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Australia makes history at Trentbridge with the shortest-ever opening innings in a Test. That's as tough a day as you have as a player and certainly as a captain. Um, nothing went right at all today, that's for sure. Convicted killer Gerard Baden-Clay appeals his life sentence for the murder of his Reunion
wife. More debris found on Reunion Island to be sent to France for identification. Good afternoon. You're watching ABC News. I'm Willie Hutchison. Jane
Also ahead on the program - I'm Jane Hutcheon, also ahead on the program, George Cole, the actor besknown as the fast-talking Arthur Daly dies at the age of 90s. Marking the 40th anniversary of the iconic Australian film, 'Picnic at Hanging Rock'. This Program Is Captioned Live by CSI Australia Australia's performance in the crucial fourth Ashes Test has made history for all the wrong reasons. A masterful performance by England bowler Stuart Broad destroyed Australia for 60 runs in just 18 overs, the shortest first innings in Test history. It wasn't even lunch before England went in to bat, had home team finishing the day 214 runs ahead with 6 wickets in hand. The results stunned both sides and leaves a big question mark over the future of some Australian players including Clarke.England's
captain Michael Clarke.England's cricket establishment is relishing the destruction of Australia. Mary
Here's Europe correspondent Mary Gearin. I'm with Steven brinkly from the 'Independent' who is English so he's a very happy man today presumably. Jubilation is boundless, Mary. What an unexpected turn of events. I suspected England happened
could win these Ashes but what happened here on the first day at Trentbridge, unprecedented, could not have been forecast. I wondered whether Alistair Cook may choose to bat this morning. Gosh, was he justified. Win half an hour half the Aussies are out. By the end of the day, Joe Root, the English certainierian, has scored more than twice than Australia put before lunch.
together. Steward broad 8/15 before lunch. 5 of them out in 20 minutes. These things have never happened before and for Australian cricket I think the cut could be deep and decisive and I think it could spell the end definitely to the captaincy of Michael Clarke. Is that what you think has been behind this, a lack of confidence that in the end has been from the captain down? I think the fact that Clarke has contributed so little to Australia's defence of the Ashes so far has certainly had an effect, however, the way they came back at Lords after losing the first Test in Cardiff did seem to suggest that they had something in the tank. I thought that the way they lost at Edgbaston, and knowing this pitch was both to play just like that, would play into England's hands. Australian batsmen, including Clarke, who's got a plot of experience in English conditions, just did not adjust and adapt their game accordingly and Broad was all over them this morning. This is with an extra specialist batsman in our side. Do you think it was mace take changing the line up? It was a mistake born of desperation. It immediately said to England, "We need an extra batsman because we're not very good in these English conditions that you're preparing for us." I think that probably gave England a Philip rather than the other way round and it was already beginning to tell on had
Australian tonight when they had to put David Warner on for three overs because they didn't have an extra bowler having dropped Mitchell marsh for his brother Shaun and lasted for all of four balls this morning. That's it? Ashes over? It is hard to not see the Ashes coming again to their rightful home by Saturday, Sunday at the latest. I will say Australia are full of fight, they will not let them go easily. They will resist more in the second innings but they're already more than 200 behind. England have 6 wickets Australia
in hand. It is hard to see Australia getting anything out of this match and, yep y think the Ashes are indeed coming back to England. We will have more later in the program with Debbie Spillane in sport. The Federal Opposition has accused the Prime Minister of second-guessing the Federal Court decision to halt the multibillion-dollar Adani coal mine in Central Queensland. The court yesterday withdrew the Government's approval of the mine over concerns about threatened species. The Prime Minister says he's frustrate would the outcome. Labor has questioned Tony Abbott's commentary. If we get to the stage where the rules are such that projects like this can be endlessly frustrated, that's dangerous for our country and it's tragic for the wider world. I don't think it is right that the leader of this nation is now second guessing our judges. If there's a brB the way the law's formed, we go back and debate it in parliament. The Commonwealth Bank has walked away from its role as financial adviser to the project in the wake of the court decision. The ABC board has greed to move 'Q&A' into its news and current affairs division, paving the way for Government Ministers to return to the program. Tony Abbott banned his front bench from appearing on the show after it invited former terrorism suspect and convicted criminal Zachy maula into its live studio audience. The Prime Minister wrote to the ABC board last month saying it would be appropriate to move the program to the news division. The ABC board says the changes will take effect no later than the 2016 broadcast year. Queensland's Court of Appeal is hearing argument challenging Gerard Baden-Clay's conviction for murdering his wife Allison in 2012. In July last year, the real estate agent was sentenced to life in prison with a Leonie
15-year non-parole period. Leonie Mellor is outside the court. Leonie, what have we heard so far? Jane, there are four grounds of peel and this morning Michael Copely for fourth
