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This program is live captioned by Ericsson Access Services. Today up to 10 cars involved in a major crash with a petrol tanker on a Melbourne freeway.

The PM Malcolm Turnbull sharpens his attack amid questions on his own pledge costings. More than 140 people killed in coordinated blasts in government-held towns on Syria's Mediterranean coast. Good afternoon, you're watching ABC News. I'm Ros Childs. Also ahead on the program. Spring is in the air in London as the royal family plays a visit to Chelsea's world famous flower show. And Melbourne Cup-winning jockey Michelle Payne undergoing tests following a race fall in Mildura.

Emergency crews are working at the scene of a major multivehicle crash on the Calder Freeway in Melbourne's north-west. At least 6 people have been injured, reporter Helen Brown is at the scene. Helen, this is a horrific crash. Tell us what happened.Terrible scene behind me, Ros. At around 8:40, 8:30, 8:40 this morning, peak traffic time in Melbourne, of course, petrol tanker rolled to one side while travelling along a major freeway, crashing into several cars and crushing one. One of those - a couple of cars just sitting behind the tanker on the freeway at the moment are very, very badly damaged and then there's a row of cars damaged
behind that and they've all been damaged as well. 6 people have been taken to hospital with injuries such as neck injuries, leg injuries, problems with their shoulder but the ambulance people say that they are in a stable condition. There was talk of a fatality but we have not had that confirmed yet. Emergency crews descended on this area pretty quickly to such a shocking scene and worked very hard and fast to try and get to the car that was under the truck and also, of course, to put fire retardant on that petrol tanker which was causing a lot of concerns about what might happen with that. We did manage to speak to someone who saw some of what happened soon after the crash occurred. Trent Theodore lives nearby and here's a little of what he said.The lady in the park with me said she saw the whole thing actually happen just after said
8:00, or whenever it was. And she said that she thought the car - the tanker was trying to avoid a collision but went into the emergency lane and it's gone up into the embankment and then rolled and crushed that truck. From the park where I was you can actually see there's about 16 to 20 cars involved in that accident and probably about 6 or 7 that are that
involved into the actual impact of that truck.Helen, what's the latest on injuries and the people involved in this?Well, so far, as I said, we've been told that 6 people have been taken to hospitals, various different hospitals around the area. Their conditions are stable. That included one teenager who was taken in for observation or as a precaution only. As you can see, as I said, it's a major freeway, it's been blocked off in most directions. It's not far from another major freeway. These are two of the main arterial roads in and out of Melbourne and they're going to be, it looks like, shut down for most of the day around this area as emergency crews continue to contain the scene and set up an investigation to try and work out what happened here earlier this morning.Thanks, Helen. The Coalition is sharpening its attack on Labor's election costings, claiming it has a $67 billion black hole. Labor rejects that figure and says it makes no apologies for pledging to properly fund schools and hospitals. From Canberra, Jane Norman reports. Great sharms of light set the PM's journey into deep black holes.Our opponents, on the other hands, have a $67 billion black hole of unfunded commitments. He's in the marginal Victorian seat of Corangamite announcing $60 million to fix mobile phone black spots.All part of the Turnbull national
Government's commitment to a national economic plan.And honing his attack on Labor's economic credentials. In the past week the Opposition's made $3.5 billion worth of health commitments and promised to restore more than $200 million in foreign aid cuts.Every policy of ours is going to drive economic growth. Labor has nothing to say on that except spend, spend, spend.The fantasy that the Government is putting about today just underlines the fact they have no policy position of their own. Labor insists all of its policies have been costed and are fully funded. But the Coalition's exploiting an apparent throwaway line from Bill Shorten to damage them.You can put that on the spend-o-meter, that's another million.Another turn on the Bill.Labor
spend-of-meter by billion dollar Bill.Labor is trying to turn attention to the Government's plans.We are not take any pious lectures from a government which has at the centrepiece of its budget a tax cut which it wouldn't tell the Australian people how much it would cost and is completely and totally unfunded.That's a claim the Government rejects. This is the central argument of this campaign. Labor wants voters to focus on values and priorities while the Government's message is all about jobs, growth and fiscal other
responsibility. Both pitch the other as risk but what really matters is who wins the hearts and minds of voters on 2 July. Northern Territory Labor Senator Nova Peris has announced she won't contest her seat in the upcoming federal Peris
election. There is speculation Ms role
Peris will take on an indigenous role at the AFL. Bill Shorten says he's grateful for the time she's given to the Labor Party.Let me just here right now record my appreciation for her service to this country. She is a trail blazer. She's a trail blazer on the athletics track and she's been a trail blazener the Senate. She's a distinguished Territorian, she's a distinguished indigenous Australian. I'm very grateful for the time that she has served the Northern
Labor Party and the people of the Northern Territory. She departs with my absolute best wishes. Reporter Eliza Borrello is travelling with Malcolm Turnbull. Eliza, you're on the bus, where have you been today?We are on the bus indeed, Ros. As you heard in Jane's package, we went to the Anglesea Surf Life Saving club in Corangamite where the PM promised $60 million to help with mobile coverage. We went to an advanced manufacturing facility in the seat of Corangamite which is suffering from the planned closure of the car industry and a number of the been
