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Good morning and welcome to ABC News Breakfast. It's Thursday. Great to have your company this morning. I'm Paul Kennedy.And I'm Ali Moore. Glad you could join us. Making the news today - Australia races to mend relations with Jakarta as it emerges that Indonesia's military may have acted alone in severing ties.A man in a critical condition after falling down a cliff on Sydney Harbour.Fears for a man swept away in Flood waters as parts of North Queensland are drenched by rain. Also ahead - Beijing chokes through a second day of toxic smog, following weeks of winter air pollution.Peter Handscomb's dream run continues as the Victorian notches another century on Day 2 of the third test against Pakistan.The Turnbull Government is racing to mend relations with Indonesia after the country's military announced an immediate suspension of ties with Australia. The move came after Indonesia's military chief took offence to training material on display at SAS head quarters in Perth, concerning the Indonesian province of West Papua.But it appears the military acted alone. A spokesman for the President Joko Widodo has told Reuters it was not presidential decision and the issue had been exaggerated, and the country's Defence Minister says he wasn't consulted.Meanwhile, the ABC can reveal Indonesia's military chief believes Australian m Il interest I is using joint training to recruit the top soldiers. Adam Harvey reports. On the surface it appears Australia and Indonesia's relationship had recovered by live exports and executions, but now there seems to be there has been trouble brewing for some time. The mill tree chief is clearly suspicious of Australia's motives when it says it wants to help. The ABC says he obtained footage which make it is clear.TRANSLATION: Every time there is a training program, like recently the best 5 or 10 students would be sent to Australia. That happened before I was chief, so I let that happen. Once I became chief of the national forces it did not happen again. They will certainly be recruited. They will certainly be recruited.One of the most sensitive topics in Indonesia is West Papua and the struggle there for independence. The general clearly believes the Australian military instructors sided with the West Papuans over the rest of Indonesia.TRANSLATION: My officer was told to be assigned over there, to teach Indonesian. He protested. He was taught there that Papua was a nation that is going to get independent dns because they are not Indonesia. Like that. So clearly they will recruit them.The general's feeling about West Papua and his suspicion about the real motives for Australia's help for into he shah could explain why Indonesia has acted so severely and suspended all military ties between the two nations.Obviously there will be some political reaction this morning as well. We will bring you up to date as the developments come through this morning, so good morning to you the We will be talking about a lot more on the program this morning, including speaking to a man behind the visual effects for Game of Thrones. His name is Glen Melenhorst, and he actually won an Emmy for best visual effects for the Battle of the Bastards episode of Game of Thrones. Ali, do you arer that one?I don't actually arer that episode, but I do remember this. You can see it on the screen now. It's how they turn a certain number of actors, horses into these thousands, the most extraordinary process. Apparently 1 second of television takes 128 hours to produce.Absolutely brilliant. That's going to be a fascinating conversation to hear about how they do it, and his company has actually done a whole lot of visual effects, for a whole lot of movies, including Deep Water Horizon and 'Red Dog' and 'Mad Max'.And the remake. When you are sitting down watching a movie saying, "I wonder how they do that"...We will tell you.Yes. Police were called to the cliffs at Kirribilli at 1.30 this morning after reports a man had fallen between a rock face and a walking track many ofThe 28-year-old has been taken to hospital with suspected head and interrible injuries.Hopes are fading for a man swept away in floodwaters in Far North Queensland. Witnesses told police the 60-year-old was last seen at 6:00pm as he was going underneath a bridge at Tolga near Atherton. Israel's PM Benjamin Netanyahu has called for a soldier convicted of manslaughter for killing a wounded Palestinian attacker to be pardoned. Sergeant Elor Azaria was 19 when he shot 21-year-old Abdul Fatah Al Sharif in the head while he was lying injured and unrm aed on a road last March. Protests have erupted in Tel Aviv over his conviction, with a football team and prominent right-wing politicians rallying in his support. Top military figures say the soldier's actions do not reflect the value of the Israeli Defence Force.In New York, a commuter train has derailed. Passengers told local media there was a loud bang and a ro jolt that sent passengers flying across the carriages as it pulled into Brooklyn. Transport officials say it's not clear what caused the derailment.In India, police have detained six suspects after several women were molested during New Year's Eve celebrations in Bangalore many In a separate incident, several women complained they were groped and assaulted by a mob of men. One senior State Government minister implied the victims' clothes provoked the attacks, saying the women were acting like Westerners. 20 suspected militants have been detained from Islamic State as the hunt continue for the gunman who killed 39 people on New Year's Eve. Turkish police say the men were arrested in is myrrh. Turkish media said the gunman spent time in Is mir before he went to Istanbul to carry out the a being ta. German authorities have arrested a Tunisian man over the Berlin Christmas market attack. The arrest follows raids on the man's room earlier this week. The 26-year-old is believed to have had dinner with the main attacker, Anis Amri, a day before he killed 12 people, but prosecutors say they don't have enough evidence to charges suspect.In Finland, a wildlife park has welcomed a rare addition, with a polar bear giving birth to a cub. It's only the second cub to be born and to survive in captivity in Finland. The first cub, Ranzo, was born to the same mother, Venus, in 2011. It now lives in Vienna's zoo.Taking a quick look at the finance:

Now let's go et to Sydney for more on the man who fell down the cliffs on North Shore. Our reporter Jade MacMillan joins us. Jade, what happened?Emergency services were called here to the Mary booth Reserve at Kirribilli on the North Shore at 1.30 this morning after reports of a man had fallen down a rock face. Neighbours in the area have told us that they were woken up by the man's friend screaming for help. They say that police and paramedics arrived a short time later. It is believed this man was 28 years old and he had fally fallen between the rock face and a walking track. He was pulled to safety and treated at the scene by ambulance officers and then taken to Royal North Shore Hospital where he is in a critical condition with suspected head and internal injuries.So emergency services were pretty quick to help when that alarm was raised? Yeah, that's right, and police are still investigating exactly what happened here. We did see a couple of police officers arrive just a short few minutes ago. They were having a look at the area, taking photos of where this accident happened and they also removed a couple of empty alcohol bottles which had been left on the grass, so police are investigating whether alcohol may have been a factor, and they are also asking anyone who may have witnessed what happened to call police.Jade, thanks for the update. Parents are being urged to talk to their children about a worrying online craze with deadly Kons qunss. The warning comes after the choking game claimed the life of a 13-year-old scooal boy in Brisbane. Lexy Hamilton-Smith has more.This boy died on Friday after playing this game where literally they choke themselves until they black out, often using a rope or a belt. It is supposed to give them some sense of euphoria because it basically denies oxygen to the brain. Doctors warned if it doesn't kill you, it can certainly cause brain damage. This boy was an avid cricket player, he loved AFL. His club and friends are in absolutely shock. His parents will pleading for privacy and they will bury him next week in a private funeral. I've likened it to a schoolyard prank where people grab around the neck and try to make them faint, but these kids are filming themselves choking themselves and then posting online. In America, 80 deaths and 1 in 16 teenagers apparently have played the game. This latest death has prompted school principals right around the counsel interest to urge parents to sit their kids down, particularly their teenage boys, and talk to them about how dangerous this game is and that literally they are risking their lives if they play it.That's really disturbing.That's shocking, absolutely shocking, if you didn't know that that was happening, I hope the craze is over, playing it.You would definitely hope so. Particularly now.The warnings have been given. Overseas now and US President Barack Obama will meet with fellow Democrats in Congress today to discuss how to protect the so-called Obamacare health reforms. Vice President elect Mike Pence and Republican House speaker Paul Ryan want to repeal or replace the Affordable Care Act when they come into power later this month.The first order of business is to repeal and replay Obamacare and that was our message today and it will be our message on Capitol Hill and it needs to be done.We know that things are only getting worse under Obamacare. This is about people paying higher premiums every year and feeling powerless to stop it. Insurance premiums are so high, it doesn't feel like you've got insurance in the first place, and even if you want better coverage, you're stuck with one option. One choice is not a choice, it is a monopoly. The health care system has been ruin, dismantled under Obamacare.Israel's PM Benjamin Netanyahu was called for a soldier convicted of of manslaughter for killing a wounded Palestinian attacker to be pardoned. The incident happened in Hebron last March after another soldier was stabbed. This report from the BBC. It's minutes after two young Palestinian men with knives attacked Israeli soldiers in had ebb Bron. Both have been shot. One is dead and one is clearly still alive. Sergeant Elor Azaria, a 19-year-old medic, helped treat a wounded soldier, and then he did this...GUNFIRE.A single bullet to the head killed Abdul Fatah Sharif. Today the sergeant was in a military court, smiling to see a friend and his mother, but soon after he was found guilty of manslaughter. Judges rejected the soldier's claim that the Palestinian posed a threat and decided he shot him out of revenge. But sergeant Azaria has loyal backers in a country where most young people do military service. They a use the army of abandoning one of its own.This guy came to do an attack, to hurt the families. This soldier is a hero.Such a high-profile trial of a soldier for killing a Palestinian is very unusual in Israel. The outcome was welcomed by the family of Abdul Fatah Sharif.TRANSLATION: I feel like any father would feel, after seeing my son executed on TV, murdered. It's so hard to see that. No-one can endure this. It's still hard for me, every time I arer what happened. If he died instantly t would be much ease whier to see him executed like that.It took place during a wave of Palestinian attacks when there was a national debate about how to respond and his case has proved highly divisive. When se sentenced, the maximum he can serve is 20 years in jail, but he is expected to get far less.Now to the front pages of the major newspapers around this country. The Guardian Australia leads with the Indonesian military suspending cooperation with Australia, with the country's military spokesman refusing to specify the reason for the split, but suggesting it won't be long-term.The 'Australian' called the move a strategic shift as the Turnbull Government races to mend relations ahead of joint naval exercisesment meant to be held next monthThe Sydney Morning Herald writes that Sydney has the unhe have I havable title of the most conjected city.Not so swell, The Age writes, that the water quality of three of Melbourne's beaches will be tested daily after the EPA found them unfit for swimming.The The Financial Review reports that more than a third of cranes seen across Australia's sky lines are billed as risky investment spots.The Courier-Mail features 21-year-old Thomas Dover who is fighting for his life after being punched in the back of a head while walking away from an argument.The Herald Sun reports on the CFA.The Advertiser reports on a Australian education policy that will add low transgender students to use their preferred names and wear uniforms of their choice.Flood fallout, the 'Mercury' writes, the Bureau of Meteorology and the SES have come under fire from two Tasmanian councils for their response to devastating floods that killed three people last year. Northern Territory News has CCTV picture of a suspect wanted by police over a fatal hit-and-run on New Year's Eve.The Daily Telegraph leads with a story of a NSW woman who allegedly crashed her four-wheel drive into her husband's drive deliberately because she thought he was having an affair.And luckiest Maen alive - the West Australian pictures Ross Chapman who fell overboard while trying to retrieve his go Pro camera. He just caught a marlin, and he jumped in, the boat kept going and he stayed in the water.It's just extraordinary.55km off land.And how long was he in the water?Six hours and the local fisherman found out what happened and saw his boat and went to look for him.His boat was still moving but he wasn't in it. Very, very lucky man.Yes, remarkable. We will be talking about social media but not in the way that...Not Donald Trump with tweets.No, not furious Trump tweeting but the fact that social media can actually help connect people in the way it was, I guess, designed originally, there has been so much commentary about how bad it can be for your mental health.Why he, this is an interesting study. They've looked at some 70 other studies and put themmal tothd and come up with - I suppose it's obvious that there are pros and cons, but the pros are in you have got some social anxiety, then this does help with interconnectedness, making people feel like they are communicating with people. There are obviously cons as well, and what will be really interesting about the interview will be trying to find out how much your response to social media depends on what state you are in when you go into social media, whether you are addicted to it, whether you are anxious before you get onto it and that sort of thing. And also details about how you might be able to pick up on sw unwho may be in distress, and interestingly the findings were that it doesn't relate to how long you spend on your phone or computer or laptop, but rather what sort ever messages are you sending out, so you might be able to pick up how someone is feeling by the way they're posting, even if they are not being out-front.Yes, perception was more important than actual reality as well, which I guess is one of the things, everyone reads messages and analyses z them in their own way and puts their own spin on it.That's true.And that can potentially be risky. Interesting interview coming up later. If you would like to get involved, the pros and cons of social media, social networking, not just talking Twitter, we are talking Facebook, Instagram, what you choose to use, contact us:

