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ABC News -

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Tonight - sifting through the

clues to determine what went

wrong on Qantas Flight 32. I've

had 35 years of had 35 years of flying experience and this is the

first time we've had an engine

fail like this. We believe

this is most likely a material

failure or some sort of design issue. Why the strong dollar

could be a blow to the Federal

Government's coffers. the rare and shy Eastern

Underground Orchid. We just

can't really find it easily and

we don't really know what else

it occurs. And, the dark self-portrait

this year's Dobell Prize for self-portrait that's taken out

Drawing.

Good evening, and welcome to ABC News, I'm Virginia

Haussegger. Those stories in a

moment, but first 89 people

have been killed in two aircraft crashes in Cuba and

Pakistan. 68 people died in

Cuba when a flight from the

eastern city of Santiago went

down near the town of Quasim al

. There were no survivors. . There were no survivors. 21

people were killed in Karachi.

an Italian-based energy company The aircraft was chartered

ENI. The nationalities of

those on board aren't yet

known. Here, more details are

emerging about a dramatic

mid-air engine failure on a

Qantas superjumbo . Passengers

have spoken about the pilot's

heroic efforts to get the plane

down after a blast crippled one of its four engines and while

the A380 fleet remains grounded

Qantas says faulty engine design could have been the cause. First, though, ABC

correspondent Matt Brown is in

Singapore where the jet touched down.

Finally headed for home, it all

seemed so routine. Few will

ever forget how close they came

to disaster, but most

passengers of QF32 were still

in good spirits. My hair's gone

grey. The pilot is being

praised by his passengers with

a blown engine and a hole torn

in the wing he kept them

experience and this is the feeling calm and informed. I've

first time we've had an first time we've had an engine

fail like this. What's

happened is engine number two

has had a failure and it has

affected other parts - not important parts of the

aeroplane -, but there are

systems that have been

affected. As the plane circled

burning the islands of Singapore,

burning fuel, the aircrew worked through a complex

computer check list. The

aircraft is safe, we have four

engines, one we have shut down. It's possible we could have

restarted it, but to be safe we won't. However, even after a

clean emergency landing the

danger wasn't over. Fuel

spilled from the damaged wing

and one of the three intact

engines would not shut

down. Obviously in the back of

your mind you're concerned

about a very hot engine next to

leaking fuel. As the passengers

left the terminal they were

relieved, but not in a panic. Give me a Boeing any

time. Australian air transport

start work here today. While investigators are expected to

the fleet of six Qantas A380s

have been grounded, many others

Singapore Airlines says will be up in the air.

A380s and all are cleared for overnight it checked all 11

takeoff. On the tarmac, technicians still appeared to

be looking for the near fatal

flaw. This is the most serious incident involving the A380 since it came into service

three years ago, but it's not the first time there've been questions about the Rolls Royce

engines that are installed in

the engine and many other A380s

currently in service. It's

Qantas's 90th birthday this

month, but there's little to

celebrate as engineers work out

what went wrong with one of the four engines on QF32. We believe this is probably most

likely a material failure or

some sort of design issue that

we're tracking through and

trying to understand. We don't

maintenance in any way. The believe this is relating to

Trent 900 engine is made by

Rolls Royce which powers more

than half of the 37 A380s in service around the

service around the world.

Qantas says the plane involved

in the Singapore incident

recently underwent its first

heavy maintenance check by Lufthansa in Germany. An

inherent defect within the

engine could be the cause, also

a possibility a manufacturing defect could be responsible. Or

it could just be a glitch in a

parts of the engine penetrated 3-year-old engine. None of the

the passenger or crew

compartment, nor did they

damage any significant part of

the aeroplane that could have

caused and loss of the aeroplane. Air safety investigators admit it could

have been much worse. Depending

on the degree of what we uncontained engine failures,

yes there can be a threat to

passengers in the hull or the

fuselage. There have been

concerns about the A380 Rolls Royce engine before yesterday's

incident. Two months ago the

European Aviation Safety Agency

wear of issued a directive about the

potential for loss of wear of the engine and the

issued in March last year performance. Another was

identifying cracking. Both stated the problems present a potential unsafe condition to

the aeroplane. The work that

was needed and recommended we

did complete. Qantas is hoping

to have the superjumbos back in

the air within 48 hours. I would be surprised if there

were not further ram figures s -- ramifications of this,

because it's an unexpected

incident with a new aircraft

type with a reasonably new

aircraft engine. Whether it's a

one-off or a design fault may

not be known for 12 months when the official completed. The Federal Government's promised Budget

surplus is at risk. The high

Australian dollar is eating

into revenue, but the

Government says it's still on

track to turn the Budget around

in three years, and while both in three

sides of politics are united in

bashing the banks one of the

country's biggest retailers has

also attacked the recent

interest rate hikes saying

they'll ruin Christmas as

shoppers struggle to buy gifts.

