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Foreign Correspondent -

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Australians signing up for heads toemon on the trail of

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time tomorrow. Until then,

goodnight.

Closed Captions by CSI This Program is Captioned Live. on assignment in Egypt Hello, I'm Mark Corcoran and this is Foreign Correspondent.

and dramatically reshaping People power is quickly the Arab world. Turbo-charged by social media, into action Tunisian's turned pent-up rage in a matter of days. and evicted their long-time leader has swung back and forth In Egypt an epic arm wrestle and defiant opponents. between strong-man Hosni Mubarak ill-afford a struggle with it's own, And then there's a place that can inspire another potent enemy within. because that may encourage and

but its not stupid Al-Qaeda is many things of self-radicalisation Those who are on the path now know where to go. We create an environment to radicalise people. that makes it easy And we're gonna have to stop that. and it's our destination tonight That place is Yemen and dangerous American - on the trail of a very loud was wants dead or alive a man the United States Government marching towards his Jihad. along with the foot soldiers nations around the world, His recruits are drawn from many including Australia. has drawn adventurers from afar. For centuries, this breathtaking land do so in stealth - But now some who travel here to keep from the outside world. they have a calling they'd like has become Al-Qaeda's new frontier This poorest of Arab nations for Jihadi-inspired terrorism. and a launching pad In an atmosphere of distrust, are being watched foreigners and Yemenis alike collaborating with the enemy and those suspected of in a chaotic courtroom. can very quickly wind up in the country's latest terror trial It's judgement day is a dubious Jihadi. and the young prisoner has already confessed 19-year-old Hisham Assem to killing his employer, a Frenchman. by all the attention. He appears amused he's a most unlikely terrorist Hisham Assem's counsel says has not heard the full story. and that the court that Mr Assem's boss The defence lawyers say sexually harassed him, and shot him six times. so he picked up a Kalashnokov

this is no ordinary criminal case, But the prosecution says this is a terrorist case, was inspired by Al-Qaeda. because this man who is the inspiration for Al-Qaeda. There is one man in Yemen Anwar Al Awlaki. It's America's own wayward Imam to kill a foreigner, He's urged every Yemeni of an outsider so therefore every murder of terrorism here. is considered an act Hisham Assem is sentenced to hang.

looks good The execution of a terrorist to be clamping down on extremism. for a nation that has to be seen And for good measure, Al Awlaki to ten years in absentia. the judge also sentences Anwar Jails are full of men and women with extremist groups. accused of collaborating be suspicious of its own citizens, The West has urged this country to perhaps to its own peril. of radicalising people I think there's a very high risk

by putting them in jail, the association is unclear, particularly those where where they are not operational.

I think it is a major problem. arbitrary crackdown are foreigners. Caught up in this uneven, often Are they here to see the sights, of their religion search for a deep understanding pied piper of Jihad, Anwar Al Awlaki? or have they heard the call if the have been coming here to study For years Australian Muslims

schools of this pious nation. in the highly regarded Islamic have been listed But more than 20 Australian citizens as 'persons of interest' by Western intelligence agencies in radical organisations. for their alleged involvement have simply disappeared here, Some, it seems, for just having passed through. others are under surveillance (Call to Prayer) One traveller who has felt the sting the Yemeni authorities may surprise - of this renewed focus by country New South Wales. a young woman from so protective of her privacy, Shyloh Giddins is in the public domain. there are no images of her

But we do know this Muslim convert Australia and arrived here in 2006 left a broken marriage behind in with her two small children. English and take on Islamic studies. Yemen offered the chance to teach Yemeni security forces came knocking. But on a May morning last year The policemen came to a house here? Yes, two cars, policemen. discuss her case Shyloh Giddins has not, and won't, Abdul Rahman Barman but her Yemeni lawyer her apartment for questioning told me she was taken from with Al-Qaeda. over her claimed links to fend for themselves. Her children were left in prison over the next four weeks, And while she faced interrogation it was left to him to negotiate outside the apartment through a security cordon to feed the children. the FBI and ASIO, Acting on information passing between had told Shyloh Giddins the Australian Government her passport would be cancelled - a move designed to lure her back to Australia.

