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Australian Story -

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CAROLINE JONES, PRESENTER: Hello. I'm Caroline Jones. On the 28th of April, 1996, another terrible chapter was written into the dark history of Port Arthur, the former penal colony in Tasmania. A lone gunman shot dead 35 people and left another 23 injured. Galvanised into action by that shocking event, then prime minister John Howard convinced the states to introduce strict uniform gun control measures. For the survivors 20 years on, the physical and psychological wounds remain and many are determined that the lessons learned from that day must never be forgotten. These are some of their stories.

(Footage of Port Arthur at dawn)

CAROLYN LOUGHTON: And all of a sudden, an incident happens that throws the world you knew off its axis. And it's that vast and deep and horrific, it's very hard to understand. There are horrible people out there: people of intent. Total strangers will inflict themselves on you and your children, for no purpose whatsoever. And there is no answer to the question: Why?

(Footage of Carolyn walking with cane to bathroom. She takes a box of prescribed medicine from a large bag)

CAROLYN LOUGHTON: I was a fit and healthy young mother. And I was very active and had lots of energy. And you believe you're the captain of your world.

(Carolyn shows her bare left shoulder, showing the results of surgery)

CAROLYN LOUGHTON: The whole area has been rebuilt from bones that have been farmed from the rest of my body; skin graft off my leg. And I've major veins taken out of my neck to re-vascularise my back to keep it alive.

(Carolyn applies ointment to her left shoulder)

CAROLYN LOUGHTON: The day of the shooting, I realised I knew nothing. No-one would've predicted this. It's affected half my adult life. It's affected a third of my life. And it's taken my daughter's life. And that's what it is to be shot and survive one bullet.

BRYAN WALPOLE, FORMER EMERGENCY DOCTOR: In 1996 I was working at the emergency department at Royal Hobart Hospital. Those of us in the public health movement had a absolutely clear vision of the destruction that firearms were causing in society. There was one massacre a year between 1986 and 1996.

(Montage of news stories)

REPORTER (ABC TV News, August 1991): A gunman armed with an automatic rifle and a machete ran through the Strathfield Shopping Centre, shooting at random.

AMBULANCE OFFICER (ABC TV News, August 1991) (talks into two-way radio): Five, (inaudible) one more patient...

REPORTER (ABC TV News, August 1991): Seven people, including the gunman, were dead.

RICHARD MORECROFT, PRESENTER (ABC TV News, An attempted hold-up in Melbourne went horribly wrong this afternoon, leaving at least eight people dead and many others injured.

REPORTER (ABC TV News, August 1987): In the gutter were the bullet-ridden bodies of a man and a woman. And, in a car outside a service station, another victim. The killer used a pump-action shotgun and two high-powered rifles.

BRYAN WALPOLE, FORMER EMERGENCY DOCTOR: You could buy semi-automatics; pump-action shotguns. Basically you could buy anything you liked, as many as you liked. There was no scrutiny of who had them.

REPORTER (archive): In fact, I don't even have to go to a sporting shop. There are shops in Tasmania where you can buy food and even ice cream in the same room as you buy your gun.

BRYAN WALPOLE, FORMER EMERGENCY DOCTOR: You could buy your weapon on Monday, and, and shoot your wife in the afternoon. Until Port Arthur.

CAROLYN LOUGHTON: That year, Anzac Day fell on the Thursday. So taking the Friday off work meant you can have a four-day weekend. I was a single mother and Sarah was on the cusp of womanhood. And she was my best friend. It had been her birthday on the 28th of March. She'd never had a day off school and I saw it as an opportunity to actually go away to Tasmania - to a different part of the world - and that it would be a lovely experience for her. Back then, you wouldn't go to Tasmania without going to Port Arthur because it was such an historical place.

WALTER MIKAC: That day started out as pretty well a normal day. I had agreed to sponsor a golf tournament at Port Arthur because of my business. I suggested to Nanette and my daughters, Alannah and Madeline, who were six and three, that they go to Port Arthur and have a picnic. And so that's what they did.

PETER GRENFELL: Well, there was a group of four of us went down. And we were humming and ha-ing where to go. Yeah, and we got down there about lunchtime. So just a spur of the moment. We had a few hours to kill and that's all it was.

