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Two terror attacks kill scores of people, an explosion in Turkey's capital Ankara leaves at least 34 dead. While on the Ivory Coast, al-Qaeda-linked militants shoot dead at least 16 people at a beach resort. This program is captioned by Caption It Pty Ltd. The Deputy Prime Minister declares himself the underdog after a poll indicates he may have a battle to retain his New England seat. Good afternoon. Ros Childs.
You are watching ABC News. I'm Ros Childs. Also ahead on the program - the Foreign Minister visits cyclone-ravaged parts of Fiji where Australian soldiers are helping with the re-build. Melbourne Cup-winning jockey Michelle Payne and her brother Stevie lead the celebration s at today's Moomba Parade. Turkey's capital has been rocked by a suicide attack that's killed 34 people and injured another 125. A car bomb packed with nails and pellets exploded in the centre of Ankara destroying a bus and several cars. The bombing comes less than a month after a military convoy was attacked. Sophie McNeill has this report. Once again the streets of Turkey are a blood bath. Dozens are dead after a car believed to be driven by a suicide bomber slammed into a crowded bus. Laden with explosives, it caused a huge blast near a major transport hub in the heart of Ankara. TRANSLATION: The car came near to us. 10 seconds later, the seats in the bus flew following explosions. A piece of metal crashed into me. The attack took place in the centre of the diplomatic quarter next to Turkey's military headquarters, Parliament and other key government institutions. Australia's Ambassador to Turkey, James Larson, was one of the many people in the crowded area at the time. Our Ambassador was actually at that intersection in his vehicle about 20m away from the blast. He is fine. All of the Australian staff and our locally-engaged embassy staff are fine. I understand no foreigners were either killed or injured in the attack still under
although investigations are still under way. An Ankara court has ordered a ban on Twitter and Facebook throughout Turkey after images from the scene were shared online. A media blackout has been imposed stopping local journalists from sharing information. It all happened just blocks away from a similar explosion in February that killed 29 people, mainly soldiers. Like that attack, the Turkish government has been quick to once again point the finger at Kurdish militants. But no-one has claimed responsibility yet for this blast. These are dangerous times in Turkey. The country now faces multiple threats from different groups. This is the fifth major bombing to take place in the country in just the past year. In West Africa, al-Qaeda militants have claimed responsibility for an attack in the Ivory Coast which killed at least 16 people. The attackers opened fire in a beach resort in a World Heritage area that's popular with Western tourists. It is the latest of three mass shootings by Islamist gunmen in the region in recent months. Witnesses say gunmen opened fire on a beach at the Grand Bassam resort east of the capital Abidjan. TRANSLATION: They were shooting everywhere on the beach. There are lots of dead. The attackers targeted three hotels sending tourists running in terror, one 5-year-old child was reportedly killed despite kneeling down and begging for his life. A woman was shot in the chest. TRANSLATION: Some people lay on the ground but they started to spray bullets at them. Some tried to swim away, they started shooting at them. Footage from the scene showed local officials treating the wounded. 16 were killed, among them two European tourists. Six assailants are dead. TRANSLATION: The defence and the security forces intervened immediately and neutralised these terrorists. Ivory Coast's President visited the scene within hours of the attack. Bodies were still strewn on the beach and nearby roads.TRANSLATION: These cowardly terrorist attacks will not be tolerated in the Ivory Coast. We have taken significant measures. The mass shooting raises new fears about the spread of radical Islam in West Africa. In January, dozens of people were killed in a similar attack on a hotel in neighbouring Burkina Faso and al-Qaeda claimed responsibility for an attack in Mali last November which killed at least 20 people. Here the Deputy Prime Minister Barnaby Joyce has claimed he is the underdog in the fight to reclaim his seat. A new opinion poll has found former Independent MP Tony Windsor could topple Mr Joyce in New England. Political reporter Stephen Dziedzic joins us from Canberra. How fierce is the battle for New England likely to be? Ros, it is likely to be both fierce and very close. This Newspoll confirms the battle for New England is going to be a real one to watch. With Mr Windsor in his current position, he is likely to actually tip Mr Joyce out of the seat with a 52-48% preference vote. That's despite the fact that Mr Joyce is likely to just edge out Mr Windsor on the first preferences. The pollsters evidently think the preferences which is
will flow Mr Windsor's way which is why he has come out on top. We should add this is only one poll and we are a long way from the election and the terrain could shift enormously over the next few months. We will see much less of Mr Joyce cross crossing the country, wooing voters in rural seats. He will have to spend much more time in New England defending his home turf. When he read out the results of the poll today, Mr Joyce gave an interesting response. He argued he was in a much better position than Mr New
Windsor to serve the people of Deputy Prime
