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... an indication of the sheer scale of the terrorist threat these countries are facing.The former prime minister Tony Abbott has suggested that Australian Special Forces troops could be deployed on the ground in Syria.But the Air Force Chief says he doesn't expect Australia's military involvement nlt Middle East to expand in light of the Paris attacks. So the task we were given a year or so ago, just over a year ago, what was to be able to provide an enduring and the numbers were never made exact from my appreciation, but it was around you need to be prepared to be there for a couple or three years. In doing so, we needed what - we looked a what we needed to provide to the coalition and the balance we have there at the moment is about right. The ability for us to fly a few more hours, fly a few more sort Is is certainly there, but tet moment the conversation I'm having and the appreciation of our effect in the theatre is about right. We might, as I said, increase some of the flying hours, we might increase the number of weapons we drop if that dimension of targeting becomes a little more robust, but in broad terms, not much change in the near future.The fact of a man accused of a fatal stabbing on the Gold Coast has surged - has urged his son to tell the truth in court. 16-year-old Michael Brack died from his wounds after stumbling to nearby homes for help. 23-year-old Ryan House was charged yesterday after police found him hiding in the roof of a Bundall home. His father requested his son tell the truth and also asked for medication.Designed to introduce higher median terms of murder and other serious offences. Karen Percy explains.The Full Bench of Victoria's court of appeal has issued a very strong rebuke to this legislation saying, "The defect in the legislation is incurable." Four out of five justices essentially saying that the law is unworkable.It came into effect a year ago and affects seven separate offences, four of them related to child sex offences, as well as murder, culpable driving causing death and drug trafficking.This case was brought about by the Victorian Department of Public prosequises after July when a Melbourne man pleaded guilty to two counts of incest and was given a sentence of 6 years and 8 months. Now, the new median or baseline sentence for incest is 10 years and the Department of Public prosecutions thought that 6 years and 8 months was manifestly inadequate.A hearing a while ago judges thought it was difficult because they had to weigh up the statistics of median sentence, a mid set in a set-of-numbers.The current Victorian Government says this is a mess that was created by the previous Liberal National Government but as yet it is unclear what it might do, whether it will re-write the legislation or drop it altogether.Hundreds of worker s at the looed Creek mine in SA's north are clocking off for the final time this afternoon.The mine closes a century of operation.Reporter Nicholas Gauge is there.Workers have driven into the coalmine here at Lee Creek for their final shift today. It closes a chapter in history which has spanned more than a century and it is sure to be an emotional day for workers. That's because Lee Creek has never been a mine which depended on fly-in fly-out workers B 450 people live here, many of them grew up here. Tomorrow a big number of them will be unemployed and they are facing an uncertain future.Many of them say they will stay here until they find another job, but where that work will be remains unclear.It is sad, I've been here quite a long time, there is a lot of history.I've been with the organisation 27 years, up here for 21. So, yeah, sad day. I came here as a 12-year-old kid in 1979. Lived out here in the old town, saw this town get built, saw all the changes.While hundreds of residents will still be here tomorrow with no jobs to go to, there is no rush to leave. They will be able to continue leasing their homes for another year and services including the school and hospital will remain until 2018. Beyond that, no decisions have been made. Turning overseas and Republican presidential candidate Donald Trump says he is now more against allowing Syrian refugees into the US than ever before. He was speaking at a rally in Tennessee and Mr Trump drew parallels between the terrorist attacks and the growing asylum seeker crisis. He warned that it could be a way for terrorists to sneak into countries like the US. We have no documentation on these people and I said, you probably saw a couple of weeks ago, I'm looking at this migration and it is a terrible think, I have a fre heart, I want to take care of people, but I look at this migration. I said they seem like so many men, powerful looking guys. I said why aren't they back fighting for their country, and then I said is this the pro January horse? We all know the story of the pro January horse. Now we look at what is happening in Germany. I used to be a big fan of Mer sell, a great leader, but what she did was a disgrace.Trump says his position is only strengthened after it was revealed that at least one of the Paris terror suspects entered Europe with refugees.Doctors in New York are heralding a new era in face transplant surgery after giving a badly disfigured firefighter a new scalp, ears and his
eyelids.Patrick Hardison had his face burnt off during a home fire 14 years ago.He is now the recipient of one of the world's most extensionive face transplants.He was given the face of a 26-year-old man left brain dead after a cycling accident. The 150-strong medical team practised for a year before undertaking what was a 26-hour operation. Incredible!.Time to check in with what's trending online. Here is Matt Cargill with News Exchange.A policy shift by NSW police is generating plenty of attention as officers are trained to shoot armed extremists on sight. It is a change from the contain-and-negotiate approach. Senior police say recent terrorist attacks have prompted the rethink.If police see evidence of people being killed, this he have to act.We are simply trying to equip them so they can react in a better way.The armed offender training is based o on a US model. FBI-trained instructors have advised local officers.Well, let us know your thoughts on this. Go et in touch on Twitter. In Paris, the Eiffel Tower has been lit up in the colours of the French flag. It is a mark of respect to the victims of Friday's attacks. On the streets of the capital, people are returning to cafes, bars and bistros and sharing photos. They are using a hashtag, translated it reads, "I am on the terrace." The phrase picks up on the city's outdoor culture. Astronauts on the International Space Station have paused in honour of the victims of the Paris attacks. We stand with the people around the world to fight against what is right against terrorism and for all of our common good.Thank you.NASA teams around the world also observed the silent tribute. Hackers have issued a warning to the Islamic State Group following the events in Paris. There was this tweet: A video has also surfaced linked to the international network of cyber attackers. It features a man wearing a Guy Fawkes mask. He labels the militants behind the coordinated attacks in Paris as ver mon and that they would be hunted down. 9 collective claims to have identified almost 40,000 IS profiles and reported this emto Twitter with 25,000 accounts suspended.A Brisbane woman continues to attract interest after her FaceBook plea for parents to vaccinate their children. Her 4-month-old son Austin has whooping cough.That video has had close to a million views since it was uploaded on Saturday, and another post she says she was overwhelmed with messages of support from strangers and friends but notes some anti-vaxxers seem to feel they can say and share whatever they want. Today, another update. Eurovision is generating buzz. Organisers have announced Australia will compete in the semifinals of the song contest next year. Here is what is being searched on Google across Australia. Now to some other items across the social web.

