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(generated from captions) be civil as Mr Turnbull seems to promise, that he can't quarantine and guarantee some of the voices of hate and homophobia and will emerge, and from gay and lesbian people, and leaders in within the LGBTI community, they were saying, "Please do not support the plebiscite. " It is a matter we will consider very seriously as we lead up to the return of Parliament in October. I would now like to introduce the minister who is committed to making sure that people in Australia can achieve marriage equality. .Thank you very much, Billal It is an important opportunity and I thank Bill and Gay and Andrew for organising today's forum to hear from Canberra's LGBTI communities. Canberra is the most socially inclusive city in this country, woo he have' showed a leadership role over many years over questions of equality. We were the first jurisdiction to ldge late for marriage equality. We've led this debate nationally so it was really important for this community to have the opportunity to express their views directly to Bill as Leader of the Opposition and of course to the two outstanding local members in the Federal Parliament. I have been pleased to attend, to take some time out of our campaign, but I must say that this is an issue that is resonating in the ACT election campaign, people are raising this issue with me around what our stance will be on the plebiscite. I say personally I would very much like the opportunity to marry my long-term partner, but I am, like many, many others, extremely concerned about what could happen and what we have already seen happen in the context of this debate nationally and what we've experienced locally. So there are real risks and real concerns about the approach of the PM and his senior ministers on this matter. We've seen his backbench running all over the place with some pretty outrageous claims. I've already had to step in locally to support the Safe Schools program as a result of the sort of far right, hardline interventions that we've seen from conservative politicians elsewhere in this country. But I can say to my local constituents and Canberrans who I know to be progressive people, who value equality and who respect the right of everyone to be equal before the law, that we will stand up for their rights in our local campaign and on the national stage in order to ensure that every Australian is equal before the law and we will argue for a better way to achieve marriage equality, and there is a better way than the plebiscite, and that's a tree vote of all Parliamentans, that's what our federal colleagues were elected to do. That's what should happen here, not a divisive plebiscite that runs the risk of hurting thousands and thousands of our fellow Australians. I think it's a real line in the sand moment for the Federal Parliament and what we've heard today has only further reinforced my views. Personally I'm prepared to wait - there is a better way to achieve marriage equality. Thanks, Andrew, for the very well put statement. Happy to take questions.REPORTER: Mr Shorten, what do you say to people who think it is an opportunity to bhurn off negativity in the community and have a unified position on same-sex marriage?Well, I have to say wherever I go in Australia, same-sex couples come up to me and encourage me do not support the plebiscite. Parents come up to me and say, "Please, Bill, don't support the plebiscite." I'm not getting a whole heap of people in same-sex relationships saying, "Please vote for the plebiscite." Exactly the opposite. People in same-sex relationships, in loving relationships, do not understand why they have to put their relationship to a public opinion poll. No-one else in other relationships has this. A couple have said, "Why is Malcolm Turnbull proposing a different law-making process for gay people than anybody else in this country? ." "I was very moved by a 70-year-old lady who made it clear to me, "Bill, I don't want the plebiscite. I'm happy to wait until we can have a proper debate in the Parliament where things can be discussed." If you don't support the plebiscite, you are somehow underestimates the Australians, well, I'm not. I don't underestimate the generosity of Australians, but what I do recognise is the lived experience of our fellow Australians who happen to be gay. They tell me what happens, they tell me the harassment and about allying. I've got parents who say, "Bill, why should our kids have to go to school and they have to front that somehow their parents' relationship is not normal, not right. ?" Let's have the debate in Parliament. Labor is not asking every Liberal MP to vote for marriage equality, but what we are asking them is to have a vote on marriage equality. I was heartened. There was one report in the media today which said that Malcolm Turnbull is considering a Plan B, in the event that the plebiscite is defeated, in the event that Labor finalises a decision and decides to oppose the plebiscite. I am heartened by the report that says Malcolm Turnbull has hey Plan B, that the next Parliament, 46th Parliament, remembering we are in the 45th poorment, that the Liberals will allow a free vote of MPs. Well, if you can con testimony plate having a free vote, why wait two years? Why going through the farce and foot-stamping if the plebiscite doesn't get supported. I just need Malcolm Turnbull to grow a spine and back in a conscience vote rather than the hard right of his own party.REPORTER: Mr Shorten, on the blackouts, what do you make of the conservative criticism today of SA's strong reliance on renewable energy and do you agree that State-based renewable targets should be abolished in favour of a purely national target?I think it's disgraceful that the Conservatives are playing politics with what is a natural disaster. If they want to play the blame game, surely isn't it appropriate to wait until all the houses have their power back on, until we know the bill, until we know what's happened? This is a super-storm, a one in 50-year storm which has hit SA. I salute the emergency person until. I will not talk about politics while they are helping families and lifting trees and repairing damage. This is a super-storm, 80,000 lightning strikes. That didn't happen because of the Renewable Energy Target. That's the weather. The fact that we've had a one in 50-year storm is not due to renewable energy, it's due to the weather. The fact that 20 transmission towers were blown down by almost cyclonic winds is not due to a Renewable Energy Target, it's due to the weather. This government will do anything to politicise an issue, a disaster. If the Greens had blamed while a bushfire is under way, if they had talked about climate change, Barnaby Joyce would have been all over them like a rash, calling them un-Australian and all the rest of the nonsense, yet here we have the conservatives trying to play politics about renewable energy when this is a storm, it is the weather blowing over towers. 