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It's 4:00pm in Canberra, 2:00pm in Perth. I'm David Speers. Welcome to PM Agenda. Our top stories this afternoon: No official service but small groups of Vietnam vets now visiting the site of the Long Tan cross - 50 years today since the famous battle there. We'll be talking to Veterans Affairs Minister Dan Tehan shortly. 'I acted on the leaders' instructions' - Scott Morrison says it was Tony Abbott's call to oppose Labor's Malaysia solution for it asylum seekers. And two US swimmers released from custody in Rio as questions are raised about an alleged armed robbery. . It was this time yesterday on the program when we saw the announcement from Dan Tehan, the Veterans affairs Minister, shocking news to everyone, that Vietnam had decided to cancel the long-planned service at the site of the Long Tan cross in Vietnam where around about 1,000 Vietnam vets and their families - in all, around 1,500 people - had been gathering for this official service to take place this afternoon. It was cancelled on the grounds of sensitivities. But overnight Malcolm Turnbull spoke to his Vietnamese counterpart about this and expressed concern that this had happened at the 11th hour and in the end some ground has been given. Some groups, of around 100 or so each, are being allowed into the Long Tan site as we go to air right now. There is no official service there. No uniforms allowed, no medals to be worn, flags being waved, no TV cameras either so we can't show it to you, but wreaths are allowed to be lay. Certainly, the Australian Government welcomes the Vietnamese given that permission. Of course, the battle was one of the most history in Australia's history. 18 Australian soldiers killed, 24 wounded. But around about 250 of the North Vietnamese were killed in that battle. We will talk more about that in a moment. But services have also been held here in Australia. In fact, as we go to air right now in Brisbane, this is at the Gallipoli Barracks. This is significant, of course, because this is where a lot of those members of the D Company and the A Company where those soldiers came from and some of those killed, or the families of those killed, are at the service there. And the Governor-General Peter Cosgrove as well. About an hour that service has been going on. 50 years today, the Battle of Long Tan. There were services earlier in the day here in Canberra, the Prime Minister was here for those, so, too, the Opposition Leader and as well as Vietnam veterans.In this place, hallowed to all Australians, I extend on behalf of the nation to all vehement -- Vietnam veterans, those living, and those who have passed, and their loved ones, the gratitude and rev residence for their service in a far away place, in a bygone age.18 Australian soldiers from dchl Company of 6th Battalion died in the battle of long Tan -- Battle of Long Tan foughted in a rubber plantation near Nui Dat. The Australians inflicted more than 245 Vietnamese casualties.It means a lot to me. It is a very important date. It allows veterans to come together and reflect and member on those sacrifices that the young soldiers made.Present!The servicemen and women who followed and follow in your footsteps and, like you, continue to defend Australia's values and our nation's freedom, lest we forget.Continuing community support for combat veterans is essential in our society. And we call upon the leaders of all political parties for the continued support of our Defence Force in their current and future tasks. # Soldiers of Australia gathered now to worship God # Under the badge of the Rising Sun # Giving thanks for our country, our family, our freedom # Let hearts and voices arise as one # God of salvation, God of our nation, you give us strength to follow your ways # With a cross raised so high # Shining bright across the southern sky # We'll serve Australia through all our days # Soldiers of Australia, ready to be called to serve # peace
# When at home or away # Through darkest or longest day # We trust God's guidance will never cease...# Some of the scenes here in Canberra throughout the day as mentioned right now, at least a small group of Vietnam veterans are able to visit the site of the Long Tan cross here in Vietnam. The big service that had been planned for many, many months, however, was cancelled. That was really only at the last-minute. So what happened here? What had been actually planned that was deemed too sensitive to go ahead by the Vietnamese Government? Some have thoughted that there was a concern about how the -- suggested that there was a concern about how the Australians would behave, that there would too much of a celebration over what is still a very sensitive memory, a sensitive history for the Vietnamese, not just the Vietnam war but that Battle of Long Tan in particular. Dan Tehan is the veteran Affairs Minister. I spoke to him earlier. Can I start by asking what was the initial plan for Long Tan? What was the service? What was going to happen?It was going to be a very low-key commemorative service that was going to be put on there. There would be wreath-laying, there would be the