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(generated from captions) This program is live captioned by Ericsson Access Services. Today shall the royal commission into youth detention to hear more evidence of the treatment of inmate Dylan Voller.

Education funding under scrutiny as the latest NAPLAN results show no improvement on last year.It really is only a minister who is cutting $30 billion out of schools over the next decade that would claim that money doesn't matter.The Syrian Army says it is in the final stages of recapturing Aleppo with a sudden offensive pushing the rebels into retreat. And total fire bans for parts of the south-east as a heatwave sends temperatures soaring. Hello and welcome to Mornings. I'm Joe O'Brien. Taking a quick look at the weather first in the capital cities around the nation today:

The Australian share market has snapped five days of gains. We'll check the figures in more detail later with Alicia Barry. The focus of the noompbt's royal commission into youth detention is shifting to Alice Springs today with evidence of a youth work area signed to inmate Dylan Voaller. Voller's treatment, including being tear gassed and restrained with a spit hood if he toured in a Four Corners investigation which sparked the inquiry. He also told the commission he had been denied food, water and use of a toilet whilst in detention. Lawyers say Voller's evidence should not be regarded as the last word in the absence of cross-examination. Yesterday Voller read out a personal statement.I wanted to use this opportunity, one of the biggest problems we face is the fact that we have been further punished whilst in prison, being sentenced by the j udge to do our time for our crime is our punishment, not the continued mental and physical abuse that we continue to cop while we're here. On a number of occasions I've witnessed officers abusing and yelling at Aboriginal men in here and putting them down because they can't speak English properly and that's not fair and needs to stop. A at As a victim and young man, I feel upset and let down by the system that these bad things were allowed to go on for so long. I want things to change so it never happens again and I believe this royal commission knows that young people need love and someone it talk to, not to be locked in a cell with nothing for days on end. Trust me. I would like to thank the commissioners for visits the old Don Dale Centre and getting a real feel for how we were kept back then I like to thank everyone for over the world for your kind words and supporting me, and I would like to thank my mum and family and friends for supporting me.Nadiya, good morning. Yesterday was a key day for the royal commission and Dylan Voller's evidence was quite confronting?Yes, good morning, Joe, some quite moving at teems evidence from Dylan Voller, and also quite shocking. Will it's take a look back at what we've heard so far in this past week and a half of the royal commission. Last week we heard from Keith Hamburger, a prison expert who also wrote a scathing report into the Northern Territory corrections system and he talked about what he saw at Don Dale when he visited the centre of He referred to it as a human storage facility and talked about some of the facilities there that were inappropriate for young people. He also referred to it as - he also talked about, I guess, the fact that the Don Dale Youth Detention Centre was formally an adult prison and was destined to be mothballed but instead of being being noed down, it was turned into a youth facility and some of the facilities were therefore inappropriate. We've also heard from some of the lawyers in the commission representing various parties, talking repeatedly about the lack of notice for hearing from witnesses, the lack of time to prepare, and some - lots of last-minute changes and late decisions, some have called it chaotic behind the scenes, and that has been an ongoing theme throughout this commission. Now, yesterday, as you said, we heard from Dylan Voller, one of the most anticipated witnesses at the commission. He talked P- his time at Don Dale Youth Detention Centre and the detention centre in Alice Springs where he is from. He talked about being deprive of meals, being denied dinner as a form of punishment there. He also claimed he was denied water for hours on end and during long road trips, and said that at times he want allowed to go to the toilet when he was in an isolated unit and at one point talked about having to defecate in his pillow because he wasn't allowed to leave his cell and go to the toilet. Very shocking evidence from Dylan Voller. We also got an insight into Dylan Voller's childhood. This is a boy, no you a man, who didn't have - hasn't had formal schooling past the age of 10 years old, and soon after found himself in residential foster care - that's where he seems to have spent that remainder of his childhood and then just two years later, at the age of 12, he was first incarcerated in a youth prison. So we really heard from a young man who, I guess you could say, has spent a lot of his life institutionalised in residential foster care group homes to the youth prison, and now he is in the adult prison, so some very shocking testimony at times from Dylan Voller, and at the end of it all, as he read, after he read that opening statement, we just played now, Commissioner Mick Gooda congratulated Dylan Voller on having the courage to speak up and tell his story to the commission.But the Territory Government's lawyers are saying we should wait to hear the cross-examination to get the full story?Yeah, well, Dylan Voller wasn't cross-examined and we do expect - the lawyers representing various parties who have a stake in this, such as the Corrections Commissioner and the Northern Territory Government, those lawyers I believe at a later stage will put forward their arguments and perhaps challenge some of the things that Dylan Voller said, and indeed we do expect to hear from some of the people themselves. We don't know when yet or who we are going to hear from, we only - we ont get witness lists by the day, but we will be interested to hear from some of those other parties that Dylan Voller