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(generated from captions) This program is live captioned by Ericsson Access Services. Today: The donation scandal - a new push for a review of foreign contributions to political coffe prshgss.

Field questions at a forum in Washington. NSW man who stabbed his girlfriend to death before trying to kill himself is found guilty of murder. Good afternoon. You're watching ABC News, I'm Ros Childs. Logs ahead: -- also ahead: The 2016 Paralympicses begin to the sound of samba and fireworks at the opening ceremony in Rio. Backing the trend - Apple ditches the headphone socket from its latest iPhone in a move labelled bold and courageous.

The Opposition Leader Bill Shorten is under mounting pressure of his handling of the Sam Dastyari scandal. The NSW Senator quit the frontbench after allowing a Chinese company to pay a personal debt for him. From Canberra, Matthew Doran. It's clear to me now this has become a distraction.With that the Sydney Senate strategist fell on his sword. But not soon enough for his political adversaries.Sam Dastyari has now stood down for political expediency. Not because he's been asked to do so by Bill Shorten.26 hours after a 26-minute long press conference, which he billed as a no holds barred, all questions answered affair, he changed his tune. He had been of the view he deserved a second chance, the position shared by his laider.What we saw from Bill Shorten was to dismiss it, say everything was OK and he could move on, nothing to see here.But the baying for political blood was deafening.I think it reflects very poorly on Bill Shorten that he enabled Sam Dastyari to stay on for so long.His leader's response - brief and seemingly leaving the door open for a return to

He has a lot to offer. Whether he can come back to the frontbench is a matter for caucus and a matter for the leader at some future time.The battle continues to fuel the debate over foreign political donations. Parties across the political spectrum receive thousands of dollars from foreign interests, but it's all within the rules.There is absolutely no correlation between political donations from, in some cases, Australian/Chinese residents and the circumstances that Sam Dastyari found himself in.Although this is a difficult conversation, what both sides need to do is to find a way where, in a bipartisan way, if they can actually close some loopholes.It's a tricky political tightrope to tread. Labor made it clear it wants to ban all foreign donations, but the Coalition won't commit to that at this stage. Either way the public nature of this spat means it's a topic that won't disappear any time soon.