80,000 lightning strikes has nothing to do with a State Renewable Energy Target.REPORTER: Don't he you agree there is still some fragility in the South Australian energy market? We've seen a report from the Grattan Institute released on Sunday which cited the huge spike in the wholesale price of energy in SA during July because of their reliance on renewable energy, and even a report by the energy market operator saying that in the event that SA was cut off from the rest of the Australian grid, that it probably wouldn't have the ability to sustain itself and then would in fact go dark? Doesn't that mean there is still inherent fragility on that reliance on the renewable energy sources?Well, first of all, the efficiency of a national energy market is one issue - I get that - but let's not doubt why this issue has been raised right now. The Liberals and the Nationals, I think quite cynically are trying to take a disaster which has hit the State and use it for their own political purposes. Shame on Malcolm Turnbull for doing that. This is a super-storm. 80,000 light thing strikes, 20 massive power towers blown over because of the velocity of the winds. This is a super-storm, a one in 50-year occurrence. The experts have made it clear, what has taken the power out in SA is the weather, no the a government policy. REPORTER: But do you accept that there is still that fragility there? I did answer your questionalYou cited it back to the weather, but as a whole, as an issue, because this is something that the entire nation will have to deal with going over the next few years, few decades, do you accept that there does need to be better planning to ensure that those sorts of events can't happen because of a reliance on renewables? Those sort of events, weather events?The whole idea of potentially going to black?Sorry, in order to answer your question about electricity supply on a national market, do you accept the proposition that the weather blew the tower rs overYes, and I think Malcolm Turnbull has well.Well, that's good that Malcolm Turnbull has decided to join the scientific community and leave the others behind. We are up for discussion with the national energy market, absolutely up for that discussion, but what I'm not going to do is allow this government to blame renewable energy for cyclonic winds and for a super-storm and for 20 towers being blown over. It wasn't a piece of paper with renewable energy policy pushing those towers. It was over 80,000 lightning strikes. How poor form when our fell lone sawns - Australians are struggling through a massive storm and the clean-up and you've got the Government in Canberra trying to play cheap politics? Really, this country decides better than thatREPORTER: We do need to find out the answers, though. Would you support an inquiry into the blackout?I'm sure South Australian, South Australians will have an inquiry into the blackout, absolutely.REPORTER: What about the Greens having an inquiry into impact of climate change in SA,We already know the impact. Some day it is would be good if we could get Barnaby Joyce and the Greens and put them in a room and they can talk to each other. In the meantime, what safe, that
matters to me is that people are safe, that businesses are up and rouning and that power is restored. Even as we speak, 7,500 houses whose power still hasn't been restored. I do congratulate the South Australian authorities that they've managed to get the system back up so relatively quickly. I do absolutely sympathise for people who have been affected by the storm and of course this super-cell and this weather is still moving across Australia. What I ask of Mr Turnbull, could he get his ministers to focus on thinking about people who are trying to get their power back on, rather than just playing politics? It's not good enough, really.In that broarder debate about climate change and about those renewable targets, the PM says in some states and territories, the targets are aggressive, unrealistic and pay little to no heed to national security, and here in the ACT there is a target of 100% renewable by 2020, is that putting national security at risk?Let's cover the whole range of those issues. First of all, I just wish Malcolm Turnbull would hold a position consistently from one year to the next. He used to be a champion of taking action on climate change, now he seems to be such a puppet of the hard right of his party, that he is now doubling down on climate sceptic policies. In terms of the national energy market, absolutely, happy to work, and the Opposition will work with the Government to ensure we have the most efficient possible, but in terms of the argument that the reversing in drag, that somehow renewable energy policies trigger the blackouts we've seen caused by the wild weather in SA, that's just scurrilous and unscientific. In terms of the ACT, I'm very fortunate to have the Chief Minister here, so he why not get the best expert to to you to you about is it? .Thank you, Bill The ACT has embarked on a reverse action put, so to get the best possible price for renewable energy. We are sourcing that from a number of different sources mpl woompblingts We are focused particularly on local solar, but also wind farms in Victoria, NSW, SA and the Canberra region, so he we have a diversity of renewable energy sources within - that make up our total