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Tonight - Palestinians take

to the streets of the West Bank

as Mahmoud Abbas bids for statehood in New York. Mixed over the Sydney collar bomb

hoax returns to Australia. It's

seeing a slightly strange feeling

seeing him coming back into

country. 8 years on from devastating bushfires Mount

Stromlo looks to the

Stromlo looks to the future. We

hope that Sven chully we'll be

able to have a space and

astronomy museum up here. And

the Wallabies World Cup

campaign back on track but at what cost? what cost? Good evening,

The Palestinian President Adrienne Francis with ABC News.

Mahmoud Abbas has received a

standing ovation at the United

Nations General Assembly as he Palestinian officially lodged his bid for

Palestinian statehood but

despite the show of support at

the UN the move triggered

fierce opposition from the United States and Israel. The

US has vowed to use its

Security Council veto to block the Palestinian bid. And

Israel's leader told the UN

that peace can only come with direct negotiations. Middle East correspondent Ben Knight reports. Some of the powerful leaders in the world

try to talk Mahmoud Abbas out of making this speech but as

of making this speech but as he

walked to the podium many in

the assembly gave him a

standing ovation,

when he waved the letter asking

that Palestinians be admitted

as the UN's newest member nation. (Applause) Not everyone

at the UN was applauding. But

in the West Bank Palestinians

were cheering wildly. More

united behind their leader than

at any time since the death of

at any time since the death of

Yassar Arafat. This was blistering speech. He called

Palestinians the last occupied

people and accused Israel of

ethnic cleansing through its

policy of building Jewish homes on the land Palestinians want for their TRANSLATION: Settlement for their state.

activities embody the core of

colonial military occupation of

people. And all of the the land of the Palestinian

brutalities of aggression and

racial discrimination against

our people that this policy

entails. This policy is the

primary cause for the failure

of the peace process. Less an hour later Israel's Prime

Minister stepped up to

respond. The core of the conflict is not the settlements. The settlements

are a a result of the conflict. The settlements have to

The settlements have to be -

it's an issue that has to be

addressed and resolved in the

course of negotiations but the

been, and unfortunately core of the conflict has always

remains, the refusal of the Palestinians to recognise the

Jewish state in any border. Mahmoud Abbas says this

Israel but about giving is not about delegitimising

legitimacy to the Palestinian

people. He promised a nation

and the rule based on equality, democracy

and the rule of law. But he

won't get it here. The US has already vowed to use its veto

in the security Council to block the application. But the

Palestinians feel that already

public relations success this has been a diplomatic and

putting their cause at the top

of the world agenda and

prompting world powers to come

up with new ideas to get peace

talks started. A short time ago Middle East correspondent

Knight filed this report from

the Qalandia checkpoint between

Ramallah and Jerusalem. The

the United Nations both morning after the speeches at

Jerusalem and the West Bank are Jerusalem and

quiet. This is the Qalandia

crossing, it's one of the main

hot spots if there is ever

trouble but a fairly normal day

today. This has been a big

gamble by the Palestinian Authority

Authority not just because they've deeply annoyed the Israelis but they've also

embarrassed the United States

and that is a big deal. The

Americans were Palestinians not to go ahead

with this speech. Of course it

happened and it's a bad look

for the White House which throughout this year has been

those in other parts of the trying to support and encourage

Middle East and Arab countries

that have been launching

revolutions for freedom and

democracy. The Palestinians

with this move essentially

into pushed the American president

into a corner and forced him to

show his hand and the decision to back Israel and vote against

a Palestinian state has really

not gone down at all well across the Middle East. prospect for talks starting any

