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This Program is Captioned Live by CSI Australia Authorities in Europe name the suspected mastermind of the deadly terror attacks in Paris. The Foreign Minister rules out Australia sending ground troops into Syria in response to the Paris attacks.Terrorism experts gather in Sydney to discuss cutting cash flow to terrorist groups.Good afternoon, you're watching ABC News, I'm Ros Childs. Also ahead on the program - billionaire Frank Lowy steps down as head of the Football Federation after 11 years in the top job.And another Steve Smith century puts Australia back on top in the second Test at the WACA in Perth. Police in France and Belgium have conducted raids and detained more than 20 people but they're still searching for one of the most wanted men in Europe, the brother of one of the suicide bombers who has been implicated in Friday's deadly attacks. And France's President is vowing to destroy Islamic State and is preparing to introduce extraordinary measures to prevent further terrorist attacks. Melissa Clarke reports.Belgian police surrounded an apartment building in Molenbeek but the man they were after proved elusive.Police believe Salah Abdeslam was directly involved in the attacks. One brother, a suicide bomber, another brother home with their parents. TRANSLATION: We're thinking of the victims and their families but you have to understand that we have a mum, a family, and above all, he's still her son. He stays they haven't heard from their relative on the run. TRANSLATION: My family and I are very moved by what's happened. We found out about it from the television as many of you did and we never thought that one of my brothers could be linked to this attack. Neighbours too expressed shock.Trance -I'm really shocked he was implicateded in something like that because he was not really Islamist type of guy.Another man from Molenbeek, 27-year-old Abdelhamid Abaaoud is thought to have planned the coordinated attacks from Syria. He's believed to be mind the thwarted gun attack on a high-speed train to Paris this year. While police were hunting the perpetrators, the President was going after a bigger target. TRANSLATION: Our enemy in Syria is IS. It is not a matter of containing but of destroying this organisation.He called an extraordinary meeting of France's Congress at Versailles to outline extraordinary measures to extend the state of emergency for 3 months and to strip French-born terrorists of their citizenship.I honestly believe that we need to update our constitution to allow the authorities to act within the law against the terrorism of war.The President's mission received the backing of the US.This is an assault, not just on France but coming on the heels of brutal attacks in Lebanon, Iraq and elsewhere, it is an assault on our collective sense of reason and purpose. An attack on civility itself.But France is yet to finish mourning.Today a minute's silence. (Singing)At Versailles, and around France, a moment for reflection and solidarity. Australia stand with France Terror
at this most difficult time. Terror has no place in civilised society and we can't allow the terrorists to win.Blue, white and red shining through the darkness. The Foreign Minister Julie Bishop and former army chief have rebuffed Tony Abbott's call for Australian troops on the ground in Syria.The former PM's intervention follows the Paris attacks and talks between world leaders at the G20 in Turkey. But Ms Bishop says the world is forming a coalition against terrorism and Australia's working closer than ever with nations fighting IS. Political reporter Dan Conifer. As commander in chief, Tony Abbott boosted our military's efforts against Islamic State in Iraq and Syria.Air strikes started just
against IS targets in Syria started just days before he was ousted as leader. Now, about 2 months on, he says Australia should be prepared to do more. As Tony Abbott well knows, Australia does not act unilaterally. We have to have a legal basis under international law to send our forces into other countries.Mr Abbott's written a column arguing the case for Australian troops operating in Syria and Iraq saying: Foreign Minister Julie Bishop says such a move could expose Australian forces to unnecessary risks.For their own protection, but as well because Australia plays by the rules and we're not going to expose our soldiers to international consequences should we be acting unilaterally.To put boots on the ground you've got to be able to understand what the shape of victory is and in terms of Syria, we have really no idea what the shape of victory is.The former PM's call came as the US President Barack Obama ruled out putting American boots on the ground.It is not just my view, but the view of my closest military and civilian advisers that that would be a mistake.Talks between the US and Russia on the side lines of the G20 have given Australia hope of an international coalition to tackle terrorism.Countries that we might not otherwise have had an intelligence or security relationship with. The globe is forming a coalition against terrorism.Unlikely fellows fighting against an continues to
unprecedented threat.As France continues to mourn the victims of the weekend's terror attacks, Sydney is hosting an international counter-terrorism summit. Ministers, ambassadors and academics are taking part in the gathering that has been organised by the Federal Government. Reporter Nick Dole has more. So Nick, what's the focus of this summit?Well, Ros, this summit is all about taking from terrorists one of the key weapons in their arsenal and that's money. It's about cutting off the funding to terrorist organisations and using financial intelligence to alert authorities about potential attacks. In Australia alone in the last financial year, there were 367 transactions that were identified as being suspect, or potentially linked to terrorist activities and in Australia already there have been several businesses shut down because authorities suspect that terrorists or terrorist sympathisers could use those businesses to move money overseas and the Justice Minister, Michael Keenan, opened today's summit and he says that cash and the easy flow of cash is relied on by terrorists greatly and that's why it's so important to nip it in the bud.Is there more that we can do in a collaborative sense, is there more we can do