One of the about enfits right there, you can get straight to us.Yes.A shocking animal cruelty case last year where dozens of horses were found dead or dying of starvation on a property north of Melbourne. There has been something of a happy ending.The horses that survived are now thriving thanks to the efforts of an animal sanctuary. Our reporter Damian McIver paid them a visit. It's hard to believe the transformation that has taken place here. Just 9 months ago these horses were involved in one of the worst cases of animal cruelty in recent times where more than 40 horses have been found on this property. In Ballarat, at the Horse Shepherd Equine Sanctuary. Anne Young, let's start at the beginning. Wharf sort of conditions were these horses in when you first saw them?Heart bragging. The worst I've ever seen, not hard to believe that half of them were already dead before they got there, pretty shocking.How much work has gone into getting them back to this point?No, months of work, hours of work and months but well worth it.Can you talk us through the process?Yes, when they first arrived they first had to go on hay. The problem with horses starved throo ik this, the mothering instinct you want to feed them, but it is the worse thing you can do, so you've got to slowly build up with the feed and start with hay, and lots of feeds, particularly through the winter, constant feeds, small amounts so that their systems can cope.What sort of few #250ur do they have now?They have fantastic futures. Just got to find the right homes and people to show these thoroughbreds or dressage, but they are lovely horses, nice type.So some have already found horses?Yes, dressage homes, racing off the track, retrainers, and a couple of older ones that have gone out to retirement homes.After all that they've been through, what sort of temperament do they have?Well, the interesting thing, because they were so well handled, maybe they are just thankful, but they have really lovely temp pramentes, and a couple that are older to catch, but that's smart thoroughbred.And for your personally?We When you get up in the morning and you see what they look like, that's all the that you need.A great story.Those horses look pretty good now.Well done to the sanctuary for taking them on board and getting them back to health.Hats off. To the sport and plenty in the cricket wourld today. Day 3 of the SCG test coming up, and to tell us all about it, Ben Lisson is back.Gli day, big day and Mas sieve for the McGrath Foundation as well, and we will be speaking to Glenn McGrath next hour just how important that day is for raise ago wearness, everyone wearing pink. Good fun.Quite the occasion. A good day for cricket. Pakistan will resume at 2/126 against Australia on Day 3 of the third test in Sydney. A century from Peter Handscomb helped, but Pakistan showed some resistance but are still some 412 runs behind Australia's first innings total. Pat Galway has more. Matt Renshaw was the man to watch on Day 2. Fellow newcomer Peter Handscomb also looked settled, while Pakistan's fielding showed no signs of improvement.That sums up... (Laughs? . ? .Imran Khan gave his side hope when he bagged Renshaw.COMMENTATOR: Oh, there it is. It is over!The 20-year-old out for 184:It's sad that he couldn't get to double or maybe more. Debutant Hilton Cartwright had plenty of time to think about his First test match innings. The Zimbabwean-born all-rounder was showing composure and it rubbed off on some of those in attendance.Just a normal sip.But Cartwright got it wrong on 20. And he slipped up again 10 minutes later.Down it goes. Did it carry? Not sure. He moves late. There it goes. Couldn't catch a cold in the middle of winter.We are falling short in the fielding department by a long way. We just have to keep plugging ooh way and plugging away and make sure we get better and better at had.Handscomb became the third Australian Centurion in the innings.That will do it, four tests for Peter Handscomb, now two hundreds.The Victorian succumbed to pressure just before tea. But it was still worthy of a toast.He loves his cricket, Bob Hawke and he still has the capability of a beer skol.The home side declared on 8/538 and Pakistan soon found themselves 2/6 when bab ba Azam went for a duck. A half-century from veteran Younis Khan steadied the ship as the tourists managed to see out the day without further damage. To the Big Bash and the Sydney Thunder's season has been saved by a last-ball 6 in a thrilling win over the Melbourne Stars last night. The Stars scored 166 with Kevin Pietersen hitting 60 of those from just 37 deliveries. Thunder all-rounder Andre Russell was taken from the field with a hamstring injury during Melbourne's innings. The home side's chase seemed off track with 15 required from the final over, but Eoin Morgan stepped up to hit a final-ball 6 to help the Thunder to a dramatic victory. To tennis now and Australian Jordan Thompson has upset Spanish star David Ferrer to progress to the third round of the Brisbane International. Ferrer had knocked out Bernard Tomic from the event in the preceding match. Thompson, though, came from a set down to defeat the world No. 21 in easily the biggest win of his young career so far. As Ferrer choked and Thompson got the job done. Meanwhile Australian teenager Destanee Aiava's tournament came to an end, despite a strong effort against Svetlana Kuznetsova. To the Hopman Cup in Perth and Roger Federer's comeback has suffered its first SET back, losing to swar ref. He won in three sets in front of a massive crowd in Perth. Federer did have the last laugh as Switzerland defeated Germany in the deciding mixed doubles tie. In cycling, Caleb Ewen has enjoyed the perfect start to the Australian Road Cycling Championships in Ballarat with a win in the cry tear yum. In the hour-long race, the defending champion was forced to bide his time before charging to the final straight to claim victory. He will also race in Sunday's road race as well. In the women's event, Jessika Allen did it very easy, cruising to a comfortable win. Staying on cycling just for the moment and 105 cyclist in France Robert men chant has set a new record, cycling the furtherest for someone over 105. He managed 22km Newspoll an hour in a velodrome setting, easily the furtherest someone has gone at that age and he even says he could have gone a bit further if he had known he was closing in on the final few minutes. Nice to know I'm not interested in getting involved in cycling just yet, but with 70-odd years to go, I'm inspired.105.If Bob Hawke wants to stop skolling beers, he could do that.Mind you, he has a few years to do it, too. 87, if people are wondering, drinking that beer.He looked pretty calm afterwards as well.Fwming a tradition.Yes, the annual beer skolling.He did it 5 years ago when someone in the crowd handed him a beaver. It seems like Charles Woolley was giving him a nudge. And Glenn McGrath will be speaking on the program?Yes, talking about all things with the McGrath Foundation and what they do on the third day of the third test, everybody dresses up in pink, the pink test it's known as, hoping to raise $390,000 for breast cancer nurses. That would pay for one over three years, so an important cause and one obviously close to his heart and it's been a very successful day. It is the ninth edition of that day now.That was last year with all the rain around, so hopefully the rain doesn't come near today.Yes, let's hope it holds off today.Thanks, Ben, looking Foord to that interview with you and Glenn McGrath.To the weather and Kirsten has escaped the studio once again, down at Fed square. S square. Good morning.Good morning, I do like to escape the studio. I like to escape the studio, I do like being with you, don't get the wrong idea, but it is nice to be down here. Technically a business day but definitely a summer vibe here. I will be showing you a little later on in the program one of the main summer events at Federation Square. It is quite an enjoyable one. Let's take a look at the weather around the country. On the satellite, thick cloud in the tropics in an active monsoon is generating heavy rain and storms, mainly in the Kimberley and north-east Queensland. Cloud over the NSW coast is bringing showers. In WA, troughs are drawing hot winds to the south of the State and very warm winds and thunder to SA and Victoria. Taking a look around the states now and to Queensland:

Thanks, Kirsten, so you are not going to tell us about this enjoyable activity down there, you have to wait, right?Why he, you have to wait, it will be very obvious in an upcoming cross.No worries. We look forward to it. Plenty more coming on the show today, and the benefits of social media. We often hear about the pitfalls of things like Facebook and Instagram, but a new study has found there are some positives especially with those with mental health issues. That will be a bit later on in ABC News Breakfast but first all the news with Ali.The Turnbull Government is racing to mend relations with Indonesia after the country's military announced an immediate suspension of ties with Australia. The move came after Indonesia's military chief took offence to training material on display at the SAS headquarters in Perth, kerbing the Indonesian province of West Papua, but the country's defence minister says he wasn't consulted but a spokesman for President Joko Widodo told Reuters the issue had been exaggerated. A man is in a critical condition after falling down a cliff on Sydney's North Shore. Police were called to the cliff at Kirribilli at 1.30 this morning after reports a man had fallen between a rock face and a walking track. The 28 year olgd has -- the 28-year-old has been taken to hospital with suspected head and internal injuries. Hopes are fading for a man swept away in floodwaters in Far North Queensland. Witnesses told police the 60-year-old was last seen at 6:00pm as he was goingnd a railway bridge about 2km north of Tolga. The weather bur iron ore has warned more flash Flooding could hit the region in the next few days Overseas now and Benjamin Netanyahu has called for a soldier convicted of manslaughter for killing a wounded Palestinian attacker to be pardonrd. Sergeant Elor Azaria was 19 when he shot Abdullah Fatah Al Sharif in the head while he was lying uninjured on a road last month. Protests have erupted with a football team and right-wing politicians rallying in his support. Former One Nation Rod Culleton denies he was shaping up to a man outside a court on Tuesday. Anthony Fels tried to give him a petition from creditors alleging he owed them money. Courtney bech Bembridge has more. He was sporting a few bruises but no broken bones.My throat is sore, I got hit in the throat, my neck is sore, the right side of the sho all der is sored, I'm bruised, I got jarred, I'm not here to show my injuries.The with. A senator fell to the ground during a scuffle with One Nation member Anthony Fels. He got up, removed his jacket and lunged towards Mr Fels, but he denies he was picking a fight, maintaining he was the one under attack, and that his response was appropriate.I threw my jacket off because I was constrained. In actual fact, that jacket happens to be one of my favourite jackets, I took it off, I actually didn't quite know what was going on at the time, but I didn't shape up. I took it off bass I wanted to protect my family.The scvl erupted while Mr Fels was trying to hand Mr Culleton a petition on behalf of creditors but Mr Culleton denies he owes them money.These guys are not creditors. Why don't you go and do your homework and prove to them what the money is because it's all in you to us.One Nation Leader Pauline Hanson has distanced herself from the incident and Anthony Fels who was hoping to be preselected for election.I'm not impressed with it at all and he was serving papers - it was nothing to do with One Nation, it is a civil matter.Mr Culleton has been declared bankrupt by a Federal Court judge and has previously said he intends to appeal against the decision.Well, that's like the sequel, isn't it, you will just have to wait to see how it plays out.Mr Culleton has been interviewed by police over the court altercation and says the Maher is now in their hands.Yep, looked like he was shaping up to me, but that's his version of events. Beijing has shall shoed a red alert for smog for a second day running with visibility as low as 50 metres in some parts of that city.Large parts of the country have already been choking through weeks of winter air pollution cause being transport and outdoor activities to be cancelled. Planes grounded,, in Beijing, officials say both air pollution and the weather are to blame as thick cloud reduces visibility even further and prompts a red alert for a second day.TRANSLATION: I feel so depressed. I have a child but I can only keep him at home and he can't go out for sunshine. This really worries me, it's grey everywhere, I don't really know where our future is.Meanwhile, the capital has also issued orange alerts for smog as the air quality exceeds 300, a level deemed to be hazardous and to have long-term impaths for health. TRANSLATION: Nobody likes smog. The smog brings many negative impaths to people's emotions and we all feel very bad about this. We see eye tells on social media and read media reports every day about smog and we are so depressed. We really hope we can live with blue skies and have good health.Schools, factories and construction sites closed as they issued their own red alerts. It is not uncommon in winter when energy demand soars and much of it is met by coal.TRANSLATION: I will consider emgreenhouse gas emission if permitted and we are still brating for immigration information. On the other hand, of course I hope the air can be improved because I think the elderly and the children are greatly affected.China says it is in its third year of a war on pollution, aiming to reverse the environmental damage dealt by decades of fast economic growth. And while 2016 saw 12 more blue-sky days than the previous year, the average air pollution levels still exceeded national air quality standards, hardly a ray of sunshine for Beijing residents.Gosh, you know, not much has changed, I think. I lived in China in the early '90s and I lived on the 15th floor of an apartment building, I arrived this time of year and I think it was about three months before I actually saw the view out the window.50 metres, that's...No the very far. You can imagine what happens if you're wearing a white shirt, for example, during the day, come back and look at the colour of the shirtThis time of the year the particularly the worst?Particularly bad, so you've got heating, so the power generation for that sort of thing and it's only when you can turn off all the factories and turn off the heating that you can get much clearer air. Did you have to wear a mask?No, I didn't, but I could have.Oh well. Stay in Asia in fact, 5.5 years after the nuclear disaster at Fukushima, Japan is still grappling with the question of whether to restart its fleet of idle nuclear reactors.This year, up to six more plants were due to be opened to meet future energy needs but there are huge doubts about whether they will ever be turned on. Rachel Mealey reports from Tokyo.Japan has invested a lot of money in nuclear power generation, dating back as far as the 1960s. By 2011, a third of Japan's energy needs were being met by its fleet of 54 nuclear reactors scattered around the country. But when disaster struck at Fukushima, the Government ordered all nuclear plants to shut down for a safety review. Now four nuclear reactors have restarted. 11 are being decommissioned. 22 are still under a safety review, while the fate of another 20 is yet to be decided. There is a plan to start 5 or 6 more reactors in 2017, but PM Abe and the government and the utility industry experienced a lot of difficulties this year. There was public opposition to restarting the reactors in ki shoe.That public opposition was amplified when a major earthquake hit that same region only a few months after the power plant restarted.I think the Japanese Government will be forced to change its energy policy just because of the reality, this cannot go on indefinitely.The government has said very little in recent months about its energy policy. PM Shinzo Abe hopes 20% of Japan's future energy needs will be met by nuclear power, but that target is looking increasingly hard to achieve. While the nuclear authority has given the go-ahead for some reactors to be switched back on, local people and politicians are raising their voices in protest. Social media is often associated with feelings of inadequacy and even depression, especially among young people.But Melbourne researchers have found things like Facebook, Instagram and Twitter can actually provide some mental health benefits. Dr Peggy keern is a lecturer in psychology. Welcome to the program. Thank you.This research you've done, you've reviewed dozens of studies, some 70 studies and have a look at the relationship between how people feel, levels of depression and use of social media.Yes.Take us through the pros and cons?We were looking at depression, anxiety and also feelings of wellbeing as well, as reported in these different studies and we actually found very mixed results on things. We found that for some people, it actually was very beneficial, people reported feeling socially connected to others mpl There was an interesting finding that those with social anxiety actually seemed to benefit from being able to connect in a way that is less anxiety-provoking. We also 15 you that for those who already have depression and anxiety, that's where we see that it might actually be problematic, and so that it might be bringing out some of those negative tendencies that are already there.How do you work that out?We actually don't know what is causing that and which direction things are. Often times these are cross-sectional studies and so they are looking at levels of depression and uses of social media as well, so it's hard to say which one causes which.Yes, which comes first, the chicken or the egg?Yes, you are feeling down, you might start obsessively using Facebook and things like that, that can bring you down and that can become a spiral from there.How do you know within yourself whether you are getting a positive or negative impact from social media?I think how you feel when you're on it or step away from it. One thing we saw is envy, something really, really dangerous, if you find yourself jealous of others that, "They all have the glamorous life and my life is terrible," that might be a problem Those who struggle with depression, are using negative language, criticising themselves, criticising others, so whether we see it within our self or see it in my friends - I've noticed that, some of my friends, the positive ones and some are struggling a bit.You also found that perception is often more important than reality.Yes. XwlAnd is that the big potential con here as opposed to pro, that people sit sl and analyse the comments and do it in their own little space, not necessarily doing it with any perspective?They are, and you can become very isolated. We are within our own worlds, looking at our phone or computer, and that can start to change the reality, create the reality from where we spnd all our time and energy. You can start to think that everybody else has it together even if they are putting up immarriages there.Do you think your findings could have benefit in treatment even with people who have mental health issues, that you might be able to target social media as a tool to help people?Why he, and we are seeing research done in that way, both in terms of identifying people who might be struggling with depression and anxiety and things like that, and actually using some of the same tools that are there to change some of those behaviours, whether it's actually changing some of the language they use, helping support them, so connecting them up with friends who might not even realise they are struggling, and then also giving triggers to say, "Get off line now. Go do something else." I"guess the key, to understand when you are too immersed with it, and when you've crossed that line from the positive to the negative.? Well, it's hard to know. People get in a trapbs and actually live there.We yes, a lot of our studies are a bit dated now in terms of how quickly social media actually moves and people are spending more and more time there and so at what point does it become problematic and that's something we need to figure out.What are we talking about here, Facebook mostly, or Instagram, that is that increasingly being used? Most of the studies on Facebook, and a few on MySpace which has even gone now. Social media platforms keep shifting, but the shame phenomenon goes with each kind of - it is a different social media culture, but it's similar.And that same issue of language sticks because we know, even on this program, people tend to write and say things in a manner perhaps that they wouldn't if they were talking to you face-to-face and I think that leads to a real level of bluntness that you have to sit back and say, "OK, is this really fair and reasonable?" ?Very much and there is that anonymity of not being face-to-face with someone, and then there is also we lose the things like emotions and nonverbal communication that we can have in a face-to-face that is missing online. What has it done to your Facebook activities?It has actually gotten me off Facebook I'm still on Facebook, but spend a lot less time on there, I'm also conscious of about what I put on there. Also makes me look at my friends and think, "Hey, what's going on there?" Interesting.Let's not finish on the negative. It can be a source of connectivity, really?Yes, and that is the other striking thing that we saw, is that a lot of people do find it is a way of connecting. I have lots of friends in the States and it lets me find out what they're dog and stay up on them and it is a way that we can socially connect, especially when we can't actually get together face-to-face.Thank you very much for coming in to tell us about it. I know everyone has an opinion about it.A big part of our lives now.Yes, absolutely.Thanks very much.We would love to know what your thoughts are, whether you think it is a pro or a con, and talking about everyone's use here, not just talking about the perils of being a politician.Exactly. Let's go there now because we will go to the United States and take a look at - this might have even been motivated by social media, the chance to get your picture out. There We mentioned the new Congress taking seats in Washington - well, one new Congressman has been upstaged by his son at the swearing-in ceremony. Take a look at this, this is Roger marshal. His son Cal is behind him trying to dab. A dab is nuzzling your nose into your arm.A dance poseOf the yes, a dance pose, but he chose that moment. Paul Ryan was onto the teenager from the start. Here is how it happened.Paul Ryan was the one who stopped Cal and said, "What are you doing?" And Cal had to pull himself together and afterwards Paul Ryan said, "Just finished swearing in:

Pmpl And in response, Roger marshal tweeted a little bit later, "Just so you know, he's grounded." He looks a bit old to be granted.Did shall - to be grounded. Yes, he played that very well. Let's take a look at how that happened.

I'm going to sneeze.You are going to sneeze?Yes.Just sneeze then. No, he wasn't sneezing Dad, he was being cheeky.He was. In the world of farming a turf war is brewing, pitting the North against the South. Australia's peak farming body has opened a can of worms saying the focus on developing Northern Australia is coming at the expense of southern farmers. Kristy O'Brien has more. It is a battleline that divides the country, the South versus the North. The National Farmers Federation has restart the debate by calling for less focus on developing the North and instead looking at what's already available in the South with existing road and rail infrastructure.I think the important thing is that expenditure is actually analysed, that we have very clear and transparent processes about choosing where the money is spent, and the benefits that that can bring.While quickly hosing down any geographic tensions.I would be disappointed and-a-little surprised if there was any outrage at the comments I make that this golden era should be about all of Australia and not just about one specific region. But Northern Territory farmers are resisting.This is one of those classic examples of someone not really understanding what's happening up in the North, and the potential of northern agriculture. He says the southern farmers get more than their fair share, particularly in areas like research and development.If you look at the numbers, I would say they get a fair share of investment and funding, in A and D funding, for example, into their commodities, and we have not got very much at all in the last three or four decades of our existence of plant industries.The latest export figures from the Bureau of Statistics show the Northern Territory consistently producing strongly in live exports, beef, fruit and vegetables, animal feeds and hides. Farmers in the North say the focus on 2017 will largely be about improving biosecurity practices as well as solving the ongoing labour shortage problems, problems bound to cross any geographic divide. Over the past 12 months, Breck breg has been lucky enough to host some of the top musicians: Nick Cave, and Elvis Presley, and other elements including Johnny Cash.He spoke to us about his decision to go it lone and his first solo album After What I Did Last Night.I think it means not that plastic country, not Garth Brookes - no offence, Garth -, yeah, that was just purely offensive, wasn't it? I don't take it back, but basically...A bit dirtier.It is a sub genre, I think maybe a little more ref rention Scholl of the old guys, any of the highway men, Willy Nelson, Johnny Cash, in that tradition, those cheeky bastards. How long you've spent overseas? You're originally from Melbourne, but you have to go over there to get a taste if you are to follow in the footsteps of those giants?It is in the spirit of the music I love so much so I've got to feed it back to them, otherwise it is not a Venus Returns moment, so I've been spending a bit of time over there, a few albums out in the States and we've been touring since. 2009, I've had to undo my buckle several notches, plenty of fast food, bourbon and great times over there. Nashville a long the way as well? Mmm, that city has changed just in the time I've been there.Not in the danger of turning into some sort of country Disneyland, is it?Well, I think it is a music Disneyland. The thing that people don't realise or are surprised by, there is only 500,000 people there, a relatively small capital, but if you're in music, it feels like a huge metropolis. There are sort of - obviously you've got your amazing, you've got your plastic pop country era, the Dolly Parton, Kenny Rogers, stereotype of the city, which is amazing in and of itself, but this is influx now of these different cultural bastions, I guess, the likes of Jack White and the Black Keys have moved in there, these sort of more underground rock, epic musician dirt bags have come in to scruff up the city in the best way, and so there is this weird sort of vortex created, this like cultural turbine of that sort of older country industry trying to mix with a kind of new punk garage scene that's there, and it creates this swirl that I love dipping my head in. # Louis
# She said I could any girl in the room # Well, I ain't ordinarily all that choosey # But the only girl I want in this room is you # Head or heart # Head or # Which one will show me the way? # One says you've got to ride along # The other tells me to abstain # Head or heart, head or heart, head or heart # Well, I got me a girl back in Boulder # And she's got me down to have a kid or three # And together we want to get us much older # But there's a thing we can't ignore here, you and me # Head or heart # Head or # Which one will tell it to me straight? # One says keep on keeping on # The other "shut the gate" # Head or heart, head or heart, head or heart # Well, we had the conversation about kissing # And that's something that we would both like to do # Before I knew it, she had planted one on me # do
# Well, my heart is a beatin' and my mind is a racin' # My heart is a beatin' and my mind is a racin' # Head or heart # Head or # I'm going to the doctor to get you both removed #Henry, one of PK's favouritesYes, well done, Henry. The kicker at the end. To sport.A Ken tri-from Peter Handscomb has helped Australia pile on the runs on Day 2 of the third cricket test against Pakistan. Things didn't start well for the tourists on Day 2 with some very poor fielding on display, laughable in fact at times. They eventually did dismiss Matt Renshaw, the star of Day 1, for 184 before Handscomb joined David Warner and Renshaw as first innings Centurions. He was dismissed when he hit his own wicket, though. Australia declared soon after and Josh Hazlewood took two wickets. Pakistan showed some resistance late, but still trailed by 412 runs. Handscomb says he has been very fortunate to start his career in a winning series at home.It is still hard, but I've been very lucky in the way that I've come-in-my own conditions, in my own country, so I had a good understanding of what would be coming at me.To the Big Bash now and Sydney Thunder's season has been saved by a last-ball 6 in a thrilling win over the Melbourne Stars in Sydney last night. The Stars scored 166 with Kevin Pietersen hitting 60 of those from just 37 deliveries. Thunder all-rounder Andre Russell was taken from the field during the Stars' innings with a hamstring injury. The home side's chase seemed off track with 15 required from the final over, but Eoin Morgan stepped up to hit a final-ball 6 to help the Thunder to a dramatic win. To tennis and Australian Jordan Thompson has upset Spanish star David Ferrer to progress to the third round of the Brisbane International. Ferrer had knocked Bernard Tomic out of the event in the match preceding this one. Thompson, though, came from a set down to defeat the world No. 21. Meanwhile Australian teenager Destanee Aiava's tournament came to an end, despite a strong effort against Svetlana Kuznetsova. And that's all from me for now.Thanks, Ben. Kirsten joins us now She is down at Fed square, hello again.I promised something exciting and unusual was happening at Federation Square and PK and Ben being sports tragic, you will like this - it is a giant inflatable water slide. 75 metres lock and looks a lot of fun. I would absolutely jump on it right now, but there is no water on it just yet, so not going to happen for me right now. Let's take a look at your weather across the country, starting in Brisbane:

Thank you very much, Kirsten, and we know you are desperate to have a go, so make sure they crank the water up soon.Yes, we will see.We are looking forward to that. We will hold you to it. Coming up in the next hour, we will be having a further look at the spat between Indonesia and Australia. We will be talking to Jim Molan from Canberra and plenty else. This program is not captioned. Welcome back to News Breakfast. Thanks for watching. Our top story: Australia races to mend relations with Jakarta as it emerges Indonesia's military did not consult its government before severing ties.

A man seriously injured after falling down a rockface on Sydney Harbour.Fears for a man swept away in floodwaters, as parts of North Queensland are drenched by rain. Peter Handscomb's dream run continues, as the Victorian notches another century on Day 2 of the third test against Pakistan.And also ahead on the program:Hash what can we do today # Peppa Pig # What will we do today # Peppa Pig. # Etch's favourite pig - or most people's favourite pig - goes live and interactive.Catastrophic and extreme fire danger for parts of WA while the heat builds in SA and Victoria.

The tunl government is racing to mend relations with Indonesia after the country's military announced an immediate suspension of ties with Australia. The move came after India's military chief took offence to training material on display at SAS headquarters in Perth concerning the Indonesian province of West Papua.But, the country's Defence Minister says he wasn't consulted and a spokesman for the President told righters that the issue had been exaggerated. Meanwhile, the ABC can reveal that Indonesia's military chief believes the Australian military is using joint training courses to recruit it top soldiers. Indonesia correspondent Adam Harvey reports.On the surface, it appeared that Australia and Indonesia's military relationship had recovered from the damage caused by spying scandals and executions, but now it is clear that there has been trouble brewing for some time. Indonesia's military chief is clearly suspicious of Australia's motives when it says it wants to help. The ABC has obtained footage of a lecture that he gave in November in which he makes his feelings clear. TRANSLATION: Every time there is a training program, like recently, the best five or 10 students would be sent to Australia. That happened before I was chief, so I let that happen. Once I became chief commander of the National Forces, it did not happen again. They will certainly be recruited. They will certainly be recuted.One of the most sensitive topics in Indonesia is West Papua and the struggle there for independence. The General clearly believes the Australian military instructors sided with the west pan wants over the rest of Indonesia. TRANSLATION: My officer was told to be assigned over there to teach Indonesian. He protested. It was taut there that Papua is going to get their independence because they are not Indonesia. Like this, so clearly they will recruit them.The general says his feeling about West Papua and the suspicion about the real motives for Australia's military help for Indonesia could explain why Indonesia has reacted so severely and suspended all military ties between the two nations.

And for more on that story, we will be talking to retired Major General Jim Mole land later in the program. Yes, not the first time that Australia and Indonesia have had a cooling --Cooling, a very diplomatic way of putting it.Next month, the big training exercise that was planned, we will have to wait to see what happened there and the political reaction as well. Later we will be speaking to the man or one of the men behind visual effects for gameauland.com Glen Melenhorst is an Australian who won an Emmy for the best visual effects for Battle of the Bastards episode on Game of Thrones and there you can see it is in development, Al. Sometimes it is interesting to see how they have done it. You think how on earth have they achieved that? This is how they do it. Glen will tell us more about it. Essentially they turn a couple of hundred extras and horses that are filmed on set into thousands of horses and thousands of people for these huge battle scenes and it is such a painstaking process. Every second of vision, final vision, takes something like 128 hours to produce. Wow.Every animal is apparently built from, when they are digitaly built, they are built from the inside out to make sure that every muscle looks like it would really look. It is an extraordinary process.That is interesting to look at just by itself. The Australians who worked on it, worked so painstakingly, they would work obviously through one part of the day. They would liaise with those in LA.Because the producers were all on the other side of the world, another time zone.A great chat later in the program. Stay with us for that. To other news now: A man suffered head and internal injuries after falling down a cliff on Sydney's North Shore. Police were called to Kirribilli after a man fell from a rock face. Witnesses said that he ran to the rockface after being awoken by the man's friends screaming for help.Running down the street screaming, "Help, it is an emergency." I remember hearing it once in my sleep. I thought it was weird and I week up and I came out and,y, it sealed like he had been going around for a little while trying to find someone to come out and help.Hopes are fading for a man swept away in floodwaters in Far North Queensland. The 60-year-old was last seen at 6:00am about 2 km north of Tolga near Atherton. Police say it appears the man had got out of his car to inspect the depth of water on the Kennedy Highway when he lost his footing.Overseas and Israel's Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu has called for a soldier convicted of manslaughter tor killing a wounded Palestinian attacker to be pardoned. Sergeant Elor Azaria was 1 when he shot the 21-year-old in the head while he was lying injured and unarmed on a road. That was last March. Protests have erupted in Tel Aviv oh his conviction. Right wing politicians are rallying in his support. Top military figures say that the soldier's actions do not reflect the values of the Israeli Defence Force. In New York a commuter train has derailed during peak hour injuring more than 100 people. Passengers told local media there was a long bang and jolt that sent people across the passages as the train pulled into the terminal in Brooklyn. It is not clear what caused the derailment.Turkish authorities say they have detained Islamists as they hunt for the man who erupted a bomb on New Year's Eve. Turkish media say that the man spent time in iz US before -- Islamic State before performing the attack.Police have arrested a man in Berlin over the Christmas market attack. The 26-year-old is believed to have had dinner with the main attacker Anis Amri a day before he killed 12 people.In fin land, a wildlife park has welcomed a rare addition with a polar bear giving birth to a cub. It is on the second cub to be been and survive in captivity in Finland. Renshaw was born to the same mother, Venus, in 2011 and it now lives in Vienna Zoo. And it is very cute. Now to the finance:

Let's check out the weather Arn the country today. -- around the country today.