New England because he is Deputy Prime Minister, implying, perhaps, that if Mr Windsor won, then the seat of New England could be neglected by a new government. He was also very quick to claim the mantle of underdog. Perhaps in an attempt to convince voters who are leaning towards a protest vote that they shouldn't vote for Mr Windsor unless they were deadly serious about him becoming the Member for New England. Let's listen to what Mr Joyce had to say earlier today. What that would mean quite obviously is New England would go into Opposition. That is life. That's political life. Unfortunately that means I claim the mantle as the underdog. Meanwhile, MPs will return to Canberra tomorrow for the last sitting week before the Budget but are we any closer to finding out when the election will be? Ros, probably a little bit closer. MPs, as you say, are coming back to Canberra tomorrow. This will be the last sitting week before the Budget. The Government's main priority will be trying to force through its changes to Senate voting laws. They are due to go through the Senate sometime this week . But it's also been very vocal about its desire to get the ABCC bill industrial
through - its changes to industrial relations Minister
legislation. The Prime Minister has warned Independents that, if they want to avoid a double dissolution, they should vote for this bill. But interestingly at this stage the Government has not yet listed it as a priority area cross
for debate. That's got some cross bench MPs thinking the Government is bluffing and at least one of them, Ricky Muir, has threatened to bring it forward for debate in an attempt to call what he says is an e elaborate bluff. It is going to be a fast fascinating few days in politic.A few full police funeral is under way for an officer killed responding to an event last week. Jackson Vernon, tell us more about the funeral. Ros, the service has been under way for about half an hour now. We have just heard from the NSW Police Commissioner Andrew Scipione who delivered the valedictory for Sergeant Jeffrey Richardson. He started the speech by describing the danger that's present for police officers every time they go to work, saying the danger is at the front and back of their mind every time they log on and they put themselves in harm's way every time they go to work. He has gone into great detail the Sergeant had for the local community, saying he was a much loved and respected police officer known as Buddha by his close family and friends, describing him as a policeman's policeman. Someone committed to the community, an ex emparticular ex emplayer of a family man. The Sergeant has received many accolades from people in the community who valued and respected his contribution to the Force but the overriding message with is this is the great loss felt by his family and friends. He leaves behind a wife and two young sons. Very sad and moving presentation by the Police Commissioner. As well as the Commissioner, who else is attending the service? Ros, there has been a massive turnout of police officers here today. I've estimated more than 500 police officers here at Cathedral.
Newcastle's Christchurch Cathedral. We have people representing the police force in New Zealand as well as a handful of officers from New York. Right across the world, people are here represented, to pay their respects for Geoffrey Richardson and many family and friends who have turned out to also pay their respects. Jackson, thanks. A man has been charged with murder after the discovery of a woman's body in Melbourne's west. The body of the 20-year-old was found in a home at Melton last night. Helen Brown has more. Police have charged a 24-year-old Melbourne man with one count of murder following the discovery of the body of a woman at a set of units in a suburb in Melbourne's west overnight. Police were called to this area in the suburb of Melton around 7 o'clock at night and homicide squad detectives spent all night here after setting up a crime scene. The 24-year-old appeared in an out-of-sessions court hearing. He has been remanded in custody to appear at the Melbourne Magistrates Court. Neighbours were reluctant to go on camera but said they did hear screaming and shouting and that the woman appeared to be of African descent. In Melbourne, a 24-year-old man charged with one count of murder following the death of a woman in the suburb of Melton overnight. 800 sacked workers and 700 creditors have been called to an emergency meeting in Townsville today over the future of Clive Palmer's nickel refinery. They are discussing a possible community buyback of the plant. Here is Jesse Dorsett. How would this buyback work? Those details are being thrashed out in the kasinno behind me. We have seen 300 workers, perhaps more, pile into the meeting and they're meeting with the company Sister City Partners who are proposing this community buyback. This meeting is expected to go for a couple of hours, no doubt tensions will be high because these are the dumped workers from Queensland Nickel who really have nowhere else to turn at this stage. This is looking like their only prospect of future employment Clive Palmer
with the refinery. What's Clive Palmer had to say about this possible bid? Yesterday Mr Palmer confirmed to the ABC that he is in discussions with the company and we understand that a non-binding document setting out how this buyback might go about is being drawn up but it's important to note that is non-binding. There has been a lot of talk about Mr Palmer's appearance on 'Insiders' yesterday. Here in Townsville, no doubt the dumped workers were watching the program. He said to the workers it is a great tragedy they have been sacked from the refinery but it wasn't him, it was the administrator s. You can imagine how the people here are feeling, they are very angry and that stoked tensions here in Townsville. The meeting is going on behind you, how will things play out from here? We are not sure. We are just about to have a listen to what they have to say. Talking to a few of the workers as they piled into the casino, they're very hopeful. Some are prepared to stump up some of their own money, we don't know how much it will cost to buy back the refinery but certainly, as I said earlier, these people don't have anywhere else to turn at this entitlements