renewable energy mix. We are exceptionally well connected into the national electricity market. Given your location here in NSW, close to Victoria, so the issues that are pertinent in SA are not in the ACT, but we have demonstrated the best way to procure renewable energy at the lowest possible cost, and our policies over the last 3 or 4 years have in fact kept this industry alive nationally, particularly during the years of the Bottas Government, when renewable energy providers were really at a significant disadvantage and there was no progress at a national level, so he what the ACT was able to achieve was very affordable renewable energy, and I compare our electricity bills with those in other jurisdictions. It is affordable, it is reliable, and because of our position in the national electricity market, it is the right decision for this community. It is very strongly endorsed and I do note that even my Liberal opponents have in the last two weeks locked in behind Labor's leadership on 100% renewable energy for Canberra.REPORTER: So is the PM right when he says that little or no attention has been focused on national security and those risks, and if this meeting of energy ministers seeks to bring down the national target, will you fall in line with that?No, the PM is wrong on both counts, and we have sourced our energy from a number of different sources within this region, predominantly solar and interstate predominantly wind power through a competitive auction process around the country. Canberra's power sources are secure. Our place in the national electricity market is secure. In terms of our targets, they are locked in, legislated, we've signed contracts. We are getting our electricity 100% from renewable sources by 2020. It's all signed up, all delivered, and I've got tri-partisan support for this year in the ACT, including that of the Canberra Liberals. So the PM would appear to be at odds with his own party, certainly in this territory, unless his own party locally are about to perform a massive black flip on this particular issue. Wouldn't be the first time. Are there other questions.REPORTER: You don't support a single national Renewable Energy Target, you think that states should still be able to set their own targets?I think that that has to be seen in the context of a national electricity market and we are happy to sit down and talk to the Government. But what I don't support is when Malcolm Turnbull somehow says that taking action on climate change is a problem for national security. I think not taking action on climate change is a problem for national security. Our nation's security comes in all sorts of threats and challenges. Obviously we've got the threat of terror. We've got to make sure we have strong borders. But if we don't take action on climate change, we will see a far more challenges, the cost of insurance, the reliability of food supply, the effects of harmful weather events such as bushfires, so I think the climate change is a challenge to our national security. Taking action on climate change actually enhances our national security. And if Mr Turnbull wants to say that somehow action on climate change is not in our national security interests, he should travel to the Pacific Islands where you could see fragile systems and islands which have lived in harmony for hundreds of years between the wind and the waves under threat. He should visit Papastathopoulos where there is vast areas of drought occurring, and he should indeed look at the challenge of our own Barrier Reef and the ee if ekt that harmful global warming has upon the reef and therefore the tourism and the jobs. No, I have to say to Malcolm, let's go back to the old Malcolm where he understood that climate change was an economic challenge and a challenge to our economic security.REPORTER: Mr Shorten, on a completely different topic, there are calls for new laws to stop charities from bombarding Australians with phobe calls if they've signed up to the Do Not Call register, would Labor support those changes.I will ask Andrew Lee to answer in detail, but I will just make this point: Australia, as we've seen in the United Kingdom, we've seen vulnerable citizens, older people being preyed upon and being seen very inappropriate tactics being used to fleece them of their money, so Labor is up for a very intelligent discussion to protect older Australians, amongst others, from unethical marketing practices but I might ask my shadow spokesperson Andrew Lee to talk further about Labor's ideas.Thanks very much, Bill many I've read 'Choice's report and have been briefed by them in the last parliamentary sitting this week. Certainly what we've seen in Britain is unprecedented fundraising scandals and we never want to see that happening here in Australia. There is a range of ways of tackling the problem, but one of the key ones is to make sure we have a strong charities regulator. Since they came to office, the Bottas-Turnbull Government spent years trying to scrap the Charities Commission. Labor has fought for the Charities Commission, if you have someone knock on your door, you can go to acnc dot govau, to check out whether they are legit. We have practices to ensure good fundraisers aren't sullied by a very small minority of fundraiser whose are putting undue pressure on vulnerable Australians. Thanks, ran drew. I just wanted to correct one thing. I said there was 7,500 homes out of power. I understand the number is still 75,000. I just want to conclude this press conference, just to say to my colleagues in the Government: I know that you want to focus upon attacking policies on climate change. I just want to again reinforce the role of the emergency services personnel. SA has been hit by a once in a half-century storm and I just want South Australians to know that there is at least someone in Canberra who is interested in you recovering, and then having all the other discussions and not trying to play political blame game.REPORTER: Does the PM still have questions to answer in regards to Stuart Roberts' conduct?Well, frankly, I've been surprised Malcolm Turnbull's handling of the Stuart Roberts' matter. He was very quick to give advice about how