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(generated from captions) This program is not captioned. Today: Donald Trump, defender of ethics, kind of. House republicans quickly reverse a plan after he tweets his disapproval. The AMA calls for a nationwide gun register to reduce firearms incidents. More people arrested over the Istanbul nightclub attack, but the hunt continues for the gunman. And Kenya goes green: How the African nation is outperforming Australia in renewable energy. Hello and welcome to Mornings. I'm Joe O'Brien. Looking at the weather in the capital cities around the nation today:

Wall Street rose on the first trading day of the year. The Dow put on 0.6%. We'll check the figures here in Australia with Sue Lannin a little later. First to this developing story about the earthquake and possible tsunamis south of Fiji. An earthquake has struck just over 200km from the city of Nadi. The US Geological Survey has reviewed the data and downgraded it to a magnitude 6.9 at a depth of 17 kilometres. A tsunami threat message has been issued. It says based on all available data, Hazardous tsunami waves are forecast for some coast, reaching to 0.3m to 1m above tide level are possible for some coasts of Fiji. Those waves would probably have already reached Suva at 9:25. That's eastern daylight time here in Australia. A senior seismologist at geoscience Australia joins us now online. Talk us through what you detected there just about an hour ago.At about 10:53am, local Fijian time, there was a magnitude 7 earthquake 200km west of Nadi and a local tsunami threat warning was issued.Talk us through the depth at which it happened and what's the likely effect of an earthquake that happens at that kind of depth.OK. So it was a shallow earthquake in the top, say, 10km, 20km of the crust. Sometimes earthquakes of magnitude 7 at that depth have a potential for a tsunami and so that's why a tsunami threat bulletin was issued. It was felt as weak shaking in Suva and Nadi. And we've just received a bulletin from the warning system saying the threat has passed. It doesn't seem like a tsunami was generated.OK. Yeah. So no, um, tsunami no indication of a tsunami at this stage inNot a at this stage, no.Describe where this happened in terms of the seismology of the south Pacific?It occurred close to a plate boundary between the Australian plate and the Pacific plate, where you normally get a large number of earthquakes occurring. This is unusual in that it occurred a -- occurred a little bit away from the plate boundary. They have the potential to generate tsunamis. And just a fact that I was thinking of that you might be able to clarify for us from this. With this one, they only... The Pacific Tsunami Warning Centre only issued that threat message to a radius of 300km from the epicentre. Why wouldn't it be the case, if a tsunami was generated, that it wouldn't make its way any further towards, say, places like Vanuatu.Oh, it's just the size of the earthquake. From our experience, earthquakes of this size tend to dissipate beyond distances of 200km.OK, thank you very much for taking us through that this morning. And bringing us that news that there no longer appears to be any tsunami threat for the south Pacific.Thank you. US President-elect Donald Trump has unleashed another storm of criticism on social media overnight, tweeting about a range of issues, including car-maker General Motors and the US Congress. Stephanie March has more. Donald Trump has been very busy on Twitter, as he often is. Today is also a very busy day here in Washington. It's the first session of Congress since the November election that saw Donald Trump sweep to power and Republicans hold their majority in both the House and the Senate. Now, it was supposed to be quite a triumphant day for Republicans coming in with a lot of new members, but it's been overshadowed somewhat by a bit of a division between Donald Trump and the rank and file of his party. Late last night, members of the Republican House met here in Washington and unexpectedly voted to essentially gut an ethics watchdog that was set up in 2008 to have oversight over members of Congress and is able to investigate them for any potential ethical breaches. They voted last night to pretty much abolish that body and set it up with something a lot weaker. That took a lot of people by surprise, including, it seems, their leader, Donald Trump. This morning, from Trump Tower in New York, he sent out a tweet that said, "With all that Congress has to work on, do they really have to make the weakening of the Independent Ethics Watchdog, as unfair as it may be, their number one act and priority. They should be focusing on tax reform, health care and so many other things." That obviously created a bit of a stir here in Washington and several hours later, Republicans met again, and decided to reverse their decision. So things are not off to a smooth start for this new administration. And Republican Congressmen and women were trying to play down the division and the reversal when they were heading in and out of the chamber this morning. Let's have a listen to what outgoing Ethics Committee chairman, Republican Congressman Charlie Dent, had to say when he was confronted by reporters earlier today.It's been withdrawn by unanimous consent. I voted against the proposal last night. What role did Donald Trump's tweet play in your decision this morning? I don't know that it played any role in my decision. But maybe in some others.Donald Trump is being able to wield a great deal of influence from the confines of Trump Tower or his luxury resort in Florida, simply by sending out a tweet. In recent months, he's used speeches and particularly Twitter to name and shame American manufacturing companies that he accuses of taking jobs overseas or shutting down some of their manufacturing operations in the United States. Car manufacturers have been one of his main targets. This morning, he took to Twitter to criticise General Motors for making a car in Mexico and then selling it to dealers in the US, saying this he would impose a big border tax on them if they keep doing it. Now, around the same time, the Ford Motor Company announced that it's deciding to scrap plans to build a $1.6 billion plant in Mexico and instead it's going to expand its operations in Michigan in Detroit, creating 700 new jobs and investing about $700 million into that plant there. And