CAROLYN LOUGHTON: Sarah looked at me and said, "Can we have lunch in the café?" And I remember this: I remember looking at her and saying, "But, love, we ate there yesterday. We were here yesterday." And she said, "I know but I'd really like to." And I said, "OK." Certainly there were a lot of people in there. And there was something like a long trellis table. Sarah sat opposite me.

PAULINE GRENFELL: Well, we were in the café and we were sitting with, ah, Carol Loughton and her daughter. And she was a pretty young girl. She just seemed happy: just chatting away and... er, yeah. Oh yes, I can see her face right now.

PETER GRENFELL: I think we were sort of like half-way through our meals. And it wasn't... We were having a pastie and it wasn't what you'd call the best of pasties.

(Pauline laughs)

PETER GRENFELL: And, ah, yeah and we walked out.

CAROLYN LOUGHTON: I looked up and saw this long-haired young man walk in. And noticeably - bizarrely - he was carrying a sports bag which was obviously, heavily, a, a burden. And I watched him walk behind Sarah and go down into the other part of the restaurant. And I thought: how odd. Very shortly thereafter there was a massive, loud - incredibly loud - noise.

(Home video footage of Port Arthur as massacre begins in distance, 28 April 1996)
VISITOR: These people up here... There's gunshots.

CAROLYN LOUGHTON: I'm seeing parts of the wall being chipped way and I'm seeing him with a very, very long gun. And I'm realising that we are now in actually... here: here with a gunman. So this is all within split seconds.

There is no yelling. There is no running. It's not like in the movies. Within split seconds, people are either dead or they're flat on the floor, pretending to be dead. He then came, walked behind my daughter with the gun up. He was shooting people behind me in the souvenir part of the shop. She would have seen that. And she stood up: and the look of absolute terror on her face. I stood up, lunged at her, threw my arm around her neck and we dropped to the floor. Her head was exposed, but her body wasn't.

JUSTIN NOBLE, FORMER NSW POLICE OFFICER: Well, I was a serving member of the New South Wales Police. I was down in Tasmania on some annual leave: um, actually down there, like, on a second honeymoon. Cathy and I were sitting at the picnic table in a park outside of the Broad Arrow Café. And I started to hear gunshots.

(Home video footage of Port Arthur, 28 April 1996. Gunshots can be heard as couple talks)

JUSTIN NOBLE: I stood up. I was scanning around. There were people walking around us who were heading towards where the gunshots were coming from. And people were talking about, you know, re-enactments.

(Home video footage of Port Arthur, 28 April 1996)
EYEWITNESS 1: Can you explain the situation?
EYEWITNESS 2: I don't know. (Laughs)
EYEWITNESS 1: Apparently there's a man gone berserk with a gun down at the store.
EYEWITNESS 2: At the kiosk?
EYEWITNESS 1: Well, that's what the woman...
EYEWITNESS 2: Well that's where we were almost thinking about having lunch. I'm glad we didn't... (laughs nervously) That's really lucky.
(Footage ends)

PAULINE GRENFELL: We were at the toilet block, which was right next to the café.

PETER GRENFELL: People were just running around everywhere, yelling, "He's got a gun and he's shooting." And then we seen him on the veranda and, um, he's shot in our direction.

(Home video footage of Port Arthur, 28 April 1996)
EYEWITNESS 1: I'm pretty sure someone's got a gun. Actually, we're bloody positive of it.
(Footage ends)

PAULINE GRENFELL: We were just so panicked, we started to move away from the café. Everybody was heading towards... was it an oval or something? The oval, yeah. And anyway, we didn't feel safe going in the oval. We thought, "We're just going to be sitting ducks there." So we decided to head up Jetty Road.

(Second video footage of Port Arthur, 28 April 1996)
JAMES BALASCO, AMERICAN TOURIST: There's somebody going crazy shooting people here. There he is. He's over there. I can't believe it. That's the guy, right there.
(Footage ends)

JUSTIN NOBLE: I noticed the gunman walk out of the café and down onto the car park area. He was carrying a military style weapon. I've witnessed what they can do on firing ranges: like, at firepower demonstrations. They fire a bullet at supersonic. So in other words, the bullet hits you before you hear the sound. I said to my wife, um, "We're in deep shit." I started yelling at people to get up and run: to get out of the site.