mentioned, and hear what they have to say in relation to his claims.So Nadia, as you understand it, there will be no actual cross-examination?No, he was not to be cross-examined. I believe it was because he was considered a vulnerable witness, so he gave his evidence yesterday in a closed hearing, only his lawyers, the commissioner's and a few other people were allowed into that courtroom, including his family who were there. Us in the media and the public aren't allowed into that closed courtroom, we just watched via web stream and some of the information was blacked out, so he wasn't cross-examined at the time, but there will be an opportunity, I believe, for other parties to, I guess, challenge some of the things he said.But that's it in terms of evidence from Dylan Voller, as you understand it?Yes, that's what I understand, we won't hear anymore from Dylan Voller in this commission. He has read his closing statement, he has had his say, but we may still hear from other witnesses, other young former detainees. We've only heard from one other at this point, that was on Friday, and we can only refer to him as AD. Everything I said was not broadcast and we weren't allowed into the courtroom, so he we will wait to see whether we actually hear from other detainees, other young former detainees who have been in the youth justice system which of course is what this whole hearing is about.And the commission hearing gets under way in about 20 minutes' time and who are we expected to hear from today?Yes, just check my watch, 20 minutes from today, today we will hear about - we've heard about Don Dale in Darwin, taking a look at the Alice Springs area, we will be hearing from Antoinette, Dylan Voller's case worker, so she will be talking about some of the things we've heard from him and maybe providing context and back grond, and I imagine she will also be able to talk more generally about the youth justice system and some of the things she has learnt with her on-the-ground experience for years in Alice Springs in that space. Also we will hear from Russell Goldflam - someone who has headed up a number of legal bodies, very well-known in that area, been very vocal on a number of issues, a strong advocate for justice reform, I would say, and on the issue of Indigenous incarceration rates, very high in the Territory. Indigenous Australians make up almost 90% of prisoners here, so he that is also an ongoing theme in this royal commission, even though it is about youth detention, in the juvenile detention system here in the Territory, Indigenous Australians make up almost all the prisoners, around 90% there, too.The Federal Government says the latest report on NAPLAN results showed need for an overhaul of Australia's school system. The performance of stew debts in years 3, 5, 7 and 9 has flatlined in literacy and numeracy and for Year 9 students, writing skills have actually declined significantly since 2011. The Federal Education Minister Simon Birmingham says politicians need to work together to address the issues. This is a report that pro vies greater statistical analysis, but it certainly confirms evidence we've had from a couple of international reports over the last couple of weeks that demonstrate that our performance as a country is not meeting the hielg standards that we should expect, that with the growth in investment we've had in our schools in recent years, we are not seeing a commensurate growth in performance, but of course in fact in some areas we've seen at bft a plateauing and elsewhere measures are showing a decline in our performance. States and territories run Australian schools and so State and Territory education ministers are of course the one whose set all of the standards that apply in those schools. Teacher employment policies, et cetera. But it is the Federal Government's role to provide national leadership in this space and I will be going to the education Council meeting with my State and Territory counterparts on Friday this week, with some comprehensive reform plans that I hope the states and territories will agree to, that really look at how we can better identify children in the earliest year whose are struggling so we can have effective interventions, how we can better support our most capable teachers to stay in the profession, to be rewarded and recognised, not just those who have been there longest, how we can lift our standard of ambition for student achievement in the final years in terms of minimum literacy and numeracy standards for school leavers, a range of reforms that the Turnbull Government took to the last election, that we now want to see federal school funding conditional upon the delivery of these types of reforms. And if there is a glimmer of light in today's NAPLAN results, it is that we are seeing in some measures Indigenous students starting to close the gap, that that gap has shortened or narrowed in relation to year 3 reading skills for Indigenous students. Sichl larly, we are seeing in some migrant groups, or students with a background other than English, an improvement in their results, in some cases outstripping other students, so some positive indicators there that back the fact that we want to see funding distributed according to need. That's different from how much funding you are investing in the system, which is already at record levels and which has grown by some 50% in terms of Federal Government contributions in real terms, inflation adjusted, just since 2003. Zb but the Acting Opposition Leader and Shadow Education Minister Tanya Plibersek has labelled the gap between advantaged and disadvantaged students as completely unacceptable. She says the Government needs to keep to its promise to boost needs-based funding. This is the third, I suppose, test we had the science and maths test, TIMS, the international science and maths test, we had PISA and now more detailed NAPLAN results and all of them show basically that Australian students are flatlining in their improvements. This is, as I say, some mixed, some improvements, some going backwards but globally flatlining. Simon Birmingham will meet the State education ministers on Friday and he said he should say to them he will fund years a a -- years 5 and 6 of the Gonski reforms, as he should. He is talking about reforms, everybody agrees to make sure initial teaching is fantastic, better support the teachers in the classroom We had a set of row forms like this, and Christopher Pyne when he was Education Minister junked them, said that the states were grown up enough to do it by themselves.We've interviewed people on this subject over the past couple of months, they've come back with these disappointing results internationally, it hasn't been the case of lower economic schools dragging the results down, it's overall Australian students just aren't improving and in these results today, bright spots for Indigenous students and migrant students, so doesn't that fly in the face of your argument on funding? No, it shows exactly why we've done needs-based funding. We've seen the early years of extra investment in kids from an Indigenous background and we are seeing Year 12dom pleetion rates have gone up, for example, for Indigenous kids, so he we are seeing some improvements.So the funding is right now?We cannot rest on our laurels. No, it is the very beginning of needs-based funding. These results are no cause for comfort. We shouldn't be resting on our laurels now, we should continue to drive improvement. Yes, with reforms, reforms to initial teacher training, continuing teacher development. We also need much more individual attention for individual students and that's what needs-based funding allows. So for kids falling behind, so we catch them early, and help them out, but also for the gifted and talented kids. For example, the recent international tests showed not just the growing disparity between kids from poorer backgrounds and kids from Wal thinker backgrounds, they also showed that our highest performing kids weren't doing as well as they should, because we are not giving them the individual attention we need eerths, and that's an economic problem for us as a nation in the future.The top stories today - the royal commission into the youth detention in the Northern Territory is set to hear evidence from a youth worker who spent several years working with teenaged inmate Dylan Voller. The latest NAPLAN report shows test results for students in years 3, 5, 7 and 9 have flatlined in keylering areas. The Syrian military says the battle for Aleppo is in its final stages. Fire crews have been tackling a blaze at a market in Footscray in Melbourne's west. The fire started in a coolroom above machinery earlier this morning. Reporter James Hancock has more.The fire started here about 6 o'clock this morning. Workers were inside the Little Saigon Market in Nicholson Street in Footscray, Melbourne's inner west at the time, and managed to get out unhurt, but the fire quickly spread and by the time we got here, there were flames leaping through the roof and a big black plume of smoke over the skyline. Firefighters say the Foo iris still burning inside the building, but it is contained and expected to smoulder for several hours yet many Inside the Little Saigon Market, there were a number of stalls and shops selling things like poultry, fish, Asian groceries, bakery products and also a few restaurants inside. Some people had owned their businesses for several decades. This Little Saigon Market is owned by two people, one of the part owners was here at the scene and we spoke to him and he said that it is a very sad day, not only for the traders, but also for the local Vietnamese community. Let's have a listen.We have a lot of history, a lot of memory. However, we now we have to do something, something to rebuild and this is an icon for the Footscray area for this community. James, did he mention anything about insurance and can you give us an idea of the size of the building? We can see the side of it there behind you. It looks 100 metres by 100 metres, looks pretty substantial?A very big building, covers a whole block here at Footscray. The part-owner said he had plans to redevelop the site, to build another shopping centre, by a long-term leaseholder there, and that lease didn't expire until April next year, so he he has been waiting for that lease to expire before he can redevelop the site. So, plans are already well under way to redevelop this site, but certainly a very sad day for the local community and it couldn't have come at a worse time, less than a fortnight before Christmas, and ahead of Vietnamese New Year and Chinese New Year celebrations late next month. Inside that building was also the office of the Les Twentyman Foundation which supports disadvantaged children through school. The foundation says that it had about 7,000 textbooks inside the building and also Christmas gifts. Firefighters should be here for, they say they will be here for the rest of the day, and the fire is expected to continue smouldering for several hours.James Hancock reporting there from Footscray in Melbourne. A new inquest has begun into the death of an American man found at the bottom of a Sydney cliff almost 30 years ago. A NSW Police investigation and an inquest in 1989 ruled that Scott Johnson had committed suicide, but his family has never accepted the ruling. Reporter Emma Alberici is at the NSW coroner's court.The first inquest was in 1989, just shortly after his death in 1988. Scott Johnson, a 27-year-old man, variously described as a brilliant mathematician, he was studying to complete his PhD. Of course he had started in the UK at Cambridge and in the US and as well as in Australia at the ANU and Macquarie University. He was a,, as you say, in North Head in Manly, where his body was found at the base of those cliffs on December 10, 1988. The first inquest as you say ruled suicide, and then there was - people might remember a story in 2005 that emerged showing a wave of crime against gay people in the Sydney eastern suburbs, in the '80s and '90s That peaked Steve Johnson's Scott's brother interest in America thinking, "Well, if this is the way a bunch of blokes died in the '80s and '90s of the eastern suburbs of Sydney, then pra ps that would explain what happened to his brother. So he successfully managed to have his brother's case reopened, and another inquest in 2012 was held where no new