The G20 has drawn to a close. On FaceBook, the PM Malcolm Turnbull says it concluded with a renewed commitment to economic growth and the policies that will secure it. Three cats stole the limelight at the talks. The felines ventured onto the stage moments before the leaders of the world's major economies were due to appear. On Twitter, users suggested the cats had been brought in as extra security. The about. About. C's Duncan Stone went as far as saying the US and Russian presidents were upstaged by the strays. Scott and Kumi, they appeared much to the bemusement of the 'Media Watch'ing on.Which might tell you something about the interest levels at the G20, maybe.True Thanks so much, Matt. More from Matt and News Exchange at 5.15 AEDT.The top stories, investigators are searching for a 29-year-old Belgian man suss spented to be behind the Paris attacks.Boots on the ground in Syria and Iraq in the wake of the attacks in French capital.Police in NSW are being trained to shoot armed extremists on site rather than negotiate with them.The Southern Hemisphere's first immersive virtual reality lab has been unveiled and it is being used to teach midwifery students to how to deliver a baby.What was that thing again?You will learn.Cameron will explain.Here is Cameron The Best Man to give it a test drive. Here is Cameron Best to give it a test drive.Lukely I can practice in this virtual reality lab, at Deakin University in Geelong, the first of its kind in the Southern Hemisphere and basically these walls which are projection screens, projecting a 3D image, and all controlled by these glasses. I can also get forced feedback or happen ticks involved as well so I can be really immersed in the entire scenario. So midwifery students can be placed in this situation and they can be in this entire environment, learning as they go, and they can be given a whole range of scenarios, whether the power might go off in the room or some of the equipment may not work, or how to deal with ina tentive or a nervous partner.Here we have a full-scale cave where a person can interact with a full-scale immersive environment, but we can take that technology, portable technology, so it can be taken to a university or regional area that may not have access to such a facility.It is the centrepiece at Deakin University in the Centre for engineering design and training, which has just opened. It is to get students job-ready for the jobs of today and also for the jobs of the future.Here is the Vice-Chancellor.We need the learning skills and operating skills for the next five years, but we need to build xasty to understand the problems you will be solving in big, big business and small to medium enterprise for 15 years' time, and they need to understand those things, so understanding how you take low voltage and upscale it very request ikly and safely to high voltage at effective cost, and effective cost is a very, very significant thing to be doing now for the industry of the future.Likewise, 3D printing.3D printing is the advanced manufacturing of the future.That is how we will make things, it is how we will replace body part rs, how we will make very complex things.So with a bit more training I will be able to abandon my career in TV journalism and head straight into the birthing suite. How are you going, loveGood on you, Cameron.Lee and Shannon Hope have been found guilty of giving cobalt to three horses last year.Lee Hope was suspended for 3 years while his son Shannon will serve a 5-year ban after both pleading guilty to giving the banned substance. The length of the bans could have rmifications for some of the country's highest profile trainers. Reporter Ben Lisson.Lee and Shannon Hope had been found guilty last week of administering cobalt last year for the purposes of manipulating race ruts.The Hopes had argued last week that they deserved a fine instead of suspension rs because they had been given steward s information in their investigationThe but the board said they did not constitute special circumstances and therefore the two were hit with 3 and 5-year bans respectively, Lee with 3 and Shannon with 5.Lee was considered less morally cup pabl in the case.This case has particular implications for three high-profile trainers, Mark Kavanagh, Peter Moody and Danny O'Brien who are also facing similar co-bat charges in Victoria in coming weeks.Ben Lisson there. And now on other aspects, many other as pets of sport, it is good afternoon to Niav Owens. HelloHello.Mitchell Johnson in but a few hour also be hanging up the boots. Is that what you call them in cricketPutting away the willow.What do you call it? He is retiring.Mitchell Johnson is retiring later today from international cricketHe certainly isHe is out in the middle at the moment, he is lunch at the moment, but out in the middle on 20 not out, so at least getting a bat on his final day of international cricket.It remains to be seen whether he will get a bowl as wellAt lunch Australia is 5/331, giving us a lead of 256 and the final day's play so heading towards a draw at this stageWe will wait to see if that declaration comes from Steve Smith shortly. Adam Voges out a short time ago for 119, his First Test century on Australian soil, a terrific performance from him and we know how much he loves playing at the WACA.Peter Nevill at the crease on 22 not out and Mitchell Johnson on 20 not out and received a lovely standing ovation was from the crowd as he took to the field today and then the guard of honour from the Black Caps who have shown such tremendous sportsmanship throughout.They always do.They always do, incredible to see, and especially considering for years he has absolutely terrorised them with the ball.This was a little bit earlier in the day.Very cute manyWe heard from Mitchell Johnson himself it would be his last day of international cricket.He retires as the fourth highest Test wicket taker for Australia ever with 311 Test wickets.He is behind only the likes of Lillee, McGrath and Warne. Not bad names to be etched in history behind.Not bad names.73 Tests, 311 wickets and pretty hand I why the Willow as well123 is his highest score in Test cricketHe scored 73 in the ODIs as well, a terrific career from the 34-year-old and, as we've said, this will be his last dayWe will see if he go ets to take a couple of final wits before the end of the day's play.Good on him. Niav, a changing of the guard at the top of the FFA. What's going on there?Frank Lowy is retiring as well, although slightly older you would have to say than Mitchell Johnson.The 85-year-old has announced he will step down as chairman of the FFA and there was a gala dinner at Sydney Olympic Stadium last night, celebrating his chairmanship and also that 10-year anniversary of qualification for the World Cup and it has been a pretty incredible period of change for Frank Lowy at the head of the gameThe A-League was born, we had a move away from the factions of the NSL , really accepted into Asia and the Asian Football Confederation and we saw the Asian Cup victory and how much that meant to everyone this year and we talked about the qualification of the Cup for the first time in 32 years and John Aloisi who was the star that day paid tribute to Frank Lowy. To qualify for the World Cup was important, we knew it was posh that we had to qualify, to get the game going again, and then A-League started around that period, moving into Asia confederation, it was around that era, so it all aligned pretty well, and since then the game has grown enormously.John Aloisi there. Kumi, we'll chat tennis next hour with Rafael Nadal having a win overnightSo we should. That is worth discussing. Rafael Nadal had a win.So awful I'm cutting Scott off and going straight to Graham Creed.What's going on with the weather.Hot conditions about parts of the country at the moment and starting to see fire weather warnings being issued for tomorrow. For tomorrow the northern Riverina district in NSW, a total fire ban has been issued for you. Hottest conditions at the moment. Nullarbor sitting around about 42 degrees, so still some hot air sitting through the central areas of the continent and they will creep further east over the next day or two, so we are looking at warm conditions, but not that unusual for late spring, probably a little bit more typical run of early summer temperatures, but we are almost in summer, so the expectation is we will start to see this heat begin to build, particularly while we are in an El Nino weather pattern add the worst of the heat will be up across the north, not as far as the highest temperatures, but the most oppressive of heat this year. Particularly for Darwin. 35 degrees forecast for at least the next 7 days and through the inland areas. The heat moving into the north-west of Victoria, a little bit milder along the coastal fringe. Really the more inland areas likely to see the hottest of the conditions. A few showers about the west and south of Tasmania, much milder temperatures for you and also beginning to cool down through the west, particularly through the south western parts. Looking at the potential of showers about the west and south coast of the South West Land Division, perhaps one or two of those for Perth. A band of thundery conditions through the Kimberley, Pilbara, Gascoyne and Pilbara. Likely to see fiergt weather warnings and fire bans re-issued and even re-issued for Victoria.Coming up, French investigators name the suspected mastermind behind the Paris terror attacks.Plus we will be hearing more about the FBI-style training which is being given to police officers in NSW. Do stay with us. This program is not captioned. Hello and welcome to Afternoons. I'm scort BevanAnd I'm Kumi Taguchi. Top story today - French police launch a manhunt for the suspected mastermind behind the Paris terror attacks. TRANSLATION: Our enemy in Syria is ISIt is not a matter of containing but destroying this organisation. This Program is Captioned Live by CSI Australia Also ahead, Australia rules out sending ground troops to Syria despite a suggestion by a former prime ministerAustralia plays by the rules and we are not going to expose our soldiers.The new Australian police response to dealing with armed extremists amid fears of further attacks.And calling it a day. Australian fast bowler Mitchell Johnson retires from international cricket.Good afternoon, thanks for your company.French investigators are hunting the suspected mastermind behind the deadly Paris terror attacks.The 27-year-old Belgian man has been named as Abdel-Hamid Abaaoud and is believed to be the brains behind several planned attacks in Europe.French President Francois Hollande has vowed to destroy the Islamic State Group and is preparing to introduce a raft of new measures to prevent further attacks.Belgian police surrounded an apartment building in Molenbeek but the man they were after proved elusive.Police believe Salah Abdeslam was directly involved in the attacks. One brother, a suicide bomber. Another brother home with their parents. TRANSLATION: We are thinking