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This morning, yet another tragedy at Mecca. More than 700 worshippers killed in a crush at the annual Hajj pilgrim age. Also ahead - the Federal Government confirms Japan's offer to build submarines in Australia if it wins the contract.Volkswagen set to announce whether cars sold in Australia were fitted with emissions cheating devices as And
the scandal widens to Europe. And a big weekend of footy ahead as the NRL and the AFL finals get under way tonight and the passionate fans are all fired up.Come on, Cowboy s! Love those Cowboys fans. Hello and welcome to Mornings on ABC and ABC News 24, I'm Joe O'Brien. Taking a look at the weather: The Saudi Government has blamed overcrowding and dis-Obeident pilgrims for the crush of people that killed more than 700 worshippers on the annual Hajj pilgrimage. Witnesses say the crush occurred as pilgrims were coming and going from a key site where they throw stones at 3 pillars symbolising stoning of the devil. Images show clothe bodies clothed in the Matt
white garb worn by pilgrimages. Matt Brown has more.In years gone by as many as 3 million people have been involved in the Hajj. We're told this year as many as 2 million. This is one of the 5 pillars of Islam. So every adult, able-bodied and financial able Muslim in the world, is expected to undertake this pilgrimage so it's a huge moment in their spiritual lives and the culmination of it stoning
really is this ceremony of stoning the pillars. It's one of the final stages. An awful lot of saving, an awful lot of hoping, an all loft of angst has gone into the lead up to this journey for all of these people and so many of them on the move at one time is obviously very difficult to manage. There is a movement control sort of system, if you like, there. People are told to go in a particular direction. One of the witnesses I heard actually saw her husband going pillars as
in the direction towards the pillars as she was leaving the pillars with her group.Ch that was the last she saw of him. He was crushed to death not long after that. This collision of two groups moving in opposite directions seems to be at the key - at the core of this disaster. I guess one of the problems will be in a country like Saudi Arabia will we see an independent inquiry able to apportion blame where it should lie? The King has said that there will be an inquiry but already a spokespawn nor the Interior Ministry said there's no sign that any officials did anything wrong. When you've got that many people moving it's very difficult. But at the same time it's a predictable difficulty. It's something that happens every year and it was 25 years ago that 1,400 people were killed in a crush like this doing the same part of the process. Since then, I've tallied it up, 1,000 more people have been killed in the years since then and now you've think some
got the death toll today. So I think some very hard questions to be asked of the Saudi officials and they've been asked, not surprisingly by their strategic rivals in Iran, 95 Iranians so far have been identified amongst the dead and Iran's supreme leader has said that Saudi mismanagement is to former head
blame.Iqbal Patel is the former head of Islamic Council. He says there are usually about 500 Australians taking part. He's not aware that any Australians are amongst the death toll or those injured.Look, it's very sad. I mean it's a once in a lifetime event for Muslims who can make it to Mecca and to have something like this happen so soon after the earlier tragedy we had with the crane collapse about 2 weeks back. On the one hand it is very sad to hear that some 700 people and counting have lost their lives but on the other hand any Muslim who goes to Mecca is prepared for the ultimate in case if they do, and it's unfortunate for the families that somebody they love has passed away, but the ultimate is that if you have the unfortunate that you pass away in Mecca then you go straight to heaven. So I mean that's one of those things that there is the silver lining in that. But look, it's sad, it should not happen. The authorities are trying to investigate what happened but from what we understand one lot of pilgrims were going to the place which is the stoning of the devil, whereas another lot who had actually just performed the rites were returning and and unfortunate. It's sad that it has happened.It sounds like an extraordinary thing to say that there is some kind of silver lining here because if you die there you go straight to heaven. Isn't that a sign that it's got to the stage now where it's so predictable that something like this will happen there that something has to be done to fix this once and for all?Look, yes. I mean I think to be fair to the authorities it's a huge number of people at the same time assembled in the one place and the Saudi authorities over the years have done a huge amount of work. In the 10, 11 years that I have been going I have seen the place almost change and the efforts are there to try to prevent this but at the same time the passion of people going to Hajj you have children, you have babies, you have people who may be infirm who are elderly. I know in this case, in this year, for instance, there's a lady who is about 120 years old from India and she has been blessed to be able to go to the once in a lifetime pilgrimage to the Hajj. While the efforts are made by the authorities and they're doing a huge amount of work, a lot of investment in infrastructure, in the most modern of technology, both in terms of crowd control, in term of transportation, trains have been built recently to go from Mecca to Mina. And some of the technology that has been employed at the Hajj was what was used at the London Olympics they
in terms of crowd control. So they are doing what they need to but at the same time the passions of Hajj you have to be there to understand and once, in any event, even a sporting event and music, etc, once a stampede starts, they have wheelchairs there, strollers and prams, it just gets out of control.How many Australians go each year on average?On average there's a quota now, so there's a limit per country as to how many people are allowed to go. In Australia there's about 500, the limit. Sometimes if the world quota shift there's is a little bit of change on that but roughly about 500, 700 up to 1,000 around that number.And do you right
