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This Program is Captioned Live by CSI AustraliaA remind der of the top stories - thousands more migrants are making their way to Austria and Germany after spending days stranded in Hungary. Authorities there have removed transit restrictions and refugees are now able to board trains in Budapest. Meanwhile, a convoy of cars made up of Austrian and German volunteers crossed into Hungary to pick up refugees on their way to western Europe. Industry Minister Ian Macfar lane has made no promises a the a summit or not the future of steel making at Port Kembla. BlueScope Steel has announced 500 jobs will go as part of a savings drive. Unions want the imports to
Federal Government to limit imports to help combat job losses. A French secret agent has apologised for his part in the sinking of the 'Rainbow decades
Warrior' in New Zealand three decades ago. Jean-Luc Kister led the dive team that planted the bombs on the hull of the ship. He says it is the right time to apologise to the family of a Greenpeace photographer who died.And legendary horse trainer Bart Cummings has been farewelled at a state funeral in Sydney. Cummings died peacefully in his sleep late last month. The 87-year-old was one of Australia's most winning
successful racehorse trainers, winning the Melbourne Cup 12 times.Those are the top stories on ABC News. Time now for Capital Hill with Greg Jennett.Ros, thank you and it's good to be back for another week, a week in approve
which the goo of the is due to approve air strikes in Syria.But it's what's coming into
out of Syria, not what's going into it that is occupying most attention.The millions of refugees crossing the borders and stretching into Europe have the world asking whether it's doing enough to accommodate them, and Australia is no exception. We are prepared to respond and we will take from camps family groups of persecuted minorities.Saying we are just going to keep the total amount the same but we'll take a few more from over there really isn't stepping up at all.Also on its second anniversary, the Bo the Bo of the Government is trumpeting its achievements but could a ministerial reshuffle shall on the cards? We'll look at that, too, today on Capital Hill. This Program is Captioned Live by CSI Australia Well, Australia is finding itself in the midst of global talks on what can be done to reduce the obvious dangers faced by Syrian asylum seekers. The Immigration Minister Peter Dutton is in Geneva for some of those talks and a lively discussion is happening here at home.Tony Abbott is suggesting Australia can do more, but within its already existing and gradually rising annual refugee intake. Others are arguing for temporary safe haven visas or for wholesale increases in Australia's refugee quotas, and at the same time Cabinet is about to consider allowing Australian jets to bomb targets in Syria.These people are fleeing an absolutely evil death cult.We are prepared to respond and we will take from camps family groups of persecuted minorities - that's what we will do. Saying we are just going to keep the total amount the same, but we'll take a few more from over there really isn't stepping up at all.We know this isn't a problem we can solve alone, we have to solve it with the rest of the globe. We are not blind, we are not deaf. We hear many people are struggling and we will do what we can to help Zealand
them. Yes, gooden you, New Zealand for announcing you will take 700. Australia has already taken 4,500, and yes, we will do more, we will do more, because this is an ongoing crisis.I actually spoke about the Kosovo matter yesterday and said that that is something we should consider and that's something I will be raising with other foreign ministers. Our intake will increase again, as when I was Immigration Minister, it will go up by another 2,500, 5,000 over the Forward Estimates and the PM and Minister Dutton are obviously working through the current issues that we are addressing in Europe at the moment.The scale of the problem that Australia has been involved with in the Middle East means that we are obligated to do more, we should be doing more. There will be a very strong humanitarian response from Australia, but there will be a strong security response as well.Well, among the many options available for the Government to consider, Malcolm Turnbull is suggesting an intake targeted at persecuted Christians in Syria. He doesn't see any future for the Christian minority to actually be able to return to the country, and he said so publicly ahead of some Cabinet talks on this subject.This is a, in many respects, profoundly worse than many other refugee crises we've seen where people are flee ing disorder, but in this case, you have a real question, a very - of significant minorities not - will there be a home for them, if you like, at least the violence subsides? There will be a home for them? And thisAnd this is something that I think that all of us - this is a time for all of us to be at our very best, to have big hearts, to think about this issue wisely, to emfa thighs thoughtfully and to get a better understanding of the situation and theism pli kations it has for many people there.REPORTER: Should we increase the overall humanitarian intake to respond to the crisis which you highlights?Well, we clearly need to review our response, but I'm not going to be pre-empting what I might say in the Cabinet, with you here Immigration