Last Post played, but a very low-key...No concerts?No concerts, nothing at the Long Tan site like that.Yes.Of course, there was going to be a couple of unofficial dinners and at one of those dinners there was going to be some music, a concert if you like so...But that's not at the site of Long Tan?No, that was not at the site of Long Tan. That was at one of the restaurants near the site of where Long Tan is.Presumably they will still go ahead, the dinner The dinners, we es?Understand at this stage, will go ahead. The other thing the Vietnamese Government has made clear though, Little Paddy was going to play at one of the dinners, as I understand it. That now won't be going ahead because they don't want any music or that type of thing played. So there is sensitivities within Vietnam around things like loud music being played, flags being flown, medals being worn. We've always understood that and we've always sought to work within those limitations to make sure that we can commemorate. That's why we've spent 18 months going through these things with the Vietnamese Government to ensure that their wishes are respected while, at the same time, they're allowing us to be able to respectfully commemorate what occurred 50 years ago.So what then will happen at this site, at Long Tan?So what was agreed following a call between Prime Minister Turnbull last night and his counterpart, where we saw a change of heart from the Vietnamese Government, which I must say is welcome, that we will have a wreath-laying ceremony, the Australian Ambassador, the New Zealand Ambassador and a representative of the Department of Veterans' Affairs will raise wreaths. Then they will allow groups of up to 100 to pay their respects. What we are busily doing at the moment, our officials on the ground, is making sure all veterans and their families who have travelled over there are now aware of those arrangements and we are putting in place the arrangements so that 100 at a time, if that's the size of the various groups, or up to 1 unh at a time -- 100 at a time, can, in a staggered fashion, visit the Long Tan site during the day.I guess what a lot of people have struggled to understand is you've been negotiating with them for 18 months you say. How could this happen that right at the 11th hour they changed their mind, we didn't see this coming?It seems to be that a lot of this is always done at the provincial level and they have a very good understanding there of what it means to Australia for us to be able to go there and travel. There seems to have been some nervousness at a Central Government level. It seems to be that that is where the decision was taken. That's why it's taken a call from our Prime Minister to their Prime Minister for them, I think, to understand at a Central Government level the importance of this to Australia.I mean, did the Americans have similar, you know, events to commemorate their key battles in the Vietnam War?Look, I'm not fully aware what has happened with regards the Americans but my feeling would be that, given the sensitivities, I doubt there is much goes on with regards to the Americans.This is still a very sensitive issue in Vietnam. This is not a war that the US and the allies won. This is what they call the American war that they saw off, they say that in Vietnam. So you can understand to a degree the sensitivity around this. But it is the last-minute nature of this decision that was so surprising. That's it. We understand those sensitivities, like we understand when it comes to Gallipoli when we're the visitors at Turkey every year, that we have to understand the Turkish sensitivities. This is something which isn't foreign to us. But the thing that really surprised us was that we'd given such short notice about a change in attitude and approach from the Vietnamese Government.Finally, you did say yesterday this is not the act of a friend. What do you say today? Is Vietnam a friend?Well, what I would say is an act of a friend is when you say to them you are bitterly disappointed with a course of action that they've taken. If they would pause, reconsider what they've done and try and accommodate us, I think that is the act of a friend. So I think that they've realised that they have made a mistake and they've suggest to address that. And I would say that, you know, a heartfelt thanks to the Vietnamese Government for being able to appreciate that they had, I think, deeply hurt our veterans and their families, and they've been able to consider what they've done and then reconsider. I think that is the mark of a country that is doing its best to understand that there are sensitivities not only there but here in Australia as well.Dan Tehan, thank you.Thanks, David. We are going to move on from the Long Tan commemorations. Join us tonight, though, Speers Tonight 8 o'clock, eastern. I will be talking to a Long Tan veteran himself I caught up with at the Australian War Memorial about, as I say, what is an extraordinary battle and his memories of it. That's a little later tonight. Also around this time yesterday we had the news breaking that Papua New Guinea announced that Australia had agreed to shut down