in a legislative sense, do we have the legislation that enabled us to share seamlessly and realtime the intelligence we need to do? Stheas what this sum jit is about and it's an ongoing commitment of both our governments.The who exactly is taking part?Well there are delegates from 18 different countries and it's been organised by AUSTRAC. We just heard, actually, from the CEO, Paul Jevtovic. He says that they're on the look out for all sorts of things because it's not illegal to send money overseas but AUSTRAC is looking for suspect transactions. So it might be the location of the recipient, it might be a different pattern's emerging, that the amounts that are being sent and so that's one of the things that AUSTRAC is focussing on. Another is the increasing movement of money using social media. Paul Jevtovic told the conference today that sometist or terrorist organisations will be looking to Facebook, to crowd source funding and so that remains an ongoing challenge. So as I say, Michael Keenan, the Justice Minister, opened the summit and he says the importance of cash flow really can't be under estimated.Disrupting terrorism financing is a key part of doing that. Terrorism financing not only funds individual attacks and operations, it can also help to support other parts of the terrorist enterprise such as living expenses, travel or compensation for terrorist fieckt fighters. Cutting off the funds at the source can make a significant difference to national security in Australia, to the security of the region and to the security of the globe.Of course, Nick, events in France can't be far away from anyone's mind there?Certainly not, Ros, and indeed the summit did open with a minute's silence for the victims of the Paris atrocity. Of course there were representatives from the French Government as well. The Consul-General is in a ten - attendance at the summit today and the French flag is flying there as well. It was pointed out any terrorist attack, including the Paris atrocity, at some point would have needed some sort of a financial transaction to occur, to allow it to happen. So that's why this summit is so important.Thanks, Nick. Paceman Mitchell Johnson has announced his retirement. He will quit all form of cricket at the conclusion of the second Test at the WACA in Perth. 'Grandstand''s Mark Douglass has all the details. Was this a difficult decision for him?No doubt it's always difficult when you call time on a career but in the lead up to this match Mitchell Johnson had been talking extensively about the idea of retirement. It had been floating throughout this Test that possibly this would be the Test that he calls it quits. Of course he's an adopted West Australian, started his career in Queensland but now plays in Western Australia. It's probably the right time to be able to, at the WACA Ground, end his career. He said in a brief statement that he doesn't know that he can compete consistently well enough now to wear the baggy green so he's going to step away at the end of this game. He finishes - will finish his career as the 4th highest wicket-taking Australian behind the likes of Shane Warne, Glenn McGrath and Dennis Lilly. So it's rare company and he's taken something like 311 wickets, a chance to take more than that potentially today in his 72 matches, an average of 28. They're good figures and he will leave the game as an impressive figure in Australian cricket. But probably one who didn't fulfil his entire potential.So what shape will he leave the Australian team in?Well, pretty good shape. We've got a good stock of fast bowlers coming through the ranks, he's going to hand over the baton as the spear - head of the attack to Mitchell Starc. Johnson has had some tremendous series, 2013 wh he dominated an Ashes series, he'd been dropped in 2010. A real mixture of a career. The stocks are good, the likes of James patinson coming back from injury in Victoria. So there are plenty of bowlers coming through the ranks and at 34 he's probably given it everything he can.See you later with the rest of the sports news for now. Thanks.Thanks, Ros.In what's been seen as a landmark ruling, Victoria's so-called baseline sentencing law has been described as defective by the Federal Court of the Court of Appeal. The legislation came into effect a year ago and was designed to beef up prison sentences by introducing median terms for murder and other serious offences. Now that law is under a - cloud. Reporter Karen Percy is at the court. What have the justices had to say today?It's been a pretty scathing judgment. Four out of the five of the full bench of the Court of Appeal of Victoria have been very, very condemning of these laws, special - essentially saying they're unworkable and I quote "The baseline sentencing provision's incapable of being given any practical operation. The President of the Court of Appeal saying "In the present case the defect in the legislation is incurable." Now this legislation first came into effect a year ago. It was just after there was an election here in Victoria, change of government. It was actually introduced by the previous Liberal s National Government of Dennis Napthine trying to get tough on crime in response to community concerns about the kinds of sentencing that's been going on. So what in fact happened was 7 offences, 4 of them related to child sex offence for murder as well as drug trafficking and culpable driving death, all had a median sentence or the aim to have a median sentence that was higher, some 10 years, for example, for incest which is in this case and the court's saying today Parliament did not provide any mechanism for the achievement of these intended future median and the court has no authority to create one. And the justices here know that they are taking on the politicians. They've said in this ruling, 60 pages, these provisions are without precedent in Australia and Australian sentencing law and this was the first occasion on which a court had been called to interpret them.What's the reaction been from the Victorian Government?Well, the Attorney-General, we've typically heard some of this political fallout today saying that it was in fact the previous Government that created this mess and we've got to fix it up. But he's not giving any indication as to what might happen here. There are a couple of options. The law can be dropped all together or it can be reworked or perhaps the DPP takes it to the High Court to see what the High Court has to say. As yet, we don't know what the Victorian Government is going to do about it except that there's a lot of politicking going on right now. The first of 12,000 Syrian refugees are due to arrive in Australia today. The Social Services Minister, Christian Porter, says a family of 5 will arrive in Perth after a stringent screening process. The Minister says the couple and their 3 children have been in refugee camps for a long period of time with more Syrian month.One of the