workers there, we understand, had been retrenched from Ford. The PM's also promising $5 million for a hospice in this region, a 20-bed facility.And while the PM wanted to keep the focus on Labor's promises, when will he release his own costings?Well, Ros, as you've Turnbull's
seen two days in a row, Malcolm Turnbull's been promising money for marginal seats. They say election campaigns are marginal seat tours and this one is no different. That all does cost money and as you say, Malcolm Turnbull's trying to keep the focus on how much Bill Shorten today
is spending but we did ask him today when he will release his election costings. He said well all of the numbers were in the budget, we had the preelection fiscal update but we do understand towards the end of the campaign the Coalition will put out a document telling us exactly how much they have spent during this campaign. This PM this morning didn't say exactly when.And on another issue, Labor's Anthony Albanese has suggested sending refugees to Canada. What's the PM had to say about that?Well in the past we've seen Labor say that they would send refugees to Malaysia, the Coalition thwarted that plan. In the end, at the end of the last election campaign, Kevin Rudd managed to strike deals with the governments in PNG and in Nauru. This morning Albanese
or overnight, actually, Anthony somewhere
Albanese said Canada might be somewhere else Australia should look at sending refugees to. The PM wasn't exactly promising to match that but he did very much relish the opportunity to talk about it because it is something the Coalition believes it's got the runs on the board for in this election campaign.I've spoken to Justin Trudeau but not on that subject but I can say to you we are - my party, my Coalition, my Government, is united on this issue. Can I tell you the issue of border protection is a critically important one. We do have the most successful multicultural society in the world and ate - it's a great credit to every one of the 24 million Australians that we do.So that was the PM, Malcolm Turnbull, speaking at Anglesea on the Great Ocean Road this morning. Eliza, you better face forward so you don't feel too bus sick. Thanks very much for that. The Victorian Government is formally apologising for laws that made homosexuality a crime up until 1981. The State's opposition has offered bipartisan support to the move. Stephanie Anderson reports. The rainbow flag is flying time
at State Parliament for the first time today in what's an historic day for LGBTI rights. Today the Government will apologise for old homosexuality.
laws which criminalised homosexuality. They weren't repealed until 1981 and before then a conviction for homosexual offences could carry sentencing to up to 15 years jail. There were other repercussions too. Those men would have earned a criminal record which may have prevented them from getting jobs, travelling internationally and having the stigma and shame that such a record would carry. Daniel Andrews says that this apology is important to recognise past wrongs and a dark time in Victoria's history. That's a sentiment which has been echoed by the State Opposition which is also supporting the apology. As well as the symbolic gesture, there's a practical element to this as well. The Parliament has made it easier for those men who were convicted of homosexuality offences to apply to have their criminal records expunged. So far, though, we're told that only 2 applications have been made. The Government hopes that the apology today will encourage more men to come forward. It's also a message about righting past wrongs but also sending a positive message to LGBTI people in Victoria today and showing they are accepted and safe.Police misconduct in Victoria is being investigated by the State's independent corruption watchdog. The commissioner's hearing evidence on multiple allegations of police brutality in Ballarat. Here's reporter Jessica Longbottom. Who he's been on the stand there this morning?We've been hearing from leading Senior Constable Nicole Munro. She was present at an incident last January when a 51-year-old woman was arrested for being drunk and disorderly. She was taken back to the Ballarat cells where she was causing a few behavioural problems for police. She snatched one of the officer's lanyards and after that the officers have pepper sprayed her at quite close quarters, 4 of them have restrained her, handcuffed her and placed her on her stomach and stripped her of her pants and underpants while she was on the ground. And it appears, with CCTV that shows two officers have kicked her and one of those officers was Officer Munro who we have been hearing from this morning. She says she can't remember anything about this incident. She said she's been having great difficulties since she was summonsed to appear before IBAC. She says, though, that in previous examples she had used her feet to help calm people in custody. When it was put to her this was no more than gratuitous violence, she said that that wasn't the case.And how many allegations is the Commission IBAC looking at and over what sort of time period? This is just one of 4 allegations that will be looked at throughout the week. They date back to 2009 and one of the other incidents that seems quite serious is an allegation that a male officer at Ballarat put a woman in a chokehold who came to the Ballarat police counter. So they're quite serious allegations. IBAC says that it's investigating Ballarat because it has quite a high number of complaints made against it when you compare it to other police stations across the State. So that's why they say they're taking this action and making these hearings very public.Overall, Jessica, what's been the police force's response to these hearings?Ros, they have been very silent. They say they won't be making any comment throughout these hearings. I contacted them this morning even just to find out what the status of these officers who are appearing on the stand, if they are still serving or suspended, and they wouldn't even answer that. So hear