evidence was found, but the coroner at the time determined that it was impossible to know whether he did in fact suicide, whether there was mis adventure or indeed whether someone else was involved and he was killed. So here we are again outside the coroner's court in Glebe in Sydney, about to start a third inquest into this man's death. This is slated to go the entirety of this week. We will hear from people who knew Scott and specifically in the months before and the weeks and days about of his death. Many people came into contact with him. He had a birthday party a few days before he died for himself, and also from people who new him generally - family and so on - we'll also hear from first responders, those police from Manly who first attended the scene, and also crime scene investigators to talk about the terrain, to talk about what the conditions were like at Manly, at the time, that sort of thing.The United Nations second general Ban Ki-Moon has asked his representatives in Syria to investigate reports of large-scale atrocities against civilians in Aleppo. The Syrian military says the battle for Aleppo is in its final stages as the army and its militia allies close in on the few remaining rebel-held suburbs. There are reports of mass executions and a leading figure in the Syrian Army has called on rebel forces to surrender or die. Middle East correspondent Matt Brown is in Beirut.The Russian military which backs the Syrian Government, says they now control more than 90% of the city. That tallies basically with what Syrian activists in Aleppo are telling us tonight, that essentially the rebels are now restrethed to a few suburbs in the south of the city. This afternoon there has been a very intense bombardment driving the rebels out of - around half of the territory they held just a day ago, so you can expect to see a lot more of that. The US and Russia, the US which backs some of the rebel groups, have been trying to negotiate not only humanitarian access, but some kind of deal where the rebels lay down their arms and are allowed out, presumably to Idlib which is further to the west, but in the last few hours, the Americans have said that the Russians want changes to the proposed agreement which is simply unacceptable. So what you're left with is the grinding assault that has pushed the rebels bakso dramatically over the past day. The Russian military says around 100,000 people have made it out of rebel-held areas and I suppose the lines have shifted so dramatically that some people have just stayed in place and are now in government-controlled areas, contributing to that number, and they are receiving humanitarian aid, but that small pocket is still under rebel control, is in a very dire situation. Activists are saying that they have been speaking to people who have crossed over into the government-held areas, whilst usually women and children seem to be OK, there are reports of men disappearing after they've settled down, and over the weekend, the United Nations said it had received reports that hundreds of men had gone missing - reports, I must say, not confirmed cases - but also that displaced people had said to UN workers that as they were moving through, they saw government forces consulting lists and detaining people apparently based on those lists.The Federal Opposition Leader Bill Shorten has travelled to the Middle East to meet troops fighting against the Islamic State terrorist group. Mr Shorten met defence personnel in Iraq and the wider Middle East region, and has received a briefing on military operations. He has also addressed men and women sent to northern Iraq to train local security forces. Aid workers in Yemen say more than 2 million children are acutely malnourished. The country was one of the world's poorest before civil war broke out last year, and the United Nations children's charity UNICEF says the situation is now catastrophic. The rebel stronghold is the northern city of Saa did, a where some of the worst fighting has taken place. Seeing first hand a testament of what one city has endured. This is where the conflict has been at its fiercest. Before the war, 50,000 people lived here. In the last 18 months, Saad da has become a key battleground. The heart of the Houthi rebellion and the target of more air strikes than any other Yemeni city. This was once Saada's market, hundreds of people used to make a living here, selling sweets, food, clothes, and now it has been completely destroyed. They've fled leaving everything behind. We visit the nearby school. It's been damaged by an air strike. The headmaster tells me se afraid it will happen again. Next door is something the Saudis would consider a target. A Houthi arm's depot. He has repeatedly begged this emto move it, but even if the school moves, the weapons will follow. With no hope of the conflict ending soon, and despite the dangers, the children have returned to their classes. They tell me their stories, the things they've seen in this war. Sala, was in his bedroom. He says he heard the fighter jets above. Moments later the strike hit his home. TRANSLATION: We were lucky. My family escaped, but we lost everything. I miss my bicycle most. These stories are all too familiar. Mohammed also lost his home, along with his uncle, he takes moo he to see what's left of where he grew up. TRANSLATION: We were born here. We lived here. Look at these houses. They tell their own story.Six months after losing their home, Mohammed then lost his father. We obtained footage of the attack from a local journalist. As an ambulance driver, Mohammed's father rushed to the scene of this air strike. As he dragged the wounded from the rubble, another air strike hit, a so-called double tap. The boy's father and 17 other people were instantly killed. The UN have condemned the use of these double-tap air strikes in Yemen and says the targeting of rescue workers amounts to a war crime. The Houthis are not blameless. The UN accuses them of using civilians for cover. They've also been launching missiles from Saada into Saudi Arabia. In May 2015, the Saudi-led coalition declared Saada a military zone. This violated the laws of war which prohibited the grouping of military targets as