families due to arrive next the
month.One of the suspects in the Paris attack was among a boat load of asylum seekers who arrived on the Greek island of Leros last month. There the cost guard continues to rescue stranded migrants. The UNHCR have assured most are genuine refugees fleeing the Syrian conflict.They're also running from ISIS and running from the Assad regime. It's just very shameful that one person apparently was - had different motives.A Syrian passport initially registered in Greece was found near the body of a suicide bomber at the Stade de France.Doctors in New York are heralding a new era in face transplant surgery after giving a badly disfigured fire fighter new scalp, ears and eyelids. He had his face burnt off during a home fire 14 years ago. Now his children know he's the recipient of what's claimed to be the most extensive face transplant. He was given the face of a 26-year-old man left brain dead after a cycling accident. The 150-strong medical team practised for a year before undertaking the 26-hour operation.Stay with us, we'll take a look at the markets next and coming up later in the program - the end of an era for Australian football. Frank Lowy steps down as FFA chairman. After more than 50 years of powering SA, the Leigh Creek coal mine will close today. About 250 workers will be looking for new employment and a big number will have to move to find it.The closure of Alinta Energy's mine at Leigh Creek has been known for some months now but the future of many residents here remains unclear. About 450 people live here and many will inevitably have to move away to find work.That also makes for an unsettling time for the younger generations. But it seems they're getting some help to make the transition a little easier.I've lived here all my life and I can't imagine living somewhere else.It's a sad time for students at Leigh Creek Area School.My friends are like a family to me but now we all have to go in different directions.They've been creating a film to help them understand what's happening to their home.A few of them don't feel comfortable talking about the change that's happening and this film is a great way of them being able to express their feelings towards the closure.It's a project they've been working on since Alinta Energy announced the town's open-pit mine was to close. About 250 residents will be looking for work, many who have kids at the local school.It's just a time of unknowing. We don't know where we're going to go. We'll go where my husband gets work.Enrolment numbers are expected to halve in the next 2 years, dropping from more than 100 to about 40. Teachers will also have to consider their futures.So in the process of looking somewhere new which is sad because I don't feel I'll be able to find someplace just as good as Leigh Creek.About 450 people live in Leigh Creek and when its population inevitably declines it's not known what will happen to the many buildings in town. The school says while it may not need some of its classroom s in the future it's yet to decide whether some will be removed. But for now it's not the infrastructure that is at the front of teacher's minds.I guess everybody's known the change is going to happen and part of our role is to make sure that that's as seamless as possible. Yes, kids will find it difficult but they're really resilient and I think processes like this help as well.Residents here know they're on the cusp of big change over the next few months. One cafe owner has told me she will be closing her doors in the next few weeks. Now workers at the mine will be gathering tomorrow for a final goodbye barbecue which will mark the end of an important era .Finance news now, here's reporter Alicia Barry. So the Reserve Bank sounding more positive about the economy?Well the Reserve Bank has set a very high bar for another interest rate cut and in the minutes of its November meeting today, the Reserve Bank says a weaker currency and strong employment growth in the services sector suggests there are better economic conditions ahead for the Australian economy. Of course the minutes were written before that huge jump in employment we saw last Thursday in the October figures that were released by the ABS and despite some analysts questioning their validity, these minutes are a little bit out of date but the RBA is expecting the overall economy to strengthen gradually over the next 2 years as the drag on growth from the drop off in mining investment starts to ease and activity in other sectors picks up. The RBA isn't too worried about an increase in the home loan rates by some lender s which of course is going to take effect this month. Slowing growth in Asia remains a bit of a concern and of course the RBA has left the cash rate or the official interest rate at 2% since May this year. It's likely to stay there for some time.And compensation costs are growing in Brazil for BHP Billiton?Well that's right. Now the Brazilian mining firm who, of course, runs the Samarco mine in Brazil where that tragic fatal dam accident occurred has said it will pay at least $260 million for the environmental damage after those two dams burst in Brazil. The collapse of the dams, of course, unleashed toxic waste through the village of Bento Rodrigues killing at least 9 people. The costs associated with that deadly dam burst have so far exceeded the insurance cap for civil penalties already. According to prosecutors the company, which, of course, is part owned by BHP Billiton and Brazil's Vale have signed an agreement to guarantee payment for compensation measures. Deutsche Bank analysts have put a figure on what they expect these costs to blow out to and they could top US $1 billion.A rebound on the markets today?We are seeing gains on the Australian share market. It's staging a rebound tracking gains on Wall Street overnight.