know any Australians over there right now?Absolutely. I know quite a few of my friends and colleagues and relatives who have actually gone.And have any of them got caught up in this?Thankfully at this stage we don't know. My own brother and 2 of my sisters and nieces and nephews are there and we last night
managed to contact them late last night that they're OK. But at the same time, you know, we know of families where the parents have passed away, the children have survived. I know of one case where a Sudanese gentleman had his elderly dad with him. He was OK, it took him about 12 hours to be able to find his dad who was under some dead bodies but he was still alive. Look, there's some tragic stories that will come out of this.Have you heard of any people describe what it was like at the moment when this started happening, any people who were there at the happened
time?Yeah, apparently what happened was this large group, I mean you can imagine there are 2 million people who have to do certain rituals as part of the process. Everybody has to do that.At a particular time?A at a particular time. The assembly in Mount Arafat happened yesterday, or the day before yesterday and yesterday was Eid. After Eid then you have to, after Arafat, you have to go and stone the devil and there are 3 stations. There's a small Satan, a larger Satan, the medium one and the large one and you have to do that on three days. So you go and do once, come back, the next day you go back again for the second ritual and the third day. So 2 million people are travelling in and out every day and that's where it just makes it so difficult.Are there other things that can be done like further limiting the number of people who do it each year or staggering the times over which you do the particular rituals?Yes, look, all that has evolve fed over time. If you went back about 30 years ago when my mum and dad went, for instance n the '70s, 40 years ago, they stoned pillars that resembles the devil were very small, actually in the form of a human, you know, in that sort of form. Now they're massive concrete structures, each one of them. So they've tried. But some people are so passionate that they think they're actually hitting the devil, not a ritual. So you have those have a
passions, somebody who might have a bucket of money that they've collected all their life to be able to make this pilgrimage and sure, things have changed now, it's a lot easier, communications and transport and flights, etc, but still to some people who may have come from the poorer effort
countries, it's their lifetime effort and savings to be able to do this. So there's a lot of passion. This could happen anywhere. You could be at an Olympics function or at a musical or in the city or a plane could go down. So I mean something like this you take it in your stride. It's one of those things that if it happens it happens and if you're lucky or unlucky, depending on which way you look at it.Let's hope it doesn't happen again next year. Thanks for coming in and having a chat to us.Thank you for having me.Now to some news just in. SA police have arrested the 29-year-old man for the murder of missing woman Jody Myers.Tom, good morning. Take us back over this case.Yes, it's a case that's really captured allot of attention here in SA. It's a young woman, 20-year-old Jody Myers who is a mother, she vanished mysteriously at a house near Mannum east of Adelaide along the River Murray back in August and she hadn't been seen since. Now police made numerous trips down to Mannum to try to find her. Most recently there was an extensive search of the River Murray and of some scrubland and now today the breakthrough that they have arrested and charged a 29-year-old man who is also from Mannum with her murder. There was also another development yesterday and that was that they had charged someone with using Ms Meyers bankcard at an ATM after she had disappear. Police haven't confirmed the identity of the person they've charged. But police recently said her partner, a 29-year-old from Mannum was a person of interest in the case.But her body has not been found?No, and police are going to be returning to Mannum today to try to attempt to recover her body and that would obviously bring some comfort to her family and some answers in this mystery.So is it expected this man's going to appear in court today?That would usually be the case, that overnight and
he was arrested last night or overnight and the usual practice is that they appear in court later in the afternoon. Today police are going to be doing a press conference down in Mannum today where they will give some more information about the case, I'm sure.And any timing on that yet, Tom?No, we're not sure. We understand that the search is going to be starting at around 10:30 local time and we expect them to give an update a little later in the day.OK, thank confirmeded
you.The Government has confirmeded that Japan has offered to build submarines in Australia if it wins the contract . Political reporter Eliza Borrello joins us now from Parliament House in Canberra. Eliza, good morning. How significant is this?Good morning, Joe. This is very significant. The Government had a problem electorally in SA. It had feared it would lose a number of seats in that State if this multibillion dollar contract was awardeded to Japan and that's in the context of high unemployment in SA and fears that jobs, if Japan got this contract, would go overseas. But this morning the Industry Minister, Christopher Pyne, has confirmed that Japan says it is now its preferred option if it wins this contract to build those submarines in Australia.Well, the Japanese, the French and the Germans have all got bids in for the competitive evaluation process for the subs. All 3 of them have got to have a hybrid overseas