Baden-Clay went straight to the fourth ground first, that the trial judge erred in leaving it up to the jury to decide whether Baden-Clay tried to disguise marks by using a razor to cut his face. The prosecution alleged during the trial that before reporting his wife missing Baden-Clay took out a razor and deliberately cut himself to disguise what marks
were three large fingernail marks left by his wife, Allison. Mr Copely went through the evidence of experts and said that this wasn't established at all, that there were in fact two separate marks delivered at two separate times. He said if experts couldn't be sure this was the case, how could you leave it up to a jury to decide that this had happened and there were two definitely separate marks. He actually used the word "evil", saying the evil in that is this could be the point that helped sway the jury to convict Baden-Clay of murder. Leonie, another of the grounds for appeal was whether the murder verdict was unreasonable. Has Baden-Clay's legal team expanded on that? Yes, they have, asking the question in what evidence is there to elevate this killing from unlawful killing to intentional killing, that being murder? Mr Copely said there was no evidence of violence, that really we don't know how Allison died in those minutes, that maybe Gerard Baden-Clay panicked and he just hypothesised, said lies could have led to panic and that the jury couldn't conclude that he deliberately murdered his wife just because he told lies about how those injuries were inflicted because everything he did in those days and weeks after her death could be tributed to panic.Leonie Mellor in Brisbane. Around 100 workers are picketing outside Hutchison Ports in Sydney's Botany Bay. The workers say they received an email last night from Hutchison saying they were no longer required at work and wouldn't be allowed in. Rachel Pupazzoni has more. Last night, about 100 workers from Hutchisonports Australia were sent an email to tell them they were no longer needed. Typically workers at the Port here in Sydney and also the Port in Brisbane are sent a text message the night before shift to let them know what they'll be doing the next day when they come to work. Lot of them last night were sent a text that instead said, "Check your emails," and that's when they saw this email that said they would no longer be needed and they would be paid out for another week but they didn't need to come in to work. A lot of them very distressed have then turned up here at Port Botany in Sydney to find they indeed couldn't get in to work, that their passes wouldn't let them in, that the road had been blocked off. We spoke to a number of workers this morning clearly distressed by the news.devastating. I have worked here a long time. I've worked at Patrick's Stevedores for 18 years and I came to Hutchison's like lot of these other workers here, to try and establish a good, safe safety
workforce. I'm part of the safety committee there. I feel like my experience and the efforts put in to making a safe, productive terminal is just being used and abused. We've bent over backwards, tried our hardest. We are a really good workforce. Every person here, we've had no drama as far as they've - but they're basically just trying to pick on us all the time and it's got nastiar and nastier. Done everything the company ever wanted. We kept the place running. Started it up, modified all the equipment for them and then this is what they - this is how they repay us. The Maritime Union of Australia says it was about three weeks ago that Hutchison first raised discussions about the future of workers within the organisation but the union says at that point Hutchison didn't indicate how many redundancies would be made or when and the only other communication since then was this email that was sent last fight. I spoke to one of the representatives from the union also. It can only be described by the union as nothing short of disgusting. An employer decided in the dark of night to terminate half the workforce via email.Hutchison, in the letter to workers, said that it would meet with individual workers next week. A number of managers will be available for those meetings. We've tried to contact Hutchison this morning ourselves. A media representative advised me that she would send out a statement from the company but we are yet to see that statement. Malaysia's Transport Minister says more plane debris has been found on Reunion Island but whether it's from the missing flight MH370 is yet to be determined. The debris includes a window and seat cushions. I and
sent a team to Reunion Island and the team told s us they have managed to collect more debris at the iland and we will hand it over to the authorities in franch.The Minister has also explained why Malaysia confirmed that a wing section found earlier was from MH370 while French investigators were more circumspect. He said the Malaysian experts had compared the debris with maintenance records and it matched the missing plane. American voters are getting their first chance to assess a crowded field of Republican presidential candidates nominated by high-profile billionaire Donald Trump. Mr Trump is taking on nine other candidates in the first round of televised debates of the campaign. He was controversial from the start ndicating he will stand as an Independent if he doesn't win the Republican nomination. I this