the Ford Motor Company, while its CEO, Mark Fields... He didn't say that Donald Trump directly had an influence on their decision by way of his threats and his shaming, but he did say that the pro-growth policies that he's been pushing throughout the campaign and in recent weeks did play a role. Stephanie March there. The White House says more prisoners from Guantanamo Bay prison will be transferred after President-elect Donald Trump is inaugurated. It follows Mr Trump tweeting that he believed there would be no more releases of terror suspects from the site. A spokesman says he'll expect additional transfer of inmates from the naval jail in Cuba after January 20. Last month, a source said President Obama was planning to transfer 18 prisoners to other facilities. The Australian Medical Association is calling for a national real-time firearms register to reduce gun violence. The sporting shooters association says the AMA's proposal is unnecessary because there are state-based registries, but the peak medical group says the state systems are not effective in reducing firearm incidents. The AMA says there needs to be a central database where authorities like hospitals can access firearm information.When it comes to matters of public health issue, we believe we have a role and a responsibility to speak out, in fact a foremost responsibility. Public ownership of guns in the community is a risk to public health and for that reason, we feel we have a duty and an obligation to speak on this matter. The evidence is clear - since the 1996 firearms agreement, the number of deaths by guns in the community have significantly reduced, more than halved. There's been over a million guns handed back through various amnesties over that period of time. We are the ones who have to - my colleagues in ED have to deal with the effects, the trauma, the carnage that is brought on by the, you know, illicit gun use in the community and, in fact, even in the cases where the majority of cases of accidents by gun are by, you know, through suicides and that is the significant majority of the cases and that's a mental health issue that we all have to deal with. So I think we really are qualified because of our everyday exposure to this area. And joining me now is Liberal Democrat senator David Leyonhjelm. Senator, welcome. Doesn't a national registry make sense instead of this, like, patchwork system?I'm not sure what problem it's trying to fix, but we are actually moving towards an interchange between the state registries now. The thing is, though, the Medical Association says in its own release - and I wonder how they know, because they don't know much about guns - but in their release they say there's somewhere between 260,000 and 6 million illegal guns. Now, obviously, the registries in each state only keep track of the ones that are known about, of which there are many millions of course. So how does it help to have a national registry of guns - and they're already registered state but by state and they're working towards an interchange of information between the states so that they're sharing information - how will that help with up to 6 million illegal guns? You know, it makes no sense. It's an irrational comment. What it portrays is the doctors union doesn't know about guns and they ought to stick to fixes up bodies.Isn't it rational in the sense of just having one registry instead of seven with all sorts of different information and different ways of collatings information, where it can just be in one central spot, it's a 21st-century approach to doing it. Well, I think we're still waiting for the first crime to be solved by having a registry of guns even at a state level. New Zealand had a registry of guns and abandoned. Canada had a registry of guns and abandoned it. It doesn't achieve anything. Crimes with guns are committed primarily by, um, by up registered guns...Well, the AMA is also talking about suicides.Well, even then...They say that's a huge portion of deaths from guns.Indeed, although it's not that high. But the issue there, of course, is that if people are going to kill themselves, this they don't have a gun available to do it, they'll do it with another method. There's plenty of academic research which shows that. We're not talking about stopping suicides. It's only the methodology they're arguing about.The AMA is proposing a couple of other things, some other elements to this. They say gun licences should be refused to individuals who are subject to retraining orders.That's already the law.And also, gun licences should be refused to individuals who have a conviction for firearms offences or violence in the past five years.That's already the law. So they're on the money there.They don't know what they're talking about. People say the gun laws should be strengthened and you say to them, "What are the gun laws now?" And they haven't got a clue. How should they be strengthened? They haven't got a clue. It's a nice-sounding name. The AMA is a doctors' union, that's what it amounts to. Why should we take them seriously? Why not ask the a Ambos' union or the firemen's union or whatever. They shouldn't be taken seriously because they're doctors. There's on old joke - what's the different between a doctor and God? God doesn't think he's a doctor. What's the point of playing the man rather than the ball?Well, I'll talk about the issues, I'm happy to talk about the issues, but the registry we addressed. They're talking about new technology, um, somehow or other being relevant to lever-action and pump-action shut guns - well, any kind of firearms, rifles as well. It's a 150-year-old technology. They've just got their facts wrong.OK. Just on a couple of other issues, today the Centrelink story is one of our stories and so the Government is pursuing people over money owed to Centrelink. The Government says it's re-Cupid about $300 million so far. -- recouped about $300 million so far but one in five don't actually owe money. The Opposition is calling for the program to be scrapped. What do you think should happen?There seems seems to be a problem with Centrelink that originates, I think from old computers. I think they have a very old computer system in there and they just don't seem to be able to get it to work right. There is talk about upgrading it and I think a lot of their problems originate interest that. Yes, they need to be very sensitive to these people. Often