build, a domestic build and an overseas build. All 3 of them are now saying they'd prefer a domestic build. As a South Australian that's music to my ears but we will go through the proper processes and we'll make an announcement at the appropriate time.Christopher Pyne there. But I guess the question now is what percentage of that build will be domestic as compared to the build in each of these individual countries that's tendering for the contract?That's true. However, I think given we know these problems the Government has had electorally they will be pushing for whoever does percentage
this to have a very large percentage of that work, if not all of it done in subject,
Australia.Moving onto another subject, the Environment Minister has confirmed he review
killed off that suggestion to review the weather bureau from the former PM's Department. Just take us through the details of thasmtAn ABC freedom of information request turned up confirmation that Tony Abbott's department, when and
he was PM, the Department of PM and Cabinet, had been considering a review of the weather bureau based on reports in the 'Australian' newspaper. Now those reports had questioned the methodology the bureau was using to analyse temperatures and the paper had said that the bureau was willfully ignoring evidence that contradict its own propaganda. But the Minister, Greg Hunt, has told 'Lateline' overnight that he killed off this plan because in his view there was no evidence suggesting that the weather bureau's reports were in fact propaganda.I've had full confidence in what I think is a world-class organisation which is based on hard science, hard data, literally millions of points of information through monitoring
our satellite and our local monitoring and I reaffirmed that, an idea which came to my department from another department was killed off and frankly at my view was crystal clear, there was no need for such a review because there had already been the periodic normal review which found that their practices were sound, scientific and of the highest caliber.That was the Environment Minister Greg Hunt speaking on 'Lateline' last night.Eliza Borrello there in Canberra. In further political news, we're expecting that new Treasurer Scott Morrison to step up for a media conference. He's in Gosford this morning opening a taxation office. It's due in about 45 minutes time and we should be able to bring you that media conference with Scott Morrison live here on ABC News 24. The top stories this morning - at least 700 people have been killed and hundreds more injured in a stampede at the annual Hajj in Saudi Arabia. It's a pill - it's the pilgrimage's worst tradgely in 50 years. The State Government said Japan has offered to build the submarines here if it's successful for the bid.And Volkswagen is set to announce later today which of its cars around the world have been fitted with devices that cheat emissions tests. The company said 11 million cars worldwide are affected.A Queensland MP accused of domestic violence has been cleared of the allegations by police. The Member for Cook, Billy Gordon, was accused of abusing two former partners. Queensland Police say after careful consideration and legal opinion, it has determined there is insufficient evidence to lay charges. Mr Gordon was pressured to quit the Labor Party when the claims were stormed
aired in March.Police have stormed a unit in inner Brisbane this morning ending a 9-hour stand off. Tactical police were deployed to the scene at Bowen Hills as negotiating with
officers spent the night negotiating with the man. Police say he made threats and claimed to be armed. At 6:30 this morning police forced entry and arrested the man. He's yet to be charged. Police have arrested the man in relation to the disappearance of Melbourne woman Simone Quinlan. The 34-year-old was arrested a t a property in Melton in the city's north-west late yesterday. Ms Quinlan was last seen at a Melton service station last month and police say she hadn't used her phone or accessed her bank account since. Police searched the property overnight and say the man is assisting them with their inquiries.Australia has recorded its slowest population growth in almost a decade and experts are warning it will pose further challenges to economic growth and the housing market. The population grew by 1.4% for the year to March bringing it to 23.7 million people. The slowdown was mainly due to a fall in immigration. People arriving from overseas accounted for more than half of the increase but even that was lower than last year. The birthrate has also dropped by 3%. Lower population growth means lower consumption which makes it harder to lift the economy.Despite directly confronting the US Congress on issues such as immigration, the death penalty, climate change and poverty, Pope Francis received a thunderous applause. The leader of the Catholic Church moved some members of Congress to tears with his historic speech. North America correspondent Michael Vincent has more.It was almost an hour that the Pope gave this his tor ck address to a joint sessions of the Congress. It began with him walking in, shaking the hand of Secretary taking to
of State John Kerry and then taking to the lectern. At his back and the chairs above him were the Vice-President Joe Biden and the speaker John bone - Boehner both Catholics. John Boehner emotional during the speech and had to wipe away tears. Marco Rubio also wiped away a tear while Pope Francis spoke, especially on the issue of immigration. He talked about the crisis the world's facing in terms of people going to Europe as refugees but also talked about those coming coming
north. The Latin-Americans coming to the US to seek a better life and it's on that that he got the biggest applause of this speech when he gave this comment.We must not be taken aback by the numbers but rather view them as persons, seeing their faces and listen ing to their stories. Trying to respond as best we can to their situation. Let us remember the golden rule - do unto others as you...(Applause) They weren't supposed to be standing and clapping. It was actually told - everyone was told before hand very rigid rules would apply, that everyone would have to sit so kind of up