obtained by Foreign Correspondent, This letter to engage in conduct accuses her of being likely of Australia or a foreign country. that might prejudice the security an extremist interpretation of Islam. Her ASIO assessment argued she had the Yemeni police got to her first. But once tipped off, Shyloh Giddins' release from prison. Australian diplomats negotiated She's now back in Australia. of scrutiny of foreigners in Yemen, But her treatment shows the depth where the clampdown is motivated by Western intelligence agencies. and rewarded was involved with extremist groups, We have no evidence that Giddins Anwar Al Awlaki, he was aware of her. but regardless of whether she knew In an Internet speech last November, for their treatment of Giddins. Anwar Al Awlaki condemned authorities

on many fronts Yemen is at war with itself its troops in training. and is keen to show us in the north of the country, There's a rebellion an uprising in the south and Yemen's long-serving presidential strongman now has the beginnings of a popular uprising to worry about. But there's another conflict here, that's really the only one the US and its allies care about for now. Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula has taken root in the desert here, often collaborating with tribal chiefs to establish its training camps.

Leading his country's war against Al-Qaeda is Brigadier General Yahya Saleh, nephew of the president. Do you think it is possible or likely that there are Australians here, members of Al-Qaeda in these camps? Until now we don't have any idea about that... Do you think - ..but if there is you will be the first one to know. The trail of the Australian jihadis has taken us on a detour to the Lebanese capital, Beirut. Foreign Correspondent has for some months been in contact with an intelligence operative, who claims to have infiltrated Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula. Samir, we'll call him, met me in a hotel to recount his experiences. Assalam Alikum. Alikum assalam. Samir's account undercover is explosive but so highly sensitive and dangerous is his job, we're using an actor to convey precisely what he told me. So I want to show you the first camp. Samir says he travelled undercover to a training camp in Shabwa Province where he observed two men identified by camp leaders as Australians. They looked very European to me. The first man, he was about 22 years old. He spoke poor Arabic, and I remember he had the early growth of a beard. They told me his mother was Arab, but he looked European. The second Australian - he was older, maybe 30. I remember he had a beard, dyed red from henna. This man, he looked agitated and uncomfortable, and because I was new in the camp he seemed uneasy and tried to cover his face. What kind of training did they have?

All kinds all kinds. They have Islamic studies.

They have training in weapons, training in explosives. They also had a classroom with computers for training on the Internet. Samir claims he visited a second, more remote camp, this one in Abyan Province. There he found a totally self-reliant community of about 1,000 men, women and children.

The foreign recruits were provided Yemeni girls and women to marry. In this place I saw four or five Australians, they were of Indonesian origin, but they had Australian passports. One of them went by the name of Abu Nassir.

I saw Germans there too, and Somalis, Saudis. They were all involved in some kind of psychological training

to make them strong. If for whatever has motivated you to join the worldwide Jihad and you look at - I can go to Iraq I can go to Afghanistan, I could go to Pakistan or I can go to Yemen, Yemen is a much better place to go. There is one name that has become synonymous with Al-Qaeda

on the Arabian Peninsula.

Of Yemeni descent but American born, cleric Anwar Al-Awlaki is the first US citizen ever placed on his country's official assassination list. Brothers and sisters, there is a very important lesson to learn from this story of... With his perfect English, Al Awlaki's Internet sermons preach contempt for non-believers or Kuffars. The important lesson here is never ever trust a Kuffar. Do not trust them. He was accused of conspiring with a US Army major who killed 13 people in a shooting rampage at Fort Hood in Texas, in 2009.

And in the same year, Al Awlaki is claimed to have offered guidance to the so called 'underpants bomber', who planned to blow up an airliner over Detroit on Christmas Day. Al Awlaki is now in hiding in Yemen, after being released from prison there, but borders are no barrier to the man dubbed the Osama bin Laden of the Internet. He is a motivational speaker, he is a recruiter. It was on Barbara Bodine's watch that Al-Qaeda first struck in Yemen.

