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Hello. Welcome to The World This Week, I'm Beverley O'Connor. Coming up: Lies sexism and the right stuff. The US presidential debate.I will release my tax returns against my lawyers' wishes when she releases her 33,000 emails that have been deleted.Religion and politics in Indonesia. Be careful on judgement day. God will ask you why did you choose the infidels as the leader while I have warned you not to? And the death of one of Israel's founding fathers.I'm sure I shall see peace in my lifetime even if I extend my life.The two main US candidates went head to head in a televised debate this week. It was fast and fiesy. According to pollsters and analysts alike a solid win for Hillary Clinton. Our North America correspondent Zoe Daniel was in Long Island. Face to face for the first time on the biggest stage of all. Now n all fairness to Secretary Clinton - yes... ? Is that OK? Good. I want you to be very happy. It's very important to me.The pleasantries were short-lived. Donald Trump interrupted Hillary Clinton 25 times in the first 26 minutes. Typical politician - all talk, no action, sounds good, doesn't work, never going to happen.I have a feeling by the end of this evening I will be blamed for everything that's ever happened.Why not?Why not. (LAUGHTER) Mr Trump went hard on his perceived strengths - jobs and the economy. Under my plan I will be reducing taxes tremendously from 35% to 15% for companies, small and big businesses. That will be a job creator like we haven't seen since Ronald Reagan. Trumped up, trickle down. Trickle down did not work. Hillary Clinton repeated her view that Donald Trump isn't right for the job.So a man who can be provoked by a tweet should not have his fingers anywhere near the nuclear codes. When he said she lacked stamina, she called out sexism. She doesn't have the looks, she doesn't have the stamina. I said she doesn't have the stamina. And I don't believe she does have the stamina.You know, he tried to switch from "looks" to "stack that", but this is a man who has called women pigs, slobs and dogs. Americans were glued to their screens as were people around the world. Up to 100 million watched. Their reactions typically divided.I think she called him out on a lot and he really wasn't able to retort in the ways he thought he could. Overall I think he got her out of her comfort zone and turned around and that showed in the long-term of the debate.Early polls suggest Hillary Clinton was the winner, but Donald Trump and his supporters were up beat. Was it a fair debate? I thought it was very fair.I thought Mr Trump acted presidential, I thought she acted like a failed Secretary of State, which she is.After all of the build-up, what is doubtful is if the debate will change anyone's view of either candidate. Both performed pretty much as expected which will consolidate their support among the voters they have, but is unlikely to attract new ones. This vote is just the first of three. The pair will meet again in Missouri in a fortnight. Dutch investigators have revealed what they believe the conclusive evidence that the Buk missile that hit Malaysian Airlines Flight-MH 17 originated in Russia. Almost 300 died in the crash in 2014, including 38 Australians and residents. Our Europe correspondent Lisa Millar. The families were briefed in private after two years of who and what brought down MH 17.What we thought might be the truth has been confirmed.Confirmation from prosecutors not only it was a Buk surface to air missile that hit the Boeing 777, but where it came from. TRANSLATION: This Buk was brought in from the territory of the Russian Federation and after launch was subsequently returned to the territory.These videos helped them block the exact prut of the launcher as it ended up in farmland in territory controlled by Russian-backed rebels. Radar data, eyewitnesses and tapped phone calls provided further proof. TRANSLATION: Buk, yes, I got it.100 people may have been involved. Their names and nationalities se vet for now.TRANSLATION: We cannot and do not want to tell you everything yet because that might jeopardise the investigation. If a missile is sent from Russia to the Ukraine for just one day, then there must have been a decision and the decision cannot be taken by just a soldier.The chain of command is critical to this case. Did the launch crew decide on a target or were there orders from above? TRANSLATION: We're not making