the Manus Island detention centre. The Immigration Minister Peter Dutton has said they've long agreed on the shut down but not when. As far as the refugees on Manus Island, none will be settling in Australia. They will have to settle in PNG, not many have done that, or return to tear -- their country. The hope is still that they can be successfully resettled in PNG. There have been a lot of focus on offshore processing with claims of more widespread abuse of women and children at Nauru and also some rather intriguing comments from Tony Abbott, the former Prime Minister, acknowledging that it was a mistake or he regrets blocking Labor's bid to setup the so-called Malaysia solution when Labor was in Government. Scott Morrison was the Shadow Immigration Spokesman at the time. Does he also regret that dest. I spoke to Scott Morrison the now Treasurer, defending the policies they have put in place to stop the boats. But when it comes that decision - five years ago now - to actually block Labor's bid to set up this Malaysia solution, does he too regret the decision that Tony Abbott took? Have a look.Our policies work, David. I was there to implement them. We stopped the boats. I am very pleased about that.But you were also in the portfolio opposing...I'll let others go into the retrospective. I ct aed in a -- I acted in accordance with my leader's instructions.You have no regrets about that?I have no regrets whatsoever.'I acted in accordance with my leader's instructions'. Suggesting there this was the leader's call, the leader's decision. In the last hour, Tony Abbott has told the Financial Review this was a team decision and it was a line-ball call. So some dispute over it, it would seem, that decision, a very important decision taken five years ago to block Labor from setting up the Malaysia solution, as the Government now still looking for third country resettlement options. The Prime Minister also taking an active role in trying to find a third country resettlement option as well. As far as Nauru is concerned, the country's President has also now responded to The Guardian's claims and the 2,000 case files that was made public. Here is what he had to say about the report beingk cooked up.Those sort of people who are wanting to discredit the program are always quick to put out negative stuff in the media. But, no, these allegations are unfounded and we will continue to get down to the bottom oift. But as far as -- of it. But as far as Nauru is concerned, we look at every individual complaint, if there is, and very quickly they've been thrown out, you know, being things that are made-up, a lot of them. Claims are unfounded but they are going to look into them. Well, you would hope they are going to look into them. These are claims that are, some of them at least, still to be assessed. We also spoke to Scott Morrison about a few other things ahead of the resumption of parliament in just over a week's time. This week we have seen a number of his colleagues starting to put forward ideas on what they can do about the banks. They're not backing a royal commission, or at least most of them aren't backing a royal commission, as Labor has suggested, into the banks but we have seen a number suggest the idea of a backing tribunal that would take the process out of the courts but allow customers, so-called victims, of banks, a forum in which they can have their claims heard and settled and the banks can be held to account. Well, Scott Morrison isn't shutting down this idea. In fact, he says it is quite a 'helpful' suggestion.What I find helpful about these suggestions, Morrison whether that particular outcome is one that is supported or not, is they're dealing, by raising very specific problems. We don't want it to become decided by who has the most money by lawyers. It is important that you get these issues heard and this people can have their cases heard, and that you can get to a point of resolution. I think that's what really frustrates people. Those remarks certainly will given couragement to those on the backbench who are pushing the idea of a bank or banking tribunal. Whether this ends up being policy will have to go through the party room and worked into some detail. But, clearly, it is another sign that the Government is aware of community sentiment on the banks. Labor is certainly aware of that as well, that's why they are hammering this issue every day. They've called for a royal commission. So maybe we will see further steps, further action from the Government on the banks. On top of the announcement last week that the four CEOs of the big banks will be called before the Parliamentary Committee. Scott Morrison said the Government is pretty keen to get this through Parliament this year. All-up, it wants to save or raise $6 billion through the Budget bottomline through various tax changes on superannuation, the limit on how much you can have in your account, the post-tax contributions, which were so heavily debated during the election campaign. It is a policy which still its critics on the Government backbench. A number still want to fight this is in the party room and that will happen in the coming