As we mentioned earlier, Australian fast bowler Mitchell Johnson has confirmed that today will be his last of international cricket. Australia leads by 193 runs with 8 wickets remaining heading into the last day of the second cricket Test against New Zealand in Perth. Australian skipper Steve Smith has brought up his 12th test century. While New Zealand batsman Ross Taylor fell just 10 runs short of a triple century posting the highest score ever for a visiting batsman in Australia.It's the moment Adam Voges has waited his entire career for.Well he's done it.Adam Voges has fulfilled the dream.Voges hit his second Test hundred and first on Australian soil on a ground where he grew up playing the game.Very, very special. It probably doesn't get much better than this, to be honest, to be here in front of friends and family and, yeah, a bit lost for words really. But very, very special.The 36-year-old shared an unbeaten 212-run partnership with skipper Steven Smith. Smith also hit triple figures. His 12th Test century to put Australia in control.Doesn't he love the captaincy. That's his 4th hundred as captain.It's been a match dominated by the bat and most of the damage has been done by the blade of Ross Taylor. Certainly back in form in a big way.Taylor finished just 10 runs short of a triple century. But it was still a remarkable innings. The records tumbled as he batted the Black Caps back into the series. Taylor recorded his highest Test score. It was the highest score by a visiting batsman in Australia. He became the first Black Caps player to make 200 against Australia. While it was the third highest Test score by a New Zealand batsman in history.In the process, he also became the second fastest Black Caps batsman to reach 5,000 Test runs.The 31-year-old was the last New Zealand wicket to fall as the batsman again dominated play in a match that appears to be heading for a draw.Now for more sports news here's 'Grandstand''s Mark Douglass once again. A new era in Australian football begins today.That's right. No more Frank Lowy has chairman of the FFA and it's been quite a ride under Frank Lowy. The A-League was born under his chairmanship, Australia qualified for the World Cup every time since he took over as chairman and of course this was all celebrated last night over the 10th anniversary for that Socceroos team that qualified for the 2006 World Cup. There was Frank walking down the gold carpet. He was there with many of his luminaries, John Howard the former PM was there as well. Some of the members of that Socceroos team. He's done an incredible amount for football in this country. An incredible agrees with
amount for soccer. Not everyone agrees with everything he's done but he's handing over the baton to a family member, his son Steven, who will now be the new chairman. But it was interesting last night to hear Socceroos
some of the thoughts of the Socceroos from back then, in particular John Aloisi who struck that goal to put Australia into the World Cup in 2006, about Frank Lowy's legacy.I'd give him most of the credit. What Mr Lowy has done for us, for our game is incredible. You know, I just spoke about, you know, being in Asia and A-League and that's all down to Mr Lowy.And the Socceroos in action tonight, Mark?That's right. This is a World Cup qualifier in Bangladesh. A game that was in some doubt given the security situation in Bangladesh. It's a bit of a hit-and-run mission for the Australians. They've flown in today, they will play tonight in Dhaka and then they will get out as soon as possible. It's a match that they should win. Bangladesh have been struggling. If Australia wins it they will move to the top of their group. This is all after their win last week against Kazakhstan where they - Tajikistan where they won 3-0. They had plenty of chances. They're expected again to dominate this match and go further towards the next step of the process. But we should see tomorrow morning a win something in the vicinity of 3 or 4-0. Hopefully.Let's hope so. The NBL could come down hard over some foul play?It's been a fairly fiery start to the season. A lot of incidents have come before the NBL tribunal. One player in particular, we're highlighting here is Brian