any statements about involvement by the Russian Federation as a country or people from the Russian Federation. Russia has dismissed the report as biased and politically motivated. The investigation has been extended to 2018, with Australia's support. This InDels colludes investigations personnel, intelligence and specialist capability for as long as required.Some families are worried this could drag on for deck Kates like Loc keshgs rbie. But the investigators are convinced they are building a case to stand up in court and bring justice for the victims. Britain's Opposition Leader retained his job against the wishes of most of his parliamentary colleagues. Jeremy Corbyn is now urge Labour Party MPs and supporters to unite. Many The Opposition Leader and his rival Owen Smith came to the Labour Party Conference in Liverpool for a choreographed confirmation.The votes cast for each candidate are as follows: Jeremy Corbyn, 313,000. (CHEERING AND APPLAUSE) He'd won the backing of 62% of the party. (CHEERING AND APPLAUSE) The ballot that was designed to destroy Jeremy Corbyn has instead made him stronger. He insists he's not looking for revenge.Always remember in our party we have much more in common than that which divides us. As far as I'm concerned let's wipe that slate clean from today and get on with the work we have to do as a party together.His supporters are demanding Labour unite.I think today is a good day for Labour. Let's be optimistic and call it cathartic.80% of MPs publicly declared they have no confidence in their leader.My views on this have not changed overnight. There were many empty seats at the announcement.Although the cheers were very loud here, around the country many Conservatives will also be celebrating. A number believe that Jeremy Corbyn is simply unelectable and think this result could guarantee them government until the mid2020s. He may have won over Labor's base, but all polls suggest Jeremy Corbyn has a lot to do if he is to convince the British public to get on board. Residents of Jakarta will go to the polls next year to elect a new governor. The metropolis is home to ten million people and is one of the fastest growing cities in the world. 86% of Indonesia's population is Muslim, but right now the frontrunner the the election is a progressive, anti-corruption Christian with Chinese heritage. This is a man on the road to one of the most powerful positions in one of the most populated cities in the world. But at prayer time the mood is more subdued. In central Jakarta, this cleric warns followers not to vote for a non-Muslim. Ahok, as he's knowns a Christian and ethnic Chinese. TRANSLATION: Be careful on judgement day. God will ask you, why did you choose the infidels as the leader, when I have warned you not to? Ahok replaced Widodo as Jakarta's governor in 2014. In February he hopes to be elected to the same position. In majority Muslim Indonesia there is growing disdain.TRANSLATION: I refuse Ahok because I am a Muslim and Ahok is infidel, that's it TRANSLATION: I agree to vote for a Muslim leader. It is stated in the Koran as a Muslim we have to take a Muslim leader.Liked for his stance against corruption and his policies to clean up an infrastructure-poor, overpopulated city, he's unphased. It's OK. We are here, we are just 71 year independent. I think we are more advanced if you compare to the United States of America. The tenor of that argument in the sermons, I mean, can you condemn that?For what? For what? I think this is a democracy.But his fiercest critics warn appointing a Christian as governor is a dangerous move. Something may happen. They can be used by others, by outside, to create instability, and then create problems. It's a three-way race for the governor's job. A rm foreEducation Minister and the son of the former President are also vying for the position. And they are both Muslims. For now the real campaigning hasn't begun. You might expect a country that managed a one-child policy for more than 30 years to be expert at providing sex education. But many schools in China still leave students to go online to learn the basics. In some places homosexuality is still referred to as a disorder. Our China correspondent's report says a small group of sex educators is trying to improve understanding and promote safe sex. On university campuses across China, love is in the air. But many students say they're arriving at uni ill-prepared for some of life's most personal lessons.