time soon, well it's been

spoken about by the Europeans,

perhaps within a month. It seems very unlikely at this point. At the end of

turbulent week on global share

markets world stocks markets world stocks have

market closed slightly higher. The US

market closed up for the day

but overall Wall Street

suffered its worst week since the global financial crisis,

down nearly 6.5%. European

shares turned positive with

hopes of more action from the

European Central Bank to ease

the region's debt Washington the International at the G20 finance meeting in

Monetary Fund warned there's no

expectation of a turn around in

the global economy in the short

the global economy in the short

term. Growth is low and it is

slowing down from where it had

picked up in 2010. Furthermore

we see risk, downside risks on

the horizon and not much expectations to see a

significant pick up of that growth in the quarters to come. Australia's

Treasurer says it's a critical quarters to come. Australia's

time for the global economy as

it enters a dangerous

phase. Australia's not immune

from all of these events in the global

global economy but Australia is

in better shape than just about

any other advanced economy. Overnight the credit

ratings agency Standard & Poors

affirmed Australia's AAA credit

evidence of the country's rating and Mr Swan says that's

strong economic position. The evidence of the country's

man accused of putting a fake

bomb around the neck schoolgirl Madeleine Pulver has

arrived back in Australia. Paul

Peters has been formally

charged with kidnapping. The 50-year-old did not apply for

bail, electing to stay in

prison for at least another 2

months. Under guard and under

arrest, on board this early

morning Qantas flight at Sydney Airport from Los

Airport from Los Angeles was

50-year-old Paul Peters. He

could have spent months or even

years fighting extradition from

the State of Kentucky. Instead

the banker agreed to return to Sydney to face allegations of kidnapping, demanding money by

force and detaining a person

with intent to hold for

ransom. That man has now been formally charged with offences here at the Sydney

police centre. Across town 18-year-old Madeleine Pulver and

and her family

and her family were attempting

to get on with their

lives. It's a slightly strange

feeling to see him coming back

into the country. Obviously

it's an important step in the

it's an important step in the process. The schoolgirl is just

4 weeks from her Year 12 exams

and it's taking

clearly going to have an impact

but, you know, I take the view

that the HSC result does not

define the rest of her

life. That life was turned upside down

upside down on August 3 when a

masked intruder broke into their home and placed a fake

bomb around the schoolgirl's

neck. I have great admiration

for Madeleine Pulver and her

family for the way they have

dealt with this matter in what

has been obviously a very traumatic

traumatic time of their

lives. For the first time the

case went before

court, Peter's legal

representative did not apply

for bail and he remains in

custody. I'm sorry, I'm not in a position to comment. The

magistrate said Paul Peters has

preserved the right to make a

full bail application when the

matter returns to court on 17

November. By that time he will

have spent a full 3 months in Australian and American

prisons. In Kabul thousands of

mourners have turned out for

the funeral of former Afghan

The chairman of Afghanistan's

high peace council was assassinated earlier this week by suicide bomber with

explosives hidden in his

turban. Police fired shots the air as Professor Rabbani's

supporters threw rocks at

government vehicles during the

funeral procession. Sally Sara

reports from Kabul. The funeral began

began with ceremony and reflection as

reflection as high-ranking

officials gathered at the

presidential palace. They came

to farewell former president

Burhanuddin Rabbani. He was the chairman of Council, a mujahideen leader

and scholar.

TRANSLATION: The cost of his excellency's blood and the

sacrifices of many others obligates us to continue our

struggle in reaching peace and

stability. When the procession

moved out of the palace and towards the people,

towards the people, the

atmosphere changed. It was a

volatile mix of grief and

anger. Supporters of the former

president believe the Government failed to protect

him. Extra soldiers and police

were sent to the hill top where

thousands of mourners rallied

for the for the burial. Professor Rabbani's followers carried him

through chaotic crowds and

people surged forward trying to

touch the coffin. Burhanuddin

Rabbani was killed earlier this

week by a suicide bomber with

explosives hidden in his

turban. The attacker claimed to

be a messenger from

seeking peace talks but it was a trick. Political, religious

a trick. Political, religious

and tribal leaders joined

thousands of mourners for the

funeral procession. There are not only fears not only fears of a possible attack today but many Afghans

worry that the peace process

has been severely damaged after

the assassination of Professor Rabbani. Some Afghans believe

the attack was planned across

the border by Pakistani terrorists. Our message is for Pakistan, that don't annoy

Afghan people. Troops and

police are on alert as tension increases in the Afghan

capital. The Government, its

allies and the insurgents are

locked in a deepening conflict.

The President of Yemen has

made a surprise return home

after spending 3 months in

Saudi Arabia recovering from an

assassination attempt. Hours

later his troops opened fire on

later his troops opened fire on

protestors calling for

President Ali Abdullah Saleh to

step down. More than 100 people

have died in clashes over the past rebel troops and government

soldiers intensified in the

capital. State television said

the President was calling for a ceasefire. It showed old

pictures of President Saleh who

was badly burned when a bomb

exploded inside his palace in

June. There have been renewed

calls for federal legislation

to protect Australia's prime

farming land. A Queensland Land

Care conference has been told primary producers should be

made to adopt sustainable

practices in order to safeguard future future food security. Experts

say global food production is

facing a critical shortage. The real real food security problem

comes about because we've got a

huge expansion in the future of population. So we'll have 2.4

population. So we'll have 2.4

billion people to feed extra in

the next 50 years. It's been

one of the key issues discussed

at this year's Queensland Land

Care conference in North

Queensland. Where Australia is

being urged to develop more

efficient and sustainable

farming. Because you can't keep producing more food if you're

damaging the very which you produce the

food. Chris Hess runs an overhead irrigator

overhead irrigator on his cane

form in the Burdekin. He's

studying how it compares flood and drip irrigation. I've

noticed pretty similar yields

to date and we're probably

using a lot less water than

what we were using with

flood. In fact it uses about

40% less water than other

methods. Yet there are no

financial incentives to adopt

more efficient technology and

no recognition in the market

no recognition in the market

place. That would change under

a national policy. Farmers who

are sustainable are not getting

a price signal, as I said, for

what they produce and I think

we need a policy framework

around that that says we have an Australian standard for sustainable agriculture. While innovative practices are are

often praised publicly, farmers

are concerned their efforts

will be for nothing if Australian co-ops continue to

be bought out by large

companies. They're buying up multinational

large amounts of land which I

don't know that they can manage

- well I'm certain they can't

manage them any better than what a farmer

advocates argue farmers who don't meet sustainability

standards shouldn't be able to

market their product in

Australia. A 42-year-old Curtin

man charged with holding up two

banks in South Canberra has

been refused bail. Michael banks in South Canberra has

Trezise appeared in the ACT

Magistrates Court this morning

charged with robbing the CPS

credit union at Manuka on

Wednesday. He's also charged

with attempting to rob the

Commonwealth Bank in Fyshwick

on the same day post office earlier in the

week. Police heard Trezise

heard he had a bomb and a gun.

The magistrate refused bail. The case

The case was adjourned. People

suffering from dementia don't

only have to deal with psychiatric problems they're

hospital for injuries or also more likely to be sent to

infections. And new researchers

found they fare much worse than

other patients when they're

taken to hospital. For many dementia patient ashospital stay can be a setback from where they never recovered.

where they never recovered. When the Royal Hobart hospital opened a ward for dementia patients last year patients last year it was

lauded for taking such an

innovative step. By 2050 a

million Australians are

expected to be diagnosed with

dementia and it's people who

suffer from the disease that

are more likely to end up in

hospitals with infections or

injuries. Fractures their hips,

as well. head injuries and other wounds

as well. This is because they

lose their balance. A

patients are in hospital their

prospects aren't good. They suffer more complications and

infections than other patients

and they tend to stay there longer. Dementia patients are

more likely to die in hospital

and even those who don't never

fully recover. Of course if you are already feeling unwell,

you're in a strange environment

in a hospital, don't know the

in a hospital, don't know the people around you, don't know the way in which the place is

organised and noisy, it considerably. Dementia patients increases confusion

transferred directly to nursing are also more likely to be

homes. Alzheimer's Australia

place so says services need to be put in

place so that ill dementia

patients can be treated in

their own homes but since some

will need to go to hospital,

there are

there are calls to make

hospitals safer for them. It

would mean having trained

staff, it would mean having

systems that recognised people

with dementia, it would mean

having special itself -

specialists. He's calling for a

boost in government research to improve treatment

and better educate health care

professionals. The Mount

Stromlo observatory in Canberra is celebrating its centenary

is celebrating its centenary 8

years after the site was all

but destroyed by devastating bushfires.

bushfires. A replica of the

observatory's very first

telescope has been unveiled to

mark the occasion and the ACT

Chief Minister also took the

opportunity to look to the

future of the historic site. It's always served as Canberra's most recognisable

landmarks. Way up on a nearby

hill is the famous Mount

Stromlo obsterve -

observatory. Observations began

at Mount Stromlo a century ago

after a wealthy philanthropist

donated the first telescope.

From there it was onwards and

upwards for the star-gazing hub

until 2003 when bushfire ripped

through the capital destroying

precious telescopes and decades of research. Emerging

of research. Emerging from the

ashes is observatory celebrating its centenary

unveiling a replica of its

original telescope. It's

typical of telescope s of the

period. It's very typical of a big refractor from the 1890s. The Oddy telescope has

always had a very important

part here in the history of

Mount Stromlo observatory and

it was severely damaged in the

fire. This replica has been built

built to, I think, commemorate the history of this

the history of this place. As

the past is celebrated, it's

also a time to consider the

future and as Canberra grows

increasing light pollution

no longer effective. But new means advanced telescopes

uses have been touted for the much-loved observatory. We're very interested in developing

we the site for its heritage value

we very much want to have school groups come up here to

learn about science, to learn about

about astronomy. With Stromlo

Forest Park just at the bottom

of Mount Stromlo and the opportunities particularly for

education if we are able to

integrate with what we're doing

with what the ANU is doing here

this could become a special

place. A special place to teach solar system and beyond.

Getting married can be an expensive and stressful experience here in

and it's no dimpbts - dimpbts

different in Papua New Guinea but exposure to Western

consumer culture is having an

impact on the practice of

paying a bride paying a bride price.

Increasingly large amounts of cash and goods are being

exchanged and some women feel

they're becoming a commodity.

Weddings are a big deal in Hanuabada village in

Hanuabada village in port

Morrisby. The groom's relatives

bring decorated polls laden

with gifts and cash to the

parents of bride. Flour, rice,

fruit, vegetables and pigs are also piled outside their

house. It is the accepting of a

new daughter into a family, not

buying a girl. At the groom's

house his close family

their own polls house his close family prepare

Everyone's offering is

carefully recorded so it can be repaid at future weddings. It's

out of love that I have to

honour her in terms of it's my

true love, you know. These

true love, you know. These days

increasingly large amounts of

cash, electronic goods and even

cars are being exchanged. The

payments have become so payments have become so large

some men feel their wives are their property. Now a

their property. Now a man will

tend to have the sense of

ownership and in any marriage

in any society that gets a stressed often this will come

out in violence. At this

village court nearly a third of

the cases involve domestic

disputes stemming from bride

prices. Women have been pashed,

Women get bashed, some get

killed, they're abused and

killed, they're abused and the

children suffer. So what was

originally good has been

abused. PNG's only female parliamentarian believes the law should protect children

women. If a woman is beaten or

relationship she abused in a marriage

obligations for paying back relationship and the

would be negated. Bride prices

are still an important social glue that holds communities together but

together but some fear that if

they're not reined in they will they're not reined

tear them apart. To sport now

and Manly faces an uncertain

build up to next week's NRL

grand final after two players

were placed on report during last night's match against the

Broncos. The Sea Eagles will

meet the winner of tonight's

preliminary final between the

Storm and the

night Manly brought the curtain down on Brisbane's season and

Darren Lockyer's NRL career but

Steve Matai and Tony Williams

may have to fight the judiciary

for their places in

weekend's grand final team.

They're the NRL's form team and the the grand final favourites but

Manly look set to begin their

biggest week of the season with

a big headache. Last night's

clinical win over Brisbane was

soured firstly by Tony Williams' high

Williams' high shot on Jharal

Yow Yeh. It's a bit more than hanging an arm out really. It was a swinging arm. Moments

later the Bronco' winger felt

the full brunt of Steve Matai's

knees. Both were placed on

report and both face the breaking prospect of missing a grand final because of

suspension. The Broncos had

themselves to blame for missing

first next week's decider. A lopsided

first half penalty count was

compounded by rookie mistakes.

We just killed ourselves last night and that's the most

disappointing part. Nursing a

Lockyer could only offer his team-mates words. But Manly was

reading from a different script

when the Sea Eagles stretched

their lead to 16, Lockyer could

see the writing on

wall. The support that, you

know, that's come my way this year

year by the public has been

fantastic. So I don't have any disappointments

disappointments to look back

over the season. As they have

done all season, the broverk

broncos showed grit. Yow Yeh provided one of the highlights. And Corey Parker

produced another. And here's a

pass for Parker to Wallace and

Wallace is in. But Brisbane

couldn't stop Kieran Foran Manly's charge to their third couldn't stop Kieran Foran or

grand final in 5 years. It's a

great I - achievement so you

always like to win them as

well. For some of the younger

brigade they will really enjoy

the week and they will have the

older players around to help

them through the experience. That should include

return from suspension. Glenn Stewart who's set to

return from suspension. The

last night at the World Cup has Wallabies' big win

come at a cost

come at a cost with injuries to

midfielders Rob Horne, Pat

McCabe and Anthony Faingaa. England was

Romania and Australia regained winning form against the United

States. A 62-point win would

normally be a cause for

celebration but the concerned looks suggested otherwise. A significant amount of

damage. Rob Horne fractured his cheek bone in

cheek bone in his first hit up

of the game. You, hammered there. His replacement, Pat

McCabe suffered a shoulder

injury. Late in the game

Anthony Faingaa was the third

centre to go down. The concussed Faingaa

stretchered off. Earlier

Wycliff Palu strained his

hamstring. The Wallabies were

so short on troops that Radike

Samo was shifted to the

Samo was shifted to the wing.

