents now that asylum seekers and refugees are free to move around the island. This case comes just a week after the death of a young Sudanese refugee from the Manus Island detention centre. It's added to existing fears about the men's safety and their access to medical care. Some refugees have been told they'll have the chance to be resettled in the US but that process isn't going to start until next month. These two asylum seekers are unlikely to go to the US because their refugee claims have been rejected. Instead they're headed to court to plead not guilty and strongly deny police allegations they were drunk and violent. A 34-year-old man is in hospital with serious injuries after falling down a rock face on Sydney's North Shore. Police are investigating whether alcohol was a factor in the accident. Police and paramedics were called here to Kirribilli on Sydney's North Shore 1:30 this morning after receiving reports a man had fallen down a rock face. It appears as though he has tumbled down from the lookout just above me and police say he became wedged between the rock face and this walkway. Neighbours we've spoken to say they were woken up by one of the man's friends screaming for help.I remember hearing once in my andlep thought it was weird. Then I came out and it seemed like he had been going around for a little while trying to find someone to come out and help.Paramedics treated the man here before taking him to Royal North Shore Hospital where he's in a serious condition. Police are investigating whether alcohol may have been a factor and they were down here earlier, taking photos of where the accident happened and also collecting empty alcohol bottles that had been left behind. One of the other neighbours we have spoken to said she asked a group of men to be quiet shortly before it happened because they were taking too much noise.Yelling at one another. There was a group here on the andet another group up there. I thought 1:00am in the morning, you don't do this kind of thing.Police have asked anyone who may have witnessed what happened to contact them. A man has been charged after setting fire to 40 poky machines at a hotel in hospital on Wednesday night. The clone-up is going on -- clean-up is going on. Police arrested a 25-year-old local man after investigating the incident that happened here at the Royal Hotel last night. Police will allege he had been spending time at the hotel before he left and returned at about 8:30. They said that's when petrol was poured on top of pokies before they were set alight. Three of the pokies were completely destroyed and dozens of others were severe leaf damaged. The man has faced court sdepood has been remanded in custody -- severely damaged. The man has faced court today and has been remanded in custody. Management of the hotel said they did work to put out the fire as soon as they saw it happening and then they began the clean-up late into the night. They hope the pokies' room will be up and running by this afternoon. 2016 was officially the fourth hottest year on record in Australia. Above average rainfall across the country as well. The bureau of meteorology's annual climate statement said Australia's average mean temperature was above the norm. 2016 was the warmest year on record for Sydney. While parts of South Australia recorded the wettest year on record. Annual rainfall levels were 17% above average. And sea surface temperatures were 0. 77 degrees above the national average. On a global levenl, 2016 is expected to be the -- level, 2016 is expected to be the warmest year on record. South Australia's Education Department says a new policy for transgender, gender diverse and same-sex attracted students will be in place for the new school year. Under the policy, students will bow able to use the toilets of the gender they identify with. They will be called by their preferred name and can choose to wear the uniform of the gender they identify with. Thank you for your time today.No problems. What are some of the more specific details of this policy?Some of the more specific details you've outlined earlier and they are about ensuring that students can actually have gender neutral uniforms. They can have opportunities to be able to live in their preferred gender. But to clarify, these are usually small groups of children who have moved through the gender transitioning. We're wanting to be supportive and inclusive so that in a school setting they're supported in those day to day activities such as, as you suggested, toilets, going on camp andols just being treated appropriately.Will this be across all schools in South Australia? Well, this is for the state education system.So not just high school?Well, the legislation that is behind this policy applies to all schools but more likely it will be enacted in secondary schools.How will a school decide if a student, I guess, qualifies as transgender Yeah. That's not the decision of the Education Department. Often this is a Health Department issue. We work with our health colleagues where there has been a child or a young person who is transitioning. And generally they've been under the care of health professionals who determine that this is a really important issue that they now need transition gender. And we've had stories of this in the media where children have successfully transitioned - a small number. When it's at that point that's when the Education Department steps in and provides the sort of support students require. We don't get involved in the early stage of it but we provide the support when the child has transitioned.What are some of the concerns and some of the barriers to successfully formulating this policy?Some of the concerns would be that because it is a small number of students, the reasons why we did the policy was for many schools or principals or families and teachers, they don't see this very often and they felt they wanted to be consistent so many parents and teachers would contact the Department saying, "I'm not sure what to do. How do I do the right thing?" That was one of the real reasons we went forward to have clear policies and procedures linked to the discrimination legislation. The barriers can be that we wanted to have this as part of our anti-bullying suite. It's part of a broader anti-bullying policy. We know from all the research that this cohort of young people are more likely to be bullied in a school setting. So we also want to set the scene to ensure it's a safe and inclusive and supportive school setting.Do you think this new legislation will be followed by other states?I wouldn't be at all surprised. As you can see from other jurisdictions, some of them have similar things. We all enact the differently.