weeks. Once the draft legislation is ready to roll. Scott Morrison did give us some details about the exemptions that will apply on this $500,000 cap. Things like compensation payout when you have an accident. You can put that in and it won't count towards the $500,000 cap. So, too, Scott Morrison had r has indicate at least, divorce settlements.I think that is an appropriate exemption, but you have to get the detail right so you don't create any unintended consequence. That was always, from the time of Budget, going to be a Mae to be worked through in that level of detail and we don't anticipate having a material impact on the estimates. But it could have a perverse incentive for cup ps to get -- couples to get divorced.No, I don't accept that, David. I think that's a ridiculous suggestion. Maybe he is right. Scott Morrison is saying it's ridiculous that people would get divorces just so they can put more money into their superannuation. You would like to think so. Some, however, do fear that to get around this loophole here would be to get divorced in name to allow more to be put in after tax to superannuation. Any more details on this we're yet to see in relation to the exemptions, the technical change it is Government has long talked about, but we will see in the coming weeks presume -- presumably. Good news for the Government on the unemployment figures. It has come down to 5.7%. You unemployment figures. It has come
down to 5.7%. You can see down to 5.7%. You can see there has been an increase in overall employment of 26,200, driven by a surge in part-time job of 71,600. There has been a fall in full-time jobs of just There has been a fall in full-time
jobs of just over 45,000 jobs of just over 45,000 in the month of July. This is what Labor had to say about it.What's clear is we have a problem creating full-time work. This year we have seen a decline in full-time jobs. In fact, the July figures show that there is a fall in full-time jobs of 45,400. Now, whilst that's been more than extended by the growth in part-time work, too many Australians are unable to find sufficient work to make ends meet. An unemployment rate going down is always good news, whether it is a part-time job, a job is still a job. We have been seeing in the part-time, full-time front, is that there is more flexibility with these part-time jobs.Scott Morrison arguing that any rise in the employment rate is good news and that having a part-time job is better than no job at all. But are we seeing a shift of people from full-time work into part-time work. Will they be paying less tax, less money for the economy? That will be a concern. We will talk more about that a little later in the hour. To the Olympics, two US swimmers have been released from a Rio prison after being involved in an alleged robbery. Meanwhile, a member of the International Olympics Committee has stepped down over alleged illegal ticket sales. Sky News reporter James Bracey is in Rio and filed this report. The Ryan Lochte stolen wallet saga has taken a dramatic twist with two of his American swimming teammates pulled off a plane in Rio. It came after a Brazilian judge found inconsistency in the statements made after a night out gone wrong when apparently the four bandits were held up -- the four were held up by bandits in police uniforms. The judge has ordered for Lochte and a teammate to remain in bralsz but Lochte has d d -- Brazil, but Lochte has already returned to the United States. Two other teammates were pulled off the plane. It is not the only headache for the Rio 2016 organisers and the IOC with the official Patrick Hickey, the head of the Irish Olympic Committee and also the European Unions for the Olympic Games, detained by police and officially charged over a ticket scalping. He's been linked to an apparent 1,000-plus tickets that were to be sold illegally here to the value of more than $4 million. Hickey is entitled for the world and everyone to believe he's innocent until proving guilty. As I say, no charges have been brought yet, so let's kind of not jump the gun on this one. It involves 1,000 tickets from the Irish NOC. They're looking into it and the police are looking into it.Inside the sporting arenas, Usain Bolt's brid for an unprecedented -- bid for an unprecedented third tittle has continued, with him finishing his race laughing and smiling with rival Andre De Grasse. And Australian Brooke Stratton was competing in the finals of the women's long jump, 6.74, her best jump of the night, finishing 7th. The United States won gold. And the Boomers are giving the Australian team some much-needed good news. They've cruised into the semifinals since the first time in Sydney 2000, downing Lithuania 90-64. Patty Mills had the most points. The Boomers eyeing off their first Olympic medal.It is obviously good to get that one. It has been a long and important campaign for us. So to come this far now, it's obviously good to get the win. But we've established the goal we all believe in. We'll talk to James Bracey a bit over an hour from now, live from Rio. We will take a quick break. Right now. Then back with our panel - Andrew Probyn and Mark Kenny.

