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(generated from captions) It's because of the texture,
the flavour,

that it's so soft and gentle,

so it makes it so easy
to eat and appreciate.

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look at the texture of this.

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Marketplace massacres. Almost 150 killed in IS bloodbaths. The battle for Fallujah. Iraq's offensive to
drive out militants. Civilians are under great danger
as they try to flee. The captain's pick
quits the senate. Nova Peris refuses
to recontest her seat. She is a trailblazer on the track
and a trailblazer in the Senate.

Good evening. Human rights groups say a spate
of bombings in Syria that have left

dozens dead are war crimes. IS has claimed the attacks
on the cities of Tartous and Jableh

on the Mediterranean coast. Syrian state media says
78 people were killed, but the Syrian Observatory
for Human Rights says the death

toll is 145. This wasn't about
a military target. It was the time of morning
for market shopping,

for going to school. At the bus station in
Tartous, a car bomb. Then witnesses say two bombers
detonated suicide vests and then another explosion,
near a supermarket.

The fourth explosion took place
near the Abu Nadim supermarket. Minutes later, in Jableh,
56km up the coast, at the bus station and market -
a car bomb. At the hospital's emergency room,
they were rushing to attend

to the wounded.

We started taking people to the emergency area. We took 10 to 15 people. And then one of the terrorists entered between the injured people and they blew himself up.

himself up.Niece are cities where many thought they would be safe. It's the first coordinated attack on two government held cities sin the war began. Now, observers fear retaliation.The terrorists are trying to undermine the state. By targeting innocent civils. They are cowards. The Syrian government accusing Turkey, Qatar and Saudi Arabia of being behind the attacks, but IS claiming responsibility. Is a news agency they are linked to tweeting:

A rmp to the branch of Islam to which President Assad belongs. Human rights groups say these are war crimes but point out it's not just IS out it's not just IS killing civilians. It's completely unacceptable and make our determination to make the cessation of hostilities work even stronger. But the cessation of hostilities that is falling apart downed include IS and the al-Qaeda-affiliated Al-Nusra Front. Urgent need to get a political process moving a political process moving forward, that can resolve the civil war in Syria to that all parties can turn their attention to Daesh. In the meantime, little choice for Syria's people, other than to try so survive. IS also claimed responsibility
for the suicide bombings in Yemen's

southern city, Aden. At least 45 people died and 60
were injured in the two attacks. The first suicide car bomb hit
a recruitment centre as young men

lined up to enlist for the army. The second explosion
was detonated outside the home

of an army commander. There are reports that IS death
squads have been set up in Fallujah, with orders
to kill anyone trying

to flee, or surrender. Iraqi forces have begun
a major offfensive to drive

IS out the city. The UN says civilians
are in great danger, and dozens are already thought
to have been killed and wounded. IS positions come under
intense rocket fire. The battle for Fallujah has been
unleashed, the city pounded with heavy air and
artillery bombardment. Iraqi forces clashed
with IS militants, in their first direct engagement,
on the outskirts of Fallujah. The Iraqi Army video shows
ground troops advancing,

as their assault began. Soldiers, militia-men and tribal
fighters have surrounded the city. Iraq's defence minister already
hailing the offensive a success.

But it's likely to be
a tough, protracted battle. It's estimated up to 700
IS fighters are defending the city. IS social media posts claim attacks
by Iraqi forces have been repelled. The Iraqi military says dozens
of IS militants have been killed, but hasn't revealed any
casualties on its side. There have been civilians deaths
too, some killed while trying

to get out of Fallujah. One of the problems is that
civilians are under great danger

as they try to flee. Iraq's prime minister vowed
to protect civilians as he met military commanders,
at an operational command

centre, near Fallujah. But those trying to escape face
roadside bombs, booby traps,

and IS death squads. The besieged people of Fallujah,
a Sunni Muslim stronghold, are said to be terrified
of IS but also afraid of the Shiah militias fighting
with the Iraqi army. Trapped, with nowhere to run,
and nowhere to hide. US President Barack Obama wants
a stronger alliance with Vietnam. His comments follow his scrapping
of the decades-old arms embargo, the final vestige
of the Vietnam War. Mr Obama announced an agreement
establishing the Peace Corps program in Vietnam
for the first time. A generation after young
Americans came here to fight, a new generation is going to come
here to teach and build and deepen