keeping quiet, I would say we would hear from them next week when it's all over.Jessica, thank you. And the trial of 4 NSW Police police They're accused
officers has begun in Sydney. They're accused of lying about a fatal shooting of a mentally ill man. Adam Salter died from a police gunshot in the kitchen of his family's home in 2009. Here's reporter Karl Hoerr. What's happened there this morning? Prosecutors have been laying out their case against these 4 police officers who attended the home of Adam Salter who had stabbed himself a number of times in the chest. Now he was on the kitchen floor being treated by ambulance officers when he suddenly got up and made his way to the kitchen sink where his father had placed the knife that Adam Salter had previously been using to stab himself and the court heard that at that point Adam Salter started stabbing himself again, this time in the neck, and that one of these officers, Cherie Bissett, fired a single gunshot which proved fatal. Now, all 4 police officers are accused of knowingly giving false evidence to the Police Integrity Commission when they claimed that one of them, Officer Aaren Abella was attempting to physically restrain Mr Salter just before the shooting.Is the family of Adam Salter there?Adrian Salter, who had raised the alarm about his son, has been giving evidence in court. He has spoken a little about a previous hospital admission for his son and his concerns that he required further treatment for his mental illness and he says that when he heard the bang and he had heard just before that somebody shout "Taser, Taser" Tasered
so he thought his son had been Tasered which he thought was a good thing because he thought that would any
prevent him from harming himself any further.Karl, thank you. Islamic State militants have killed over 180 people in a series of deadly attacks on civilians across the Middle East. Bus stations and hospitals were targeted in coordinated blasts in regime held towns on the Syrian coast and in southern Yemen. And a warning, this report contains images that some viewers may find disturbing. A major security breach in what is the Syrian Government stronghold. Latakia province has been hit by multiple explosions. According to the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, there were 4 explosions in the coastal city of Jabla. They say suicide bombers targeted a bus station and the entrance of a sound
hospital.TRANSLATION: We heard the sound of the explosion. All the employees came down to the entrance. We started taking people to
to the emergency area. We took 10 to 15 people and then one of the terrorists entered between the injured people and blew himself up. The voice in this video says this man is a suicide bomber who has been arrested. But there is no way of verifying this. And in Tartous, Syrian State television reports 3 explosions including suicide bombers that targeted another bus Russian
station. Tartous is home to a close to
Russian naval base and Jabla is close to a Russian military base. But these explosions appear to have targeted civilians. ISIL has claimed responsibility for both attacks.This is an obvious strong demonstration by ISIS that it may be losing some territory in places but it still has significant capabilities to carry out big item, big sticker item attacks like this one.Initially Syrian State media accused Ahrar al Sham being behind the bombings. It's a group Russia wants added to a list of terrorist groups inside Syria. Something other countries have rejected. Ahrar al Sham has rejected the target
allegations saying they don't yet how
target civilians. It's not clear yet how many suicide bombers and cars packed with explosives were security
able to breach Latakia where security is tight. It's the first time in this war that simultaneous attacks have targeted 2 cities inside the Government stronghold. The UN has called for the creation of safe corridors to allow Iraqi civilians to flee a military offensive against Islamic State jihadists in Fallujah. Iraqi forces have launched an offensive to retake the city seized by Islamic State militants in January 2014. The Iraqi joint command says the military operation is going very well but they've warned civilians to leave. The UN says around 50,000 people are in grave danger from hidden explosive devices and safe corridors need to be cleared to allow them to flee. We'll have more on this later in the program when Alfred
we speak with Greg Barton from the Alfred Deakin Institute. Austria has narrowly avoided being the first country in the European Union to elect a far right head of State. In an election that came down to 2 political extremes, former Greens the
leader Alexander van der Bellon won the presidency by the tiniest of margins. It was an extraordinary campaign that delivered an extraordinary result. Far right candidate Norbert Hofer was predicted to win but tonight Austria has a Green left president elect. 72-year-old Alexander van der Bellen is the son of refugees, proimmigration and in favour of the European Union. And he's promised to listen to the Austrian people. TRANSLATION: Obviously many people in this country feel they are not seen or heard enough or both. We will need another culture of communication, politics that does not focus so much on itself. Freedom Party candidate Norbert Hofer conceded defeat on Facebook saying:

That future includes a general election in 2 years. If current polls hold, the Freedom Party could win the most sea - seats which could bring on another clash between Hofer and the new president over immigration policy. It was a narrow victory for Alexander van der Bellen and that means 50% of Austrians have just voted for a far right candidate. This reflects the new political reality in Europe. Traditional allegiances are fragmenting, nationalistic, populist parties are on the rise. The next test of the public mood when Britain
will be in the UK in a month's time when Britain votes on whether to stay in the European Union. Predicting election results in impossible.