Senator Dastyari should be handled and Senator Dastyari resigned within several days. Malcolm Turnbull today, though, chose to hide behind Stuart Roberts' statement. When the PM was asked about the conduct of a chairman of a senior parliamentary committee, which Stuart Roberts chairs, he said, "I will just read his statement." I know Malcolm Turnbull blames someone else for the Census, blamed someone else for the backpacker tax, changed his views and watered down his views on superaround situation, but he can't hide behind Stuart Roberts. Whurnl has to decide does he back Stuart Roberts, or sack him. Will he back him or sack him? That's the question he has to answer.REPORTER: The Chief Minister has proved his Territory's power bill, saying they are some of the most competitive in the country, based on his green credentials there. SA has some of the highest power bills in the country and they have the highest reliance on renewable energy. Wholesale prices spiked in July this year by thousands of thousands of dollars For consumers in SA, does this appear to be OK, or does there need to be more planning?Well, I do think that we need to have an overdue discussion in this country about national electricity market, and I think you start from what is the system we want, which will deliver reliability and security of supply, and once we have that discussion, then I think we can feed through all the other issues including some of those you have today.REPORTER: Can I just raise one moreI did say last question three questions ago.I think you will want to answer this one. Will the Dogs have what it takes to win on Saturday?The Doggies haven't won a grand final since 1954, last in a grand final since 1941. I live in the Western suburbs. My wife barracks for the Bulldogs. I'm a tragic Magpies supporter. I own two British Bulldogs. I reckon the Doggies will win by two goals on Saturday. That, too, people have waited a very long time for this, so I really hope for the Bulldogs they can get up. The Swans have another grand finals for the moment. Let's see one for the bog gist.That's Opposition Leader Bill Shorten speaking mostly about the power outages in Adelaide and also around the same-sex marriage plebiscite and of course ending a little bit of a key as to who he might be supporting in the footy Grand Finals this weekend, but returning to the power situation in SA, and Senator Nick Xenophon spoke a little early whier about the outages in that State. We can bring that to you now.Hi. Thanks very much for turning up. How in the 21st soent tri-n a country like... Like we are S having a few issues there. We might just pull away from that and see whether we can get that for you properly. The interesting information about the storm that has lashed the coast there and also the inland areas of AS - of SA, is that that low it moving towards Tasmania and predicted to move into NSW and Victoria over the next few days, and Tasmania is bracing for very heavy rain and strong winds. Wind gusts of over 90km/h have been recorded already at, in the State's west. Reporter Damien McIntyre has more. It is pretty wet. I'm on the banks of the Tamar in Launceston Just over 6 years, this river flooded in the one in 60-year that flood which came from the north-west. We've had moderate rain during this morning. The SES have so far had no calls for help. They've got a number of crews on stand-by, though. The wind is expected to create - potentially big problems in the north and north-west. Parts of exposed areas in the north-west have already had wind gusts of up to 90km/h, and that's likely to bring down trees, powerlines throughout this afternoon. Also expecting this rain to continue before it moves away from the north and heads to the east coast later this afternoon, and into the evening.Damien McIntyre there. We will take you back to the earlier press conference from Senator Nick Xenophon.

How in the 21st Century in a country like Australia could an entire State's power system black out in this way? For politicians on both the Left and Right - sorry, I will say it again - let's start from scratch. Earlier today, both the South Australian Premier and the Federal Energy Minister representing two different political parties attacked me for requesting an independent inquiry quhoo what occurred, into this blackout disaster. I make no apology for requesting that inquiry. They say that I have politicised the issue, whereas in fact having an ind pind inquiry is the about of the way to depoliticise the issue. We now know from a report that came out in February this year.It actually warns what will happen with an uncontrolled event such as this, causing a blackout the system. This report is 7 months old. Yet we need to ask whether it was acted upon when this report was released.So the Government can't say neither the Federal nor the state governments, neither of them can say that they weren't aware of the potential risks involved. Just a few minutes ago, I wrote to Mr John Pearce, the chair of the Australian energy market Commission requesting a thorough investigation, a public inquiry by the AEMC as they ordinarily have public inquiries, and I've asked for 8 matters to be dealt with and these are 8 questions that I can forward to you, but those questions include when was the network stability last reviewed by simulation, by network planners, when did the national grid system operator check the SA's system and its impact on the national grid? What Cass the cause of the initial fault? And a null of other questions, and I've also asked a key question which hasn't been answered by the Federal and state governments, whether the outcomes that occurred on 28th September 2016 follow the damage to transmission lines in the mid north, could have in any way been different if there had been more base load thermal generators in operation at the key time? That to me is the key question. Look, whatever excuses politician from the Lib r Liberal and Labor Party make about this, the fact is we need an independent inquiry to get to the truth of what occurred so he it doesn't happen again. Last night SA was the laughing stock of the nation because we didn't have power and the question is