that you wouldn't get these kind of up and down standing applauses like you do during the state of the union when this is not only the head of State but also a religious leader. But obviously that wasn't observed and that was quite a powerful moment during the speech which also touched on some very strong issues like his opposition to the death penalty, his desire for the US to do more for extreme poverty, his desire for more to be done to strengthen the family, some have read that for code to his opposition to the Supreme gay
Court's decision in the US to gay marriage. But otherwise it speech
was an extremely well received speech and the Pope leaves the US capital now and heads to New York. It's been an extremely good trip for him here.Michael Vincent there. We're going to a live shot now. Michael just mentioned there that the Pope was headed for New York. He's actually now in New York in St Patrick's cathedral presiding over a mass and we might take a listen in. of the
(Speaks Latin)So that tour of the US continuing there for Pope Francis. The emissions scandal engulfing German car manufacturer Volkswagen continues to grow. The company sold
has now confirmed that vehicles sold in Europe have also been fitted with the devices which can cheat emissions tests. Volkswagen is planning to announce later today whether other countries including Australia are affected. Europe correspondent Barbra Miller has the latest.Some would say scandal
it's inevitable that this scandal is not limited to the US. We heard from the German Government today the Transport Minister confirming that Volkswagen had confirmed to it that European cars were affected. The German Transport Minister saying that the cars affected were 1.6 and 2 litre diesel engine cars. He said the Government was still working with Volkswagen to try to determine exactly which models were affected and the German Government saying it would start carrying out random tests on other cars from other manufacturers. He said those would include foreign cars as well as German cars. So confirmation now that this scandal has spread to Europe and Volkswagen saying that it hopes by the end of today local time to issue a detailed list of exactly which cars in which countries are affected by this cheating software, these defeat devices which can cheat during an emissions test and of course that could mean that this scandal has spread to Australia. So a tough job ahead for the new chief executive. He's expected to be announced after a board meeting later. The man tipped for the job is the head of Porsche, Mathius Mueller. Whether he can restore the reputation of Volkswagen in light of this scandal, that's a will
different matter. I guess it will be interesting to see whether other car manufacturers are dragged into it. We heard from BMW earlier some media reports have suggested that they were using similar technology. The company said that it was not. Certainly if this scandal is only related to Volkswagen it's difficult to see how that's not going to be a massive blow to the company and of course to the German town which is almost synonymous with Volkswagen. But UK authorities here saying they're going to be retesting some cars where necessary, launching investigations and the European Commission is getting involved now saying it's advising all member States to launch their own investigations to find out whether cars in their country are also affected.Barbra Miller there. So we're expecting the timing on that some time later today to finally find out whether any affected
cars in Australia have been affected and will be across that here on ABC News 24. At least 4 people have been killed and several critically injured in a dramatic tourist bus crash in the US city of Seattle. The open top amphibious tourist bus collided with a charter vehicle on the city's Aurora Bridge. onboard
Most of the victims were onboard the charter bus which was filled with foreign university students. Emergency services converged on the scene and up to 50 people were evaluated for injuries.Surfing Australia has responded to changes in the sport by opening a purpose-built aerial training centre on the Tweed coast in NSW. Cutbacks and turns are no longer enough to woo the judges who are looking for gravity defying aerial manoeuvres. It's an indoor skate ramp wa an air cushioned landing. Housed at in Casuarina, the aerial surf skate training facility is unique.At the end that you see here in terms of the wave shape, there's nothing like that in the world. That's been designed to replicate the shape of a wave.Costing $300,000, surfers can now safely practice their aerial moves. While building skills through repetition.They're in the air and how to control your surfboard and your body and then have a look on the TV and see what your body's doing.Surfing is often referred to as the grandfather of action sports. But it's continually evolving. Aerial acrobatics are becoming increasingly important on the world surfing tour.No-one would have thought 5 years ago that surfers would be doing the aerials they are now.Not all surfers are skaters with many worried about injury. But surfing Australia says this facility is as close as they can get fo catching a wave without getting wet. Retired surfer Layne Beachley won 7 world titles and said today's surfers needing cutting technology to compete.We need to maintain our dominance on the world stage.So surfers are now skating their way to a world title.Time now for a check of the Friday weather and it's a very good morning to Vanessa O'Hanlon who is standing in front of a spectacular shot and we've got a little segment now which is picture of the week and so what's this week's picture of the week?Well this one was taken up along the NSW coast as Dee was heading up towards Lismore and through to Casino. She saw this big storm cloud over above this wonderful landscape. Isn't it gorgeous?It is and there's been a fair few showers along the NSW coast over the last couple of days, haven't there?There has been. We can take a look at the synoptic chart and see what situation is currently causing this. We've got a trough making its way up along the coastline in a northerly direction, also a low that is part of that system and it's been driving those very strong southwesterly winds up along the NSW coast and to the southern waters of Queensland and the surf has been has high as 5 metres this week. We've still got pretty wild surf conditions today but it will ease into the weekend. Sydney has picked up 31 mm of rain this morning and Gosford 38 mm. The showery weather will continue into the weekend but moving more up into the northern areas and also increasing showers about southeastern Queensland tomorrow.And it's a footy finals weekend this weekend. We've got games in Brisbane and Perth, what's the forecast?Brisbane is looking fine for tonight and we're looking at temperatures in the high teen and over the other side of the continent we've got a top of around high teens, in