TRANSMIT

Time to bring in our panelists this afternoon, Andrew Probyn, the Political Editor at The Western Australian, and Mark Kenny from the Herald and The Age. Scott Morrison said it was Tony Abbott's instructions to block Labor on the Malaysia solution. I know this is five years ago but it is very interesting, isn't it, they're still debating, squabbling about this.But also we're dealing with the aftermath. It was an amazing moment in time. It turns out that was a Sliding Doors moment for asylum seeker policy.Would it have been a game-changer?It is well known that the press gallery, we were briefed by Andrew Metcalf... The head of immigration.And the best advice to the Government, and the Opposition it turns out, was that the Malaysia people swap would work like a virtual boat turnback. Turnbacks was a big thing, the Coalition wanted the tow-backs. Gillard eventually relented and said we'll reopen Nauru. It was an otiose time in federal politics. 600 people had already died. Another 600 people would die... Tell me that number again. After the Malaysia plan...The document that was produced every time a boat arrived. It is an interesting, historic document. It shows after the Malaysian announcement was made and rejected there were 595 boats carrying 39,000 people. So this decision actually was quite relevant because if it had worked, and I know Tony Abbott disputes... This is the big thing we don't know whether the Malaysian deal would have worked...There would have been turn backs.The 800 asylum seekers arrived here in Australia would be sent back to Malaysia, essentially picked at random. If you were coming to Australia, you could not guarantee that even if you overcame all those risks of death at sea, even if you made it all the way you couldn't be guaranteed that you wouldn't be picked out of the group and sent to Malaysia. The quid pro quo with Malaysia was 4,000 people already established as refugees would come from there to Australia. The Opposition at the time played hardball with this. They got everything they wanted, like the reopening of Nauru, and still said that they wouldn't give the legislative go-ahead for this to Hatch. The Greens were the same. Everyone was getting all duey-eyed about it. There were people creuing in Parliament talking about kids and -- crying in Parliament, talking with the kids, and all this, but 600 penal died after this -- people died after this.There was a plan that it would be capped. We weren't doing a signatory or turnbacks. However, would it have helped a bit thisTo be fair, it may have actually worked.But we don't know.We don't know, but why shouldn't we have tried, given the human toll afterwards. So all those people, Joe Hockey crying at the dispatch box about the suffering of family members, there was an awful lot of genuine bad news that happened as a result of that policy negation at the time.In fact the second time they tried to bring it back it came after 100 people died in one incident.Which makes it a valid question. Tony Abbott is now saying he regrets that. He is not walking away from the fact it was his call. Scott Morrison now says it was his instruction, the leader's instruction, were his words on this.Yes.What does that tell you? What does indicate to you, that he didn't own that decision, Scott Morrison?Well, he is disowning responsibility for a start. But I don't think he can entirely.I don't think I've seen a more enthusiastic advocate of a policy than Scott Morrison at the time or-Indeed, during his entire stewardship of the immigration policy.But if that was his party's position, that was his job.Sure. He said, "I was following my leader's instructions." His then leader, Tony Abbott, said there was a tamt decision, as poll -- team decision as policy decisions were. Going to your question, it tells us about some devices that are quite significant inside the Liberal Party at the moment. The animus, the hostility directed towards Scott Morrison for switching to Turnbull at last year's leadership change.Yep.And other divisions in the party.It also might be genuine regret from Tony Abbott.Correct. That's the thing, this was a very tough call that they made. It was steeped in politics as much as... And you look at the difficulty the Government is now having in trying to find a third country resettle option. Malaysia may have been an option but because of what happened five years ago and the way Malaysia was trashed-talked by some, it does make it obviously...It is going to be hard to go back to Malaysia and ask them if they would consider such a deal because, guess what, it might still be a good option were it not for the history of this.A couple of other interest things. Scott Morrison saying the banking tribunal that some of his colleagues on the backbench have put forward is a 'helpful' suggestion. This is going to give them a fair bit of encouragement, isn't it? It is not saying 'we, we are going to do it' but this is a further sign, Mark, the Government is keen to do more about the banks? I think it is recognition that the Government is keen to be seeing more, after Shorten's relentless I pursue of a banking royal commission. It was a winner for Labor, through the election and continues to be since. That's why Turnbull made the concession of having the banking CEOs come before the Economics Committee. But that is seen as relatively piecemeal. Government MPs are still pursuing this issue of a separate tribunal. I don't think Morrison, given what we have just been talking about and the an tip think there, I don't -- antipathy there, I think he needs to be come -- accommodating of his backgempge -- backbenchers.On the idea on superannuation, the Treasurer has confirmed a few more things about exemptions that will apply.