today.Well, the former Immigration Minister Philip Ruddock has been actively monitoring refugee numbers on Syria's borders for at least two years now. He has made two trips there in as many years, and as minister he was also responsible for introducing the temporary safe haven visa for Kosovar Albanians in 1999.Well, he is doubtful about whether that model would actually work for Syrians, but we did speak to Philip Ruddock Rudd
just a few moments ago.Phillip Rudd tock, somewhere in the tail end of last week the mood seemed to change in Australia and elsewhere around the world when it came to recognising the scale of the Syrian refugee problem, possibly because of scenes from Hungary, but also the drowning death of a baby boy.What do you think the meaningful contribution should be that Australia can make here?Well, I think it's very important to understand the enormity of the problem we're facing.The world has not seen anything of this size and dimension.It is not something that has been discovered last week, it has been happening now for several years.I've viewed the outflow in places like Jordan when I went there in 2013I saw it again when I went to Lebanon, Jordan, Turkey at the end of last year, 2014.A problem in 2013 that people thought may be resolved within a year, people a year ago were saying there is no prospect of settlement.You think about the kids.I mean, we've got something like 14 million Syrians displaced now.Half of them would be children.What sort of children are they going to have?What sort of education are they going to have? If you are worried about radicalisation now amongst populations, how ripe is this population for future radicalisation?So what should the West do about this? Yes, there is counter--radicalisation , but more importantly, what do you do about 14 million people? The ifnt national community has never dealt with those sorts of numbers before?No, and look, I suggested some 12 months ago that we could help keep borders open so people could flee to Jordan, to Lebanon, to Turkey, if Australia had safe haven arrange MountS in place and was burden-sharing.I mean, that report tabled in the Parliament is now largely forgotten, although people take up safe haven arrangements.It was relevant for the time, but I crisis
think we've moved on.This crisis is now so much larger, we ought to be playing a role in galvanising the international community to finding a solution.You have places like Russia, China, with populations that are being radicalised, Czech thens, Uighurs, for them, they are involved. Iran is involved, and on the other side you've got Saudi overthrow
Arabia, Qatar, Turkey trying to overthrow a regime, supported by the US.Each of them have got different objectives.There is a stalemate, there has to be a way through and it needs good officers diplomatically to work on these issues to solve the problems for the world, otherwise it will remain with us not just for a year or two, it will be with us for generations.It sounds like Australia is engaging with Peter Dutton, Julie Bishop involved in some of those conversations already. Can I concept
just take you back to the concept of safe laf Venns. You are saying the world has moved on from when you first advocated this. Does that mean it is not a live option or should it be?No - I mean, look at the numbers.We might take 10,000.It is a drop in the ocean of the flood we are seeing right now.We can't, through the sorts of arrangements that we would put in place, do other than to demonstrate that we care and we are prepared to take some.But fundamentally, this issue needs to be addressed by the world community, coming together to say, "We have to find a solution." Just to take people through the safe haven model, as it operated when I think you were minister with Kosovars, how might that look it Australia did, say, 10,000 of those, how long do you think or
they could be held in Australia or given safe haven in Australia? Then what happens to them at the expiration that have visa?Well, you look back at what happened with Kosovo.There was an expectation that the matter would be resolved, it wasn't a matter that was likely to run on for decadesIt was an expectation that if you took people and gave them sanctuary for a time, they would be able to return home. Safe haven visas were temporary protection visas and the person-of-purpose was that the countries surrounding, and they were Macedonia and Albania, would leave their borders open, because they were clothinging their borders because of the large numbers of people moving.Now, if it's in es to keep borders open so that people can He to Lebanon, Jordan, Turkey, you might put in place safe heave vein arrangements, but for how long?I don't know how long this is going to go?Is this going to be another year or two?If it is then it's perhaps not the best option.If you are predicting any immediate or near-term resolution to this, would that then disqualify safe haven visas, temporary protection visas as an option in this case?The reason you use temporary protection visas is that you have an expectation that people will be able to go home when the situation is resolved.In terms of taking people at the moment, there are large numbers of people, I see families in my offices every day.We need to be looking at some of the other options as well that we have flagged in the earlier periods of allowing sponsorship by those who say, "We will support family members who are in refugee-like situations," "and that does give you a degree of flexibility in terms of costs.That's on the understandsing that they go home?No, that's on an understanding that the members