will not make the pledge at this time. Here's what's wrong, he buys and sells politicians of all stripes. He's already hedging his bet on the Clintons, OK.Earlier, the seven lowest-polling candidates took part in a separate debate. The billionaire candidate was also a key topic of discussion there with the candidates dishing out as much criticism of their fellow Republican as the Democratic frontrunner, Hillary Clinton. The first survivors from a migrant boat which capsize ed off the coast of Libya have come ashore in Sicily. They were among the estimated 600 people aboard the vessel headed across the Mediterranean when it capsized. These vessels are not designed for this kind of activity. They are just not stable enough and the greed of the smugglers is causing these people to get on board this kind of vessel which is unstable, unsecure and not suitable for the kind of operations they're going out on. More than 300 of the migrants were rescued. Officials say more than two dozen bodies have been retrieved including those of children. Hundreds of people are still missish. The British actor George Cole, who was best known for playing Arthur Daly in the TV series 'Minder', has died at the age of 90. Cole played the cockney wheeler-dealer for 16 years between 1979 and 1994. Make sure she cops it Am I listening to this? Ask not for whom the bell tolls. It tolls for the independent entrepreneur. Sawdust in the gear box? Dear, oh, dear. The man who would one day be Arthur Daly was raised in Tooting in South London. He left home at 14, landed some work acting in London and Blackpool and then appeared in the film 'Cottage to Let'. Lousy organisation. You must never use that word.Appearing alongside him was Alistair Sim, the map who became his mentor, looking after him, guiding his acting and helping him lose his cockney accent. George Cole returned to acting after his time in the RAF and there was success on the radio with 'Life is Bliss', a romantic lead role in a movie with a young Joan callskins then he emerged with one of the defining roles of his career. You ain't gonna make a fortune on that. The spiv, Flash Harry, from the St Trinnian's films. Again, he appeared alongside Alistair what
Sim. Do you mind telling me what you do do? I trade. Gin, nylons, anything. Really? In his long career he appeared in the epic 'Cleopatra' ask many other participates on TV and stage. In recent years he starred in sit calms such as 'Dad'. But his biggest success came with the creation of Arthur Daly in 'Minder'. I just
hadn't even seen a script, I just saw a format and it said, "Dale dale was - Arthur Daly was firmly behind the Home Secretary about crime and punishment, his favourite was the 'Godfather' and he dresses like a dodgy member of the Ctizens' Advice Bureau." That's all I needed. Good morning. Pleased to meet you, Mr Morgan. Arthur Daly.He didn't sound Welsh, did he? He seemed like a nice chap.He may have been a little shady but George Cole had the ability to take a dodgy car dealer and make him a folk hero. Stay with us, we'll take a look at the markets next and coming up in sport, Stuart Broad destroys the Australian batting line-up with a remarkable figures of 8/15.Authorities in destroyed
sanction-hit Russia have they
destroyed tons of imported food they claim was unsafe for human consumption. President Vladamir Putin last week signed a decree ordering the destruction of food smuggled into the country after an embargo on Western imports. Cheese, bacon, fruit and vegetables have been destroyed in a crackdown by officials on what they call unmarked contraband knroo. These products are dangerous because they have no labels, no information from the producer, no date of issue and no expiry date. Critics have condemned the destruction of the food and have called on officials to give it away to the poor instead. And finance reporter Alicia Barry is here now. Alicia, reporting season continues and virgin Australia has seen an improved result. Why is that? Well, Jane, the Australia
better result for Virgin Australia comes down to the fact that the capacity war in the domestic market that it's been playing out with Qantas has started to cool off so as a result Virgin Australia has vealed a $93 million process for it last financial year and whilst it's still a loss, the result is an improvement on the company's $354 million loss made in the previous financial strang
year. Domestic operations strang back into the black and that obviously is a result of less competition with Qantas. The domestic operation made a $111 million profit which is a $210 million turn-around on the result it posted in the reavious period. The result was weighed on though by the international division and Tiger Air's poor performance. Virgin says given had current market cis it is on track to current financial
return to profitability in the current financial year but worth noting shareholders haven't been paid a dividend by this company since 2008. The Reserve Bank has just released its latest statement? That's right, the 72-page document comes out every quarter and the Reserve Bank has cut its growth forecast for 2016 but it does expect growth to start to accelerate in 2017. The lower growth expectation is due to slower population growth and the RBA also expects that slower population growth to keep the jobless rate steady at just above 6%. Of course we did see the jobless rate rise to 6.3% for July yesterday and the RBA's indicating it is not going to go too much higher than that. The RBA says the effects of this year's two interest rate cuts in February and May leaving the cash rate at 2% are still working their way through the economy, mode
suggesting it's in wait-and-see mode and perhaps is sitting on the sidelines when it comes to another interest rate cut so it says sluggish business investment is going to be a drag on growth but it does sound a little more positive about the labour market and business conditions and does expect the Australian Dollar will fall further when the US Federal Reserve starts to lift interest rates there later this year.Banks are pushing the market down again today? That's right and this is really to do with the fact that ANZ has been selling shares at a discount to raise around $3 billion in order to shore up its balance sheet with new capital. NAB made a similar move back in May and that's pushed its share price down today. The other major banks are expected to fall scpo that's raised fears about the banking sector.