the friendships between us. Mr Obama will next fly
to Ho Chi Minh City to sell the benefits of the Trans-Pacific
Partnership agreement. Julia Gillard's captain's pick
as a Northern Territory senator, former Olympic athlete, Nova Peris,
will not contest the election, leaving a gap in the Labor party
ticket it urgently needs to fill. On the campaign trail today,
the Government tried to step up its attack on Labor
over election promises, but an attempt to discredit
the opposition's funding plan

backfired. The first indigenous
woman in Parliament, Nova Peris, is bowing
out of politics. In a statement, Senator Peris said
she had made the decision not to re contest after careful
deliberation with her family. Handpicked by Julia Gillard
to be the Labor Senator for the Northern Territory
above the then incumbent, Senator Peris faced intense
personal and family scrutiny once

she entered parliament. Senator Peris is a trailblazer. She is a trailblazer on the track
and a trailblazer in the Senate. One of the senators
who was a captain's pick now I am not sure if it is
a captain's flick. In her maiden speech Senator Peris
noted the significance

of her entry into politics. I am a member of the oldest
continuous living culture on earth. On the campaign trail,
Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull stepped up the attack
on Labor over costings. Outspending us by 20-1 in this
campaign, billion-dollar Bill. But back in Parliament House
an attempt to discredit Labor backfired with the government
conceding, its costings of Labor

spending is up for debate. It's for Labor to clarify,
but worst case scenario is $67 billion, best case scenario
is a $32 billion black hole.

They're not stupid people. They know exactly
what they're doing. These are not accidents
from the two of them. They know the information
they are giving the Australian

people is wrong. Bill Shorten finished up his visit
to Perth with a visit

to a GP clinic. While the Prime Minister has
shifted his focus to Victoria where he will spend
the next few days. It is week 3 of the election
campaign and the first time Prime Minister Turnbull has visited
Corangamite an electorate

with a changing demographic. Bill Shorten made it one
of his earlier destinations. Won by the Liberal party
at the last federal election

with a 3.9% margin. This seat is one Labor hopes
will swing back its way on July 2. Corangamite, west of Melbourne
stretches from the southern part of Geelong to the great ocean road
and the surf coast towns of Torquay, Anglesea
and inland to Colac,

Winchelsea and Meredith. Hit by the downturn in the car
industry Mr Turnbull visited a high tech company that is expanding,
promoting his innovation agenda. Locals on the surf coast are
weighing up the parties on offer. It is a bit iffy think,
I might swing to the Labor Party

or something. Probably Liberal. Why? Always have. I wish they would just stop
attacking each other

and get onto policies. Both leaders will be
in Victoria tomorrow. Billionaire businessman
Clive Palmer won the seat of Fairfax by just 53
votes, making it one

of the most marginal electorates. SBS political reporter
Brooke Boney has spent the day

in Fairfax and joins us live. Brooke, how do voters there feel
about Clive Palmer not

contesting this election?

Well, the locals we spoke to today were certain about 1 thing they are bad to see the back of the last representative, Clivof the last representative, Clive Palmer. They are still reeling over the closure of the Palmer Coolum resort, that took with it, 600 jobs. If they go with Liberal, they may choose to go with the Liberals, or teach them a lesson. If they go with Labor, it will be the first time in decades. The seat of Fairfax stretches from Maroochydore in the south, to the Palmer-owned Coolum resort in the north. Now he has confirmed he won't contest the Senate, Clive Palmer's political career has gone the way of the dinosaur. He is self-centred and greedy. He has done nothing but destroy a resort that used to have an international golf tournament.In 2013, he took votes from both the Coalition and Labor, and scrapped through on a margin of 0. Zo 3% to win Fairfax. What makes this interesting, in the winning back of the vote.It's not just personality politics that has people here disillusioned. They want growth in infrastructure, tourism and no changes in superannuation. Locals have been waited for up grades to the Bruce Highway for decades.When I came up here 18 years ago, the trains were supposed to come within five years. And still no trains.Traditionally an LNP stronghold, the people of Fairfax became disillusioned after years of no promises.The whole thing that happened with Palmer, a bit of an exercise in if you are not representing us properly, we'll turf you out. They are sitting, did we go too far with it?One man hoping to capitalise on the disenchantment with the major party assist the local independent candidate, Kris Bullen.I'm taking Clive's job, hopefully.He is campaigning on local issues.Like a lot of other people, I grew tired of our existing situation. And I thought to myself, someone's got to do something. eone's got to do something. I'm not one to complain and expect somebody else to do it.And Labor is Liberal are running candidates, and they'll be hoping to change the existing situation too. Neither Malcolm Turnbull nor Bill Shorten have been here ittiest on the election campaign, but Queensland is a key state for Labor if they want to win back those 19 seats they need to form government. Anthony Albanese was here nthony Albanese was here yesterday. He's the shadow infrastructure minister, and he didn't bring with him his cheque book, but the people of the sunshine coast are still hopeful they'll get a slice of the pie when it comes to infrastructure spending. We take a look at some exclusive polling on same-sex marriage later on.