Malcolm Turnbull has invited South East Asia leaders to an Australian summit on the economic and regional security. The talk also be held in two years' time to strengthen Australia's ties with the Asian community. The Prime Minister is wrapping up this year's round of talks with leaders in Laos where tension in the South China Sea has dominated discussions. Political editor Chris Uhlmann is in Vientiane. This leaders' meeting is a combination of events which wraps together the ten South East Asian nations with the broader East Asian Summit. (MUSIC PLAYS) Malcolm Turnbull's been busy meeting as many as he can and all have been highly visible, be u there is one meeting which has proved elusive and that no-one in the PM's circle is keen to publicise, with the hard man President of The Philippines, Rodrigo Duterte. (MUSIC PLAYS) The President was at the gala dinner but as yet there is no formal word on whether the two have met. The Prime Minister sat down with his jab these counter part last night. Also on this occasion I would like to share with you my commitment to working closely with you.I want to con gravpation you on your recent victory. And Shinzo Abe made no secret of the fact he's disturbed by increasing Chinese aggression in the East and South Chinese Seas. The two agreed that it's important the US stay engaged and there's regular three-way meetings between Japan, Australia and the United States. This morning there was a chance to sit down with the Vietnamese leader and the Indonesian President. End these ya and Australia are keen to improve intelligence sharing to counter violent extremism. The main event today is the East Asia Summit that ends proceedings here. That's not the end for Malcolm Turnbull. He's off to Micronesia and a meeting of Pacific Island leaders. Hillary Clinton and Donald Trump have fielded questions for the first joint candidate esprent of the US presidential election. There they were taking part at the Commander in Chief Forum, answering questions of national security t military and veterans' affairs. Here is North America correspondent Michael Vincent. Michael, overall, how did it go?It was a fairly even affair. This was a dramatic setting on the USS aircraft care year, World War II carrier, USSIntrepid. A chance for candidates to road test some of the more difficult responses to hard questions. Hillary Clinton was the first up. She had a chance to get under pressure there the get-go over her use of a private email server. She repeatedly denied quite intense questioning that she used classified material on that private server and that she again said it was a mistake. I communicated about classified material on a wholly separate system. I took it very seriously. When I travelled I went into one of those little tents that I'm sure you've seen around the world, because we didn't want there to be any potential for someone to have embedded a camera to try to see whatever it is I was seeing that was designated, marked and headed as classified. I did exactly what I should have done and I take it very seriously, always have, always will. Everyone would have seen been braced for controversy from Donald Trump. Did he disappoint?No, he didn't. He made offed claims about, for example, "to the victor go the spoils" when he said he would have taken the oil in Iraq, a statement he didn't follow up on. He made a statement about how he would be verenldzly with Vladamir Putin and in the fight against -- friendly with Vladamir Putin and in the fight against IS President Obama's generals were an embarrassment and had been reduced to rubble. There was his claim that he has his own plan to defeat iz lamentic State, a private plan he won't share. He was asked if he had this plan, why today did he say he would give his generals 30 days to come up with their plan?When I come up with a plan that I like and perhaps agreed with mine, or maybe doesn't - I may love what the generals come backy with.But you have your own plan?I have a plan, but, look - I have a very substantial chance of winning - make America great again, we're going to make America great again. I have a substantial chance of winning. If I win, I don't want to broadcast to the enemy exactly what my plan is. So where are we Michael in the whole election process? Well, there's a couple of weeks now until the debate. The first debate will be nationally televised on a Monday night. It's expected to get a record audience of tens of millions of Americans tuning in. Tonight's broadcast was in prime time. Not expected to get as big as audience as that because they weren't going head to head. Tonight there were no stumbles, there were no gaffes and no blunders. So on that, in that sense it was an even night for both candidates, who will now go and polish their answers for the prime time debates and hit the hustings to get numbers up and funding up for their campaigns in the battle ground states T polling is closing but so far Hillary Clinton is still ahead of Donald Trump in the areas that she needs to win this election. Thank you. A man who fatally stabbed his girl friend before trying to take his own life has been found guilty of murder. 26-year-old Michael Quinn had denied killing the 25-year-old woman in NSW saying she died while trying to stop him committing suicide. Here is reporter Karl Hoerr. Tell us more about the ruling.Members of Michael Quinn's family were met with a scene of carnage when they responded to the sound of shouting at the front of their home in 2013. There Cherie Vize suffered a knife wound to her head, and Michael Quinn survived but became a quadraplegic and denied intentionally killing Ms Vize. She claimed she intervened while he tried to end his life and her injuries were accidental. The Crown case was always that he decided to kill her and then himself because of his extreme jealousy at the fact that she had ended the relationship sometime earlier and was seeing somebody else. The judge today rejected the defence argument that this was not a deliberate killing and the second strand of the defence case was that even if it was deliberate, that this was not a case of murder for mental health reasons but the judge also rejected that argument. What was the reaction from Michael Quinn to the verdict?Very little. He's obviously confined to a wheelchair now. He was there with his father, who has supported him throughout these proceedings and merely looked up at his father once the verdict was read out. Was CherieVize's family in court? They were. When the final decision was read out there were tears in court, particularly from Ms Vize's mother and obviously this has been a very distressing case for them and one would imagine there would be some sense of relief at this final decision. Emergency crews say two teenagers' car hit a train in Melbourne and are lucky to be alive. Reporter Tom Hanks has more from the scene. The crash happened here in Ivanhoe in Melbourne at 8. 