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(generated from captions) Tonight on the 7.30 Report -

the man without a trace. My name is Peter Dale Raymond, but I have I have no official record of

having been born. I have no

unofficial record either. I

don't exist. One person's

truth about his identity. I heart-breaking search for the

would just love to know , do I

have a brother, do I have

sisters? Who are my sisters? Who are my parents? And, a forgotten chapter of history, the confederate war ship that

secretly sailed into Melbourne

during the dying days of the

American Civil War. It was a story of shock and horror. It

created a little bit of havoc diplomatically.

This Program is Captioned

Live. Welcome to the program, I'm Heather Ewart. Those stories shortly, but first to Egypt,

has where President Hosni Mubarek

everyone with his refusal to

relinquish power. There was fury among protesters in

central Cairo earlier today

when Mr Mubarek announced he would remain in power until

elections in September.

There'd been widespread

expectation that the president

would use a broadcast on State Television to announce he'd

step down. Even the White

House appeared to be expecting

Mr Mubarek would quit. While

there's anger among the protesters,

protesters, the real question

is what the Egyptian the ABC program 'Foreign will do. Mark Corcoran from

Correspondent' joins us live

from Cairo. First of all, can

you take us through the mood of the crowds in the square as the crowds in the square as Mubarek's they awaited President

Mubarek's speech. Clearly they

expected a very different

outcome? That's right, the mood

was one of celebration, of a

party. I mean, we've been here

for 11, 12 days now and the

crowd last night was certainly

the largest I've seen. People with square. They were pouring out

of the adjoining streets. They

were in party mode. They fully

expected the president to step

down, and with good down, and with good reason.

Earlier in the day one of the

senior army generals that we've seen in and seen in and around the square

controlling the security had

basically come in and said to

them "Look, your demands will

all be met" and, of course, all be met" and, of

everybody down there took that

as their cue to expect him to

stand down, so there was a mood of exhilaration if you like

that they were going to history last night. But unfortunately, when he appeared

on State TV it was

in mood was instantaneous. And extraordinary just the change

what happened as he gave his

speech, was there disbelief,

what happened? Look, there was.

Some people slumped to the

ground in shock, others were in

tears. But overall, I'd say

the majority were incredibly angry. who I'd been dealing with over

the past week or so became obviously visibly frightened.

One of them said to me "Well,

look if this is the

he's here till September and

his anointed successor Omar

Sulieman remains in power,

we're marked men, they'll come

and get us". Of course, Omar

Sulieman was the head of the

security services here, security services here, the feared Egyptian security

services, so there was this

incredible outpouring of anger, of disbelief, immediately people left the square, groups left the square

and started to march on State

Television. Other people said

they were determined to march

on the presidential palace

today, which would be an

incredibly provocative step. From what we're hearing this

morning, that's very much on

the cards. So do you think the President's speech has, in

fact, strengthened the level of anger and protests and the momentum is now, in fact, building even more? Very much building even

so. In recent times I'd felt

the momentum drop off. People

who were outside the square

were trying to get on with

their lives. The traffic had their

built up again. People were

questioning the protesters, but

last night has just reignited

this thing. I mean, it's only

mid-morning here 10:30, not a

time when you usually get a lot

of protesters out and about,

but next door to my location

here there's Egyptian State Television, a

Television, a symbol of the

State, a symbol of the propaganda of already it's blockaded by

hundreds of protesters. There

are tanks surrounding the State

TV complex, but there are

hundreds of protesters stopping

the State TV employees from

getting to work. At the moment

the army is massive, they're

not doing anything, but the

question is what will be their

orders when this march starts

on the presidential palace ?