was it avoidable? And I think some experts out there who say it was avoidable?REPORTER: Senator Xenophon, do you take exception to the fact that there is so much renewable energy here in SA?It is the way you manage it. I no he that Senator Malcolm Roberts who doesn't believe in the science and climate change has supported my calls for an inquiry. Maybe he has misunderstood what I have requested here. I'm a strong supporter in the Renewable Energy Target, strong supporter in ARENA, not having its budget cut, in fact, I voted against it less than two weeks ago in the Parliament, but the issue here is how do you manage that transition to renewable energy? How do you actually go down that path to ensure that we don't have unforeseen events such as this occurring that we manage the system appropriately? It is how you do the transition, and it seems that there are a number of issues that need to be raised here, and I also raise whether technical standards have been met here. These are highly technical standards in terms of security of the network.REPORTER: Do you give your unqualified support for the 40% target in SA?I don't have an issue with the target. What I have an issue is to how it is managed in terms of the transition. The issue here is that we didn't have a backup plan. There was no Plan B. All we ended up with was a plan that cat pulted the State into darkness. Just to repeat that, it seems that both the State and federal governments haven't allowed us to have not just a Plan B, but only a plan D and in this case D stands for "darkness."The failure was the result of the loss of the transmission lines, so it wouldn't have mattered what energy was going through them, surely? ?No, that's not the issue. There is a difference between inclon nis tick energy, sin clon nous energy is what base load generators can provide. It is almost like a fire wall where there is an inertia. You don't have that inertia effect with wind energy, so the system wasn't managed in such a way. The question that must be asked is: If we had more gas-fired generators operating at the time, whether the system would have cascaded into this collapse in the way that it did, and I think there are some experts out there saying it wouldn't have. REPORTER: If it is a economy of economics, though, it is uneconomic for them operating with the gas prices to be so high, would you expect the Government to bail them out in some way?No, it is not a question of a bailout and I've written to energy Mine Frydenberg and I've raise dz this with the State Government and the State Government is taking action to this, to their credit, if we go to an emissions intensity-type trading scheme of the sort that Malcolm Turnbull and I proposed in 2009 where you reward, give credits for those lower emission generators such as gas, you would have the gas generators comeg into the market earlier on and not being pushed out by renewable generators in such a way that makes uneconomic to operate, that is via gas-fired generators. So the simple answer is we can have a system in place that reduces graces overall, gets good environmental outcome, gives assurance of supply.That's where we will leave Senator Xenophon in Adelaide. Do stay with us on Breuer. We will be bringing you the stories. SA is bracing for more wild weather after being slammed by what's been described as a once in a 50-year event. About 70,000 people across the State are still without power after winds tore off roofs and brought down trees and power lines. A severe weather warning remains in place in most areas with an intense low pressure system to cross the State today, power has been restored to the metropolitan area. West Australian Government has backed a recommendation to create a Rural Fire Service after an independent report into a deadly blaze in the State's south-west. The Yarloop bushfire killed two people and destroyed fire service. The Yarloop bushfire claimed two lives. The US President, Barack Obama has described as a dangerous precedent to override his veto on controversial legislation. The legislation would allow victims of the 9/11 attacks to sue Saudi Arabia's government. 15 of the 19 fourths involved -- terrorists in the attacks were Saudi nationals. Cooker Cronk and Jason Taumalolo have tied to claim NRL's top honour. The Dally M Medal. The Melbourne Storm halfback and North Queensland lock tied on 26 points each. It's the second time Cronk has won the prize after topping the league in 2013. The ex-husband and daughter of Perth woman, Annabelle Chen have made brief appearances in court accused of her murder. Her husband and daughter were charged after a 3 month investigation into the death of 57-year-old miss Chen. Her body was found in a suitcase floating on the Swan river in July. Her identity remained a mystery until she was reported missing. The two were not required to plea in court today. They were remanded in custody until they appear again later this year. A criminal investigation into the downing of Malaysia Airlines flight MH 17, almost 300 people died in the crash in 2014, including 38 Australians. Europe correspondent Lisa Millar reports. The families were briefed in private after two years of wondering who and what brought down MH17.We thought might be the truth is being confirm. Confirmation from prosecutors, not only whats a Buick surface to air missile but where it came from. This Buick was brought in from the territory of the Russian Federation and after launch was subsequently returned to the Russian Federation territory. These videos helped them plot the exact route of the missile launcher as it crossed the border and ended up in farmland controlled by Russian-backed rebels. Radar data, eye witnesses and tapped phone calls provided further truth.Yes, yes, I got it.100 people may have been involved. Their names and national nationals are secret for now.We cannot end - do not want to tell you everything yet, that might jeopardise the investigation.If a missile is Senate from Russia inform the Ukraine, there must have been a decision, that it cannot be taken by such a just a soldier.Did the launch crew decide on a target or where there orders from above?We are not making any statements