Alicia, many thanks. Well, Adam Goodes will run out for the Sydney Swans tomorrow night for the first time since he took leave over the booing controversy. The AFL Players' Association is urging fans to report anyone who jeers Goodes when the Swans meet Geelong. Geelong's mayor, Darren Lyon, says Goodes will receive a warm welcome. I think all of Australia knows that Adam Goodes is a great Australian, he's an ornament of the game, a fantastic role motedal to all young Australians and people of Geelong and an important torch bearer for the rights of Indigenous Australians and it's mindful that the whole of the city of greater Geelong should keep that in mind. Of course this man loves Adam Goodes's flamboyance but at the end of the day I was with members of the footy club last night, I think the football club and the city of greater Geelong have done an amazing job ask it will be an amazing welcome but it also is Joel Selwood's 200th game so it is going to be a tough battle out there and a tough fight but at the end of the day I think I've said on many media reports this week booing in
there is no place for any booing in fact I don't even want to use the word so I'm hoping and praying that the Geelong people - and I'm sure we are a wonderful community out here, it is our chance to show not only to the whole of Australia but to the world how great a sports people we are. We're all hopeful that the message has really got across our community. The Twitter campaign started here in situation
Geelong about the Adam Goodes situation so it is Geelong's real opportunity to stand up. This man spends many time throughout the AFL season booing the umpires but when it comes down to it, I'd like to their
see the Geelong people spending their time on that, on the poor decision, in fact I have been quoted many times as siing in the past week through media that whenever he epick s umthe ball I think we should be cheer ing him. For the rest of the sports news, here's Debbie Spillane. A horday for the Australians at Trentbridge? It was like a natural disaster being televised live and you couldn't tear your eyes away from it. It was a pitch with a greenish tinge. There was a bit of moisture around. You have to give credit to the bowling of Stuart Broad. Amazing figures, 8/15 but you can't thinking, "This can't be happen." There Michael
were so many angles to it like down
Michael Clarke, they moved him down the order to number five. He is batting at number five and facing the ninth ball of the day. That's just outrageous. It was hard to believe they didn't seem to be able to not slash at the ball. They were in dispruble they were trying to attack their way out of it in fact Michael Clarke has admitted - he said they were playing defensive shots and getting out so he thought he'd play on attacking or go on the attack and see what happened. Well t didn't really help. It was the first duck of opener Chris Rogers' test career, the shortest ever first innings in Test cricket, just 111 balls. By stumps, the Australian bowlers weren't able to make the best of the conditions that suited England so well. England 214 runs the
ahead. Joe Root goes back to the crease 124 not out and they've got a lead of 214 runs. What else can you say? It's just - you either laugh or cry. It's just that extreme .The the pool
medal tally has risen again in the pool in Russia? Yes, this is the world swimming championships and Cameron McEvoy was the fastest in the heats and the semifinals and he went in as hot favourite for the men's 100m last night and he swam a typical Cameron McEvoy race. High tends to load up the back end of his race. He wasn't in the placings as they came around the turn and then really surged, hit the front but unfortunately his strong finish was good but the strong finish from the Chinese was even better. It's the first time China have won a gold medal in the men's 100m so it was another form of history that we saw last night. As you can see there, McEvoy is in front, he came late with a good powerful surge and it is really only in the last couple of strokes that he loses. Sorry, we were looking there at Mitch Larkin, the 200m backstroke. He was in the semis last night. He is the fast qualifier. That was an Australian record and Commonwealth record so he is now in the Cameron McEvoy seat tonight. He goes in as the fastest qualifier and favourite Campbell
to win but also Cate and Bronte Campbell are very much in the running for medals tonight.In the AFL, the Crows take on Richmond at Adelaide Oval? Yes, well, this is an interesting one, they're both coming off very extraordinary weeks I guess you would say. The Crows were beaten last week but of course they walked into the middle of this maelstrom that was the Adam Goodes been
controversy and the Swans have been a little bit out of form. Of course Adelaide have been dealing with issues themselves this year since the murder of the
their coach, Phil Walsh, and the Swans were really high on emotion and determination last week and the Crows couldn't really match them. They ended up being beaten by 52 points. They need to rally urgently to get back into the top 8 because they're just outside the 8 at the moment, albeit just behind Geelong on points difference but you get the feeling that in a sense this was not what you would normally expect from the Swans or Crows last week and then they are coming up against a side who did what no side for a couple of months has been able to do. Richmond Tigers stopped the high-flying Hawthorn Hawks last weekend. The Hawks had won eight in a row, they were just carrying all before them and then the Tigers came up with an 18-point victory so I guess their problem now is to guard against the let-down that often comes wins
after one of those really big wins but you would have to lean on revealed form towards the Tigers.Finally in the NRL, the Broncos host the Bulldogs and that's going to be in Brisbane? Yes, this is a match-up of two sides that made incredibly slow starts to their matches last week. We'll start by looking at the Broncos and this loss would have totally blind-sided them. They're top of the competition. Manly had all the dramas in the world. They had their coach sacked in the lead-up to the game and ended up clearing out to a 20-0 lead against Brisbane, the competition leaders. Brisbane hit back and sort of narrowed the margin a little bit but admitted
their coach Wayne Bennett admitted they were off the pace from the opening whistle. Canterbury conceded an even against
bigger start in their match against the Sydney Roosters, trailing 22-0 before the first got