We're expecting that to happen

some time after midday Of course, it's Friday the

biggest day of the week for

prayers here in Cairo. The

organisers here in the square are basically asking people to

get down here now to get this

thing started, get this confrontation started once Friday prayers is complete,

once midday prayers are

over. What's the feeling there

Mark about what approach the

army will taek? Well, look it's

unclear. The army to date has

attempted to steer a path neutrality through it if you

like. On the one hand being

defenders of the State, on the

other hand acting as protectors and if you like, crowd control

at a perimeter of Tahrir

Square, how they will behave

today, how they will act today.

Look, it's anyone's guess. If

you care to take a guess, what

do you think is likely to

happen in the next few days? I

think one of two things are

likely to happen if they march

today, either the army will not on the presidential

confront them, let them in, or

perhaps they will open fire and

this. we'll see a rapid escalation in

they're the two options. I

seriously believed, certainly don't think anybody here

in the street, that Mubarek

would stay on. The protesters,

the young protesters just see

him as an old man, an

82-year-old old man who's

holding on and has no idea of

the mood or the Corcoran, thank you for that streets at the moment. Mark


And now we're joined in our

London studio by the Professor of Middle Eastern Politics and International Relations at the London School of Economics and

that is Professor Fawaz Gerges.

Thank you very much for joining

us. It's my pleasure. Now what is your take on President Mubarek's speech? What do you

think is going on in his

head? Well, I think if there is

one particular point your viewers that Mubarek and his close

allies are really disconnected from rally. There's a disconnect between rally and allusion. They seem to be

clueless, delusional, out of

it. They don't really

appreciate the gravity of the crisis, the broad base

coalition pitted against them.

In fact, I would argue that the

Mubarek regime has basically

tested positive for cancer, yet President President Mubarek and his vice-president Sulieman are delugd themselves that it's

just a mi grain and this is a

very dangerous situation, because

because the disconnect

reality and delusion is a

recipe for disaster, a recipe

for escalation. What you will

witness not just today - today

is not the end of it - but

you're going to witness today

and in the next few days very

risky and dangerous situation for Egypt and the Egyptian army

as well. So what is behind this speech, who's calling the

shots? I think at this

particular stage, Mubarek seems

to be in charge, because obviously if he does not have

the implicit support of the senior ranks of the officers,

he would not have done what he

has done. Despite all the pressure - pressure - remember, millions of Egyptians have basically been calling for his resignation. The United States of America, the Obama Administration is on record saying that Mubarek should

really get out. international community, as

well. Yet, Mubarek insists on

remaining. Everyone who knows

Mubarek says that Mubarek is a

military man, he will fight

till the end. He doesn't give

a damn what happens to Egypt as

long as he and the vested

interests of the regime remain

in power. So it's partly

delusion and partly, of course, fanaticism. He believes that

he embodies the nation. I

mean, think of what he said last night. Himself, Mubarek

means Egypt. He called his sons, he addressed the

nation as a patriarch. The

nation does not want him, yet

he does not really appreciate

what's happening in his own

country, what's happening in his brain really has no relationship to reality to

what's happening in Egypt. Well, all Egypt. Well, all the signals

coming from the US today was

that like the protesters, the

US expected a very different

outcome, what approach do you

think the US Administration is

likely to take now and will it

make any difference? Well, it's

really very

the United States of America.

The director of the central intelligence agency, the CIA,

this is one of the most powerful institution powerful institution told lawmakers yesterday lawmakers yesterday that he

believes that Mubarek will be

out by the end of the evening,

that is the CIA, the US

intelligence had information

that Mubarek was going to make a speech and basically resign.