Well, as we just heard, Israel's Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu has called for a soldier convicted of manslaughter for killing a wounded Palestinian to be pardoned. The incident happened in Hebron last month after another soldier was stabbed. The BBC's Yolande Knell has more.It is minutes after two young Palestinian men with knives attacked Israeli soldiers many Hebron. Both have been shot. One is dead. One is clearly till alive. Sergeant Elor Azaria, a 19-year-old medic, helped to treat a wounded soldier and then he did this... (GUNFIRE) A single bullet to the head killed Abdul Fatah Sharif. Today the sergeant was in a military court smiling to see a friend and his mother. But soon after he was found guilty of manslaughter. Judges rejected the soldier's claim that the Palestinian posed a threat and decided he shot him out of revenge. But Sergeant Azaria has loyal backers in a country where most young people do military service. They accused the Army of abandoning one of its own.This guy came to do an attack, to hurt families. The soldier is a hero.Such a high-profile case is very unusual in Israel. The outcome was welcomed by the family of Abdul FatahSharif.I feel like any father would feel after seeing my son executed on TV, murdered. It is so hard to see that. No-one can enjoy this. It is still hard for me every time I remember what happened. If he died instantly it would have been easier than to see your son executed like that. Sergeant Azaria's crim took place during a wave of Palestinian attacks when there was a national debate about how to respond. And his case has proved highly devicive. When he is sentenced, the maximum he could serve is 20 years in jail, but he is expected to get far less.Yolande Knell there. Wikileaks founder Julian Assange has reiterated his claim that Russia was not the source for his site's mass leak of Democratic Party emails in the run-up to the US presidential elections.Mr Assad has told Fox News that Hillary Clinton and her chairman John Podesta made almost no amounts to keep their private emails safe.Podesta gave out that his password was the word "password". His own after the said this email that you have received, this is totally legitimate. So, this is something a 14-year-old kid, a 14-year-old kid, could have hacked. She made almost no attempt to keep them secure from states. Now, was she trying to keep them secure from Republicans? Well, probibly. But in terms of foreign states, almost none.What do you reckon Donald Trump thought about that comment from Julian Assange? You didn't have to wonder too long. He took to Twitter.

It goes onto tweet again on US media coverage.And there are two more tweets.

Though, it should be said that apparently the authorities say that intelligence briefing was always scheduled for Friday. So, someone says one thing and someone says another.That is the nature of that debate for sure. That will go on and on. It is official - tux teen was the hottest year globally and the fourth hottest for Australia. That is according to the Bureau of Meteorology's annual climate statement released this morning.For more Kirsten joins us from Federation Square in Melbourne. Hello again.Good morning. Hello. How are you? I am here with Dr Karl Briganza, who is the head of climate monitoring at the Weather Bureau. The climate statement has been released, taking a look at Australia and some of the extreme weather that we saw. Good morning to you, Dr Karl.Good morning, Kirsten. How are you?Good, thank you. How would you sum up 2016?A warm and wet year for Australia. It was our fourth warmest year on record and that is quite unusual when we have that amount of rainfall over the continent and it was also a very wet period during the middle of the year. May to September we had record rainfall in the Murray-Darling Basin which was good for ago kuling Cher.Certainly above average rainfall across Australia?Yeah, across Australia we've had rain at the start of the year and then it went dry and during the middle of the year especially we had an influence from record sea-surface temperatures around Australia and they were dragging moisture over the continent and producing a lot of rainfall.We all remember the floods in Tasmania and the storms in SAment it seemed we had a lot of extreme events. Can this be explained by anything when you look back at the year?Yeah. Around the country we had record sea-surface temperatures, so particularly in the Tasman and to the north of the continent and that really forced a lot of these really heavy rainfall events. So in Tasmania we had record amounts of atmospheric moisture to do with that flooding and that was simlar to the end of the year as well.Why is this something that the bureau does, the climate statement. What can it tell us?What we are doing is contextualising the year that was for those people that experienced it praisal yes. If you think of agriculture, water managers, health, Emergency Services, their experience of those weather events is important for what they do. We basically tell them in the historical context where did that sit? Was it average or something this hasn't been seen before and those numbers are interesting to them.So we weren't the hottest year on record as we were in the globe but it was still pretty warm.Yeah, fourth warmest year on record. It was simlar to the Global One. You get a bit of a push and that is what we had at the start of the year and the rest is backward trend in global warming.And the sea level temperatures as well, that I were record?By some margin in Australia. For the last several years we've had warm sea-surface temperatures around Australia and what we saw in 2016 was record by some margin, particularly over summer and the first half of the year.What does that mean when we talk about trying to explain what is happening at the Great Barrier Reef? So the period of severe coral bleaching over summer coincided with the high temperatures ever seen in that region as well. There were certainly marine impacts. We saw impacts from sea-surface temperatures on fisheries and on kelp forests and other things. Again, feeding some of those storms that went over the continent. Finally, is there anything that this year can tell us, in terms of climate change or what we might expect to see this year?Y, look, the sea-surface temperatures have continued warm so we would expect them to stay warm in the Australian region. They have quite a lot of persist stance or memory associated with them. Again, the influence of the trends, so that background global warming has had an influns globally and on Australia. Natural variability helped but the main part of breaking the records is from global warming.So more hot weather ahead?Yeah. The seasonal outlook for eastern Australia is looking warm. For the west of the continent, it is looking about average.Karl, thank you for your time this morning. That is Dr Karl Briganza from the Weather Bureau and the statement goes online at 9:00am this morning where you can get the complete outlook.Terrific, thank you, Kirsten.See you soon. I was going the say because she's done a serious interview doesn't mean we will let her out of going down the waterslide later on.There is a waterslide there. They are cranking it up. We will cross back to Kirsten and have some fun later on. Now the front pages of the major newspapers ash the country and take a look at the headlines. The Guardian leads with the Indonesian military suspending operation with Australia and the spokesman not specifying the reason for the split but suggesting it won't be long term.The Australian calls the move a strategic rift, as the Turnbull government races to mend relations ahead of joint Naval exercises mean to be held next month.Sydney Morning Herald writes that Sydney has the unenviable title of the most congested city in Australia and New Zealand with average traffic speeds slower than New York City. Can you believe that?Not so swell, The Age writes of the water quality at three of Melbourne's beaches will be tested daily after the EPA found them unfit for swimming.The Financial Review said that more than a third of cranes across Australia's skylines are in risky investment spots.The Courier Mail pictures 21-year-old Thomas Dover who is fighting for his life after he was allegedly punched in the back of the head while walking a I what I from an argument.The Victorian Sun claims that the Firefighter Union is demanding the say funding as the volunteer-based fire authority.The advertise advertise talk about a new education policy where transgender opportunities can wear uniforms of itself. That picture that you are seeing there is Don Bradman's son who has, in fact, bettered Bradman's best score, but that is not cricket. That is his international laureate score at school.Another high achiever in the Bradman family. What did he bet Bradman's average by?I would never get the citizenship test, would I?0.01.Well done for him.Flood fallout - The Mercury writes the Broome and SES have come under fire for two Tasmanian councils to their response to d stating floods that killed three people last year.The NT news had a CCTV picture of a man wanted by police after a fatal ta hit and run on New Year's Eve.The Daily Telegraph leads with a New South Wales woman who allegedly crashed her four-wheel drive into her husband's van deliberately because she thought he was having an affair. The luckiest man alive - The West Australian shows Ross Chapman who survived six hours at sea after falling overboard trying to retrieve his go pro camera. We are talking about twin social media this morning, but in a more positive sense. There have been findings by a Melbourne university study that says we have spent a lot of time talking about the negatives of social media, but it does have positives, particularly with those who do have mental health issues. It does alleviate some of their stress.If you have got anxiety, the study has found that people find it easier to feel connected and linked in with people by using social media as opposed to necessarily always face to face, but, as we learnt, it has pros and it has cons as well. You have got to know when to cross that loin.We have put out a question on our sole media this morning and Ben writes in:

Marty has got an interesting one.

So, yes, that is a very interesting point. Often people say that social media simply reflects your own bubble, if you like. That you tend to follow people who think similarly to you. It is interesting that Marty thinks it has broadened his vow.If you want to get involved in a discussion on News Breakfast this morning or any other issue that you want to talk about, you can send your emails to:

Guess what, we're on Facebook and Twitter.A positive.Yep.A the.5-metre saltwater crocodile has been captured at a North Queensland golf course.But, as Ben Mellington reports, golfers have been warned there may be more. Affectionately known as can Willow the saltwater crocodile has been a regular site on the fair way and water over the past month.We have seen it a couple of times.The croc was sitting there with head out of the water, looking at the trap they had set.It took a six-member team from the Department of environment, protection and heritage to remove the salty, relief for some golfers.It is not really a joke, is it? If he came out at you and you were driving the cart, you would want to have a pretty quick cart, hey? Most definitely. (LAUGHS) It is believed to have come from a nearby river and will be actioned to a zoo or farm.It had plenty of food in this lake with an abundance of fish, turtles and eels. While one crocodile has been caught, they think there could be another.Early indications show it might independent be the one that we are chasing. Willow, as I said, was bigger than the one that came out. The one we pulled out is 2.3 metres. Willow has been estimated well in excess of 3. He might be still at large.Since this croc has been trapped there has already been one unconfirmed sighting, which has the club thinking about capitalising on its popular guest.We will have 18 holes, green fee, cart hire and potential croc sighting.The department is taking a potential croc sighting on the sunshine soes seriously. A 2-metre reptile was spotted on the banks of Coolum Creek, 400km south of official crock deal country. It could be a inLiz toward that has been lurking? The area. Stick to the fairways there. Now for the sporting news and Ben joins us.Plenty of news around the tennis at the moment as the Australian Open comes nearer and plenty of players in action overnight as well. Straight to Brisbane where Tom Jordan Thompson has upset Spanish star David Ferrer to progress to the next round of the Brisbane International. He had knocked out Bernard Tomic from the preceding match. Thompson came from a set down to fight his way back and defeat the world No. 21 in what is easily the biggest win of his young dreer so far. Meanwhile, Australian teenager Destanee's flight came to an end.Federer suffered a surprising loss to German young gun Alexander Zverev in their contest. Zverev won in three sets in front of a massive crowd in Perth. Federer did have the last laugh, though, as Switzerland defeated Germany in the deciding mixed doubles tie. To the Big Bash and Sydney Thunder's season has been saved in a thrilling win oh the Melbourne Stars in Sydney last night. The Stars scored 166 in the first innings with Kevin Pietersen hitting 60 of those from just 37 deliveries. Thunder all-rounder Andre Russell was taken from the field with a hamstring injury. The home side's chase seemed off-track with 15 required from the final over, but Eoin Morgan stepped up to hit a final ball six to help the Thunder to a dramatic win. And in cycling, Caleb Ewan has enjoyed the perfect start to the road cycling championships in Ballarat with a win. In the hour-long race the defending champion was forced to bide his time chasing the leading pack before charging in front in the final trait to claim victory. He will race in the road race as well. Jessica Allen did it easy cruising to a comfortable win in the women's. 105-year-old cyclist Robert Marchon has completed 22km in a Velodrome in an hour which is a new world record. Furtherest for someone who is 105 or older. So a really impressive effort from him. He says, though, he could have done better because he missed the clock, saying there was only 10 minutes remaining. A very important and great job for him. He did a great effort there and actually he didn't appear 105 if I may say.I was going to say, just to ride a back at 105 is good.They locked nervous starting him off.Precious goods, precious cargo.I know that you are looking forward to chatting to Glenn McGrath. He is coming up. Absolutely. A huge day in the cricket.Let's cross to Kirsten who is out of the studio today and is seeking adventures elsewhere. (LAUGHS) Thank you, PK. It doesn't look that exciting behind me right now. I don't think anyone is going to work. They probably all will go to this joint slip and slide I showed you last hour and I will show you again. They are getting water so we can actually go down it. When I say "we", I mean people. There are others involved that I have got.And you!Maybe me, I will see. I still reserve the right to say "no".Fair enough.Now to reserve the right to say "no".Fair
enough.Now to the weather around the country. An act tuf monsoon is generating storms mainly in the Kimberley and north-east Queensland. In WA, troughs are drawing hot winds to the south of the state. Around the states in Queensland:

active

OK, Kirsten. Thank you very much. It does lock lovely there in Melbourne. Good luck with the setting up of the waterslide there.The big slide, yeah. Absolutely.I believe Simon, who is my right hand man and trouble seeker in Rio is there with you and if you can get him to dance you can probably get him on a waterslide.He has about an hour-and-a-half.I would like to see him go down the waterslide, our cameraman. He is pretty keen, actually.I am sure he is. We will cross back to Kirsten in a while.For people who haven't seen it, there is a giant, actually quite flat waterslide. We are not talking a big dipper-type arrangement that is in the middle of Fed Square.It is all ahead of us. Now back to Ben. You have got Glenn McGrath standing by.That's right, yeah, to talk about the all-important third day of the Sydney test. It means one thing - the SCG will be awash in pink. Once again, players and spectators will be turning out to support the McGrath Foundation and it work helping fun breast care nurses Arn Australia. Co-founder and president of the foundation, Glenn McGrath joins us now from Sydney. Glenn, thank you for joining us. Really appreciate your time. It is a massive day. Can you believe how much support this has received in the nine years it has been going? Thank you. It has been absolutely incredible to come along to Day 3 of the Sydney test and we would like to say the Sydney Pink test now and to see it awash on Jane McGrath Day is pretty special. I am busy today so I like to take 5 minutes out to look around and take it all in. It is a special day for myself and the foundation and for my family.You have got friends there with you. What can you tell us about them? Yeah, so there is a fair bit happening today, but firstly, probably more importantly, behind me and beside me we have three of our nurses from around Australia and three of the beautiful ladies they have been supporting. That is what the foundation is all about, our nurses. To think we now have 110 nurses right across this great country supporting more than 50,000 individuals and families and it was just a couple of days ago we announced the further support of an additional seven nurses moving forward this year that we are looking to put on.That is fantastic news. What can you tell us, I guess, about what your aims are for this year? I mean, last year was obviously so disappointing with the wash-out, but no doubt you will have a better turn out today?Fingers crossed. The first two days have been better. Unfortunately standing here with an umbrella but they say it will stop about 10:30, 11:00 so fingers crossed. We set ourselves a goal of about $390,000, a minimum to raise from this test which equates to one full-time breast care nurse over three years. That is our goal. We've had a reasonable first two days but today our big day.We have discussed the fundraising efforts that do take place, but the McGrath Foundation had some research late last year that showed there was still a big gap in awareness and a big Gulf to bridge, I guess, when it comes to that. Is this day just as much about that as it is the money? Of course. The two main things for the foundation, not only to place breast care nurses in communities around Australia but to know your own bodies. It is all early deckion. If something changes - this goes for men as well - to get on top of it early and get it checked out because early detection is the key.You mentioned how busy of a day it will be for you. You said you will take 5 minutes to carve out forself. What goes through your mine when you sit back and take it all in?The SCG is my favourite ground in the world and it still gives me goosebumps and the hairs on the back of my neck stand up when I walk out on the field. So it is very special firstly because of that and then what has Happy Feeted with the McGrath Foundation and the partnership with the cricket community is absolutely incredible. To see everyone turn up in pink and to support something close to my heart is quite amazing. I am very, very proud.Glenn, thank you very much for taking time out during your busy day. We really appreciate it and hope it is as successful as you wish it to be.Thank you. If anyone is sitting at home wanting to support the found decision, just jump on our website which is pink join test.com.au and make a donation and you go into the running to win 500,000 Qantas points.Thank you, Glenn. That was Glenn McGrath on a special day for him.500,000 Qantas points, there you go. Jump on the website. They do an amazing job. Thank you, Ben. Now the news headlines with PK.Thank you, Ali. The Australian government is racing to mend relations with Indonesia after announcing suspending ties with Australia. It is after the military chief took offence to training material at the SAS headquarters in Perth. The country's Defence Minister says he wasn't consulted and a spokesman for the President told righters that the issue had been exaggerated. The Australian Defence minister says the ADF are investigating the Indonesian concerns when they were first raised in November. A man is in a critical condition after falling down a cliff on Sydney's international shore. Police were called to the cliff at Kirribilli at 1:30 this morning after reports a man had fallen between a rockface and a walking track. The 34-year-old had been taken to hospital with suspected head and internal injuries. Hopes are fading for a man swept away in floodwaters in Far North Queensland. Witnesses told police the 60-year-old was last seen at 6:00pm, as he was going under a railway bridge about 2km north of Tolga. The Weather Bureau has warned more flash flooding could hit the region in the next few days. Israel's Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu has called for a soldier convicted of manslaughter for killing a wounded Palestinian attacker to be pardoned. Sergeant Elor Azaria was 19 when he shot 21-year-old Abdul Fatah al-Sharif, in the head when he was lying injured and unarmed on the street last month. Eruptions have taken police in tell aeve over his arrest.Now to the decision to suspend ties with India. Jim Mole land joins us from Canberra. Thank you for being there. It looks like Canberra was caught on the hop over this.Ali, good morning. I think Canberra was but I also think that Jakarta was as well. The intervention of the Indonesian Defence Minister indicates that they really, that he was not aware of what was occurring and that he has stepped in to calm the whole thin down. So that is great.You say it is great, but what does it say about a really major country, a very important country, an important relationship, but if you don't have the military and the politicians and the President working hand in hand in India, what does it say about that country?Well, I think the fact that we have a military or any relationship with India is, to me, always a miracle. There are the Two Ronnies countries in the world so close as Australia and India, yet so totally different. We overcome these cultural differences and process differences each and every day of the week. At the working level, quite often we make errors, but I got to say at the political leadership level ours and our military leadership level we work very, very hard and very effectively to main taken that relationship and I think the intervention by the minister, the Indonesian Defence Minister, last night indicated that he has possibly a more mature view of the relationship than do the military people who spoke in the last couple of days.So, is it your impression, Jim, that the military will be overruled by the politicians and that this will end up being a minor squirmish or do you think there is perhaps a battle of wills there and it might not be so easy? Well, I think since the fall of Sohato, the power relationship has changed. A lot of this is influenced by one person's view, the chief of the Indonesian Defence Force's view of Australia, which is strongly focused on our involvement in East Timor and he brings from that some prejudices against us, apparently, from East Timor that he has been consistently going public on. That is a shame. He's been to Australia recently and he met with our leadership and I think what we have got to do, we should never surrender our sovereignty to Indiament we should always stand up for what we are and what we believe in, but Indonesia, particularly in relation to the South China Sea, India and Australia share a common interest in working together for the region and for our own self-interest and I think because of this, it is worth becoming very, very much involved, gaining the trust of the General and hoping that he will trust us, ultimately.This actually happened, this concern over the teaching materials and the offence that was apparently caused to the Indonesians happened back in November. Has Australia taken it as seriouslies a it needed to be taken or do you think maybe they weren't aware that Defence officials were not aware that it was causing this problem? Oh, no, I think we were very much aware that it had the potential to cause the problem. It has only caused the problem in the last couple of days when the Indonesian military surprised us all and themselves by stating that the military relationship had been suspended, something which their minister didn't seem to be aware of. Our Chief of Defence force was made aware of the problem and he wrote to his counterpart innin ya saying that we would investigate it. Chief of Army wrote to his counterpart saying, "We will investigate it." The Indonesian Defence Minister came out last night and said that this is something which has occurred at the lower level. So I guess I would like to think we can assume from that, that he will quieten the whole thing down and get us back on an even plain again.What you are saying, Jim Molan, the multi-national exercise that is due to take part in next month, you would expect that to go ahead? You expect this to be resolved in the next few days.I don't think it has got substance or legs. My hope is that by the time the exercise has to go ahead, it will go ahead. This is critically important for the region that we work together. This is the first time from my quick review of Indonesia -- Indonesian history in the last couple of hours, this is the first time that Indonesia that is almost a front loin state for the South China Sea, this is the first time they have faced an external challenge in this nature and we have got to work together. The region has got to work together. Australia, Indonesia has got to work together. Alright. Jim Molan, thank you very much for joining us this morning. Thank you, Ali.Gosh. I hope he is right.Yes. Well, it seems that the immediate statements from the government of India might reflect that it might not be so much of a rift as a tift.A tift. The right hand not knowing what the left hand is doing or the other way around, depending how you see it.5.5 years after the nuclear disaster at fukushima Japan is still grappling on whether to start a new fleet of organisers.There are huge doubts about whether they willbe turned on. Rachel Mealey reports from Tokyo. Japan has invested a lot of money in nuclear-power generation, dieting back as far as the 1960s. By 2011, a third of Japan's energy needs were being met by it fleet of 54 nuclear reactors, scattered around the country. But when disaster struck at fukushima, the government ordered all nuclear plants to shut down for a safety review. Now, four nuclear reactors have restarted, 11 are being decommissioned, 22 are still under a safety review, while the fate of another 20 is yet to be decided.There is a plan to start five or six more reactors in 2017, but Prime Minister ab bay and the government and to you tillty industry experienced a lot of difficulties this year. There was public opposition to restarting the reactors.That public opposition was amplified when a major earthquake hit that same region only a few months after the power plant restarted.I think the Japanese government will be forced to change its energy policy just because the reality. This cannot go on indefinitely.The government has said very little in recent months about it energy policy. The Prime Minister Shinzo Abe hopes that 20% of Japan's future energy needs will be met by nuclear power but that target is locking increasingly difficult to achieve. While the go ahead has been given for some reactors to be switched back on, local people and politicians are raising their voices in protest. Let's have a look at today's papers and we are joined on the couch by the Melbourne-based PR and management consultant Kate Roffey. Hello.How are we?You have gone the Trump route?I have. I thought we would get that in for the first session in 2017. In the Fin Review talking about Trump's tax cuts and what threat that has on Australia. There is a lovely picture of some of our chairs, Qantas I think there and Peter Nash from KPMG out and about --This is hysterical, actually. All of the senior business leaders and politicians down at the Kuta Boat Race on the coast in Victoria.Where else would they hang out?Exactly. They have been asked variouses. It is like the rich and famous en masse.I hit them up with questions about what the company text rates mean for Australia and this is an ongoing discussion we have had and the Business Council has had it for a long Tim. Peter Costello has weighed into this in a couple of newspapers. H came out and said, "We are talking about going from 30 to 28.5% here. Other countries, the UK and US, are talking below 20. We have missed the boat on this. We are so far behind on company tax rates." Another thing he raised and we probably aren't speaking about this enough, we can't just have the company tax debate but we have to look at the income tax as part of this conversation. The huge burden of tax is paid by the upper income earners --Interesting that he says it now, though. He didn't do it when he was Treasurer.That is a funny thing, Ali. It will remain to be seen what impact this has on our economic ability, particularly internationally if our company tax rates remain higher than other competitors in an international sense. Does that really have a huge impact on the number of businesses that will come and operate in Australia and vice versa? Will we see Australian-based businesses start to relocate themselves overseas where the company tax rates are much more favourable? It is an issue. I don'ty we are getting anywhere with the conversation. We probably have been having it for 10 years. As you say, Ali, it probably hasn't moved on since Peter Costello was Treasurer but it will become more and more prominent because we are getting into a more dire economic circumstance I think nationally.What about the tax cuts, will it be discussed politically this year?I would doubt it. I don't think any of them will get discussed particularly strongly because the politician or the political party that brings up tax cuts of any sorts usually December tipped to not stay in government for too long, but Institute are starting to get a good push on some of these conversations in a more holistic sense. We had a conversation around GST and should we change that. We seemed to pig one little strand of the conversation. That is the situation, isn't it? Our entire tax system needs a revamp.An overhaul.No side has the political will or capital to do it. How many reviews have we had into the tax system?Yes.How many dollars and hours have been spent on it and yet here we are.To your point there, Ali, I think it is a confidence that we as people need to actually have and not just leave it to the politicians to have the conversation. We sensibly need to look at what is happening around us economically and understand the debt. I always say when we are talking - and this often comes up tax and debt and things - we wouldn't run our household buts like this. We wouldn't allow ourselves to get into such massive debts that we couldn't get out, but in an economic sense as a nation we seem to say it is OK. Not just us.Relatively speaking, if you look at other country's debts we aren't doing too bad! (LAUGHS) I know compared to the US. The capacity to pay it back is interesting. I am sure we will talk about it throughout the year.On The Australian today talking about coal. This is interesting. The Coalition backed a $100 billion growth plan for coal. So this flies in the face of everything we have said about shutting down coal and moving towards fossil fuels. They are looking for a million dollar loan for the Adani mine in Queensland. This is an interesting conversation. Again, we need an adult-style conversation about this as a nation because the movement from fossil fuels to renewable has to happen, but there is going be a transition period with this and we are seeing the issues in SA and it is not caused completely by if fact we are gone renewable but the reliance on the back-up grid that is coming from Victoria and off our fossil fuels that has to at this point in time have to be some kind of sustainable, reliable, underlying back-up and that is coming from fossil fuels at the moment. Obviously, coal is a lot cheaper than a lot of other options at the moment and our federal resources minister, Matt Canavan, came out and said it is unethical obviously in effect to say that the people now can't have the same access to reliable and affordable electricity that we have had in the past because all of a sudden we are going to switch from coal and try to go to something else. An interesting conversation. Interest interesting that you just spoke about Fukushima because this question over nuclear again isgoing to come to some prominence.Something else that never gets resolved.Yes. Spain has high levels of renewables but it is underpinned by a strong nuclear base. I think it is around 30% of their actual service comes from nuclear. So, nuclear is great while it is wording well. When you get the Fukushima or the children noble issue obviously it is a huge problem. Again, it is something that we are throwing around but I don't think we are really having a strong, sensible conversation about it. We are very divided on two sides ore renewable and fossils and somehow we need to come to some middle ground. Whether you like it or not, you look at things like the Adani investments and the plans for coalious in India, I mean coal is around for quout a long time to come.Yes.This is the other story you have looked at in the Fin Review, the fact that the miners are doing well. The cycle has started to --Yes. This is interesting. Talking about an $8.3 revenue jump. The reason this interested me, the whole mining question, is not so much the income for the mining sectors but what have we done with our mining income? I was reading yesterday some conversation coming out of Norway where they virtually set up a trust fund off the back of their mining boom and they took that money for the nation and said it can't be used. It is used to agree economy and for infrastructure growth because this is our land as a nation and, therefore, some of the benefits should go back to the people in general. We never did that in Australia. We had great wealth and we squandered it on --Middle class welfare.Yes. That was in the papers yesterday, actually. I really do despair. If we have got this big boom coming again or an uplift, please take some of it and put it away and use it for the future when we need to build infrastructure and build more capacity --That was the Future Fund, Peter Costello's Future Fund is what that is designed for? Yes. It seems like we managed it probably as badly as you possibly could, I think, across the board.A quick look at The Age. Something local.It is. We have got the Sydney Morning Herald also ran a headline on who has the worst traffic.Sydney won.They had 7/10 of the roads slowest in Sydney. People complaun about the traffic in Melbourne. I tell them to go and live in Sydney for a week. It is awful.It is the one thing that Sydney doesn't boast about.There was a squabble between the two papers as to who had the worst. I am not surprised to hear that Punt Road is the third-worst in Australia. I struggle to so a road worse than that one, but hopefully things are getting moving. Later this morning, I realised the traffic was the great school holiday traffic that we all enjoy so much.Doesn't matter where you live.That's right, it is getting better. More infrastructure required, more public interest, more road capacity. Somehow we have to move people between where they live and work a lot more efficiently going forward. Those pictures are making people at home who haven't gone back to work and haven't joined the rat race again, making them shudder at the thought of what lies ahead.That's right. It is another great reason to work now and take holidays later in January.Absolutely. We are talking about the country's debt. The Australian has a story about household debt.This is an interesting one. We have got some of the sixth highest personal household debt rates in the world and we are behind places lick Denmark and Netherlands and Norway there. One of the concerns that this article is raising is the low interest rates are actually shielding that volume of debt. So while interest rates are so low we can maintain these high level of debts, but it has already been flagged in 2017 we will potentially see an interest rate rise and what that will mean for people's ability to pay back their mortgages and actually have a level of disposal income that we are used to and keep the economy economic we'lls turning remains to be seen. I think we will keep an eye on that one as we gear forward throughout the year.Thank you for that rosy outlook.I know. Happy new year, everyone.The roads are good!The roads are good today!Thank you, Kate. See you soon. For many young children around Australia, Peppa Pig is a favourite to watch on TV and listen to on radio.But now kids and their parents can experience Peppa Pig in person in a new interactive show touring the country. Our reporter James Dean had a sneak peak.Mums, dads, aunties and uncles joined the kids for a special preview into the interactive experience, Peppa Pig's Play Date. From the moment they walked in...