stage because their entitlements aren't even guaranteed so high hopes riding on the meeting, Ros. Thousands of people have turned out to watch the annual Moomba Parade in Melbourne today. The Parade is held on the final day of the Moomba Festival and pre siding over Melbourne
the long weekend have been Michelle
Melbourne Cup-winning jockey Michelle Payne and her brother Stevie who are the King and Queen. Emma Younger, what was the parade like? The parade was everything that's uniquely Melbourne. 1800 performers coming down from the Shine of Remembrance to the art centre in front of a crowd of about 85,000. There were dance troupes, cultural troupes, there was emergency services, a very popular siren being let off by the fire trucks getting the crowd revved up. There was also lots of floats designed by Melbournian s who won a competition last year and most of those were designed by kids under the age of 10. There were some quite amazing floats. A pirate ship. There was a koala hanging off the art centre spire with another koala riding a tram like a skateboard. There was all sorts of displays. A haunted house. Lots to keep the families here excited and engaged today. A big variety. Michelle and Stevie Paino were a popular choice, I guess, as Moomba monarchs? Yes, they were an extremely popular choice. Their story has inspired many Victorians and I'm sure many across the country. They are the first monarchs in
siblings to be the Moomba monarchs in the 62-year history. Michelle and Stevie were atop the special float that was designed just for them today. Mishle's crown had horses all over it, Stevie's had horseshoes. He was bending down on one knee, revving up the crowd, getting them to cheer all the way down the street. It was a very fitting end to the parade this morning. Tell us more about how big the whole Moomba Festival is and what's left to come today? The Moomba fett val runs over three days, today is the final day being the Labour Day public holiday in Victoria. There is much more for people to enjoy today. There is a carnival, waterskiing that will be well
displayed on the Yarra River as well as music performances and a fireworks display for another night here in the city tonight. That's at about 9:30. That will be the finale to the weekend's celebrations. The Foreign Minister has visited cyclone-torn Fiji where Australian soldiers and government officials are Hepping the country - helping the country rebuild. Australia has given Fiji $15 million in aid and distributed more than 500 tonnes of humanitarian supplies including food and medical equipment. Julie Bishop says the focus is shifting to long-term reconstruction. They are moving from the phase of immediate support to longer-term support, putting rooves on schools, ensuring children can get back to school, ensuring medical centres are operating and ensuring the tourism trade can continue to thrive. Ms Bishop says Australia stands ready to offer more aid if Fiji makes the request. The United Nations refugee agency says the human misery experienced by refugees waiting to enter Europe has reached a deplorable peak. 14,000 people have crowded into a Greek camp since Macedonia closed its border cutting off the flow of people into Germany's . Chancellor Angela Merkel's Chrission Democrat union has suffered setbacks while an anti-migrant party has made gains but Angela Merkel remain as hero to many migrants and refugees. Many of them have been here for 20 days but are not ready to turn back yet. This is an impromptu demonstration staged in the rain and mud and in desperation. They are chanting "Merkel, Merkel". They still want to get to Germany here. They are moving away from the border here, it is a demonstration simply to show these people are unhappy with the situation here and want this border re-opened. I want to go to Germany. This Iraqi man wants to go to Germany, too. He can't understand that his path has been blocked at this stage in the journey. Before these people are coming here, you should say "We don't accept any more". Still Germans say "We want people". Why you won't take people, why you closing the border? Conditions are grim but so, too, the determination of these people to get further by hook or by crook. Trying to find smugglers to take me because they said if you have 5,000 Euro, they will take you by helicopter. Some escape the relent less rain back to Athens. "The borders are closed for us" this man from North Africa tells me. In Athens, he will look for work, he says. At home he has no prospects. Days and cold, damp conditions are taking their toll on the camp residents, especially on the young, the elderly and on pregnant women. We have a lot of women that we refer to the hospital and they have a miscarriage.We want to go. My son injured, my wife injured. So far their cries have fallen on deaf ears and this desperate situation plays out for yet another day. An ABC 'Four Corners' crew has had their passports returned but are still stuck in Malaysia after trying to question Prime Minister Najib Razak over a corruption scandal. Reporter Linton Besser and camera operator Louie Eroglu were arrested in the city of Kuching on Saturday night after approaching Mr Razak on the street. Both were released without charge on Sunday but have been told not to leave the country. In the United States, Donald Trump says the blame for violence at his rallies lies with thugs, not his heated rhetoric. Republican has held another rally in the crucial state of Ohio that will be one of five large States holding Wednesday.