Commonwealth legislation differently. I'm pretty sure Victoria already has andom of the other states will follow suit I'm sure.Before we let you go, what's the reaction been to this?Well, mixed, as you'd expect. It's seen as a controversial subject. So we have got some people that think it's a great idea and think it's about time. We have students saying that as well. We have parents expressing concern about a policy they think may impact adversely. Parents in governing councils and schools will be part of enacting the policy. It's not about fear, it's about a safe and supportive environment at a school setting.Thanks for the chat. Thank you.Overseas now. Israel's PM has called for a soldier convicted of manslaughter for killing a wounded Palestinian attacker to be pardoned. The Israeli soldier shot the Palestinian who had been injured from his involvement on an attack. Some viewers may find this footage distressing. It's minutes after two young Palestinian men with knives attacked Israeli soldiers in Hebron. Both have been shot. One is dead. One is clearly still alive. The sergeant, a 19-year-old medic, helped treat a wounded soldier. Then he did this. A single bullet to the head killed the man. Today the sergeant was in a military court, smiling to see a friend and his mother. He was found guilty of manslaughter. Judges rejected the soldier's claim the Palestinian posed a threat and decide he shot him out of revenge. But the sergeant has loyal backers in a country where most young people do military service. They achuz army of abandoning one of its -- they accuse the army of abandoning one of its own.They guy came to do an attack. To hurt his family. This soldier is a hero.Even the Israeli defence minister spoke of this as a difficult verdict. Before taking up his post he made clear his support of the sergeant. And that caused tensions with the top brass here in the military headquarters. They said they command according to andruls an ethical code, not public opinion. Such a high-profile trial of a soldier for killing a Palestinian is very unusual in Israel. The outcome was welcomed this family. TRANSLATION: I feel like any father would feel, after seeing my son executed on TV, murdered. It's so hard to see that. No-one can endure this. It's still hard for me every time I remember what happened. If he died instantly it would have been much easier.The sergeant's crime took place during a wave of Palestinian attacks when there was a national debit about how to respond. And his case has proved highly divisive. When he's sentsed the maximum he could serve is 20 years in jail but he's expected to get far less and already some prominent politicians in Israel are calling for a pardon. German police have arrested a Tunisian man over the Berlin Christmas market attack. The arrest follows raids on the man's home earlier this week. The 26-year-old is believed to have had dinner with the main attacker, Anis Amri, a day before he killed 12 people. A former flatmate is being investigated after a separate raid on a home in Berlin. Turkish authorities say they've detained 20 suspected militants from Islamic State as they tine hunt for the gunman who killed 39 -- they continue to hunt for the gunman who killed 39 people. The men from central Asia and North Africa were arrested in the coastal city of Izmir. In India police have detained at least six suspects after several women were molested during New Year's Eve celebrations in Bangalore. The arrests come after video emerged of bystanders watching a woman being attacked by two men. In a separate incident, several women complained they were groped and assaulted by a mob of men. One implied the victim's clothes had provoked the attacks, saying the women were acting like Westerners. In New York a commuter train has derailed during peak hour, injuring more than 100 people. Passengers have told local media there was a loud bang and a jolt to send people flying across the carriages as the train pulled into the Atlantic Terminal in Brooklyn. The New York Governor says the train was travelling at a fairly slow speed when it failed to stop on time and struck a buffer at the station. Transport officials say it's not clear what caused the derailment. Let's take a look at business news now. Demand for new cars at a new record high.Yes lorkts of that demand is being boosted because of low interest rates. More people taking out car loans but all the growth has come from business. More demand for sports utility vehicles and commercial vehicles. Nearly 1.2 million new cars, SUVs and commercial vehicles were sold in 2016. That's up 2% from 2015, although sales did fall in December. It's the seventh year in a row that Australians have bought more than 1 million cars. Toyota was the most popular brand. The Toyota Hilux the top selling vehicle with just over 42,000 sales.Moving overseas now. The US Central Bank, there's concerns they may raise interest rates faster than expected?That's right. They've pencilled in about three rate rises this year. They said it would be gradual but because of the Trump Administration's plans to boost spending, they may have to raise rates faster. So the minutes from the US Federal Reserve's meeting last month shows the Fed thinks economic growth could be stronger than predicted with a rise in spending likely to fuel inflation. They're looking at more rapid rises in interest rates to combat price rises. Donald Trump has promised tax cuts, infrastructure spending and deregulation. The Federal Reserve raised interest rates last month and pencilled in another three rate rises this year. A good day on the markets here?Yes. The markets have boosted and a more bullish stance by the Federal Reserve. Let's look at the charts.