of the victims and their families, but you have to understand that we have a mum, a family, and above all he is still her son.He says they haven't heard from their relative on the run. TRANSLATION: My family and I are very moved by what's happened.We found out about it from the television, as many of you did, and we never thought that one of my brothers could be linked to this attack.Neighbours, too, expressed shock.I am really shocked that he is implicated in something like that because he was really, you can say not really Islamist type of guy.Another man from Molenbeek, 27-year-old Abdel-Hamid Abaaoud is thought to have planned the coordinated attacks from Syria.He is believed to be behind the thwarted gun attack on a high-speed train to Paris earlier this year.While police were hunting the perpetrators, the President was going after a bigger target. TRANSLATION: Our enemy in Syria is IS.It is not a matter of containing but of destroying this organisation.He called an extraordinary meeting of France's Congress at the Cy to outline extraordinary measures, to extend the state of emergency for three months and to strip French-born terrorists of their citizenship TRANSLATION: I honestly believe we need to update our Constitution to allow the authorities to act within the law against the terrorism of war.The President's mission received the backing of the US.This is an assault, not just on France, but coming on the heels of brutal attacks in Lebanon, Iraq and elsewhere, it is an assault on our collective sense of reason and purpose.And attack on civility itself.But France is yet to finish mourning. Today a minute's silence. (Sings national anthem?. (At the S i, and around France, a moment for reflection and solidarity.(Sings national anthem) Australia stands with France at this most difficult time.Terrorism has no place in a civilised society, and we cannot allow the terror itions to win.Blue, white and red, shining through the darkness. The Foreign Minister Julie Bishop has repudiated Tony Abbott's suggestion that Australia consider deploying ground troops to fight Islamic State fighters.The former prime minister's suggestion follows the Paris attacks and talks between world leaders at the G20 in Turkey.As commander-in-chief, Tony Abbott boosted our military's efforts against Islamic State in the Middle East.And Australian bombs were dropped over Syria for the first time just before he was felled as leader. Now about two months on, he says Australia should be prepared to do more.As Tony Abbott well knows, Australia does not act unilaterally. We have to have a legal basis under international law to send our force noose other countries. The solution to terrorism in the Middle East isn't going to be sending a whole lot of Australian soldiers to put their boots on the ground.Mr Bot Bo the has written a column arguing for Australian combat troops to operate in Syria and Iraq, saying this could involve the deployment of Special Forces on the ground in support of local forces.Australia plays by the rules and we are not going to expose our soldiers to international consequences should we be acting unilaterally. To puts on the ground, you've got to be able to understand what the shape of Victoriaty is, and in terms of Syria, we really have no idea what the shape of victory is.The former prime minister's call came as Barack Obama ruled out putting American boots on the ground.It is not just my view but the view of my closest military and civilian advisers that that would be a mistake.Talks between the US and Russia on the sidelines of the G20 have given Australia hope of an international coalition to tackle terrorism.Countries that we night not otherwise have an intelligence or security relationship with, the globe is forming a coalition against terrorism.Unlikely fellows fighting against an unprecedented threat. The head of Australia's financial intelligence agency has raiseded prospect of new laws to crack down on financing terrorism manyA summit in Sydney has heard around 190 people in Australia are supporting terrorism in the Middle East through financing and also recruitment.Reporter Nick Dole has more.This summit is about taking from terrorists one of the key weapons in their arsenal - money, it is about cutting off the flow of funds to terrorist groups so they can't carry out attacks, and also using financial intelligence to alert authorities about a potential terrorist attack. In Australia in the last financial year, 367 different transaction s that were identified as potentially being linked to terrorist activities, and a number of businesses have already been shut down in Australia because authorities suspect terrorists or sympathisers could use those businesses to send money overseas.Now, the Justice Minister Michael Keenan opened today's summit and he told delegates that the flow of cash to terrorist organisations can't be underestimated.It is extremely important to nip is in the bud. Terrorism financing not only funds individual attacks and operations, it can also help support other parts of the terrorist enterprise such as living expenses, travel or compensation for terrorist fighters. Cutting off the funds at the source can make a significant difference to national security in Australia, to the security of the region, and to the security of the globe.There are delegates from 18 different countries at today's summit, including the Indonesian presidential Chief of Staff. It has been organised by Austrak which is Australia's financial intelligence agency. It is its job to look out for suspect transactions. It is hard to pick them, but Austrak says they are looking out for the resipent, the location of the resipent, amounts of money being sent overseas. Increasingly Austrak says FaceBook and other social media has been used for crowdfunding for terrorist activities. The CEO says it this is all about increasing cooperation between nations so that they can see transactions that are suspicious as they occurOf we need to remember that terrorism financing provides a genuine opportunity through detection based on effective suspect and transaction profiling, effective information-sharing and close cooperation amongst partners we can and we will prevent terrorist attacks.At trosties we saw in Paris were not far from delegates' minds today. The French Consul-General was in attendance and there was a minute's silence for the have ik Tims who lost their lives in Paris. It was pointed o out today that in any terrorist attack, including that in Paris, there is almost always some sort of a financial trance sks which has allowed that attack to occur, and so delegates were told today that that's why it's just so important that financial intelligence is shared effectivelyNSW police are being trained to shoot armed extremists on sight in response to the recent terror attacks.This represents a change from the contain-and-negotiate policy which has been in place for two decades.Acting NSW Police Commissioner Nick Kaldas says the threat of terrorism requires swift and strong police tactics.For some time NSW police has been preparing a training program and implementing a training program in relation to preparing our very much our front line, general duties, first response police, to deal better with active armed offenders in a dynamic environment, such as we have seen lately, certainly in Paris, but also previous to that in Mumbai and other places; and particularly in the Middle East.That program also involve at least a couple of exercises and you may recall Exercise Black Angus in 2011 and Exercise Earnest Castle early whier this year. All were based on a dynamic moving environment with shooters moving around and needed to be dealt with containing them as quickly as possible. Part of that program involves a change if you like in our tactic from the previously widely adopted contain-and-negotiate effort, but I need to stress we are not doing away with contain and negotiate, and in fact in most case it is will be the way we deal with these sorts of incidents. Certainly in ones where we see a more serious matter where people's lives are being threatened as we speak, and perhaps being killed even, and that would be a terrorist incident, in those cases we certainly would have to look at it differently, would have to react differently and would have to move almost immediately.A number of bushfire warnings have been issued this afternoon across the country. In Victoria there is an emergency warning in place Forrest depths near Devon North in the State's south-east. That fire is burning 2km Wests of Beagly's Bridge. People are being advised to leave now before conditions become too dangerous.In SA, fire crews are battling four blazes, at wool shed Flat in the mid North, Mount Pleasant which is in the Adelaide Hills and two blazes that are on the Floriade Peninsula, those two are at Ashbourne and Cyeema. Water bombers are being deployed at Ky Iemma.Noffing to NSW, a total fire ban has been declared for the Riverina for tomorrow because of forecast hot and windy conditionsThese latest warnings come amid concerns about the approaching bushfire season.Joe Buffone says the season is head will be dry and very hot, but crews are prepared.It is looking to be a tough summer, absolutely no doubt about itEl Nino is positive and strong.The Southern Ocean and Indian Ocean dire poles are actually strong, so all of those indicators are very, very clear to us that we are in for a dry, hot summer and we are seeing those conditions play out today and tomorrow and Thursday manyThe fire season has come on a little bit earlier for in particular Victoria and the southern states, so a fair bit of preparedness has been done.All the emergency services and all the other agencies have been working together to prepare.The community is the focal point for us as well.We have fire restrictions that are in place two-thirds of Victorian's municipalities and that puts a whole range of arrangements in place and as you are aware, woo he have' had to declare total fire ban days for the Mallee and Wimmera today. So in relation to preparedness, there is a lot of work that is being done and we are as prepared as we can be at this point in time. A 23-year-old man has appeared in a Gold Coast court charged over the stabbing murder of a teenager. It is alleged that Ryan howls stabbed a 16-year-old boy in the chest on Saturday nightHe was arrested yesterday after being found hiding in a relative's roof on the Gold Coast.Michelle Rafferty has more.23-year-old Ryan howls seemed calm as he appeared in the dock at south ports Magistrates Court this morning. The 23-year-old has formally been charged with the murder of Michael Brack. Michael was found stumbling up a Bundall street on Saturday night, knocking on neighbours' houses for help after being stabbed at the nearby shops. Unfortunately he did die on bundle street. Back at Southport court, Ryan Howell did ask for his medication.He did seem to be doing it tough without the medication That's rightWhat sort of medication. I would rather not