This tells you about really where American foreign where American foreign policy

is and how few options American

foreign policy has. In in the last week or so, the Americans have made it very

clear they want Mubarek out and

they believe that Mubarek is

not just a liability for Egypt, he is a liability for American

interest, yet American foreign policy has failed to convince

the Egyptian army to get rid of

Mubarek and that's why you see

the confusion, you see the

nuances, you see the changes,

you see the embarrassment. I think President Mubarek's

statement last night statement last night after

Mubarek's speech tells you a great have come to the conclusion that Mubarek is a huge

liability. They're trying to

send a clear message to the

Egyptian public that they are

on their side. There are calls

from the Opposition in Egypt

for the army, for the military

to intervene immediately to

save Egypt. What save Egypt. What role do you

think the military is likely to

play now? Well, have a think

about it, when we talk about

the army u we think of the army

as a monolith, a machine, it's

made up of 500,000 rank and

file. It's a huge fighting

machine and also a huge industrial and economic

industry, as well. So you

a subtle split between the

senior officers who have a

vested interest in the Mubarek

regime. President Mubarek

would not have remained in

power if it is not for the

vested interest that basically

the senior officers have with

Mubarek. You're talking about

billions of dollars, billions, I'm not talking about millions.

Senior officers have big

businesses, I mean huge

business and you have the other

split is between the junior

ranks and the senior ranks. ranks and the senior ranks. I

think, my fear is that if the

army of the senior ranks give

orders for the junior ranks to

fire on people, I think you're

going to have a major, major split and that is why the army

is between the rock of the

Egyptian people and the hard

place of the vested interest of senior military

likely scenario to play out in

the days ahead? I know it's

difficult to gauge that, but

what do you think is likely to happen? Think of how the

situation has been shifting and evolving and unfolding in the

last two weeks. The momentum

is shifting back and forth. is shifting back and forth. I

think at this particular stage

Mubarek has alienated most

Egyptians. I think you're

going to see escalation, I

think you're going to see

millions of Egyptians trying to march not just on the

presidential palace, but also

the entire ministry, the headquarters of the You're going to have escalation

- the army will be forced to

make up its mind. The army

will be forced to either

suppress the protesters or

basically allow them to get rid

of President Mubarek and

vice-president Omar Sulieman.

Egypt is having -- heading

towards a few dangerous days

ahead and President Mubarek

does seem to be going anywhere,

obviously has to be dislodged from the presidential palace. Professor, we'll have

to leave it there but thank you very much for taking the time and trouble to join us tonight. My pleasure. Now to

one man's search for identity

which has evolved into a which has evolved into a

life-long quest to literally determine who he is. Peter

Raymond was born in Melbourne

in the 1940s, but he has no

birth certificate and was never

told his real name. He was

never formally adopted, and the

woman who brought him up left

no clues to help identify his

real parents. And as Lisa

Whitehead reports, the time

left to find out the truth

running out. My name is Peter

Dale Raymond, but I have no official record of

born. I have no unofficial

record either. I don't exist.

Peter Raymond's journey has

taken him up and down the

streets of St Kilda where he

grew up, to the local Baptist

church, to hospitals, schools and old haunts. It's like I sort of materialised out of

thin air. Peter Raymond never

knew his father, and the whom

who raised him, Enid Raymond,

never revealed to him the

circumstances of his birth.

When he needed identity papers

to get his drivers licence and

marriage certificate, she signed statutory declarations

for him, no questions were

asked. It was an unwritten

secret, not spoken of. I

should have asked and she should have told, but for some

reason we each decided not to

do it. Enid Raymond died in

1980, leaving behind no clues to Peter to Peter Raymond's real

identity. He was told his date

of birth is September 16, 1948,

but he hasn't found a birth certificate or hospital record

to verify the date, location or

the names of his parents. Were

there any records of your being

fostered out or adopted Enid? No, no records I've been

able to find. He was raised by

Enid Raymond and her mother Amy

Mackie , who had a history of

fostering children together. There's no photos of

me as a baby in Enid or Amy's

arms. I don't appear with them

until I'm about 12 or 18 months. Peter Raymond has found

no trace of a Mr Raymond. Enid

Raymond never spoke of him, and no marriage certificate

exists. The name Raymond seems to be concocted. There's

a wedding photo of her in full

bridal outfit, but no

attendants, no groom and it is

a studio photo, so I suspect

that she had that photo taken

to perpetuate the myth that she

was a married woman. Peter

Raymond has written to every

member of the women's extended

family he can find. He's searched Births, Deaths and

Marriages in photographic studios, even prison records, all to no

avail. For as long as I can

remember, he's always BP

plugging away. I remember

going, when I was going, when I was a kid going to Births, Deaths and Marriages

with him and, you know, and

then the Internet, and he's on

the Internet and he's trying to

find people, and so I remember he's always been plugging away.