..The kids are jumping for joy.They are so excited to be in a police where Peppa is. They are going to his house. My nephews are Lynning up to meet Peppa at the moment.This show is different to a normal children's concert where kids not only get to sing and dance, but can actually get to play in a real-life replica of the Peppa Pig world. While it looks sure to be a smash hit with kids, it also has got parents talking as well.Oh, my gosh, it is amazing. This is just heaven for my kids and every other kid in Melbourne. I have a four-year-old and a two-year-old and they are right into Peppa Pig. There is just a bit of everything. There is a show, rides, jumping in muddy puddles on the jumping castle, a play date with Peppa Pig which has been the most special thing today. There are characters walking around and so many things the kids can do. It is a whole half a day you could be here and not just sit there and watch a concert, but the interactivity with their favourite characters.What we are finding is families whatn't to feel something, do something together, have an activity and this is a wonderful opportunity for parents to make memories with their kids.The show opens at the Melbourne Convention and Exhibition Centre from 5th to 9th January. There is a wide range of rides and activities for everyone of all ages. After Melbourne, the Peppa Pig experience will head to Brisbane, Sydney and Perth before ending in Adelaide. But in the meantime, for those adults who do attend, there is plenty of treats to keep even happy.

Well, it wasn't a classic old Porshe but it was nice to see James Dean on some wheels there.(LAUGHS) Yes.Peppa Pig, yes! Forget making memories with your kids. What about just getting them out of the house during the holidays?Yes.Anything it takes.Is it hard for you?Yeah. I thought you had to put a cricket pitch in the back garden and of you go.We did the cricket and the beach yesterday.You are running out of ideas.Yeah.There you go, Peppa Pig.Gets a good run if the house with the four-year-old. Now to sport with Ben.Good morning. A century from Peter Handscomb has helped Australia pile on the runs on Day 2 of the test against Pakistan. Things didn't start well for Pakistan on Day 2 with very poor fielding on display that was, in fact, laughable at times. They eventually dismissed the century-maker Matt Renshaw for 184 when he chopped on but Handscomb joined David Warner and Renshaw as first innings Centurions. He was then dismissed when he hit his own wicket for the first time in his career. Australia declared and Josh Hazlewood took two quick wickets, but Pakistan showed some late resistance. They still trail by 412 runs going into Day 3.To the Big Bash and the Sydney Thunder's season has been saved by a last ball 6 in a win oh the Melbourne Stars in Sydney last night. The Stars scored 166 with Kevin Pietersen hitting 60 runs. Thunder all-rounder Andre Russell then was take from the field with a hamstring injury. He was forced to be stretchered off. The home side's chase seemed off-track with 15 required from the final over, but Eoin Morgan stepped up to hit a final ball 6 to help the Thunder to a very dramatic win. To tennis and Australian Jordan Thompson has upset Spanish star David Ferrer to progress to the third round of the Brisbane International. Ferrer had knocked Bernard Tomic out in the first round. Thompson, though, came from a set down after looking beaten to defeat the world No. 21. Meanwhile, Australian teenager DestineeIava's tournament came to an end unfortunately despite a strong effort against vessel vessel vessel. It is all things tennis at the moment. The Australian Open in a little over a week.The teenager who beat Roger Federer has a bright future.Alexander Zverev, the German, yes, very talented.Now the weather with Kirsten who joins us from Fed Square.Good morning.Hey, where are you?My feet are in the water and it is really cold. I don't know if they have sourced it in the Alps of Canada, but it is pretty cold.(LAUGHS) I am a bit nervous bus look at this. This is the guy fixing it with the gaffe. This is the crew. (LAUGHTER) I don't know if I want to be first on this waterslide.Looks like it is good gaffe tape. Is it a slide or more of your - it is not a traditional waterslide. It is a slip and slide. You take a run, do you? Yeah, a traditional slip and slide rather than some crazy waterslide. You should be able to do that.Oh, yeah, it will be foup. Now to the weather around yeah, it will be foup. Now to the
weather around the country: weather around the country: thick cloud and an active monsoon is generating heavy rain and storms mainly in the Kimberley and qual. Cloud over the coast is bringing showers. In WA troughs are bringing hot winds to the south of the state. Around the states in Queensland:

I am gathering the nerves to do this.Good stuff. Let's hope the gaffe tape holds and we will This program is not captioned.

Welcome to News Breakfast. Thanks for watching. Australia races to mend relations with Jakarta as it emerges Indonesia's military did not consult its government before severing ties.

A man seriously injured after falling down a rock face on Sydney Harbour.Fears for a man swept away in floodwaters as parts of North Queensland are drenched by rain. Peter Handscomb's dream run continues as the Victorian notches another century on day two of the third test against Pakistan.Also ahead, the Aussie production company setting the world on fire with its Emmy award-winning special effects. Catastrophic and extreme fire danger for parts of WA, while the heat builds in SA and Victoria.

The Turnbull Government's racing to mend relations with Indonesia after the country's military announced an immediate suspension of the ties between two countries. The move came after Indonesia's military chief took offence to training material which was on display at the SAS headquarters in Perth concerning the Indonesian province of West Parcpua. But the country's Defence Minister says he wasn't consulted a spokesman for President Joko Widodo told Reuters the issue had been exaggerated. It is believed the Australian military is using joint training exercises to recruit its top soldiers. Indonesia correspondent Adam Harvey reports. On the surface, it appeared Australia's and Indonesia's military relationship had recovered from the damage caused by spying scandals and executions but now it is clear there has been trouble brewing for some time. Indonesia's military chief is clearly suspicious of Australia's motives when it says it wants to help. The ABC has obtained footage of a lecture he gave in November in which he makes his feelings clear. TRANSLATION: Every time there is a training program, like recently, the best five or 10 students would be sent to Australia. That happened before I was chief so I let that happen. Once I became chief commander of the national forces, it did not happen again. They will certainly be recruited. They will certainly be recruited.One of the most sensitive topics in Indonesia is West Parcpua and the struggle there for independence. The General clearly believes the Australian military instructors sided with the West Papuans over the rest of Indonesia. TRANSLATION: My officer was told to be assigned over there, to teach Indonesian. He protested. It was thought there that Papa is a nation that is going to get their independence because they are not Indonesia. Like that. So clearly they will recruit them.The General's depths of feeling about West Papua and his suspicion about the real motives for Australia's military help for Indonesia could explain why Indonesia has reacted so severely and suspended all military ties between the two nations. The Australian Defence Minister Marise Payne has denied the Defence Force has been trying to recruit Indonesian soldiers as insiders. She told AM's Kim Landers this morning the concerns were being handled by Defence Force Chiefs and were not raised by the Indonesian Defence Minister during discussions in December.I found out about the concerns being raised in November. The investigation requires an examination of materials, requires interviews with the Australians involved and also an opportunity for the Indonesian officer to comment. These things need to be done appropriately. The inquiry is not quite finalised. That is a matter which is coming close to fruition and, once that is confirmed, then the next actions will be taken. I also communicated with him in December on a range of other matters and this issue was not raised on that occasion. I think the Chief of Army and the Chief of the Defence Force have been dealing with their counterparts.A man has suffered serious head and internal injuries after falling down a cliff on Sydney's north shore. Police were called to the cliff at Kirribilli this morning after reports a man has been fallen between a rock face and walking track. He was taken to hospital. Hopes are fading for a man swept away in floodwaters in Far North Queensland. The 60-year-old was last seen at 6:00pm about 2km north of Tolga near Atherton. The State Emergency Service says the man had been helping direct traffic around floodwaters when he lost his footing. Israel's Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu has called for a soldier convicted of manslaughter for killing a wounded Palestinian attackers to be pardoned. Sami Aslam was 19 when he shot -- Sergeant Elor Azaria was 19 when he shot Abdul Fatah al-Sharif in the head while he was lying injured and unarmed on a road last March. Protests have erupted with a football team and Right Wing politicians rallying in his support. Top military figures say the soldier's actions do not represent the values of the defence force. In New York, a train has derailed in peak hour injuring 100 media. A loud bang and a jolt sent people flying across the carriages as the plane pulled into a Atlantic terminal in Brooklyn. It is not clear what caused the derailment. In Finland, a wildlife park has welcomed a rare addition with a polar bear giving birth to a cub. It is the second cub to be born and survive in captivity in Finn land. The first cub, rans rans, was born to the same mother, Venus in 2011. It now lives in Vienna Zoo. Australia has recorded above-average rainfall for 2016 while ocean temperatures around the country were the highest on record. The Bureau of Meteorology's annual climate statement has found 2016 was the fourth hottest year on record for Australia. It was a year of extremes with flooding Tasmania, fires in WA and droughts in parts of Queensland. A quick look at the weather:

Thanks. Let's go back to Sydney now for more on the man who fell down a cliff on North Shore. Jade Macmillan joins us from Kirribilli. Jade, what happened last night?Good morning. Emergency Services were called to Kirribilli on Sydney's North Shore about half past 1 this morning after receiving reports a man had fallen down a rock face. You can see behind me it is not quite clear what happened yet but it looks as though he may have fallen down here. There is a lookout just above us. Police say he has ended up in between the rock face and this footpath. Neighbours we spoke to say they were woken up by the man's friend screaming for help.Running down the street screaming "Help, it's an emergency". I remember hearing it once in my sleep, I was like "That's weird" and I woke up, then came out and, yeah, it seemed like he had been going around for a little while trying to find someone to come out and help.The nan was treated here by paramedics before being taken to Royal North Shore Hospital where he remains in a serious condition with suspected head and internal injuries.What's happening with the investigation?Police are still investigating exactly what happened. We did see a couple of police officers here earlier in the morning taking some photos of where the incident took place. They also removed a couple of empty alcohol bottles. They are investigating whether alcohol may have been a factor and they are asking anyone who may have witnessed the accident to contact police.Jade, thanks for that update.As we heard, Israel's Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu has called for a soldier convicted of manslaughter for killing a wounded Palestinian to be pardoned. The incident happened last March after another soldier was stabbed. The BBC has more. It is minutes after two young Palestinian men with knives attacked Israeli soldiers in Hebron. Both have been shot. One is dead and one is clearly still alive. Sergeant Elor Azaria, a 19-year-old medic, helped treat a wounded soldier. Then he did this. A single bullet to the head killed Abdul Fatah al-Sharif. Today the sergeant was in a military court smiling to see a friend and his mother but, soon after, he was found guilty of manslaughter. Judges rejected the soldier's claim that the Palestinian posed a threat and decided he shot him out of revenge. But the Sergeant has loyal backers in a country where most young people do military service. They accuse the army of abandoning one of its own.This guy came to do an attack, this soldier is a hero.Such a high-profile trial of a soldier for killing a Palestinian is very unusual in Israel. The outcome was welcomed by the family of Abdul Fatah al-Sharif. TRANSLATION: I feel like any father would feel after seeing my son executed on TV. Murdered. It is still hard for me ref time I remember what happened. If he died instantly, it would be much easier than to see your son executed like that.It took place during a wave of attacks when there was a national debate about how to respond. When he is sentenced, the maximum he could serve is 20 years in jail but he is expected to get far less. WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange has reiterated his claim that Russia was not the source of his site's mass leak of Democratic Party emails in the run-up to the US presidential election.Mr Assange has told Fox News that Hillary Clinton and her campaign chairman John Podesta made almost no attempts to keep their private emails safe.Podesta gave out that his passport was the word "Password". His own staff said "This email you have received, this is totally legitimate". This is something a 14-year-old kid - a 14-year-old kid! - could have hacked Podesta that way. He made almost no attempt to keep them secure from states. Was she trying to keep them secure from the Republicans? Probably. But in terms of foreign states, almost no attempt.That was Julian Assange speaking on the Fox Network, unsurprisingly, Donald Trump has been happy to pass on that news to everyone else.