also maybe the low 20s as well in Perth but once again the skies will be fine.And then tomorrow there's an NRL game in Melbourne. How is it looking for that Cowboys game against the Storm?Melbourne's becoming fine underneath this high pressure system. So also fairly good temperatures as well. We'll be in the low teens but there won't be any rain around and over in Perth very similar to tonight. So all up, it's looking fine.Sensational. I like how you're working it, Vanessa. Around the States and Queensland
Territories today.For Queensland we've got a trough inland at the moment. This might cause an afternoon storm around the northern goldfields:

OK x we're going to go to some live shots from the US now. A little earlier we saw the Pope in New York and now we've got the Chinese President Xi Jinping chatting to the US President Barack Obama. In the last couple of days we heard that Xi Jinping has been able to organise a deal with Boeing where Boeing is going to set up a plant in China and they will It
build hundreds of jets there. It will also be interesting to see what comes out of these talks between Barack Obama and Xi Jinping about those tensions in the South China Sea. When the new Australian PM Malcolm Turnbull was asked about this issue just in the last couple of days, one of the major foreign affairs issues that he was asked about, he was reasonably strong on that saying he wasn't comfortable with China pushing the envelope in the South China Sea. So it will be interesting to see if that issue comes up between Barack Obama and Xi Jinping over the next couple of days there in the US. The top stories today - at least 700 people have been killed and hundreds more injured in a stampede at the annual Hajj pilgrimage in Saudi Arabia. Saudi authorities say the crush happened during the symbolic stoning of the devil ritual. Nearly 2 million people across the globe are in the country for the Hajj.The Government's confirmed Japan has offered to build Australia's next fleet of submarines here if successful in its bid. Japan, France and Germany are vying for the multibillion dollar contract. Let's go to the Shadow Treasurer Chris Bowen. He's just started a media conference let's have a listen in.The combination of some of our tried principles of economic management under a Labor Government. Creating the circumstances of the new firms to emerge for a spirit of entrepreneurialism for disruption.Unfortunately we've got a few audio issues there. Some pretty major audio issues with Chris Bowen. Once we fix those we will bring you those comment s. We're not expecting Scott moreson to hold a media conference in 30 minutes time. He's opening a tax office in Gosford this morning so we'll hear from the Treasurer a little later on. Audio issues from
depending on those audio issues from up there at Gosford as well. More than 700 worshippers have been crushed to death in Mecca during the annual pilgrimage in Saudi Arabia. It's
Even more have been injured. It's the worst tragedy to hit weeks
the Hajj in years and comes 2 weeks after a crane collapseded on the grand mosque. Saudi Arabia is in shock. It's reeling from the worst tragedy to hit the annual Hajj pilgrimage in 25 years. All day the death toll has been rising with hundreds killed and injured when pilgrims stampeded through a tented city, trampling on one another in their panic. The disaster happened early this morning, towards the climax of the pilgrimage. The Saudi authorities say some pilgrims disobeyed instructions and took a wrong turning. Iran has blamed Saudi security but with up to 2 million pilgrims from dozens of nationalities, the Hajj can be a dis orientating experience. You can't look down underneath because you're so jam-packed and you're walking towards this wal and then the stampede happens and somebody falls you cannot get up because there's so many people behind you and they just walk over you.Today's tragedy took place around 3 miles east of Mecca, near the end of the annual Hajj pilgrimage in a tented city.It's the latest in a series of terrible Hajj tragedies. The worst was in 1990 when more than 1,400 people died in a crush in the tunnel. Then in 2006, more than 360 pilgrims were killed in another similar stampede, also at Mina.Only this month there was a further incident when a crane crashed down on worshippers at the grand mosque in Mecca killing over 100 people. All this, despite the Saudi Government spending billions of dollars in improving transport and safety for this annual mass movement of people.There were 100,000 security officers, hundreds of ambulances and surveillance cameras but tonight the Saudi authorities are blaming human error, saying some pilgrims disobeyed instructions and two groups converged with fatal consequences. The official investigation into what happened is already under way. Now the Saudis will have to look once again at how to prevent any more such disasters.The Federal Environment Minister Greg Hunt has confirmed he killed off a proposed review of the Bureau of Meteorology over its It's
comments on climate change. Department
It's been revealed the PM's Department under Tony Abbott considered an investigation into the bureau after News exaggerate
Corporation claimed it was exaggerate ing eft Mas of global warning. Mr Hunt has told 'Lateline' he knock knocked back the idea.My answer was very clear, we have perhaps the best or one of the best meteorological organisations in the world. I have full confidence in their data and the idea was killed at Immigration