(Home video footage of Port Arthur, 28 April 1996)
EYEWITNESS 1: Get in the building, Karen.
EYEWITNESS 3: Excuse me, are the police here? Aren't I better off going back to the car? 'Cause I'm pregnant and I don't want to be stuck in here if something happens...
EYEWITNESS 1: No, no, no, no! Look. Look.

JUSTIN NOBLE: People were shocked. They sort of froze. They didn't understand what was going on.

(Home video of people hiding inside building, 28 April 1996)
EYEWITNESS 4: Yeah. She was down there when it happened.

(Home video of people milling outside café, 28 April 1996)
EYEWITNESS 5: They still haven't caught this character.

JUSTIN NOBLE: I was going around, pushing people off the site as well, telling them that they had to get out, off the site, to take cover. And... I just saw him lift the rifle and start shooting.

CAROLYN LOUGHTON: And you could continue to hear the gunshots. I'm whispering in my daughter's ear to stay down, to not move, because at this point bullets are coming through the glass window. I thought she was being a good girl. Sarah was being a good girl. I tried to lift myself and realised I'd been shot. And I didn't get far and I collapsed against a wall. And I certainly couldn't get back to Sarah. And I thought, "I'm going to die here."

LYNNE BEAVIS, FORMER NURSE: I was at the far end of the penitentiary. I saw him come out. And being a nurse, I just kind of had thoughts of how I could help those people. So we actually went towards the café.

(Footage of Lynne interviewed two days after the massacre)
LYNNE BEAVIS (7.30 Report, 30 April 1996): And I went into the cafeteria. And I... There were people everywhere: bodies. It's just so indescribable, what had happened in there. I thought at the time: being a nurse, I've seen dead people. I've seen blood. I've seen things like this.

But what I saw in there, nobody but perhaps a soldier would know what it was like. It was, um... I... It was awful.
(Footage ends)

LYNNE BEAVIS, FORMER NURSE: One of the hardest things I remember was finding a young girl that was um, of similar build to my daughter and similar age to my daughter.

(Footage of Lynne interviewed two days after the massacre)
LYNNE BEAVIS (7.30 Report, 30 April 1996): And the one woman was asking for her daughter. (Begins crying) "You'll know her," she said. "She's got a black hat on." I couldn't tell her that her daughter was dead.
(Footage ends)

PAULINE GRENFELL: We were up Jetty Road. There was a there was a lady with her two young girls: two little ones. And we were walking with them. They were trying to get out, same as us.

(Photograph of Madeline and Alannah Mikac at Port Arthur)

PAULINE GRENFELL: The older of the two children: she was very fearful. And her Mum said to her: she said, "We're safe now, pumpkin." And she seemed to feel better then. This car pulled up.

(Photograph of yellow Volvo sedan with surfboard on roof)

PAULINE GRENFELL: We thought, "Thank God. Somebody's going to pick them up and can get them out of here.

PETER GRENFELL: Mm.

PAULINE GRENFELL: She walked towards the car, thinking it was a way out. The problem was: she walked right into him.

PETER GRENFELL: I was standing almost at the passenger-side door. And that's when I seen the gun on the front seat. And I yelled out, "It's him. Run."

PAULINE GRENFELL: When he got out of the car, his arm went on the mother's shoulder. And he was saying, "Get down. Get down," as she was begging for her children's lives. I saw the mother fall down when he shot her. Ah, but I didn't really see the little girls. And I said, "The children. Where are the children?" And Peter said, "He shot 'em." The little girl was behind a tree. He deliberately went towards that tree to murder a little child. A mother and her two children saved us - because in effect that's what they did. They saved us. And I was just always so sorry we couldn't save them, um because they gave us the precious seconds to move away. So yes, we were lucky and we were fortunate. But... that doesn't take away the pain of what happened to others. That stays with you.

WALTER MIKAC: We heard gunfire. So I drove home. And, ah, Nanette and the children weren't home. And I went looking for them around the site: found the car, so I knew that they were there. And there was this- just this feeling of dread, pretty well for the whole afternoon.

(Footage of police boat, rescue helicopter and ambulance driving to the site. Police take weapons and head out to explore site)

BRYAN WALPOLE, FORMER EMERGENCY DOCTOR: The scene down there must have been quite chaotic in that there were dead bodies, there were injured people, there was a gunman at large. And quite courageously they set up what's called a triage station.