comment.His father speaking from the public gallery implored his son to tell the truth. The SES today are now scouring bushland at Bundall looking for the murder weapon. This case returns to court here in January.Victoria's court of appeal has described the State's baseline sentencing law as defective.It was designed to introduce higher median terms for murder and other serious offences. Reporter Karen Percy explainsThe Full Bench of Victoria's court of appeal has issued a very strong rebuke to this legislation saying, "The defect in the legislation is incurable." Four out of five justices essentially saying that the law is unworkablealIt came into effect a year ago and affects 7 separate offences, four of them related to child sks offences, as well as murder, culpable driving causing death and drug trafficking.This case was brought about by the Victorian Department of Public prosecutions after July when a Melbourne man pleaded guilty to two counts of incest and was given a sentence of six years and 8 months.Now, the new median or baseline sentence for incest is 10 years, and the Department of prosecutions thought 6 years and 8 ponts was manifestly inadequateA hearing held a month ago where the court heard that judges were finding it difficult because they had to weigh up the statistics of a median sentence which the median is a mid set in a set of numbers, not necessarily moral cull Paability.The current Victorian Government says this is a mess that was created by the previous Liberal National Government, but as yet it is unclear what it might do, whether it will re-write the legislation or drop it altogether.Huntds of workers at the Lee Creek mine in SA's north are clocking off for the final time this afternoonThe mine closes after a more than a century of operation, leaving about 250 people in this remote town without work.Our reporter Nicola Gauge is there.Workers have driven into the coalmine here at Lee Creek for their final shift today. It closing a chapter in history which has spanned more than a century and it is sure to be an emotional day for workers. That is because Lee Creek has never been a mine that depended on fly-in fly-out workers. About 450 people live here, many of them grew up here. Tomorrow a big number of them will be unemployed and they are facing an uncertain future. Many of them say they will stay here until they find another job, but where that work will be remains unclear.It is sad.I've been here quite a long time, there is a lot of history.I've been with the organisation 27 years, up here for 21. So, yeah, sad day. I came here as a 12-year-old kid in 1979, lived out here in the old town, saw this town get built, saw all the changes.While hundreds of residents will still be here tomorrow with no jobs to go to, there is no rush to leave. They will be able to continue leasing their homes for another year and services, including the school and hospital will remain until 2018. Beyond that, no decisions have been made. The top stories this afternoon - French vektors are hunting for a 27-year-old Belgian mandous spekted of being the mastermind behind the Paris terror attacks.Foreign Minister Julie Bishop has ruled out Australia leading the cha rj to put boots on the ground in Syria and Iraq in the wake of the attacks in Paris.Ands police in NSW are being trained to shoot armed extremists on site, rather than negotiate with them in readiness for a potential terrorist attack.In the US, the Republican presidential candidate Donald Trump says he is now more against allowing Syrian refugees into the US than ever before. Speaking at a rally in Tennessee, Mr Trump drew parallels between the Paris terror attacks and Europe's growing asylum seeker crisis. He warned that the crisis could be used as a way for terrorists to sneak into countries, including the US.We have no documentation on these people and I said you probably saw a couple of weeks ago, I'm looking at this migration and it is a terrible thing, I have a bigger heart, I have a tremendous heart, I want to take care of people, but you look at this migration and I said to my wife, "They seem like so many men. Powerful-looking guys. So I said why aren't they back fighting for their country? That was number one. Then I say, "Is this a Trojan horse?" We all know the story of the Trojan horse. Then we look at what has happened in Germany. I used to be a big fan of Merkel, a great leader, but what she has done for Germany is a disgrace.Mr Trump sas the US should not accept refugees from Syria. He says his views are only strengthened after it was revealed that one of the terrorist s came through with refugees.The breach has caused rivers of mud to descend on nearby villages.11 people were killed and 12 are still missing, presumed deadSamarco is owned by mining giants Vale from Brazil and BHP Billiton.Doctors in New York are herraling a new era in face transplant surgery after giving a badly disfigured firefighter a new scalp, ears and eyelids. Patrick Hardison had his fire burnt off 14 years ago. Now his children know he is the world's resipent of what is claimed to be the most extensive face plant.Mr Hardison was given the face of a 26-year-old man who was left brain-dead after a cycling accident. The 150-strong medical team practised for a year before undertaking what would be a 26-hour operation.Well, time now for sport.Again a very good afternoon to Niav OwensHas Australia declared yet at the WACA?They haven't. They are back after lunch. 5/334 at the moment, which gives this ema lead of almost 270 and we've still got Mitchell Johnson and Peter Nevill there at the crease. Here is some action from earlier today. Steve Smith eventually dismissed from 138, 18 fours in his innings. Mitchell Marsh didn't last long, just contributing the one run before he was caught in front.And Adam Voges, 119, his First Test century on Australian soil. We know how much he loves playing there at the WACA and Sheffield Shield cricket, he averages 117 at the WACA, so very much at home on his home pitch, and the big news out of Perth today, meander towards what will be a draw at the end of the day is that Mitchell Johnson will be retiring. This will be his final day of Test cricket and some lovely zeens there from the WACA today with the Black Caps giving him a guard of honour.And then this is from a little bit early whier in the day, getting a last minute good luck from his wife and daughter. " Go well, Dad." For the day's play. He will go down in history for the moment anyway as Australia's fourth highest wicket-taker in Test cricket ever, only behind the likes of Dennis Lillee, Glenn McGrath and Shane Warne, a remarkable list of bowlers there. He has taken 311 Test wickets and his peak came in that 2013/2014 period, on Australian soil, that Ashes series where he was basically unplayable, he dismantled the opposition, claiming 59 Test wickets and then get ended up getting the Allan Border Medal at 32 years of age. 34 now and currently playing his last day of Test cricket.We will see about the winI'm told to ask something about tennis. I'm not interested in that Nadal, waes going on.End of season tournament, so we will only be talking about it for the next week or so, and then you can have a break over the summer, well, for a couple of months until they call come to Australia. Rafael Nadal beat wring wreng wreng which was a really good win, because it has not been a happy 2015. A 19 losses this season.How many losses?6-3, 6-2, over Stanislas Wawrinka this morning and very much enjoyed his win. He has had such an injury-interrupted season. Andy Murray as well got the better of David Ferrer, 6-4, 6-4, a really good win for the Scott, Scot because he has been playing on clay, getting ready for Great Britain's end of season Davis Cup final against Belgium. On the hardcourt now and he got a good win as well, so the two of them, Andy Murray and Rafael Nadal will meet later in the week , and, yes, Scott, we will be talking about it then.19 matches lost.He is a profession the right? I can talk this through with you extensivelyLengthy bans for a couple of horse trainers announced today, Niav?Yes, 3 and 5 years for Lee and Shannon Hope. Their horses tested positive to an oversupply of cobalt last year and it has been going through the courts for a number of months today. We heard that Lee has been sentenced to a 3-year ban. He was found to be aware but inactive, whereas his Shannon, his father has been sentenced to a 5-year ban, that's by the racing appeals and disciplinary board. They can appeal that to the Victorian civil and administration board and it comes as a result of those three horses being found to be over the legal limit. They are two members of what has been dubbed by the media the co-p The Co-Bast Five, Peter Moody, Mark Kavanagh and Danny O'Brien are part of that as well and we are waiting to hear more.Frank Lowy's time in charge of the FFA, how will that be remembered?As a time of great change, Kumi. He has been there for a number of years fnl the # 5-year-old has announced he will step down, and there was a gala dinner last night to celebrate his chair machineship and the exciting World Cup qualification. 32 years in the making. You can see Frank Lowy arriving in great fanfare. The A-League board had to move away from the old factions of the soccer league and the other fact was we were accepted into Asian Football Confederation and we saw the great Asian Cup victory for the Socceroos earlier this year. He is keeping it in the family, his son Stephen will take over as chairmanThanks very muchJust confirming, 19 losses so he far this year, is that right? So cool. Your jealouscy and envy shines throughThat's true. Just got to move on.Time for the weather with Graham Creed. A couple of weather warnings out at the moment, one is for a severe thunderstorm warning, for parts of the south coast of NSW, around the Bega to berm but which area, bsh bsh Bermuguer i area. Severe weather warning for the potential of damaging winds and raised dust. We are seeing areas of raised dust in association with it and also gusty winds with this region, all developing along a trough line at the moment. Also seeing fire weather warnings re-issued for the Mallee district in Victoria, the northern Riverina in NSW, likely to see some of those warnings re-issued through parts of SA as well. Very warm conditions starting to spread further east, although it's interesting when you look at the temperatures back in October, actually seen a similar run of temperatures a month ago, so he this is really the first burst of hot weather through parts of the south-east since October, due to fairly widespread cloud, rain and cooler conditions, although WA has been hot, but they are now moving into a cooler pattern as a cool change moves up towards the south-west tomorrow.Showers in Perth.

On Thursday, showers and an onshore wind flow through the south-west. They'll begin to clear from the west coast. Showers in Queensland, about the far northern parts of the cape. Another wind change sitting through South Australia.

The top stories today - French president Francois Hollande says his country is committed to destroying the Islamic State group and has vowed to step up air strikes in Syria and Iraq. French officials have named the man they believe to be the man behind the attacks, reportedly from Molenbeek in Brussels, home to other members of the cell, which killed at least 129 people. He is thought to be in Syria.The PM Malcolm Turnbull has arrived in Manila for the APEC summit. Mr Turnbull will meet with US President Barack Obama with plans to intensify air strikes against Islamic State air targets in Syria likely to dominate talks. President Obama has ruled out dispatching a ground force to fight and it's understood Australia won't be asked to boost its commitment. Police in NSW are being trained to shoot and kill armed attackers amid further fears about terrorism attacks in Australia. In most cases, officers will try to contain and negotiate with armed defenders, but in extreme situations they may shoot on site.And, Australian fast bowler Mitchell Johnson will retire from all forms of international cricket at the completion of the Second Test against New Zealand in Perth later today. The 34-year-old is Australia's fourth highest Test wicket taker with 311 dismissals from 73 matches. Time for The Business with Ticky Fullerton. Hello there. Coming up on The Business - who's reaping the rewards, the RBA crackdown on lucrative loyalty card schemes. And, star stock picker Peter Morgan on why he's a pessimist on the sharemarket. Generous airline loyalty and credit card reward programmes are set for new rules this week. The programmes and the fees that go with them are in the sights of regulators as Elysse Morgan reports it's not just credit card surcharges they want to cut. A major shake-up of the credit card payment system is coming. Australians put more than half a trillion dollars on their credit cards each year. More and more of these cards are superpremium, offering points for free flights and other perks to lure people into putting everything on plastic.Make sure the things you buy every day are earning Qantas points...Banks and airlines love them.Credit card reward programmes are still a very significant driver of a credit card market. The big spenders are typically users of credit cards with reward programmes. But the regulators don't. The premium cards come at a premium cost to retailers. Unbeknown to most consumers there's a complicated payment network that funds their rewards. The rewards programmes are ultimately funded by a fee between banks called the interchange fee and it works like this. If I'm to buy these items and use my standard card which has no points, the interchange fee - the fee between the of the pos machine and my bank - is about 8 or 9 cents. If I whip out my superplatinum card which earns points towards free flights the interchange fee is around five to six times that. Because someone has to pay for my flights. Right now, the banks are passing that cost on to retailers and the retailers have to decide whether they pass that on to consumers.We don't feel we can pass them on. The marketplace is too competitive and we would lose customers. It's different for big retailers like department stores and supermarkets. They're big enough to negotiate lower rates. Roughly $2 billion is raised each year by interchange fees.Smaller retailers absolutely pay the biggest share of fees and it's not fair. We can't pass those fees onto consumers. The Reserve Bank believes the whole system's unfair. On Friday it will reveal a range of measures designed so payments will no longer generate as much money to subsidise rewards. American Express fees for the first time will be capped. It's a big problem for airline loyalty programmes.In the case of Qantas in particular, they've earnt around $1.4 billion in EBIT over the past 5 years when the airline itself, the airline group itself has earnt about $2 billion. The loyalty programme is incredibly important. How? Who better to ask than Mike ebb Stein who developed Australia's first rewards card 20 years ago.When you spend $100 on a shirt on your credit card and you earn 50 points typically, then the bank that issued that card is required to make a payment to the airline for the number of points. The price of a frequent flyer point is between 1-2 cents typically. Qantas chief Alan Joyce says interchange fees don't fund the frequent flyer programme. But the Reserve Bank and the Murray inquiry indicate otherwise. The payment's lobby group is against any changes.The type of regulation we're talking about here essentially brings each payment scheme within a regulator net where prices are controlled. Every time you do that a whole lot of flow-on changes and consequences have to flow through the industry. Those consequences will be keenly felt by reward programme members.If the regulator moves to significantly reduce interchange fees through regulation, it's likely that cardholders will see reduced benefits and possibly increased fees. So points could be harder to come by in future. Mr Joyce is moving to reassure loyalty members that the points they've already accrued are not in jeopardy.We're obviously talking to the banks about the details, but our intention is people are rewarded with loyalty with credit cards the way they are today. They have pretty much complete freedom to change them at their discretion. The limiting factor would be the extent to which they would be concerned about customer backlash. If the Reserve Bank clips the wings of airlines and banks, reward cards could become a lot less rewarding. Let's take a look at the markets now, where a rebound on Wall Street set the tone.

Marcus Padley from Marcus Today joins me from Melbourne. Swift turnaround in sentiment after the carnage of Paris? It's always been the thing with terrorism or war that it generally has an emotive rather than value impact on stock markets and if there's ever a selloff on the back of those events it is generally seen as a buying opportunity. The market's wised up to that, unless it develops into a war in Syria which might have long-standing impact. It seems Obama's resisting that temptation. Yes, even the French market was only down 0.80% and we're up 90 points or so today. The Paris issue has been pretty much ignored. To stocks and BHP again the big Australian preparing for Thursday's AGM in Perth. Plenty to deal with there, but significantly any shareholder dividend is aspirational? That's what one of the major shareholders is calling it that's an aspiration to have a progressive dividend policy, progressive means they're not going to cut it. If you look at their free cash flow they are expected to have $3.5 billion of cash flow, $4.4 billion next year. The dividend will cost 6.6 billion. 2 years of basically paying the dividend out of debt and shareholders are debating whether that's really sensible. Other oil companies, in the US oil companies have cut dividends on average by 21%. You've got companies like South 32 that have a payout ratio target rather than a set progressive dividend policy like BHP. So they're obviously under pressure, but the guesswork is what do commodity prices do? Do they bounce? I think BHP are being optimistic to think they can continue to pay dividends through this next 2-year cycle and that commodity prices should go better. It's a gamble. They're probably better not to gamble. CBA, the faithful gathered at the Sydney Cricket Ground at the AGM to be told everything was going swimmingly, although there was acknowledgement of the ongoing financial planning scandal? The AGM for CBA if you consider where it's held, thousands of shareholders were queueing up to get the best seats. It's a PR exercise in sandwiches and cups of tea rather than really new information, but what they did say and they've just had results so people knew what they were going to say. What they did say was exactly what you'd expect. They encouraged in shareholders not to give up on them despite the share price performance, because they are one of the best capitalised banks and in saying that, made it clear they weren't about to go out and have another capital raising. Any capital they need to raise from here they can do with hybrid issues and the DRP, they don't need to hit shareholders with another share issue. That was encouraging. You'll see the share price up over 2.5%. Maybe the sector has bottomed a bit today. Marcus Padley, thank you.My pleasure. So, it looks like BHP's promised progressive dividend may well be aspirational and it looks tough to deliver on, but there's no doubting that huge pressure from investors has made high dividend yields a sacred cow. Unfortunately, that rails against companies using their cash for growth, innovation and taking risks for higher rewards. What to do with this dilemma? One of Australia's most respected fund managers is Peter Morgan. After a stellar career at Perpetual where he managed about $9 billion, today he manages his own portfolio and Peter joins me now. Welcome.Hi, Ticky. You've still got about 55% of your money in cash. Why? I think the thing that worries me the most globally at the moment is that interest rates are artificially low and they've been low and suppressed by central banks around the world for seven years now. That's dangerous, not so much in the fact they can go up, but the fact risk has been mispriced for an extended period. One things that gets forgotten about with investors particularly in Australia, which hasn't seen a major downturn for decades is that capital preservation is important, and with risk being mispriced, it's all the more important. What do you make of this dilemma boards have? I was talking about the pressure to pay dividends. Can investors' expectations now be managed down so we can put more investment into growth? Simplistically, a dividend can be paid out of earnings. If you take the BHP example, BHP is a sick clickal company. If a cycle turns as it has with commodities, earnings are under pressure. Over the medium to longer term if not the shorter term, dividends are under pressure, because earnings are under pressure. The example of BHP is an example in the Australian stock market. With low interest rates and artificial low interest rates and extremely low interest rates the yield chase has been on with regards to dividends regardless of risk and that's where the danger is. Is that what we should be doing now, pulling money out of dividends? Boards should be thinking about - The counterargument is that Australian boards in general with the exception of probably 10% of companies that have expanded overseas or into other areas have a shocking record expanding and using capital and as an investor with that history I'd rather see boards returning that money to shareholders in the form of dividends unless they can clearly articulate how they will grow the business successfully with the allocation of that capital into growth areas. How does this set next to the push for innovation in this country? The argument that's been pushed with regard to innovation has been coming from the top. Personally it has to come from the bottom. There's a number of examples, but very simplistically, we've got a generational structure in Australia with regards to boards that is old. There's perhaps a silly example, I'd like to know how many members of those boards can interact on social media as an example in this type of environment. If you've got those settings in place and again if you look at the NBN with Ziggy, Ziggy will be 70 by the time the NBN gets up and going, there's a big disconnect and that's coming from that side. If you look around where the talent should be and probably is, it's in the 35-40-year-olds