Conklin who is charged with another striking offence. He was charged a couple of weeks ago for a strike on the Perth Wildcats skipper Damian Martin that left him with a broken jaw. He got off that one. He may not get off this one tonight, a strike on Mitch Creek. The other incident the tribunal will look at is this here with a fairly crude strike. So he might find himself out for a couple of games and facing a bit of a fine because that wasn't much of an effort.They're so tall, when they fall they fall pretty hard.That's right, Ros. Thanks.As Mark has just mentioned, Frank Lowy is officially stepping down as chairman of the FFA after 11 years in the top job. But the 85-year-old is keeping it in the family, handing over the reigns - reins to his younger son Steven.This moment sums up so much of what Frank Lowy achieve s as FFA chairman.Socceroos, champions of Asia.Asia can - soccer can be used as a bridge to Asia and he recognised that.In 1993 he was elected chairman of the FFA. First on his list was a new national league removing the ethnic ties that had anchored it for so long.He was a driving force in the first national league of Australia and he was the driving force in the second and the first has done better than the - the fecked has done better than the first.His next goal was to end Australia's World Cup hoodoo and thanks to a golden generation of players, the dream came to life.He scores, Australia have done it!But it didn't all go to plan. In 2007 Frank Lowy won government support to join him. In bidding for a World Cup. $45 million of taxpayer funds went into the campaign which only yielded 1 vote.We counted these numbers 55,000 times. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, I mean how many people can count?A fall from the stage during last season's A-League grand final caused a scare among his supporters in the soccer community but true to form he bounced back.It's not a perfect scorecard but to me the positives hugely outweigh the negatives.Frank Lowy's son Steven has been appointed his successor.A quick look at the national weather now:

Stay with u, coming up later in the program - ancient treasures unearthed from a burial site in China including what arkcologists say is the oldest known portrait of Confucius. A reminder of the top stories. French investigators say they're hunting a 27-year-old Belgian man suspected of being the mastermind behind the Paris attacks. Abdelhamid Abaaoud is reportedly from Molenbeek in Brussels, home to other members of the cell that killed at least 129 people. He's now thought to be in Syria. The Foreign Minister, Julie Bishop, has ruled out leading the charge to send troops into Syria and Iraq in the wake of the Paris attacks. Former PM Tony Abbott has called for Australia to expand its military role in battling Islamic State . Ms Bishop says any change to Australia's commitment in the region will be made after talks with coalition nations.The Federal Justice Minister has told a summit in Sydney the Government is moving to forge closer ties with Asian nations to stamp out terrorism. Michael Keenan will travel to Malaysia, Singapore and the Philippines next month to work on improving intelligence sharing.And Australian fast bowler Mitchell Johnson, has confirmed today will be his last in international cricket.Johnson will retire from all forms of the game at the conclusion of the second Test against New Zealand in Perth. The 34-year-old will leave as Australia's 4th highest Test wicket taker having claimed 311 in 73 matches.We're back now to our top story. It's been another emotional day in Paris as people marked a minute's silence and the memorials at the murder sites continue to overflow with flowers and candles. The French President is vowing tough action and calling for changes to the country's constitution to give him the powers to destroy Islamic State. Prosecutors say they've now identified 6 of the suspected attackers, all of whom are known to have travelled to Syria at some point and they're still hunting for one man who is on the run. After the tears, and the screams..A minute of silence for those murdered on Friday. Led in Paris by the French President and mirrored across the country.And a - abroad.