half was even finished. They got back to lead 28-22 and then it was a match played in patches because then the Roosters hit back and won 38-28. Both of these sides, Broncos and the Bulldogs, were considered premiership or Grand Final contenders at the start of the year. The Bulldogs are in danger of dropping out of the top 8 but I think Brisbane have got more to prove after the massive loss last weekend.Debbie Spillane, many thanks. It has been 40 years since the movie 'Picnic at Hanging Rock' was first released. The eerie tale of a group of Victorian schoolgirls who vanished in the harsh Australian bush represented a coming of age of sorts for the local film industry. It set director Peter Weir on a course to fame and fortune. Anne Lambert was still in her teens when she was cast as Miranda, the
the schoolgirl lead. She left the limelight long ago but the character stays with her, as reporter Karen Percy discovered. Look. Not down at the ground, Edith. Way up there in the sky.Anne Lambert was not quite 20 years old when she was offered the role of a was
lifetime. It was amazing. It was a miracle. There were so few films around at the time and of those films it was the one and Miranda was the part so I was very happy. I was really excited. What we see and what we seem are but a dream, a dream within a dream.I must have written that all we see and all we seem are but a dream thousands of times throughout the course of my life because that's what I tend to write when people ask for my autograph. Fans across the world continue to relate to Miranda even after all this time. We can't go much further. I can't imagine what it's like to be in a city and not to have people come up and be really loving and open and warm and welcoming. When they don't know you from Adam but they know you as Miranda and she certainly made the world a friendlier place for me. But questions remain about Joan Lindsay's novel which was turned into the iconic film. Is the story true and what happened to the girls? I remember very well Joan Lindsay's response to that and it was basically a mystery. Let it be. There's not enough mystery left in the world. Miranda! Miranda, don't go up there. Come back! (Screams) It's certainly based on something very real for her. The facts are kind of Anne
irrelevant really. These days Anne Lambert is a psychotherapist in Sydney. She still loves the movies but on the others side of the screen. It was an important film. It came at a particular time in our cultural, social history and us finding our voices as Australians. Please welcome Anne LambertBut she maintains a connection to Hanging Rock, supporting
outside of Melbourne, supporting the efforts of a local group to protect it. It was ancient and beautiful long before 'Picnic at Hanging Rock' got made. It's an important part of the ecology system in that area. It needs to be taken care of. Yes, it's an icon but it's valuable in itself, preccing in itself, and it needs to be taken care of for future generations.A quick look now at the national weather :

Stay with us, coming up later in the program... 100 years on, the Governor-General leads a ceremony to remember the Anzacs who fell in the Battle of Lone Pine. A reminder now of the top stories - Australia's Ashes defence is in tatters after being bowled out for just 60 runs on the first day of the fourth Test. England fast bowler Stuart Broad took 8 wickets for 15 in what was the shortest innings in Test history. In reply, England is 4/274 going into day two.Wharf workers have formed a picket line at Port Botany after almost 100 employees in Sydney and Brisbane were sacked via email. Staff say Hutchison Ports told workers not to turn up for their shifts because their positions had been made redundant and there were no redeployment opportunities. American voters have been getting their first chance to assess a crowded field of Republican candidates dominated by high profile billionaire Donald Trump. Mr Trump took on nine other candidates in a lively first round of televised debates of the campaign for the Republican nomination. And British actor George Cole, best known for playing Arthur Daly in the TV show 'Minder', has died aged 90. Cole played the cockney wheeler-dealer for 16 years, between 1979 and 1994. He also starred in a number of St Trinnian's films as shady businessman flash Harry coo. More now on our top story, the Australian cricket team is reeling from a disastrous first day of the fourth Test at Trentbridge after being dismissed for 60 in the shortest first innings of Test match history. Here's English fast bowler Stuart Broad talking about his extraordinary day spent humiliating Australia's batsmen. It was just one of those days that you dream of really. Home ground to pick up 300 Test wickets and then get a career best. I mean, my previous best-ever bowling was 7/12 against kin Bolton school under 15 those it's nice to get that against Australia, I must admit. I think we have to give credit to our bowling attack. We had a lot of catches so a lot of times first ever Test match they'd just run through the slips for 4 but we were brave enough to put 6 catches in at one stage. We took some amazing catches. Stokes is one of the best ones I've been on the field for. We just asked questions on a wicket that was offering a lilt we
bit of bounce and I don't think we gave the Australians too many opportunities to leave a ball. It was a bit of a freak day, I suppose, but it's what you work hard for, what you moments that
train for. You want those moments that it all works for you and today was one of those days and it's great to have a PB against Australia because to me they're one of the best such
teams in the world. They've got such a history and it was nice to put them under some pressure today. No, I mean, we've been conscious all week just to not really talk about winning the Ashes et cetera because I think that mentally takes you to quite a dangerous place so we've been very focus on making sure it's been all about us this week and, again, Cookie said at the ends of the day's in
play, let's enjoy the next hour in the changing room, we've had a fantastic day, probably one of the best days England have had in the Ashes ever, but let's reset for tomorrow because Australia will fight back. That's the sort of characters they are and we've - we want to try and bat them out again.Londoners are literally taking to the streets. A massive Tube strike has stopped all Underground trains in the British capital, prompting thousands of people to use any means possible to get around including walking to work. More buses were put on to help cope with the transport crisis. We've got more buses, boats and bikes but clearly for millions of people probably it is going normal.
