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Pressure mounts on the IOC to ban Russia from the Olympic Games -

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MATT WORDSWORTH, PRESENTER: It wouldn't be the Olympics without a doping scandal, but the Rio Games face potentially one of the biggest in history before they've even begun. With fewer than two weeks until the opening ceremony, the International Olympic Committee is under pressure to disqualify the entire Russian team. The Court of Arbitration for Sport in Switzerland has ruled that the Olympic ban on 68 Russian track and field athletes can stand, but recent explosive revelations about the widespread nature of Russia's doping system has many calling for a blanket ban on every athlete representing the powerhouse nation in Brazil. Ben Worsley reports.

NEWSREADER: The Russian Darya Pishchalnikova this year registered the longest throw in the world for the last two decades.

REPORTER: The Russian threat was looming. Kirdyapkin Russian led the charge and this was where he took a lead he wouldn't surrender.

COMMENTATOR: They're flying down the home straight and she's gonna to win by a huge margin!

REPORTER II: Anna Chicherova didn't miss a single jump on her way to the winning height.

REPORTER III: The outcome was a formality, the Russian winning by almost a minute.

COMMENTATOR II: And it's an Olympic record.

CHRIS ERICKSON, OLYMPIC WALKER, GEELONG: Yeah, it's very frustrating as a clean athlete to know that you're getting up every day and going out there and training as hard as you possibly can, you know, doing everything right to be able to get yourself ready to go for the next session when then you find out that there's other athletes who are simply just using the needle to get their next session in.

BEN WORSLEY, REPORTER: In a few days, Chris Erickson flies to Rio for his third Olympics. He'll compete in the 50 kilometre walk, an athletic pursuit now synonymous with Russian doping. Erickson believes he's been competing against cheats for a decade.

CHRIS ERICKSON: I can clearly remember in 2009 at a race in China sitting behind the Olympic champion Valeriy Borchin from Russia, who'd won the Olympics in Beijing the previous year, and directly behind him and just looking at his back, which was was covered in acne, and that's a tell-tale sign for someone who's using performance-enhancing drugs and I kinda had - it was a watershed moment for me, and this was way back in 2009, that hey, something's going wrong here.

COMMENTATOR III: Well done Jared Tallent, back-to-back silver medals.

BEN WORSLEY: When Jared Tallent finished second to Sergey Kirdyapkin in London, everyone knew he'd been robbed. His belated gold medal ceremony last month brought Russian doping into sharp focus in Australia. Now, less than a fortnight before Brazil, it's very much a global concern.

MATTHIEU REEB, COURT OF ARBITRATION FOR SPORT, LAUSANNE: The Court of Arbitration for Sport has dismissed the requests filed by the Russian Olympic Committee and 68 Russian athletes.

BEN WORSLEY: Overnight, the Court of Arbitration for Sport upheld the ban on Russia's track and field team, first implemented by the International Athletics Federation last November. The IAAF's hand was forced by a flood of evidence implicating Russian athletes in the widespread use of performance-enhancing drugs. According to the Kremlin, keeping Russia out of the Olympics is purely political.

VITALY MUTKO, RUSSIAN SPORTS MINISTER, MOSCOW (voiceover translation): In my view, this is a subjective and somewhat politicised decision for which there is no legal basis. The court has taken a decision that violates the rights of clean athletes. We are going to continue to defend our dignity.

BEN WORSLEY: And Russia's athletes have been lining up to do just that.

SVETLANA ULOGA, RUSSIAN 800M RUNNER (voiceover translation): I think it's unfair to punish the whole country or clean athletes. We have nothing to do with it and we're deprived of the opportunity.

CRAIG REEDIE, : They're not the only country with a doping problem, but at the moment, I am not aware of any other country with quite such a government-organised doping problem. There may be sympathies from governments in different parts of the world, but this is really, really a shocking example of cheating that's lasted for four years.

BEN WORSLEY: The cheating Sir Craig Reedie is referring to is startling in its scale and audacity. The lastest evidence was laid bare just two days before the Court of Arbitration's decision in the findings of fresh WADA investigation.

RICHARD MCLAREN, REPORT AUTHOR, TORONTO (Tuesday): From all of this comes a picture which emerges of an intertwined network of state involvement through the Ministry of Sport ... It was a fail-safe method of permitting cheating Russian athletes to compete while using performance-enhancing substances.

BEN WORSLEY: Russia's dismal showing at the 2010 Vancouver Winter Olympics prompted a state-sanctioned system of doping, but more importantly, deception.

Much of it played out during the 2014 Sochi Games, when urine samples from Russian athletes who tested positive for performance-enhancing drugs were swapped. Secret service agents smuggled the samples through a hole in the wall of the official doping laboratory. The urine was replaced with a clean sample and the bottles were smuggled back in.

RICHARD INGS, FMR ASADA CHIEF EXEC., CANBERRA: The fraud that was committed in anti-doping in Russia was very simple in its execution. It was a chain of command that extended all the way to the Russian Ministry of Sport. It was comprehensive state-sanctioned doping.

BEN WORSLEY: When positive samples weren't being swapped, they were often simply renamed. WADA calls this scheme the disappearing positive methodology and it was operating as late as August last year. If an athlete considered a medal chance returned a positive drug test before a major event, a senior government minister would change the official documentation to record a negative result. The system allowed dozens of Russian drug cheats to qualify for the London Olympics.

RICHARD INGS: The outcomes of this particular investigation come as no surprise for keen observers of anti-doping internationally. We've known for a long time that the global anti-doping system is a house of cards. It's built on trust, not on competency in auditing. And if a country like Russia is able to subvert the international anti-doping system so comprehensively for so many years, then it really could happen anywhere.

BEN WORSLEY: The disappearing positive results system mostly involved Russia's track and field athletes, who won't be going to Rio, but there are nearly 30 other sports also implicated, including five that Russia won gold in in London.

JASON MAZANOV, UNSW: The Pound report of November, 2015 was very clear that it would be naive to think that it was just athletics and that it was just Russia. We've now established that it wasn't just athletics in Russia.

BEN WORSLEY: The question now is what the International Olympic Committee does about the Russian athletes in those other sports. The Court of Arbitration decision opens the door for the governing bodies of the sports to follow athletics and ban Russian competitors from their events in Rio. The IOC must decide next week whether to leave that decision to each sporting federation, many of which are heavily funded by Russia, or whether to issue a blanket ban on the entire nation.

JOHN FAHEY, FORMER WADA PRESIDENT: I think the Olympic movement and the Olympic Games itself will face some threat itself as time goes on if there is no strong action taken here.

CHRIS ERICKSON: In my personal opinion, I don't think the rest of the Russian team should be allowed to compete. The IOC really need to take a stand here and now and say, "Enough is enough."

MATT WORDSWORTH: Ben Worsley reporting.