Coming up in SBS World News: A court hears police agreed to lie
to investigators after shooting

a man dead. Shortly, the Victorian
government's world first,

an apology for gay convictions. And, later, a special report
into the deaths of more than 150

civilians in a military campaign.

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The first shot fired by gunman
Man Monis from inside the Lindt cafe wasn't enough to cause police
to storm the building,

an inquest has heard. The police officer in charge
of the final hours of the siege, who admits he was without some
crucial information, says he was told Monis had shot
above the heads of the hostages,

not at them. The first shot gunman
Man Haron Monis fires inside the Lindt Cafe
at 2:03am, more than 16 hours

into the deadly siege. Assistant Commissioner Mark Jenkins
had received information from the frontline the shot
was fired high and not aimed at hostages, a group of them
escaped, rejecting a view put to him at today's inquest Monis had
fired at them and missed. Ten minutes later Monis executed
cafe manager Tori Johnson

at point blank range. Mr Jenkins telling the inquest
he was "surprised" Monis had fired the first shot, believing
the stronghold had been calm up

to that point. Five minutes beforehand
he'd been optimistic

negotiations would progress. He'd been working to meet Monis's
demands of turning the lights off in Martin Place in exchange for
releasing all the female hostages.

The inquest hearing the police
policy was to "contain and negotiate" - storming the cafe
was considered a last resort, triggered only by a death
or serious injury or the imminence

of either threat. Mr Jenkins saying it wasn't
ultimately his decision to trigger any emergency action,
it was the Forward Command Post's, and he was dealing with
large strategic issues.

And he acknowledged he was also
without some crucial information including a police log
and he didn't know Monis fired a second shot in the cafe
until a month and a half ago. Information that did have to be
assessed included Monis saying he'd planted bombs around the city,
later found to untrue, and that Mr Jenkins had been
advised Monis was a threat

but "unlikely to kill". Police stormed the cafe 59 seconds
after Mr Johnson was killed. Barrister Katrina Dawson
died in the crossfire.

Four police officers charged
with lying under oath about the shooting have
appeared before court.

Adam Salter was shot in the kitchen of his father's home, before stabbing himself. Four NSW police officers charged
with allegedly lying under oath about the shooting of mentally
ill man, Adam Salter. Exactly what happened
in his Lakemba home in 2009

was today called into question.

In 2012, officers Sherree Anne
Bissett, Aaron Abela, Emily Metcalfe and Leah Wilson told
a Police Integrity Commission that Mr Abela tried to restrain
Mr Salter, who had already injured

himself, before he was shot. The Crown says that never happened. In her opening statement,
Crown Prosecutor Nanette Williams

said:

She said all the officers knowingly
gave false evidence before the police integrity commission
about what took place before Mr Salter was shot
by Officer Bissett. In the room at the time
of the shooting was Adam's father. When Adam tried to self-harm,
Adrian Salter said:

In his cross examination,
Defence Counsel Ray Hood asked about Mr Salter's
account of that day.

For much of the afternoon,
Defence Counsel Ray Hood questioned Mr Salter's recollection of exactly
who did what in the kitchen moments

before Adam's shooting. Mr Hood raised three conflicting
statements about who asked him to leave the kitchen and how many
officers were there at the time. Mr Salter admitted he was incorrect
when he said there two police officers in the kitchen in one
of his previous accounts.

His testimony continues.

The police officers have pleaded not guilty. A second Victorian police officer
who was caught on camera kicking

a woman in custody. has defended her actions before
an anti-corruption inquiry. Leading Senior Constable Nicole
Munro conceded she kicked the 51-year-old woman,
who was later discovered to be a fellow police officer,
but said it was not malicious. The woman was stripped
of her clothes and beaten, while being detained for public
drunkenness in Ballarat. At least one person was killed
and several injured when a petrol tanker rolled on Melbourne's Calder
Freeway this morning. Police say the driver of the tanker
lost control when a car pulled

in front of it. One car was crushed under
the tanker, while 9 other vehicles

were involved in the accident. A retrial in the Bowraville triple
murder case has received crucial backing from the New
South Wales Government. After receiving a brief
of evidence from police, State Attorney General Gabrielle
Upton will apply to the Court of Criminal Appeal to
hear the case again. Three Aboriginal children
disappeared on the state's Mid North Coast within five months
during 1990 and 1991.