These students have enrolled in sex education classes at a major university in the central southern city. Technically it's sexology studies but they say they still need to learn some of the basics.

These students are learning from one of China's most unconventional sex educators, challenging their notions of what's normal.

He travels the country giving sex education classes in universities. Today he's invited us along for a lecture with a new class of students.

There's a new generation following in the footsteps of the teacher. In the university heartland of Beijing this woman organises sex education classes for fellow students.

The program is run by the Chinese red cross. A key focus is trying to stem the rising HIV infection rate among young people.

Students are taking the lead in breaking up taboos. They've recently shed light in the media on sexual discrimination and sexual harassment. Sex educators fear that the growing discussion could be a double edged sword.

Well, there's growing confidence that Islamic state can be driven from Iraq's second largest city and from the country for good. Australian soldiers are training Iraqi troops so they are better able to face what's ahead. ABC reporter Siobhan Heanue travelled to a training camp. The Australians weren't expecting this level of demand when they arrived in Iraq. Thousands of soldiers, all lining up to be taught by Aussie troops. The Australian army is very small compared to the Iraqis. When you see two brigades on trucks, I am in awe. Two years ago the Iraqi Army ran from Mosul as it fell to Islamic State. Now they're gearing up to take it back. As the battle nears, they want more training, more troops and more guns. What we're seeing right now is the momentum with the Iraqi Army who wish to train, who wish to build forces as quick as possible.We are almost overrun, but it's something we can achieve. Instead of training in the morning, we will train in the afternoon as well. If they want us to train at night, we will do that. The Iraqi army transformed the way it operates. This battalion commander tells me they morphed from a defensive to offensive army, capable of attacking on many fronts at once. They drill with M-16s supplied by the US. There's real reward in the training that's being given here, because these guys get trained and they almost immediately are going back to the front-line.The Iraqis are so pleased with the Aussie training, they gifted them this IS flag they captured in battle. And and unlikely gesture of friendship. The Australians are training the Iraqi troops just over that way, not far from where these war machines from many past conflicts in Iraq lie slowly decomposing. The hope is that the military skills imparted by Australia to the Iraqi army will have a long lasting impact, allowing them to not just retake Mosul but hold the city, and perhaps to bring some sort of unity to this conflict-ridden nation. Stability will be harder to deal with. Rival groups and mill lash Shaas will Josle for influence. Mosul is this sold year's home. He fled IS with his family. TRANSLATION: Mosul is our city. We need to free it. So regardless of what needs to be done, it's where we live, it's where our parents have lived.The Iraqis hope that retaking Mosul will take them one step closer to ending this war. Solomon Islands Police are prepearing to resume full responsibility for law and order but first they must undergo intensive training to win their government's approval to once again carry firearms. It's a vital move before Australian police leave the islands this year. This is part of the training. These Solomon Islands police officers are preparing to carry firearms for the first time in 13 years. Our focus is mainly on the safety. It's a new thing for us. The weapons will only be used to respond to gun crime, riots and comply with international security requirements for Honiara's airport. Firearm also be tightly controlled. They will only be issued when there is a specific need. Officers are also being trained in the use of other non-lethal weapons. Police have been running a community education campaign about rearming their officers. But because some of the violence that shut down the Solomon Islands was committed by police, there are lingering concerns about them once again carrying weapons.I don't think it's the right time and that the police, I'm not sure are in the right state of mind.Since the tensions, a large proportion of the force has been replaced and Australian Police have conducted extensive training. Not only were police implicated in some of the violence of the tensions, their armory was raided for weapons. That is something they are determined won't happen again. A new hi-tech armory has been built to store the weapons. (Compared to what we had in the past, I think this is the most secure equipment that we have. The firearms won't be issued to officers until the Solomon Islands government gives permission but it oos a step that's likely to happen before foreign police leave the country in the middle of next year. Well, the world's biggest conference on the international wildlife trade has been held in Johannesburg. Thousands of conservationists and officials have discussed ways to protect some of our favourite animals. The world's largest terrestrial animal is being killed at an alarming rate. About 30% of elephants disappeared in a decade. It's almost exclusively poaching. Number 17 is not just about describing the challenges but about reviewing what we have been doing to meet these challenges and determining what more must be done. There is a push to have the ivory trade legalised, led by South Africa, Zimbabwe and Namibia. Coaching present significant challenges and threats to the environment, including under mining. -- undermining the potential benefits arising from legal trade. Bring it out in the open so we know how big it is, where the players are, who they are, how much money is changing hands. Try to regulate it and control it. But there are opponents.We need a total ban in all trade in ivory. They are looking extinction in the face and it's our fault.A symbolic display this year, Kenya burned more than 100 tonnes of ivory. It believes rather than legalising the trade, protections should be enhanced. Kenya as well as 28 of the other African rain states are pushing to move el fanlts onto appendix 1 of CITES which will mean no international trade in ivory.It's not just elephants. The rhinoceros is facing unprecedented levels of poaching and there are calls for the trade in rhino horn to be legalised. Some are predicting without urgent intervention, ten years from now there will be no wild rhinos left. The man who helped lead Israel to statehood, Shimon Peres, has died two weeks after suffering a stroke. He was 93. Peres was an enduring figure in Israeli life and politics, serving as Prime Minister and President. In 1994 he received the Nobel Peace Prize with Yitzhak Rabin and Yasser Arafat. From Jerusalem, here is our Middle East correspondent. Shimon Peres was the last surviving merely
founding father of Israel holding merely -- nearly every office in the country serving twice as Prime Minister and also President. TRANSLATION: Shimon Peres dedicated his life to the sovereignty of our people. As a man of vision, his gaze was aimed at the future.His family came from Poland to what what was then Palestine in the 1930s, escaping the Holocaust that claimed the lives of his relatives and millions of other Jews. Mr Peres worked in the first Israeli Government, building the country's defences and its nuclear weapons' program. In the 1990s, he was known as a peace maker. His role in negotiating the Oslo Accords with the Palestinians won him a Nobel Prize. I'm sure I shall see peace in my lifetime and to ex -- even if I have to extend my life. A stroke two weeks ago put the 93-year-old in hospital despite showing signs of recovery, his condition worsened overnight. His death was confirmed a few hours later. There have been powerful tributes from current and former world leaders, describing Shimon Peres as a political giant who changed the course of human history. Ah Australian Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull praised him as a tireless activist for peace who worked towards tolerance. That ends this program. You can head to the ABC's World News page for the stories. Join me weeknights. Bye.

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