that point.The former Immigration Minister, Phillip Ruddock, says employing more Australians in offshore processing centres could improve conditions for asylum seekers. Human rights groups have voiced ongoing concerns about the treatment of detainees in the facilities at Manus Island and Nauru. Mr Ruddock, who helped established the Howard Government's Pacific solution, says locally employed staff may have added to the problem.Three veterinarians in Queensland have become the first to face charges over the handling of the Hendra virus cases in horses. The vets were all charged with failing to comply with their health and safety duty while treating horses infected with Hendra. If convicted, they could face individual fines of up to $100,000. A spokesman for Equine Veterinarians Australia says the case is concerning because vets can be prosecuted for treats horses they don't know are infected. Workplace health and safety Queensland says fair of prosecution should not be an issue if appropriate precautions are taken.The emissions scandal surrounding Volkswagen appears to be spreading with the German Transport Minister now suggesting that Volkswagen has admitted to using the same fake emissions tests in Europe. Alexander de-Brint says it was not known how many of the 11 million vehicles affected were in Europe. The German Transport Minister says other manufacturers vehicles would already
also be checked. Volkswagen has already admitted to using the software in the US to cheat emissions tests. As the presidents of the two biggest world economies prepare to meet at summit talks, the issue of cyber theft threatens to put a Chinese
strain on bilateral relations. Chinese President Xi Jinping and his US counterpart, Barack Obama, which we've seen in the last 10 minutes, are walking in Washington, will discuss tensions over the South China Sea but in Washington there's growing anger over persistent Chinese cyber attack and theft of intellectual property from American companies.Now our enemies are seeking the power to sabotage our power grid, our financial institutioningsings, our air traffic control systems. We cannot look back years from now and wonder why we did nothing in the face of real threats to our security and our economy.Fears of a crippling cyber attack led former US State Sek Leon Panetta...These signs of attacks could be a cyber Pearl Harbour.While all out cyber war has not been declared, the US accuses China of being its most relentless cyber adversary. Using thousand s of hackers who sometimes lurk in commercial and government networks for years before being discovered.An average looking building in Shanghai has become the centre of international espionage allegations. US cyber security firm Mandiant, said this is the headquauteder of People's liberation army unit 69318.We've seen them crack into 141 organisations around the world, steal hundreds of ter bites of date a.Everyone from leading Silicon Valley companies to top security military contractors have been hacked.But despite Washington's protests, experts say the problem has only gotten worse.China alone is responsible for hacks to almost 700 public and private targets in the US.This National Security Agency map shows a red dot for every successful computer intrusion by China over the past 5 years. Australia too is being regularly targeted.Your mining companies, every time they go to renegotiate a contract with China, they see a wave of hacking attacks. Some of your other big companies , certainly your government ministries, those have all been targets in Australia.Then earlier this year the biggest hack f of all - more than 20 million US federal employees had personal details stolen from a Government database.US officials say Chinese hackers either working for the central Government or indirectly on its behalf are the leading suspects in this massive cyber attack.China routinely denies the allegations. After arriving in the US this week, President Xi Jinping gave the strongest and most public denial yet. TRANSLATION: China is a strong defender of cyber safety and also a victim of hacker attacks.. The Chinese Government will not participate, encourage or support anyone to commit commercial thefts.China claims the US is one of the world's major hackers and indeed two years ago former NSA employee Edward Snowden revealed the staggering extent of cyber surveillance, including hacking, by US spy agencies.The problem is finding crystal clear aTrib yution that a Government is backing hack attack. And there's two prierteds for the different countries. China accepts the broad reality of government spying, it rejects commercial espionage. While China defines commercial success to integral national security.And in is really the hub and the nub of the US issue and
is that they have had enough and so have US firms of suffering at the hands of Chinese sourced hackers.During the Cold War, the super powers had hot lines to ensure events didn't spiral out of control. The US and China don't have a similar cyber hotline. That's set to change. President Xi wants regular communication on cyber security.So that is a positive step but when you read between the lines of what he's also said, really he hasn't agreed to stop anything that they're up to.This summit will likely see the US and China agree not to launch a first cyber strike against each other's critical infrastructure. It's an important first step but further detailed agreement is unlikely. So for now the cyber arms race seems set to continue. A paralysed man in the US can walk again using the power of his mind. In a world first, a 28-year-old spinal injury patient has been able to walk without using any robotics. It was achieved using brain-to-computer technology, turning thoughts into leg movements. Electrodes are placed around the knees to trigger muscle movements and a frame was needed to support the patient's weight. Clinical trials are still years away but it's hoped one day this technology will assist stroke and spinal injury patients. Folk singer, songwriter and activist Joan Baez came to pron innocence in - prominence in the 1960s civil rights movement and the push to stop the Vietnam War. She's released countless albums and at 74 remains