Thank you.Thank you.US President Barack Obama and Vice-President-elect Mike Pence have held visits to Congress as the outgoing President fights to preserve his legacy. Republicans have long plotted to repeal the health care law known as Obamacare, arguing it's too costly and stifles consumer choice. But even Donald Trump has warned his party to exercise care before scrapping it altogether. Republicans are wasting no time dismantling Barack Obama's legacy. 16 days before the new President takes office, they've already introduced a bill to repeal the outgoing President's healthcare reforms.The Senate is poised to pass a repeal resolution that will set the stage for true legislative relief from Obamacare.Republican leaders say the measures have failed to deliver.This is about people paying higher premiums every year. It's about families paying doctors that are so high and it doesn't feel like you have health insurance in the first place.The Affordable Air Act is Barack Obama's signature domestic accomplishment. Now in his administration's dying days, Democrats are fighting to preserve his legacy.The Republican plan to cut healthcare wouldn't make America great again, it would make America sick again.You don't destroy a House without having another -- house by having another house in which people to live. You don't throw people out of the health care without having a plan to provide health care to those people.Donald Trump has thrown in his two cents worth on Twitter:

The President-elect has promised to preserve some elements of Obamacare despite promising to repeal it entirely during his campaign. Time now for sport. And in test cricket the SCG is awash for pink for the annual McGrath Day. What's happening on the pitch?Unfortunately we haven't had the action we were hoping for. Rain has spoiled it. And the ground staff are working overtime this morning. The water from those huge covers will be just tipped on the grass and it drains so well now on that magnificent Sydney Cricket Ground. The tourists are fighting back. Yesterday was another day to remember for this man, Peter Handscomb. He made 110 in a controlled innings. He's going from strength to strength. Averages over 100 now. Unfortunately look at how he got out here. Clipping the bail while playing a shot. Pretty unlucky stuff. But it was a day to remember and he got a great applause when he left the ground. One of those applauding him was Bob Hawke who enjoyed yesterday's action. The 87-year-old showing he still has skills from his younger days. He joined ABC Grandstand's commentary team. He fired off a warning shot. He said too much cricket is being played and he islution a bit of interest, saying they need to schedule less cricket to make it more special when it is played.Did anyone support those calls?I support the calls. It's a bit of a growing feeling amongst the cricket public out there that there's too much. Maybe that's something they need to look at.Apologies but I'll ask you to keep talking about cricket right now. The Big Bash champions kept their dreams alive? They did very we. The Thunder were pretty good last night. They posted their first win of the season. It started well for the Stars. Kevin Pietersen on the attack. He scored 60 off just 37 deliveries. He was brilliantly caught and bowled by Shane Watson when he was eventually dismissed. The Stars' innings fell away. Look at this. Watson impressed with 3/23. The Thunder came out to bat. Another English player - Eoin Morgan, he didn't miss out. It ended up being a final ball. He needed a 4 to tie, a 6 to win. He enjoyed every bit of it too. The Thunder have kept their slim BBL hopes alive. It was Morgan's final appearance for the Thunder before he rejoins thengland squad. I should mention that the Melbourne Renegades had a 5-wicket win over the Perth Scorchers.Let's move on to the EPL. Tottenham hosted Chelsea.A beauty. A match of high intensity and that's what panned out. Such a big clash. Chelsea were chasing their 14th win in a row. They could have extended their lead to eight points but it was Spurs who showed great aggression and they net intensity of Chelsea. They were rewarded right on the stroke of half-time. Some grat lead-up play here. Look at that. He's about to head home a beautiful powerful header and left the kerp with no chance. The defence were too keen to push out on that occasion. The play-maker is flying at the moment. His quick feet, you forget he's 6 foot 3 and he popped up for a second header and it put the result beyond doubt. The England midfielder has seven depols in his last four EPL -- goals in his last four EPL games. Tottenham are up to third.A bit of a surprise. Roger Federer was beaten?By a 19-year-old. Switzerland still managed to win their Hopman Cup tie but anything but easy for the former world number 1, Federer, who suffered a shock loss in three sets. He has beaten Federer twice on the circuit. Second loss to the German and the Swiss star went down in three sets. He relied on his teammate who had a win. The Swiss pair then won a mixed doubled to claim their second victory of the Hopman Cup. The women's number one won in three sets. Russia saw off the challenge of Dest an. Look out for her at the Australian Open. And the Australian wildcard here defeated David Ferrer. The 22-year-old is number 79 in the world and beat the former world number 34-6, 7-5, 7-5.I think this next story is my favourite sports story. I can say for the year.I was about to say for the year.A new cycling world record.It's gone to a 105-year-old ever-young gentleman. The Frenchman has created a new world record by cycling the furtherest distance in an hour. He holds the unique cycling record for someone aged over 100 and aged over 105. He holds the double. Hundreds of people cheered him on as he travelled more than 22km. Look at him go. He puts his health and long life down to a low meat diet and an hour of exercise on the bicycle every day. Well done. What a champion.Fabulous efforts. Thank you. Let's take a quick look at the weather:

These are the top stories. Australia's Defence Minister has rejected claims Australia has been recruiting members of the Indonesian military as agents of influence after a surprise suspension of military cooperation. An investigation is under way in to what's been described as insulting training materials on display at the SES headquarters in Perth. But an Indonesian Army chief has raised concerns Australia is trying to recruit his troops as insiders. Senator Payne says the fears are unfounded. Police on Papua New Guinea's Manus Island have defended their treatment of two asylum seekers who were arrested on New Year's Eve. The two Iranian men are due to face court today on charges of being drunk and disorderly and resisting arrest. Both men said they had not been drink and were beaten after they argued with immigration officers. A 34-year-old man has been rescued from a rock face in Kirribilli overnight after he was seriously injured in a fall. Police are treating the incident as an accident and alcohol may have played a role. And the Bureau of Meteorology has confirmed 2016 was the fourth hottest year on record for Australia. The bureau has released its annual climate statement which shows Australia's national mean temperature was 0.87 degrees above average. 2016 was the hottest year on record for Sydney, Brisbane, Darwin and Hobart. The report also shows there was bsk average rainfall across the country last year. Thousands of Australia's most spectacular cars are rolling into Canberra for the 30th anurous Summernats. Organisers say they've -- annual Summernats. Organisers say they're expecting their biggest ever event. Tom, what can the crowds expect for their first day of the Summernats?Well, Summernats has kicked off. We had the city crews roll down. 300 of these extraordinary cars rumbling down the main street of Canberra and thousands of people lining the avenue to check them out as they go by. We have had more than 2400 cars register this year. That's a record. We're expecting more than 100,000 people to flock into Canberra just to check them out. Things will really kick off this afternoon when the burnout competition starts up. I have already been told that's one of the real highlights of Summernats. That's what people come to see. There's the Horsepower Heroes and the Body Ink competition as well. Sometimes it's about the best tattoos on show as well. A few bands are lined up to play. Thirsty Merc and others. It will bow a huge four days down here in Canberra. Something for everyone at Summernats. How is Canberra handling the arrival of Summernats?You can't really help but notice Summernats when it turns up. Canberra can empty out over the summer months and Summernats fills it right back up. The cars are colourful and the people can be just as colourful. Summernats has had a few reputation issues in the past. Some bad behaviour here and there. The organisers have tried to make it family friendly. They haven't had many issues at all. They're looking forward to a really smooth, really fun four days down here.Many thanks. Queensland women in regional and remote areas are 40 to 60% more likely to experience delays in breast cancer diagnosis than women in the city, according to a recently published study. The research also found that for some women it's possible that work commitments are hindering making and keeping medical appointments. Thank you for your time today.Pleasure.It's not just women in remote areas who are experiencing delays.No. The stud eaf looked at a range of women and it was a population-based study and recruited 3,300 women from around Queensland who had been diagnosed with breast cancer. And study found women who were in rural Australia, an area of social disadvantage, or who were Indigenous were, as you just mentioned, 40% to 60% more likely to experience a delay in definitive diagnosis and breast cancer.What sort of days are we talking in these delays?The delays vary. I think some of the studies, some of the women experienced delays of over 30 days. What's important is to recognise that in Queensland, as around Australia, most women are diagnosed within 14 days. What was important for us was to try and understand the differential between what happens in the capital cities and&what happens in rural areas and whether women ded tected a lump or whether they were diagnosed through a mammogram. There were delays for women who were in the country, in regions, or who were Indigenous women.What are the ramifications of these delays?I think dollar are ramifications. Previous studies have shown that a delay in dying snos more likely to lead later stage disease. We need to get women diagnosed and treated as soon as possible so we get the best possible outcome from that treatment. What we demed is to make sure that we translate the findings of this research into