they're down to their last dollar or two and to go collecting money from people who don't owe in the first place causes stress to people who live from week to week or fortnight to fort fight on their benefits or their pay packet and supplements and that sort of stuff. You've got to be careful about interfering with the cashflow of people like that and telling them you owe money when you don't. There's obviously a systemic problem in Centrelink.What do you think should happen with the program, then? Do you think it should be halted or scrapped?No, it's perfectly legitimate to go after people who owe money and say you've got to pay it back. If it's Centrelink's mistake, obviously, they've got to be gentle about how they take it back from them. We're talking about taxpayers' money here so we can't just go handing it out willy-nilly but if if somebody who is on benefits is... Owes money back to the government, you can't go retrieving it at a fast rate and causing stress. But I think the underlying problem is Centrelink's computers. They're going to have to bite the bullet and fix them up. What you've said there seems in stark contrast to your comments about the pension debate the other day, when you said, um, we've got to get over this thing, any perception that you should be proud to be on a pension. You should not be proud to be on the pension. Do you stand by those comments?Absolutely.Doesn't that denigrate people who are on the pension? How do you think that makes people who are legitimately on the pension feel?It wasn't intended to denigrate people who are legitimately on the pension. The issue really is who is legitimately on the pension - that's the point I'm trying to make. It's nothing to be proud of to be on the pension because it signifies that you are a low-income person. I'm not saying you should be ashamed of it. Some people say you should be ashamed of it but that's not the converse of not being proud of something. My wife and I travel internationally all the time - quite regularly. We're always meeting people who are quite well off, quite prosperous, but are spending up big to go home and qualify for the pension. That's what I'm talking about. They treat it as a sort of a reward for being of a certain age, as if they should be proud of it. Now, for people who need to be on the pension, who have a low income, couldn't survive in a decent standard of living without the pension, I have no quarrel with that at all and I'm perfectly willing to accept that even under the right circumstances, the pension should be increased for people who rely entirely on the pension. But what we're talking about here is people who live in multimillion-dollar houses, often, who have $1 million in the bank or in financial assets, squealing because they have to spend some of that money to live on instead of receiving a pension or a part pension. What they want to do is leave their money to their kids. Now, that's not a matter for subsidisation but subsidy by taxpayers. Senator David Leyonhjelm, thanks for joining us this morning.My pleasure. A minor earthquake - oh, it looks like we've changed that story there. I'll just mention that there was a minor earthquake just south of Sydney earlier this morning, I think it was about 3.9 near annin. There are no reports of any -- Appin. There are no reports of any damage from that. But we've had this 7.2 quake south-west of Fiji about 220km south-west of Fiji that struck just over an hour or so ago. We were just talking to someone from Geosciences Australia who said that the threat had apparently now passed. Susan Slattery is an aid worker in Suva with Red Cross Australia and she joins me now via Skype. Susan, you've been evacuated there. What was the situation there today?Yeah, so we were evacuated out of our office, as was pretty much everybody in Suva, particularly those around the low-lying areas of Suva. So the warning has just passed and so people have started to move back into their offices and homes. But you can still see quite a lot of movement and sound behind me. But yeah, certainly the whole city was on the move. Did you feel the quake earlier today?No. I didn't feel the quake. Right. Is this something that... Are there quakes frequently in Fiji? Are people used to this? Is this something quite novel where everyone has tufly got off the coast and got to higher ground?So there are some level of earthquakes in and around Fiji fairly constantly or fairly often but this level of earthquake is unusual and certainly this close to the main islands is unusual and having the resultant tsunami warning is not common. I've been here for just over one year and this is actually probably the about the third tsunami warning I've had in Suva in that time.How does the process work there? I guess after, in particular, the Japanese earthquake and tsunami, the world became a lot more aware of earthquakes and the system of warning people and getting to them - getting them to higher ground.Yeah. Just based on what you've seen there, how does the system work? And does it feel pretty effective?So the National Disaster Management Office and the disaster coordinating body actually did a tsunami planning session not so long ago so it's fresh in everybody's minds, which is great. But here, the way that it works is that the Government makes the call. So the Pacific Tsunami Warning Centre puts out a warning and then the Fijian government has the responsibility then to pass that information on, which they did today and so hence everybody was standing up here on top of the hills.Yeah. And they did that in pretty good time?Yeah, certainly well ahead of the time that the wave was due to pass through Suva if it was going to do so.Yeah. And there's no indication that there has been any wave whatsoever? You haven't heard of anything there?No. We just - as we started just a few minutes before, we got the information that the warning had passed and so people started to move back into their officeless.Great to hear the warning has passed and everybody is OK.That's right. That's right. Thanks for joining us this morning. Thank you. Thanks. Kelvin Anthony works in an office building in Suva which was evacuated and he joins us on the phone now. You were also evacuated?Yes, I was. I'm in an office in Suva at the Australian Pacific office right in the heart of Suva city. Yeah. How close to the coast are you there?Just a few metres away from the wharf, from the Suva wharf. Was it a case of tens of thousands of people getting out of the city and moving up to higher ground. No. We have a good process in place internally and we vacated the office we were occupying and headed to a safe spot for those staff who needed to move. But while walking out and on our way to the... To the... Safe spot, we were... We didn't really... Notice a lot of movement. I guess the people on the street were sort of not aware of this thing, this tsunami threat that had been given. And so were you telling other people as you moved on? Was there a word spread through the community that you'd got to get to higher ground? communications person