apply. Confirming divorce settlements will be exempt. Without it affecting the $500,000 cap. Sounds sensible?I think it is sensible. It comes back to the basic criticisms that some of the Liberals have, if you're going to have a $1.56 million cap, why should you be worried about how you get there. If you, through good fortune, are able to get there when in other circumstances you might not have - like, say, through a divorce settlement, although that's not all that fortunate. But if you can get to that limit, then that's probably good enough.And the idea, he says it's ridiculous that this would be an incentive for some to get divorced so they can pile more into superannuation.I think he is right there.I think Morrison is the on the right track there. They've been to right track with this policy trying to do something about these generous tax concessions. I do think that the weakness of announcing it in the Budget without a party process has been exposed since. It didn't get discussed a lot during the election campaign because you can't afford to do that. There is a fair bit of friction inside the party. Some of it is playing out because of some of these other issues we've been talking about the tensions inside the Government.They're still there but I think the Treasurer is mounting a pretty solid around... He is mounting a good argument on equity grounds. I think he has a very sound pox to pursue there -- position to pursue there. He is right to be nuancing the policy, accepting that there are circumstances, there should be exemptions, where people such as the example we're talking about need to catch up and should not be financially penalised for that because that's not what it is about.This is of course one savings measures of the Budget. The superannuation aspect. The other is this omnibus bill for all sorts of spending cut that is Labor said they would back. Fair enough, Labor wants to see the detail before they're onboard.They should give an indication, I think.Absolutely. This is looking pretty politically rotten...It is crazy for Labor.If they are going to pretend to block it and then they back down a bit... We have seen them perform a few of these undignified backflips during the election campaign itself. So having lost skin there you wouldn't want to lose more.Wouldn't you bank this early in the term and move on to the fights you want to fight on?I think so.I agree. Alright. We've solved that one. Well put.Vietnam, you and I were talking about this earlier today, Mark. This was a shock yesterday, the announcement that the official service won't go ahead at Long Tan. Now they have small groups allowed to go in and lay a wreath at least. But should it have been a surprise? Dan Tehan told us earlier they had planned a bigger service, they had planned some dinners at restaurants back in time. Little Paddy was going to play at one of those. She is not anymore. Is that the concert field that upseat the Vietnamese here? These are 70-year-old blokes here, Vietnam vets, who've gone over to remember the moment.And family.It is not a party atmosphere, is it?I think this is a bad story all around. You can certainly sympathise with these vets who have've gone over there in good faith with their families, and many of them have very fond of Vietnam right now.Some of them live there.That's right. It is terrible this has happened at the last minute. Nonetheless, it does seem to me that the sensitivities that some of these celebrations would, at least, you know, inflame should have been recognised. There should have been more...I would think there should have been more planning and more sensitivity in a diplomatic sense to the risks here. We have Australian diplomats based there.Yes, and their job is to read the public mood...The mood. And to, I think, balance the risks. Information is a bit sparse but it looks like this whole thing has got big on the Vietnamese and they've decided, "Look, there is bigger than we had understood',You can understand the local officials being fine with it - lots of tourism and 1,500 people coming into town, spending Mount Buller -- spending money, great. But at that national government level?This is a country that invaded their country. They lost a lot more people than we did, millions, we invided along with the US and other and -- invaded along with the US and others, fought a long and bloodied wall and we lost. We're coming in to celebrate this. Look at it from that perspective, it is not hard to imagine that the Vietnamese may take a different view of it than the one we do. I don't reflect negatively on the Diggers here at all. I just think that the Australian mission there, perhaps, could have been a bit more attune to the risks and should have told the Government to say, "We need to be careful to keep this sober, keep this contained because there is is danger that it could inflame tensions and the pin could be pulled."We have to go, Andrew Probyn and Mark Kenny, good to talk to you. Thank you very much. Quick break and then back with more.