(Ambulance workers wheel Carolyn on gurney)

CAROLYN LOUGHTON: And I remember the rescue workers running along beside me on the gurney, scribing: "Who are you? Where are you from? Who can we ring?" And I just screamed at them, "There's a young teenage girl inside. That's her name, her name is Sarah. She's my daughter. You have to get her out." Then I was put onto the helicopter.

REPORTER (28 April 1996): A lone gunman, armed with a high-powered rifle, entered the Port Arthur historic site and began firing randomly.

JOHN HOWARD, PRIME MINISTER 1996-2007: I'd only been in the job of prime minister a few weeks and I was at home at Kirribilli House that weekend. And I flicked on the television. And before long I, I knew we had this unbelievable disaster: tragedy. Thirty-five people. It was unthinkable this would happen in Australia.

BRYAN WALPOLE, FORMER EMERGENCY DOCTOR: I had the duty of receiving all the dead people into the morgue, so I saw first-hand the shocking wounds that the people who were killed had sustained.

(Footage of ambulance officers unloading injured people)

CAROLYN LOUGHTON: There was an absolute team of medical people with their masks up. And they ran me along that corridor. And I can remember these eyes looking at me over their masks. "How many people are dead? What's happening?" I was in a room of my own and I was in extreme pain, on extreme painkillers. I remember policemen coming to the door and starting to step into the room and say, "Mrs Loughton, we have something to tell you." And at that point I think I went insane.

(Footage of Carolyn in hospital, 1996)
CAROLYN LOUGHTON: I wish it had've been me instead of her.
(Footage ends)

CAROLYN LOUGHTON: Deep down I felt I had failed her at the one vital point in her life. I had failed her. I hadn't saved her.

PRESENTER (ABC TV, 29 April 1996): A gunman who allegedly shot and killed 32 people at the Port Arthur historical site yesterday has been taken into custody.

(Police video footage of interview with Martin Bryant, July 1996)
POLICE OFFICER 1: Which gun did you have?
MARTIN BRYANT: I had the, um...
POLICE OFFICER 1: Can Mr Warren hold it up?
MARTIN BRYANT: That AR-15. See, if people didn't do these unfortunate things, you guys wouldn't have a job. (Laughs)
POLICE OFFICER: Well, there's a lot of truth in that, Martin, let me tell you.
POLICE OFFICER 2 (off-screen): That one there?
MARTIN BRYANT: Yes. That was the one.
POLICE OFFICER 2 (off-screen): This is the one that...
MARTIN BRYANT: It's a sweet little gun. It's so light.
(Footage ends)

DAMIAN BUGG, FORMER DIRECTOR OF PUBLIC PROSECUTIONS (voiceover): Martin Bryant was only in the café for a minute and a half: at the very outside, two minutes. And in those first 15 seconds, 17 shots were fired and killed 12 people.

(TV news footage of police officer holding semi-automatic rifle)
POLICE OFFICER: This is the weapon that was used in the café where 20 people died. This particular gun fires a bullet at around about 3,200 feet per second. This bag of .38 cartridges was found also in the Volvo vehicle at the tollbooth...


DAMIAN BUGG: It was all over in 90 seconds. He murdered 20 people. And a number of other people were seriously injured. He expended all the ammunition that was in the AR-15 semi-automatic military weapon that he had. Er, they were full metal jacket rounds. You would like to think that someone like that, er, would be unable to walk into a shop and buy the guns and ammunition that he used on that day.

(Footage of memorial service at St David's Anglican Cathedral, Hobart, 1 May 1996)
PHILLIP NEWELL, BISHOP: The suddenness of the assault, the scope of the massacre, the senselessness of the carnage have left us in deep shock and even anger.

JOHN HOWARD: I was shocked at the magnitude of it and the ruthlessness with which it was carried out . And it just brought home to me: "Gee, this capacity to take human life in such magnitude is, is in the hands of people who are clearly unbalanced."

BRYAN WALPOLE, FORMER EMERGENCY DOCTOR: The medical director of the hospital asked me if I would go along to the memorial service. And I sat in the audience there, just reflecting on, on what had happened.

(Footage of John Howard shaking hands with Bryan Walpole after service, 1 May 1996)

JOHN HOWARD: And there was a doctor who'd treated a lot of the people: horrific injuries. And he started explaining what had happened and he broke down. And I embraced him. It seemed the most natural thing in the world to do. Walter Mikac, of course, had lost his two beautiful daughters and wife. And he wanted me to do something to stop it happening again.