40 last night. The 18-year-old driver apparently came down the hill behind me, he loft control of the ute, and he hit a fence, and it hit the side of a moving city-bound train on the Hurstbridge line, near the Marshall Street crossing. The ute was on its roof but the driver and his passenger managed to get themselves out # # #. There were passenger delays of about two hours on the Hurstbridge line as they worked to clear the tracks and fix damage to the line. The train continued on to a station where the 12 passengers were able to get off. There were some minor damage to the train. But the line was closed between Clifton Hill and Heidlberg for two hours while crews worked to repair damage to the tracks and remove the ute. The driver was questioned by police and is expected to be charged with conduct endangering life. Syria's Opposition leaders have presented their most concrete plan yet to end the conflict. They've drawn up a blueprint backed by Britain and other allies that would involve an agreed transfer of power from President Assad to an elected government. It comes as the fighting in Aleppo continues to worsen. A warning - this report contains some distressing images. Another air strike hits Eastern Aleppo. Residents flee in panic and nearby homes are reduced to rubble. Rescue workers carry the wounded to stretchers. Many of the casualties are children. It's the same neighbourhood where only two days ago Syrian forces allegedly dropped deadly chlorine bombs. The Assad regime denies it used chemical weapons but it's a rebel stronghold the government is determined to capture. Dead and wounded are ferried to makeshift hospitals where medicines and doctors are in desperately short supply. The Syrian regime denies it's to blame for the bloodshed. It's repeatedly accused foreign countries of trying to destroy Syria and says President Assad has no plans to step down.We have a very strong government. We have sustained six years of war against Syria and I assure you we shall continue as long as the intervention takes place.In London a Syrian opposition coalition backed by Britain and the Saudis has drawn up the most detailed plan yet to end the conflict and force President Assad from power.I cannot any more tolerate killing the Syrian civilians. We need to stop the killings.If Assad continues to be opposite and continues to drag his feet and continues to refuse to engage seriously, then obviously there will have to be a plan b, which will involved stepped up military activity.Turkey's entry to the war to fight Islamic State militants is paying dividends. Residents are returning to the border town of Jarablus, recaptured from IS last month. Turkey says it's ready to cooperate with the US against the biggest IS stronghold of all - their de facto capital, Raqqa. The Afghan city where Australian forces were based for more than a decade is at risk of being recaptured by the Taliban. Dozens of Taliban fighters and several police officers are believed to have been killed in coordinated attacks on check points near Tarin Kot in the south. Local security officials say that in some areas militants were as close as 1km away from the main city. Australia handed over control of the military base to the Afghan government in December 2013. French police have arrested a man on the terrorism watchlist after his car was found near Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris with 7 gas cylinders inside. Another man, also known to the security services, was detained by police in the north. France remains on high alert with terrorist attacks killing more than 200 people across the country. That's in the past 18 months. Three people have died and a woman missing after torrential rain caused flash flooding in Greece. Areas around the south western city of Kalgoorlie were worst affected with cars piled in the streets and swept out to -- Kalamata were worsed affected with cars piled in the streets and swept out to sea. Countless businesses and homes have been destroyed. The 2016 Paralympics are under way after the flame was lit. It was a carnival atmosphere in the opening ceremony in Rio. Firey countdown and a spectacular stunt in tribute to the wheelchair, made for a dramatic opening. Welcome to Rio 2016 Paralympics Games! An alphabetical jigsaw of 159 countries. The Australian team was led by wheelchair basketballer Brad Ness a Beijing gold medallist. This is his 5th Paralympicses. Representing the green and gold is a life-affirming moment for many of Australia's 177 athletes.We look to you, our elite athletes to show us the challenges can be overcome with courage and commitment, passion and hard work. That's true for kayaker Curtis McGrath who joked about becoming a Paralympian after both legs were blown off in Afghanistan.Every day is a new expectation of what could have been done and has been done. So I'm quite proud of myself being here. To be a par Olympian these days you're up there with the abled bodies. Hard to get on a team. Maracana Stadium was filled with big-name stars like the Iranian hoping to break his record for bench pressing 300kgs. China sent the biggest team and is looking to beat the 95 golds they won in Melbourne. Over the next 11 days these athletes will vie for their spot in history as Rio again is the heart of sporting excellence and the indomitable human spirit. Stay with us. We will look at the markets next and coming up later in the program - high praise - prarps applauds the work of the -- Prince Charles applauds the work of the Australian Royal Flying Doctors. Apple is ditching the traditional headphone socket from its new iPhone which will hit Australian stores next week. The technology giant says a lightning Czechor can be used or wireless headphones.