He went on to Tweet, quoting Assange and describing US media coverage on the issue as very dishonest.There you go. That's back and forth continues in the United States. Let's stay with politics but slightly different and not so serious. Yesterday we mentioned the first day of the new session of congress was in Washington. One new congressman has been upstaged by his son at the swearing-in ceremony. Look at this photo before we show you what happened.

Behind him his teenage son who is trying to dab - we are not quite sure what dabbing is - it involves burying your face in the crook of your elbow.Paul Ryan was the first to pick up what was going on.

Can you put your hand down?OK, I'm sorry.Are you going to sneeze? He's sneezing.Paul Ryan knew exactly what he was doing and Roger Marshall was happy for the excuse he was sneezing. No, he wasn't. He was making a mockery of your big day! Paul Ryan Tweeted afterwards, just 300 members, countless cute kids, still don't get what dabbing is though.Roger Marshall in response tweeted:

On the positive side, as one of our lovely producers said this morning, he is probably one of the best known sworn-in congressman. You wouldn't have known who he was before that. That's a good conspiracy. Good way to get yourself more publicity. Speaking of which...Exactly. Social media is often associated with feelings of depression and anxiety. But a Melbourne University researcher says Facebook, Instagram and Twitter could provide mental health benefits.Looking at depression, anxiety, feelings of wellbeing as well as reported in the different studies. We found very mixed results. We found for some people it was very beneficial. People reported feeling socially connected to others. There was an interesting finding those with social anxiety actually seemed to benefit from being able to connect in a way that's less anxiety-provoking. We also saw that, for those who already have depression and anxiety, that's where we see that it might be more problematic so it might be bringing out some of the negative tendencies that are there.How do you work that out?We don't know what's causing that and which directions things are. Often times there are cross-sectional studies so looking at levels of depression and uses of social media as well so it is hard to say which one causes which.What comes first?Question where you are feeling down, you might start obsessively using Facebook and things like that, that could help bring you down and it can become a spiral from there.How do you know within yourself whether or not you are getting a positive or negative mental health impact from social media?How you feel when you are on it or step away from it. We saw envy is something that's really negative. If you find yourself really jealous of overs like "They have the glamorous life and my life is terrible", that might be an indication there is a problem.That was Peggy earlier on the program. Janet says "Certainly is an avenue for people with narcissistic tendencies to get attention. I guess that's a mental health issue but I'm not sure if it improves. Social media is like parenting, you don't get lessons but you give it a go. Surely the positives outweigh the negatives".I think the internet is unfriendly, ignores people, there is no way to communicate with Google, Twitter. It can't ring them". I guess that is one of the issues we have been discussing, face-to-face versus the anonimity.I don't think there is no doubt about that. The other thing is, as one of our viewers said, you have to work it out for yourself and work out how it can benefit you.And work out when you have crossed the line but when you are so absorbed in it, sometimes it is difficult to see the woods from the trees.That's when you need your friends to reach out to you on a telephone call or catching up. For those who dine out regularly, it would have been hard to miss ancient grains on menus.What are we going to be eating this year?Not flowers! No.I don't have to eat flowers anymore.You will see flowers here and there but perhaps not strewn over the place so you can't see what's underneath. We have had the Christmas indulgence, as January comes, we are thinking about eating healthily. We are going to see very healthy food friends -- trends this year. I don't think we will see vegetarianism or veganism rise as such but chefs using vegetables and meat more thoughtfully.Not so much meat?Almost thinking of meat as the seasoning where the vegetable is the main element of the meal.What's the driver there? People's health concerns or the trends to move towards different ways of keeping your weight down?It is not necessarily so much weight although certainly that comes into it with chefs, they are driven by cost so meat is an expensive ingredient. If you are not using prime cuts and the lesser-known cuts. We have seen pig's ears, pork belly, lamb shanks, honouring the whole animal. There is that element to it. There is an environmental element where chefs are thinking "What can we do that doesn't have such a great weight on the environment?" . Also variety. Vegetables are interesting and we can use them a lot more thoughtfully. One of the trends with vegetables is we talked about the whole beast, we have the whole vegetables. Stalks of vegetables, broccoli stalks, or leaves of beetroot, seeing some of those more often.Tell us about poke?It is different dabbing! It is not even a dance move. It is a Hawaiian fish salad. You could think of it as sushi that is bold, not rolled. It was big in the US last year so coming over from Hawaii to mainland US and certainly a lot of poke food trucks and cafes popping it up. It has hit here in a small way but it is something we will see a lot in 2017. I have brought one in for you to try.I'm up for it. Raw fish, right?It is. You can take the dish in any directionion.I am not being left out here.I offered you one but you have had your brekky! That's salmon lightly seasoned with soy and sesame oil. Usually it is a dish with tuna but you can take it in any direction. The key condiment is a Japanese seasoning that's based on sesame seeds, nore, so seaweed, and benito which is a fish flake and gives a nice salty kick. In Hawaii, you will see it in supermarkets, the equivalent of the 7-Eleven.They just tell the fish?It doesn't have to be with rice. But comfort food is massive but this is taking confident food to a healthy place. What do you reckon?It is beautiful.Is the seasoning nice?It is. It is light and healthy. Are they your tomatoes? I did buy them. I have tomato plants. My ambition is to get one tomato this year.My first ones are coming through, tiny little ones.I bet yours taste better than mine? They do. I snaffled a couple yesterday, very nice.You were talking about being vegan. That is becoming increasingly normalised, if I can put it that way.Definitely. Vegan food is big. A restaurant I went to recently in Melbourne, a Mexican restaurant called Smith & Daughters is vegan without making a big deal out of it. Making less of a big deal out of not eating meat will become more normal. Fringe is a judgemental word but I don't think vegan is going to come into the centre of the way we dine. We are still going to enjoy our meat but perhaps in more moderate forms.Even the word "Vegan", it maybe shocks or startles people but just talk about eating food out of the ground, basically, doesn't it?Yeah.But it is difficult. If you have someone in your family who is vegan, it is no easy task to prepare food. Not as simple as just being a vegetarian. One of your daughters?For a while. If you are invited to dinner, you are a vegan, do you say to your host "Actually I'm vegan, can you cater for that?" Or do you try and get around it? It is a big ask of people.You can pick around the edges of a meal which is likely to have meat...Or eggs or dairy.If you see someone is not partaking of the social occasion, that can lead to uncomfortable feelings on both sides. If I was vegan, I would make it known and perhaps offer to bring along something everybody could share so that at least you have that convivial aspect of the dining occasion.What's the etiquette of just eating in front of people?You can eat in front of the whole of Australia!It is beautiful.Is that seasoning easy to purchase?You can purchase it in Japanese or Asian grocers. Test the sesame seeds, seaweed, benitto, it is another one you can take in different directions.It is a good friend getting towards vegetables not layered with oil or butter or sauce. That moving away from the desire to slather everything.That sprinkling, the judicious use of flavour where we can eat more elegantly where everything has melted cheese or mayonnaise stirred through it.A year of healthy eating.It is up to us, I suppose.Exactly. We are allowed to have the odd naughty thing.I found a word that suits my eating habits. Flex itarian.I'm on board with that.Depends what mood you are in. As long as you keep an eye on what you are eating.It is all about balance.Great start to the year. I am going to finish this during the sports report with Ben. Good morning.Sorry, mate.Plenty of clean eating from the cricketers. Peter Handscomb has helped Australia pile on the runs on day two of the third test against Pakistan. The Victorian joined David Warner and Matt Renshaw as first innings centurions. Pakistan at stumps were 412 runs off Australia's first innings total.Resuming on 167, Matt Renshaw was the man to watch on day two. Fellow newcomer Peter Handscomb looked settled while Pakistan's fielding showed no signs of improvement. COMMENTATOR: (LAUGHS) That sums up... (LAUGHTER) Imran Khan gave his side hope when he bagged ren Renshaw. Out for 184. Debutante Hilton Cartwright had plenty of time to think about his first test match innings.Take that. The Zimbabwean-born all-rounder was showing composure and it rubs off on some of those in attendance.There we go. A normal sip.Cartwright got it wrong on 20 and he slipped up again 10 minutes later.Down it goes. Did it carry? Not sure. He moves late. There it goes. Couldn't catch a cold in the middle of winter.We are falling short in the fielding department by a long way. We have to keep plugging away and make sure we get better and better at it.Handscomb became the third Australian centurion in the innings. That'll do it! Four tests for Peter Handscomb, now two hundreds.The Victorian succumbed to pressure just before tea.He has disturbed the stumps with his bat.But it was still worthy of a toast.Bob Hawke, loves his cricket. Still got the capability of a beer scull.Pakistan was a half century from veteran Eric Carney steadied the ship as the tourists managed to see out the day without further damage. Today is the third day of the test which means Jane McGrath Day with almost everyone that turns out dressed in pink. It is the ninth year in a row for this now-annual tradition. I spoke to Glenn McGrath a short time ago.Come along to day three, the Sydney pink test. See it awash in pink on Jane McGrath Day is something very, very special. I'm pretty busy today so I always take five minutes out to look around, take it all in. It is a very, very special day for myself, the foundation and for my family.The Foundation hoping to raise about $400,000 today. To the Big Bash, the Sydney Thunder's season has been saved by a last-ball six in a thrilling final over against the Melbourne Stars. Kevin Pietersen was the star for his side. He scored 60 runs from 37 deliveries before Thunder all-rounder Andre Russell was taken from the field with a hamstring injury. The home side's chase seemed off-track with 15 required from the final over but Sydney's Eoin Morgan stepped up to hit a final ball six to help the Thunder to a very exciting victory. To tennis, Australian Jordan Thompson has upset David Ferrer to progress to the third round on the Brisbane International. Ferrer had knocked out Bernard Tomic in the first round and looked on track for another win with a first-set triumph. Thompson came back to defeat the world No.21 in the biggest win of his young year. Destanee Aiava's tournament came to an end despite a strong effort against Svetlana Kuznetsava. To the Hopman Cup in Perth, Roger Federer's comeback from injury has suffered its first setback. Federer suffered a surprising loss to Alexander Zverev in their contest. The 19-year-old won in three sets in front of a massive crowd in Perth. Federer did have the last laugh, though, as Switzerland defeated Germany in the deciding mixed doubles tie. It is an opportunity for sportsmanship to go on display. Federer was at his best.

Very close.Can we challenge that? You have one left. Germany are challenging the service line. The ball was called out.

What a good sport Roger is.A good sport that might be regretting his actions after losing that match. In cycling Caleb Ewan has enjoyed the perfect start to the Australian Road Cycling championships in Ballarat. In the hour-long criterium race, he bided his time before claiming victory. He will race in Sunday's road race. Jessica Allen cruised to a comfortable win. A bit more cycling to come including the road race final on Saturday and Sunday for the men's and women's.Caleb Ewan is tough.He fell off on Sunday. He is back on his bike and doing well.Big weekend for the national champs. Thanks.Big day, too, for Kirsten. She is at Fed Square. Hello.Hello. Slide The Square. 75m running the length of Fed Square. It is open for 12 days until 15 January. It gets pretty busy later in the day. Open from 10:00am until 8:00pm. Hopefully won't get bowled over! It is filled up with water now so ready to go. Maybe I might go, let's check your weather. I'm just stalling. Thick cloud in the tropics in an active monsoon is generating heavy rain and storms mainly in the Kimberly and north-east Queensland. Cloud over the NSW coast is bringing showers. In WA, troughs are drawing hot winds to the south of the State. Very warm winds and thunder to SA and Victoria. Checking the States:

There is a catastrophic fire danger warning for the Exmouth coast, Roe and Bill damage redistricts.

I think I might have to go in the slide. I have a picture of my cameraman, Simon, who I don't know if he will qualify past the height restrictions.The little fella!I did ask him if I could do that first.It looks like so much fun that you, at this stage, would be harder not to have a go.It is warming up now. The water is not so freezing. I might do it.You are dressed for it. Looking forward to it.I'm not a water bunny, it could go really bad.All the safety measures are on hand there. We will cross back to Kirsten later on.We have the gaffa tape.The slip 'n' slide, ever done that?Washing deter gent.The problem is when it runs out and you hit the grass.The future of joint military exercises between Indonesia and Australia remains in doubt after Indonesia's military announced an immediate suspension of cooperation.The retired Major General Jim Molan says Australia and Indonesia need to work together for the good of the region. The intervention of the Indonesian Defence Minister indicates that they really - that he was not aware of what was occurring and that he has stepped in to come the whole thing down, so that's great. The fact we have a military, or any relationship, with Indonesia is to me always a miracle. There are no two countries in the world so close as Australia and Indonesia yet so totally different. We overcome the cultural differences and process differences each and every day of the week. At the working level, quite often we make errors but I've got to say that, at the political leadership level, ours and our military leadership level, we work very, very hard and very effectively to maintain that relationship and I think the intervention by the Indonesian Defence Minister last night indicates that he has possibly a more mature view of the relationship than do the military people who spoke in the last couple of days. I think what we have got to do... We should never surrender our sovereignty to Indonesia. We should always stand up for what we are and what we believe in but Indonesia, particularly in relation to the South China Sea, Indonesia and Australia share a common interest in working together for the region and for our own self-interest and I think, because of this, it is worth becoming very, very much involved, gaining the trust of the General and hoping that he will trust us ultimately.Retired Major General Jim Molan providing some analyse on that stand-off as it stands today and there will be more developments through the day.He seems fairly optimistic it is going to be resolved.Australia has recorded above-average rainfall for 2016 while ocean temperatures around the country were highest on record.The Bureau of Meteorology explains why we saw such unusual weather patterns.It was our fourth warmest year on record. That's unusual when we have that amount of rainfall over the continent. It was also a very wet period during the middle of the year. May to September record rainfall in the Murray-Darling Basin which was good for agriculture. In the middle of the year especially we had an influence from record sea surface temperatures around Australia. They were dragging moisture over the continent and producing a lot of rainfall. Around the country, we had record sea surface temperatures. Particularly in the Tasman, to the north of the continent. That really forced a lot of these really heavy rainfall events. In Tasmania, we had record amounts of atmospheric moisture associated where that w that flood -- with that flooding, that was similar to the end of year as well. The finance news, campaigners fighting to get a better deal for British retirees living in Australia say that are hopeful of getting pensions of unfrozen. 250,000 Britons have retirees which are not indexed. Campaigners hope the system will change if Australia can secure a new trade deal once Britain exits the EU.A report from the Grattan Institute claims both Federal and state governments can do little to encourage job growth in regional and rural Australia. It says the nation's economy is concentrated in large cities because businesses value being close to one another. The Institute has described the Government's record of pumping money into regional and rural Australia is ineffective. Regional towns should focus on what they are good at, such as local jobs and universities.