The families have always said they wanted this, this day in court, at least, the court of criminal appeal and that's their first step for justice. But it a step and the courthouse to step and the courthouse to consider it. There have been emotional scenes
outside Victoria's Parliament following an unprecedented
apology to the state's gay

and lesbian community. Premier Daniel Andrews' formal
bi-partisan apology over laws making homosexuality
a crime was a world first. 84-year-old Noel Tovey embraced
the chilly Melbourne morning with the enthusiasm
of a far younger man. Today would see the culmination
of a 6-decade fight. I never thought I'd live to see
the day I'd see it happen in Australia particularly
in Victoria. And in the Parliament,
Premier Daniel Andrews delivered

first with an acknowledgement... We jailed them, we harmed them and in turn they harmed themselves. Then an apology. For the laws we passed
and the lives we ruined and the standards we set,
we are so sorry humbly deeply

sorry. Hear, hear. Dozens of those affected
by the laws that made homosexuality a crime punishable by jail
gathered outside Parliament, the significance and impact of
the Premier's words were obvious. Today for me is a public
acknowledgement that I did nothing wrong and to have that formal
acknowledgment is a big step

in being able to put
this behind me. The apology today will start
to right these wrongs but it also affirms our dignity
as human beings. Victoria decriminalised
homosexuality in 1981 and convictions were able
to be expunged from 2014. Noel Tovey was convicted
and imprisoned for homosexuality in 1951 and upon his release
embarked on a highly successful

international stage career. He says his biggest battle though
was to "clear" his name

and countless others. Finally the government of Victoria
is seeing us as real human beings

and that's really important.

An exclusive poll by SBS has
shed some fresh light

on the marriage debate. The results suggest more than 60%
of Australians support

same-sex marriage. But the number differs
among migrants. Soul mate, a concept
Genevieve Ashleigh Perez both works

and believes in. The second generation Australian
has a strong hold to her Filipino

and Chilean roots. Two sets of families, conflicted,
when her uncle recently told them

he was gay. My mum took it very well,
but my dad's side the Chilean side which my uncle is from,
they were kind of very

like "what the heck is this?" But the families are now united in their support and Genevieve says
she's now a strong believer

in same-sex marriage. Obviously after him coming out,
like I do think about it more. I wish we could make gay
marriage legal here. That's a view shared by most
Australians surveyed in an exclusive poll
commissioned by SBS. Of the more than 1000 respondents,
61% agreed that people of the same

sex should be allowed to marry. It's very much in line
with the sentiment that we're hearing from the community,
which is there's overwhelming

support for this reform. A majority of Australians
would like to see this sooner

rather than later. But those born overseas were less
supportive of change. 54% of respondents backed same-sex
marriage - seven points lower

than the general population. Second generation migrants,
though, proved to be the most

willing to change the law. 66% of those surveyed believe same
sex couples should be

allowed to marry. The thing that determines people's
opinions is their religion

and their culture. Many major religious groups
are opposed to same sex marriage, arguing marriage is
between a man and a woman. If 40% of Australians are not
supporting same sex marriage, then that's a large
chunk of Australians. While the issue of same sex
marriage is a hot and extremely divisive topic, it is not high
on the agenda for the majority of

Australians. Only 37% strongly agreed
that same-sex marriage

was important to them. It doesn't affect me by any means,
so why should I care about it? It is really important things
especially in 21st century,

so we need to respect their rights. New figures, and greater insight,
on an issue clearly

splitting the electorate.

Austrian voters have rejected
a far-right presidential candidate,

but only just. After an election that had
been too close to call, an absentee vote count thrust
independent Alexander Van der Bellen past anti-immigration
Freedom Party rival Norbert Hofer,

defeating him by just 31,000 votes. The president-elect vowed
to address the divisions among Austrians and to listen
to the people's "fear and anger." US prosecutors have suffered
another set back in their efforts to hold Baltimore police
accountable for the arrest

and death of Freddie Gray. The officer who first detained
the 25-year-old has been acquitted