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Alright, to some other news this afternoon. Victims of black lung are calling for the Queensland Government to hold a royal commission into the resurgence of the deadly disease as the State Opposition moves a motion within Parliament to establish an inquiry within 30 days. Three new cases of black lung have been confirmed in the state, just this month, taking the official number to 14. Unions say that number will only escalate. At just 13 years of age, Stephen Mellor couldn't believe it when he was diagnosed with black lung disease.I was devastated at first. I honestly didn't believe the doctors or anyone because this is a disease that didn't exist many this country farce we were concerned. The -- as far as we were concerned. The former coal miner is one of several to join forces to form a black lung victims group calling on the Government to hold a royal commission into the resurgence of the deadly disease.A lot of guys aren't prepared to speak up because they're scared of losing their jobs.Victims want competition with a 10 cents per tonne production as well as a study. The State Opposition also wants action.This House calls on the Government to establish a commission of inquiry been 30 days of today's date into the re-Ehmer -- re-emergence of black lung disease in coal miners.

black lung disease in coal miners.
Black lung, or pneumoconiosis, has re-emerged with the official number of cases totalling 14. Children in Tasmania will be able to start kindergarten at the age of 3-and-a-half from 2025 as part of -- 2020 as part of changes to the Education Act. The Government believes it will improve a child's investigation and has invested additional funds to keep up with an influx of new students. It is not compulsory but the Tasmanian Government feels it will improve the quality of life for a child in school. If parents wish to, children can start year 1 at 4-and-a-half years old, starting school. kindergarten at 3-and-a-half.All the evidence points to the fact that the earlier you start quality play base learning, the better it is for them through school and later on in life.The Government will invest $100 million in teachers and specialist staff. It is part of a major reform to the Education Agent which includes extending Tasmanian high school to year 12. It says lowering the age will help parents with childcare. Those kids missing out now from more vulnerable and disadvantaged backgrounds will be able tok a ses quality early learning earlier.The changes will take effect from 2020. And Donald Trump has been entrusted now with classified information about America's security. The Republican Presidential candidate took part in his first closed-door intelligence briefing this morning. It comes after Mr Trump shuffled his campaign staff for the second time in two months. It's the Trump Tower version of a potential White House Cabinet meeting. The key optic - Trump in the same position as a President, surrounded by national security he wayweights -- heavyweights including Michael Flynn and a former New York Mayor. He has much experience as Barack Obama had in 2008.Soon after, another chance to appear presidential. Trump headed to the FBI's New York office for his long-planned, classified intelligence briefing from the Obama Administration, Flynn, a decades-long intelligence officer, now addamently anti- -- adamantly anti-Obama was also there. Even before hearing the classified information, Trump was asked if he trusts US intelligence?Not so much from the people who've been doing it for our country. Looks what's happened over the last 10 years, look at what's happened over the year. It has been catastrophic.The plan to brief presidential anti-Obama candidates isn't new, but this year it is different, says former CIA officer and briefer David Priest. On the one hand you have a candidate who seems to say what he thinks without a filter. On the other hand you have somebody who the FBI director has called out publicly from being careless with sensitive information.The briefings include classified information on threats like ISIS, but don't include covert action details, the so-called Crown Jewels of intelligence.Donald Trump will present a challenge to a briefer but a challenge that most briefers that I worked with back in the day would have relished. Here is a chance to try to get a message through to somebody who appears to take information differently than many other people. Alright. We are going to talk more about Donald Trump, our panel coming up in the next hour, Michael Kroger and Peter Beattie. Do stay with us - more right after the break. Captions by Ericsson Access Services.