relatives here, if the family members are sponsored about I them in a humanitarian program they
and they get earlier access, they pick up the responsibility for health costs and supporting them, providing accommodation and the like.It does give you a capacity to do more.What about the conventional humanitarian intake and projected increases there? It looks like we are climbing to about 18,000 by - about three years from now, I think. Can that be bolstered significantly and, if so, to what sort of numbers?Well, the Government, as I understand it, was able to increase the program numbers because we had stopped boat arrivals and the costs associated with that, so he there were savings that you could put into it.What is not generally recognised is that Australia, when it settles refugees, offers a very prom pre-hen sieve set of programs to ensure they are able to set tell successfully, including access to health, often social security benefits, includes pra manies that teach them English, help them-out to work out how to get their licence and other registrations and so on.The costs of settling people, runs into sometimes if you're talking thousands of people billions of dollars, so there is a significant budget ri cost associated with dog the settlement effectively.And and
Dogs that prohibit going over and above...?No, it means you then have to find the resources to be able to do it.What it may mean is that Australia has to borrow more money internationally to shall able to settle large numbers of people.I heard one of the ind I hads in the Senate arguing you could increase the numbers by further cutting overseas aid.They may be options.I'm not suggesting any of those ways forward.My principal concern now is that Australia should be using its good offices to try to produce a because
resolution to this crisis because if it goes on for another 10, 15 years, these young people that are going to be so radicalised, so marginalised are going to be a long-term problem for the world community to manage.But if they've just fled extreme Islamic, marauding fighters, radicalisation
why would they then be open to radicalisation within, I think you're suggesting some of the camps and the unsatisfactory conditions that they are living inAnd wherever they go.I moo - I mean, these are young people in the main who are not going to go et effective access to education and to opportunities, and the potential for radicalisation is may
very significant.Look, they may get a reasonable education for the small numbers that will be settled in parts of northern Europe, for those that we take there may be opportunities.What you are looking at in Jordan and in Turkey and in Lebanon are looking at
millions, that's what you're looking at right now.What you're looking at in terms of Syria itself is a very large number of people displaced internally - no education, no future opportunities.How do you think they're going to respond to that sort of situation?Looks like a long legacy left in this, no matter when the conflict ends, there is a lot of questions still to be answered on this. Philip Ruddock, that's for your perspective s today.It is a pleasure.Well, do you remember where you were exactly two years ago today? Well, chances are if you are old enough you were probably at the ballot box because that's where a majority of Australians emphatically chose a Coalition GovernmentWell, two years on, although not everything has gone to plan, Tony Abbott maintains his government has a plan, it's delivering on its plan, it's sticking to its plan, and it's printed a document to explain its plan. We are sticking with the plan.We have a plan. The plan was to get taxes down, to get regulation down, to get productivity up, to create jobs, to reduce taxes, to boost prosperity.The plan is working and we're sticking with responding
it.REPORTER: But voters aren't responding to it?Look, come polling day, I am very confident that people will be choosing between a government which has delivered on its commitments and an Opposition which hasn't learned and can't change.So I'm very confident that come polling day, people will acknowledge the free trade agreements that we've put in place, the tax reductions that we've put in place, the business boosts that we've put in place, the commitment to get our country moving which is happening.Behind the glossy birthday card, it may be that an unpublished part of the plan is to reshuffle the ministry before the end of the year.Many positions in Tony Abbott's team haven't been changed in well over two years now, and media reports have suggested Julie Bishop last year agitated for Joe Hockey to be dumped as Treasurer.Well, no-one is acknowledging that, but when asked about a reshuffle, the PM spoke of his very strong expectation that Joe Hockey will stay where he is.REPORTER: You have flagged a Cabinet reshuffle.Will Joe Hockey be there as Treasurer for your third anniversary? Yes, that's my very strong expectation, Sam.That's for him. He is the selector, he is not just the chairman of selectors, but selectors. Captain, coach and selectors.Absolutely and that is the the province of the PM.That is his calls and the rest of us do our jobs as best as we possibly request and in a bid to do the right thing for the Australian people and if the selector looks kindly on that, well, that's a matter for him. I've said repeated ly that Joe Hockey has the toughest job in Australia, dealing with the worst set of accounts as incoming Treasurer. Labor trashed the surplus and we are dealing with record levels of debt and I think Joe is doing a good job.The PM is unlikely to listen to that