JIM MIDDLETON, REPORTER (ABC TV News, 10 May 1996): Just back from his distressing trip to Port Arthur and Hobart, John Howard announced his determination to get tough on guns at a...

JOHN HOWARD: Many people in the regional areas: they said to me, "Look, we use guns responsibly. What right have you got to come along? And why should we be penalised because of the lunatic behaviour of this madman?" This was an issue where regional Australia and the rest of the country did divide.

(Footage of anti-gun control rally)
SPEAKER: Are you going to give up your guns?
PROTESTERS (shouting): No!
SPEAKER: Are you gonna register your guns?
PROTESTERS (shouting): No!
SPEAKER: What are you gonna tell these politicians?
PROTESTERS (shouting): Get stuffed!
(Footage of John Howard addressing anti-gun control protesters)
JOHN HOWARD: I'm sorry about that, but there is no other way, there is no other way that we can...
(Sound of booing and jeering drowns John Howard out.
(Footage ends)

JOHN HOWARD: It was going to cause trouble and if you looked at the entire nation, it did have very strong support. What came out of it was an agreement to enter into this national firearms agreement, and it involved the total prohibition on the sale, possession and importation of automatic and semi-automatic weapons.

(Footage of weapons being destroyed)

BRYAN WALPOLE, FORMER EMERGENCY DOCTOR: I think one of the great things: it had bipartisan support. From the end of April to the end of May, it, it was done.

REPORTER (ABC TV News, 1996): Martin Bryant left Risdon Jail shortly before seven this morning, his prison van under close police escort. It was his first court appearance in person since the April massacre.

DAMIAN BUGG: We felt that it was important that every criminal act should see a charge laid against Bryant for it. So we finished up with a 72-count indictment. And he pleaded not guilty to all 72 counts; then in early November he changed his plea to guilty on all counts.

(Footage of police vehicle driving Martin Bryant from court after sentencing)
CAROLYN LOUGHTON: That man has had seven months more life than my daughter and the other 34 victims have had. He can rot in hell.

CAROLYN LOUGHTON: I was there to watch him on his last day of freedom. And that's what I did. And at the end of it, they really do say: "Thirty five life sentences for the term of your natural life."

(Footage of Carolyn leaving hospital after reconstructive surgery. She shakes hands with hospital staff.)
CAROLYN LOUGHTON: See you later, guys. I'll come and see you when I'm an outpatient. Thank you for all your help.
HOSPITAL STAFF MEMBER 1: OK. All the best. Look after yourself.
HOSPITAL STAFF MEMBER 2: All the best, Carolyn.
CAROLYN LOUGHTON: Bye. Thanks for putting me back together again.
HOSPITAL STAFF MEMBER 2: That's OK.
CAROLYN LOUGHTON: See you later. Bye-bye.
(End of footage)

LYNNE BEAVIS, FORMER NURSE: Well, as long as I've known Carolyn she still is suffering the effects from that day, 20 years down the track. She still, um, has problems with mobility. She has problems with pain. Carolyn's had multiple operations - and some as late as last year.

(Carolyn shows an x-ray photograph of her chest)
CAROLYN LOUGHTON: You can see shrapnel is still in my body, which can't be removed. I actually have glass in my body as well. I'm not the only person who has gone through anything like this. One bullet to the body is horrific - is beyond horrific. This is living nightmare stuff.

(Excerpt from 7.30, 14 July 2015)
LEIGH SALES, PRESENTER: Australia's gun laws, introduced after the Port Arthur massacre in 1996, are set for a significant test.
DYLAN WELCH, REPORTER: Hey, Robert. How are you?
ROBERT NIOA, FIREARMS DEALER: Yeah, good. Good to see you. Come on through.

CAROLYN LOUGHTON: Like so many Australian citizens, I though the topic was sorted out 20 years ago. It was only mid-last year that I saw in passing, flipping through the stations, about this Adler gun that was due to come in.

(Footage of Nioa Company employee testing Adler rapid-fire shotgun)

CAROLYN LOUGHTON: It was very, very rapid-fire. You can't run that fast. It was truly, truly frightening. I couldn't believe it. And I then decided to start a petition with my name on it, bringing to the attention of the public the fact that this Adler was due to arrive in this country.