make-or-break primaries on were
Wednesday. Security services were taking no chances after yesterday's breach. Supporters in the crowd were looking ahead but he is more focussed on his Republican rivals. I have one question. On what day in office will you put Hillary in prison? We haven't even started on her yet. We have to finish off the deck. We have to finish off the deck. Donald Trump's lead for the Party's nomination is narrowing after Ted Cruz's win in Wyoming and Marco Rubio's victory in Washington DC at the weekend. Massive demonstrations around Brazil have demanded the country's president Dilma Roussef step aside. Hundreds of thousands of people have taken to the streets in several cities angry about a growing corruption scandal and one of the worst recessions in decades. Mary Gearin reports from one of the largest protests in Rio. The famed beach of Copacabana is a place of protest, impassioned protest and a large one. There are people as far as the eye can see all demanding the This
impeachment of Dilma Roussef. This is after many months of a corruption scandal involving oil company giant Petrobras. The scandal has claimed the scalp of senior executives and gained former President Luis da Silva being arrested with hiding assets and forgery. It has galvanised people here. People are sick of the scandal. They want the whole thing to be resolved. It is nothing that will be resolved quickly. Even if impeachment happened tomorrow of the current President, it would drag on and on. In the last one or more years, it has broken down or country. We are here to say no to the corruption. We are here to say it's enough, it's enough. We are full from here. Of course, this is also with the Olympics just less than five months away, this is in the background of all of that. This is the context to Brazil that's welcoming the world on to its shores for the Olympics, an economic crisis and this political dissent. Stay with us, we will look at the markets next. Coming up in sport, the Melbourne Storm remain unbeaten at the top of the NRL ladder with their second win in a row over the Titans. Finance news here, here is Sue Lannin. The Bank of Queensland is facing a class action? Yes. We have seen a Sydney law firm file a class action lawsuit against the Bank of Queensland over a financial scam. The firm says around 350 investors lost more than $60 million because of a scam organised by banned financial advicer Bradley Thomas Sherman. He used deposit accounts with the Bank of Queensland to make transactions using client money. Mr Sherman was charged with fraud by ASIC. ASIC wrote to his former clients to warn them on the processing of on accounts. . Telstra have failed to come to agreement on a new deal in the Philippines. Telstra told the stock market the two firms failed to reach agreement on the commercial terms for a joint venture. Telstra says it will continue to chase growth opportunities in Asia. Last year Telstra says it made invest up to US$1 billion in the joint venture with Sam Miguel.A rally on the local share market? Yes, investors realised they are happy about last week's stimulus measures from the European Central Bank. At midday, the Australian market has put on near ly 1%.