about involvement by the Russian Federation as a country or people from the Russian Federation.Russia has dismissed the report as biased and politically motivated. The investigation has now been extended to 2018 with Australia's support. This includes investigations personnel, forensics and specialist capability for as long as required. Some of the families are worried this could drag on for decades, just like locker by but these investigators are convinced they are building a criminal case that will stand up in court and bring justice for the victims. The US President Barack Obama has criticised Congress for overriding his veto of a controversial Bill. The new law will allow the families of those who died in the September 11 attacks to saw Saudi Arabia an officials. The US Senate voted 97-1. The Bill now allows victims' families to sue members of the Saudi Arabia government. Mr Obama object argued against the law saying it could open the way for similar lawsuits against US soldiers overseas. Russia says it's ready to resume negotiations on Syria after the US Secretary of State, John Kerry threatened to end all contact with Moscow. People living in Aleppo continue to come under heavy fire as forces step ip their efforts to retack rebel held areas. At least one of the hospitals has been knocked out of service. The US says it will suspend all cooperation with Russia on Syria, including counter-terrorism efforts unless it takes steps to end the assault on Aleppo. A 14-year-old boy has shot and injured two children and a deeper in South Carolina. He entered the playground and began firing a handgun. None of the injuries are life threatening. One of the chin has since been released from hospital. Earlier the boy shot and killed his father 3km from the school.He died from a gusnhot wound. We believe it is connected to the incident at town ville. There is a relationship between the victim and the shooter. This appears to be the victim's son.The shooter was arrested within minutes of the alarm being raised. Students were evacuated from the school. Parents were notified of the incident by a text message but most didn't know if their children had been injured until they came to collect them from a nearby church. An Australian permanent nept resident at the centre of a murder trial in Indonesia has told the court she did not poison her friend. She is accused of murdering tsarly by slipping cyanide into her coffee. Samantha Hawley is outside the court. In a case that's captivated a nation, this was the moment a hungry television audience was waiting for. Australian permanentment resident, Jessica Wonzo took to its stand for the first time, she faced hours of details questioning about the day she allegedly laced her friend's iced coffee with cyanide.We were sitting and chatting until Mirna drank her coffee. Then she said it tasted awful. It happened so fast. If you ask me how it happened, I can't answer.It's a case with various links to Australia, Jessica Wongso studied at a press digs design school in Sydney this week the New South Wales Police man gave evidence about the troubled mental health history of the accused. Three separate Australian forensic experts gave evidence to the court that there's no proof that cyanide caused the death. Jessica Wongso remained calm and measured throughout her questioning.A little lie needs to be covered up with a bigger lie. So we did not make up anything. I told her to speak the truth and that's why she appeared very relaxed. Jessica Wongso denies she laced her drink with cyanide. Australian police agreed to assist in the case after she received assurance from the Indonesian government that she would not face the death penalty. Obesity among Australians is continuing to increase. At the rate we are going, we will ex seat World Health Organization targets. New modelling is able to predict the rate of obesity. The figures do not look good. By 2025, 30% of adults will be obese and 13% will be severely obese. The lead researcher Alison Hayes has more.It uses population data. It starts with add less ants as they move into adulthood, what their BMI is. Then it works out what weight gain may be over the years throughout an adult life course. It takes into consideration the BMI and the you know, survive rates, life expectancy.Were you alarmed by the findings?Not really that alarmed to be honest because it's really just a natural consequence of us - the modelling actually assumes the status quo in terms of average weight gain of different sectors of the population. It's a consequence of that BMI distribution gradually creeping up and more and more people slotting over into the obese category. Or the severe obese category which is at the extreme, a BMI of over 35.That's a prediction of 13% of our population.That's right.What is the stage of life that people are more likely to become obese?So, it's actually the state of life is actually - you know, there are more people obese in kind of their 50s an 60s but counter intuitively when we look at weight gain, in other words the rate of putting on weight. It's higher in younger sectors of the population. Young adults actually gain more weight on average in any given year than older adults Mayumi seem counter intuitive. Generally we put weight on gradually. It's only when you are older, it tends to show in being in an obese or severe obese category.It's something that we need to tackle throughout our whole life.Absolutely.The findings also reveal that the rates of obesity and severe obesity arify higher among women, why is that?I don't know if I could say why it is. It was the case in 1995. It was the case in 2012 and our predictions are that that will continue to be the case. The distribution of BMI in women is a bit stranger. It's flatter and it's -- it goes out to the extreme in the tail. I can speculate. It may be that women find it harder to you know, prevent excessive weight gain during pregnancy, childbirth, child rearing years.Did your study look at the ramifications of a population that is becoming Morrow beast and more severely obese?Not really yet. I can tell you that the ramifications in terms of healthcare costs are that you know, healthcare costs