It's the best iPhone we have ever created.His company was ordered to pay Ireland billions in back taxes, his investors are wondering if the boom years are over, but for Tim Cook everything is awesome.It makes all the things you do every day so much better. Apple's boss knows an iPhone lawn sch the biggest event of his company's year, vital to regaining momentum. The iPhone 7 is water proof and boasts what's claimed to be the best camera in a phone. But it's most notable for what's missing. The old headphone jack is gone. You will have to plug a new set into the power socket or splash out on wireless earbuds. That means millions will find their way of listening has suddenly become obsolete.I don't know why they're doing it. More money, you will have to buy headphones that will cost more.It's like the next step. They're always trying to do new things but I mean, for me it wouldn't work that great. If the connection is better and sound improved, there might be some advantage.Apple has a range of products and makes plenty of money. But the iPhone accounts for more than 50 per cent of revenues and even more of its profits. But in the last year it has seen that its best days might be behind it. Apple's share price reflects the iPhone's changing for tunes.

Meanwhile its biggest competitor Samsung has seen its phone sales surge, though last week's recall of the Note7 smart phone after batteries caught fire was a major setback. But Apple is battling not just the Korean firm but a smart phone market which in the west at least is stalling.In these markets, markets are sch rated. People already own a phone and these phones are being used for longer. If Apple wants to deliver growth and make Wall Street happy it needs to really crack these emerging markets, markets like China, markets like India.Apple's mashting chief said this about removing the headphone socket.It comes down to one word - courage. But a company which prides itself on thinking different may find it hasn't been bold enough to get sales of the iPhone surging ahead again. Finance news now. Here is reporter Alicia Barry. So, Australia's second biggest bank returning fees to customers?That is right. The corporate regulator says Westpac has been refunding customers around 820,000, $20 million for credit card transactions that were made with foreign merchants. Now, the Australian Securities and Investments Commission says the bank didn't clearly disclose the types of credit card transactions that will attract foreign processing fees and these can include transactions where they're made in Australia, but processed by overseas retailers or services, such as Amazon, say. So Westpac has up updated its terms to clarify that Australian dollar transactions, when processed by overseas merchants, will attract a foreign transaction fee. Westpac announced the plans to refund their $20 million back in June, admitting that it had failed to adequately clarify the terms, but it didn't put a figure on it. We now know that $20 million is going ba k to customers. This comes after ANZ was forced to refund around $29 million to 400,000 customers after it poorly disclosed fees around credit card transactions as well. Surprise sell-down on the share market today?Yes, there's been no major catalyst for the selloff today. It looks like investors are taking today as an opportunity to lock in the recent gains we've seen over the course of the week so far. And it comes despite an increase in oil prices overnight. Energy shares and mining shares, along with the banking sector are posting the biggest declines.

Trader also now look to key data out of China due in half an hour. Thank you. Are you OK? That's the question all of us are urged to ask today as part of the annual campaign to raise our awareness of mental health issues. Reporter Jo Nicholson has more from Sydney's Bondi beach, where several events are being held to mark National Suicide Prevention Day. There's been lots of colour land action here at Bondi for R US OK Day, a day encouraging conversation about mental health. Rebecca is with us. What is this day about?Today is about taking stock and say when was the last time I caught up with my parents or auntie or uncle or friends and to be mindful of the impact we can all have by giving the people we care about an opportunity to open up what they are going through. It might be mental health, but could be a bad day at the office or other stress in their life.Why is it important to share and open up and talk about these things?At its core, R U OK is about suicide prevention. It's around 8 suicide deaths in Australia and for every death there's around 30 attempts. Not just the people that are lost, friends, family, left reeling as a result of these deaths. We're about getting in early, starting the con sprerisation every day, so that you know, if you're struggling and something is on your mind, you know you have the support of family and friends around you, so those issues that plague us all don't escalate into some sort of emotional crisis. Is the stigma around mental health starting to break down, or is it still there?It is starting to break down. But I think we still have such a long way to go. The fact that, you know, people feel so embarrassed and ashamed to put up their hands and ask for help, the fact that people feel ashamed to admit they've lost a family member to suicide, just speaks to me of the fear that is so deeply rooted in us all. So you know, if someone does have the courage to open up, acknowledge that courage, acknowledge you're there for them. Don't judge what they're sharing with you. Thank you for speaking with us Rebecca. That is the question here at Bondi beach and all around the country today - R US OK. Here is Grandstand's Shannon Byrne with sport. AFL finals start tonight?Yes, a f a week of AFL, we had 190 games of AFL and first Thursday might finals match. It will be the Western Bulldogs up against the West Coast Eagles. These teams have met once this year. A big game for their elimination final. Back in round 11 the Bulldogs were by 8, but it's the West Coast Eagles that have come into sorm form. They have won the last four matches, nine out of their last ten. The Bulldogs have managed to win three of the last six, their final rounld game they lost to Fremantle by 20 points. The West Coast Eagles have found form. Winner of tonight's game go through. The loser is out. On to tennis. Andy Murray is out of the US Open?An epic five setter saw the Brit go down to Nishikori. The match had it all. Four hours. It was Nishikori through to the US Open semifinals after his upset over Murray. Nishikori twice came from a set down, in five sets. This was even with in the fourth set, they had a speaker malfunction. There was a loud sound that disrupted Murray and he went on to lose the match in the fifth. He said it wasn't down to that distraction, but it was a point because he was up in the fourth set when, they're saying it was a speaker problem. Very distracting as he was about to serve. Huge news for Kei Nishikori from Japan. Better news - I spoke to you about Serena Williams breaking records. She's through to her ninth consecutive semifinal. She this morning defeated Simona Halep in three sets. 6-2, 4-6, 6-is 1. A great win by Williams. 18 aces, 250 winners and just over two hours to win that as will. She has now won 309 Grand Slam matches. Two ahead of Federer fe. She continues to dominate.She is unstoppable. Formula 1 has a new owner.They have spent a lot of money just over $5 billion, to actually take on the new ownership. It is American form Liberty Media, announcing $5.7 billion deal to buy the Formula 1 racing business. Ends years of speculation about the ownership of the company. Bernie Eccleston will stay on as Chief Executive. He's been involved and made Formula 1 for the last 40 years. We're not sure how long he will stay on. But Chase Carey from 21st Century Fox will be the new chairman. Big time in news for Formula 1. They have a $2.4 billion turnaround a year a lucrative sport. Australian women's baseball team are continuing in their Super Round. A big win over Korea. Well done to the Emeralds. Thank you. Prince Charles has praised the work of the kl roip kl flying xp doctors Service at a charity event in London T Prince of Wales serves as a pay treason of the Friends of the RFDS. The group raises funds overseas of the service that covers more than 7 million square kilometres of Australia.I know that you're endlessly asked for help in different directions but I'm hugely grateful to you today for taking an interest in the Royal Flying Doctor Service which I think is one of the great things about Australia. Last year 67 aircraft flew the equivalent of 34 trips to the moon and back supporting more than 62,000 patients in remote areas. A quick look at the weather.