Domestic violence charges rugby
against the high-profile former rugby league player Hazem El Masri has been withdrawn. The former Canterbury Bulldogs star had been accused of assaulting his second wife last October. Police say, as a result of an investigation, they have withdrawn the charges and the matter would not proceed. he
Outside court Mr El Masri said he was pleased with the outcome and says he always had confidence in the justice system. The truth just prevailed. I want to urge every lady, man, child, any person out there that is subjected to any domestic violence to make sure they report it. The justice system is there to protect us. I have a lot of people to thank, my supporters, fans, my family in particular, my siblings. I would like to thank my ex-wife for being courageous to stand up for the truth. My kids, they endured a lot of heartache because of this. My heart goes out to them. More sports news first of
now with Mark Douglass. NRL first of all. The Storm overcame the loss of Billy Slater last night. Yes, concern for them. He didn't start the game. Billy Slater played last weekend, came back from a shoulder injury in round 10 last year and he has to have surgery again on that shoulder. He was missing last night. We don't know when he'll be back. The Titans took advantage of I guess disappointment early in the match, they scored a couple of early tries but the Storm have a player in Cameron Munster who is filling the role of Billy Slater very well. Another Queenslander. He was very good for them again last night so they may not miss Billy Slater as much this year as perhaps people think. Billy Slater may be back sooner rather than later. The Storm were too good for the Titans who are expected to struggle this year, they've lost a host of players. The Storm have great players coming through the ranks and great experienced players, you expect they'll be there when the dogs are barking at the end of the season. There was a hat-trick in the final hit-out before the World Twenty20 Cup. The minnows are playing, the big guns don't come out until later this week. West Indies
Australia played against the West Indies last night. Josh Hazelwood, the fast bowler for Australia, took 3/13 from his four overs. All three wickets in three balls. This is the hat hat-trick. He dismissed the middle order of the West Indies, Holder, Samuels and Bravo. You don't see a lot of fuss from Josh Hazelwood, pretty happy but no grand celebrations because he is not even sure this is enough to get him in the starting line-up for the first match against New Zealand on Friday. I think I did as well as I could have. A couple of our guys didn't bowl in the match, a couple of quicks, who did well in South Africa. Plenty of competition for every spot see what happens on Friday. Got their 11 in the back of their mind but every time you get an opportunity to perform such as tonight, take with
it with both hands. I'm happy with how I went. Self-effacing young man. Indeed he is. The Wanderers are back on top of the A-League. The Wanderers were a bit scrappy in the match they were expected to win late yesterday and were able to find a win. The Wanderers are back at the top of the table equal with the Roar. The Roar had a 5-nil demolition of Melbourne Victory. Jamie Maclaren, the young striker for the Brisbane Roar and a rising star in Australian football, was tremendous. He scored a hat-trick in this match. It was a statement game for the Brisbane Roar. A team that lost to Melbourne Victory 4-1 only about a month and a half ago so they certainly turned that performance around. They're looking very good now. Each week we go by, another FA
team raises its head. This is FA Cup action from this morning. Watford with a big victory over Arsenal, dumping Arsenal out of the competition. A cracking shot there, one of the goals of the weekend. Arsenal disappointing in that one . Elton John will be happy with that. Indeed.Thanks. Thanks, Ros. A quick look at the national weather now:

Stay with us, coming later in the program, appearances can be deceiving. We look at how people who look thin can actually be more at risk of premature death than an obese person. A reminder of the top stories - a car bomb has killed at least 34 people and wounded 125 at a crowded transport hub in Turkey's capital Ankara. The blast sent burning debris showering down over an area near Turkey's military headquarters and Parliament. The Foreign Minister Julie Bishop says Australia's Ambassador James Larson narrowly escaped the explosion. At least 16 people are dead after a mass shooting at a resort town in the Ivory Coast. Security forces stormed the area and say they've killed the six attackers. A local affiliate of al-Qaeda has since claimed responsibility for the Barnaby
attack. Deputy Prime Minister Barnaby Joyce has declared himself the underdog in this year's election battle against former Independent MP Tony Windsor. A poll published by the 'Australian' newspaper puts Mr Joyce four points behind on a two-party preferred basis in the NSW seat of New England. Tens of thousands of people have flocked to Melbourne for the Moomba parade. Melbourne Cup-winning jockey Michelle Payne and her brother Stevie were a popular choice as Moomba Stephen
monarchs. Former Federal MP Stephen Smith says he will challenge Mark McGowan for the leadership of the Labor Party in WA if he is asked to. Stephen Smith ended days of speculation last night by announcing he was prepared to lead the party to the 2017 Rebecca Carmody.