one. It also meant they no longer distinguished between combatants and civilians. According to the United Nations, the first wave of air strikes destroyed 1,200 structures. Amongst them, five markets, a petrol station and 27 members of one family were killed in their home. Half the city have now fled their homes in search of safety. The women show me even here they've been targeted. But with ampts closed and borders blocked, they have nowhere else to go. They've lost everything, even their hope for the future. The US President-elect Donald Trump has criticised the US aircraft manufacturer Lockheed Martin, describing its F-35 fighter program as way too expensive. Mr Trump says billions of dollars will be saved on such projects once he takes office. Shares in the company fell after his tweet, wiping nearly $4 billion US off the company's market value. Australia has committed to purchasing 72 of the F-35 fighters to replace ageing hornets from 2018. The defence Industry Minister Christopher Pyne has played down Mr Trump's criticism. .Well, we are very confident that the Joint Strike Fighter is the right jet for Australia, and for the United States and the rest of the world many Whether it has been efficiently managed from the United State' point of view in terms of their cost and delay and so on is really a matter for them and for President-elect Trump's opinion, that's perfectly fine for him to have that opinion. The Joint Strike Fighter is a very far away down the road in terms of delivery. Four Australians right now in Arizona being trained and testing the Joint Strike Fighter, two ground staff and two pilots, so a long way down the track and obviously a great deal of money has been invested in it.Pine peen pine commenting there on the F-35. Time now for the weather. Here is Aimee Amiga.Hello there. On the satellite today, cloud with thunderstorms extend across WA. This has to do with a broad low pressure trough that is also taking clouds to Victoria and Tasmania. Tomorrow we'll see showers through most of SA and NSW, except for the north eastern quarter of that State. Also a chance of showers over the northern parts of the country, from the Kimberley in the west to the tropics in the east. Tomorrow:

The top stories today - the royal commission into youth detention in the Northern Territory is set to hear evidence from a youth worker who spent several years working with teenaged inmate Dylan Voller. A Four Corners investigation showing Voller strapped to a restraint chair helped spark the inquiry. Yesterday the 19-year-old told a hearing he was denied food, water and a toilet while in the Don Dahl Youth Detention Centre. The Federal Government says the latest report on NAPLAN results shows the need for an overhaul of Australia's school system. The performance of stew didn'ts in years 3, 5, 7 and 9 has flatlined in literacy and numeracy, and for Year 9 students, writing skills have declined significantly since 2011. The Syrian Army and its militia and allies close in on the rebel held suburbs of Aleppo. The, more than 2,000 fighters have surrendered. The fire authorities are on alert in south-eastern states with scorching temperature and strong winds forecast in many re-s. SA has 10 fire bans in place with severe fire bans expected in 10 out of 15 reasonables. Temperatures are expected to climb towards 40 did he agrees in Sydney and 7 fire bans in NSW. In Victoria, Mallee, Wimmera and northern country regions. The state of Australia's education system is in the spo the light once again after disa inter-Poking results in the latest national NAPLAN testing. The perform masses of students in years 3, 57 and 9 have flatlined in literacy and numeracy and the writing skills of Year 9 students have gone backwards since 2011. For the first time, children from non-English-speaking backgrounds are outperforming students in year 3. The NAPLAN results follow two international reports showing Australian students are stagnating or falling behind. Professor of teacher education and the Arts, Robyn Ewing has voiced her concern about the role of NAPLAN in boosting classroom standards. She says what is alarming is the amount of emphasis that is placed on the one test.I think NAPLAN was designed as a snapshot of how students were doing at a point in time in those years at school. It's only one measure of how they are doing. It is only measuring a very small area of literacy, numeracy, grammar, puntion situation, writing, et cetera. There are a lot of other things that teachers do to assess children's performance, and yet we seem to be putting all our focus on just one test. I think the rlts show that there is no significant gains in a lot of areas, when you compare the results from last year, and I don't even know if it's useful to make those comparisons from 2015 to 2016. And I don't know how useful it is to compare students' results individually from one year to another when there is such a margin of error, and so many things that can happen on the day that they are doing a test, for example. There can be stress, there can be all sorts of other factors that might change how they do, and I think it's much more important to use NAPLAN as one source of information, but to look at lots of other things, too. We've got evidence to suggest that some teachers are feeling constrained to teach to that test. We've got evidence that it's leading to a reduck tiff curriculum that is not focusing on other things that we know are important, like creativity and imagination, and quality arts experiences. All sorts of other things are being ignored when there is a focus on how we should do in a test. But after all, can't necessarily measure the really important things like student engagement.A new report suggests Australia should open its doors to workers from Pacific nations, including Fiji and Papua New Guinea. Research by the Lowy Institute says allowing a relatively open market could boost the incomes of Pacific my grants by around $33 billion. One of the authors of the report, Jonathan Pike says Australia would benefit, along with the Pacific nations.We have about 150,000 Pacific-born peoples within Australia which is under 1% of Australia's population. The major barrier