Europe these days is virtually impossible. A police officer has been acquitted of all charges in the case of Freddie Gray whose death sparked the Black Lives Matter movement. Edward Nero was one of 6 officers charged over the death of 25-year-old black man whose neck was broken while in police custody. The incident sparked violent protests in Baltimore last April. Today a small group of protesters were gathered for
outside the court but the lawyer for the Gray family says the ruling was unfair.The judge gave detailed reasons for why he thought the evidence was insufficient and why the law did not compel a conviction in this case. And he demonstrated convincingly that he was not and would not be swayed by any element of the community's preconceived notions about what the result ought to be.The first trial in the Freddie Gray case against officer William Porter ended in a hung jury last December. Indonesia's President wants an official inquiry into mass graves holding the bodies of some of the 500,000 people killed in anti-communist massacres in 1965. But the man leading the inquiry is sceptical about the scale of the killings and has said he's not even sure if the graves exist. ABC Indonesia correspondent Adam Harvey went to central Java to find Indonesia's killing fields and happened.
speak to those who remember what happened. The Minister in charge of the investigation into the 1965 killings says he's not even sure if there are any mass graves. Well, all he needs to do is come to a place like this in the forests of Central Java and talk to the locals. They all remember what happened. They say in 1965, 25 people were marched right here where there was a ditch. They were lined up on the edge and shot in the back of the head. The locals say that there are 5 bodies right here. Here there's another 5 bodies and right here there are 15 bodies. How can we be so sure that this is the exact spot? Well, the killers dug more holes than they needed and there's one right here.

It's about 1.5 metres deep. It years
would have been a lot deeper 50 years ago but rainfall and dirt has washed into the hole. But it's still here. It's obvious and it's a physical reminder of the terror of 1965.TRANSLATION: They told me to lot
stand at the front so I remember a lot about this grave. I was told to say goodbye to my wife, my mother and a relative of mine before I go. They were all crying as they thought it was my last goodbye. I thought I would be buried here as well.There's been no serious official investigation into 1965 because the killers won and stayed in power and the military still exert huge influence in Indonesia. But if there is going to be an official inquiry, it needs to be done soon while those who remember what happened and where it happened are still alive.

Stay with us, we'll take a look at the markets next and coming up in sport, it's one of the toughest jobs in world football, just two days after lifting the FA Cup, Louis van Gaal is sacked as Manchester United manager. Finance news now, here's reporter Alicia Barry. So we spoke to Roger Montgomery about this yesterday, more worries about oversupply in city apartment markets.That's right, Ros. And Roger Montgomery concerns
was probably highlighting the concerns the Reserve Bank warned about earlier in April that a glut of inner city apartments and an influx of Chinese money into the property market has really increased the risks in the banking system and it did point to that in its semiannual health check of the financial system and a key property research agency Call Logic RP Data has raised concerns about the huge supply of apartments coming onto the market in inner city areas. So now the looming glut in apartment supply has prompted a major investment bank to limit its exposure to projects in more than 100 post codes across the country. Macquarie Bank has identified 120 suburbs it believes are at risk of over supply in the apartment sector and Macquarie's list includes post codes in Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Darwin and Perth. It's also imposed new lending limits on those high rise apartment investors. They will now have to stump up a 30% deposit before they can get a loan.What's happening with Link Energy?Creditors of Link Energy have voteded to liquidate the troubled oil and gas company. The company was hit hard by the plunging commodity prices over the last couple of years and former employees are among the creditors who are owed a total of $320 million. So the company is now debts.
selling its assets to recover those debts. At the same time, the Queensland Government has vowed to press ahead with criminal prosecution of the oil and gas firm for the alleged contamination of farmland in Queensland's south-east.And how are the markets today?We are seeing the Australian share market struggle to make headway and that's really because further falls in iron ore below the Government's budget forecast of US $55 a tonne is weighing down the resources sector. The All Ords index is offer about a fifth of a per cent.

Melbourne Cup-winning jockey in
Michelle Payne is undergoing tests in a Melbourne hospital after a race fall in Mildura yesterday. She complained of severe abdominal pain after being thrown from her horse in race 7. Reporter Gloria Kalache is at the Alfred Hospital. Melbourne Cup-winning Michelle Payne took a fall yesterday afternoon in Mildura. She'd had two races prior to that where she'd claimed victory but in her third race she fell about 300 metres down the track. Now she's fallen off her horse and it's believed that her horse, Dutch Courage, who is trained by her clipped
brother Patrick Payne, may have clipped the heel of a horse in front and that's caused her to fall from had her horse. Now she was treated on the track and then was transferred to the Mildura Hospital. Now when she fell she complained immediately of abdominal Mildura
pain. So when she was taken to the Mildura Hospital she was checked over and then they decided to then transfer her here to the Alfred Hospital in Melbourne. Now she did tweet a photograph of herself last night showing her stomach where you can actually see the bruising along would be
her stomach and she said that she would be having tests on her liver and her pancreas to determine that they were OK. Now once these tests are done today, it's expected that she will be released from hospital. Now, the Victorian Racing has said that they will be doing - conducting, rather, an inquiry into her fall and they said that they've already spoken to a number of jockeys who were there yesterday and once she's able to, they will talk to Michelle Payne and they will also assess from her what happened. But in the meantime, it seems like it will be good news and that Michelle Payne will be released from hospital later today. Now for sports news, here's Grandstand Shannon Byrne. Melbourne Storm has joined the Sharks on the top of the ladder?Round 11 concluded last night and it was Melbourne Storm who came out and
victors. They led 8-0 at halftime and in the end they defeated the Parramatta Eels 18-6. It's the 5th win in a row for the Storm as well, so a really important win heading into the Origin period as well because they will lose a number of players for Origin duties. Not so good news for the Parramatta Eels. They welcomed back captain Kieran Foran who returned from personal leave. He picked up a shoulder injury in the 20th minute and struggled for the remainder of the match. They also saw one of their big enforcers, Beau Scott, go off early in the first half with a leg injuries. . The Storm, Cameron so
Munster, picked up an elbow injury so not so good news in terms of injuries coming out for that match. For the Parramatta Eels they need to win 12 of their final 13 games That's
if they're going to make the top 8. That's a real tough one, isn't it? Certainly is.Moving to tennis, Australian wild card Jordan Thompson has stormed into the second round at the French Open. Look, a wild card, not many people know the name Jordan Thompson. First time ever into the second round of a major. So this is great news for the 22-year-old. Here he is, some highlights when he played was 94th
in the Kooyong Classic. Look, he was 94th in the world, had a straight-sets win over a Serbian opponent and he now rises to 84 in the world. His 12 months has been phenomenal. 12 months ago he was 254th in the world. He's had a fabulous last 12 months, now into the second round at Roland Garros. First time ever into a second round. So let's look for this Aussie. He's the only other Aussie at the moment through to the second round. Nick Kyrgios through as well. Two other Aussies, though, were on court when play at the French Open was suspended due to bad light. So Millman and Sam Stosur will continue their match tomorrow or overnight but yeah, excited.