an inspiration to many. She's touring Australia and sat down for a chat with Stephanie Anderson. (Sings) # They poured across the border # We were cautioned to surrender #Looking back at some interviews you've given in the past and your songs, you've always had this message of hope after so many years doing this, it seems like it could be easy to become jaded. Do you still think you're an optimist?I was jaded from the beginning, I've never been an optimist. People go on writing that because they assume I am. But for anybody who has had difficulty contributing to the world and to others, I think you can be a pessimist and still do the work. (Sings) # I travel around the world # Stood on mighty mountains and gazed away cross the wilderness #What do you see as the biggest social challenges today?Global warming without a question because we can do all the muckraking we want to do about each other and people in office and country against country and so on but we are all totally involved in this same, you know, the backdrop of the same pretty disastrous situation. Again, you know, I say this and ever since I was 15 people said you're so naive, you're an optimist. I say no, I'm a realist. But being a realist and seeing what we're up against has never stopped me from doing the things I thought were right to do.In the '60s there seemed to be this wave of protest, music and really engaging with these issues. We don't seem to see as much of that now. Do you have an opinion as to why?Yeah, I have two things. One is that time period of about 10 years was extraordinary. I mean it just burst out from everywhere. I'm sure it's partly to do with the political climate and now I think there's talent around and I think it's very hard for people to zero in on it because you can't zero in on a cause. I mean you can, but there are tonnes of them and it was easier for us and maybe for the songwriters in the '60s. There was civil rights and there was the war in Vietnam and now there's just - I mean I think that occupy Wall Street had some really good value and I think the job was too huge because they tried to do everything and not have a leader. So I don't know if there's an answer to that but I do know that there is so much going on that it's really mind-boggling to try to decide what it is that you want to do. If you want to do something socially active and follow your figure
conscience at all it's hard to figure out which direction to go.I was watching a documentary about your life and you talked about performing and then in the middle of the performance going offstage, taking a few moments, composing yourself and going back. Can whether
you tell me about that and whether it got any easier the longer you did it?I had stage fright, terrible stage fright. I have none now. Par of it was over the years kind of working with it and then there was literally a deep therapy where I dug out the problems by the roots and when I did that it Happy
was one of them. It was over. Happy to say. I wouldn't still be touring, I couldn't do everything, including some nasty stage fright.And do you think other women in the industry could replicate your career today and have the same successes?Well no, but that's because they're not as gifted, if you will pardon my saying so. You can't repeat the luck that I've had. The being born with this, wanting to do with it what I've done with it which has made my life rich, which is really sharing it in every way that I could and doing what I could as human rights, civil rights, all of the situations in which I could maybe do something which nobody else could do and chose to do it. So I don't think that - I mean I think there are certain people, there's lots of people who follow that path and that's important to remember.And you've obviously had a very long and successful career. Do you know how much longer you're going to keep touring and producing albums?I think that my voice will tell me when it's time. I was going to quit about 4 years ago, having so much vocal problem. I met a really intelligent ear, nose and throat doctor. He said there's nothing wrong down there, you just have to get used to the idea, then I was 71, that this is the voice you have now and quit wishing I could be 30 years ago voice. I mean it did didn't make a difference and I saw a vocal therapist and she helped me through a lot of places I'd been stuck apd then really
it got to be fun again. When it (Sings)
really poops out I'll know. (Sings) # You or I #The beautiful sounds of Joan Baez there. And she's about halfway, or a quarter of the way through her tour of Australia at the moment. You've missed out if you're in Sydney but she's still to perform in Melbourne, Hobart, Perth, Bunbury, Darwin, Brisbane, Cairns and Adelaide. centres
So if you're in those regional centres of Cairns and Darwin you can have an opportunity to see Joan Baez over the next couple of weeks or so. A rare collection of colonial artwork finally has its chance to blossom. The paintings of Tasmanian native wildflowers was supposed to be published 130 years ago but has only now gone on display.These watercolors should have seen the light of day long before now. They were painted by Tasmanian botanist Margaret Hope who planned to publish them in the 1880s.We're not sure whether she was unable to secure a publisher, whether it was a printing issue, whether she changed her mind or whether it was for some other reason that they were never published.The work remained in private hands until last year when they were bought by the Allport Library and Museum in Hobart.They were in a dangerous situation. We needed to get a lot of sticky tape off the backs and other kinds of tapes that had been put onto the works over the last few decades.And there was another problem.Unfortunately plate number 2 and 29 are both missing from this collection. We're not sure when or how they disappeared but unfortunately they're probably hanging on someone's wall somewhere.The works detail a broad range of coastal