(Sings national anthem) Ending almost everywhere in France with a heartfelt burst of patriotism. People told me the moment of reflection was hugely important. TRANSLATION: We're French, the attacks were aimed at us, at my generation, it could have been me. It could have been him. TRANSLATION: We never thought this would happen to us. But terror has come to us here at home.This is the man investigators now believe coordinated the attacks. 27-year-old jihadist Abdelhamid Abaaoud. He called in this video for the murder of those fighting Islam and he's been linked to other attacks in Europe. He was born in Brussels and filmed here in Syria where he's still thought to be.The focus of the investigation is outside France now with strong links to Syria and increasingly Brussels' Molenbeek district. Police launched a big operation here today, hunting for the missing 8th gunman of the Paris attacks, the brother of one of the suicide bombers. They didn't find him but another brother came forward with this message about France's most wanted. TRANSLATION: We didn't think for a moment that our brothers were involved. We're thinking of the victims.Of the families of the victims but you misunderstand as well that we have a mother, a family and they are still her children. Meanwhile, in France, police have identified the remains of two more of his accomplices. One of them worked as a driver on the 148 bus here in Paris. And overnight, French police launched what they describe as antiterrorist raids across the country, making more than 100 house arrests. The authorities here are nervous there could be plans for further attacks. At an extraordinary meeting of the French Parliament today, President Hollande said France was at war. TRANSLATION: Our enemy in Syria is Islamic State. It is not a question of containing but of destroying this organisation. critics who
The President wants to silence critics who say he's weak and has failed on security. He emergency
called today for the state of emergency to be extended by 3 months and for changes to the French constitution to better tackle terror.After a long weekend filled with anguish, today on Monday it was back to work for Parisians but far from back to normal. They're constantly on their smart phones, trying to digest a dizzying stream of rumour, revelation and arrests. There were lot of robust statements from the French Government but here on the streets people worry the security of their country is far from guaranteed. You see policemen and soldiers all over central Paris now. The Government promises even more. But tough political talk of a war on terror makes some Parisians nervous that could raise the risk of more violence here at home.Australia's Resources Minister, Josh Frydenberg, is in Paris for a conference and paid tribute to the city's casualties. He laid a wreath outside the Bataclan Theatre and later spoke to Europe correspondent Lisa Millar.It's so sombre to be in Paris and to walk the streets and to see all these memorials on every street corner, with French flags, personal messages, flowers and candles as people have their own private vigils to the more than 120 people who have tragically lost their lives and the hundreds that have been injured. Australia stands with France at this most difficult time. Terrorism has no place in a civilised society and we cannot allow the terrorists to win.You were struck by what Francois Hollande said earlier today?Yes, the ambassador briefed me on that speech and his opening words that France is at war, but also the very powerful message that France will defeat terrorism, terrorism won't defeat France and there is solidarity here. There is a sense of purpose and unity among the French people. Everyone is in a sense of disbelief as to what has actually transpired here but I'm sure that the French people will rebound and rebound strongly.You don't think there will be pressure for changes in policy or strategy in Australia because of this?Well I think across the world there will be many questions that need to be asked and answers given as to how did these people get to have the sophisticated weaponry that they did, how did they plan such a coordinated attack? How could suicide bombers get so close to the stadium of France? All those are serious questions that no doubt the French authorities themselves will be seeking to answer.And the strategy on Syria?Well I'm sure the heads of State, our PM, Mr Turnbull, is at the G20 meeting right now and I'm sure they're the very discussions that he and the Foreign Minister, Julie Bishop, are having. But both the Foreign Minister and the PM have been very strong in their words, that we will defeat this terrorist threat and we will do everything at home to make sure that the Australian people are safe.Now to the international reaction to the developments in France and moves to fight ISIS from Washington. Here's North America correspondent Michael Vincent.Well everyone agrees that according to Barack Obama that Islamic State is the face of pure evil and that they agree it should be defeated. But even he says that not everyone agrees on how to do that. He has given a very strident defence of his strategy in terms of defeating Islamic State, fending off criticism that even after a year that Islamic State still holds major cities and has been able to launch major terrorist attacks abroad saying they hold less ground than they did and let's look at the options. He basically game played several of the options with journalists in the aud audience saying if you want to set up a safe Haven that will be a magnet for people who want to do suicide bombings. He said, we could, quite easily, take Mosul and Raqqa and Ramadi. It could not be a strategy that he said would be repeated in Africa and places like Yemen or in Asia. Let's hear from President Obama.Don't shoot first and aim later. It's important for us to get the strategy right and the strategy that we are pursuing is the right one.9 Republican governors have come out, mind you 2 of those are also Republican presidential candidates, but 9 Republican governors have come out and said they do not want Syrian refugees, they will take steps to stop Syrian refugees coming into their State as part of a relocation. Their criticism of that initially was you're setting yourself up for a massive class action against you, one, and on the other hand, presidential candidates like Jeb Bush have said only Christian refugees should be allowed in. President Obama has had an extremely strong response