She was American Ambassador when, in 2000, a suicide bomber attacked the USS Cole in Aden Harbour, killing 17 sailors. 11 years later, Anwar Al Awlaki has become the human face of Al-Qaeda. Those who are on the path of self radicalisation now know where to go and we have turned him into a perverse kind of hero for them. So yes, I think to a certain extent he is a creature of our invention as well as anything he could have ever dreamed to be on his own. To get a sense of the evolution of this firebrand and the lure and seduction of his message, I've come to the neighbourhoods around Washington DC where Anwar Al-Awlaki once preached a moderate brand of Islam. We are confident that our way is sanctioned by Allah's prophet. His one-time spiritual brother, Imam Abdul Malik Johari claims Muslims like Anwar Al-Awlaki are radicalised, because they feel they have no voice. If I talk about it on the Friday sermon about what is happening,

if people hear me talk about that pain, now I'm a collaborator. This is a problem.

So where do young people talk about it, who feel those pain and frustrations?

They go to the Internet. I know some of you are still not convinced

that resistance is not a bad thing. The question is how does one resist? Anwar Al-Awlaki spent his formative years preaching in these American Mosques. He even publicly denounced the September 11 attacks - even though the CIA now claims he was the spiritual adviser to two of the hijackers.

But then, in 2004, he returned to Yemen, where he was arrested and interrogated for his alleged association with extremists. And they are pursued by Meccans who want to exterminate them. It's then, according to Imam Johari that his transformation from American citizen to enemy of the state was sealed. He claims he was tortured, and I think in that environment he might get to a point to say - you know, you're torturing me. I'm an American citizen, you need to get your hand off me. And they said, really? Well let me tell you something.

You're an American citizen,

your government asked us to do this to you. The United States is pouring tens of millions of dollars of military and security aid into Yemen on the understanding that Yemen must get serious about al-Qaeda.. There are frequent military clashes in and around the remote camps in the south and east of the country, but the elusive Anwar al-Awlaki remains in hiding. If there was any doubt about how al-Qaeda views the internet as a weapon of choice, you only have to look at its official online magazine.

It's called 'Inspire'. It's slick and incredibly well produced and laid out, and it's written in flawless English. There are messages from Osama bin Laden. But this is also a terrorist manual. There are stories about how to make a bomb on your mother's kitchen table, how to use your pick-up truck to mow down as many people as possible. This is clearly aimed at young and impressionable Americans, British and Australians and it's made right here in Yemen. But those who follow the call to al-Qaeda's training camps can be badly let down. According to the man who has lost young men to the seduction of extremism. They have a narrative that says, I listened to this internet rhetoric,

I got my backpack and I went to country A and then to the third country to get on the front of the Jihad. And when I got there, I found out that the mullah was having boys as child sex slaves. when I got I found out that they were trading opium for money, so they could buy weapons. While they expected us to go out unprepared, unsupplied to meet the enemy. For those with the path to Jihad in their dreams, the holy war can still be plotted in communion with others. Samir, the Arab spy who claims to have infiltrated al-Qaeda told me there was no doubt about the purpose of the two camps he visited, nor the motivation for the Australians he observed. This is his account, an actor conveying exactly what he said to me. These Australians and the other students are being trained for terrorist missions. No question. Their value is their Australian passport. So, who's running these camps, who's in control? Well, the money, it comes from Saudi Arabia and the Gulf countries. But their leader their leader is Anwar al-Awlaki. He is their spiritual guiding father. He is second only to Osama bin Laden. He knows that the internet is more powerful than the gun. Al-Qaeda is many things, but it is not stupid. And it understands that if it can recruit people who don't fit profiles, who can breeze through airports, who don't raise any alarms - that again this is a very potent weapon in their hands. Australian intelligence agencies say there are at least 20 Australian citizens who have disappeared from the radar after going to Yemen. Does that surprise you? Not particularly. In another place they might end up in an urban gang, in another place they might be part of a drug cartel. I think it is a deeper phenomena and some of them drift into jihadism - but the question is why? You know, I think, injustice radicalises people. The root causes are that we create an environment that makes it easy to radicalise people, and we are going to have to stop that. A nation running out of water and running out of oil can barely look after itself, let alone fight wars from within. This frail state is not yet a failed state. But for as long as these deserts are fertile ground for al-Qaeda, the world will care about Yemen, for perhaps all the wrong reasons. And back here in Egypt we've been closely following the ebb and flow in the violent stand-off between a president and his people. For us it has been at times a dangerous story to cover, as we discovered when we were set upon by a mob while filming the street fighting. (Shouting)