crossbencher's input on how that team might look, but that hasn't stopped Jacqui Lambie having a crack, though. The Tasmanian was in full flight today demanding the Veterans' Affairs Minister Michael Ronaldson be dumped but she fell foul of parliamentary rules and let slip the S-word at the height of her fury.I'm sick of the cover-ups, and I'm sick of the lies and so are the bloody veterans which are daily coming out of the Department of Veterans and the Minister's mouth.We've had a gutful.I'm sick of hearing about the harm to and suicides and I'm sick of talking to bloody young veterans who end up living in texts on our streets because of the delays and underpayments of entitlements caused by a disfunctional minister and the Department of Bloody Veterans' Affairs.I asked for it in the past and I will continue to ask for it and at least put someone in the position who actually gives a shit about veterans more and does not worry about... Point of order, Senator Lambie.And she was called to order fairly quickly as tradition would dictate. Anniversaries and birthday events in Parliament quite often invite stunts and there is no-one more reliable to provide them then Nick Xenophon. He or his staff had been baking for a two-candle sub-Mercedesible birthday surprise.All Australian ingredients.Well, good morning anniversary
manyIt is the second anniversary of the Abbott Government and I thought I would bake them a cake, a submarine cake to remind them of their broken promise not to build the submarines here in Australia.They have yet to fulfil that promise. An unfulfilled promise and it is a friendly reminder to the Abbott Government to deliver on the subs.I know the cake looks a little bit amateurish, some would say that is a metaphor for the Abbott Government, but I'm doing my best here.Some might also say that the senator not
couldn't build a canoe, well not a cake-based one. That's it for 'Capital Hill' today. We will be back at 2 o'clock for Question Time, but just a pointer that coming up in the next 8 or 9 minutes or therefore bts is a scheduled media conference that has just been called about I the Opposition Leader Bill Shorten, his Deputy Tanya Plibersek and his immigration spokesman Richard Marles, no doubt to lay out some of their ideas about the refugee intake, a topic that we have been discussing and which will be an ongoing issue for the Parliament and the Government to deal with. and
That's due around 1:30 our time and then, as I said, Question Time at 2 o'clock.But in the meantime, we'll hand back to Ros and the team in Sydney for an update on other news of the day.Thank you, Greg.Thousands

ambulance race past her.There have been amazing scenes here, ordinary jer mans to come here to applaud them, to offer them food, sweets and toys to the children. We've seen that again today, albeit in a muted form than we saw earlier when the first trains started arriving, but there are now voices from win Munich, from within the Bavaria area saying this has to stop , Angela Merkel's party saying, "We weren't consulted about this and we need how to deal with it." Angela Merkels the Chancellor, has a meeting with her Cabinet to discuss those thorny issues and on the international level, the Austrians, hung Gairans have been talking, they are saying this is an emergency measure, this allowing thousands of people through Hungary, through to Germany, and it now has to be brought to an end. How that will be done and what it means for the many, many thousands of people making their way up through Macedonia, slew Serbia, hoping to get into Hungary from there, hoping to get into j ermny, those are questions the EU is searching for answers.Well, in response to the humanitarian crisis, the Pope has weighed in, urging every European parish to take in a Syrian family and people in Austria and Germany are already pitching in, organising cars to
their own convoy of private cars to help migrants on their way.As Mary Gearin reports. They come to offer a lift and its
a message, that Europe can open its arms and heart.(Horns beep) It's extremely important to just give a sign to them that they are welcome and they don't have to fear of Europe and especially Germany is a warm country for them.German and Austrian activists crossed into Hungary in a convoy of about 200 cars, to help exhausted migrants who would otherwise be on foot trying to head north. These drivers are they
defying warnings from police they face arrest for people trafficking.You don't feel, you just do it.There isn't much thinking.These people really need help.For those who have tickets, train travel is now available from Budapest to the Austrian border. It is still an exhausting journey. At the border they need to change trains. Calls for compassion are joined by the most powerful voice in the Catholic Church. Pope Francis calls on every religious community to do something tangible. TRANSLATION: I appeal to the parishes, the religious communities, the monasteries and the sanctuaries of all Europe to show the true meaning of the gospel and take in one family of refugees.The Vatican itself will take in two families.This wave offal tourism is not shared by all European nations. This crisis has exposed rifts between countries fearful of the size and speed of this influx, and the precedent it might set.And it's clear politics may soon intervene to stop what's been a period of utter relief for some desperate people.The French Secret Service agent behind the 1985 bombing of the 'Rainbow Warrior' has apologise dz for his role in the