Jordan Thompson, the wild card, get excited.And Manchester United they have sacked their manager?They certainly have. And this is only two days after they lifted the FA Cup as well. So it's a trophy that they did win but they did come 5th for the season and they haven't been happy with probably the performances over the last 2 years under the Dutchman and look, yes, Luis van Gaal has been told that he's not needed for his last year of the contract there at Manchester United so they have sacked him expected
today and all the rumors is expected to be replaced by former Chelsea manager Jose Mourinho. Not bad though. He got to spend £250 million in two years but the good news, though, he did have 14 academy graduates this season. So he really has got some really great talent there.Shannon, thanks. A quick look at the national weather now:

Stay with us, coming up later in the program, with a major military offensive against Islamic State in Fallujah under way, we'll assess Iraqi
the strategic importance of the Iraqi city.

Reminder now of the top stories - 6 people have been taken to hospital after a fuel tanker collided with a number of cars and rolled on the Calder Freeway in Melbourne's north-west. One car was crushed under the tanker. It's not known how many people were in that vehicle. Ambulance Victoria says the tanker driver is among the 6 injured. The Coalition is ramping up its attack on Labor over its spending promises. Finance Minister Mathias Cormann says the ALP has indicated it will wind back several but
of the Government's saving measures but has failed to explain how it will pay for its commitments. Shadow Treasurer Chris Bowen says the Government is running a scare campaign and all of Labor's promises are fully costed. More than 180 people have been killed in a series of deadly attacks claimed by the Islamic State group in northwestern Syria and Yemen. 7 explosions targeted bus stations, hospitals and other civilian sites. One attacker detonated explosives inside the emergency room of a hospital where victims of the first attack were being treated. And Melbourne Cup winning jockey Michelle Payne is undergoing medical tests after her race fall in Mildura yesterday. She was flown to the Alfred Hospital in Melbourne overnight and is expected to undergo scans on her pancreas and on her liver. Back to politics now, elections are lucrative for anyone selling space for candidates to spruik their messages. In the first two weeks alone, just over $1 million has been spent on advertising. That's only a tiny slice of what's expected to be spent throughout the entire campaign. Jeremy Fernandez takes a look at the big bucks being thrown at advertisers in the bid for votes. Two weeks into the election the
campaign and it's hard to escape the political ads. There are no official figures about how much any of the parties spend on spin, so it's up to others like ad tracking companies to make an educated estimate. One of them is U - ubiquity who collates information on who's selling what. They estimate the Liberal Party has spent Labor by nearly $200,000. That's in the 5 biggest capital cities on commercial television and in the major newspapers where most of the money goes. But how they spent the money is very different. The Liberals started blitzing the market the day before the election slow
was called. It's been more of a slow burn for Labor but the gap between them has narrowed. Perhaps the biggest contrast is how they've handled tax on each other. One-third of Labor's TV and print ads are classified as negative. That is to say they're critical of the other side rather than promoting their own credentials. Malcolm Turnbull, seriously out of touch.Meanwhile, the data suggests the Liberals have so far been entirely positive on TV and in print. But their digital ads tell a different story.