The 30-year-old police officer entered court facing up to 10 years in prison for assault. Tonight, he's the first officer cleared, cleared up 4 charges. Edward Nero was on bicycle patrol the morning that Freddie Gray was arrested, that is him, holding Gray as he is handcuffed before being put in a police vanment during 1 stop, Gray's legs were shackled and he was placed on the floor of the van. At some point, his spine was severed. A week later, Freddie Gray died. It was a different scene today, Baltimore largely quiet, with additional police officers brought in ce officers brought in from surrounding communities.That verdict is not right. He should have gotten something. Somebody got to be responsible for that murder.The prosecution tried to prove as an assisting officer, Nero didn't have probably cause ro didn't have probably cause to arrest Gray.If he was found guilty of these crimes, officers across the country would have felt they could not arrest people. That they could not do their jobs.This is the second setback for the prosecution which charged six officers. The first case ended in a mistrial with a hung jury. The family lawyer doesn't believe today's acquittal will affect the other cases.They are taking er cases.They are taking it with grace. And they understand how the process works. They understand that there's a level of unpredictability in criminal cases.

Kurdish Kits in Turkey have accused the west of turning a blind eye to Turkish violations.a blind eye to Turkish violations. The United Nations wants The United Nations wants to investigate evidence of civilian deaths at the hands of Turkish security forces fighting Kurdishecurity forces fighting Kurdish militants. Up to 160 civilians were killed in in town of Cizre this year, during a military campaign targeting the PKK. A warning, this story contains some confrontingis story contains some confronting elements. In a beautiful place,
these are dark times. War has come back to the mountains
of south-eastern Turkey. The long fight between Turkey
and the PKK, the armed Kurdish

group, is on again. For 78 days from December to March,
the focus was an overwhelmingly

Kurdish town. When the Turks lifted the curfew
and pulled back local people went into three basements,
looking for traces of at least 100 men, women and children
who had sheltered there. Only a few charred bone
fragments were left, local people believe Turkish
security forces massacred them.

On the 30 January Kurdish MPs
were on the phone promising

ambulances and evacuation. When Turkish forces stormed
into one of the basements.

Before the troops left
they bulldozed flat the ruins of the areas wrecked
in the fighting, they had

been PKK strongholds. No crime scene investigators
were able to get to the basements before they were
filled with rubble. The army took bodies
away, Human Rights Watch

suspects a cover-up. This man took me to the site
of the basements, his father

was killed there. He says Turkey's European allies
are letting them get

away with murder. Turning a blind eye to get
Turkish help with the wider

Middle Eastern crisis. Europe blatantly watched
all those atrocities

because of the refugees. I'm not bothered about Europe any
more, what they did or didn't do, the whole world is responsible
for what happened here. The UN wants to send human rights
investigators to this wasteland.

In Ankara, the capital,
the government denies any

massacre of Kurds. Violence has spread here, too. In March a suicide bomber
from a PKK splinter

group killed 37. The government blames the PKK
for civilian deaths.

They held them as human shields. They did not allow people
to leave their homes. While we were there not one person
complained to me about being

held as a human shield. These are concerning reports. You can't dismiss them. Well, Turkey would not
kill its own citizens.

Turkey has never done this before. It would never do it now. Many Kurds would disagree. Turkey's military operations
have moved on.

You From Cizre, to other Kurdish towns. This is near the borders
of Syria and Iraq. The Turks say they are going
to finish the PKK once and for all. World leaders have called
for a coordinated response to reduce the number of displaced
people by half within 15 years. It comes as thousands more migrants
are plucked from the Mediterranean

Sea. A densely packed rubber
dinghy floats precariously

on the Mediterranean Sea. Every space on the
vessel is occupied. Life jackets are distributed
by the Italian coast guard. These are just some of the 2600
migrants rescued at sea

in the space of just 24 hours. The migrants are very dependent
on the weather conditions, the sea state especially,
and this week we are expecting very

good weather. With the Balkan route
into Europe largely closed, migrants are increasingly
using the sea crossing

between Libya and Italy. The United Nations first world
humanitarian summit, calling for a commitment to halve
the number of displaced

people by 2030. 130 million need aid to survive. More people have been forced
from their homes than at any time since the end of
the Second World War. A first step - increasing emergency
response funds by $1.4 billion.

Kenya's Deputy President using
the summit to defend his country's decision to close the world's
largest refugee camp, calling it a breeding ground
for militants from Somalia. There is a lot of radicalisation
by extremist elements

in the refugee camps. He claims the attacks
at Kenya's Garissa University and Nairobi's Westgate
shopping mall were planned

at the Dadaab refugee camp. The facility is home
to about 330,000 refugees.