that are there, but it's got to come from the bottom up and they've got to be encouraged whether it's with regards to tax or rewards. Somebody like Bill ferris, new innovations that the Government's just announced, is he likely to help? It's a positive. Probably people like Katharine Livingstone and Brian McNamee have been the two that have stood out for me in my investing career as people worthwhile watching and listening to. More broadly I think you've said before that the market here is skewed to mining and banks. Looking at banks, how do you see the health of our banks, they've raised capital recently? They've struggled to raise what in terms of capitalisation are small amounts. When I started in the industry the banks were raising money on a constant basis on a one for six basis. The banks today have been doing one for 23s or around that level which is a lot smaller and they've become dividend and they've struggled and that's a worry. The other major point with the banks is that bad debts have never been lower. They're next to zero and that is not sustainable over the longer term. If you're relying on dividends they can only be paid out of recurring earnings and if bad debts go up obviously the earnings of banks go down. When you look at the US and look at the Fed and a possible rate rise, we had obviously that jump downwards in the market three months ago. What do you think of the market now and whether there is another correction due? There's another correction due and the leverage is still there. The telling thing from the market falling three months ago is that it's corrected so quickly with no real change. The Fed in my view should have raised rates 2-3 years ago. They've stumbled around and got in a position where they're looking for excuses not to raise. It's not the fact they're going to raise it's the leverage in the system. The debt today many places is double, triple of where it was in 2008 and that is the danger. Briefly, you think another sleeper issue over in the US is the value of some of these stocks? If you look at Facebook, Google, the great tech companies of the US have been fantastic companies, but their valuations, it's very hard to value them and they're flavour of the month. Facebook has gone from 20 to 120 and that's roughly either side, but they're big rises and people... I'm not sure the valuation connect is actually right and no-one's focusing on it and they've been the leaders of the US market. On the other side you've had companies like Wal-Mart and IBM for want of a better word go backwards which is the old economy. I just struggle again with the valuation. It's an area where people aren't focusing upon with regards to tech companies in the US. Love to keep up with you on that of the next few months. Peter thank you very much for joining us. Peter Morgan there. That is all from The Business for now. Back to you, Kumi and Scott. The top stories - French investigators are hunting for a 27-year-old Belgian man suspected of being the mastermind behind the Paris terror attacks. And counter-terrorism is on the agenda for Malcolm Turnbull and Barack Obama's first official bilateral talks to be held in the Philippines as the pair meet during the APEC summit. Police in NSW are being trained to shoot armed extremists on site rather than negotiate, in readiness for a potential terrorist attack.Australian fast bowler Mitchell Johnson is going to retire from all forms of international cricket at the end of the Second Test against New Zealand which is taking place in Perth today. The 34-year-old is Australia's first highest Test wicket taker with 311 dismissals from 73 matches. Mitchell Johnson's former Brisbane North's club coach, also a close friend spoke to us earlier.The flat wickets aren't helping with his cause at the moment. It's not much fun being a fast bowler. The wickets seem to be tending towards the batsmen, that's for sure. Do you know if that has been an aspect? Has he talked about that at all Brett, that he is frustrated as a pace bowler to find the ground literally beneath his feet doesn't suit pace bowling? That's one of the helping causes. It's hard to get yourself up for Test cricket every day. They play so much these days and there's only three or four days since the previous Test. He's bowled a lot of overs there and come into this Test match and they've bowled a lot of overs again. It's little things like getting yourself up at night having rubs and massages, playing with niggles all the time. You probably know when it's time. The constant travel has done that and they continue to play cricket week in, week out. Dennis Lilley years ago identified a young Mitchell Johnson as a future great. What did Lily see? He's one of the most talented athletes. He could have been a tennis player, any of that sort of stuff. He was a natural sportsman, nice guy, just an athletic frame. A lot of people have worked hard to get the most out of him and making him believe in himself. Where he is today, what he's done with his cricket has been amazing. He's got every bit of potential that he could out of his body and that's probably one of the reasons why he's calling it quits now. What he's achieved, I don't think he's got much more to conquer there. A couple of years ago he was ruthlessly good, terrifyingly good, particularly for the batsmen he was terrifying. But he had to fight back from an-under-par I guess bowling performance during the Ashes series back in 2010-11. From insights as a friend, how on earth did he manage to fight himself back, to do the best bowling of his career? He's very strong willed. He realised the amount of preparation and stuff like gym work and running that he's prepared - he's so self-motivated as well and he's left no stone unturned and got the call. He was the banter of every newspaper in England and Australia at one stage and stored that in the memory bank and when it was time he worked hard and used it as motivation. He's a strong wild person and he said that one of his goals that he wanted to do before he finished playing cricket to get revenge and he certainly did that. Sure did, Brett Mortimer, friend of Mitchell Johnson, who is playing his last few hours of international cricket right now on the WACA in Perth. The computer and information technology skills of Australian schoolchildren are worse than those of students four years ago.Despite children using computers, tablets, also Smartphones more than ever for social media, a new report claims their more technical skills have dropped. At St Agnes Catholic high school in Sydney, this is a history lesson with a modern edge. Every child has a tablet or computer.We're going with technology so there's pressure to understand technology and use its different types of media. They already have those skills going into the skills. What we're doing at schools is making sure we empower the kids for the jobs for the future. The school's seen an improvement in students' digital skills, but Australiawide that's not the case. The national assessment programme tested 10,500 year 6 and Year 10 pupils from 650 Government, Catholic and independent schools. It found the average digital skill level was significantly lower than that of the students who took the test four years ago.We're disappointed in the results. We'd like to work with the school authorities around the country to see if we can turn this around. Students in year 6 were asked to search a website, format a document, crop an image and create a slide show. Year 10 students had to design an on-line survey, use software to add new levels to an on-line game and create an animated video. The report found while children are using computers and tablets more, it's mostly for social media and messaging and schools and parents shouldn't assume that prolific use makes students proficient.We want both things - the confident use of the devices as well as the deep learning and the deep application of these skills. Overcoming the distraction of social media is also a challenge.When you get a notification you tend to click on it, but I try to avoid it. Leading educators are calling for renewed focus on teaching digital technologies in schools and with NAPLAN tests moving on-line from 2017, the need to bring students up to speed is greater than ever. The Southern Hemisphere's first immersive virtual reality lab is being used to teach midwifery students to deliver a baby.Our reporter Cameron Best gave it a test drive. If this is a real woman giving birth here at the moment she wouldn't be relying on me to deliver the baby, but luckily I can practice in this virtual reality lab. It's at Deakin University in Geelong. It's the first of its kind in the Southern Hemisphere and it's these four walls which are projection screens projecting a 3-D image controlled by these glasses. I can move it around, also get forced feedback involved as well so I can be immersed in the entire scenario. Midwifery students can be placed in this situation and they can be in this entire environment learning as they go and they can be given a whole range of scenarios, whether the power might go off in the room, or some of the equipment may not work, or how to deal with an inattendantive or a nervous partner.Here we have a full-scale cave where a person can interact in a full immersive environment and take that technology and employ it to portable technology. It can be taken at a low cost to a medical training institution, a university or a regional area. It's the centrepiece in Deakin University's Centre for Advanced Design and Engineers in Training which has just opened. The idea is to get students job-ready for the jobs of today, but also for the jobs of the future. Here's the vice-chancellor of Deakin learning and
University.You need the learning and operating skills for the next 5 years, but we need to build capacity to understand the problems you'll be solving in big business and small medium enterprise for 15 years' time and they need to understand what those things. So understanding how you take low voltage and upscale it to high voltage at effective cost is very significant now for the industry of the future. Likewise 3-D printing. 3-D printing is the advanced manufacturing of the future. That is how we will make things, how we'll replace body parts, it's how we'll make very complex things. With a bit more training I'll be able to abandon my career in TV journalism and head straight into the birthing suite.Done a great job, just thinking I'm the bedside manner with the potential wife might need a little bit of work. Not sure if I would handle, "How are you going, love?" . Otherwise you did a great job!Melbourne workers unpacking a shipping container had a nasty surprise today. A venom ous snake was stuck on plumbing supplies. A white-lipped green tree viper.The snakes are small, they get in between cargo shipments and boxes and get moved around. The viper will most likely end up on display in an Australian zoo.Time for the weather with Graham Creed. Fire weather warnings and fire bans through the southern mainland States. Western Australia, South Australia, into Victoria, also through parts of NSW tomorrow. This is as a pool of hot air moves across the central and south-eastern States. We've got hot and strong winds through Western Australia along a trough, but cooler conditions developing through the western areas of the State. Through Queensland, several days of severe thunderstorms. They're contracting up to the far north of the State.

Stay with us on Afternoons. Coming up - the PM has arrived in the Philippines for the APEC summit.He will meet with US President Barack Obama, with counter-terrorism expected to top the agenda. More shortly. This program is not captioned.