The reason why negative ads are particularly good online is negative ads drive people to find out more information, positive ads don't tend to. If you want people to find out more information and you're running the ad online where they can click on it, it's an easy website
ask to get them to go to the negative
website where you've got more negative information.And so with 39 days left in the campaign, brace yourself for a lot more.I have supported her loyally for 3 years. Therefore I shall be supporting Kevin Rudd tonight.No matter what campaigns say about them running positive campaigns, you usually by the end see 80 neg and 20% positive because swinging voters are likely to vote against something than for something.This family not a cent, under the Liberals it's tax cuts for top earners.The advertising blackout kicks in at midnight on the Wednesday before the election but the pitch on digital platforms is free game until the polls close. Based on past federal elections, Jew bickity expects all parties and lobbyists will have spent between by
20 and $25 million on advertising by the end of the campaign and it's predicted the Liberals will outspend Labor.They will spend in the vicinity of 7 to $10 million for the Liberal and 8 million for the Labor Party.That's money well spent if the money hits home. You can find out where you stand and how your views align with the parties by participating in the Vote Compass survey. Head to the website:

Fallujah has been pounded by the progovernment forces with Iraq's PM saying IS is collapsing in the face of the attack. The Government lost control of the Iraqi city in 2014. With more here's Professor Greg Barton from the Alfred Deakin Institute for Citizen sp and Globalisation. Greg is in Melbourne for us. Greg, why is the retaking of Fallujah so important?Well, it really marks a big psychological turning point. The Islamic State only controls 2 large cities, Mosul and Fallujah. Fallujah being much smaller. So taking that back would mean that all of the lower reaches of the Euphrates are back in Iraqi control. Indeed most of the lower reaches of the Tigris to Mosul are back in Iraqi control. It would move the focus forward to the focus on retaking Mosul. But, of course, doing it safely without doing too many civilian deaths is the big challenge and no-one's really kfrt about that - confident about that at this moment.Why take this action now and how long in the planning has it been?Look, in one sense it's been many, many months in the planning. Islamic State, ISIS has been there since the beginning of 2014, over 2 years now. And after the horror of losing Mosul in June 2014, slowly the Iraqi security forces rebuilt morale and rebuilt capacity and they have been taken, unfortunately, destroyed Ramadi in December last year. They now feel strong enough to take Fallujah. It's a sign of the political unrest in Iraq that PM Abadi desperately needs to have some victories and given the suicide bombing coming right into the capital Baghdad, the population of Baghdad is demanding road to
that Fallujah just 60 ks down the road to the west, and a launch site for some of those suicide bombings, it needs to be dealt with. So for the PM it would really be a big boost in his credibility and restore some sense of confidence in the Iraqi Government.The assault began yesterday, PM Abadi says it's going well. What's your assessment of how it is?Look, the challenge it's
is not so much the assault phase, it's letting those 50,000 or more civilians get safely out of Fallujah without being hurt and then making sure that they're properly treated. In the past with Ramadi, the people fleeing to of
Baghdad were often turned back and of course men were often seen as being sympathisers and possibly undercover supporters of IS. That's going to be the tricky thing. Just launching air strikes and gradually easing as they've begun to do in a sense is more straightforward than keeping people safe.No evidence of concern about civilians thus far then?No, it's really too early to tell. Obviously for operational reasons we don't expect to have much vision of what's happening and that's fair enough. But I think what will be telling is if we see large flows of civilians safely streaming out of the city and being properly dealt with, that would be a positive sign. If they're not seen then you have to fear for their safety.We've had these reports of bombings in northwestern Syria and in Yemen, IS have claimed responsibility. Is that a demonstration of strength by IS in response to what's happening in Fallujah?Yeah, it's a product, ck of course, in one sense of weakness but then they feel the need to demonstrate continued vitality. By striking out in Syria and way beyond into Yemen and of course into the African continent now, they've got a presence in Sirte, in Libya. They want to show that they've got a lot of depth, they have a lot of fall back capacity and are still potent. One thing we all fear is attacks around the world by their supporters. They're coming under pressure in Iraq and Syria and as they lose fa loodge - Fallujah and Mosul, they will be launching attacks all around the world.Greg Barton, thank you. Thank you.The US has fully lifted the arms embargo on its former enemy, Vietnam. US President Obama made the announcement while in the country which has just held controversial elections. It's an historic decision, lifting a decade's long ban. Communist Vietnam will now be able to buy lethal weapons from the US.As with all our defence partners, sales will need to still meet strict requirements including those related to human rights, but this change will ensure that Vietnam has access to the equipment it needs to defend itself and removes a lingering vestige of the Cold War. Though not said openly, the decision is seen as helping Vietnam counter China's strength in the region.It's my belief that with respect to the South China Sea, although the US doesn't support any particular claim, we are supportive of the notion that these issues should be resolved peacefully, diplomatically, in accordance with international rules and norms and not based on who is the bigger party and can throw their weight around a little bit more.President Obama's visit has received an initially muted response, as the Vietnamese have just gone to the polls for democracy day. Held every 5 years, this election has made no dent in the tight control the Communist Party has on the Parliament.TRANSLATION: My wish has always been corruption prevention. This is a difficult problem to tackle.This year, however, there were unprecedented challenges by activists who put themselves forward as candidates, rebutting the party's monopoly. Almost all were eliminated in the vetting process. Singer Mia Koi considered the country's Lady Gaga. , was a among the most famous who was eliminated and is highly critical of the process. TRANSLATION: If a candidate such as Mr Tran Dung Tran who got 100% preliminary votes for the people and still got eliminated then I think this is an unfair vetting procedure. The people do not have their voice in the process. President Obama is expected to use improve