to be a tougher commute than normal. I am very, very sorry.Unions are unhappy with conditions offered to drivers on a new night Tube service due to start next month. The Egyptian President has Suez
officially opened the expanded Suez Canal. Abdel Fattah El-Sisi signed the order to let the first ship enter the widened and deepened waterway. The $8 billion enhancement is the centrepiece of a campaign to promote the crudench Oflz the President who came to power two years ago after ousting the democratically elected Islamist Government. Shipping analysts have questioned the need for the canal expansion and critics say the Government has over-estimated the revenue the canal will bring in. The first national allergy strategy that number
aims to address the rise in the number of people suffering from allergies across the country is being released in Sydney today. Allergic diseases affect more than 4 million Australians. Hospital admissions for life-threatening allergic reactionvise increased 5-fold in the last 20 years wliel 10% of babies have an immediate food allergy. Maria Said is the co-chair of the national allergy strategy. She joins us now. Thank you for coming in. How do you account for the fact country
that one in five people in this country has an allergy? The increase has baffled people for a long time. There is lots of research being done as to why this sudden increase. From our perspective, the important thing is that we manage this effectively.So you can't give us a reason why. Is it environment? Is it something in the food? We think it's a don't
combination of factors but we don't know what that is at present. Vitamin D might have something to do with it, the hygiene hypothesis, the introduction of foods to children.Are the figures that are read out before, are they pretty typical for industrialised countries or do we stand out as being different? We stand out as leading the way. Really? And that's a frightening thing.What will a national strategy achieve? A national allergy strategy will help us with optimal care. People with allergic disease have an impaired quality of life and it's important that they receive the care that they need, it's important that those who care for or about them are able to be upskilled, for example, our health professionals. There are many general practitioners and paediatricians who have an understanding but we need to that these
improve that understanding so that these 4 million people with allergic disease can be better managed.The reported increase in anaphylaxis, that is life-threatening reaction to an allergy, is that a true jump in figures or perhaps a better understanding or reporting of anaphylaxis? I hear what you're saying but I'm a registered nurse and I worked in emergency and pediatrics in point
the 1980s, it was rare at that point in time. I didn't know about food allergy until my son had a reaction in 1991. Working as a nurse then in 2005, 2006, there was someone having an anaphylaxis and coming into the hospital each day. This isn't a figment of our imagination, it's not an increase in awareness that has meant that more people are having reactions, they are really happening and health services are struggling to cope with the demand for care.There is a proportion of the population that might think some of these are exaggerated. There was a recent situation I think on a plane where a child suffered a shock when someone had opened a packet of peanuts nearby. Is that an issue getting the population that's not affected by allergies to understand what it means to someone who suffers a serious allergy? It certainly is important to get everyone to understand. This is a community issue. I think from an alargic individual's perspective it's important that we are realistic about what the community can do to assist us. It's highly unlikely that someone goes into anaphylaxis from touch or from smell. These children are on playgrounds, they go to school, they go to shopping centres, we haven't got children having an anaphylaxis seven times a day. What is important is that we have protocols to reduce risk, to stop children sharing food, to always check food and then to know how to recognise an allergic reaction and what to do when it happens.Maria Said, thanks so much for coming in. Thank you.Today is international Beer Day and while Australians are drinking less beer than in the past, they are drinking more boutique or craft beers, turning their backs on the traditional loggers brewed by the big multinationals. Here to talk about the growth of the niche beers is a member of the craft beer industry association, Brendan Varis. Thank you for joining us. As a nation, we are drinking less beer. What - why do you think that is? I think it's a case of almost back to has
the future. Beer, as a product, has been almost evolved in line back
with human civil isation way back to one of the very first cultivated crops was barley back when we were transitioning from Hunter-gather and that barley was cultivated to produce beer. For a long time beer was part of the local community and central to local villages and I guess for the last couple of hundred years at the peak of industrialisation and commodatisation, that got lost. Now, as people realise that there's more to beer than just one yellow fairly light-coloured, there
lightly-flavoured type drink, there are many possible options in flavour, they're going back to the way beer's always been which is really the hub of the community and craft breweries- But that's not what the figures are saying. They might be going back to beer in smaller numbers but over all the trend is going down? The trend is going down and I think that just mimics alcohol consumption a little back
bit but what they are going back to - and reason they're going back towards craft beer is because the homogenised product that's Britain forced on the public is perhaps - that's been forced on the public is perhaps not what they want and the distribution of interesting