locally based initiatives to ensure women, no matter where they are, if they're in this target group are diagnosed with this disease as soon as possible. Before we go on to initiatives on how you can fix the problem, why are these women experiencing almost double the amonth of time of diagnosis in the bush than those women in the city?It's a good question. It's not just one thing. I mean, for those women who we spoke to 3,300 women. And for those women who detected a symptom themselves and presented at their GP office, what we found was that many of them knew about a lump but weren't fully familiar with all the signs and symptoms of breast cancer. Like a change in the shape of their breast, discharge or pain that's unusual. What we need to do is make sure that we continue those educational programs and practice it so that women are aware of all the signs and symptoms. If women detect something, they need to report as soon as possible to a local GP. These are some of the reasons we need to address.Some of those initiatives you were discussing, the research highlights the need target women most at risk of delays in diagnosis. Is it just about education or more about getting GPs out to these women? What do you think the solution is?Well, the solution is going to be many facetted. Some of the things are about women themselves. About their behaviours and education. Women needing to be breast aware and proactive about their own health and participating in screening programs where they're eligible. Some of the other answers and issues are about system-related things. Access to primary health care in rural Australia and rural Queensland. If a GP detect something which they feel is suspicious, to make sure those general practitioner have access to the next step of diagnostic procedure, to make sure you get a definitive diagnosis as son as possible.This is always very costly - access to GPs and diagnostic resources in remote areas. Is there enough money coming from Government or the states to improve the situation?Well, I mean, what this study tells us is there are things we can do. What we need to do and by we that's the whole thing - the Government, health care provide, universities, research, everyone, need to look at the finding of this research and find novel and innovative ways to educate these women and ensure there's access for GPs and make sure GPs have access to the downstream dine nostic procedures. -- diagnostic procedures.Many thanks for your insight?My pleasure.5.5 years after the nucheer disaster in Fukushima Japan -- nuclear disaster in Fukushima, Japan is still deciding whether to use its nuclear reactors. This year up to six more plants were due to open but there are huge doubts about whether they will ever be turned on. Japan has invested a lot of money in nuclear power generation, dating back as far as the 1960s. By 2011 a third of Japan's energy needs were being met by its fleet of 54 nuclear reactors scattered around the country. But when disaster struck at Fukushima, the government ordered all nuclear plants to shut down for a safety review. Now four nuclear reactors have restarted. 11 are being decommissioned. 22 are still under a safety review. While the fate of another 20 is yet to be decided. There is a plan to start five or six more reactors in 2017 but PM Abe and the government and the utility industry experienced a lot of difficulties this year. There was public opposition to restarting the reactors.That public opposition was amplified when a major earthquake hit that same region only a few months after the power plant restarted.I think the Japanese Government will be forced to change its energy policy just because the reality. This can't go on indefinitely.The government has said very little in recent months about its energy policy. PM Abe hopes 20% of Japan's future energy needs will be met by nuclear power but that target is looking increasingly hard to achieve. While the nuclear authority has given the go ahead for some reactors to be switched back on. Local people and politicians are raising their voices in protest. Scientists have finally unearthed a way to determine the age of lobsters and giant crabs. Normally these creatures shed their exo skeleton, leaving little to no clues of their age. Good to see you. Thank you.How was the age of giant crabs and lobsters discovered?Well, as you said, the problem is when they take their exo skeleton off, as they go, or even when they're older and don't grow very much, they have stuff on their outside skin, skeleton, if you like, so there's nothing really to measure. Even fish, you have the ear plugs which have got little rings on them that you can tell the age. And so people were perplexed how you can find this. An associate professor from the Southern Cross University was wondering about this when he found a student who worked this out. The student had been looking at crayfish and found there was a little bit of skeleton in the tummy. And that grew by a little bit each year. So they then had to do a test. You have to wait two years to see whether the thing actually grows and this was the clue and it shows you how you can measure the age of lobsters and giant crabs as well.So the secret's in the tummy?Very much so. You ask yourself why do you want to know this?Why is it so important?Two reasons. One of them is generally ecological. If you have a population, you want to find out whether it is flourishing