Stay with us. Coming up later: Fighting malaria. Why medical researchers could be on the brink of finding a cure.

Reminder of the top stories: Opposition Leader Bill Shorten has come under fire from senior government ministers this morning for not sacking Senator Sam Dastyari from Labor's frontbench. Senator Dastyari will remain in the Senate, but has quit Labor's shadow ministry over a payment he received from a Chinese-based company to cover a personal debt. Hillary Clinton and Donald Trump have appeared at the first joint candidate event of the US presidential election. Mrs Clinton again defended her use of a private email server, while she was Secretary of State, and Mr Trump refused to elb rate on his plan for defeating Islamic State. Two teenagers have walked away without serious injuries after their car hit a train in Melbourne's north-east. The 12 passengers on the train were not hurt, but the Hurstbridge line was suspended for several hours. The 18-year-old driver has been arrested and police expect to charge him with conduct endangering life. The Paralympics opening ceremony has been held in Rio, kicking off 11 days of competition. The spectacular fireworks display welcomes the 159 national teams into the Maracana Stadium. The Australian team was led by gold medallist, wheelchair basketballer Brad Ness, competing at his fifth paramilitary. Former Prime Minister Tony Abbott has -- fifth Paralympics. Tony Abbott based himself in the East Kimberley, where the Federal Government is trialing its welfare card. A remainder 20% goes into their normal account. The system is designed to see less money spent on alcohol. Tony Abbott wrapped up his trip with a visit to the Contarf Academy's carnival, bringing together Indigenous boys from across the far north and NT. Some of the boys will travel 3,500km to get here and home from Alice Springs. The idea of the karn spral is to encourage Indigenous students to come to school and according to the organisers, it's worked. School attendance is good in the weeks leading up to this. Not everything Tony Abbott has seen here has been this positive. He went out during the week with St John Ambulance as they did their night patrol as part of his research into the got's so-called Healthy Welfare Card.The overwhelming impression that St John and the police and others involved in the town have is that the debit card has certainly made a difference. It's cut down on the binge drinking, cut down on anti-social behaviour and that's obviously a very good thing for the people of this area.Tony Abbott's heading back south to Manly and his beloved Sea Eagles. These boys are also from the Sea Eagles, but a different team. Yes, all the way up from Darwin. How many games have you played so far? One.How are you going? Only lost one. So who did you lose to?Rosebery. A tough competition?Ahhh, it's alright.