Stephanie Kennedy reports. In

a new twist to Charles Dickens

Christmas tale, the banks with

their big profits and interest

rate hikes have been likened to Scrooge - cold-hearted and

greedy. The banks also added to that interest rate rise by lining their pockets as well

and that's going to make it

more difficult. Not only do

you get the Federal Reserve

rate, but increase from the

banks. That makes it

into the store and put

Christmas presents under the

tree. The banks aren't alone in

threatening this year's

Christmas cheer. The soaring Australian dollar is taking a toll on the Government's bottom

line. It's 15 cents higher

than when the May Budget was

handed down. Companies with less profits are able less taxes so it will have less taxes so it will have an implication for tax

revenue. That includes less

revenue from the new mining

tax. It'll fall short of the

$10.5 billion forecast. The

Government refuses to say just

how big the hole is in the Treasury's coffers, but it will be detailed in the mid year economic review expected next

week. One thing the Government

will say is that it's still

committed to its core election promise - bringing the Budget

into surplus. But, some

economists aren't optimistic

the Government can deliver on

its pledge. Because we've set

this line in the sand surplus in 2012-13 that is under threat. The Coalition demanding the Government

produce a mini Budget detailing

how it now plans to put the

Budget back in the black. The long-standing non-negotiable so-called surplus promised now for months and months particularly before the election turns out to be a

phoney. The surging dollar is taking the pressure off

interest rates, at least in the short-term. In the Reserve Bank's latest Statement on

Monetary Policy the RBA has cut

its inflation forecast to 2.5%

until the middle of next

year. I don't think it changes

the basic picture. No rate rise ahead of Christmas, but

chances are yes rate rises next

year. , but as the Commonwealth

has shown, the banks can still spoil this year's Christmas

party on their own. A drunk

driver who ploughed into the

front yard of a family

jailed for eight years. 6-year-old Bangoang Tut a

Sudanese refugee was playing in

the yard with his mother when

the driver careered through the

fence and hit them. The boy's

family has dismissed the jail

sentence as inadequate. Nhial Bangoang fled war-torn Sudan to

give his son a better life, but

he and his family believe the

man who took that life hasn't

been properly punished. It is

not an animal, this is a human

life that has been lost. It is

a human life OK. It's not

enough. It should be more. This vision shows a drunk

Gary Ryan, doing burnouts at a

friend's Christmas party in

Morwell last December. He'd

consumed between 12 and 18

beers and had a blood alcohol

reading more than twice reading more than twice the

legal limit. Moments later the 26-year-old accelerated around

a corner and lost control of

the car which crashed through a fence. including Bangoang Tut and his

mother, Lomding Deng. Deng and

the two other boys aged 15 and

17 weren't seriously injured,

but Tut died in hospital.

Sentencing judge Liz Gaynor

described Ryan's actions as the

cruellest of blows to a family which had endured significant

hardship. In a victim impact statement, Nhial Bangoang has described the devastating

impact the incident has had

saying he's lost not just his

son, but also his hope for a

better life in Australia. As

the sentence was read out Lomding Deng wailed and Gary

Ryan wept. Judge Liz Gaynor

acknowledged Gary Ryan was

genuinely remorseful quoting

from an apology letter in which

he wrote he'd give his own life

in a heartbeat if it would

bring back Bangoang Tut's. But, he described his

irresponsibility and irresponsibility and negligence

as breathtaking and said he was fortunate to have fortunate to have only taken one life. served, Ryan will be eligible

for parole in just over five

years. At least 49 people have

been killed in the latest eruption from Indonesia's Mount

Merapi. The volcano started

spewing clouds of ash and

superheated gas in the middle

of the night and panic swept

through the area as villagers and rescue workers scrambled to

escape. Entire villages were

destroyed and the whole area is

covered in ash. Dozens of

people have been rushed to

hospital. Many others have

sought shelter in already

crowded evacuation centres.