Yeah, obviously, I'm a communications person so the first thing I did was go onto social media, Twitter, and start to pass out the message through Twitter that there was a warning and people need to react and then I guess it got picked up by a few of my followers and then by their followers and so, we were the first ones at the safety assembly area and then we saw people walking in their hundreds to the safety spots.Is there good awareness there in Fiji of the safety assembly areas?Um: Much. I wouldn't be able to comment on that, but in the case of our office and some other offices around Suva centre, all the... We could see everyone making their way to the safety spots. But in terms of, like, getting this news first and on the media, I think that's... That would be sort of, um, one thing that I picked out was that, you know, I could not get any updates on local media and social platforms or the radio. But I did get updates via ABC, SBS, Radio New Zealand, so these were the first sort of media outlets that I got my updates from. Yeah. That's important for us to know in terms of the... Yeah, the importance of the messages that we send out here from the Australian media for people who are in Fiji. Kelvin, did you actually feel the quake? It was a fair distance from you, about 220km, but it was up around 7 and they've brought it down to 6.9 now?Yeah, so we were just sitting in our office having a normal working day and then we felt a slight tremor and we could actually feel it on level six of our building and then, you know, even before the advisory came, one of our managesers, who has sort of had, I guess, previously been in situations like this, quickly advised everyone that, you know, that's an earthquake and that we've got to move. We also had power cuts, so it went on off, on off, about two or three times. Oh, right.So then we made the... We vacated the building.So it sounds like people on the main Fijian islands are OK. Are you aware of any other islands between the main island and where this earthquake struck? Is it pretty well clear water between the earthquake spot and the main island there?As we speak, already I'm sort of back to my... I'm walking through into my office and while we were at the assembly area, the safety spot, I was speaking to a couple of friends who had quickly spoken to family and friends in other parts of Fiji and one feedback I got was that the guys in Nadi had sort of felt... Sort of, they had really felt the tremor, strongly.Yeah. Right.That's the word I got from my colleague after she had spoken to her family member. Yeah. OK, Kelvin Anthony, thank you so much for talking to us this morning. Good to hear that everyone there is OK as far as we know at this stage, and there was no tsunami waves.
Thank you very much. Former One Nation senator Rod Culleton has defended his involvement in an ugly confrontation outside a Perth court. Senator Culleton said he was ambushed when leaving a bankruptcy hearing by former WA Liberal MP Anthony Fels. The ABC understands Senator Fels was trying to serve Mr Culleton with court documents. Mr Culleton said he needed to go to hospital after the scuffle. Turkish police officers have made two more arrests but the gunman who killed 39 people is still on the run. The Islamic State group claims it carried out the attack for Turkish military action in Syria. Europe correspondent James Glenday reports. The 39 who were murdered early on New Year's Day are making their final journeys home. Hundreds mourn here in Jordan, while in Israel, the death of a 19-year-old has devastated an entire town. TRANSLATION: Today was announced as a day of morning, a day of anger and solidarity with the family. At the scene of the atrocity in Istanbul, around 200 people gathered in a show of solidarity and to protest the terrorist attacks that are crippling Turkey's tourism industry. TRANSLATION: They want to accustom us to grisly attacks. I am here to show that I will not surrender to this violence. This security camera vision shows the moment the attacker entered the Reina nightclub. The owners were powerless to protect the party-goers inside and lucky to escape with their lives. TRANSLATION: They carried out a massacre. He was like a mad dog. As I fell, I couldn't see how many people were there or what it was. I just saw an armed man, who turned on me.More than a dozen people have been taken into custody in connection with the attack, including two foreigners who were detained at Istanbul airport. Police have also searched several properties in this neighbourhood, which is home to many Central Asian immigrants. The man in this selfie video is still the main suspect. Security experts say he's likely to have trained with terrorists in Syria. Thousands of heavily armed police are working around the clock to find him. Let's take a look at business news now and it's a very good morning to Sue Lannin. What's happening with the news that Ford is not going to move into Mexico?That's been received very positively by the market. Shares jumped as much as 4% overnight in the US. Instead, as we've said, Ford will spend $700 million US and hire 700 workers and expand production in Michigan in the US instead of building a new plant in Mexico. Overnight, the Ford boss outlined plans to build the new vehicles. New, hybrid autonomous vehicle, a long-range battery-electric SUV, a Mustang hybrid, an F-150 hybrid, a Transit custom plug-in hybrid, two new hybrid police vehicles, wireless charging, a $700 million investment and 700 new US jobs resulting in the transformation of this plant into one of the world's most flexible and high-tech manufacturing centres. To the markets now. The Australian market is slightly higher in early trade. The All Ordinaries index is up about 0.1%.

Staying on good economic data, US factories expanded at the fastest pace in two years last month. The Institute for Supply Management said its manufacturing index rose to nearly 54 points in December, the highest reading for the year and the fourth month of expansion in a row. New orders and export orders jumped and employment data increased as well. Other data show construction spending rose nearly 1% in November. And the first dairy auction of the year has seen international milk prices fall. The global dairy price index fell nearly 4% with an average selling price of above $3,400 US a tonne. The steep drop in the price of milk powder pulled down the index. The outcome was worse than predicted as prices have recovered amid stronger international demand. Of course, dairy farmers in Australia are struggling to survive amid global oversupply. That's all in finance for now. I'll be back next hour. Thanks, Sue. Time for a check of the weather and it's a good morning once again to Kirsten Diprose. Rain is still Kirsten Diprose. Rain is still
falling on the Top End? There's still a lot of thick cloud over the Top End and the tropics with a deepening monsoon low and a trough near the Top End which can still generate heavy rain, storms and some damaging winds. There's a trough and a weaker lower over tropical Queensland bringing rain there too. If we look at the rainfall forecasts, we can see where it's falling there and there is a flood watch out for the Kimberley with that tropical low. That's forecast to drift south-west and then over the Kimberley, that could be today, tomorrow, and perhaps even Friday, so still quite a lot of rain around the Top End there as well.So a flood watch for parts of the Kimberley but also ridiculous hot in WA as well?Yeah. That's right. Let's look at the synoptic. It's hot in the west, where a trop is -- trough is drawing hot winds to the coast. We're seeing 41 in Perth today, 46 at Marble Bar in the Pilbara and there's an extreme fire danger rating for the Gascoigne, inland and inland central west, severe fire danger in other parts as well but there will be a cool change on Thursday in the south-west of WA, so cooling down to 27. But the heat will edge across into South Australia, with Adelaide to reach 36 tomorrow and possibly 40 by the end of the week. Around the states and territories today?

The top stories today: The New Year in Washington is off to a rocky start in Congress with House Republicans backflipping on a decision to strip an independent ethics watchdog of its power just hours after they voted for it. President-elect Donald Trump took to Twitter to criticise the move, which prompted an emergency meeting and a quick change of course by the Republicans. The Australian Medical Association says a nationwide gun register is needed to reduce trauma in hospitals. The peak medical group says state-based registries are not effective enough in reducing firearm incidents and wants tougher laws in place as well. Crossbench senator David Leyonhjelm says the lobby group is not qualified to debate gun ownership and questions the AMA's research. Turk Lisch police have reportedly detained two foreigners at Istanbul's main airport in connection with the nightclub attack. The a state news agencies says their passports and luggage were checked before they from taken away. The gunman remains at large. An earthquake has hit 220km south-west of the Fijian city of Nadi. People were evacuated from offices in the capital, Suva, where shaking was felt. The 6.9-magnitude quake struck at a depth of 17km. The tsunami threat has now passed. No damage is reported. US President-elect Donald Trump has unleashed another storm on social media overnight, tweeting about a range of issues, including General Motors, US Congress and release of prisoners from Guantanamo Bay. Mr Trump declared General Motors would face a big border tax if it continued to make its Chevy Cruze in Mexico. General Motors responded by saying all sedan versions sold in the US are made locally, although it imports a small number of hatchbacks. As the President-elect published his comments, the Ford Motor Company announced it had cancelled plans for a factory in Mexico and would instead reinvest in the Michigan plant. Mr Trump criticised Congress, including members of his own party, for weakening the powers of the ethics watchdog. In the past few hours, that proposal was also dropped. In Indonesia, the captain of a tourist ferry has been arrested after his boat caught fire on New Year's Day killing 40 people. The Zahro Express was carrying nearly 250 people from Jakarta to a resort island when it caught fire. Jakarta police say captain Mohamad Nali is accused of continuing to sail, despite knowing the passenger numbers far exceeded the 100 listed on his manifest. He faces up to 10 years in jail if convicted. Australian woman Sara Connor, accused of murdering a Bali policeman, says she's worried she won't receive a fair hearing from judges in Bali. Connor is accused of helping her boyfriend, David Taylor, kill a policeman on a Bali beach in August. Taylor will give evidence in her trial next week. Connor has told reporters that she's concerned about Indonesia's legal system. I'm very disappointed it's taking so long. I just can't wait until everything is over and done and the truth finally comes out. I hope... I hope... I'm worried. It's a completely different legal system. But I believe... I want to believe that judges will be fair and they will judge by the facts and by the evidence and not by other influence and other pressures. In Africa, Kenya has doubled its energy capacity in just five years. What's most impressive about that is the fact that about 60% of the electricity generated comes from renewable sources. Here in Australia, only around 14% of the grid comes from green power. Africa correspondent Martin Cuddihy has more. Beneath hels gait National Park, 3km underground, a vast -- hels gait National Park, 3 -- hels gait National Park, 3km underground, a vast resource of geothunderstormial energy, which supplies close to a third of Kenya's electricity. If that's not leadership, I don't know what else could be called leadership. We are leading in that side. And this energy is not just one source of the grid. It's from geothermal, from hydro, from wind. Six years ago, only about 25% of the population had access to electricity. Today, it's more than half. Many of these projects have been funded by the World Bank. We have been a strong supporter of geothermal since 1971 to date but also in between we have financed, um... We have financed hydros, we have financed all the land hydro projects in Kenya.Kenya is the largest producer in geothermal power in Africa and the eighth largest globally. In contrast, more than 80% of Australia's electricity comes from fossil fuels. For Australia, and others who are still depending on the coal and other sources that pollute the environment, we'd encourage them to look at ways of increasing the capacity that they can get from green energy.There are still millions of Kenyans who don't have access to electricity. Despite that, Kenya's state-owned generating company is determined to continue its push into renewables and become a world leader in clean, green energy.

2016 was a grim year for Chicago. In the US state of Illinois, it saw more violence than any other major American city in the past year. The number of homicides past 700 for the first time in nearly two decades, stunning police. Authorities hope to reverse the trend in 2017. In Chicago, the year began as usual - with fresh bloodshed. A few hours after the Windy City celebrating the down of -- dawn of 2017, police fielded reports of two men in a gun fight in the city's comparatively safe north side. Both later died.2016 here in Chicago is the year of the renegade. You have so many guys out here that are trying to prove a point, killing people here in Chicago is just totally out of control.Hours earlier, protesters bore crosses for every person killed here in 2016. It was Chicago's deadliest year in nearly two decades. More than 4,300 people were shot here in 2016 and 762 were killed.The mentality that you'd rather CPD catch you with the gun than for your rival to catch you without it, that's bizarro world. The murder rate in America's third largest city is worse than the two biggest cities - New York and Los Angeles - combined. It's left many residents physically and mentally scarred.Someone could be on the side of your house dead, at any time. It's scary. It's scary. And when you get out of your car or walk from a bus stop, will you be the next victim?She's hardly alone. A north-western university study found women in violence-prone Chicago neighbourhoods show the kind of trauma experienced by residents of war zones.Many of the women that were participating in the study were reporting traumatic experiences and symptoms of trauma and that was coming up time and time again.Since 2001, there have been more than 8,000 murders in Chicago, killing more Americans than the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. The longest a city went over the past year without a fatal shooting was four days. Yet, police stops and arrests have dramatically dropped, so as shootings have risen, police have actually grown less aggressive. Chicago's last Police Chief says police are stepping back after public fear over incidents like the one that got him fired, when an officer under his command shot someone 16 times as he walked away from police with a knife in hand. Officers are under attack. That's how they feel, right? That's how they feel in this environment. And they're not going to put themselves and their families in jeopardy. Unless something changes in the coming year, the combination of increased shootings and relaxed enforcement does not bode well for America's most violent major city in 2017. It's been a tragic start to summer with drownings in Australia. 21 people dead, most in NSW. And with people flocking to the beaches for their holidays, the risks increase. Oliver Munson is from Surf Life Saving NSW and says people need to take responsibility for their own safety. It's been very tragic, um, in NSW we've had 17 drownings in the last 10 days, seven of which have been coastal. Unfortunately, many of these have also been inland waterways and we're just out here to spread the message and make sure people stay safe for the rest of the holidays. The greatest concern is just that people are not understanding the risks. We're imploring people to swim at patrolled locations and making sure that they swim between the flags and, where possible, try and swim with a friend. We're seeing a lot of people, um, that are not swimming between the flags. We're seeing a lot of people that are not necessarily aware of the dangers when they're around the water and this is just generally a case of, um, education, making sure that people are aware of the dangers when they're going to the water. There has to be a sense of, um, self-responsibility. Um, we can't have lifeguards and life saves at every beach. You can't have people at every lake, every river, every pool. So we're asking people to, um, really, um, make sure they're aware of the dangers before they enter any body of water, whether that be the ocean, the lake, the river, or a swimming pool. Make sure they are aware of the dangers and ideally seek supervision. Supervision of the beaches from lifeguards and lifesavers or, ideally, from parents around any body of water, especially at pools and where children are involved. The top stories today: The Republican-led US Congress has begun its first session of the Donald Trump era in turmoil with House Republicans reversing a decision to gut a Congressional ethics watchdog after the President-elect took to Twitter to criticise the move. The Australian Medical Association is calling for a nationwide gun register, saying state-based registries are not effective enough in reducing firearm incidents. And Turkish police have reportedly detained two foreigners at Istanbul's main airport in connection with the attack that killed 39 people at a nightclub on New Year's Day. The gunman is still on the run. In the UK, vinyl record sales are at their highest in 25 years, boosted by a new generation of record-collectors who buy the albums, but may not even play them. Most people these days listen to music via streaming sighs but increasingly they're also buying records in their physical format as collectors' items.

Led Zepp II, classic album.For this man, there is no debate. Music just sounds better when it comes on a 12-inch disc. But as a business, it's been tough. However, things have begun to change. Listen, 10 years ago, I'd have given you the keys to the shop and said I couldn't make any money out of this. I didn't realise this stuff would still hang around.David Bowie was the biggest seller last year. Prince was also in the top ten, along with Amy Winehouse, Fleetwood Mac and the Beatles. Over the last 10 years, sales have grown by 1,500%. However, a recent survey found that nearly half, 48%, were never played. Of course, it's worth putting this into some sort of context.Imagine that each of these records represents a million sales. The BPI says if you add in streaming, digital downloads, CDs, about 123 million albums were sold last year. The number of vinyl albums sold last year - 3 million. But both are dwarfed by the real music titan - streaming.Streaming is a totally different beast, really. It's at the other end of the spectrum, not really recorded music in the physical format that we know it.But it is felt that streaming can help younger listeners to eventually try the hard stuff. Quite a lot of people at uni buy vinyls.Do they?Yes.They do. Don't they?They do.They do.It's in the sleeve here! However, for some, this was an entirely new experience. What's that?It's massive! Look at it!What's that, like, 12 inches. It's like a pizza.It is like a pizza.Oh, it goes on the thing that goes round!The circle.The spinning thing.You really have never touched or handled this ever before?No. Never.It's a first. # From way back way # You know I don't play.Even Drake, the world most streamed artist, has issued his back catalogue on vinyl after discovering they were being bootlegged. But for other kings of streaming, this way of listening is ancient history. Videos has emerge interested from the United States showing a two-year-old boy saving his twin brother from a fallen dresser. The parents of Brock and Bowdy Shoff have published the video on social media as a warning to parents to secure their furniture. The video shows Bowdy trying several times to help his twin brother by lifting and pushing drawers from different sides. Eventually the toddler manages to heave the furniture off his crying brother. It comes after a series of toddler deaths in the US due to tipping dressers that were not fastened to walls. Boxing is looking to entice new young participants with a modified form of the sport focusing on skill and accuracy over causing harm. Box tag is being billed as a safer injury-free form of boxing for a concussion-wary era. Advocates say it could be the answer to dwindling participation numbers in the sport. It looks a lot like boxing but it's something quite different altogether. More like fencing. So the skill element is still there but, um, um, you know, the danger element is removed.Boxing coaches and academics have spent roughly a decade working on this new low-impact form of the sport. It's called box tag.It's just real playful sort of strike and move and, um, quite challenging, quite exhausting.Boxers wear electrified shirts that record the number of punches landed on the chest or upper harms. -- arms. Head gear is warn -- worn but head shots are not allowed and low-impact gloves reduce the impact of punches.There's clearly no intent to harm.There's a real perception that boxing is quite dangerous afp I think we can address that issue. It could be beneficial. Plenty of boxing gyms are thriving but the number of boxers registered with Boxings Australia is only around 2,000 nationwide. Many involved in conventional boxing say new ideas are welcome.Anything for boxing is good, yeah, like... You know, even people that do, sort of, box-fit stuff, that sort of gets people interested in the sport.But young boxers say the physicality of the sport is what they love. Fighting, I guess. Just fighting. Sometimes it gets pretty full on. The odd blood nose and that but it's good. It's good.Box tag has been trialled in less than half a dozen gyms in the ACT and NSW but advocates say it can take off.Its availability is limited and it's still expensive while it's in this situation so I think reducing the costs of some of the technologies that are involved is one element. They're confident box with drive without the knockouts. -- thrive without the knocksouts. Looks like a good workout. Ben Lisson joins us now with a look at the day's sport. Good morning. So has play resumed on day two of the third test against Pakistan? It sure has and Matt Renshaw is back where he left off. He started the day at 167 not out and he's added about 10 runs this morning with ease and Peter Handscomb, his batting partner, is still out there with him. They've added 15 or 20 runs so far this morning. Not too much movement on the pitch either so it's looking pretty easy for them at the moment. So will they... Do you expect they'll bat for much longer bar they send the Pakistanis in?I dare they will if they can hold onto their wickets, that's for sure. The increasing chances of course that Renshaw makes the double tonne and potentially goes on from there as well. An interesting side note on that - if he does get a double century, he'll be the youngest Australian to do so in his 20s and then, there was only one person who did it at 21 and deit three times and that was Donald Bradman.Wow. OK. There was some big bash overnight as well?That's right between the Sydney Sixers and the Brisbane Heat at the Gabba. It was a sold-out crowd as well. Plenty of interest still in that competition, despite the test going on at the moment. I guess you get your test cricket during the day and your Big Bash in the evening for those who can't get enough.It's a 24-hour game!It can be, that's right. But, yeah, people said that when there was a 5-day match but it goes on. The Sixers did the job, though. They chased down 186 with the hen of that top edge for six there from Abbott at the end. So an exciting match but it was the Heat's first loss of the season. Turning to tennis. How is Nick Kyrgios shaping up for the year? His first game in the Hopman Cup was reasonable?That's right. And his second was... His second was even better last night against Adam Pavlisek from the Czech Republic in Perth. He's had a lingering leg injury for a couple of weeks. He looked in fine form when the ball was anywhere near him. Daria Gavrilova has sort of turned up some pretty disappointing form so far. We know she's capable of more than she was showing. They lost in the mixed doubles as well last night, the Australian team, so their hopes of a title defence are over. But Nick Kyrgios is really our big hope when it comes to the Australian Open, both in the men's and women's draws. He's definitely the top guy to watch going into this season and he a little bit to say about his injury concerns after last night's match. Yeah, my leg's been sore for the last couple of weeks now so I'm just trying to manage that. But as soon as it got warm, it started moving a little bit better. But it was a tough match. It's not easy out here. Everyone can play great tennis. I'm glad I got the weeks. The microscope will be on him as people look for him to make a run and potentially make the second week of the Australian Open. Tell us about this Australian teenager calling a -- causing a stir at the Brisbane International.Destanee Aiava, that's right, in Brisbane. She won the first-round match yesterday against Bethanie Mattek-Sands and it was an incredible win because she's only 16, becoming the first millennial - that is to be born after January 1 in the year 2000, to win a match on the WTA Tour. So a really exciting performance from her. The Melbourne teenager bursting onto the scene so to speak. Look, it will be far too early to get overall excited about her prospects in a major. She does have a wildcard in the Australian open but, look, to be, I guess, to be perfectly honest, it's great to have someone to be excited about for a number of years to come as well! She's of Samoan heritage? That's right. She was born in Australia but her parents are Samoan and they've got a sporting background in rugby and mixed martial arts as well. So not quite the likely breeders of a tennis player but anyway... She's showing that she can do the job so far.She might be eventually kick Mark Hunt off his throne as the super-Samoan.Absolutely! That's right. Thanks, Ben.Thanks, Joe.Time for a check of the weather and it's good to Kirsten Diprose. We've been keeping an eye over the last couple of days on that system up over the Northern Territory. It's been kind of moving everywhere, going north and south and east and west. It's kind of drifting west now and still dumping reasonable amounts of rain? Yeah, look, there's still some thick clouds over the tropics so that's the active monsoon you were talking about. So heavy rain, storms and strong winds across the Kimberley, top end and tropical Queensland. We'll keep an eye on the Kimberley in particular over the next few days. There's a trough drawing out hot winds to WA as well. Over the West Coast, so we're seeing some really hot weather in WA as well. There's an extreme fire danger rating for the Gascoigne, inland and the central west, severe fire danger in other parts. Let's take a look around the states now:

There've been some busy scenes at London Zoo as the park begins its annual stock take of more than 18,000 animals. The zoo is required by law to count its animals. It says it's also an opportunity to analyse the success of its breeding programs for more than 700 species. We've got some shots of penguins here who were keen to help with the count but the critically endangered Sumatran tiger cubs had some other ideas. Now, just some unfortunate news from the cricket. We were just talking to Ben Lisson about Matt Renshaw who was headed for a double tonne. He just got out for 184, an incredible innings there from the young Matt Renshaw. And so Australia now are still looking very good in that third test against Pakistan at the SCG. The question is when will they declare now and send the Pakistanis in. And just repeating the news that we had earlier this hour, or this earthquake that hit about two hours ago now, about 200km south-west of Fiji. It was quite a strong, um, powerful earthquake, a 7.2 initially they had it at and it's been downgraded now to 6.9. There were fears that there could be a tsunami hitting Fiji. So the alarm was sent out and people left their buildings and went to higher ground. But in the end, there was no wave and there are no reports of damage at this stage. People definitely felt the quake in parts of Fiji, but no reports of damage or injuries at this stage, thankfully. Stick with us on ABC News 24. We'll be back in a minute.

This program is live captioned by Ericsson Access Services. Today - Donald Trump - defender of ethics. House Republicans quickly reverse plans after he tweets his disapproval. A war of words erupts as the AMA calls for a nationwide gun register to reduce firearms incidents.When it comes to matters of public health issue, we believe we have a role and a responsibility to speak out.How dos it help to have a national registry of guns when the doctors' union doesn't know anything about guns? They really ought to stick to fixing up bodies. Authorities make two arrests in connection with the Istanbul shootings, but the hunt for the gunman continues. And in Suva, no

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