the craft beer that have more interesting and Fuller flavours are certainly smaller and as people discover them they're flocking to them, we'd suggest, in droves.Is the problem, I suppose, for getting niche beers more widely drunk, is the problem the marketing cost? Because you can notice that do spend
large multinational companies do spend a lot of money trying to sell beer? A little bit of it is marketing but I think a lot of it just goes back to people understanding that there is more than just this one product that for a belong time, and still today, 90% of the beer is just lightly flavoured yellow lager and as people realise that there's more out there they'll turn away from it naturally and that's going to It's
be bigger than any marketing. It's much like happens in coffee and I'd suggest meat and cheese, as people realise there are more sophisticated products available, they'll select naturally towards those.Brendan Varis, thank you so much for joining us today. Thanks, Jane.A judge of the country's biggest Indigenous art awards is calling for more support for the Aboriginal arts scene. The 32nd national Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Art Awards will be announced tonight in Darwin. Reporter Elliana Lawford joins us with the details. How many people are expected at the fair? At the fair, around 2000 people - thousands of people will be here but 2000 Islander artists have travelled here from all over Australia, both remote ask metro areas, and they've gathered here on Larrakia land to show case their art.So this is a fair that is obviously leading up to the art awards. What kind of art will be on display? Yes, it is and the art that will be on display, there's a range of different types here. There's sculptures, we've seen basket weaving, there's painting on a number of different things, there's painting on materials, paintings that are on bark, on didgeridoos and on the traditional paper. How much money does the sart fair bring the State? Well, last year they made almost $1.7 million over the three days so this runs from today, the Friday, up until Sunday, but this year they're hoping to bump that number up to $2 million and all of the proceeds go back into the community to the Aboriginal artists and back to the arts centres.Elliana Lawford you
reporting from Darwin, thank you so much. Governor-General ceremony
Peter Cosgrove has led a ceremony at Gallipoli to remember the sacrifice of Australian and New Zealand soldiers at the Battle of Lone Pine 100 years ago. Around 750 people attended the service to pay respects to those who fell in one of the most brutal battles of World War I. Good afternoon and welcome to the Australian service to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the August offensives and the Battle of Lone Pine. Catapult party reverse.A century after Australian soldiers launched their attack on Turkish forces at Lone Pine and The Neck, war veterans and dignitaries gathered to remember the dead. Barricades were built of the dead and dead and wounded alike were trampled by the living as they fought on. Bodies mangled and torn beyond description by bombs, bloated and blackened with decay and crawling with maggots. This was the truth of this place.An estimated 2000 Australians and 7,000 Turks died during four days of hand to hand fighting. Governor-General Sir Peter Cosgrove describing the battle oz a protracted and vicious armed brawl. Soldiers hunted each other in the dark depths of trenches with bayonet and club and bomb. Survival unscathed was rare. Breath-taking courage was common place.Courage and Australian mateship. Under the most severe conditions of fighting and surviving over those long years, Australians and New Zealanders displayed unbreakable cohesion. They clung to their mates and their leaders as their talismans.Seven diggers were awarded the Victoria cross for their bravery in the Battle of Lone Pine and winners, both past and present, paid their tributes in the service. At the going down of the sun and in the morning, we will remember them. We will remember them. Lest we forget. Lest we forget.A victims
minute's silence for the victims then the Governor-General laid the first of many wreaths to remember the fallen soldiers.The commemoration ended with the the
sounds of a whistle. Blown by the son of the man who called his comrades to arms to start the bloody battle 100 years ago.Stay with us, coming up after a check of the markets, joy for the daughters of a famous New York violinist as his stolen Stradivarius violation is returned to the family after 35 years. - violin is returned to the family after 35 years. Let us take a look at the latest market figures:

Joining us for our weekly look at opinion and commentary is the editor of The Drum online, Chip Rolley. Good to see you. Chip t is the 70th anniversary of the dropping of the atomic bombs on Nagasaki and Hiroshima. Sof ia Ahlbergg discusses the culture of amnesia around the event as well as the crafted narrative around the reason for the bomb position and That's right. 129,000 people died in those bombings. Incredible. And it has been a week of, I think , deep reflection on the 70 lth anniversary but Sofia Ahlbergg is saying that that reflection has not always been the norm. Obvious reasons for this, I guess, it is in the outwash of World War II, the United States in particular had to celebrate the victory rather than reflecting on how they got to the victory. He said there were some very conscious attempts to suppress the Japanese footage that was taken. Footage was kept in the Pentagon for years and suppressed but it has since of course been released. That kind of silence has also crept over to our novels and our films and she says our films and novels have few references to the dropping of the bombings works