will obviously - I think we all know that healthcare costs are going up. The critical thing about severe obesity, if you look at costs across the range of BMI weight status, at 35, the costs tend to go through the roof. They tend to flip right up. So, yeah, that is a problem. The implications of our work in general are that we are hoping to use this model to actually help policy makers look at what may be the most effective and cost effective ways to tackle problem.Is that the next step to speak to a policy makers, government ministers? Yes, it will involve some more developments of the model.We will leave it there, thank you so much for coming in, Alison.Thank you. Australia is set to cure more hepatitis C this year than in the past 20 years combined. In March, an anti-viral treatment was listed on the Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme dramatically reducing the cost for patients. The university of New South Wales says that more than 26,000 people have taken the treat mer. Is is Professor Gary Dore.We estimate about 230,000 people are living where on going infectious.I understand it's more prevalent in our Indigenous community?Our Indigenous population are certainly disproportionally affected, probably three or four fold rates amongst Indigenous Australians.Up until now, the rate of diagnosis and treatment for hepatitis C was fairly low until earlier this year, so obviously there has been a big change?Well certainly the diagnosis rate has been fairly high. In fact, Australia has about 80% of the population infected already diagnosed. It has been the treatment that has been problematic. We have only been treating about 1% of people per year. The reason has been incredibly arduous. It has been injections generally for at least 6 months, often 12 Morse. Cure rates have been sub optimal. It has been very, very difficult for people to get through that course of therapy. Since March we have had access to these new amazing therapy, all oral, generally three months of treatment and expecting cure rates in the 95% sort of mark.You also looked at hepatitis B in Australia. Can you give us a snapshot on that?Again, hepatitis B is a virus that also causes chronic infectious and severe liver disease and puts people at risk of liver failure and liver cancer. Again we have a bit over 200,000 people who are living with chronic hepatitis B. We do have effective therapies, we feel there are not enough people coming forward to access the therapies. On the diagnosis front, we are doing a little less well than hepatitis C, so only 60% of those with hepatitis B are being found. We are doing pretty well in implementing broad vaccination, that's a difference, hepatitis C does not have a vaccine, hepatitis B does. We are getting better coverage for those at risk. Is it some timy a matter of raising awareness for people to get tested. ShallWith hepatitis C, the major risk factor is having a period of injecting drug use. We do see some people who having my rated from high prevalence countries, who may have contracted hepity advertise C through unsafe medical practices. B is transmitted through sexual context, it's also transmitted from mother to child, most people with hepatitis B have migrated from countries with high prevalence. You think of China, and especially Vietnam and sub Saharan Africa. Thank you for your time this afternoon. Time now for what is look at what is making news. Here is Robyn Williams. The Nobel Prize in medicine is set to be. Medicine indeed. I have got some predictions coming from Thomas Waters plus a few of mine own tips. Help us through them.It looks quite interesting because the first thing is APPAPTOTIS. Programmed cell death. If you didn't have your cells dies they wouldn't make room for other once, you would keep reading the same news bulletin forever. A long day.Some of this idea came --The people they are preticking are George Freeman from Harvard. And Eileen sharp from Harvard. When it comes to the possibility of Australia, who knows? My hunch has been on even Fraser and Gardasil which is a marvellous vaccine to prevent some of the diseases like cervical cancer. Physics, in many ways, this is almost a certainty. The work done by kip Thorn and the Gough, gravitational waves announced this February, it's a big light Higgs Boson, it's there, they can prove it, it's a wonderful discovery. Kip on his work. When it comes to chemistry, George Church from Harvard, working on something called Crisper which is powerful and cheap way of doing gene editing to create almost new life or take out diseased genes. When it comes to - I know it's not science but literature, deer Les Murray from Bunya we hope he gets up this time. We have been waiting long enough. They are the Nobel Prize es starting on munch.Tell us about Julian Hu pyjamas itt. Very well schooled in science.He represented Australia in the chemistry Olympics and got silver. And then for some reason, I don't know, I really don't understand this, he decided to become a Melbourne of parliament. He was elected for Cambridge. And as you know, the experience that the Tories had with the Lib Dems which Julian was, was quite dreadful. There was a new auto biography by Nick Clegg, the leader of the Lib Dems who said he didn't have an opposite when he first went to be deputy Prime Minister. Julian says if you want to achieve anything, scientists can chuck a Uy, change their minds but the politicians don't dare. So find a politician from the other side before they make an announcement and work together on what can be done and it happens. Of course, the down side of that as he points out very forcefully, especially on my program this week is that you don't get the credit because then the person you persuaded a takes all of the credit and you sit there looking a bit ordinary but anyway, Julian is going to try to be re-elected in the next election.We can hear that interview with him on the program tomorrow at midday.That's right.Thank you so much for coming in.Cheers.Stay with us. Coming up next, we are off to the movies with Jason Di Rosso and a remake of a western classic. How does it compare to the original? Let's take a look at the latest market figures now. The local share market is enjoying solid gains today with the rally driven by the energy sector