is this 457, 100-point category access, so what we propose is just taking that away and so we model out the benefits from allowing anywhere between 1% of Pacific eye land workers to come to Australia over the next 25 years, to 25% of Pacific eye landers to come to Australia in the next 25 years.So why do this?Well, the Pacific is an area of important regional and strategic interests for Australia. We really want it to be prosperous and to develop in the right direction. We give over a billion dollars in foreign aid a year to the region, and give the demographic pressures and growing environmental pressures thanks to climate change, we are going to get less return for that investment in the future, and honestly the projections over the long-term for a lot of these countries are pretty bleak.So are you suggesting that this could be used as an use to cut that aid figure?Well, I'm a big advocate of a robust and strong Australian aid program, and the aid that we deliver to the Pacific, whilst not transformative, is still really important to help these countries to get back onto that pathway of sustainable development, so maybe - and I also don't want to overadvocate for our policy. I don't think any individual program would be sill remember bullet for the region, but over the long term, it would help to make aid more effective in the region and maybe in the very long term reduce that dependence.And so - do you have to be careful of unintended consequences from this? If you have a significant increase in people coming, what's going to be the consequences for Australian employment?Yes, absolutely. That's what we spend a lot of time in our report analysing and assessing, spend a lot of time this year talking about. There are a number of risks that we appreciate are significant, including the impact it might have on domestic labour, the impact it might have on our existing migration program, the potential of creating an underclass of fa civic islanders in Australia and also the adverse effect it is could have in these countries as well, but we weigh all that against the profound benefit it could have to the Pacific Islanders, just from improving their incomes, and in our report, we go into detail about how these risks can be overstated and how they could be marginalised.The request ld Government has asked its law reform body to investigate a public register for domestic violence offenders. Queensland's Law Reform Commission will review and investigate whether potential victims might be protected if they could find out if their current or former partner as a history of violent criminal offences. The Queensland women's legal service's Angela Lynch joins us from Brisbane. Angela Lynch, welcome. What do you think of thisHe had?Well, it is an interesting idea to consider. It is something that has been in place in England since 2015 and is currently being trialed in NSW at the moment. That trial period is supposed to finish in April 2018.And what are your concerns about it, though? Well, we have a number of concerns - I suppose we are interested in the approach. We would be quite interested in what the outcomes of this evaluation, specifically that has taken place in NSW. But what our concerns are, are about women perhaps getting a false sense of security. What the scheme does, basically, is allows interested people to apply to the police, including the victim themselves, to find out whether the perpetrator, or alleged perpetrator, or someone they suspect is a perpetrator of domestic violence has a history of violence. Often - and if it comes back that that person doesn't have a history of violence, there can be a false sense of security for that woman, that she is in a safe relationship, but what we know is there is often not a lot of criminal offences taken out or criminal action isn't taken out for in cases of domestic violence, so the man may well have had a history of violence, but it may not just show up on any public record.So what if there was a clear explanation of those limitations about of you could access this information?I think that that is something that we could take into account in the scheme of things. I mean, our other concern is that this isn't a resource-neutral approach, that it's quite actually resource-intensive, and we've got to balance in this current climate of where we are told to - as a nongovernment organisation, we are told to constantly be very restrictive in what we can do and we're also facing funding cuts, whether is this the best way we should be using our public funds? It's really about what is the benefit to society as a whole versus are there other ways that we should be spending our money, as in all community legal centres across Australia at the moment are facing a 30% cut of their Commonwealth funds, so is that actually a better way that we should be putting our resources into the front line of domestic violence?How is a list of names resource-intensive?Well, I think it's more associated with the whole approach behind it. The police would have to be trained up in relation to this scheme, so somebody would come forward, they would say that they are an interested person under the legislation, the police would have to do some investigations of that person to determine if they meet that criteria. They would also have to make some further assessments in relation to whether the information should be released to the victim, and then there is an extra layer that has to be gone through that - well, in a scheme that we would be supportive of, is that the police would also go to basically like a domestic violence committee, to make a determination about whether the victim should be told if in fact there is some sort of positive finding. If the victim is going to be told, there has to be a whole associated safety planning in relation to how that actually occurs, and because it actually could make her unsafe by going and telling her if the perpetrator becomes aware of that. So it certainly isn't resource-neutral, and having the whole Queensland Police Service trained up on this legislation, that's quite a commitment.But isn't it better for people to be armed with as much information as possible about anything?. Certainly, but