on Hiroshima and Nagasaki but works that do address it shows the importance of thinking about the unthink nl. She mention as few of them. There's Kurt's vonder gut's cat's conscience
Cradle and there's "the conscience of words and witness" from the '70s that tells the story of a diary of Hiroshima from a doctor that pilgrim aged around and visited the site of the dead people and paid homtoonling them and wrote about it and did so prayerfully to provide a balm of respectful words and she says that shows thus blank space rendered by the bombing where lives were completely extinguished, there is something through story that can redeem that. It is a lovely essay about the redemptive power of story that's quite moving.Closer to home, Michael Bradley discusses what he sees as the essence of I guess the wash-up of the Bronwyn Bishop helicopter ride?Yes, there's quite a shift of gears to this story and it's been about a month now of these entitlement scandals that we've been going through and I guess we're having a sort of mad as hell kind of moment and I think Michael Bradley 's essay in The Drum taps into the anger that's out there about the entitlements scandals. He says we need to make rorting politicians aware of the consequence of their action. If they fail the expectation we fairly set, vote them out, all of them if that's what it takes. A couple of issues to unpack here, of course the argument about the rules themselves that what Tony Burke and Bronwyn Bishop did, that a lot of their incitements were in the rules and the Prime that
Minister and others have argued that it is the system that's at fault, that the rules themselves are a disservice to the politician. Michael Bradley argues that these rules aren't being
nearly as vague as they're being made out to be and he unpacks that as well. There's another argument about and that's the generosity of those rules. Who would have thought that Tony Burke's family going to Uluru and the taxpayer's paying for that, paying for what is effectively a family vacation. Bradley says, "We shouldn't contribute anything towards the family holidays of people who get a base salary of close to $200,000 a year. He says tightening the rules can get us some of the way," but he's not convinced it will get us all of the way, we're going to have to take action at the ballot balk. A look at what the effect of the public back-lash may be in political polling? Should-T should come as no surprise given that story that's been percolating along. This story from Peter Lewis from Essential media who does the Essential polling and he writes for us every week and paints a very grim picture. She says we don't know any more who we. To be PM and this not good. He says voters are routinely asked, "Who do you prefer to lead the major political parties?" He says it's official - don't know is emerging as a preferred national leader, outstripping all candidates on the Labor side and just barely trailing Malcolm Turnbull on the Coalition side. He says furthermore, if "don't know" were to team up with "someone else", you'd have a winning ticket hands-down, that how bad it is. This is despite that both leaders have policies that appeal to the public. Tony Abbott's policy on asylum seekers appeals and Bill Shorten's policies on policies are
renewables appeals but the policies are not translating to support for the leader. We need a circuit breaker. Thank you, Chip Rolley. In New York, a Stradivarius violin stolen 35 years ago has been returned to the family its rightful owner, Roman
the famed Polish violinist Roman Totenberg. The valuable violin known as the Ames Stradivarius was made by renowned Italian violin maker Antonio Stradivari in 1734. It went missing after a concert in Massachusetts in 1980 but re emerged recently when a woman who'd been given the instrument by her late former husband took it to a violin expert. Seeing these instruments first-hand and working on them, it's like knowing family members. So it's easily recognisable and when I saw this one certainly it was truly a eureka moment. The instrument has now been returned to the three daughters of Roman Totenberg. The violinist passed away in 2012. Not not not said Stradivarius owners are guardians and promised the violin would be played in public again. And so the Ames Strad, now perhaps known as the Ames Totenberg Strad, will eventually be in the hands of another great artist like my father and the beautiful, brilliant and throaty voice of that violin, long stimmed, will once again thrill audiences in concert halls around the world. - long stilled.Approximately 550 Stradivarius strurments including violins, violas and cellos remain in existence. One sold for a record $15 million at auction in 2011. Let's take a look at the national weather now. Here's Vanessa O'Hanlon. On the salt lite image , plenty of cloud over WA due to a low-pressure trough combining with a cold front tonight and causing rain from around Exmouth down to Esperance on the south coast. The trough will move in an easterly direction over the weekend pushing the high deeper into NSW, clear skies, light winds and mostly cold fights for the weekend. That low pressure system due to reach the southeast on Monday with the return of snow. In the meantime, looking good on the skifields with clearer conditions. Further rainfall expected tomorrow around southern parts of WA. That band of rain and northerly winds heading towards western parts of SA and another low pressure system to bring a few showers up around the Pilbara.

of Appeal
Just before we go, the Court of Appeal in Brisbane has reserved its decision in a challenge against Gerard Baden-Clay's murder conviction.ABC news 24 will have more on this throughout the afternoon. That is ABC News for now. The next full bulletin on ABC TV is at 5 p.m. I'm Jane Hutcheons. Thanks for your company.