State election. Here is Rebecca Carmody. Rebecca, tell us more about what Stephen Smith has said. It's moving along at a very rapid pace. Yesterday he came out and said "Yes, I'm interested, I want Mark
this job". The reaction from Mark McGowan, the Labor leader, was swift. He called on him to back off and he was supported by senior MPs. They have accused him of being disloyal and of being a Canberra wrecker. Today Stephen Smith has done anything but back off. He's actually done the opposite. He's had a media blitz like nothing else. He has been up at 4a.m. local time conducting interviews. He says he's not disloyal. He hasn't been undermining anyone but he is simply reacting to approaches he's had over a that
number of years but he says that was building up towards the end of last year. He's responding to the view Mark McGowan can't win but that he can. Here is a little of what he had to say earlier today. The view that was put to me was "We're desperately worried about winning and we want you to consider your obligations to the State, the community, and the party". That's what I did. After a lot of soul searching, when I had come to a final conclusion, I issued a statement which Mark had invited me to make, I issued a statement on Saturday afternoon and made my first public remarks on Sunday. How much support does Stephen Smith have within the Labor Party? It's hard to say at this stage but if you've been observing Stephen Smith over the years, you would know he doesn't do anything - he is a very politically astute operator - unless he knows he is going to be successful. That has some Labor MPs worried. There is a shadow Cabinet meeting this morning. Some MPs have come in and said they support the leader which is all very vague and others have come out and called him a wrecker and they've said he is undermining the leader and "We want you to go away". That support will be tested in caucus tomorrow. Today Stephen Smith - he was equifl yesterday about how long he would be on standby and available to be drafted but this morning he has said if a motion goes through caucus tomorrow re-affirming support for Mark McGowan, he has said he will respect that decision and won't undermine in future. Thanks Rebecca. French investigators have called for doctors to be allowed to break patient confidentiality if a pilot's mental health could put the public at risk. They've released a report into last year's Germanwings disaster when pilot Andreas Lubitz crashed a passenger jet into the French Alps killing all 150 people on board. It is understood Lubitz was urged by a doctor to visit a psychiatric hospital weeks before the incident but his employer was never alerted. Every life that ended here began with one locked door. The last deadly claim of privacy for a man in the grip of mental illness. After locking his fellow pilot out of the cockpit, Andreas Lubitz aimed the plane he was flying directly into a remote part of the French Alps killing all 150 people on board. "In the face of all that can't be changed, investigators today focused on what can. TRANSLATION: Our first recommendation is a balance between medical secrets, confidentiality and public safety. We want clear rules to require healthcare providers to inform the authorities when a specific patient's health is very likely to impact public safety. Andreas Lubitz had battled depression for years and had seen several psychiatric doctors in the weeks before the crash, one of whom had recommended he be treated in psychiatric hospital. Information that wasn't passed to his employer. By the time Mr Lubitz sat behind the controls a year ago, it was too late. The cockpit voice recorder registered only his level breathing in between there was
loud banging on the door. But there was no way in. Doors that had been strengthened in the wake of 9/11 against hijacking by passengers now proved fatal when the threat was the pilot himself. To this investigators said there was no easy answer. But relatives of those who died have expressed their disappointment with the report.Almost everybody completely unsatisfied with the answers that were given and provided. Most of the people who were present didn't understand the reasons given and didn't accept them. A year ago, one young co-pilot spread pain across Europe. The question of who could have stopped him will haunt it for a long while to come. Is obesity always as bad for you as the experts say? There is an beast obesity paradox, where in some circumstances people who have a high body mass index may do better than people who appear to be thin. The answer, according to a new study, may have beeg to do with your body fat. Norman Swan is here to explain. Another story that confuses it.BMI. It is your weight in kilos divided by height in metres squared. People like to think it is the easiest way to determine risk, except it doesn't work that way. If you spend your weekends watching rugby league, they all have very high BMIs but don't have much body fat. If you have a lot of muscle on board, your BMI can go up. It is not necessarily a great measure of how well you do. The studies for
of people with heart failure, for example, people with a higher BMI, if you have heart failure, your heart muscles are not working very well, you do better if your BMI is a bit have
higher than a bit lower. There have been studies showing if people in middle age have a slightly higher BMI they tend to live longer than those with lower BMI, it is a very confusing study. What did the study look at? It was done in more
Canada. They had records of more than 50,000 people who had DEXA scans. DEXA scans are done on post menopause al women to see whether or not they've got osteo pros sis. It is not just good at seeing what your bones are like, it can tell what your fat and tissue is looking at. They linked the records of these people to other things - what age they died at, whether they had diabetes and all sorts of other information about them as well and followed them through to see what influence BMI, body fat, muscle tissue had on their risks of dying prematurely. What did they find? What they found was that the highest risk of - we are all going to die but premature death - the highest risk of early death was in people with a low BMI and a high body fat. That sounds weird. How can it be like that? Well, for example, people who are ethnically Indian from the subcontinent, their normal BMI is down in the low 20s because they can look quite thin but have a lot of fat around their tummy so a little pot belly, you can be thin, have a little pot belly which hides dangerous fat around your belly. Coming back to the muscle story, people with low BMI may have not very much muscle tissue. Muscle tissue is protective. It gets your insulin levels down, insulin - high insulin levels which keep blood sugar down also promote cancer. It is related to heart disease. If you get a low BMI because you haven't been exercising a lot and your muscle tissue is down and high body fat content, that is a pretty toxic message. What's the story with high BMI in this study? High BMI, if ffs associated with a lot of body fat, was associated with high risk but not as much as low BMI - not much muscle on board and a lot of body fat. mass index.
Don't be deluded by the body mass index. You have to look at the total picture. What's the take-home message? Know your waist circumference whether you are a man or woman. If that's going up, you should be aware of that, that's not good for you. You need to strengthen your muscles. Everybody needs muscle strengthening as well as aerobic exercise and keep your body fat down. Looking more at good fat? Brown fat, the stuff that sits around your shoulder blades, is generated by cold and metabolises sugar, fascinating research into what body fat does in your body and how you may be able to reduce it. Thanks for explaining it. Advertising executive Aminah Hart always wanted to be a mother but no-one expected the back to front romance that made it happen. After losing two babies she turned to IVF and an anonymous sperm donor and gave birth to a healthy baby girl. Her story is this week's 'Australian Story'. It takes the romance out of it a bit when you decide to take on donor sperm to try and have a baby. I got three profiles of donors sent to me and, yeah, it's three bits of paper. The date
first one is vital statistics - date of birth, height, build, hair colour, eye colour. Then it gives you medical history, genetic history. That's kind of it. You are making a choice on who the father might be. One of them stood out to me. He said that he was happy and he
that he was hard-working, that he was down to earth and it said he had four healthy children. So I thought sdwt happy and healthy", they are to things that have eluded me. He was a farmer. I just thought salt of the earth Aussie male. That was kind of it. There's not much more to go on, really, (Laughter). There really isn't. So I locked it in. Booked a date for the clinic. Australia's memory bank is on the move. The National Archives has more than 15 million items in its Canberra warehouse including the early documents of Federation and sensitive classified material. But space is running out and soon the delicate operation of moving it all to a new home just up the road will begin. It's gigantic, not all that pretty and looms large on Canberra's outskirts but it's an expensive purpose-built facility designed to house more than a century of Australian history. Taking the past into the present and providing it as National Archives
a gift to the future. The National Archives records and preserves the articles of Australian government. It's a big job. The archiving currently hold more than 15 million items in Canberra alone with separate stores in capital cities nationwide. In Canberra, the job is getting a bit too big. We are running out of space and getting a bit old here. The technology, the facility - the building was state-of-the-art when it was first constructed but this was many decades ago. These records deserve state-of-the-art facility. That facility is on the way. $64 million is being spent constructing and fitting out a new storage building just up the road in Mitchell. It's not your average warehouse and these aren't your average huge concrete walls. The key thing with the building is the fabric itself is doing most of the work rather than just airconditioning running 24/7. Temperature is a critical factor in preserving the documents within and the walls, insulation and other design features will hopefully do most of that work but they aren't the most expensive feature. Overall the project design and construction is $64 million. The majority is made up of shelves rather than the normal fit-out you'd have an in office building. All up the new building will hold over 100km of shelving but the archives aren't all paper documents. These paintings depict the landscape upon which Canberra was built.The original water colours were used to make a cyclorama print. It literally made a 360 degree view of the Canberra site. Elsewhere work is under way to preserve the purple two-piece suit worn by Quentin Bryce
the former Governor-General Quentin Bryce in her official portrait. We do take personal records from significant Australians. So Quentin was gracious enough to give this to us and it's part of our history. These pages tell a far darker story. It is a record of births, deaths and marriages from Pitcairn Island in the late 19th century Bounty
detailing what became of the Bounty mutineers. The paper and ink is a direct link with an extraordinary chapter of Australian history and not easily preserved. It is painstaking. We are having to take off old repairs that have been done in the past, not as sympathetically as we wished. There are millions of documents but physical paper documents are being replaced with electronic records and the archives need to keep up with the times.The information business is changing radically so we need new facilities to enable us to digitise these records, to make that information available and useable to the Australian people. The keys to the new building will be handed over in November with a move to be complete by June next year. Eight busy moont moonts of work to record the work of Australia and its people. Coming up next - 40 shades of green come to London as the city is transformed for an early celebration of St Patrick's Day. Let's look at the latest market figures first:

House prices are never far from the news. The property market is always closely monitor ed by economists and consumers alike. One fund manager is predicting a definite fall if house prices saying the market is caught between a rock and hard place. That fund manager is Roger Montgomery Montgomery Investment Management. What is has been