Hungarian authorities have laid criminal charges against a camerawoman who tripped an asylum seeker carrying his son as he tried to reach the Serbian border. The incident caused outrage when captured on camera last year T woman, who worked for a right-wing Hungarian TV station has been charged with breaching the peace and faces a possible 2-year jail term. The Syrian man who tripped later travelled to Spain and found work as a soccer coach. The number of child refugees throughout the world has doubled over the last decade according to a new UN report. It's estimated 50 million children have been displaced from their home countries because of war, violence or persecution. Human rights groups are calling on global powers to do more to address the crisis. As the refugee crisis has worsened, it's the images of children that tend to haunt the most. Some lucker than others. In the quest for a better life. UNICEF says it's unacceptable that the number of child refugees has doubled in the past decade, and accounts for half of the global total.They've often escaped horrendous situations in their home country, whether it's conflict in Syria, or whether it's poverty or gang violence in Central America, and when they're moving to a destination, whether it's, they're in transit somewhere or they're arriving in the country, or they're seeking asylum, they should be treated as children. A good memory.Treating children as children is what NGOs in camps like this one in Greece fry to do. Helping them through the trauma of their experience. They have lots of nightmares, violence, emotions they don't know how to deal with, their anger, from all what they've been through and their parents are also getting help here.Many child refugees and migrants have not been to school for years and face discrimination and xenophobia when they arrive in new countries. UNICEF says 45% come from just two places - Syria and Afghanistan. It's not always easy for them to talk about it. So we give them paintings. They draw their journey. They learn how to control themselves. The report finds children are increasingly travelling alone and often without documents, putting them at risk of worse forms of abuse and harm, such as trafficking. They deserve to be protected. They need access to services such as education. Where they have family members, they need to be reunified with their families or offered appropriate family-based solutions like foster care. We need to make sure that they have access to legal services and that they are not detained by, as a result of their migration status. Major challenges, but UNICEF insists the crisis must be a shared responsibility. It's estimated about half the world's population are at risk of contracting malaria. There's an urgent need for a new, effective drug to combat the disease. Existing treatments are tricky to take and there's evidence that malarial parasites are developing resistance. Medical researchers are excited by the discovery of a compound that cures the disease in animals with a single low-dose treatment. Sandra Duffy from Griffith University contributed to the research and joins us now from Brisbane. Sandra, potentially how important a breakthrough is this? Very important. I think that any time a new compound is available is Is available for a drug is a time that should be celebrated. It's a new approach, I think, to actually mall lash ya treatment, in our drug discovery, in so much as it's a very highly collaborative framework which has been employed to quickly move these new compounds forward. So tell us a little more about the process of identifying this come pound. Wem, to give all credit, it was really predominently from the institute at Harvard University who spearheaded this project. They were looking at how you can actually increase diversity of compounds by chemical synthesis. They then tested these new compounds that they had made to see if in the laboratory they would actually kill the parasites and then it goes through a progression of testing, once you have identified that the come pounds are actually killing the parasite in the laboratory, to then start seeing that they have a safety profile for use, etc, etc, in, for the human.It works in rats but how likely is it to work in humans? Do you have any clue about that right now? I think it's difficult to say. That's not really my area of expertise, but you know, in a very generalistic understands, there are many other potential models that the compound also be tested in, in the future. Some of them progressing into, like, volunteer human trials. So...Why is this drug better than the existing treatments that are out there now?At this moment many time you don't know that it's exactly better, but the profile would indicate that it could be and the fact that it actually, these come pounds are actually active against all of the stages of the parasite's life cycle. So that it can also block transmission of the parasite from one human to another as well as cure the malaria potentially and also presprent the infection of the liver in the first stages of infection. So you now have come pounds that are showing activity throughout this whole parasite's life cycle which is, you know, a real advancement. So it is an advancement in itself. I guess the Holy Grail of malarial drugs is a one-dose treatment that's cheap to produce and easy to get to the places where it is most needed? Absolutely. It has to be able to be distributed in the correct format. We're talking about very poor countries here where, you know, even to get access of a drug to the