or not. If you're culling the crop of lobsters of this time of year, everyone having seafood for Christmas, you want to know how much you can take out by depleting the population. What they did with fish that turned out to be twice as old as your grandmother, the ones you used to see in the supermarket, if they're slow breeding you can wipe out the crop in no time if you're not careful and work out how old they are which in this case with big lobsters turns out to be 35, 40 years for a really old one.Apart from looking after certain populations and making sure we don't wipe them out, what else can scientists do with this information? You can actually look, apart from the fact it is extremely interesting working out how these creatures that we've taken for granted so long actually age. But also you can see how the ecology and how they're linked to all sorts of other creatures. In Western Australia, suddenly the population of lobsters crashed. And the fishers didn't know why. There's a whole living to do with the population of people who depend on these creatures. They need to make sure that they crop just what you need and no more to sustain it.Would it be a crass question to ask whether or not restaurants or chefs might want to know a 10-year-old lobster is betterthen a 20-year-old lobster for taste?Their experience is it doesn't really matter because you can't tell the difference. They just continue being, lobsters are different from prawns, prawns taste much the same and don't live all that long by the time you've cropped them. They can't tell much of a difference, as least as far as I know, from an old lobster and a new one.If you're lucky enough to be eating lobster anyway. How old are the biggest lobsters and the crabs?The crabs are at least, the giant ones from Tasmania, 50 years old-plus. So let's say 65 if you're lucky. But what you've got to do when you're measuring this, imagine you're in a laboratory and you can't hang around for 50 years doing your scientific experiment. They've waited two years. What they're doing is estimated now roughly what they might be. An upper limit of 35, 40 for lobsters and about 50, 60 for giant crabs.You mentioned this all came about with the help of a student and scientists often rely on the public to help them gather information. But some citizen scientists are feeling a bit used and abused?You have the turn around where as you get scientists being depleted, the young people in schools, these students at university, even though our science is fantastic in Australia, so far so good, nonetheless the numbers are depleting and we're depending on more and more of the public. Vicky Martin finishing her PhD the other week, again at Lismore Southern Cross University, has found this wonderful resource of asking members of the public between the ages of 6 or 60 or 96 even, to record what's around them. Going back to marine science. If you take pictures of what you see on the shoreline, birds, crabs, seaweed, you're beginning to notice change and you record that and you send it into the scientists. They've kept a record which started in Tasmania, and then went for the whole of Australia. And that is a fantastic record which they've got in any number of subjects to track what's going on. Far more than scientists on their own could use. When you've got thousands of members of the public taking part, you've got to give them some sort of feedback, otherwise they feel abused. Vicky Martin said many of them feel burned about being used without the feedback. What they're doing now is to make sure our resource is maintained of this wonderful public brain is to make sure that they're recognised and that they're in touch with each other and the scientists. Because this seems to be the way forward.So keep up the 2-way relationship and support each other? I'm afraid we're out of time. Fascinating information there today. Thank you very much. Thank you. Lovely.Overseas now. US President Barack Obama has bid farewell to the US armed forces at a ceremony in Virginia. At the full honour review, the US President was presented with the Medal of Distinguished Public Service by Ash Carter, before addressing military leaders for the final time. He will hand over his title as Commander-In-Chief to Donald Trump on January 21. In his speech Mr Obama called for a smooth transition to the Trump Sgrrgz acknowledged his successor will inherit major conflicts against Islamic State in Syria and Iraq, as well as continued involvement in Afghanistan. WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange has reiterated his claim that Russia was not the source for his site's mass leak of DemocraticPerty emails in the run-up to the US presidential election. Mr Assange told Fox News that Hillary Clinton and her chairman made almost no attempts to keep their private emails safe.His password was the word password. His own staff said this email that you have received, this is totally legit M. So this is something a 14-year-old kid, a 14-year-old kid could have hacked Podesta that way. She made ol moist no attempt to keep them secure from states. Was she trying to keep them secure from the Republicans? Probably. But in terms of foreign states, almost no attempt.2016 was a good year for animation, super natural flicks, eccentric characters and the return to quirky. It dished up a number of blockbusters, many of which were fizzers. The best and worst films of last year. Good