So it's sad. The quest has

raised as many new questions as

it has found answers, but he did discover one truth - origins of his step-brother

Kevin Raymond, 17 years his senior. He obsince theibly grew

up thinking Enid was his mother

and Amy was his grandmother and

he didn't discover the truth

until just a few years ago as a result

result of my public search. He

was a ward of the State. He was a ward of the State. He

had three brothers and a sister

to a mother who couldn't look

after any of the children. There they There they are playing tennis. St Kilda Baptist Tennis

Club, yes, that's your mum and that's my

that's my mum. Lynette Tucker remembers Peter Raymond

visiting her house visiting her house as a young

child. Her mother was one of

Enid Raymond's closest friends. She thought perhaps

that Kevin was the father of

Peter, but she didn't have any other, she said she knew

nothing else. He could have

fathered a child as a teenage

boy. He has said no, that's not true, so I that. Peter Raymond has chosen

not to pursue a DNA test with

Kevin. Both of them believing

in another theory. In the 1940s, Enid Raymond worked as a

housekeeper for some prominent

Jewish families in St Kilda, including Rabbi Claude Schwarz.

She was a devout Christian, but

Peter Raymond was sent to an

elite Jewish school for three

years. My theory is that my

mother is Jewish, that Enid was

asked to care for me, or

me or take me into her custody,

and that the deal was that my

education would be paid for at

a Jewish school. So I went to Mount Scopus, who could that yes I was a student

enrolled there, but they

couldn't find any financial

records to indicate who paid fees and so on. When Peter

Raymond was 8, Enid Raymond

married an 85-year-old widower.

Why are you so certain that

Enid was not your biological

mother? It's a

There is the remotest chance that she is, but circumstantially I'm convinced

she's not. When she did marry

around 1958 and around 1958 and she listed

herself as spinster, with no

issue. So at the point in time where she could have told the

truth, or was under some legal

requirement to tell the truth,

she chose to say that she was a spinster with no children. Peter Raymond has no complaints about his

upbringing. The photos suggest I was very well fed, I

was well educated, well clothed

and I had every opportunity and

advantage in life, so you know, I have no grievance about that.

For the sake of his two

children, and three young

grandsons, he says he needs to

find the truth about his

identity. The search took on

greater urgency after his diagnosis with Parkinson's

disease . Quite often I'll in a doctor's surgery or a

specialist's rooms and go

through a questionnaire and

they'll say "Is there any

history of heart problems in

your family, your family, or any history of

blood pressure?" And I answer

"I don't know" , so from a

medical point of view for

myself, and for my children and

their children, it would be

helpful to be able to pass on that medical information.

Since dad was diagnosed with

aware, I guess, it makes you

think about what other things might be relevant. Enid Raymond

died of complications due to

the onset of Parkinson's

disease. The jury is

on whether the illness is he

residentiary. It's just

another question clouding the

search for Peter Raymond's

identity. He hopes by going

public with his story, someone,

somewhere will come forward

with a clue. I would just love

to know, do I have sisters, who are my parents?