This Program is Captioned Live by CSI Australia Hello and welcome to Afternoon, I'm Kumi Taguchi.I'm Scott Bevan, our top story today - police police launch a man hunt for the mastermind behind the Paris terror attacks. TRANSLATION: Our enemy in Syria is IS. It is not a matter of containing but of destroying this organisation.Also ahead - Australia ruling out sending ground troops to Syria despite a suggestion by the former PM.As well, because Australia plays by the rules and we're not going to expose our soldiers.The new police response to dealing with armed extremists amid fears of further terror attacks.And callingate day, Australian fast bowler Mitchell Johnson retires from international cricket.Good afternoon. French investigators are hunting the suspected mastermind behind the deadly Paris attacks. The 27-year-old Belgianman man has been named as Samy Amimour and he's believed to be the brains behind several plans attacks in Europe. Francois Hollande has vowed to destroy the Islamic State group and is preparing to introduce a raft of new measures to prevent any further attacks.Belgian police surrounded an apartment building in Molenbeek but the man they were after proveed elusive.S Police believe Abdelhamid Abaaoud was directly involved in the attacks, one brother a suicide bomber, another brother home with their parents. TRANSLATION: We're thinking of the victims and their families but you have to understand that we have a mum a family, and above all he's still her son.He says they haven't heard from their relative on the run. TRANSLATION: My family and I are very moved by what happened. We found out about it from the television as many of you did and we never thought that one of my brothers could be linked to this attack.Neighbours too expressed shock.I am really shocked that he's implicated in something like because you could say not really Islamist type of guy.Another man from Molenbeek, 27-year-old Omar Ismail Mostefai is thought to have planned the coordinated attacks from Syria. He's believed to be behind the thwarted gun attack on a high speed train to Paris earlier this year. While police were hunting the perpetrator, the President was going after a bigger target. TRANSLATION: Our enemy in Syria is IS. It is not a matter of containing but of destroying this organisation.He called an extraordinary meeting of France's Congress to outline extraordinary measures. To extend the state of emergency for three months and to strip French born terrorist of their citizenship. TRANSLATION: I onnestly believe that we need to update our constitution, to allow the authorities to act within the law against the terrorism of war.The President's mission received the backing of the US.This is an assault not just on France, but coming on the heel of brutal attacks in Lebanon, Iraq and elsewhere, it is an assault on our collective sense of reason and purpose. An attack on civility itself.But France is yet to finish mourning. Today a minute's

mourning. Today a minute's
silence. At the Versailles and around France a moment for reflection and solidarity. (Singing)Australia stands with France at this most difficult time. Terrorism has no place in a civilised society and we cannot allow the terrorists to win.Blue, white and red shining through the darkness.The Foreign Minister Julie Bishop has reputated Tony Abbott's suggestion that Australia consider deploying ground troops to fight the Islamic State group.The former PM's suggestion follows the Paris attacks and talks between world leaders at the G20 in Turkey.As commander in chief, Tony Abbott boosted or military's efforts against Islamic State in the Middle East. And Australian bombs were dropped over Syria for the first time just before he was felled as leader. Now about two months on, he says Australia should be prepared to do more.As Tony Abbott well knows Australia does not act unilaterally, we have to have a legal basis under international law to send our forces into other countries.The solution to terrorism in the Middle East isn't going to be sending a whole lot of Australian soldiers that put their boots on the groundMr Abbott's written a column arguing for Australian combat troops to operate in Syria and Iraq, saying - Australia plays by the rules and we're not going to expose our soldiers to international consequences show we be acting unilaterally.You have to be understand what the shape of victory is and in terms of Syria we have really no idea what the shape of victory is.The former PM's call came as the United States President Obama ruled out putting American boots on the ground.It is not just my view but the view of my closest military and civilian advisers that that would be a mistake.Talks between the US and Russia on the sidelines of the G20 have given Australia hope of an international Coalition to tackle terrorism.Countries that we might not otherwise have had an intelligence or security relationship with, the globe is forming a Coalition against terrorism.Unlikely fellows fighting against an unprecedent ed threat. Plans to innence tensefy air strikes against Islamic State targets in Syria are likely to dominate talkinging between Malcolm Turnbull and the US President Obama in the Philippines. Mr Turnbull has arrived in Manila for the APEC summit where the first official bilateral meeting with President Obama will be key. The US President has ruled out despatching a major ground force to fight Islamic State militants in Syria and Iraq says it would be a serious mistake. It's understood Mr Turnbull won't be asked to increase Australia's commitment to fight against IS. The head of Australia's financial intelligence agency has raised the pos ek of new laws to crack down on financing terrorism.A summit has heard that about 1 90 people in Australia are supporting terrorism in the Middle East through financing and recruitment.This summit is the about taking from terrorists what of the key weapons in their arsenal, money,'s about cutting off the flow of funds to terrorist groups so they can't carry out attacks and also about using financial intelligence to alert authorities about a potential terrorist attack, in Australia in the last financial year there were 367 different transaction that were identified as potentially being linked to terrorist activities and a number of businesses have already been shut down in Australia because authorities suspect terrorists or sympathisers could use those businesses to send money overseas. Now the just Minister Michael Keenan opened today's summit and he told delegates that the flow of cash to terrorist organisations can't be understilled. It's extremely important to nip it in the bud.Terrorism financing not only funds individual attacks and operation, it can also help to support other parts of the terrorist enterprise such as living expense, travel or compensation for terrorist fighters. Cutting off the funds at the source can make a significant difference to national security in Australia, to the security of the region and to the security of the globe.There are delegateses from 18 different countries at today's summit including the Indonesian Presidential chief of staff, it's been organised by Austrac which is Australia's financial intelligence agency, it's its job to look out for suspect transactions. Austrac says they're looking out for information about the location, the recipient, strange patterns that might turn up or the amounts of money being sent overseas. Increasingly Austrac says Facebook and other social media is being used to crowd source funding for terrorist activities. The CEO of Austrac Paul Jevtovic says this conference is all about increasing cooperation between nations so that they can see financial transactions that are suspicious when they occur.Whilst the magnitude of the challenge we face cannot be underestimated, we need to remember that terrorism financing provides a genuine opportunity through detection based on effective suspect and transaction profiling, effective information share Argentina close cooperation among partners we can and we will prevent terrorist attacks.The atrocities we saw in Paris were not far from delegates' minds today. The French Consul-General was in attendance and there was a minute's silence for the victims who lost their life in Paris. It was pointed out today that in any terrorist attack including that in Paris there is almost always some sort of a financial transaction which has allowed that attack to occur and so delegates were told today that that's why it's just so important that financial intelligence is shared effectively.NSW police are now being trained to shoot armed extremists on site in response to recent terror attacks. It does represent a change from the contain and negotiate policy that's been if in place for two decades. The acts NSW Police Commissioner Nick Kaldas says the threat of terrorism requires swift and strong police tactics.For some time NSW police has been preparing a training program and implementing a training program in relation to preparing or very much our front-line general duties first response bliss to deal better with active armed offenders in a dynamic environment such as we have seen lately, certain in Paris but also previous to that in Mumbai and other placeses and particularly in the Middle East. That program also involved at least a couple of exercises and you may recall exercise Black Angus in 2011, an xeer castle earlier this year, all were based on a dynamic rapidly changing environment with shooters moving around and needing to be contained and dealt with as quickly as possible. Part of that program obviously involves a change if you like in our tactic from the previously widely adopted containary negotiate effort but I need to stress we are not doing away with contain and negotiate, and in fact I suspect that in most cases it will be the way we will deal with these sort of incidents. Certainly in ones, in situations where we see a serious matter where people's lives are being threatened as we speak, then and perhaps being killed even, that would be a terrorist incident, in those cases we certainly would have to look at it differently, would have to react differently and would have to move almost immediately.In new just in from Victoria police have removed a suspicious package from intorn cross station in Melbourne. Earlier authorities had closed down Spencer Street and evacuated near bibuildings. We'll be trying to speak to someone at the scene shortly and in the meantime keeps you updated.A number of bushfire warnings have been issued across the country this afternoon, we'll run through those for you nowIn Victoria there's an emergency warning for residents near Devon North in the State's south-west, that for fire is burning to two kilometres west of Baghdad beg in South Gippsland. People in the area are being advised to leave now before conditions become too dangerous.In South Australia, crews are battling at least four blazes, the Country Fire Service there has issued four bushfire alerts for residents living near blazes occurring at Woolshed Flat in the mid-north, Mount pleasant in the Adelaide Hills, and two on the Fleurieu Peninsula. Those two are at Ashbourne and Kyeema near the cut ku. Water bombers are being deployed at Kyeema due to the foe rosity of the fire in and around a pine tree plantation.A fire ban has been-day Claired for the northern Riverina tomorrow.These latest warnings come amid concerns about this year's bushfire season. The chief officer of the Country Fire Authority and Victoria's State response controller, essay s the season ahead Weather Bureauly try and dry.It's looking to be a tough summer. There's no doubt about it. El Nino is positive and strong, the southern ocean and Indian ocean dia poles are strong so all of those indicators are very strong to us