NICOLE CHETTLE, PRESENTER (ABC TV News, August 2015): Carolyn Loughton, who lost her daughter at Port Arthur, is campaigning against the sale of the Turkish-made Adler lever-action shotgun in Australia.

CAROLYN LOUGHTON: I never thought that I had a voice. I never thought that anybody would be interested in my story - except when I realised I have survived a unique experience.

(Carolyn is visited by US reporter, February 2016)
CAROLYN LOUGHTON: Hi.
SETH DOANE, REPORTER, CBS NEWS: Hi, Carolyn. I'm Seth.
CAROLYN LOUGHTON: Hi Seth. I haven't spoken to you.
SETH DOANE: I know. Nice to meet you, though.
CAROLYN LOUGHTON: And you've come a long way as well.
CAROLYN LOUGHTON: Yes. That would be good.
SETH DOANE: So I thought maybe we could talk here and then maybe we can go into the kitchen and you can show me some of the pictures.

SETH DOANE: I'm Seth Doane. I'm a correspondent for CBS News. We've come to talk to Carolyn because she's really the face or one of the faces of this tragedy 20 years ago.

(To interviewer) The question we're here looking at is: does America have anything to learn from Australia?

(Excerpt from CBS News interview)
CAROLYN LOUGHTON: But my question is: how is it going for you over there? But I can't answer that for you.

CAROLYN LOUGHTON: And so this would seem to be the path that I'm on. I don't choose it to be, but this is the cards that I've been dealt in life. So I'm speaking up.

WALTER MIKAC: Here, you've got a person who had seen what these rifles had done, had faced the bullet. It had gone through her. I still have to pinch myself that we as a country, you know, acted so swiftly that we made change happen that benefits people who don't even know today.

(Carolyn visits Sarah's grave with flowers)
CAROLYN LOUGHTON (whispers): It's really hard without you.

WALTER MIKAC: We don't want to turn the clock back.

JUSTIN NOBLE: For me, it took a number of years to process what had occurred. And I filed it away in the filing cabinet at the back of my head and just... that's how I dealt with it. Cathy and I both suffered from PTSD. Cathy responded much quicker than me. I retired around about 2001 and I decided to move to Tasmania. The three youngest children have all turned out to be people with an interest in helping people. They're all lifesavers.

(Footage of Justin and Cathy Noble walking along Clifton Beach, Tasmania, to visit children at surf rescue team)
DAUGHTER: Hey, Dad. How are you?
(Son performs CPR practice on daughter as trainer looks on)
SURF LIFESAVING TRAINER: OK, so that was really good.
(Footage ends)

PAULINE GRENFELL: I just withdrew into myself and I ended up having a gambling problem. Because sitting in front of a pokie machine drowns everything out in your mind. I just wanted to sit here in my own little world, where everything's fine. But over time I broke my habit. Life is there and you've got to live it. You know, whether you're happy, sad: doesn't make any difference. You've got to... you've got to live your life... and make the best of it.

(Carolyn, Lynne and Vicar Hugh Kempster walk inside St Peter's Church, Melbourne)
HUGH KEMPSTER, VICAR, ST PETER'S CHURCH, MELBOURNE: I think that would be a good focus in the service perhaps.
CAROLYN LOUGHTON: To see the candelabra is just magnificent. To know that the church is good enough to keep it here in perpetuity, in memory of all those lives lost and people that survived.
(Carolyn and Lynne place candles in candelabra)
CAROLYN LOUGHTON (to Lynne) You saved my life on that day and to know you for the last 20 years has been an absolute... absolute blessing, dear.
LYNNE BEAVIS: You too, sweetie.

CAROLYN LOUGHTON: Lynne and I met each other in those horrific circumstances in the café. Lynne has been very involved with formulating a place for the survivors to gather on the anniversary of the Port Arthur massacre to honour and grieve.


LYNNE BEAVIS, FORMER NURSE: It's kind of unique friendship: not one I'd wish on anybody else, but it's... it's been good for us.

END CAPTIONS:
A 20th anniversary commemoration service will be held at the Port Arthur site on 28 April.

There is a temporary ban on the importation of the eight-round Adler A110 shotgun. A decision on whether this ban remains will be made by the Federal Government later this year.

Last week Walter Mikac also launched a petition calling on state and territory governments to maintain strict gun control laws.