Brazil's interim government
is facing a new political crisis. A leaked recording from March
allegedly shows the country's Planning Minister plotting
the impeachment of suspended President, Dilma Rousseff,
in order to derail a massive

corruption probe. The Minister has now stepped aside. Planning Minister Romero Juca,
a confidante of acting

President Michel Temer. He took over when Dilma Rousseff
was suspended a fortnight ago to face an impeachment trial
for alleged accounting tricks. She and her supporters
spoke bitterly of a coup.

And today, stunning revelations
in a major newspaper that seem to back claims of months
of back-room manoeuvring. Transcripts of a secretly recorded
conversation in March, involving then Senator Romero Juca
and a former oil executive,

Sergio Machado. Juca is heard urging a "national
pact" to stop a police probe into kickbacks involving oil giant
Petrobras and many political

figures, excluding Dilma Rousseff.

Juca's first response was denial.

Alarmingly, the conversation
suggests the Supreme Court and military supported moves
to displace President Rousseff.

Later, as anger mounted
across the capital, the pressure

was too much.

For acting President Temer,
the new controversy is ill-timed. His government already faces daily
protests over austerity and privatisations, reforms
aimed at dragging Brazil

out of recession. The Australian dollar took a hit
today, as the Reserve Bank Governor defended the bank's inflation
target, and issued a warning

to property investors. It's one of Glenn Stevens' last
public comments as the head of the Central Bank,
as Ricardo Goncalves explains.

This is what happened to the Australian dollar when Mr Stevens spoke at the trans-Tasman business circle today, falling below 72 US cents. He touched on inflation, interest rates and property. Glenn Stevens's first public remark since the RBA's decision to cut interest rates last month, after the inflation fell below their target band.Some commentary as to whether we need a different target or another system. arget or another system. I don't agree with that. It saw our currency slide, down 7% since the beginning of the month. At the moment, it's doing what you expect it to do, given the circumstances we o do, given the circumstances we face.They addressed speculation of an oversupply in housing, construction seems to be meeting population growth. Whether they are the right dwellings in right places, it's another question. aces, it's another question. Macquarie tightened their lending practices. While Westpac has relaxed their approach. Borrowers only need a 10% deposit to obtain an investment lone.Reduction has hurt Westpac's bottom line. It's well below the current speed limit set by APRA. And the speed limit gives it room to increase that lending again. Mr Stevens has this warning. The assumption that there is an easy road to riches through leveraged holdings of real estate, how it may have succeeded ate, how it may have succeeded for some in the past, it's me in the past, it's not a grade strategy. That is because prices can fall.We have seen them fall 2 or 3 times. That job ends in September when Prince Philip Lowe takes over. My main advice was to grow a thick sin. Skin.

Fortescue declined. Telstra had a bad day. And that is the day in finance.

Coming up next: Growing up Greek! The bitter-sweet memories
of journalist Helen Kapalos.

He said he can see quite well.
What did he say?

the Fred Hollows Foundation today
VOICE-OVER: Donate to

Helen Kapalos still remembers
being spat on, as she grew up in one of the few Greek migrant
families in Newcastle. As part of our Identity Matters
Series, we're looking back on people's upbringings,
to see how it has affected

who they are today. This evening it's former
broadcaster and chair of the Victorian Multicultural
Commission, Helen Kapalos.

She's a recognisable face of diversity that glaifed Australia's TV screens. Thanks for Joaning me. Her name, less foreign now than it was early on in her journalism career.I wanted to have a visible presence as o have a visible presence as a Greek Australian. I want it reflected in my name. That was interesting, being in the media, because it wasn't completely accepted at first. This is nightline with This is nightline with Helen Kapalos.When I first started out, I remember one of my early news editors asked me if I could angrily sigh my name. He suggested Helen sigh my name. He suggested Helen Smith.I had a strong attachment to my cultural identity growing o my cultural identity growing up. I really, really identified as Greek Australian and dad used to call us Greek kangaroos.Her parents migrated in r parents migrated in the early 60s. But Helen herself wouldn't see is Greece until she was 18.It reconciles a part of our identity. It gave us a stronger sense of who we were and our place in the world. For me, really, it was a profound experience to meet my relatives, to see these warm engaging souls and this incredible love for us children that they had never grown up with. But they felt connected to. And so, that changes you forever.Not long after that first trip, Helen and her siblings discovered a family secret. She quizzed her parents about why she never saw any wedding photos.My mother wasn't aware he was married. They had e he was married. They had area affair, controversial at the time, I guess. And she fell pregnant to my sister and dad went back to Greece with his first wife. I grew up thinking we had a fairly traditional family. To realise that was kind of unravelled after mum passed away was a very confronting experience.Being raised in Newcastle as one of a few Greek migrant families wasn't without its challenges.I remember them spitting on us, tells you to go back home. So that was a really acute sense of feeling different. Helen travels to Greece every year, and the nation's hardships haven't gone unnoticed. rdships haven't gone unnoticed.The most heartbreaking thing for me, I guess, to witness, you know, the broken spirit of the Greek people, and even within my own family, a heartbreaking thing to see.Helen is now in chair of the multicultural commission of Victoria and has just completed a documentary on medicinal marijuana. Like a lot of people with a migrant background, a strong sense of empathy has infused everything that I've done. everything that I've done. Tomorrow in Identity Matters:
The Health Minister's heritage,

