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7.30 Report -

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(generated from captions) buddleia, common ly called the

butterfly bush, and it was

covered in bees. Before we go,

a brief recap of our top

stories tonight - a charter

flight is being sent to Egypt

to evacuate Australians trapped

by a week of anti-Government protests. Egypt's President

Hosni Mubarak is refusing to

step down amid increasingly

violent protests and emergency

services in North Queensland

are on high alert as Cyclone Yasi lurks off the coast. There

are warnings it could rival the strength of Cyclone Larry which

devastated the town devastated the town of

Innisfail in 2006. That's ABC

'7.30 Report' News. Stay with us now for the

'7.30 Report' coming up next.

Enjoy your evening. Goodnight. Closed Captions by CSI

Tonight on the 7.30 Report -

dark days for the Australian

film industry. My 20 years'

experience in the industry will

go away because I will have to

find work in another industry.

As the soaring dollar deters

Hollywood from making movies


it's ever been. It is perhaps the hardest

are humanity's living

history. And after the flood. Rebuilding one man's

magnificent obsession. You were cross-breeding and you lose that purity and yeah he is saving it.

Welcome to the program. I'm

Tracey Bowden. Those stories shortly, but first, to Egypt,

where chaos reigns throughout the country. After a week of mass demonstrations, thousands

of people continue to ignore

State imposed curfews taking to

the streets to protest against the 30-year rule of President

Hosni Mubarak. A key ally of

both the west and Israel, the

President is still refusing to

stand down. Shortly we'll cross

live to Cairo for the latest on

the stand-off but first this

report from the ABC's Middle

East correspondent Ben Knight

who spent the weekend on the

streets of Cairo. A hamburger

bar was caught fire. suddenly, everyone's falling bar was caught fire. And

over themselves to save it. Government buildings and police stations are burning

freely all over this city. But

this is the first fire truck I

have seen in two days.

arrive to put this fire Fire Why were people cheering the

out? Because people don't want

the country to be destroyed. We

want to be the same. This is

Mohammed. He is 23 years old

with a university degree, and

no job. There are plenty more

like him here today. Just a

block away from where we stand

the ruling party's offices are

on fire. They have been since

the night before. That's the

headquarters of the NDP. How do

you feel when you watch that

burn. I'm relieved by that building burn. Everyone in

this country hates this party

because they have all the power. They do what they

want. But today, it's the

protesters who are doing what

they want. Yesterday, they

overwhelmed the hated riot

police. So the police packed up

and went home. The protesters

are happy they feel they've won

here the first battle. But nothing

here is clear. The army is on

the streets. But who will they really back when the time really back

comes? The people or their Commander in Chief? On the

street, there's no doubt. There

was a baby sitting on a tank. I

don't know what that says, but I suppose one thing it does say

is that people genuinely love

the Arnie Egypt. That's right.

Like I told you, it's a matter

of hating the police. We always

fear that the --

feel that the army is one of us and they will never shoot

bullets at

Egyptians have been unable to

protest like this. Now they

have the freedom of the

streets, no-one seems to quite

know what to do with it. There

general is no organisation. Just a

general feeling that this is

where they should be. Every now

and then someone will start up

a chant and people will run in

a random direction. Then it just stops. And people going up

to standing around or comparing souvenirs of the night

before. This is a good one,

yeah. This is what they're

shooting? Yeah. This is very heavy. heavy. It's full of a small

metal bullets. Did you think

that you would live in a

country where the police would

shoot this No, I never. I know

- I never thought they would

shoot. Things this at us. And

that has polarised this protest

since it began. In the

beginning it was a plea for a

better life and more democracy.

And many people would've been

happy for Hosni Mubarak simply

to say that he wouldn't stand

for presidential elections in September. But changed that. September. But the violence has

But no-one seems to be thinking about what happens here, the day after Hosni Mubarak Mubarak flees the country.

Almost no-one. What are you

doing? We don't want to

participate in the mobs. We

have a different opinion. So instead, they're cleaning up

the square. Letting the regime

kick off, it's not in anyone's interests. Because it would be Tunisia.

I need the government to be

there to run things. Even if

it's corrupted, there is a huge

silent majority. I am a silent

majority. We don't have the

option to speak, so

act. Others are acting in

different ways. The looting of

the National Museum was a shock. These people quickly

surrounded it and joined arms

in a 24-hour vigil. It is a

national treasure. We must keep

it safe. We must protect it.

Around the centre of the city, rumours fly everywhere. One person tells me the army has

desert ed the President. No-one

knows what's really happening

or what to do. The smallest

fast and causes new outrage. We snippet of information

are not going anywhere. Because

they tried to have the Egyptian

people to stay in his position.

He killed a lot of Egyptians

yesterday. If he want to stay President he all. Suddenly someone decides

it would be a good idea to

protest in front of the

Interior Ministry, so a crowd

starts heading down towards its

building. Even walk around the city today is an ordeal there

is so much residue from the

tear gas that the crowds kick

it up with their feet, it up with their feet, stinging

your eyes. This type of thing

is happening all over the city

where you have people acting as

the police. The only sirens we

can hear are the sirens of ambulances. There ambulances. There is no

authority but the army isn't

moving, the army isn't doing

anything. It's just protectsing the government buildings from the protesters the protesters this is the law

in Egypt this afternoon. It's a

different crowd down by

waterfront. These men are members of members of the Muslim

Brotherhood. They're the

biggest opposition group in Egypt. But Hosni Mubarak has

outlawed them and has used them

among others as an excuse to

keep the country under

emergency law for almost all of

his rule. protest too peters out. People

start heading back to the

square. The aimlessness

continues. Without the police

on the streets to give them a

focus, the focus, the demonstrators have no-one and nothing to fight.

People are just walking, and

waiting, but they don't know

for what. Then suddenly,

someone gets a text message. Mubarak should leave!

But of course they quickly

find out that Hosni Mubarak

hasn't gone anywhere. As the

sun goes down, the main square turns into a strange kind of

picnic area. The weather's beautiful. Kids play on the

remains of the police riot

shield and the mood is almost

happy. People are tired, many

have been up all night but they

don't want to leave. But Cairo

is about to find out

when there are no police on the

streets. Darkness has fallen.

And the whole atmosphere of the

square has changed very

quickly. Obviously all of the

families have gone, the young

women and the children are no

longer here. What you have left

are the young men. They're in a

state of high agitation. The

army is here and it's keeping

the peace around here. But down

that street and beyond it, into

the rest of the city there is

no law and it's becoming a

very, very dangerous place.

Just a few away there has been shooting at

the police barracks. People see

our camera and urge us to go to

a nearby mosque that's become a

major shift emergency room and


In the neighbourhoods that

surround us, looters and thugs

are taking control. While the

residents are forming vigilante

groups to protect themselves.

This man has left his family at

home. And he's worried. But

he's not he's not leaving the

square. Must be is trying to

threaten people so that we go

back to him and beg him to

stay. We want him away.

enough for him to stay for 30

years. At what point do you

say we want the police back? We

don't want the police back. I

myself was part of that. We

don't want them back. We will handle our own things, guard

our house, keep them safe. We

will fight for our lives and

our country. We love this

country and they don't love

it. Ben Knight joins me now

live from the Egyptian capital.

Those scenes at night looked

extremely dangerous. How are

things there now? Well they are

fortunately improving or at least that's the sense that I

get this morning. That was leading into Saturday night and

that was indeed a very, very

violent night. There were many

deaths, many shootings and that

was the night that the

criminals and the thugs were

actually in control. And you had themselves with knives and with

guns and what was interesting

is someone said to me that in

Egypt, guns are not legal. It's

probably similar in its

laws to Australia. It is a

very, very serious offence to

possess one. Yet all of a

sudden in houses in every neighbourhood, suddenly

everyone had one. Legal or

illegal. So that was Saturday

night. Now last night, we get the impression that it was the impression that it was a lot calmer. There haven't been

reports of the same kind

looting, or of the same kind of

violence. That could be because

there are police coming back

onto the streets. Now, that in

itself is quite interesting. Because it would be some kind of concession from Hosni

Mubarak. But the situation this morning, it's mid-morning in

Cairo. As I look out onto the

industry behind me, there's

actually a traffic jam. It's

not that all of the cars are

back on the road, but there is

a tank which has closed the

main road into the Cairo city

centre down to are a lot of cars behind it.

People have to go to work.

People are trying to get back

to normal. Just below me here

I'm seeing there's a truck. And

people are cleaning up the

street. I was actually

wondering how wondering how long this was

going to take to happen but

we're starting to see heavy

equipment moving into the city

and the carcasses of cars and trucks are beginning to be

removed, so the atmosphere is

changing but the stand-off is

still there. This has been the

pattern, calm in the morning, a

semblance of normal life but

then as people head back

towards the square around the middle of the

start to get the major

protests, the mass protests.

What is also interesting is

that the army is beginning to

set up concrete barricades. As I came towards this office this

morning, for the first time, I

was stopped by a soldier who wanted to see my

identification. That hasn't

happened before. The army

rather nan just sitting back on

the tanks and lapping up the

adulation of the people and

calming things by their mere

presence appear to be taking a

control and actually trying to

control the centre of the city.

We've heard they're starting put barricades in, concrete barricades around the main square. That is probably going

to be the most interesting

development of the day. The

square has obviously become the

focus. Tens of thousands of

people mass there every day

because they have the freedom

to do so. Today if there are

barricades there, that freedom

may be taken away. If the army

is trying to prevent the people from getting into that main

square, that's a big question

about how the people will

respond to that. They thought

the army was on their side,

they thought the army was there now taking a stand on past

Egyptian government, on behalf

of Hosni Mubarak and saying no

you can't come in, that could

be a be a flashpoint. There is that

sense of stand-off, with everyone watching what the

other players are going to do. Any sense

Any sense of who might break

first? Well, no. But it is interesting to watch the

gradual drip of concessions

that are coming from hub hub

hub. This has obviously been

compared to Tunisia. With very,

very good reason. I don't think

there is any doubt that the inspiration for what has

happened here in Egypt. But when

when those revolts and those

protests happened in Tunisia

the President Ben Ali

very quickly came out and made

massive Quon sessions. He

sacked the government. He

promised that food prices would

go down. A swag of concessions

in very quick time. It wasn't

enough and he left the country

the next day. Hosni Mubarak has

been much stronger. And he has

the army on his side. But I

think with the pressure from

the US, which has been growing, because I can tell you Egyptians here have been deeply

unimpressed with the approach

of the United States in the

early days but the pressure

from the west, Hosni Mubarak has been starting to make

concessions. He sacked the government, but as far as

people here

just meant he was appointing 32

more cronies to his Cabinet.

What he has also done is said that the new Prime Minister

will talk to other opposition

parties and in the words of

Hosni Mubarak, quoting from a

transcript of what he said,

this will achieve democracy.

Well, clearly, the people on

the street are not going to

think that that has achieved democracy. So Hosni Mubarak is

making these little

concessions. If indeed he has

started to send the police back

out on the street that's another

another one. But I can tell you

Hoyte not going to be enough satisfy the crowd in the

square. You've covered this

region. How is the chaos in Egypt being viewed by other

countries notice region? There

are a couple of interesting

countries to watch here. There

are quite a number of obviously

autocratic regimes watching

very, very nervously. But

have a look at the Gulf

countries, you have monarchies where democracy has never

actually existed. So if people

don't have t then they don't

miss it, programs. And the countries countries there do spend a lot

of money on subsidising the

basic, food and fuel and things

like that to try to stop

exactly this kind of unrest.

But it's not the case in other

countries. I think Israel is

going to be extremely nervous

at the moment. It has obviously a peace treaty with Egypt.

Hosni Mubarak doesn't make

State visits to Israel but

Hosni Mubarak's Vice-President

does on a regular basis. He has a very good relationship with the iz I intelligence

authorities. Israel has told

its diplomats to get busy

telling other countries and western

western countries to just pull

back on the criticism of

Israel. Because it does not

want to see this kind of instability on its southern border. On Israel's eastern

border, is the only other country that has a treaty with

it, which is Jordan. There will

be nerves there as well. Thanks for that update. Thanks.

The Australian dollar is

holding firm near parity with

the US after rising to a 28

year high just after Christmas.

The strong dollar is making Australian exports less competitive on the global

market. For the film industry,

the writing has been on the wall for more than a a rising dollar meaning its too

expensive for foreign studio

executives to make their movies in Australia. The Federal

Government has announced a

review of tax incentives review of tax incentives and individual States such as New

South Wales are doling out

grants from an assistance fund

but the local film industry is

downsizing and many in the

sector say they can't wait.

Sarah Dingle reports. It's

box office is running hot.

Despite DVDs, the Internet and

the rise of digital television,

Australians still love going to

the movies. Although they might

not know it, in the past, these crowds flocked

crowds flocked to Hollywood

block bust yes,, some of which

were made in Australia. It

could be some time before they

do so again. It is perhaps the

hardest it's ever been in terms

of international looking at Australia as a production destination. We have

less now than we've ever had. I

have no future projects on the

horizon. The Warner Brothers

film northern ya Voyage of the

Dawn Treader was the last

big-budget film made in

Australia. Shot in Queensland, Narnia's production more than a year ago. I think

it was about a year employment

for me and a lot of crew. At

times we had over 1,000 people

on the payroll each week.

Jennifer Cornwell is a Jennifer Cornwell is a film

production manager of 20 years'

experience. Her credits include

the children's adventure Nim's Island, shot

Island, shot on Queensland's

beaches and the action-packed

'Superman Returns', filmed in

Sydney. Her last job was

another action film, the $200

million American movie

Battleship whose producers

pulled the plug. We were looking at employing over

crew full time on Battleship,

plus extras, stunt performers,

etc. There was a lot of crew

would've had work on the

film. We were their preferred

destination, but unfortunately,

the incentive just wasn't

strong enough for them to stay in

is a 15% tax offset for big-budget overseas

productions, mostly in the US,

being made in Australia. It's

Tracey Vieira's John as Australian Film Commissioner

based in LA to keep that up

flow of projects. When the

Australian dollar was worth

less than 80 US cents, that 15%

was enough to lure Hollywood


Now, higher incentives in the

UK, Canada and some are keeping productions in the Northern Hemisphere. Here at

Fox Studios to announce the New

South Wales Government has secured the big-budget Hollywood film 'Green Lantern'. Six months after then New South Wales Premier Nathan

Rees's press conference, last October, 'Green Lantern' became

another casualty. At about 74

cents in the dollar they were

starting to get concerns. At 84

cents in the dollar it was actually

actually going to save them significant amounts of pull out, even with the loss of investment they'd already

made. Both Battleship and

'Green Lantern' nt went to the

state of Louisiana with a 35%

tax incentive. A move which, in

'Green Lantern''s case, saved

tens of millions of dollars.

Back in Sydney movie lot Fox

Studios is as empty as it was

on the day of the New South Wales Premier's

announcement. Last

international production

would've been Wolverine. And

prior to that, Baz Luhrmann's 'Australia'. We're talking 2008? 2008. The real concern is

the skills drift. We're seeing

or into non-related hundreds of crew drift offshore

is the Australian head of post-production company Deluxe which over

which over the decades has sh

worked on films from Picnic at

Hanging Rock to 'Happy Feet'.

Now Deluxe is cutting staff and

getting out of movie game. We

have to look to other areas to

sustain our business. That

means regrettably areas outside

the feature industry. It means

moving into more diverse broad

cast and advertising based

streams. On Friday, New

South Wales announced a handful

of new foreign films would come

to Sydney for production. But only after the producers

received extra assistance from

a special $20 million State

fund. Which they said was

crucial to overcoming the

strong dollar. The director of Australian movie 'Wolf Creek'

says the Australian domestic industry needs big foreign productions to come to our shores. Everybody loses,

because ultimately, all of those crews who

skilled up working on these

huge films, then they go on to

work on Australian films, so it actually raises the qualities

and skill level of all the domestic productions that are

made. We will need to double

our incentive to 30%. You have facilities such as visual effects effects houses and post-production companies. With all of

insen tip of at 30%, even

though we won't be the most

kokt effective we'll be in the

game. Doubling the offset to

30% seems large. It's what you

have to do to compete on a very globally competitive landscape.

It's not a grant, it's designed

to deliver significant inflows

of external investment into

Australia. The Arts Minister

Simon Crean declined to

comment, ahead of a major

review of the film industry's

offsets in the coming But with more than a year

between big budget productions

and major Australian lighting

company Panalux now up for

sale, by the time any new incentives incentives are announced the industry may have changed dramatically. I really feel

that we're at a point where really the next month is critical. I can't sit around

for another six for another six months and wait

for a job, unfortunately. So my

20 years' experience in the

industry will go away because I

will have to find work in another industry.

A poultry fancyier's quest

to preserve rare and endangered

breeds was nearly destroyed in

the Lockyer Valley floods. the Lockyer Valley floods. Mark

Tully lost most of his weird and wonderful collection of

chickens turkey s and geese two

weeks ago. But he is not going

down without a fight and with

the help of friends and

volunteers, Mark Tully has

begun rebuilding his Blue Hills Poultry Stud.

These breeds are living history.

They are the seething gene

pool to our commercial heralds and flocks.

Mark Tully is a livestock

crusader. It's taken him 12

years to gather up more than 100

100 rare breeds of chicken,

turkeys, geese and pigs. And it

took just over two hours of

flooding rain in Queensland's Lockyer Valley to nearly destroy it all.

That's hard. Spent a lot of

time tracking them down,

finding them. We probably have

about between 25 and 35% left.

That looks about right. But

with the help of friends and strangers, Mark strangers, Mark Tully is rebuilding. With a weekend

working bee titled Pig Day Out

Chicken Dance. When people

actually get out there and do

the chicken dance, the chicken dance, they can't

help but smile. And the help but smile. And the Lockyer

has been flogged you know and

hit hard. So to encourage

people to smile is a good


I'm from the land. What he

has done with the livestock,

particularly the pig side of

things and how rare they are, I

know that with grains, too,

like all the

You just lose - you lose that

purity. And yeah, he is saving


Mark Tully says his life was

saved by poultry. In the 2008 documentary 'Rare Chicken Rescue', he tells how he

suffered burnout from his job

as a complunt development

officer and how his birds gave

him a reason to live. Without

you, they don't get fed. Without you they wouldn't be coming out of the house. Drawing on rumours as

well as research, he's taken on

a life mission, to track down

and rescue rare chicken

breeds. How are you? Good. I go

knock on the door and say hey,

do you mind if I have a look at

your commooks? Something you

would think Paul Hogan would say about something else. Every

chicken tells a story and Mark

Tully has plenty to one with no feathers on its

neck is a Transylvanian

naked-neck. It's got a very

special story to it. It was

hated by Hitler in the

Holocaust as well. But most of

Mark Tully's collection at hell

done in Queensland's Lockyer

Valley has been destroyed. The

pens and ponds and sheds and fences of the Blue Hills

Poultry Stud have all but been

wiped out in the flood no-one

saw coming. The last 15 years

we haven't had any of the dry gullies

one behind us is even running constantly at the moment. It's

just unbelievable. John

Schultz looks after the

for the stud's four rare pig

breeds. I was a bit

disheartened on the Tuesday

when I finally got to here so

see how Mark's bird s were

going. I didn't know how the

pigses were going, 'cause I

couldn't get down here. So they

had swimming lessons. The stud lost

most of its poultry. Mark Tully

was on the Gold Coast when

disaster struck, which he

admits was probably just as well. All my friends reckon if

I was here, I'd be gone, 'cause

they said I would've been down

rescuing the animals. I would've done my damnedest.

And now family friends and

volunteers are doing their

damnedest to keep the dream alive. A neighbour provided an

organic pig on a spit for the

lunchtime break. Malinda

Schultz says she knew little

about rare breeds of livestock

before she got involved with

Blue Hills. We're learning a

bit each day now and it's

great. People say they're just chooking or they're just

pigs or they're just goats but

the reality of it is the world

loses three breeds of domestic

livestock every single month to much a family affair, with

support from Mark Tully's

parents and his brother David.

Mark Tully says one of his main

inspirations was his mother,

who recently passed who recently passed away. Take

care. When I was originally

told that all this was gone, I

was thinking, well, maybe I can

have a holiday now. Sort of

thing. Try and get look on a

positive, I saw a picture of my

mum in the background. The

night before she died, she said

don't turn your back on the

lost breeds. The rebuilding of

Blue Hills is a huge job.

Because it's not just the

infrastructure we need to

replace. We need to then go on

another journey. And find breeds again.

That's the program for

tonight. We will be back at the

same time tomorrow, but for now, goodnight. Closed Captions by CSI For grumpy people like us, the things that are supposed to make us universally, unreservedly happy have a habit of making us very grumpy indeed like romance - the whole boy-meets-girl business. Yes, OK, if you're newly in LOVE, then the dating game is a wonderful thing but for the rest of us, just the word 'romance' sets us off on a string of grumpy thoughts. I don't seem to be a person who attracts grand romantic gestures and I don't know why that is. Probably 'cause the way I am, people have just gone, 'You on for a shag?' A bit of romance goes a very long way. The danger when you ask a man about romance is that he's incapable of separating romance from sex! Romantic is any gesture that inspires Mrs Llewelyn-Bowen to raise her nightie. Oh. (Sighs) I can't bear people who canoodle in public. I think it's rude! They say women are the weaker sex, and yet, ever try getting their duvet off at four o'clock in the morning, it's impossible. Wafting your farts? Mind you, isn't that embarrassing the first time you do it? Women tend to like men because chocolate can't mow the lawn. I just see a big man in the supermarket the other day and thought, 'Look at you, you big mountain of a man!' If you've got a joint account and not had sex, things are moving too slowly. The world of romance is full of silly myths. It's full of twaddle. The trouble with romance is that everyone else seems to be having such a fabulous time of it, blissfully skip-in-their-step happy with whoever it is they're dating. ? What do you get when you fall in love? ? Some days, the whole world seems to be canoodling in lovey-dovey paradise when the truth is - most of us have a limited amount of success with the whole business.