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Foreign Correspondent -

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(generated from captions) BHARTIKA: We want to do it,
so we do it. We feel every living being... I mean, they should have the right
to eat and do what they want to do. As an act of kindness?
Yeah. Yeah.
It's an act of kindness. Every day, Bhartika makes chapatis for all the animals
in their neighbourhood. BHARTIKA: In a way it's good. For us it's good karma. It's a good deed, yes.
It's the making of good karma.

MARTIN: These are all your cows,
are they? BHARTIKA: No,
they are the temple's cows. Not the community cows,
the ashram cows. The temple that you just visited?
Oh, I see, right. They take care of the cows. That's the Radha-Krishna temple
there. So these are Jain cows.
Uh, yes, you could say that. Yeah, you can say that. Mr Martin, you can feed the cows.
Oh, great. Thanks.

(Clicks tongue) Come here, cow. (Makes kissing noises) Look, will you take chapatis
from a foreigner?

Yes, you will. Lovely.
How about you?

Look at this. Never mind that,
have some of that. Lovely.

We don't have to be Jains. Wherever we are
and whatever we believe, I think mutual need and respect should form the basis of the
relationship between man and beast.

It's when those qualities are absent that things go horribly,
and sometimes irreversibly, wrong.

The world is a better place
for animals, but with so many species
jostling for survival whose needs are as varied
as their shapes, it does us no harm to stop and think about our relationships
with every living thing.

Captions by CSI Australia

This program is live captioned by Ericsson Access Services.


It may not look like it
from up here, but the Chinese juggernaut
is slowing down.

The most visible sign - more and more eerie
places like this. Whole cities built for
workers who never come.

North-eastern China is ground zero. Just several years ago
growth here was 14%, now it's barely above 2%. No economy has risen so rapidly and so many buildings
been built so quickly.

It's unprecedented
in human history. During boom times, a city like this
was built once a month. Then it was a testament
to a prosperous future and now a legacy to China's slow down.

It's early morning
in New Shenfu city.

These are the only
residents we can find.

And it is that. The streets are empty
and apartments abandoned.

This city was built to take
the overflow from China's once booming
industrial heartland but now the old engines
of the economy - construction, coal,
and steel are slowing. So we're in the centre of the city
and that steel ring behind me is meant to symbolise
eternal growth and life, but not in this city. There's just high rise after high
rise after high rise of empty apartments.

We chance upon a former
construction worker who says that building
stopped three years ago.

It's not long before the men
in black cars turn up. They're Communist Party officials
who shut down the interview.

Nice to meet you.
Nice to meet you.

And say they want to
take us to a place where we can see something good.

Inside this bubble is their vision
of what New Shenfu will become - a thriving high-tech metropolis. The world and China has been
affected by the slowdown. What impact do you think
it is actually having here?

The diligent spokeswoman is being
directed by Party officials who aren't keen to come on camera.

(MUSIC) It belies the reality outside. Just a short drive away,
more wasted concrete - an entire city built around
the national sporting games of 2013, with barely
a soul in sight. It's believed there could
be another 50 places like this in China. All built on debt, which has more than doubled
in the past decade. (MUSIC)

Next to the ghost cities
is a real one, Shenyang, home to 10 million and a major
centre in the north-east.

The wealth here originally came
from heavy industry, but now the government is hoping
a new middle class can help transform the economy to one
built on consumption, technology, and services.

(MUSIC) Instead, more signs of stagnation
everywhere you look.

This was meant to be cheap public
housing but it lies abandoned. So we're actually in Shenyang City
and there's 55 buildings here, something like 15,000 apartments, something like 15,000 apartments, and problem is there's many more
like this in this city.

The slowdown is starting
to take a human toll. Many in Shenyang start the day
with the hope of finding work. One of them is Ma Jian,
a former construction worker. He hasn't had a job in 10 days
and is getting desperate.

The days of getting a job
with cradle to grave care at a state owned enterprise
are over for these men.

They now come to this itinerant
labour market and hustle for a day's work. If they're lucky
they'll be put into a van and taken to earn $20 a day. Thousands come here every day
looking for work and you can see
the anger and desperation here. Really, they say,
the government is not helping and they are doing nothing for them and that the party officials
are only helping themselves.

Yao Mingjun was a coal miner
for 33 years before he was forced
into early retirement.

It's only going to get worse,
but how bad is hard to know. The government won't reveal true
unemployment figures, but it has said another six million will lose their jobs
in coal and steel.

For an 11th day, Ma Jian
doesn't get any work.

He and coalminer Yao Mingjun agree
to show us where they live.

They move around sleeping
in temporary accommodation as they chase work. They get a bed here
for a dollar a night.

About 20 will bunk in this small
apartment every night, not knowing where the next job
or meal will come from. A new underclass is emerging and it poses a huge threat
to the government. Suddenly, the landlord
tells us to leave.

And later, Yao Mingjun reveals
he was beaten by this man for bringing us to the apartment.

To truly understand
what the economic slowdown might mean for China, you have to come south,
to Shenzhen. Once a tiny fishing village, it's
now known as the world's factory.

Since the 1980s, 270 million
migrant workers have moved from their villages
to provide the cheap labour that made China
the world's second biggest economy. The dilemma for the migrant workers
and for the government is that if they lose their jobs
they don't go home. There is nothing for them
left in their villages. Most stay and if they get a new job it's often with less pay
and worse conditions. And that's making the masses
resentful and angry.

Last year there was an average
of eight strikes a day, nearly 3,000 for 2015 -
twice as many as the year before. It's proving to be the single
biggest challenge to government control.