operation. The Greenpeace flagship was blown up in Auckland harbour. It had been preparing to head to French Polynesian to protest against France's nuclear testing in the region. Greenpeace photographer Fernando Pereira was killed when the ship sank. 30 years later, Jean-Luc Kister, who led the 30-member Secret Service team in the operation, says it weighs heavily on his conscience.I want to apologise to the people of New Zealand for the unfair clandestine operation conducted in a light, friendly and peaceful country.After initially denying any responsibility, France made an official apology for the bombing and paid damages.Australian companies are paying bribes for overseas contracts and they are getting away with it. This report looks at the Federal Government's attempts to stop corporate criminals from making illegal payments to win business deals overseas.There is no record of an Australian company ever being convicted of the practice. The International Bar Association says that's woeful.The International Bar Association represents 55,000 leading international lawyers.They say the response to Australian companies paying bribes for business overseas needs a drastic overhaul.I do question now whether they do have real experience in commercial governance, economic crime issues that affect big business and how big business internationally.Sometimes
works internationally.Sometimes we just are uncertain about what the skills are within the AFP.High-profile cases like the AWB kickback scandal serve as an example.They paid in excess of $300 million to the Iraqi Government over a three or four-year period for wheat contracts fnlgtAgain, no-one went to jail.In the 13 years commenced
between '99 and 2012 the AFP commenced 28 foreign bribery investigations. Now, 21 of those were dropped without they charges, just two prosecutions and no public convictions thus according
far, a terrible record according to the authors of this Senate submission.I think what it tells me is that the effectedness of the system and the willingness of the government to fund the AFP, fund ASIC and fund the DPP to prosecute these cases is very limited.The association is calling for a new independent agency dedicated to stamping out foreign bribery and look at
corruption, which would also look at so-called facilitation payments where cash is given to officials in foreign countries to get things done.They are permitted under current laws.Transparency International's Mike Ahrens agrees they should be banned.They are bribes, they are small amounts but are still bribes. If facilitation payments were banned it would make it much more difficult to operate in Africa.Bill Turner represents Australian mining companies in Africa and defends facilitation payments.A policeman or a military person, usually a policeman pull you up at a roadblock, you wind the window down and he will poke an AK-47 through the window and say, "I'm hungry, can you give me a Coke or can you give me something else," or whatever. How are you?It is a little bit difficult to argue the case about not being able to make a facilitation payment under such International Bar
circumstances.The International Bar Association says that payments in that circumstance would be justifiable and the worker was being extorted, but otherwise they're resolute in their opposition.They are grease payments, they are small bribes.How can you be half pregnant? You don't pay a half bribe.Rob Wyld says it is the thin edge of a corruption wedge that Australia should not be a part ofThe Americans say unless people go to jail, unless people see imprisonment as the real outcome, people will not change their behaviour.It takes 7 years on average for each investigation and that Australia's record for cracking down on the practice is better than most.A reminder now of the top stories - thousands more migrants are making their way to Austria and Germany after spending days stranded in Hungary. Authorities there have removed transit restrictions and refugees are now able to board trains in the capital, Budapest.Meanwhile, a convoy of cars made up of German and Austrian volunteers crossed into Hungary to pick up refugees on their way to western Europe.Industry Minister Ian MacFarlane has made no promises at a summit about the future of steel making at Port Kembla on the NSW coast. BlueScope Steel has announced 500 job also go as part of a saving drive. Unions want the Federal Government to limit imports to help combat job losses.We're crossing back to Canberra now where Opposition Leader Bill Shorten is speaking to the media about immigration issues.But in the last two years, unemployment has now risen to 6.3%, there are 800,000 Australians unemployed.There is over a million Australians who are underemployed, there is another 800,000 Australians stranded on the disability support pension.Economic growth is wallowing in mediocrity and confidence is down.Mr Abbott, however, seems focused on infighting, he is more focused doing
on keeping his day job than doing his day job.Australia deserves better after two year s of Mr Abbott's Government.Today also Labor wants to talk about the global humanitarian crisis that is unfolding.I talk, of course, of the Syrian refugee crisis..Mr Abbott's announcement yesterday was simply not good enough.Today Labor is calling for an emergency bipartisan meeting, of not just the Government and the Opposition, but of State leaders, of community representatives, of religious organisations.Furthermore, Labor is calling today for a one-off increase in our humanitarian intake of refugees