it's really about what the - there is little doubt that for some people this may be a scheme that is really, really beneficial, but what I'm saying is that domestic violence services across Queensland have faced a 40% increase of women coming forward since the Not Now Not Ever report that was released in 2015, including our own service, with no requisite increase in funding for those front line services, so what we're really just saying is, is this the best way to respond and put our resources, or should we actually be putting this eminto front line services and resourcing those appropriately?It seems that domestic violence is an eschew which has received so much publicity over the past couple of years, and politicians - prominent politicians go out and wear their white ribbons and they say they are strongly in support of efforts to address domestic violence, but from whattor' saying there, they are not necessarily coming through with the funding for really important organisations like yours on the ground, to help where it's really needed. Are you frustrated at what seems to be a bit of a I disconnect there?Oh, absolutely. We think that the community conversation that's been going on in Australia over the last few years, led by Rosie batty, is absolutely important and having the PM and ministers of for women and premiers come out and make really big statements that this behaviour will not be tolerated is absolutely important, and shows leadership in the country, but it actually doesn't really mean much if women believe those statements, they come forward to services, and the services actually are unable to meet the demand. It is actually a little bit unethical in some ways because women are going to be turned away bs and if they are turned away, they go back to violent relationships. Angela Lynch, thanks so much for talking to us this morning from Brisbane.Thanks, Joe.Summer is heating up in mch of Victoria, NSW and SA. Fire bans are in place across many districts. Claire Yeo is a senior metre yolgist at the Bureau of Meteorology and she joins us from Melbourne. Good morning. What are some of the extremes of temperatures likely over the comingdays? We are seeing fire danger rating noose that very high to severe range with fire weather warnings out across quite a large extent of the country, including Victoria, NSW, SA, and even the east coast of Tasmania, so we are starting to see - we are starting to get into that period of the year where we are seeing - we will see more frequently those fire danger ratings there on a lot more days. The issue is that we've had quite a cool and wot spring season leading up to this summer season, and it's only been in the last few weeks that we've had really hot temperatures that have been preconditioning the fuel loads out there, so the addition of that preconditioning plus very heavy fuel loads after this wet season is priming us for quite a concerning fire season, and we are seeing that today.Yes, and so that bushland has been kind of dried out already over the last couple of weeks?That's right. So we are seeing quite heavy fuel loads and in places even such as Tasmania where they have a fire weather warning out for their east coast at the moment, but certainly we've seen - people have noticed through parts of NSW and northern Victoria and certainly extensive parts of SA, that the grass is turning that yellowy straw colour, indicating that it's drying out and the fuel load is very heavy.Yes, and as we go into the next couple of days, it is being described as a heatwave - I would be keen on finding out your view of that description of it as a heatwave if in fact in fact technically a heatwave or not, and so over this next period, what are the key time-frames when we get those wind changes coming through, because they are the really dangerous points, aren't they?Look, what I think makes today a little bit different, that quite a few media outlets have been interested in, is that we have hot temperatures in a number of capital cities all at the same time. But in terms of being a heatwave, it isn't quite getting to that heatwave criteria where we are looking at three ex-tnsive days of hot temperatures, but the hot temperatures are there, and we do have a wind change approaching SA as we speak, and impacting on Victoria later this evening, so he we are getting those very strong wind strengths, very, very dry air mass, and those hot temperatures ahead of that wind change increasing the fire dangers into that very, very high to severe range. But there is also an added impact that we don't necessarily or aren't necessarily able to reflect in the fire danger rating, and that's the way the atmosphere behaves in these kinds of conditions. Today is a classic example where if a fire was to start in your particular area, the atmosphere is primed for if when a smoke plume develops over that fire, it can go et to quite an extensive height, so he it almost develops its own weather, and we see very erratic fire conditions and fire behaviour in that kind of atmospheric condition.Yes, there were some amazing images from a fire near cockle biddy in the south-east of WA in the last couple of days. I don't know if you saw those images, but they were from a Department of Fire and emergency services post over there, I think, but just the volume of smoke from that blaze was incredible. Talk to us a bit more about how these systems can create their own conditions?We have a meteorological term for that, we call it a very unstable atmosphere, and over the last few days it has been classic example of in WA yesterday, we had the catastrophic fire conditions through the Eucla district and even extreme up in the southern interior district, and on top of that, the atmosphere was primed for Po tontion -- potential thunderstorm development. In today's case where we have those extensive fire danger ratings across south-east Australia, it is touch and go whether we get an actual thunderstorm out of this sort of atmosphere, but it is primed for if a fire was to occur, it will push things over the edge where you might see the plumes extending to quite depths of the atmosphere that you saw with that particular event a few days ago.Claire, you've