Mount Merapi has been erupting

for 10 days. More than 80

people have now been killed.

Residents of earthquake

devastated Haiti are bracing

for another natural disaster. Tropical Storm Tomas is bearing

down bringing heavy rain and

winds of up to 100km/h. The

biggest danger is for the 100,000 earthquake survivors

housed in tent cities near the

capital. UN peacekeepers are helping them evacuate. Vulnerable to high winds and

also to flooding from the hills behind which you can see have

no trees on them. There's a tendency for flash

flooding. The idea of moving

hasn't gone down well with some

who suspect they are being permanently relocated.

Officials in the Caribbean nation nation fear the rain will

worsen a cholera epidemic that's already claimed 400

lives. The ACT Government has

announced a new weapon in the

fight against road deaths. A

new speed limit of 40km/h will

be tested in two of Canberra's

busiest town centres. The

Chief Minister says he has no

plans to introduce the new

limit in every shopping strip,

but says there are some places

where drivers need to slow

down. When the ACT Government

surveyed the community about a 40 kilometre speed limit for built-up areas not everyone was community when asked didn't

support a reduction in speed

limits. , but the Chief

Minister is pressing on

anyway. I believe it's

something we should pursue. A 40km/h speed limit will be

trialled in the Gunghalin and

Woden town centres. The limit

is already in place around

schools and hospitals. Jon

Stanhope says it's an idea

worth developing and worth developing and he says statistics are on his side. 60

ks if you get hit front on by a

car you're very likely to be

killed. 30 ks much less likely

to be killed. 40 ks is a kind of compromise. One of the

great stats is on an average

drive this would only ever

increase the time of the drive

by about 10 seconds. That's

not much. The cycling lobby says this is something they've been pushing for, for years and

they're not alone. Reduced

speed limits have been proposed

by the City of Sydney. In the limit is 50km/h. Now there's talk of bringing that down,

too. And that means somebody is going to be going to be walking around who

might otherwise be critically

injured or dead. The trials in

Gunghalin and Woden town

centres will be held early next

year. The number of people

needing treatment for serious

kidney disease is set to triple

over the next 10 years. A new

report has also found that the

cost of treating the disease

over the next decade will hit

$12 billion. Health

professionals believe a lot of

money and lives could be saved

if more people had their

dialysis at home. For a

patient to have dialysis in

hospital costs around $80,000 a

year. To have it at home is

$30,000 less. Sandra Bell says

by doing it herself she's not

only saving the system money,

but she's saving herself time. second night and sleeps through

most of her dialysis. I feel

like about 100% better than I

did when I was going to the

clinic. In its report Kidney Health Australia says by 2020

the number of people with

serious kidney disease will

have jumped more than 50% and

it's worked out $430 million

could be saved from the health

system if more people do home dialysis. A patient who goes home regains some self-control,

regains a measure of self-worth

and self-esteem. Kidney disease

is on the rise in Australia for

four main reasons - the

population is ageing, and the

rates of diabetes, high blood

pressure and obesity have

exploded. Those working in health say the Federal

Government should spend more on

trainers to teach home dialysis because kidney disease major problem. One in three

Australians is at increased

risk and one in nine

Australians already has some

form of kidney disease and they don't know about it. A

Government spokeswoman says

home dialysis isn't an easy

solution because most end stage sufferers are sufferers are over 75 or

Aboriginal. Sandra Bell says

it took over two months before

she got the hang of it. She said

said if she'd got more

encouragement from doctors she

would have started at home

sooner. Still to come - a

former Australian of the Year

appeals for more encouragement

for Indigenous students. The Eastern Underground Orchid is

one of Australia's most bizarre

plants and one that's so scarce it's forced highways to be

rerouted. Scientists saved a

precious few plants from the

path of bulldozers and for the flower in cultivation. It

augers well for the species to

make a comeback in the wild.

In Australia's vast array of colourful flower species it's

not the most spectacular, but

the Eastern Underground Orchid is certainly one of the most significant. We just can't really find it easily and we don't really know what else it

occurs. One place scientists

did know about was the bush

around Bulahdelah on the NSW

Central Coast. Probably was a highway by-pass was bearing down on the colony of

endangered plants. So they set

about studying the bizarre

orchids that flow, flower and

reproduce entirely fellow the

leaf litter and Mark Clements

even tweaked and engineers plan

s of the site. It's got a slight kink because of the

orchids. His team took the untried step plants and bringing them back

to the CSIRO in Canberra. While

we were excavating these plants

which took about two days we

actually had to work on it

really carefully we had the

bulldozers working nearby actually clearing the footprint. They footprint. They never expected

the temperamental orchids to

flower, but this is the first

time this species has ever

bloomed in cultivation. Yes,

it's been a career highlight

for me. It's hoped they can now be propogated and repopulated

in the wild. The irony is the scientific

scientific breakthrough would

never have happened without the

prospect of bulldozers ripping

through this patch of otherwise

pristine bush. There are new

concerns that the Joint Strike

Fighter program with the United

States will face further cost

increases and delays. The F-35

is Australia's purchase and the program is

already behind schedule and

over budget. Now American officials have failed to

completely reject media reports

that there's more bad news to

come. What has been leaked to

the press is premature and I

would suggest to you that in some respects some respects it's inadequate. The Pentagon says

the review of the F-35 program

is not yet complete. To finance finance now, and the dollar

continued its steady march

higher while there were big

moves today among commodity

prices. Here's Alan Kohler. It

was party time on global market

s last night. Nobody thinks

the Federal Reserve's burst of

money printing will make much

difference to the US economy, but they're agreed it's great

for share prices. Gains were between

between 2-3% and there were big

rises among commodity prices - gold, oil, wheat zinc and the

index were up by big numbers.

Investors are throwing caution

to the wind and buying risk

assets like shares, commodities, Australian

dollars. In the past six months, global shares have

become more than 80% inversely

correlated to the US dollar. As the Federal Reserve tries to

reflate the US economy by

printing money that pushes the

US dollar down and shares up.

A neat way to look at it is by charting the Australian dollar

with the global share index as

with this graph and they're

almost perfectly correlated positively and that means making money on the sharemarket

is easy now when the US dollar goes up and the Australian

dollar goes up - buy shares.

Today the Aussie has gone up

again further beyond parity and

the local sharemarket has gone up by 1.2%. The The index would have gone up

more except the banks are in

the doinghouse now. The one

bit of bad news in global

markets is that the pigs are in

the poo again and I don't mean

they're happy. The difference

between what the governments of

Portugal, Ireland and Greece

have to pay to borrow money and

what Germany pays is back at record levels - not good. The former Australian of the Year Mick

Year Mick Dodson is calling for

a shake-up of teachers' attitudes about Indigenous

students. Professor Dodson has

received an honorary doctorate from the University of

Canberra. It's the latest of

many accolades recognising his

contribution to human rights,

social justice and Indigenous

affairs. He says the low

expectations of some teachers

make it hard for Indigenous students to excel. What's being reinforced

reinforced in them is they're an they're Aboriginal or Torres

Strait Islander. That's my message

message - we've got to stop

doing that. Professor Dodson

says all educators must recognise the great potential

of Indigenous students from

preschool through preschool through to university. Australia could

face a tricky run chase tonight

under lights and in damp

condition Tess SCG as

to level the 1-day series

against Sri Lanka. Before the

rain set in the tourists were

heading for a big total. More

showers are forecast though

through the evening. The match

has already been reduced to 45

overs a side. After six losses

in a row, Australia couldn't

even win the toss. In overcast conditions Kumar Sangakkara

surprised by opting to bat.

With the skipper back, Australia was intent on

reversing the trend. There's

always going to be negativity

around when things aren't going

to plan for you. We know and

understand that. Open Tharanga and Dilshan got off

the mark with boundaries.

Before winning on Wednesday at

the MCG Sri Lanka slumped to

8/108. There was no upper

order collapse this time. For

almost 20 overs Dilshan and

Tharanga dominated and bowling

lifting the scoring rate. COMMENTATOR: That's too short... Back in the side for

Xavier Doherty, Nathan Hauritz

hunted and first scalp -

Dilshan for 47. Tharanga

worked his way past 50. That is

a beauty. He's made it a half

volley. , but the dangerous

former skipper Jayawardene made

just 5. Jayawardene doesn't like it, he's gotta go. Hoping

to lead his nation to its first

series win on Australian soil

Kumar Sangakkara set the

example. Rain intervened and

an onslaught was signalled and

a hopeless run-out miss .

Kumar Sangakkara reached 45 before falling before falling to Clint

Mackay's catch. In Perth,

England has made a promising

start to its tour of Australia

playing a 3-day game against

Western Australia, the English

bowlers took early wickets.

Duncan Huntsdale reports.

Apart from losing the toss,

England could hardly have made

a better impression in its

first session on tour. In the second over, Stuart Broad took

two wickets from as many balls

to leave WA reeling at 2/0.

Looking for a long innings

before the first Test, Marcus

North made only 19 off 73 balls. Wes Robinson and Adam

Voges slowed the run chase. Sarah Heard, Pauline Frasca, Sarah Cook and Kate Hornsey finished behind the Netherlands

to take the silver medal at the world rowing championships. The United States was in

contention for gold before

striking trouble.

COMMENTATOR: She catches the

water going Americans recovered to finish

third. In the men's quad skull

Croatia won gold. First, they

broke their winning drought

against the All Blacks, now the

Wallabies are being drenched in

Wales as they prepare for this

weekend's test in Cardiff. It's

going to be a tough going to be a tough game, but

the confidence we have from

last week is going to hold us

in good stead. To keep improving from that. Australia

will field an unchanged line-up from the squad which beat New

Zealand after the siren. In

four weeks, Australia will know

if the soccer World Cup will be

coming here in 2022 and the man

leading the bid is pleased bribery allegations against FIFA committee members didn't

delay the final vote. I

couldn't stand it. And it

wouldn't be good for us either

and I fought very hard not to

have it delayed. Frank been selling his vision for the

tournament while entertaining

some of Australia's

powerbrokers. At the World

Golf Championship's event in

Shanghai, four players are run

gunning for the No.1 ranking. Lee Westwood has it, Tiger Woods wants it back while Phil

Mickelson and German Martin

Kaymer can also take the Kaymer can also take the top

spot. Woods produced some of

the form that had him

dominating for several years.

But, it's the unheralded

Italian Francesco Molinari who

leads after two rounds. A dark

and sinister self-portrait has taken out this year's prestigious Dobell Prize for

Drawing. Sydney artist Suzanne

Archer beat more than 600

entries to take the title and

the $25,000 prize. The work 'Derangement' focuses 'Derangement' focuses on death.

Suzanne Archer says she was

inspired to explore her own mortality after studying animal carcasses at a veterinary science lab at Sydney

University. I'm a bit stunned

to be quite honest. Like, one

doesn't get told beforehand.

There might be vague things you

can take as hints, but I

definitely wasn't convinced I

was actually going to win, so it really is very it really is very thrilling for

me. The 45 finalist s are on

show at the NSW Art Gallery.

Now here he is with all our

weather news, Mark Carmody. Thanks and good evening. The

mini cool snap we're having

might be a tad uncomfortable

and it's got us turning the

heater back on, but it's not

going to last long. Flowers in

the garden are lasting longer.

The roses are lasting longer

and they look and smell

terrific. Take this one, it's

called white denim. Cool weather due to a south-easterly

air stream. Currently, cloud

is beginning to break up.

There's a light easterly and

it's 11 degrees.cloud extended from the Tableland to the coast

with light showers falling in Goulburn and the bay.

South-easterly winds pushing

cloud over our region and those south-easterlies have been

generated by a high now set at

east of Tasmania. A front moving through the Bight and it will deliver late showers to

Adelaide tomorrow. It will

arrive here on Monday.

In Canberra tomorrow go and

see two gardens, one in Red

Hill, the other in Griffith.

There's also some open out in

Burra. The winds will be north-easterly to

south-easterly to 20km/h.

This rose is interesting,

it's called white denim. It

was bred for the Children's Medical Research Institute who

are celebrating their 50th

anniversary next Wednesday at

Government House. It looks good and the perfume's divine.

And that's ABC News. Stay with

us now for 'Stateline' with

Chris Kim ball. Latest news at

ABC online and ABC News 24.

Enjoy your weekend. Goodnight. Closed Captions by CSI This Program is Captioned

Live.

Hello and welcome to

Stateline. I'm Chris Kimball

and this is Yass. This weekend

the region is hosting a series

of event, collectively called

Classic Yass. It's described as

a celebration of community,