to that.That's not American.It's not who we are. We don't have religious tests to our compassion.The Philippines has stepped up security in Manila ahead of the APEC summit where PM Malcolm Turnbull will arrive later today. Security and terrorism will be at the top of the agenda but there will be many other issues the Australian delegation will look to cover as South-East Asia correspondent Samantha Hawley reports.Security was always going to be tight for this APEC summit but in the wake of the Paris attacks, the Filipino Government has issued a red alert, sending tens of thousands of police and soldiers onto the streets of Manila. The police chief here insists there's no specific threat but with leaders from the US, China, Japan and Australia descending on the capital in the hours ahead, they're not taking any chances. Malcolm Turnbull will arrive here soon straight from the G20 meeting in Turkey. His key agenda item today is his first official bilateral meeting with the US President Barack Obama. The Paris attacks and the increasing threat of Islamic State extremism will dominate their talks.The leaders of the G20 nations are utterly united in a commitment to defeat terrorism. We had a very good discussion about domestic policies, about international policies and there was very, again, very strong statements, especially from the leaders of the big Muslim countries in the room.But this APEC summit won't be all about terrorism. The Transpacific partnership deal will also get an airing with the onus on President Obama to convince the nations that have signed up including Australia, that the deal will pass the US Congress. And it's not on the official agenda at China's insistence, but tensions on the South China Sea will also get an airing.Heavy rain in northern Iraq has caused flooding in camps for people dis displaced by violence. Aid agencies say unless funding is made available immediately those camps are vulnerable to disease.Winter has arrived in the Kurdistan region of northern Iraq. A few days of rain have turned makeshift streets into muddy paths.This woman is desperate. She's lived here for 18 months after escaping ISIL fighters who seized her home in Mosul. Now she and her family are freezing in this camp.Sometimes we sleep in the kitchen, other times in the bathroom. We have no place to go because of the rain and the storms. The other day our tent collapsed on the kids. When it rains the power goes off.This camp is typical of many others across northern Iraq which are struggling to cope with the winter weather. The UN refugee agency, UNHCR, has a cash crisis and has cut back on the services it provides.Winter is making the crisis worse.Money's scarce and falling oil prices mean the regional government is struggling to provide basic needs.The biggest challenge for this camp and many others isn't the cold, it's the rain. And as you can see, it can come down very heavily.Now for the most vulnerable, the children, this is a real challenge. If disease takes a hold in this camp, it can spread very quickly.The general manager of the camp doesn't have enough funding or infrastructure. TRANSLATION: We are much concerned from rainstorms. We're doing our best to overcome such harsh conditions by providing waterproof covers for these tents. But frankly speaking, these tents can't survive strong rainstorms.It's been 8 months since the head of the UN refugee agency warned that the crisis was at tipping point and that more money was desperately needed. That money still hasn't arrived. So these people continue to face misery every day under the canvas.In China, more treasures have been unearthed from a vast burial site that's thought to be at least 2,000 years old. They include pieces of a lacquer screen with an image archaeologists say could be the oldest known portrait of Confucius.It's a delicate process and even when it's done it's hard to tell. But experts say these pieces of lacquer screen are important clues to ancient history. TRANSLATION: We can see at the excavation site Chinese characters on the screens which are about the life of Confucius and the portrait is also likely to be Confucius.The owner is thought to be Lui He. His grandfather was emperor Wu who is said to have ushered in one of the most prosperous period in Chinese history and spread the teaching of a philosophy who remains important to many in China. TRANSLATION: The Han dynasty upheld Confucianism. It was practiced but the rule of Emperor Wu.Lui He himself was an emperor for 27 days before being deposed for a lack of talent and morals. But it's believed he was till buried in a lavish tomb amongst his many possessions. The screens can tell us the hire arkial Al status of the tomb owner.This 40,000 square cemetery has yielded more than 10,000 relics so far including chariots, lamp, ancient coins an imperial gold. All helping to piece together a clearer picture of an ancient empire.Back to the counter-terrorism summit in Sydney now. Australia's financial intelligence unit, or as AUSTRAC is Koh hoeing the summit and the head of AUSTRAC is Paul Jevtovic. Thanks for being with us. Paris obviously very much on the minds of everyone. What do you hope might come out of this summit that could prevent similar attacks in the future?Well thanks, Ros. Obviously we're very pleased to be collaborating with our Indonesian colleagues but more importantly, a number of countries have around South-East Asia. We have over 18 countries from around the world here, over 80 international delegates and I think that sends a very important message that this is a global fight and therefore we need to collaborate globally. We have the private sector both from Australia and overseas here, we have academia here, and that also sends a message that we need to have the most diverse coalition of partners as we possibly can because this threat and this risk is beyond any one of us.How are you working together as a group to that aim now and how do you want to move things forward?Well, what we've been doing with the Indonesians over the last decade is helping to build their capability which, over 10 years now, has resulted in more active operational activity and I think that's one of the important learnings that we have to offer more broadly in the region is that what can start Aztec nickal assistance and capability building will eventually manifest itself in more effective sharing of intelligence and operational activity. We've been exchanging analysts with our Indonesian colleagues now for a number of