patient can be a tricky thing in itself. Sandra Duffy, congratulations. Thank you so much.Thank you. An international research collaboration led by the University of Sydney has found that exercise may offset some of the harmful effects of drinking alcohol. The study found that for alcohol drinkers even basic remembering menlded physical activity may decrease the risks of dying from cancer. Alcohol drinking is linked to, with liver disease, for example, psychological issues, violence. Societal issues as well. So we cannot consider this as a licence to drink if people are physically active. We looked at the very specific outcome so it should remain within these outcomes. For moderate drinking we found that among the physically active people there was wasn't an increase in any risk but not the case for those physically inactive. For those physically inactive, risk increased from moderate consumption levels. So it looks like physical activity is a catalyst that could somehow offset, neutralise, the bad effects of alcohol with regards to cancer. We're talking about chronic effects of alcohol, we're talking about chronic beneficial effects of physical activity and exercise. We cannot directly tell from our research but can speculate that exercise benefits the immune system. Now t immune system is critical for defending the body from cancer. So is it could be alcohol and physical activity work on the same pathway in opposite directions. Exercise protects, alcohol causes damage. It shows what a powerful healthy influence exercise is. And what a good investment for public health and medicine would be to enable people, empower people, to help people and modify the environment that is friendly, for physical activity and the physical activity option, the physicalcally active option is the easy, convenient option. People with autism often have problems with social interaction and reading emotions. This week on RN's All in the Mind, Lynne Malcolm talks to the man considered the world authority on living with autism, John Edler Robison. He talked about his work and new research to see if brain stimulation can help autistic people wake up their emotions. Lynne Malcolm is with me now in the studio. So John Edler Robison is himself autistic, isn't he. How did he describe his experience of having that condition?Eh did -- He didn't know anything about autism until he was 40 when he finally thought, perhaps that's me. So his childhood, he describes his childhood as the kid that nobody wanted to talk to. He was a sad and lonely kid because he didn't behave the way other people behaved. But he was terrific with technical things, machinery. And he left school because he didn't do well at school. And he started to be a sound engineer for bands in the 70s, rock bands. One of the bands that he worked with was KISS, renowned for doing these crazy pyrotechnic antics on stage, and one of guitarists decided their wanted the guitar to smoke as a wild gesture, and that was one of the jobs that John Edler Robison had. He was very proud he made the guitar smoke. Tell us about his research. Trying to unlock the emotions of people with autism.Yes, so it's called Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation a brain stemation technique that is used and approved for depression in some countries, Australia and the US. But some researchers at Harvard wanted to look into whether if you target different areas of the brain, could it help to unlock emotions in people with autism. And so John Edler Robison was really keen to be involved, because he's such a passionate advocate for autism awareness. And he had the treatment and he - the reaction to it was quite amazing. He said nieshlly he didn't feel anything, he thought he would be a failure.How is it done? They put electrodes and they are eelectrical pulses into the head and very targeted to specific areas that think think will affect, awakening their emotions. And it was, he didn't think it would work. He gt in the car on the way home, he turned on recordings of the music that he always listened to from the past, the 1970s, and he was suddenly completely overwhelmed with emotion, that he'd never experienced before. He knew that, the quality of sound, he took pride in that, but he didn't know there were emotions Czeched with music until this point. He feels that really helped him turn a corner to have that understanding of what other people feel emotionally. Was that a permanent change?No, it wasn't, a temporary thing, quite a temporary one. 15 minutes they say, but he said that there's so much potential and he said that because he has experienced that, the effects are over, but he now has an insight into what emotions are and what it feels like and so it's allowed him to really awaken his emotions by experiencing it in the past.It must be unsettling. As well as the positive emotions, of course, there are the bad emotions as well.That's what he said, too. That it was quite upsetting because now he was open to all these negative things and all the sadness and the jealousy and the violence in the world. He said that in a way autism had been a protective shield for him, so it's become a bit of a double edged sword, but he's determined to keep going and so that the research can be worked on further and perhaps be available to people and work really well for some people who respond to it. You can hear the full interview on All in the Mind, Sunday. Stay with us. Coming up: Tom Hanks returns to the screen, and Clint Eastwood's latest movie. That and the new releases with film critic Jason Di