a mix of travel and excitement. Her father was a British spy. It was certainly far
from your average family life.

There's been a huge boost
for the Matildas, with coach Alen Stajcic signing
a new four-year contract. The new deal will see
him remain at the helm of Australia's National Women's
Football Team until 2020. Stajcic today named a full strength
squad for next month's friendlies

against New Zealand. They will be the Matildas' final
two matches before August's Rio

Olympics. Stajcic is confident his side can
become the Number One team

in the world.

We are nearly there, but we still haven't achieved our goals and the higher we climb up the mountain, the harder it is to climb into the top 3. We think we are gold medal contenders for the Olympics. But the next time the next mieks comes around, we next mieks comes around, we want to be the favourites. The first match against the Kiwis
is in Ballarat next Saturday. The Socceroos will train
for the first time in Sunderland tonight ahead of Saturday morning's
friendly against England. The game is part of the home side's
on-going preparations for next

month's European Championship. The Socceroos pulled off a huge
upset at Upton Park the last time

the two teams met in 2003. And goalkeeper Matt Ryan says he's
confident of pulling off

a similar result. Famous victory for us and yeah
looking forward to getting out there and hopefully repeating
the same feat from that

match those years ago. Ryan won't have to face
Leicester City striker,

Jamie Vardy. The 29-year-old is getting married
two days before the match. Sydney FC coach Graham Arnold
remains confident his side can qualify for a first
ever Asian Champions

League quarter-final berth. The Sky Blues host Shandong
Luneng tomorrow night. After securing a 1-1 draw
in the first leg last week, a victory will be
enough to advance. Arnold's side says they plan
to be on the front foot

against the Chinese outfit. If we can work on our final
ball a bit tomorrow, hopefully we can score early
and put the game to bed. Meanwhile, Melbourne Victory can
book a spot in the last 8 tonight. They face Jeonbuk Motors
in South Korea. A 1-1 draw would mean
extra time or penalties.

Mourinho will meet Manchester United officials tonight for talks to succeed Louis Van Gaal as manager. The Dutchman was sacked after 2 years in charge, just days after he e, just days after he led the Red Devils to victory in Devils to victory in the FA Cup final. How are, United's failure to qualify for in the season's Champions League proved Van Gaal's downfall. Gillon McLachlan says the AFL
is committed to growing the game in indigenous communities
across Australia. The AFL's Chief Executive
was in Sydney today to help launch this weekend's Sir Doug
Nicholls Indigenous Round. All 18 teams will wear
special themed guernseys. McLachlan says the AFL
will continue to embrace and celebrate indigenous
players and their culture.

I think that we'll have challenges, we had them in the last 20 years. We don't shy away from that. The reality is we are committed to the advancement of ommitted to the advancement of Indigenous players in our genous players in our game. Meanwhile the boss of the AFL says
he doesn't like the idea

of a send-off rule. There have been calls
for it to be introduced. It follows an ugly incident
involving Port Adelaide's Tom Jonas

and West Coast's Andrew Gaff.

Jonas was tonight suspended for six maxes. -- matches. New South Wales has gone into camp
in Coffs Harbour ahead of next Wednesday's State of Origin opener
against Queensland in Sydney. The squad posed for their team
photo today with two players to be cut from the 19-man
squad later in the week. Coach Laurie Daley says the Blues
will take a simple plan

into game one. Game 1 is predominantly a very dour sort of affair. It's a bit like a boxer coming out and in round 1 or 2, just sussing out the opponent.