his visit to urge the party to improve democracy.. The central Asian country of Tajikistan has amended its constitution allowing terms
its president to run for as many Commission
terms as he likes. The Electoral Commission says the referendum passed by 94.5%. And the move cements Ragmond's grip on power. There was strong turn out as residents voted to 41 changes for the constitution. The most significant allows the current president to stand as many times as he likes.TRANSLATION: I didn't read anything there. Somebody just told me to write yes and I just left.The President has led the country since 1992. His 4th term is due to end in 2020.TRANSLATION: As a sit accident of the Republic of Tajikistan I believe it's my duty to take part in this referendum and cast my vote for peace and rest
stability in Tajikistan and the rest of central Asia.He cemented his power over 2 decades and crushed dissent within the country. One of the constitutional changes includes lowering the minimum age for the president to 30. That's aimed at elevating the President's son, enabling him to stand at the 2020 election.TRANSLATION: All amendments to the constitution are imperative for our time. It is necessary for the development of the country and the legislation. Religious parties will also be banned. Last year the Government eliminated its greatest rival, the moderate Islamic Renaissance Party of Tajikistan. It says its actions are intended to protect its citizens from terrorism.During this last year the authorities have arrested hundreds of opposition members, they have outlawed the main opposition party as well as other peaceful opposition groups. The verdict was as predicted, the referendum passed by a clear majority with more than 4 million people supporting the changes. Sunday's vote is the third constitutional referendum continuing the President's reign. The battle to retake one of Islamic State's major strongholds continues today - apologies we're moving onto a story about cancer now. The different
disease has been fought on many different fronts. Scientist at the Walter and Eliza Hall Institute in Melbourne are looking at ways to use natural killer cells within our immune system to attack tumours. Dr Nicholas Huntington is leading the research. He joins us from Melbourne. What are these natural killer cells?Natural killer cells are part of our immune system, a white blood cell that's found very frequently in our blood and other organs such as the liver and the lung. And they look for cells that have been changed or transformed such as virus infected cells or cancer cells and they can see them and kill them with secreting toxic enzymes.So have they not been working to kill cancerous tumours then?Yes, so there's been a lot of interest around them for 40 years when they were discovered in the early '70s but I think we failed to really have a good therapeutic approach to target natural killer cells in cancer patients because we don't really understand how they work.So what have you been trying to do to manipulate these killer cells?So we've really identified a molecule which acts as a handbrake inside the natural killer cell that slows down their response to killing cancer. Now, by deleting this molecule, this handbrake, we've allowed natural killer cells the cancer
to remain highly active and kill the cancer much more efficiently. And what success have you had so far?So so far in the laboratory it's remarkable results. So now the real mission we have and the next phase of our project is a drug discovery where we need to identify small molecules or chemicals that can inhibit and block this handbrake to release the patient's own natural killer cells to kill cancer.Is this effective against looking
all types of cancers?So we've been looking at things like melanoma and types of blood cancers where it looks really effective. It might not be efficient against every cancer but we need to test that down the line.And you can only make this change to the killer cells once cancer has been diagnosed, is that right?I think it seems most effective that once cancer has been diagnosed to target this molecular handbrake. We don't want to target it all the time but just target it when cancer has been identified to allow the natural response
killer cells to have a better response to the cancer.Can this eradicate the cancer completely or is it simply to shrink it and stop I
it spreading elsewhere in the body? I think these results will be really interesting to see once we can identify a molecule, a drug and get it into these clinical trials, whether it maintains the cancer, reduces it or totally cures it. We will have to see how that works out down the line.Going back a couple there
of steps, if that natural break is there to stop damage to healthy cells and you remove that break, is there then a potential that the killer cells damage healthy tissue as well as cancerous cells or is that collateral damage that's worth the final result?It's probably collateral damage that's worth the final result but it's actually something that we've been very conscious of and investigating and actually when we remove this break it doesn't seem to have really any effect on normal cells. So we can delete this break and remain relatively healthy, we think, and we have to see - this break is present. So
mainly induced when cancer is present. So it's really only relevant when there's a lot of inflammation associated with cancer.Good luck with the rest of your research. Thanks so much. Thank you very much.Stay with us, still to come on the fram - the Queen visits the Chelsea Flower Show where installation by Australian artists dedicated to war veteran dominates this year's display.

Time for a look at the latest market figures now. And Australian shares have oopened flat with gains in the mining sector offset by falls in the goldminers.