Who's my father, cousins? I'd

like to build that picture for my family. Lisa Whitehead with

that report. In the final months of the deadliest

conflict in America 's history,

the civil war that left 620,000 soldiers dead, a confederate

warship, the 'CSS Shenadoah'

sailed unannounced Melbourne. During the visit in

January, 1865 the crew secretly

recruited 42 men from the recruited 42 men from the new British colony to join the rebels in rebels in an act that eventually cost Britain millions in

millions in damages and the story was hushed up because of

the fear of individual prosecution, but there's now a

push to highlight the

'Shenadoah''s visit in time for

its 150th anniversary. Cheryl

Hall reports. America's deadly

civil war may have

way from Australian shores, but

the battle of the north and the

south had a surprising episode here.

here. Confederate State ship 'CSS Shenadoah' sailed into

Melbourne for repairs in

January, 1865, causing a

conflict of war-like proportions. It created a

little bit of havoc diplomatically, quite a story.

There were accusations that it was secretly here to recruit

crew, which it was. As soon as

it was sailing through the

heads, word got around to

Parliament that there was a

confederate war ship sailing up

the bay. Well, the impact was

one of shock and horror

originally, because it was such

a powerful war ship it could have flattened Melbourne in a

heartbeat. 147 years on, the 'Shenadoah' story still

recruits devotees like Leigh

the ship docked for just 24

days. It was just the biggest

event in Melbourne's history, I think, personally. In a wind and sail, it was the first

close encounter with a modern

war ship like the 'Shenadoah'. It was virtually

like a nuclear submarine, like

the first nuclear submarine, it

was that powerful. It had not

only fire power, but because it

was steam driven as well as a sailing ship and there were not

had steam power. I understand many other sailing

that a lot of people thought

they were going to be fired on

and so a lot of Melbourne

society, the story goes society, the story goes that

they fled to the Dandenongs, but once it became clear that there was no threat and the

diaries of the crew estimate

there are something like over

7,000 people viewed the ship on the second day. The 'Shenadoah''s mission was to

sink union merchant ships,

mainly whalers producing oil

for industrial machinery. It

sank so many whalers it was

said to have doubled the price

of whale oil. Public reaction

was split throughout the clashes. The gold rush was

under way and many supported the

the rebel underdogs. There were

more Irish rebels than there

were the English land and

gentry, so there was definitely a majority. But US Consul

William Blanchard tried to

to impound the ship and charge convince the Victorian governor

the crew with piracy. It was

surrounded by police at one

point. The cannons from the Williamstown battery

at the ship. That bid came to

nothing and the ship's crew

were fated. Even today there's an enduring band of die-hard

fans keen to recreate the

story. They were treated like

heroes in Ballarat.

loved the idea of these guys

from the other side of the

world coming there and they had

confederate uniforms on and the women

women were reputedly offering

them gold nuggets for their

buttons. Southern gentlemen

and southern Bells they've

still got that reputation and

they were more than welcomed

and one or two romances ensued

from that time. When the 'Shenadoah' 'Shenadoah' finally sailed, Captain James Waddell took 42

stow aways through the heads of

Port Phillip Bay. They signed up once they were international waters. The fear

of prosecution was so great

that little is known about the 42 men who joined the rebels from

from Melbourne. Some never

returned, some changed their

names, and some were buried in

unmarked public graves. Very

few have been identified. When

the civil war ended

word apparently failed to reach

the 'Shenadoah'. They took

their last 10 prizes on June

28, 1865, which was long after they were surrendered. The men

of the 'Shenadoah', some think were heroes, not pirates. And

someone who is the enemy, and

in this case the whalemen

the enemy because they were

Yankees, comes up to you and

says "The war is over, don't

you know that?" . You you know that?" . You have no proof. The 'Shenadoah' had had

a great grand plan to sail into

San Francisco, holding the city

of San Francisco to ransom, but

on the wayward el found out

that the war was over and if that the war was over and if he got caught they'd all be hung

as pirates, so he stowed cannons in the hold below and

sailed off to England to

surrender. For those aboard the 'Shenadoah', there was

perhaps some solace in having

fired the last shot in the

American Civil War. A slice of

history I did not know about.

Cheryl Hall reporting. And

that's the program for tonight,

and the week. We're back at

the same time on Monday. Have

a great weekend. Until then,

goodnight. Closed Captions