Samo's 5-pointer was one of

11 scored by Australia against

the outclassed Americans. Adam

in 7 minutes. Proud of the

whole team, actually, the way

they took to their work. To put

that many points around the USA shouldn't be

underestimated. Australia has 8

days before its next pool game against Russia.

against Russia. England winger

Mark Quato scored the opening 3 tries against Romania. The

other winger Mark Ashton answered with a hat-trick of

his own. The his own. The 67-3 win maintains

England's unbeaten record in

pool B. And pool B. And the All Blacks

lead France 19-3 close to half

time. Collingwood and Geelong

will clash in next weekend's

AFL grand final after the Cats

booked a spot in the decider

with a comfortable win over the

West Coast Eagles. Last night

the Magpies narrowly defeated

in Hawks in the match of the

season. Geelong will sweat on for next weekend's decider

after he suffered a knee injury in the Cats'

in the Cats' 48-point win.

Geelong was out to dash hopes the Eagles had of a

fairytale grand final appearance. The Cats seized

control in the opening quarter.

There was a rare bit of magic

from West Coast but ultimately

the Cats were too good as they

zeroed in on the grand final. knee injury in the third

quarter to forward

quarter to forward Steve

Johnson was Geelong's major

concern for the match. He's now

in doubt for next week. The

Eagles' appearance in a preliminary final was remarkable achievement considering their wooden spoon

last year but in the second

half it was clear they were

just making up the numbers. The

Cats ruthless as they qualified

for the grand final for the

fourth time in five years. Last

night Luke Ball became a

Collingwood hero as the Magpies secured a spot in the decider

in the final

full-time siren sparking wild

celebrations from the Collingwood faithful and even

tears from the normally stoic

Magpies coach. Neither side took their chances in front of the goal throughout the match.

Hawthorn though was in control

for much of the encounter and the Collingwood fans weren't impressed. In the fiercely

physical contest, the Hawks held a

held a 3-goal lead into the

final change.In a pulsating

final quarter the Magpies' up. Travis Cloke kicking

straight as they took the lead

but Hawthorn's own key forward

had one last trick up his sleeve. Luke Ball grabbing sleeve. Luke Ball grabbing the

last shot of the game. Hawthorn

left to rue missed chances

while Collingwood marches on to while Collingwood marches on to

the grand final.More than 9,000

fans have turned out to watch soccer superstar Harry Kewell's debut for Melbourne Victory.

There was no golden goal

to suggest he will be a handful

for opposition teams to control. He played

control. He played the opening

half and despite providing opportunities

team-mates there was no goal

for the Victory. If 45 he plays

was phenomenal. His touch,

running, ball passing, he could

have scored himself tonight as

well . The Reds took the lead

just before half time with a

stunning strike from Andy Slory. Kewell's replacement

Carlos Hernandez provided an emphatic equaliser in

emphatic equaliser in the final minute of regulation time.

Brett Emerton made his debut for Sydney this afternoon in a

2-2 draw with Perth. The

A-League season kicks off in 2 weeks. Australian golfer Adam

Scott is on top of the leader board in the halfway mark of

the season-ending tour

championship in Atlanta. Scott

is one shot ahead of Korean KJ

Choi while another Australian

Jason Day is 2 from the lead.

Scott had 8 birdies in his

round of 65. He's also in

contention for the $10 million prize

prize for the player accumulates the most points

over the 4 play off events. To

the weather now and it was a

cloudy Saturday in the ACT with

patchy showers. patchy showers. The city

reached a top of 15 today but overnight the mercury dropped

to 8 degrees. There was 1 mm in the gauge at

the gauge at Tuggeranong. And

this afternoon we received

light easterly winds.

On the satellite map you can

see low-level cloud over southern

southern South Australia,

Victoria and eastern NSW. There was also cloud over south-eastern Queensland. A

trough is generating cloud over central synoptic chart you can see a

high pressure system west of

Tasmania will move to the southern Tasman Sea by tomorrow. That will

tomorrow. That will generate

isolated showers tonight and on

Sunday clearing on Monday.

And that's the news for now. Thanks Goodnight. Closed Captions by