to see you.Hi.We might kick off with one of the quirkier ones that caught your attention, the Hunt For The Wilder People.Sam Neil delivering this extraordinary Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid as told by a quirky New Zealand comedy tale. It came out of left field. Basically without trying to be too patronise, no-one really knows quite what next is going to come out of New Zealand. Went from this to directing and delivered this extraordinary piece. It's got so much andhart comedy. Unfortunately it hasn't quite managed to get international attention for awards season which we might have hoped. But it is such a great film and everyone should be loosh this up. Very much best film of last year. It's definitely a big one for my kids. They enjoyed it. Something that's getting lot of international attention and more recently released, you are talking about Lala Land as the best magical story. It's nice to have a bit of magic in your life?This was my other favourite film for the year. Ryan Gosling and Emma Stone. A lot of people are calling it a '50s style musical. It's so much more than that. He's brought this extraordinary knowledge of jazz to this, both in the style of music and in the storytelling as we. It starts in a traditional music format and feels so traditional you know where it's going. Then it grows organically into this complicated thing that you can see exactly why they're dubbed for Oscar honours. The film is looking like an Oscar favourite. At the same time it doesn't have that meaningful, woeful thing that quite often drags a lot of audiences down when they're watching a good film. This is fun. Great romance and skill.Not 2UE at all?It intentionally -- twee at all? It intentionally starts twee. But it's very much done with intent and starts big and empty. But then it gets smaller and more complicated and much smarter but still maintains its heart. By the end of it you are completely surprised but loving it so much more.OK, best animated movie is a little known title.It was such an amazing year for animation. There are so many good films. Whe Finding Dory, Sing, Trolls, Moana. Zootopia was brilliant as well. In the middle of that, a film that got very little box office attention was this film and it's now getting awards' attention. What I can say is anyone who likes playing along at Oscars time, this is a great one to look up on home entertainment. The heart in this is extraordinary. You will cry like an absolute baby with this one but in that way that you love to do. Visually it is stunning. It's captured a Japanese style of storytelling and feels halfway between computer graphics and clayimation. Totally original storytelling. I love this to bits. There was even a great animated documentary hast year about the way Disney films helped an autistic child. It was that much better than the rest.Let's talk about the bad and the ugly? Suicide Squad hits your top of the list for the worst blockbuster?It was such a terrible North American summer last year. As sort of that May-June demims around, we're expecting the big popcorn flicks out of North America. We got this dirge of awfulness. The only sort of good thing you could say was at least it wasn't a sequel. This was a Dirty Dozen concept, built around the DC universe. This was their effort to build a bigger universe and it loocd so good in the trailer, which is why so many critics attacked it when we saw how unfunny and unfun it was. It was funny because there was backlash where fans 3rd critical reaction, assumed all the critics couldn't take a good joke, then went and saw the film. It did in a perverse way did quite good box office and the fans were saying that it was a terrible film. Sometimes critics can be pointy headed and we don't recognise the popcorn flicks as much as we should, but it was a health warning for everyone.Your other two that come down at the bottom is X-Men Apocalypse and Ben Hur?Yes. The X-Merchb franchise has mostly been good. -- X-Men franchise has mostly been good. This was a dud. No-one has explained why Ben Hur had to be made? It was a series of more questions which began with why, why, why?Maybe that will never be answered.We're certainly not going to get Ben Hur 2.Thank you very much for coming into the studio. Thank you very much.Let's time for the latest weather now.

There's thick cloud in the tropics and an active monsoon and it's generating heavy rain and storms in the Kimberley and north-east Queensland. Cloud over the NSW coast is bringing showers. In Western Australia, troughs are derog hot winds to the south of the state. Very warm winds and thunder to South Australia and Victoria today:

Very heavy falls possible in the Pilbara. Rain also for the North Coast of NSW. The outlook for tomorrow:

that heat continuing around the south of the country. South Australia and Victoria to warm up over the weekend. Many thanks. Tourists from around the world are starting to descend on the Chinese city for its annual snow festival. Ice carvers have been putting the finishing touches on their sculptures ahead of the festival's official opening today. Around 15 million people are expected to attend the event over the next two months to view the sculptures. Some of which are 150 feet high. But visitors to the festival will have to rug up with temperatures in the city often falling below 25 degrees Celsius. That is the latest from ABC News. Thank you for your company today.