behind your prediction? There has been a lot of debate. Some of my peers have been putting out sensationalist forecasts of 40% fall in property prices and 80% fall in the share prices for banks. We have looked at the statistics. All that matters is demand and supply. Demand is represented by household formation and supply represented by either commencements or approvals and so on. When we look at household formation, it's fairly steady, it increases by 1.2 or 1.5% per year. At the moment, it is about 130-145,000 household formations that occur. That's your demand. If we look at approvals, what we find is we are actually exceeding that by about 90,000 a year. We have been exceeding that by 90,000 a year for about four years. We know we have an over-supply. That amounts to something like 2.5 years or thereabouts. But of course approvals aren't always commenced. So you have approvals but don't always have commencements so when we look at commencements, what we find is we're also in oversupply and producing something like 188,000 uniting or dwelling s every year. We are exceeding by about 40,000. Again we have oversupply. What does this mean? It means one of two things. We will have lower prices or we will have a slump in construction. One of those two things is going to happen over something like the next 12 or 24 months and neither of them are good for property prices, one directly because of the oversupply and one indirectly because of construction slump. It means job losses can't meet their mortgages and that could have pressure on house prices indirectly.What sort of decline do you anticipate it
seeing? It is hard to predict, it is almost like asking what day will it start. We already know investment loan demand has slumped by 15% or 14.6% year-on-year. We know demand is declining substantially. How that translates to prices depends on a bunch of factors but it is safe to guess at least 10% and probably going to be a bit more than that. Would the
we see this happening across the country? Absolutely. It is happening in some of the mining States, Perth. The period of time it takes to sell a property is much longer. Vendors aren't willing to meet the new market. They are still looking at the past and wanting old prices that don't exist anymore. How should investors react? I think if they are thinking about buying a property right now, they should see an adviser but it is perhaps not the best time. It might make more sense to wait. Roger Montgomery, good to see you. A pleasure. Two Adelaide brothers whose videos have been watched online by millions of viewers have secured Screen Australia funding to develop a feature film. The Philippou brothers have joined forces to make a smooth transition from the small to big screen. It was a three-minute film. The Potter v Star
Philippou brothers spoof 'Harry Potter v Star Wars' has had more than 20 million hits. Luke, use the force, Luke. Harry, you father said you're fighting like a pussy.It was the big breakthrough that came after honing their craft since they were nine. The twins, family and their friends have been hit by cars and fallen through ceilings and walls mostly in their family's Pooraka house with Michael, the self-appointed main stuntman. A little more physical. I have to edit, Michael has no skills except for jumping through walls. He's really stupid. It's fun. They've become so big, the self-named Racka Racka boys have produced overseas commercials and are big in Europe and the US. Being YouTube stars is a good money maker, too, and the Philippous have contracts with the likes of Google. I'm more reluctant to make money to begin with. We purposely didn't put ads on. It got to the point where we had to do it.We thought "Let's sell out". Who's got the most money? What company can give the most money? . You bid them off against each other.Yeah and then say no anyway. The brothers are trying to convert their success to a big screen.Doing three minutes is one thing but 90 minute feature -It is a very different beast. Guiding them through it is experienced movie producer Julie Byrne.Very important to harness their energy, mould it into something that is palatable and acceptable to a broader audience and but not lose - their very special voice. 'Concrete Kings' is loosely based on their life story and has attracted Screen Australia funding. It may keep them based in Adelaide. We have management in La but everything is false. Pooraka is our home, our friends and family are here but we'll be moving soon. I can fly, baby. 'Concrete
I can fly! It is hoped 'Concrete Kings' will start shooting next year. London has been transformed into a sea of green as the city marks an early celebration for St Patrick's Bay. Organisers say more than 100,000 people took to the streets to mark the day of appreciation for all things Irish. Official celebrations in London are now in their 15th year and judging by the crowds, the partying will continue for many years to come. Let's look at the Vanessa O'Hanlon.
national weather now, here is Vanessa O'Hanlon. Cloud has returned to the northern parts of the country with the monsoon trough finally re-appearing. A low around the Gulf of Carpentaria and one out to the Coral Sea. This one creating heavy rainfalls around that band of cloud we can see throughout northern Queensland and into the eastern areas of the Northern Territory. Another trough coming down from the north-west. This is starting to cause some showers and thunderstorms around areas of NSW but we have a band of cloud causing heavy rainfalls over SA. Low-pressure trough coming down from the north creating very warm conditions around Perth today with a top of 40 degrees. There is a cold front pushing over Tasmania.

Tomorrow we'll continue to see the heavy rainfalls around the Gulf of Carpentaria
tropics, especially the Gulf Gulf of Carpentaria into the eastern areas of the Top End. West Coast
Thunderstorms returning to WA's West Coast with the trough starting to make its way inland creating heat as well and more showery weather over NSW with that high-pressure system feeding some moisture into a trough.

That's ABC News for now. The next full bulletin on ABC TV is at 5p.m.. I'm Ros Childs. Thanks for watching.