(MUSIC) We've come to meet prominent labour
activist Zhang Ziru. And it's surprising
he's still operating. Most other activists have been silenced,
detained, or disappeared.

Mr Zhang has lived the boom and now
the slowdown in the south. Factories are closing and others are relocating to
the outer provinces, or South East Asia,
where labour and rents are cheaper.

He first came here when he was 15
to work in a shoe factory.

A self-taught lawyer,
Mr Zhang has helped organise some of China's biggest strikes -
up to 50,000 protestors at a time.

Most of these strikes go unreported
and police brutality is the norm. He expects worker unrest to grow
as the slowdown gets worse.

Mr Zhang lets us film how he works. His organisation, Spring Breeze,
is based out of this small office. He says one of his primary tasks
is to educate workers about their rights.

He tries to use China's legal
system to solve disputes. Often the laws can
be liberal on paper, but they're rarely enforced.

The idea is also to encourage
and stimulate debate. Grassroots politics -
unacceptable to the authorities.

These are dangerous sentiments.

All the phones, all the mobiles,
all the social media, and even Mr Zhang's car,
are tracked, they're monitored, they're bugged. The police could come here
at any moment and arrest Mr Zhang as they've
done countless times in the past.

Wu Fengqun is one of those
Mr Zhang is trying to help. She came to Shenzhen and worked in the same clothing
factory for a decade. She worked hard and landed
a supervisor's job, then took out a loan to build her dream home
back in her village.

Last year the company downsized,
and she took a big pay cut. Then she and her coworkers
discovered the company had not been paying welfare benefits like
housing and medical allowances. Mr Zhang helped them organise
a campaign of strikes. And after that they were sacked.

Like most migrant workers,
she's made enormous sacrifices in the hope of creating
a better life for her family. Wu left her son behind
in the village and lost 10 years
of life with him.

To survive, she's forced to take
short term contracts where the pay is much worse
and the hours much longer.

(KNOCKING) Then the knock at the door -
the authorities are never far away. They tell us we can't
continue the interview.

They're from residential security, another layer
of China's police state.

Labour activist Mr Zhang's also
paid a heavy price for his work. He now lives and sleeps
in his office. The authorities forced his family
to move 13 times in last couple of years, so to protect them
he divorced his wife.


It's late at night and Mr Zhang
is heading to another meeting.

He knows
there's a long way to go in the fight for workers' rights and he's fatalistic
about what may happen to him.

He says it's worth it
as progress is being made.

Tonight he's meeting
with representatives of workers in a firm making medical equipment. The company is about to be sold
but the reps discovered management hasn't been paying
their social insurance, which can make up 30%
of workers' wages.

So the workers went
on a go slow for a week. And it seems to have worked. They've received a contract
from management that basically meets
their demands.

Mr Zhang says the contract
is still vague, so they'll still have to keep
the pressure on management as he negotiates further.

The following week the company
agrees to their revised demands. Mr Zhang's job is done.

Hello. I'm Jenifer Byrne. And tonight, we are talking
about the books that transport you. The ones you say,
when you reach the last page, "That just swept me away,
showed me another world. "That took me back to a time
I'd forgotten "or maybe made me look inside myself
and discover something fresh there." They're books with a bit of
rocket fuel in them. We all have books like that
in our lives and tonight, to help you get back in touch
with your own, we've asked four keen readers
to share theirs. A tremendous and diverse band it is, made up of performer Kitty Flanagan, Indigenous leader Noel Pearson, author and journalist John Birmingham and fantasy author C.S. Pacat, probably best known for
her Captive Prince trilogy. Please join me in giving a rousing
Book Show welcome to them all.

Now, we are going to start at the
deep end of the pool, with you, Noel, because
it's an irresistible combination - a book by one of the great poets
and thinkers of his day selected by one of the greatest
orators and activists of our own, written by a blind man born
more than four centuries ago and still firing your brain. Won't you please tell us what it is
and why you love it? I'm convinced this is the one book
other than the Holy Bible sitting next to the bedside-table
of God. Hold it up. Share it, Noel! With the reading glasses and the glass of water is this amazing production of human art. I'm one of the 14%, I think, who believe he is superior to
Shakespeare, but like Shakespeare... You just made that up!
(LAUGHS) Only Shakespeare can match
his ability to fire the neurons in your brain
in relational language. Samuel Johnson said that everybody picks this up
and then puts it back down and I've done that
since high school. I've probably read it completely
five times but now that I'm 51,
this is a major obsession. It's all come together for me
and it's a most ambitious book. It's a most ambitious work of art,
I think, because it's about the prehistory
of the creation of the universe. This is before the Bible and just the scope of Milton's
ambition with this work is the most striking thing, right. It's just been so fortunate, Jenny, that you've invited me
on to the show to share my passion about Paradise Lost. I knew you'd bring us something to
chew on and my Lord, you have! Let's go back.
51 - you said you've come back to it. Why's it different now? For some reason, six months ago, I pick it up again
and I start reading it to my family. My son's on the Angus Young
SG guitar playing Thunderstruck and I'm reading, you know, essentially about sin and death
creating the highway to hell. And when you said that to your son, you know, correlating Milton
and Angus Young and AC/DC, how'd that go? (LAUGHS) Well, I was reading
the passage about Christ, you know, hurling the rancorous crew
out of heaven. A third rebelled. A third of the angels in heaven
rebelled and of course Christ
eventually drives them, and the words Milton uses,
'like timorous goats'. 'Thunderstruck'. And of course he hurls them down
to, you know, perdition in hell. And doesn't it start with them and they're basically going to make
a raiding party back up? I think.
Yeah, OK. So Satan arises
from the blasted heath and starts to think
how he's going plot his revenge.