Queensland name their team tonight. NSW spinner Steven O'Keefe has
earned a recall to the test arena for July's three-match
tour of Sri Lanka. The 15-man squad includes
Moises Henriques, who's back in the side after
a three year absence. O'Keefe, who played just his second
test in January, says he's mindful

of the pressure to perform. There's always going to be
speculation before games

about who should be in or out. So it will be up to the guys
on that tour to impress and there's

a big responsibility going to the sub
continent and doing well. O'Keefe will provide the option
of a second spinner to back up

regular Nathan Lyon. Defending men's French Open
Champion Stan Wawrinka has survived a scare on another rain
affected day at Roland Garros. He was pushed to a five-set
tussle by Lukas Rosol. Andy Murray is in trouble
against Czech veteran,

Radek Stepanek. He trailed two sets to one
when poor light stopped play. While Australian Wildcard Jordan
Thompson progressed after beating

Laslo Djere in straight sets. In the women's draw,
second seed Agnieszka Radwanska accounted for Serbia's
Bojana Jovanovski in two. Sam Stosur is one set up
in her first round match

with Japan's Misaki Doi. Play resumes later tonight. Esteban Chaves who represents
the Australian Orica-GreenEDGE team will attempt to bridge the gap
to race leader Steven Kruisjwuijk when the Giro d'Italia
resumes tonight. With three big mountain
stages still to come, Stage 16 features a shorter 132
kilometre journey to Andolo. Riders can expect a number of long
climbs and descents. Live coverage on SBS gets underway
from just after 11pm in the east. There's also streaming
on the Cycling Central website. And of course daily
highlights from 5pm.

That's the day in sport. Coming up: The weather, and... The colourful opening
ceremony to the Olympics

of the Pacific Arts.

so I quit smoking. and family is my story. call the Quitline or visit Quitnow.

something from them.
Maybe one day we could learn

the good in them.
Pedigree brings out

Some breaking news
on the EgyptAir crash. Egyptian forensic experts have told
Associated Press human remains retrieved from the site indicated
there had been an explosion

on board the plane. A funnel cloud has been spotted
in the US state of Oklahoma after severe weather and possible
tornadoes were forecast

for Midwestern states. Meanwhile, areas of Kansas
are dealing with flooding

following heavy rains.

To the forecast now, and a cold front is crossing the south-west of Western Australia, and extends southward. In the major centres:

The 12th Festival of Pacific Arts
has begun with a special canoe welcome ceremony during
the early morning in Guam. Seafarers from across the Pacfic
sailed into the Hagatna Boat Basin

in 15 canoes. An official opening ceremony
was held later in the day with 25 island nations performing
in front of a packed house. The two week festival is held every
four years and is seen as the Olympics
of the Pacific arts. This year, more than 2,500
performers are sharing their cultural and
traditional practices.

That's the world this Tuesday. We'll have news updates throughout
the evening and another bulletin

at 10 on SBS. And you can get all tonight's
stories on line, and news around the clock, at our website
and follow us on Twitter.

Good night. Captions by Ericsson
Access Services.

(c) SBS Australia 2016

I'm embarking
on a new railway adventure

that will take me
across the heart of Europe.

I'll be using this, my Bradshaw's
Continental Railway Guide

dated 1913

which opened up an exotic world
of foreign travel

for the British tourist.

It told travellers where to go,
what to see

and how to navigate
the thousands of miles of tracks

criss-crossing the continent.

Now, a century later,

I'm using my copy to reveal an era
of great optimism and energy

when technology, industry, science
and the arts were flourishing.

I want to rediscover that lost Europe
that in 1913

couldn't know that its way of life

would shortly be swept aside
by the advent of war.

This new journey occurs in one of my
favourite countries, Italy,

'la bella Italia'.

I'll be crossing its northern plain

and with my Bradshaw's

hoping to find out how things stood
on the eve of the First World War

in this region of factories, Fiats,
fashion and infatuation.

My Italian travels begin
in the Piedmont region

where I'll visit the city of Turin,

from where I'll travel into Lombardy

to another major northern city,
Milan.

Away from the urban sprawls,

Como and its famous lake
will be my third stop,

before I visit
the romantic city of Verona.

The journey will end in the east
on the islands of Venice

I explore some of the great passions
of Italy,

from Milan's material magic...

Being measured for a suit in Italy is
like being measured for a body cast.

(Man counts in Italian)
Mm mm...

..To the extraordinary diversity
of Italian cookery.

That looks a bit like ravioli.

Agnolotti.
Sorry.

Agnolotti dal Plin.
Yeah, it's different.

I find out
how the Edwardian traveller

discovered a love of the high life.

A traveller with my Bradshaw's guide
in 1913

could have gone up in a plane
and seen this wonderful view.

Absolutely.

And on the Grand Canal,
I hear about the amorous conquests

of Venice's most famous son.

Casanova loved women.
He only had 130 lovers.

It's extremely moderate.
Absolutely.

Viva Italia!