A portrait of a Tasmanian Iraq war veteran has been donated to a museum in Launceston. The subject of the painting is handing it over because he wants the public to no more about the modern soldier. The portrait shows major Stephen Cassidy while serving in southern Iraq ten years ago. It was painted by the Australian army's official war artist, on a piece of Blackwood timber.I think this painting leaves a rather strong impression, whether you know me the person or not by looking at that pointing, you will takeaway something of a modern soldier.For over a decade, major Cassidy has been contributing to the Queen Victoria museum. All the pieces relate to his service in Iraq and Afghanistan.It's very important that we collect material from today's wars so that we never forget and never forget to thank the people that have contributed.The materials give the public an opportunity to learn about present day services, not just past conflicts.There is always plenty of stuff about World War I and World War II, what Australian soldiers do now very rarely gets captured, collected and display ud.The museum hopes the collection of educate further generations.It's behold even on us to gather what we can, right through the future, we can bring it out and show it to people and they can have access to it.Major Cassidy says he will continue to donate to QV imagine to put a greater focus on-sold yers in modern theatres of war. It's time to go to the movies now. Magnificent selve, Jason Di Rosso is here with his verdict.You can see what the discussions in the studio boardroom must have been like. Here we have a contemporary od yens who are used to seeing their people work in packs. Let' make the remeak of the 1960 film of the same name which in turn, by the way was inspired by Japanese film called the 7th Samurai. Here we have a remake which does tend to follow the punchy in your face logic of a contemporary blockbuster franchise. The Oscar so white thing gets a bit of a response here. You've got a very upfront diversity. You've got an Asian character who is an expert with flying daggers. You've got Denzel Washington in the lead made famous by Yul Brynner. In the same time, it's all about diversity. You have a very strong female character who seems to have been put in a series of very tight fitting dresses that show off her Cleve acknowledge. I don't know why. It's like she is some sort of contemporary baddars. The blind pots, the original film was about a group of vigilants who save a Mexican village. This is about a group of vigilants that save a mostly white town. You keep hearing these tones folk, talking about the land being stolen from them. There is no acknowledgment that a couple of generations they stole themselves in turn from the American Indigenous population. Look, it's a film with a few clumsy missteps. You've seen it all before. It's a cowboy firm in coation marks really. You recognise all the shots, the shadowy figure at the Sal and door, the twitching finger on the gun barrel.The other firm you have seen is a film set in Canada but set in Mexico.No, he is based in Mexico. His name is Michael Row. I think this is the Best Film directed by an Australian this year. It is called Early Winter. It's the story of a marriage in crisis. Shot with locked off cameras. So it isn't a film about close ups or sequences where we have a close up and reslers shot. -- reverse shot, they are mostcally close shots. It is very effective in bringing us into this unfoaling drama. The writer director is Michael Row, his first film one one the best first feature. This was the award that Warwick Thornton won. Michael has made two other feature films including this one. He lives in Mexico. He learned how to make films there, he considers himself a Mexican film maker. He talks about what we perhaps we do wrong in this country. This is a fine film. It is rigorous. It's not an easy film to watch but there are a couple of wonderful performances here. It has a real kind of wisdom about relationships growing older, life and death, all the big questions and done with a real aesthetic beauty I think.Does he talk about every coming to film anything in Australia?He doesn't really. This film is his first English language Phil film, there is about $70,000 from the Melbourne international film festival in the budget. I think he is pretty happy where he is. When he breaks into Spanish. He last been there for 20 years, he is almost mother tongue, Soho far so good for him. He is back in town travelling this film around the country with Q&A appearances. He will bring the film back to his home town of Ballarat. Check out the Facebook page for his dates. Look out for. Jason, thank you so much. Can you hear about that on the program tomorrow.Thank you.First, it was Katy Perry cape now Madonna has posed naked pictures of heifer are herself on social media to encourage Americans to vote in the election. She shared a topless selfie on her Instagram and twitter pages, a day after Perry posted a fake photo of her safe. Madonna road. I'm voting naked with Katy Perry cape. Vote for Hillary, she is the best." Let's take a look at the national weather now. Here is Kirsten. Still take a look at the national weather
now. Here is Kirsten. Still some wild weather ahead. A complex low pressure system is shifting east. It is bringing rain, storms and strong wind. It will cause temperatures to drop in these regions. An eye associated front will generate showers over Queensland. Checking the rainfall for tomorrow and still some rain ahead for Victoria and Tasmania. Quite heavy falls around Hobart. Just a bit of rain in the south-east corner of South Australia. With conditions easing there. Although flooding remains a risk. A little rain for the east coast of Queensland and a little bit for the Top End as well. Taking a look at

That's ABC News for now, the next full bulletin is at 5 P on ABC News 24, the latest news and an ail sis is next. I'm Rachel Pupazzoni. Thank you for watching. Creld creld goer dr dr Captions by Ericsson Access Services.

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