China's capital Beijing has issued a red alert for smog for a second day running with visibility as low as 50m in some parts of the city.Parts of the country have been choking through weeks of winter air pollution, halting transport and causing outdoor activities to be cancelled.Planes grounded, tollways closed, sky scrapers rise from a blanket of smog. In Beijing, officials say both air pollution and the weather are to blame as thick cloud reduces visibility even further and prompts a fog red alert for a second day. TRANSLATION: I feel so depressed. I have a child but I can only keep him at home. He can't go out for sunshine. This really worries me. It is grey everywhere. I don't know where our future is.Meanwhile the capital has also issued orange alerts for smog as the air quality index exceeds 300, a level deemed to be hazardous and have long-term impacts for health. TRANSLATION: Nobody likes smog, the smog brings many negative impacts to people's emotions and we all feel very bad about this. We see items on social media and read media reports every day about smog and they make us feel so depressed. We really hope we can live with blue skies and have good health.In at least 25 cities, schools, factories and construction sites closed as they issued their own red alerts. Pollution alerts are not uncommon in China during winter when energy demand soars and much of it is met by coal. TRANSLATION: I will consider emigration if permitted and we are still waiting for emigration information. On the other hand, of course, I hope the air can be improved because I think the elderly and the children are greatly affected.Championship says it is in its third year of a war on pollution, aiming to reverse the environmental damage dealt by decades of fast economic growth. While 2016 saw 12 more blue sky days than the previous year, the average air pollution levels still exceeded national air quality standards. Hardly a ray of sunshine for Beijing residents.

We will stay in Asia because 5.5 years after the nuclear disaster at Fukushima, Japan is still grappleing with the question of whether to start the idle reactors.Over six more plants were opened to meet the energy needs but there are huge doubts about whether they will ever be turned on.Japan has invested a lot of money in nuclear power generation, dating back as far as the 1960s. By 2011, a third of Japan's energy needs were being met by its fleet of 54 nuclear reactors scattered around the country. But when disaster struck at Fukushima, the Government ordered all nuclear plants to shut down for a safety review. Now four nuclear reactors have restarted, 11 are being decommissioned, 22 are still under a safety review while the fate of another 20 is yet to be decided. There is a plan to start five or six more reactors in 2017 but Prime Minister Abe and the Government and the utility industry experienced a lot of difficulties this year. There was public opposition to restarting the reactors in Kushi.That was amplified when a major earthquake hit that same region hit a few months after it restarted.This cannot go on indefinitely.The Government has said very little in recent months about its energy policy. The Prime Minister hopes 20% of Japan's future energy needs will be met by nuclear power but that target is looking increasingly hard to achieve. While the nuclear authority has given the go ahead for some reactors to be switched back on, local people and politicians are raising their voices in protest. Now time for a very interesting interview. 2016 was an outstanding year for Australian visual effects producers with one company doing especially well on the world stage. Iloura won both an Emmy and AACTA award for its work on the hugely popular TV show Game Of Thrones. Glenn Melenhorst is the company's visual effects supervisor and he joins us now. Welcome. Congratulations.Thank you very much. A great year.Been a great couple of years when you look at the work you have been doing. Absolutely, thank you.We are familiar with your work on Game Of Thrones. We have some vision of the piece-by-piece digital work you do. Take us through the process.As you can see on the screen now, thousands of actors, they had 300 people with horses on the day...That's being filmed in situ.Yeah. So we had to extend that into about 3,000 both sides of the armies, all the action. A whole bunch of very close-up horses and humans as well so it was very complex for us because it wasn't just doing small distant characters and thousands of them and making them behave correctly. It was doing this stuff very close to the lens and selling it as being totally photo real. The idea when you see this, you don't know what's real and what's not. We had to be careful picking problems with the work to make sure we were looking at one of our horses and not a real one. It got complicated. Every horse has a couple of million hairs on it. They had to be groomed. A lot of fine detail that went into it.Digitally, you built the horse from the inside out.It is important the muscle drives the skin correctly and the bits of fat...You can't build a program that says "This is how a horse works, make 10,000".We build a brain, it is like controlling AI, we tell it how the horse veers, runs sideways, front, that is hand animated and the horse is about to hit another horse, turn right or left. If a horse is about to die. We put those things that into the system, that's the background guys. The close-up is carefully hand animated.How do you come to this stage where you are an award-winning, world-leading expert in this field? How did you get into the movie-making and animation? Iloura has been going for 30 something years. We started off doing television commercials. Hundreds of commercials. We got our start in the Hollywood field back in our first film was Charlotte's Web. We animated Wibur, the pig. It was a big step for us. We put our heart and soul into that. That led on and we have been very carefully building up to this position. I think we have got about 40 or 50 full-time staff at Iloura but we scale for every show so we bring in artists as needed. Every show needs a different type of artist, sometimes it is simulation heavy, on Thrown thrones, we got to 120.You are working in different time scales.We Skype and use a program that lets us draw all over our work, they can draw all over it.You work on a scene overnight, they wake up?No, it is shot by shot. We review every shot independently. Every shot goes through the whole system, then goes up to the producers and we talk about it.128 hours nor a second?It varies but it is a lot of work. Thrones was eight months for the team, 20 minutes of screen time. You start with nothing, all the study of motion, all those things take time. You built Ted?Yes! He comes from South Melbourne. That's right. We had a scrappy PDF of what he might look like but we built them up.If the kids want to watch a kids' movie, don't watch Ted! What's your Sistine Chappell Cha -- Chapel? What's the work you live up to as best of the best?Apart from our work, every year it gets trumped because the technology is increasing. An amazing growth area. Any digital film even from five years ago, you pick holes through it. It is one of those lovely things I can show my kids some of the older movies and they are pretty jaded by it.They look dated to you?Yeah. Can you even enjoy...Of course.You can sit back and not analyse it.You take the work hat off and enjoy a film like everything else. People presume I am studying everything I watch and picking it apart, occasionally I do, if it is not a great film, I pick it apart technically out of boredom. But if it is a good film, I don't blink. Star Wars came back with a flash, then too much animation. They've pulled back, I reckon they've got a good balance, what do you make of what Star Wars has done?I think you are right. Jaja, it wasn't a problem with the visual effects, it was a problem with the film making - I don't want to start telling people how to make film but the stories weren't probably as great as they should be. There was a lot of polish on the visual effects, everything looked hyper clean and hyper real. The new stuff feels more gritty. With Thrones we couldn't throw enough dirt and mud and dust and making it feel visceral and real is what they've done with the new Star Wars films. More like the first film, not so polished. People respond that to that.Do you get a say in the actual script? "Yes that's possible".It depend on the film. Films are forever being rewritten and re-imagined. Some films we have been upstairs generating new scenes as thumbnail an mattics and filming them the next day trying to get stuff done the next day. There are TV shows like Thrones where you don't have a say, you know what is required, they have very strict guidelines as to what they want. You fill out the dotted line.How are you going interacting with top execs in Hollywood now?It is great.Your bargaining power is substantially bigger.Everybody knows about the success which has been great. We are not the only people to win an award so it is not like we are coming in on a golden chariot.What would you like to do? My history is in animation, in character animation, I think things like Sponge Bob and Ted are things I enjoy. Other people love straight simulation. Who would love to blow up buildings...Deep Water Horizon would have been a different thing. That's right. We have so many different facets to what we do. Everybody has a different area of expertise.What's the toughest thing you've ever had to animate?Thrones was easily the hardest work we have had to do. Which is saying a lot because it is television. It shows where TV is going with things like Netflix and HBO. Definitely Thrones was the most difficult.What are you working on now?Some more Thrones. Following up another film for Sony after doing Ghostbusters#25eb... You sign NDAs this thick. When we got the an mattic for Thrones, the very thing I saw was Jon Snow was alive...You could have made more money!I have never held a secret more tightly in my life. You have to be careful.I loved those scenes on ghost busters.Good.Amazing work. Thanks for coming in.My pleasure. We will not talk about Peppa Pig, what do you think of Peppa Pig?I love it, the I loved the previous show the Big Night, that was hugely popular in my house.Nice to meet you.My pleasure.The sporting news ahead of another big day at the cricket.No animation or simulation, real in the cricket and real for Pakistan who will resume at 2/126 when play gets under way on day three of the third test in Sydney. The fans will be dressed in pink for the Jane McGrath Day as the McGrath Foundation raises funds for breast care nurses. When play resumes, Pakistan will be chasing Australia's first innings total which included three separate centurions including Peter Handscomb. Pakistan are more determined and had a bit of luck late yesterday and will be hoping that continues today. To the Big Bash, the Sydney Thunder's season has been saved by a last-ball six from Eoin Morgan in the final over against the Melbourne Stars. The Stars scored 166 with Kevin Pietersen hitting 60 runs of its own including a lovely reverse sweep for four. Andre Russell was taken from the field with a hamstring injury and had to leave on a stretcher. The home side's chase did look off track with 15 required from the final over but Morgan stepped up and slotted the big six on the final ball to help Thunder to that dramatic victory. To tennis, Australian Jordan Thompson has upset Spanish star David Ferrer to progress to the third round of the Brisbane International. Ferrer had knocked out Tomic from the event in the first round. Thompson, though, showed his class and came back from a set down to defeat the world No.21. Unfortunately, though, it wasn't all good news for the Australians. Destanee Aiava's tournament came to an end despite a strong effort against a much higher-rated Svetlana Kuznetsava. To the Hopman Cup in Perth, Roger Federer's comeback has hit a snag. He has suffered sa loss to teenager Alexander Zverev in their contest in Perth in front of a big crowd. The 19-year-old won in three sets and was looking very, very talented. Federer did have the last laugh, though, as Switzerland defeated Germany in the deciding mixed doubles tie. From someone very young doing good things to someone very old. 105-year-old cyclist Robert Marchand has completed 22km in a velodrome in one hour which is the furthest anyone has gone in an hour who has been aged 105 or over. He was disappointed, though, he said he could have done better which is quite something.I agree, he was going very slowly!I thought 26 k's at least.Kirsten is at Fed Square. You have to give us the weather but you've had three hours to warm up now!Are you telling me I can't get out of this?I reckon. I am going to do it. I am going to very ungracefully

Alright. I'm nearly there. It is a bit longer than I thought! 75m!I know Simon has rigged you up with some good audio equipment there so if possible could you commentate your way down the slide?Well, if possible could you commentate
your way down the slide?Well, I'm your way down the slide?Well, sitting the tube now. I've got the lovely man to push me down it. My bottom is in it. I think I'm going. I'm hitting the side! I'm trying to do this really gracefully.Don't try for graceful, go for speed!I'm going to make it to the end! for graceful, go for speed!I'm
going to make it to the end! I survived!(APPLAUSE) They are here until 15 January. I can recommend it. It's quite fun! She is not coming back now.Hold that pose. Kirsten, thanks for your work this morning.Thank you.We are glad she is safe. They did have the gaffa tape out this morning. There was some concern.All good, I think. I admire her. Fortunately it is a warm day today in Melbourne so that helps.We hope you have a warm day wherever you are. Stay safe as well. Come back to News Breakfast tomorrow morning, we'll be here. We are going to leave you, I think, with News Breakfast's own Henry Wagons who has music he played in the studio a little while ago.

(SINGS) # I got me a girl back in Boulder # She's got me down to have a kid or three # Together we want to get us much older # But there's a thing we can't ignore here # You and me # Head or heart # Which one will tell it to me straight # One says keep on keeping on # The other shut the gate # Head or # Head # We had the conversation about kissin' # That's something we'd both like to do # Before I knew it she planted one on me # And I really didn't know what to do # Well my heart is beatin' # And my mind is racein' # My heart is beatin' # My mind is racing # Head or heart # Head or This program is not captioned.

This program is live captioned by Ericsson Access Services.

Today - the Australian Government tries to smooth the waters with Indonesia after extraordinary allegations by a military leader.

The Israeli PM supports a pardon for a soldier found guilty of shooting dead a wounded Palestinian attacker. A man in hospital with serious injuries after falling o of a cliff in Sydney. And the weather bureau confirms 2016 was the fourth hottest year on record for Australia.

Hello and welcome to Mornings. I'm Joe O'Brien. Taking a quick look at the weather first in the capital cities around the nation today.

Big falls up around central and northern Queensland over the past