that we're in for a dry hot summer and we're seeing those conditions play out today and tomorrow and Thursday. The fire season's come on a little bit earlier for in particular Victoria, but the southern States, so there has been a fair bit of preparedness that has been done. All the emergency services and all the other agencies have been working together to prepare, the community is the focal point for us as well, we have fire restricts that are in place two thirds of Victorians municipalities and that puts a whole range of arrangements in place and as you're aware we have had to declare totally fire ban days for the mallee and the Wimmera today. So in relation to the preparedness there is a lot of work h that's being done and I think that we are as prepared as we can be considering this point in time.The top stories, French investigators are hunting for a 27-year-old Belgian man suspected of being the mastermind behind the Paris attacks. The French military has conducted another round of air strikes in the Syrian city of Raqqa. Counter-terrorism will be on the agenda for Malcolm Turnbull and the President Obama's first official bilateral talks in the Philippines. As the pair meet during the APEC summit. And police in NSW are being trained to shoot armed extremists on sight rather than negotiate with them in readiness for a potential terrorist attack.A 23-year-old man has appeared in a going court charged over the stabbing murder of a teenager.It's alleged that Ryan Howes stabbed a 16-year-old boy in the chest on Saturday night.He was arrested yesterday after he was found hiding in a relative's roof on the Gold Coast.23-year-old Ryan Howes seemed calm as he appeared here in the dock at Southport make this morning, the 23-year-old has formally been charged with the murder of 16-year-old Michael Brack. Michael was found stumbling up a a bunldle street on Saturday night knocking on neighbour's doors for help after moments before being stabbed a at theer inby shots, unfortunate he did die on that Bundall street. But heek here at Southport Magistrates Court Ryan Howes requested that the magistrate provide him with his medication. We don't know what for.He did seem to be doing it tough with no medication and the like. I'd rather not comment on that thank you.They're also asked to be moved out of the spouft port Magistrates Court watch house. His father speaking from the public gallery asked his son to tell the truth. The SES are now scouring bushland at Bundall looking for the murder weapon. This case returns to court here in January. Snsh concerns for
Queensland police grave concerns for the safety of a Toowoomba teenager who has been missing for seven weeks. It is believed she may have travelled interstate with a 42-year-old Tasmanian man named Justin Bradburn. The teen's mother made an impassioned plea for her to return.I would like to say to you, if you're out there - and I know you are out there - could you please get in contact with me... we're your family. Just let us know you're alright and I'd like to see you come home, sweetheart. We hold our children's hands for a while, but we hold your hearts forever. If everybody out there that may possibly see my daughter, could you please get in contact with... Victoria's Court of Appeal has described the State's baseline sentencing law as defective.It was designed to introduce higher median terms for murder and other serious offences. The full bench of Victoria's Court of Appeal has issued a strong rebuke to this legislation, saying " the defect in the legislation is incurable. " Four out of five justices essentially saying the law is unworkable. It came into effect a year ago and affects seven separate offences, four related to child sex offences as well as murder, culpable driving causing death and drug trafficking. This case was brought about by the Victorian Department of Public Prosecutions after July when a Melbourne man pleaded guilty to two counts of incest and was given a sentence of 6 years and 8 months. The new median or baseline sentence for incest is 10 years and the Department of Public Prosecutions thought that 6 years and 8 months was manifestly inadequate. There was a hearing held a month ago where the court heard judges were finding it difficult, because they had to weigh up the statistics of a median sentence. The median is a mid set in a set of numbers not necessarily moral capability. The current Victorian Government says this is a mess that was created by the previous Liberal-national government, but as yet it's unclear what it might do, whether it will rewrite the legislation or drop it altogether. Republican presidential candidate Donald Trump says he's more against allowing Syrian refugees into the United States than ever before. He was speaking at aral any the inesee and Mr Trump drew parallels between the Paris terror attacks and Europe's growing asylum seeker crisis. He warned the crisis could be used as a way for terrorists to sneak into countries like the United States.We have no documentation on these people and I said, you probably saw a couple of weeks ago, I'm looking at this migration and it's a terrible thing. I have a tremendous heart, I want to take care of people, but you look at this migration and I said to my wife the other day, "You know, they seem like so many men, powerful-looking guys, why aren't they back fighting for their country?" Then I say, "Is this a Trojan horse?" We all know the story of a Trojan horse and you look at what's happening in Germany. I used to be a fan of Merkel, terrific, a big leader. What she did to Germany is a disgrace. Trump has been saying for weeks the US should not accept refugees from the war-torn country. His position has strengthened after it was revealed one of the Paris terror suspects entered Europe with refugees.Brazil mining giant Samarco has agreed to pay at least $260 million in compensation for the collapse of two dams it used to hold waste water from iron ore. The breeches caused rivers of mud to descend on nearby village ers. 11 people were killed and 12 are still missing presumed dead. Samarco is owned by Vale from Brazil and the Anglo-Australian company BHP Billiton. Time to check in with what's trending on-line. Here's Matt Cargill with News Exchange. A policy shift by NSW police is generating discussion on-line, as officers are trained to shoot armed extremists on sight. It's a change from the contain and negotiate approach. Senior police say recent terrorist attacks have prompted the rethink.If police see evidence of people being killed, they have to act. We're simply trying to equip them so they can react in a better way. The armed offender training is based on a US model. FBI instructors have advised local officers. Let us know your thoughts. Hackers have issued a warning to the Islamic State group following the Paris terrorist attacks. A video has also surfaced linked to the international network of cyberattackers featuring a man wearing a Guy Fawkes mask. He labels the attackers as vermin and they'd been hunted down. The collective claims to have identified 40,000 suspected IS profiles and reported them to Twitter. The 25,000 accounts are suspended. In Paris, the Eiffel Tower has been lit up in the colours of the French flag. It's a mark of respect to the victims of Friday's atrocity. On the streets of the capital, people are returning to cafes, bars and busy tros and sharing photos. They're using a hashtag translated it reads "I am on the terrace. " The phrase picks up on the city's outdoor cafe culture. Astronauts on the International Space Station have paused in honour of the victims of the Paris attacks.We stand with the people around the world that fight against what is right, against terrorism and for all of our common good. Thank you. NASA teams around the world also observed the silent tribute. A Facebook campaign aiming to get a cover of a Duran Duran song to No.1 in the UK charts is getting plenty of support. It's performed by Eagles of Death Metal. 89 people were killed at the venue. The group performed 'Save a Prayer' on UK television last month. (Sings) # Say a prayer for me now # Save it till the morning after... # The effort has won the support of Duran Duran's lead singer.

A Brisbane woman continues to attract interest after her Facebook plea for parents to vaccinate their children went viral. Rebecca showed video of her comforting her 4-month-old son Austin who has whooping cough. That video's had close to a million views since it was uploaded on Saturday. She was overwhelmed with messages of support, but anti-vaxers seem to feel they can share and say anything they want. Today there was another update, Austin is back in hospital and it's time for her to go private to focus on her son and his health. Queensland Health offered a health alert for the greater Brisbane earth. Eurovision continues to trend. Organisers of the song contest have announced Australia will compete again next year in the semifinals. Here's what's being searched on Google across Australia. Now to other items from across the social Web:

The G20 has ended in Turkey. On Facebook PM Malcolm Turnbull says it concluded with the renewed commitment to economic growth and the policies that will secure it. Three cats stole the limelight at the talks. The felines ventured onto the stage moments before the leaders of the world's major economies were due to appear. On Twitter, users suggested the cats had been brought in as extra security. The BBC's Duncan Stone said the US and Russian presidents were upstaged by the strays. What do you think, Scott and Kumi? Cats are probably better than tumble weed? I think so, I'm not sure what Scott would say. Scott is not a cat fan, he's a rabbit fan. Time for the weather with Graham Creed. Fire weather warnings and fire bans through all the southern mainland States. Western Australia, South Australia, into Victoria, also through parts of NSW tomorrow. This is as a pool of hot air moves across the central and south-eastern States. Very hot and strong winds through Western Australia along a trough. Much cooler conditions developing through the western areas of the State. Through Queensland, several days of severe thunderstorms. They're contracting up to the far north. Most likely just showers and isolated storms. Showers about the Central Coast will contract north as the day progresses.


Today's top stories - the French military has conducted a fresh round of air strikes in Syria in the Islamic State stronghold of Raqqa. Officials have named the man they believe to be the mastermind behind the Paris terror attacks. Belgian man Abdelhamid Abaaoud is reportedly from the district of Molenbeek in Brussels which is home to other members of the cell that killed at least 129 people. He is thought to now be in Syria.The PM Malcolm Turnbull has arrived in Manila for the APEC summit. Mr Turnbull will meet with US President Barack Obama during the summit with plans to intensify air strikes against Islamic State targets in Syria likely to dominate talks. President Obama has ruled out dispatching a major US ground force to fight IS in Syria and Iraq and it's understood Australia will not be asked to boost its commitment to the coalition. Police in NSW are being trained to shoot and kill armed attackers amid growing fears about further terrorism attacks in Australia. Senior NSW police say in most cases officers will still try to contain and negotiate with armed offenders, but in extreme situations they will shoot on sight. The sharemarket has closed with healthy gains across the board .

Now the day's sports news, here's Amanda Shalala with Grandstand.Mitchell Johnson calls time on his international cricket career. The 34-year-old has played his final Test innings at his adopted home the WACA. I'm Amanda Shalala and this is Grandstand.