And we'll take you inside this extraordinary, unfolding drama

next week on Foreign Correspondent. Until then, it's goodnight from Cairo. (Closed captions by CSI)

This Program is Captioned Live.

Good evening, Virginia Haussegger with

with an ABC News update. Tears have

been shed in Federal Parliament for

the victims of this summer's natural

disasters. On the first sitting day

of the year, the Prime Minister's

emotional tribute brought the

emotional tribute brought the chamber to a standstill. But it was only a

brief pause in the rolling argument

over the clean-up bill. Residents

over the clean-up bill. Residents who fled raging bushfires in the Perth

Hills have been allowed back to find

out if they've still got a roof over

their heads. About 70 houses were

destroyed and dozens more were damaged in the inferno. WA authorities

authorities are tonight defending

authorities are tonight defending the amount of time residents were given

to get out after complaints that

to get out after complaints that fire alerts came too late. There's to be

an independent inquiry into the weekend

weekend assault of a security guard

at Bimberi Juvenile Justice at Bimberi Juvenile Justice Centre. It's alleged two detainees left It's alleged two detainees left their

unit on Saturday and attacked a

with an iron bar,

with an iron bar, injuring his face. unit on Saturday and attacked a guard

A Canberra motel will become the

latest accommodation hub for the

ANU's newest students. The Lyneham

Motor Inn will house 118 students,

part of the university's

Motor Inn will house 118 students, as part of the university's guarantee

provide accommodation for all first part of the university's guarantee to

years from outside Canberra. To

canberra's weather - a top of 25

tomorrow, Sydney - 26, Melbourne

tomorrow, Sydney - 26, Melbourne -

26, Adelaide - 31. More news in an hour.

It's something so small, but has so much clout. It cam decimate your business and you. The pressure mounts at the highest level. It's a pressure cooker. Michelin madness. 'Cause it is, really, seriously. People really beat themself up over it. What chefs should accept is that the people who are judging them have less knowledge than they have. When it comes to cooking, Michelin has been, generally, a really good arbiter. But when it comes to creating restaurants you wanna go to, it hasn't got a clue. My name is William Sitwell. I'm a food writer and critic and the world of Michelin-starred restaurants has long fascinated me. 'Michelin-starred chef'. That very phrase seems to conjure up something. It elevates your average stove monkey to superior, chef-y status. It puts you in a completely new culinary class. But how relevant is Michelin? Does everyone going out for a nice meal want to have a, sort of, poncy style of service, with a lobster veloute with hand-smoked, seared scallops on oat-smoked...whatever it is! Or can you get a Michelin star just for a good plate of steak and chips? Now, of course, most decent chefs are aiming for culinary excellence. They want to to produce good, tasty plates of food. But what happens when you add the words 'Michelin star' into that recipe? I wonder if, at that point, the path towards perfection becomes dangerously obsessive. Where does the path to Michelin star perfection actually lead? How are you? Are you well? Yeah, I'm well. And where better to start than pre-dawn at the home of Marcus Wareing, the top chef who, in an interview with the magazine I edit, famously slagged off his former boss Gordon Ramsay. I want to experience