explained that so well. Thanks so much for talking to us this morning, and, yeah, we'll keep a clo eye out over the coming months.Thank you.Now, let's go to the Northern Territory where the royal commission into youth detention is hearing more evidence today. Yesterday we heard a lot of evidence from Dylan Voller who was the young man who was featured in the Four Corners program, who was restrained and in the spit hood. I think this is his lawyer there, and now he is asking questions of the worker who was assigned to inmate Dylan Voller. The person on the stand is Antoinette Carroll who worked with Dylan Voller for several years. Will it's take a listen in... If possible, or words to that effect. What would you have to say about the diversion opportunities afforded to Dylan throughout the process, and I realise we are talking about a long period and we are talking generalisations, but do you have an observation to make about the diversion opportunities that were available to him?Sadly, diversion wasn't made available to him and it should be given the low level of his offending. It would be given to other people, but presented in a very different way to some other clients presented to the court in Alice spription, it became obvious from the go-get the punitive approach taken to Dylan as he travelled to the system. He was never afforded, as I say, diversion or other mechanisms that would really advise or, you know, address his causal effects of offending, especially around therapeutic needs. Well, can I move then to the topic of Dylan Voller in detention, because you observed him in detention everywhere that he was in detention, is that correct?Mmm, that's correct.In your statement, you have described the situation at Aranda House and can I take you to paragraph 87 of your statement, please, because you speak there about a team from the United Nations subcommittee on the prevention of torture and other cruel, inhumane or degrading treatment or punishment. MmmPerhaps could you just tell us the background to that visit by that team?Essentially I was contacted by the United Nations who had a visiting representative in Sepp electoral Australia, and asked if we could facilitate the meeting at the Aranda House. Which I did, and with full cooperation from the then OIC, we facilitated the meeting - I think there might have been about five young men who were there at the time The IOC was present, the young men were able to speak openly, very transparent process, about the conditions of Aranda House, the lack of education supports, therapeutic supports, the lack of recreational space, for example, and lack of provisional visiting space, so he it was a very robust conversation that young people were really able to value-add to.You visited Dylan Voller at Aranda House on a regular basis?That's correct.In paragraph 89, you record a rather poignant observation about a particular visit there?Yes....Since this - since Miss Carroll's statement is not generally available...We will leave that there. That was live from Darwin, the hearg into the youth detention. Peter Kalou Ger, asking questions of a youth worker who was assigned to Dylan Voller and Dylan Voller gave evidence yesterday. If you want to continue watching that, you can do so, if you have a Twitter account, you can go to NT royal Qom and they have links to the web stream there. Alicia Barry joins us now with business and finance news. The Australian share market is trading flat, with mining and banking shares weighing on the market. The All Ordinaries index right now:

Trade on Wall Street was mixed. The S&P 500 and NASDAQ comp sit fell after six straight sessions of gains, weighed down by the technology sector, while a rally in energy shares faded. And bank shares also fell as traders cashed in gain as head of the US Federal Reserve's last meeting for the year this week. Spot gold prices are currently on the rise. Crude oil prices ticked up overnight in the US and the Australian dollar is pushing up against the greenback, very close to 75 US cents. And another rise in iron ore prices has helped support the Australian dollar along with the greenback's overall retreat. According to the metal bulletin, the key Chinese spot price for iron ore has surged by another 2.4% to 83 US dollars a tonne, the highest level since October 2014. A year ago, iron ore prices slid to just $38 US a tonne, the lowest level since mid-2009. From the lows of a year ago, the price is now up 118%. NAB's widely watched monthly business survey shows business confidence has held up, even as conditions worsen to their worst level in a year and a half. The decline in conditions was explained by an easing in trading and a decline in profitability. However, sentiment among business leaders became more positive. But NAB has warned that business leaders may have little basis for the optimism, given NAB is increasingly concerned that the non-mining economy is losing steam.Thanks, Alicia. Now with the weather, here is Aimee Amiga.Hello there. On the satellite today, cloud with thunderstorms extend across WA. This has to do with a broad low pressure trough that is also taking clouds to Victoria and Tasmania. Tomorrow we will see showers through most of SA and NSW, except for the north eastern quarter of that State. Also a chance of showers over the northern parts of the country, from the Kimberley in the west to the tropics in the east. Tomorrow:

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This program is live captioned by Ericsson Access Services. Today: The Royal Commission into the Northern Territory's Don Dale Detention Centre to hear more evidence of the treatment of Dylan Voller. Rebel forces in retreat, as the Syrian army take control of most of Aleppo. Fire crews battle a huge blaze at an Asian market in Melbourne. Hello, you are watching ABC News. I'm Kathryn Robinson. Also ahead on the program: Under the big top. Reliving to golden age of the circus. Cristiano Ronaldo named the best footballer of the year, for the fourth time. Juvenile justice support worker Antoinette Carroll is today giving evidence at the Royal Commission into child detention in the Northern

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