years. We're hoping we can expand that strategy more broadly in the region and see greater exchanges of officers in our respective organisations to again, build close er ties, exchange expertise and exchange intelligence.How much is known about how IS is funded? Where do they get the money?Well, they are entrepreneurial, unfortunately. They will use every means available to them to fund their terrorist activity and I think we need to remind ourselves that they are running like a State and they've got salaries to pay. They've got people to feed. They are weapons to purchase. The financial support for these terrorist cells is critical to their existence, which is why we need to attack them globally. We need to shut off all the supplies of finances that they're generating from the crimes that they might be committing in some countries to the ken uragement of sympathisers in others and I'm extremely concerned by the growing use of social networking, for example, to draw funds from citizens from around the world and, you know, it's an economy of scale. The more effective they are with their social networking to invite donations, for example, when you think about it, it doesn't take more than, you know, a couple of people in each country around the world for that to add up. That's obviously a key focus in this summit is how do we respond when they are using the unregulated arena of social networking, for example.So it is easy, then, if IS to fly under the radar when it comes to the movement of money and how easy is it for outsiders and organisations such as AUSTRAC to track that?Well, Ros, it's extremely difficult but we don't walk away from the challenge and one of the things about this summit was that it's not in response to any particular terrorist attack or any recent catastrophe. The summit's been scheduled for some time which I think sends a signal that we are constantly challenging ourselves. Yes, we are often looking for a needle in a haystack in our annual report this year we spoke about some $53 million being related to suspect terrorism financing transactions. Well we know that quite a large amount of that $53 million is actually legitimate. So we have to look within the legitimate transactions for those suspect transactions. And that's the reality of our challenge and it's only through better understanding the profiles. We will learn from what's occurred in the tragic events in Paris. We will work with our colleagues from my French counterparts to understand what were the financing mechanisms that led to them being able to execute the terrorist act that they did. So we will continue to apply that learning and summits like this are very proactive steps in making sure that we are as much at the cutting edge of understanding how they fund terrorism as we can be.Paul Jevtovic, thank you for taking the time to speak to us today.Thanks, Ros. Stay with us, coming up next - a quick check of the markets and then play to power, generating electricity to get people to talk about conservation. A quick look at the latest market figures then:

Melbourne's Federation Square has turned into a playground after an 8-person swing set was installed by the CSIRO. But it isn't all frivolous fun. The researchers are hoping their swing will kick off a conversation about energy conservation. Reporter Robert Baird checked it out.The CSIRO's infinity swing was actually an 8-seat electricity generator. It's just been relocated from Sydney where 4,000 people tried it out over 5 days. Now I'm joined here by research director Glenn Platt. Glenn, how are you?Great, thank you, good morning.So how much power can you actually get from this swing?Well, each seat makes roughly 5 watts which isn't really much, it's enough to maybe light one downlight in your kitchen.So it's not going to have an application, the kids playground may not turn necessarily into powering people's homes?No, ace not about making a way to make electricity to power our houses. Certainly energy harvesting, the technology inside it has some niche applications but really the swing's about starting a conversation around energy, about taking something that's kind of invisible to us and making it so you can feel it.So how does this work here today?Well, as you swing on the seat, it makes electricity that lights up the letters and the lights on the ropes around us. And also changes the music that you're listening to as you change the swinging.So over the space of 5 days how much power was generated when this was in Sydney?We had a few hundred watt-hours, which is enough to maybe run a small air conditioner for an hour. So not a great deal.Does it say something about just how hard it is to generate this level of power?Yes, spot on, exactly. I think this is a really good way to show that energy's hard to come by. It's not easy, you've got to swing pretty hard just to make enough electricity to light up a letter. But, science and technology is a solution to that. So we really don't want it to be about having cold showers and hot beers. Science and technology can mean, even though energy's hard to get, we can still have a lifestyle we like.Alright, Glenn, thanks for joining us. Let's have a bit of a ride. Now the infinity swing will be here in Federation Square in the Saturday, 7:30 in the morning till 10pm. Come on down and have a swing.Robert needs to work on his technique a little bit there too, straight leg. Let's take a look at the national weather now. Here's Kirsten.It is heating up across most of the nation this week. A little cloud around today in Queensland, just some showers and the odd storm and over in WA a trough is bringing some thundery showers there. Now a high is keeping most of the south-east dry and that's where temperatures will climb extreme heat
over the next few days. The extreme heat is starting in SA and then moving east as the week goes on. The top temperatures for today:

Checking your rainfall for tomorrow. It will have largely moved off the eastern Queensland coast with some light falls over the interior of WA and in Tasmania pretty clear elsewhere. The outlook for tomorrow:

Just recapping one of our top stories - Australian fast bowler Mitchell Johnson will retire from all forms of international cricket at the completion of the second Test against New Zealand in Perth today. The 34-year-old is Australia's 4th highest Test wicket taker with 311 dismissals from 73 matches.That is ABC News for now. The next full bulletin on ABC TV is at 5pm. I'm Ros Childs. Thanks for watching.