People have lined the main road into Alice Springs to capture the arrival of the longest passenger train Australia has seen in more than a decade. At more than a kilometre in length, the train for this week's service on the Ghan is the longest since it first travels from Adelaide to Darwin in 2004. Tracking across the country from the bottom up, this outback giant stretches 1.1 kilometres in length. With 2 locomotives pulling more than 40 carriages, this Ghan is the longest passenger train since the very first Ghan service that travelled from Adelaide to Darwin 12 years ago. Travellers felt Well,
privileged to be a part of it. Well, yes, there were lots of people all along the way waving to us and so we did feel very special. It's great, I just ate too much. The food is fantastic. I just ate and ate. I can't eat anymore. Although some found the scenery a little bland.It was very exotic. It's the longest train journey I've ever been on. We didn't get to see much. A lot of red, a lot of green, two dead cows and a bird.This is one of 44 carriages. One short of the very first Ghan from Adelaide to Darwin. Operators of the train say they've lengthened it simply because there's more demand from tourists.Yeah, there's been a very as
much renewed interest in the Ghan of
as a train and plus it's the time of the year as well. The wet season in Darwin is coming to an end and beautiful days in Alice and Katharine and people want to see it and they want to do it by train. The train will continue north to journey
the town of Katharine and end its journey in Darwin tomorrow. Tonight's Catalyst program is about making a young boy's dream come true. 13-year-old Riley Saban has cerebral palsy. It means he has no voluntary control over any part of his body except his eyes but he wants to be relatively independent around the home, switching on lights, the TV, his computer and drive. The
ultimately he wants to be able to drive. The man who has told him he can make all this a reality is Dr engineer.
Jordan Nguyen who is a biomedical studio.
engineer. He's with me in the studio. Hi, Jordan. That is a big promise to make to a young boy. Why are you confident you could help we'd
him?I was confident in that I knew we'd do everything we could to make it happen and so I think I really wanted to find out what his dreams were, what his aspirations for really
using technology were and I thought really with the way that technology is these days anything is possible. happen.
So we knew we'd make something happen.So Riley can only use his eyes. Where did you start then in trying to make these dreams come true?Really, when we look at the ability side of things, that's when we start with the technology development. His eyes are his window to the opportunity. He really is expressive and communicates with everyone through his eyes. So that's why we started. We looked at that at being a very strong ability and really we didn't want to be cluttering with him with all this equipment and all this technology in front of him either. So we wanted to make it sort of simple and portable for him as well.So what does he have then to help?What he has is something that we're developing throughout this series. He's wearing more or less a waves
headband that picks up on the brain waves and the brain activity. What makes all of this magic happen that make us move, that allow us to move our eyes, it's all electrical signals sent from the brain and so basically we intercept those signals.So does he have to learn things?
how to move his eyes or think about things?Yes, absolutely. Riley was a very big part of this whole process. It was a long journey of sort of the whole thing evolving together because he told us what he it as
wanted but then he had to work for it as well and we really needed him to practice with it, to help us of the
with the journey of the development of the technology. And it was really great that he was able to work so well with us.How far down the line have you got?I guess you will have to see the show. We actually take the audience through that whole journey of the creation, the I'dation of the technology and how we develop it, how we go back and forth and work with the individual who we're designing it Riley.
for, obviously in this case it's Riley. And so we got a fair way with the technology. There were a lot of struggles and you get to see that because just like any sort of development, you go through your that's
ups and your downs and I think that's all part of the excitement. Sure. This is telekinesis, is that right? Is that the term for it?We decided to call it that. Really it comes from the inspiration, b we looked at things like X men and superhero, super powers and we were wanted
saying Riley when he was young wanted to turn on a light, you know, just by looking at it and so that idea, I mean I've done the same, that idea of being able to control something without touching it, that is a form of telekinesis. That's what we decided to call the superpower, the superhuman ability that we were designing so that he would be able to control the technology without physically touching it and basically willing it.Alright, we'll have to leave it there. Look forward to seeing the show this evening. Jordan Nguyen, thanks so much.Thanks very much, Ros.You can see catalyst this iview.
evening at 8:00 on ABC TV at on iview. Spring is in the air in London where the royal family paid a visit to the opening day of Chelsea's famous flower show. The Queen beat the crowds arriving early for a tour of the grounds and receiving a bouquet from a young girl. Many of the exhibits are dedicated to Her Majesty in the year of her 90th birthday. A poignant installation by two from
Australian textile artists made from 300,000 crocheted poppies captured the monarch's attention. It was first displayed in Melbourne as part of last year's Anzac grew
centenary commemorations.This one grew out of hand. We started making 120 poppies in honour of our fathers in 2013 which we thought we would plant at the Shrine of Remembrance in their honour. People just got really interested in it wider
and so we decided to take it to the wider community.The royal horlt cultural society event is one of the world's most prestigious flower shows drawing visitors from around the globe. While the Queen has been a regular at Chelsea since her coronation in 1952, it was the Cambridge
first time the Duke and Duchess of Let's
Cambridge had visited the show. Let's take a look at the national weather now. Here's Vanessa O'Hanlon.Cloudy over northern Queensland. An upper level trough comes in creating more rain for the peninsula and Gulf country for the next two days. A cold front has been pushing through southern WA, losing its intensity on its way to SA tomorrow and the south-east on Thursday. We also have a high pressure system that then moves out towards Queensland creating large waves along NSW coast tomorrow and a new high pressure system setting itself up for central WA. Today 20 degrees in Perth rmt :

Rm to - tomorrow, that cold front extending down the south-east as it comes in late in the day. The trough bringing that rain over towards the central areas of SA and then we've got another weak front that pushes in later that night that brings gusty winds and showers again.

And that's ABC News for now. The next full bulletin on ABC TV is at 5pm. I'm Ros Childs, thanks for watching.