First, a look at the latest market figures. The share market remains sharply lower are every sector

New Zealand, Turkey and Canada have seen the biggest leap in house prices over the past year according to a new ranking by estate agents Knight Frank. Property markets grew between 10-14%. New Zealand tops the list, once inflation is factored in. The average house price in Auckland hit $one million for the first time last month. The rising costs have been fuelled by strong immigration, low interest rates and limited housing. Authorities say there's been a surge in the number of foreign fishing boats caught operating illegally in Australia waters. There are calls for tougher action with the poachers taking a toll in sensitive marine environments. It's been the Border Force's biggest catch this year. 30 Vietnamese men caught fishing illegally in Australian waters in June. Experts fear it's a sign of things to come.So we're seeing you know, people, fishermen moving out of South East Asia into Australian waters. We have abundant marine resources here.

Locals say the numbers scratch the surface.We've got very few patrol boats out there, and an aeroplane can see them, but can't arrest them. Increased prices for seafood such as sea cucumber and tensions in the South China Sea are pushing foreign fishermen into areas like the Great Barrier Reef.Any of the illegal fishing events are having an impact on our, on the reef.Cairns fishman Bob says immediate action is needed to protect the industry.It's going to have quite a big impact, particularly as they make more marine parks.Authorities say patrol boats and plans are ready to respond to threats posed by el Lille fishers.Those assets are on patrol 365 days a year, 4/7, around Australian waters from the Torres Strait to Cocos Island.The Australian Border Force is working closely with neighbouring countries and says a patrol with Indonesia sends a strong mess anning illegal fisher also be caught. Some local operators are sceptical and say only more patrol boat also stop the poachers. It's Thursday, so it's time to check out the latest movie releases. Here is the host of RN's The Final Cut, Jason Di Rosso. Hi. A movie directed by Clint Eastwood, starring Tom Hanks. How could it not be fantastic.Exactly. I love this film. It is called Sully. Based on the real story that happened in 2009 - I don't know if you can cast your mind back to it, you may preb the plane that had to make an emergency landing on the Hudson River. This is a story about the captain played by Tom Hanks, who made this safe landing and all 155 passengers and crew survived. I think this is a remarkable film. It's a typically Clint Eastwood film, about rugged individualism, it's not just about the landing but the ordeal that Sully and his copilot endured, basically having to respond to an internal investigation which pretty much accused them of reckless behaviour in choosing this course of action, though there was no loss of life. But I think it's a remarkable film from Clint Eastwood, who is 86, still going strong. It is structurally very inventive. It flash-forwards, flash-backs, it has a very expressive way of depicting Tom Hanks' character's interiority. We're often in his mind reliving what might have been and also the film is kind of haunted by the tragedy of 9/11 in interesting ways, too. So that's brought up as a parallel. This landing in a sense was one of the first good news stories New York had known, not just since 9/11, but since the GFC. At least that's the story of the film. I think Eastwood does articulate that in a consummate manner. If this film was made by a 20-something American, he or she would be hailed as a great heir to the classic Hollywood tradition of film making. It really is, yo u know, sublimely made, I think.Tom Hanks, is he good?He is excellent. But unlike something like Captain Phillips, where the film revolved around his performance, it's the film-making around Tom Hanks that I think is so great. Captain Fantastic.Well, this is a different type of film in a sense. This is about a very left-leaning, left li beshgs rtarian Communist guy played by Mortensen that raises a broad of kids in the American wilderness off grid. It's the story of when their mother dies and he takes them across country in a giant bus to go to the funeral essentially. On the way through this America of Walmarts and fast food chains and so forth, he starts to wonder and doubt if perhaps his parenting methods may not have proved - prepared them for the outside world as well as he thought. It's a nice film. I say, I use the word "nice" which is awful in a way. But it is a film about a tradition of great descent and descenting characters in America and December centsing politics but you couldn't have picked a more conventional format for it. It's a coming of age drama, heart warming in its own way. It has Sundance Film Festival audience prize-winner written all over it. I want to warn piem about that. Because even though the subject matter is radical, it's not an unconventional film. It doesn't put a step wrong. It's called Captain Fantastic.An Australian movie - Girl Asleep. Looks quirky. Yes, it sits somewhere between the quirkiness of something like Wes Anderson and his films featuring planemetric shots and sim tri that has this naive quality and the magic flourishes of something like a Michelle Gondry perhaps a coming of age story in which we recognise it. It's a girl coming of age on the eve of her 15th birthday, she has a nerdy best friend that puts her on a collision course with the cool girls at school, who are all dressed with the same red lipstick, hair-dos. I admire the ambition of this film. I don't think the actors quite carry off their roles and I don't think the direction is quite as solid as it needs to be. The magic flowishes in the imaginary forest that she enters via a magic music box on the sideboard, that's one of the best things about it. It fleshes out her subconscious fears of coming of age and sex and all of that. Its 70s setting I didn't get why it needed to be set in the 70s. I didn't get a strong cek toral vision behind that. I think the themes remain a bit unfocussed. It's typical perhaps of a first feature that is perhaps packed with ideas, perhaps needed to prune a little bit. But it has its fans. It won awards as at a couple of festivals. It is dividing critics. Didn't do it for me. More on The Final Cut, that's tomorrow in RN. Who is on?Matt Ross, the writer/director of Captain Fantastic.A study into inequality in the film industry has found that women are given less than a third of speaking roles in Hollywood movies. The University of Southern California found women hat 1.7% of speaking roles, a drop to 8 clears ago -- years ago. Reviewers found that out of more than 35,000 speaking roles only 32 or less than 1% identified as lesbian, gay or transgender. Researchers say the results prove Hollywood leaves out anyone who is not a straight, white man. Let's look at the national weather. man.
Let's look at the national weather. A weather system causing damages winds across Victoria and also rain about SA. We can see it amongst the cloud heading to Victoria and Tasmania throughout the day. And then continuing right into tomorrow. It's reaching as high up as Queensland. The colder air behind that system as well will lead to some thunderstorms at times. A low pressure system in the north as we can see it is warm at the moment as Darwin heads for a top of 34.

Tomorrow we are expecting the bulk of the rain from taz main -- Tasmania up into Queensland. We have the showery weather from a high pressure system. The rain total also be high. We could get 50mm but more around Northern Tasmania where we could see 100mm. Concerns for flash flooding. Another system enters the south-west. More showers on the way and we head into a very cold blast of

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