Tasmanian wildflowers from coastal to Alpine species.They're not just traditional sort of posies, they're really scientific and accurate as well.They also give a glimpse into the personality of the painter.She had to be meticulous and careful, very passionate about the work that she was doing.Margaret Hope's plan to publish has finally been realised and her originals will be on display until early next year.Gorgeous images there. A 105-year-old Japanese man has set a new record as the world's oldest competitive sprinter. Hildekichi Miyazaki broke his own record at the Kyoto Masters athletics competition. Just a day after his birthday he clocked up just over 42 seconds for the 100 metre sprint. Despite the achievement he says he was disappointed with his time and they're calling him the golden bolt after he posed like American record holder Usain Bolt..Go Hildekichi Paul
Miyazaki. What a great guy. Paul Kennedy joins me now with a look at the day's sport and let's hope you're still running like that when you're 105 years old.I wonder if they drug tested that bloke, I bet he's on some sort of drugs, he'd have to be, wouldn't he?I think he's good. Who looked good in the Dockers Hawthorn game tonight?Such a hard one to pick. I can't be convinced that Freo is 100% fit. Nat Fyfe is a bit under an injury cloud. He's the best player in the competition at his best. I feel sorry for Ross Lyon, because he'd dearly love to have a fit unavailable
squad there. McPharlin's unavailable due to injury, Ryan Crowley, they didn't go for him, I think that's a good sign. They brought in Matt Hawks
Taberner to maybe stretch the Hawks down back and Griffin the other ruckman. I don't know, it's one of those games where you just don't know how they are. You don't know how the teams are feeling, whether or not they're a little bit sore. Hawthorn has played an extra final but it was a romp last week.Up until now you've seen to be such a strong supporter and believer in Hawthorn?Well how can you not be? They've won the last 2 grand finals. They had a bad week 2 weeks ago against West Coast in Subiaco. They seem to me to be very calm and confident that that won't happen again and if they win through they will play the Eagles or the Kangaroos on grand final day and try stopping them from there. And the lingering doubts about Freo, I just don't know how finished on
fresh they are but also they finished on top of the ladder and they went straight through the prelim. So they tick those other big boxes. So nothing will surprise me from this game .And in the NRL tonight, a bit of a State of Origin kind of set up with the Roosters going up to take on the Broncos and they're expecting a crowd of 50,000 for that?It's going to be a good one, isn't it? It's going to be a great atmosphere there. The Broncos have got a nice mix of youth with their playmaker s and good experience in the pack. Talk about experience, how's that, Joe, lucky we got that on camera there.A smile on the face of Wayne Bennett.There's evidence that Wayne Bennett smiles in public.Can we just hear this it.
lady say go, Cowboys.Wait for it. As the Cowboys get to the airport to head to Melbourne.Go, Cowboys!I love that. It's got to be the passionate fan of 2015.Yeah, well, it's rugby league season in Melbourne with the Cowboys heading down to play the Storm. It's a bit like it was a couple of years ago when the Storm was vying for another premiership. And hasn't Craig Bellamy done a good job this year as well. I think winning that one against the Roosters was the big surprise of the finals. Bought them an extra week and something tells me that North Queensland Cowboys are a better team than Melbourne Storm but in Melbourne, preliminary final, it's another toss of the coin.You would say that. But it just feels like it's a the Cowboys' time. Just those really strong performances particularly against Cronulla.I'd love to see Thurston win it for his team barracking for
just as much as I was barracking for Greg Inglis and the Rabbitohs last year, I'd like to see the Cowboys take that big prize back up to Townsville and Cairns.And just back to the game tonight, you do think the Broncos they're probably going in favorites tonight?Well, I don't know if they're favorites. The Roosters have been the best team of the year. It's a bit like Freo/Hawthorn. I'll tip the Broncos, for what it's worth at home. And tomorrow, of course, we shouldn't forget about the Eagles and North Melbourne. The Eagles will be strong favorites to go through to the grand final but the Kangaroos have timed their run well. They're playing their best football at the right time of the year. They're up against a top midfield. Look at Priddis and Mas ten back in there. North Melbourne gets Tarrant back and he's a good inclusion for them too. They're going to be hard to score against.Thanks, Paul.Time now for the weather, here is Vanessa.A bit of low it's very
cloud along the NSW coast where it's very wet there this morning especially around Sydney and Gosford. And there's a trough moving inland over WA drawing those warmer winds inland and behind it a cold front. Not much rain in that though but we might see the odd thunderstorm around a trough over the northern goldfield s in Queensland.

I'm sick of this rain in Sydney. Let's send it to somewhere where they need it.Up to Queensland.Sounds like a good idea. Cheers for now.Stick with us on ABC News 24. Going for a short break now but we'll be back soon. We're expecting Treasurer Scott Morrison is going to be stepping up for a media conference some time in the next 10 minutes or so. He's in Gosford to the north of Sydney this morning. Stick with us on ABC News 24, we'll be back soon.

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This Program is Captioned Live by CSI AustraliaThis morning - yet another tragedy killed
at Mecca. 700 workshipers killed at a crush at the annual the Federal
Hajj pilgrimage.Also ahead - the Federal Government confirms Japan's offer to build submarines in Australia if it wins the contract. Volkswagen set to announce whether cars sold in Australia were fitted with emissions cheating devices as the scandal widens to Europe.And a big weekend of footy ahead as the NRL and AFL finals get under way tonight and the passionate fans are all fired up.Go, Cowboys! Hello an welcome to Mornings on ABC News 24, I'm Joe O'Brien. Taking a quick look at the wther first: